Hekiseki Ikkai written by EMA Saiko

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Within the feudal system of the Tokugawa Shogunate, women were marginalized. In "Sekiheki Ki" written in 1847, EMA Saiko (1787-1861) wrote about the case of a female patient of her nephew EMA Gen'eki. Saiko described the details: the year of the medical treatment, the age and sex of the patient, symptoms, prescription, progress after prescription, form of the stone, and the cause of the disease.


Takarabe, Kae


Smithsonian History Bibliography

Contained within

The Diary of ITO Keisuke (April-July 1879) 20 (Journal)

Contact information

Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Institution Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, SW, Washington, D.C. 20024-2520, SIHistory@si.edu




  • Medicine
  • Women
  • Natural History
  • Women Scientists
  • History
  • Natural history
  • Women--History



Physical description

Number of pages: 11; Page numbers: 277-287

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