Studying Wisconsin: The Life of Increase Lapham, Early Chronicler of Plants, Rocks, Rivers, Mounds and All Things Wisconsin

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Biography of the nineteenth century Wisconsin naturalist Increase Lapham who was a founder of the Wisconsin Historical Society and the Wisconsin Academy of Sciences, Arts and Letters, among many other institutions. His surveys of Indian mounds were published by the Smithsonian in 1855 as "The Antiquities of Wisconsin." He was also a volunteer weather observer for Secretary Joseph Henry's Meteorological Project and was a natural history correspondent for Assistant Secretary Spencer F. Baird. He also provided examples of Indian effigy mounds for the 1876 Centennial Exhibition in Philadelphia.


  • Lapham, Increase Allen 1811-1875
  • Baird, Spencer Fullerton 1823-1887
  • Henry, Joseph 1797-1878
  • Wisconsin Historical Society
  • Meteorological Project
  • Wisconsin Academy of Sciences, Arts, and Letters
  • National Collections
  • Centennial Exhibition (1876 : Philadelphia, Pa.)


Smithsonian History Bibliography

Contact information

Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Institution Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, SW, Washington, D.C. 20024-2520,




  • Archaeology
  • Mounds
  • Antiquities
  • Historians
  • Natural History
  • Collectors and collecting
  • Indians of North America--Antiquities
  • Archaeologists
  • Mound-builders
  • Natural history




First Edition

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Number of pages: 423; Page numbers: 1-410

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