Record Unit 548, National Museum of Natural History Division of Meteorites Folder: India - Miscellaneous

ID: SIA2015-000193 through SIA2015-000264

Creator: National Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Division of Meteorites

Form/Genre: Paper

Date: 1970-1977

Citation: Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 548, Box 1, Folder: India - Miscellaneous

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Summary

Folder contains correspondence records of the National Museum of Natural History's Division of Meteorites from 1970-1977. All letters in the folder are either to or from correspondents from India. The letters discuss topics including: specimen identifications, specimen requests, meteor showers, and professional trips and conferences.

Author

National Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Division of Meteorites

Subject

  • Clarke, Roy S., Jr
  • Mason, Brian Harold 1917-
  • National Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Dept. of Mineral Sciences

Category

Historic Images of the Smithsonian

Notes

This is a folder level cataloged record. The folder is part of Record Unit 548.

Contained within

Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 548, Box 1, Folder: India - Miscellaneous

Contact information

Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, SW, Washington, D.C. 20024-2520, SIHistory@si.edu

Date

1970-1977

Restrictions & Rights

No restrictions

Topic

  • Letters
  • International correspondence
  • Meteorites
  • Meteors

Place

India

Form/Genre

Paper

ID Number

SIA2015-000193 through SIA2015-000264

Physical description

Number of Documents: 54; Color: Black and White and Color; Type of Image: Document; Medium: Paper

Full Record

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AIRMAIL April 12, 1977 Dr. S. P. Das Gupta, Director Petrology Division Geological Survey of India 27, Jawaharlal Nehru Road Calcutta 700 013, India Dear Dr. Das Gupta: Dr. Kurt Fredriksson has handed over to me the 488.6g specimen of the Dhajala meteorite that you gave him for transport. It is an excellent specimen and completes our exchange in a most satisfactory way. Thank you for your cooperation. Sincerely, Roy S. Clarke, Jr. Curator Division of Meterorites RSC/cab
Dr. S.P. Das Gupta, Director Geological Survey of India 27 Jawaharlal Nehru Road Calcutta 700 013, India Dear Dr. Das Gupta: Thank you for your letter of June 19, 1976 and for the report on the recovery of the Dhajala meteorite shower. Dhajala is an important new meteorite, and it is fortunate that such a large quantity was recovered for preservation in scientific institutions. The description of its recovery will be published in the next [[underlined]]Meteoritical Bulletin[[/underlined]]. I was pleased to hear that you would consider the exchange of an approximately 500 g specimen of the Dhajala meteorite. Normally meteorites are exchanged on both an equal weight and equal number basis. Curators are reluctant to add more meteorites to another collection than they add to their own. I have selected material from the Allende, Mexico, meteorite fall that I feel would be a generous exchange for 500 g of Dhajala. The Allende meteorite is a rare type, a carbonaceous chondrite Type III. Since its fall in early 1969, it has attracted a tremendous amount of scientific interest. It may well be the most extensively studied meteorite to date. Allende certainly should be represented in your meteorite collection. The specimens I have selected for your consideration are: 1) USNM-3886, 586 g. This is a complete individual that was found 3 kms SE of Valle de Allende and obtained for us by Jack R. Hyde in May-June 1969, shortly after the fall. It is a complete individual of exhibit quality, typical of many that were recovered. 2) USNM-3655, 121 g. This is a fragment that could be used for research needs without cutting the large individual. Its broken surfaces show many of the interesting petrographic features of this meteorite. 3) USNM-3529, split 22, position 3, 26.2 g. A standard sample has been prepared from the Allende meteorite and studied in many laboratories around the World. This 26.2 g split of meteorite powder is a large sample of this important reference material. Enclosed with this letter is information about the preparation and purpose of this material.
-2- Also enclosed with this letter are several of our publications that deal with the Allende meteorite. The samples listed above are being sent to you under separate cover for your consideration as an exchange for approximately 500 g of Dhajala meteorite. When the shipment is received, please date, sign and return the white copy of the invoice to the Office of the Registrar. If you are still interested in exchanging for the Vigarano or Felix meteorites, we could probably suggest Indian meteorites that we would like to have. The main mass of the Bali meteorite is in Vienna, and you might be able to arrange an exchange through Dr. Gero Kurat at the Natural History Museum. Our specimen of Bali is too small to use in exchanges. Our Al Rais specimen is also very small, and we would be reluctant to use it as exchange material. Thank you very much for your consideration of this matter. Sincerely, Roy S. Clarke, Jr. Curator Division of Meteorites Enclosures RSC/kp July 7, 1976
February 8, 1977 Mr. R.K. Sundaram' Director International Wing Geological Survey of India 27 Jawaharlal Nehru Road [[underlined]]Calcutta 13[[/underlined]], India Dear Mr. Sundaram, It has been a long time since we have hdd any contact. More than a year ago I was informed that you were to move away from Calcutta, but recently Mr. Dube informed me that you are still holding your previous position. I sincerely hope that we shall then meet again. Apparently the Smithsonian has approved funds for me and Dr. Milton to visit Calcutta and Lonar. However, we do not wish to cause any inconveniences or significant changes in current plans. Thus a letter from your office regarding this visit and the timing (i.e. early to middle March if at all possible?) would be most welcome. We would wish to visit with you in Calcutta first for a briefing by you and colleagues of the current status and proceed to Lonar afterwards. We are rather familiar with Lonar and thus, as I indicated in recent telegrams, we should be able to go more or less on our own. On the other hand, any assistance from your or the Nagpur office or Mr. Dube will be most gratefully appreciated; but again, we hope not to cause any inconvenience. Please accept my and my wife's warmest personal regards and best wishes. Sincerely, Kurt Fredriksson Geochemist Division of Meteorites KF/ks
AIRMAIL September 8, 1976 Dr. D. K. S. Vardan, Director General Geological Survey of India 27, Jawaharlal Road Calcutta 13, India Dear Sir: Last week I received a call from Dr. D. Milton of the U.S. Geological Survey, who recently visited with you in Calcutta, with regard to the Lonar Lake project. Apparently some very interesting findings were made by your team in cooperation with Dr. Milton during the last period of geological mapping. I also understand that the core drillings are finished with a successful 400m hole and that the base topographic map is about completed. In any case Dr. Milton told me that he would like to return for some period during the next field season. So, frankly, would I myself, in order to get a better understanding of the throw-out/fall-out stratigraphy which we all agree can be invaluable for the interpretation of many problems related to the stratigraphy in the lunar regolith. Of course, to me, it would be of the greatest interest to see the latest drill core - and perhaps I could be of some assistance in the studies of it. In the past Dr. Milton and myself have received the most gracious help and cooperation and we hope that you personally are still interested in this work and the collaboration between our institutions. In order to obtain appropriate funding from the Smithsonian (also for Dr. Milton) for another trip to India, some kind of formal letter of invitation through your office is required by our administration; you might simply require or recommend our collaboration in the interest of the Apollo program or if you prefer, request or recommend cooperation, advise or consultation with regard to special problems.
2 May I also mention that I have spent a large part of the last year conducting macroscopic studies of stony meteorites in a number of collections in Europe and the U.S. It would be of the greatest value for me once again to have the opportunity to see your magnificent collection and perhaps assist with a few problems which I believe might exist in the identification of a few specimens. Perhaps also the fruitful cooperation in the study of selected meteorites can be rejuvenated. I'm enclosing an abstract of a paper, which is now in galley proof, for the "Smithsonian Contribution to the Earth Sciences". Again, if my proposition is agreeable to you I shall deeply appreciate a confirmation from your office at your earliest convenience. The processing through our funding office is not always too rapid. With my best personal regards, I remain, Sincerely yours, Kurt Fredriksson Geochemist Division of Meteorites Enclosure KF:ml
December 15, 1976 AIRMAIL Dr. V.K.S. Varadan Geological Survey of India 27, Jawaharlal Road Calcutta 13, India Dear Sir: With reference to my letter of September 8, 1976, (of which a copy is enclosed in case there has been postal problems) I wonder if it is still agreeable and desirable to you and your colleagues for me and/or Dr. Milton to visit Lonar and your headquarters in Calcutta. It seems probable that I'll be traveling in the Orient sometime during the period late February to April. Thus an early date in March would be most desirable although I would of course try to adapt any schedule to your best convenience. Wlease, accept my assurance of a continued interest in our so far fruitful cooperations. May I also wish a happy and successful 1977. Sincerely yours, Kurt Fredriksson Geochemist Division of Meteorites Enclosure KF/ks
April 13, 1976 Dr. V.K.S. Varadan Director General Geological Survey of India 27, Jawaharlal Nehru Road Calcutta-700 013, India Dear Dr. Varadan: I have heard reports of a major meteorite fall near Dhajala in Gujarat on the 28th of January of this year. Would it be possible to obtain both specific details on the fall and specimen material for the Smithsonian meteorite collection? Enclosed is a copy of a recent [[underline]]Meteoritical Bulletin[[/underlined]]. This publication is sponsored by the Meteoritical Society and appears periodically in the Society's journal, [[underlined]]Meteoritics[[/underlined]]. An issue is currently in press, and I am preparing an issue for publication later this year. I would appreciate information and circumstances of this fall to include in the next Bulletin. This will establish the name in the meteoritic literature without in any way restricting future publication of a descriptive report. We are also very interested in obtaining a generous sample of the Dhajala meteorite for preservation and study here at the Smithsonian. We would be glad to make an appropriate exchange. Enclosed is a list of our collection compiled recently by Brian Mason. Your representative could use this to select meteorites that might be of particular importance to your collection. We would be interested in a sample as large as 500 g, but I understand that this would have to depend upon how much has been recovered. Thank you very much for your consideration of these requests. Sincerely, Roy S. Clarke, Jr. Curator Division of Meteorites Enclosure RSC/kp
March 10, 1976 Dr. H.S. Virk Department of Physics Pujabi University Patiala-147002, India Dear Dr. Virk, Please excuse the long delay in answering your letter regarding samples for fission track dating. Although I've talked to Dr. Corkell in general terms, I've never walked in the field myself. Consequently, I cannot suggest anypparticular material to work on; in addition we here have no access to lunar samples. I would recommend that you contact Dr. Lal in Ahmedabad (Phys. Res. Inst.) who is a world authority. As far literature, I would refer you to the Proceedings of the Lunar Sci. Conferences I-VI and especially articles by Fleischer, Walker, Price, Wilkening, McDougal in addition to Lal - and Bahandari. I'm sorry I can't be of more help. Sincerely yours, Kurt Fredriksson Geochemist Division of Meteorites KF/kp
Dr. H.S. Virk, Punjabi University, Department of Physics, Patiala-147002, India. Dr. Kurt Fredriksson, Division of Meteorites, Smithsonian Institution, Washington DC 20560, U.S.A. Dear Dr. Fredriksson, We are working on Fission Track Dating of natural minerals. We have come to know from Dr. M. Corkell (Canada) that you have dated some meteorites and lunar rocks. It will be very kind of you if you can supply some specimen (meteorites and lunar rocks) and the relevant literature for our study. We assure you that the results will be communicated to you before publication. With best regards, Yours sincerely, [[handwritten signature]] H.S. Virk[[/handwritten]] H.S. Virk
[[blue airmail letter paper]] [[preprinted, upper left]] [[Hindi lettering]] Aerogramme [[/upper left]] [[upper right]] [[IMAGE: Indian postage stamp, with bird in flight, and value of 1.25]] [[/upper right]] [[/preprinted]] [[black stamped postal indicia]] 19-1-76 [[unable to read rest of indicia]] [[IMAGE: 2 Indian postage stamps, one with image of a tiger, the other an image of an elephant]] [[mailing to:]] Dr. KURT FREDRIKSSON SMITHSONIAN Institution, (Division of Meteorites) Washington, D.C. 20560 U.S.A. [[preprinted]] [[Hindi writing]]:- Sender's Name and Address:- [[/preprinted]] Dr. H.S. VIRK Dept. of Physics, Panjabie University, PATIALA-147002 (INDIA) [[preprinted]] [[Hindi writing]] No Enclosures Allowed [[/preprinted]]
December 15, 1976 AIRMAIL Dr. Mohammad Zafar Geological Survey of India Meghnagar, Dist. Jhabja, (M.P.) India Dear Dr. Zafar, Thank you for your kind letter of Nov. 20. Unfortunately there is little I can do at this late date, and I could definitely not write a research proposal for you - that is in, or hopefully, by now off your hands. I presume you have the Smithsonian materials and instructions from which you can see what the individual research interests are. So, please, send your application including a project(s) you wish to work on and who are your first and second choice for "advisor" here. However, I must warn you that the competition for the one or two positions (shared with "Sedimentalogy") is extremely hard. I'm not on the selecting committee and can't judge your chances, but, please, do not take it personal should your application be denied; it means only that someone has come up with a project which more closely fits the current interest of the Institution and the Department. With best personal regards and wishes for happy and successful 1977. Sincerely yours, Kurt Fredriksson Geochemist Division of Meteorites KF/ks
June 6, 1975 Dr. D.P. Agrawal Physical Research Laboratory Navrangpura Ahmedabad-380009 India Dear Dr. Agrawal: Thank you for your kind letter related to our Chinese weapons paper. It is nice to hear from those who find it useful. I have not been involved directly with antiquities since the Chinese weapons work. I would be interested in knowing of early use of meteorites in India, but I can offer you no help in this area. Your letter will be forwarded to Mr. W.T. Chase at the Freer Gallery in the hope that he might be able to be of help to you. Sincerely, ^[[RSC]] Roy S. Clarke, Jr. Curator Division of Meteorites cc: W.T. Chase RSC/ag
TELEGRAM: "RESEARCH" TELEX: 012-397 PHYSICAL RESEARCH LABORATORY NAVRANGPURA AHMEDABAD-380009 (INDIA) TELEPHONES: 40242 TO 46 PRL:DPA:7 May 27, 1975 Dear ^[[Dr Clarke,]] Professor D. Lal once gave me a reprint of yours, 'Two Early Chinese Weapons with Meteoritic Iron Blades'. It has proved a very valuable reference work to us. As we are also keen to locate the earliest use of meteoritic iron in India, I would greatly appreciate receiving your valuable suggestions and publications on this subject. Thanking you and with regards, Yours sincerely, ^[[DP]] D.P. Agrawal To Dr. Roy S. Clarke Jr. Freer Gallery of Art Washington D.C. U.S.A. copy to: Prof. D. Lal
[[blue airmail letter form]] [[preprinted, upper left]] BY AIR MAIL [[Hindi writing]] AEROGRAMME NO ENCLOSURES ALLOWED [[preprinted]] [[stamped postal indicia, with much illegible]] [[--]]MEDIBAD [[ V 25 ?]] [[/indicia]] [[IMAGE: 2 stamped postage "stamps," both marked "INDIA POSTAGE S". Value of left stamp is "Rs. 0'75". Value of right stamp is "Rs. 0'50".]] [[Mailing address]] Dr. Roy S. Clarke Jr. [[strikethrough]] Freer Gallery of Art Washington D.C. U.S.A. [[/strikethrough]] [[handwritten]] NHB. E407 [[preprinted instructions for assembly]] FIRST FOLD SECOND FOLD THIRD FOLD TO OPEN CUT HERE [[instructions]] [[preprinted]] SENDER'S NAME AND ADDRESS:- [[/preprinted]] [[typed]] Dr.D.P.Agrawal [[/typed]] [[preprinted or stamped]] Physical Research Laboratory Navrangpura, AHMEDABAD-38009 (INDIA) [[/preprinted/stamped]]
[[letterhead]] SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION FREER GALLERY OF ART WASHINGTON, D. C. 20560 Cable address: FREER, Washington, D. C. Area Code: 202 Telephone: 381-5344 [[/letterhead]] June 13, 1975 Dear Dr. Agrawal: I am very pleased to know that you have read our publication on two early Chinese bronze weapons with meteoritic iron blades. We do not have much more information than is contained in this publication about early use of meteoritic iron in India. As you note, we referred to Bannerjee's pioneering work on the Iron Age in India. I am sure that more work has been done since this was published in 1965, but you are probably in a better position to do the bibliographic research on this than we are. Our collection here at the Freer contains one and perhaps two iron daggers which are supposed to have been made from meteorites. Those both date from the Mughal period, and so are much later than the early uses to which you refer. They have not been sampled or analyzed in the way that the Chinese weapons were analyzed for our publication, so the evidence is somewhat sketchy. One publication in which you might be interested would be publication # 12 by the Center for Meteorites Studies, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 85281. It is called [[underlined]]Meteors and Meteorites in the Ancient Near East [[/underlined]] and is by Judith Kingston Bjorkman. She is considering primarily the area of modern-day Iraq and its surroundings, but this may be interesting in terms of your studies in India. We would be very interested to hear of early uses of meteoritic iron in India. Best wishes, Sincerely, W. T. Chase Head Conservator Dr. D. P. Agrawal Physical Research Laboratory Navrangpura Ahmedabad-380009 INDIA ^[[Roy - Basically this says we don't know nothing! I met J JEDWAB of the Geochemistry Lab at the Free University of Brussels on June 9 and he sent his regards to you. He wants a copy of our paper, which I will mail. Best, WTC]]
June 6, 1975 Dr. D.P. Agrawal Physical Research Laboratory Navrangpura Ahmedabad-380009 India Dear Dr. Agrawal: Thank you for your kind letter related to our Chinese weapons paper. It is nice to hear from those who find it useful. I have not been involved directly with antiquities since the Chinese weapons work. I would be interested in knowing of early use of meteorites in India, but I can offer you no help in this area. Your letter will be forwarded to Mr. W.T. Chase at the Freer Gallery in the hope that he might be able to be of help to you. Sincerely, Roy S. Clarke, Jr. Curator Division of Meteorites cc: W.T. Chase RSC/ag
September 4, 1975 Dr. N. Bhandari Physical Research Laboratory Navrangpura Ahmedabad - 380009, India Dear Dr. Bhandari: Thank you for your letter of August 29, 1975, and for the enclosed reprint of your recent paper in [[underlined]]Science[[/underlined]]. The Bjurbole, Finland, meteorite material that you requested is being sent to you under separate cover. It was collected from the bottoms of several specimen trays, but we feel certain that it is clean and representative material. Sincerely yours, Roy S. Clarke, Jr. Curator Division of Meteorites Enclosures RSC:ml
[[preprinted record form with fields]] [[field]]CROSS-REFERENCE (Name, number, or subject under which this form is filed)[[/field]] ^[[India sep file]] IDENTIFICATION OF RECORD [[field]]DATE[[/field]] ^[[1975]] [[field]]TO[[/field]] ^[[Chatterjee, P.K.]] [[field]]FROM [[/field]] [[field]]BRIEF SUMMARY OF CONTENTS[[/field]] [[field]]FILED (Name, number, or subject under which the document itself is filed)[[/field]] Optional Form 21 Feb. 1962 GSA Circular 259 CROSS-REFERENCE
[[seal]]Geological Survey of India[[/seal]] [[letterhead]] GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF INDIA CABLE: GEOSURVEY, CALCUTTA 27. JAWAHARLAL NEHRU ROAD TELEPHONE: 23-2314-18 CALCUTTA-13 TELEX: 021-7814 (INDIA) [[/letterhead]] REF. NO /43B/75/36-Pet. Dated The September 19, 1975 From: Dr. S P Das Gupta Director Petrology Division. Dear Dr. Garg, I read with interest the programme of your work given in your letter dated July 10, 1975. The quantity of the Bholghati meteorite available in our collection is very much depleted. In order to avoid total depletion of meteorites in our collection we are distributing meteorites only on exchange basis. Please let us know if you can spare any meteorite of this type in exchange of one you asked for. Possibly you may also send us a copy of list of meteorites available in your collection and on that case we shall be able to tell you the meteorite in which we will be interested. Furthermore, our record shows that sample of this meteorite has been given to the Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC in U S A. Meanwhile you may also like to explore the possibility of getting your required quantity from them. I am looking forward to hearing from you. With regards, Yours sincerely. [[handwritten]/[[/handwritten]] S P DAS GUPTA Dr. A N Garg NASA Co-Investigator University of Kentucky College of Arts and Science Department of Chemistry Lexington [[underlined]]Kentucky 40506,[[/underlined]] U S A P.T.O.
[[blue airmail form]] No.___ ^[[1978/C]] /43B/75/36-Pet Dated, ^[[20]] September 19, 1975. Copy forwarded for information to:- 1) Prof. W.D. Ehmann, Principal Investigator, University of Kentucky College of Arts & Science, Department of Chemistry, Lexington, Kentucky 40506, U S A. [[large hand-written checkmark]] 2) The Curator, Division of Meteorites, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. 20560, U.S.A. 3) The Director, Geological Survey of India, I.W., Calcutta with reference to his endorsement No.27/IW dated 22.7.75. ^[[S. Das Gupta]] (S.P.Das Gupta) Director Geological Survey of India Petrology Division. [[image- airplane, with type: "BY AIR MAIL" in the middle, "AEROGRAMME" underneath]] [[red/orange postage stamp with three headed lion in the middle (Emblem of India)]] [[green postage stamp with three headed lion in the middle (Emblem of India)]] [[dark purple postage stamp with three headed lion in the middle (Emblem of India)]] ^[[The Curator, Division of Meteorites, Smithsonian Institution, WASHINGTON, D.C. 20506 U.S.A.]] [[image - two globes and the outline of a plane]] SENDER'S NAME & ADDRESS [[stamped]] Despatcher Geological Survey of India, 27, Chowringhee Road, Calcutta-13[[/stamped]] ^[[ [[J Ghos?]] ]] A ROCKET ® PRODUCT
[[preprinted record form with fields]] CROSS-REFERENCE (Name, number, or subject under which this form is filed) ^[[India sep file]] IDENTIFICATION OF RECORD DATE TO ^[[A. Dube]] FROM BRIEF SUMMARY OF CONTENTS FILED (Name, number, or subject under which the document itself is filed) Optional Form 21 Feb. 1962 GSA Circular 259 CROSS-REFERENCE
[[preprinted record form with fields]] CROSS-REFERENCE (Name, number, or subject under which this form is filed) ^[[India sep file]] IDENTIFICATION OF RECORD DATE ^[[1975]] TO ^[[D. Lal]] FROM BRIEF SUMMARY OF CONTENTS FILED (Name, number, or subject under which the document itself is filed) Optional Form 21 Feb. 1962 GSA Circular 259 CROSS-REFERENCE
January 10, 1975 Mr. V.N. Vasudev Chiradurga Copper Company 16/1 Ali Askar Road Bangalore 560052, India Dear Mr. Vasudev, Thank you for your letter of December 22, which I have read with much interest. I am glad to know that you found the book by Dr. Melson and myself on the lunar rocks stimulating; of course a lot more has been learned about the lunar rocks since that book was written, and I enclose some recent reprints which provide more recent information. My impression is that the lunar basalts are not closely comparable with primitive terrestrial basalts such as the komatiites. the lunar basalts appear to me to be quite highly differentiated, especially in their high Ti0[[subscript]]2[[/subscript]] content and relatively high Fe/Mg ratios. Of course, it seems apparent now that the earth and the moon are fundamentally different in their geochemistry, the moon being relatively enriched in refractory elements and depleted in volatile ones. I believe they must have had a different bulk chemical composition from the very beginning. You are welcome to use any material in our book and in the enclosed reprints in preparing your article on the lunar rocks. I am enclosing some photographs which I hope may be useful for this article. With best wishes. Sincerely yours, Brian Mason Curator Department of Mineral Sciences enclosures BM/ag
AIRMAIL April 18, 1974 Amconsul, Calcutta To Whom it May Concern: Attached is a refund in the amount of Indian Rs 1328.00 which where kindly dispersed to cover possible overweight costs; the reason as I stated was that the GEBAT's issued could not (and have not) be used. However, the samples were handled by my colleagues and thus I had no expenditures for overweight. All this was to be stated in a regular travel voucher and unaccounted amounts refunded from a fund, in Indian Rs, set up in Calcutta. However, since it appears to be some accounting or bookkeeping difficulties I have arranged for this immediate refund. Please issue appropriate receipts. I greatly appreciate the courtesies and help I received from the staff at the Consulate. Sincerely, Kurt Fredriksson Geochemist Department of Mineral Sciences Washington, D.C.
Dube, A. - separate file - India
November 1, 1974 Professor S. Mukherji Qr. No. 7/4, D-Type Flat Unit IX Bhubaneswar-7 Orissa, India Dear Professor Mukherji, Thank you for your letter of October 9. I am glad to learn that you have received the information and application forms for a Smithsonian Postdoctoral Fellowship, and will be happy to act as your advisor in this regard. Your desire to work on the geochemistry of some igneous rocks is in line with the general research program of this department, and for which we have the necessary facilities. Since your recent work has been on an anorthosite-charnockite association, I would think that geochemical research on a suite of these rocks might be a rewarding project. However, if you have other projects in mind, please do not hesitate to put them forward. Sincerely yours, Brian Mason Curator Department of Mineral Sciences BM/ag
August 13, 1974 Dr. V.K. Nayak Centre of Advanced Study in Geology University of Saugar P.O. Saugar (M.P.) India Dear Dr. Nayak: Thank you very much for your kind letter of July 29, 1974. I will be glad to send you reprints on an individual request basis. I have just never gotten around to organizing a mailing list for this purpose. Enclosed are several papers that may be of some interest to you. Sincerely, Roy S. Clarke, Jr. Curator Division of Meteorites enclosures RSC/ag
Centre of Advanced Study in Geology University of Saugar P.O. [[underline]] SAUGAR [[/underline]] (M.P.) I N D I A July 29th, 1974 Dr. Roy S. Clarke, Jr. Editor Meteoritical Bulletin Division of Meteorites Smithsonian Institution [[underline]] Washington [[/underline]] DC 20560, USA Dear Dr. Clarke Thank you very much for your letter of January 15th, 1974, which I had received in London. I have now returned from Britain and resumed my duties at the University of Saugar. Recently, I have received the reprint of ^[[the]] Meteoritical Bulletin which contains the reports of Seoni and Patora meteorites. I am thankful to you for the speedy publication and reprint of the same. I shall certainly keep in touch with you when I come to know about the new falls and discoveries in my country I look forward to your cooperation in this interesting and fascinating field. With kind regards, and please keep in touch. Yours sincerely [[signature, underlined]] V.KNayak. [[/signature]] (Dr. V.K.Nayak.) [[hand-written]] P.S. I shall appreciate to receive the reprints of your publications on an exchange basis. Thanks. [[/hand-written note]]
[[blue airmail envelope]] [[upper right quarter of page has the following line in a repeated ring around the edge]] स्वतंत्रता दी 25वीं वर्षगांठ 25th Anniversary of Independence 1972 BY AIR MAIL PAR AVION हवाई पत्र AEROGRAMME [[postage in upper right corner]] [[red postage stamp with "5P. पै." in the upper left corner, "FAMILY PLANNING" in upper right corner, silhouettes of a family (mother, father, two children), "परिवार नियोजन" in lower right corner, "भारत INDIA" along bottom edge]] [[preprinted red postage with an image of an airplane over a globe, "85पै." in upper left corner, "85P." in upper right corner, "भारत" in lower left corner, "INDIA" in lower right corner]] [[circular black stamp over both postages]] [[lower left corner - image of a large building with a [[Indian?]] flag flying over it]] Dr. S. Clarke, Jr. Editor Meteoritical Bulleting Division of Meteorites Smithsonian Institution [[underlined]] WASHINGTON [[/underlined]], DC. 20560 U.S.A. [[lower right quarter of page]] दूसरा पोड़ SECOND FOLD इस पत्र के अन्दर कुछ न ररिवये NO ENCLOSURES ALLOWED भेजने वाले का नाम और पता :- Sender's Name and Address भारत INDIA
November 20, 1973 AIRMAIL Dr. M.K. Roy Choudhury Director General Geological Survey of India 27 Jawaharlal Nehru Road Calcutta 13, India Dear Dr. Roy choudhury: Presumably Mr. Dube has by now reported to you on our laboratory work. A summary report is being prepared but will be somewhat delayed because our key technician is rather seriously ill and will not be back for perhaps two weeks. In the meantime I shall attempt to have some Tables copied and sent by airmail to Mr. Dube. Mr. Dube also met with Dr. Milton here and we all discussed the current, very interesting field relations, especially with regard to ejecta and fallout around the smaller crater. I believe it would be very worthwhile if Dr. Milton could come out to the crater once more together with Mr. Dube (and any of your other officers interested) perhaps for ten days around the middle or end of January. I believe they could then prepare a rather definitive interpretation of the field work as a GSI report or publication. If it is agreeable to you, I would also like to join the field party for a few days and then come to Calcutta with our completed laboratory data, including some Moon sample analyses, in order to prepare a major, publishable report. this may also yield an opportunity to discuss the possibility of some further cooperation in the study of Moon samples if this is still of interest to you and some of your colleagues. At that time I should also know more about NASA's intentions which presently are obscure. In any case this would not be the last word on Lonar, but I believe that remaining petrographic and mineralogical work on the cores can be very well pursued in your laboratories. In that respect a request by Professor S.W. Kieffer of the Department of Geology, University of California, may be of interest. I do not
-2- know Professor Kieffer personally but Dr. Milton does and gives his strong recommendations. Dr. Kieffer's object as quoted from a letter to me are as follows: "As I mentioned on the phone, my interest is in relating the shock features in the basalt to its original properties. For this purpose I would like to collect samples of shocked basalt clasts, hopefully documented in location. I hope to obtain samples displaying a wide range of pressure-temperature-time histories, e.g., ranging from simple, small basalt fragments to those included in breccia blankets." These objectives seem not to interfere with other current work. I have obtained a bio-bibliography and a copy of one important paper which I am enclosing for your perusal if you should decide it worthwhile to attempt to obtain a GOI permission for Dr. Kiefer's participation. Also, I feel sure that Dr. Kieffer, who would presumably come via Calcutta together with and under supervision of Dr. Milton, would be willing to give a lecture or two or, at your discretion, consult with your staff for a few days. May I also take this opportunity to express my personal gratitude for all the help Dr. M. Fuller received from you and your staff. I talked to him a few days ago and his samples are being measured, and although no definite results are available he sounded optimistic about the possibilities to reveal effects of shock on the magnetic properties of basalts, which of course could help a good deal in understanding the magnetic properties of some Moon samples. With my sincere personal regards, I remain, Respectfully yours, Kurt Fredriksson Geochemist Division of Meteorites Enclosures cc: Mr. R.K. Sundaram KF/rr
August 3, 1973 Dr. M. D. Roy Chowdhury Director General Geological Survey of India 27 Jawaharlal Nehru Road Calcutta 13 Dear Sir, In accordance with our previous discussions and agreements on collaboration in the investigations of the Lonar meteorite crater, I hereby respectfully recommend to you that Professor M. Fuller of the University of Pittsburgh visit the GSI in Calcutta and also Lonar to discuss and possibly advise on magnetic studies. Professor Fuller is well known for his work on rock magnetism both on terrestrial and lunar samples and meteorites. After discussions with your Mr. A. Dube who is now working in our laboratory, we have sent Professor Fuller and one of his graduate students a few Lonar samples for preliminary studies in cooperation with us. Professor Fuller will be visiting scientist at the Geophysical Institute, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan, c/o Professor T. Nagata, from about August 15 to mid September when he will proceed to Cairo. On the way he could visit your headquarters and then proceed to Lonar if this is feasible and agreeable to you. I hope due GOI approval can be obtained and a letter of invitation sent to Professor Fuller at the above address in Tokyo with a copy to us. If at all possible, it would be greatly appreciated if this can be obtained by September 1 in order for us to obtain necessary authorization here. On the recommendation of Mr. R. K. Sundaram I am enclosing Dr. Fuller's bio-bibliography and three passport photos. Please, accept my respectful personal regards. Sincerely yours, Kurt Fredriksson Geochemist Division of Meteorites Enclosures cc: Mr. R. K. Sundaram
Dube, A. - separate file - India
INDIAN INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY KANPUR 11T POST OFFICE, KANPUR-16, INDIA Dr. P.S. Goel DEPARTMENT OF CHEMISTRY Chem/PSG/1866 17th September, 1973: Dr. Roy S. Clarke, Jr. Curator Division of Meteorites N-ational Museum of Natural History Smithsonian Institution Washington, D.C. 20560 U.S.A. [underlined] Dear Roy: This is a follow up of my letter of May 3. Kindly send the samples of meteorites and Australites as soon as possible. Please remember to send them by air mail. We need these immediately for our work. With best regards, Your sincerely, [handwritten signature] P.S. Goel
[[blue air mail envelope]] O.I.G.S AIR MAIL [[green postage stamp with image of woman picking tea in the middle, "0.15" in the upper right corner, "STOCKING TEA" in upper left corner, "चाय चयन" in lower right corner, "भारत INDIA" along bottom]] Dr.Roy. S.Clarke, Jr. Curator Division of Meteorites National Museum of Natural History Smithsonian Institution Washington, D.C 20650 [[underlined]] U.S.A. [[/underlined]] भेजने वाले का नाम और पता :- Sender's Name and Address :- Prof. P.S. Goel Chemistry Department Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur I.I.T Post Office Kanpur - 208016, U.P. (India) इस पत्र के अन्दर कुछ न ररिवये NO ENCLOSURES ALLOWED
INDIAN INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY KANPUR 11 T POST OFFICE, KANPUR-16, INDIA Prof. P.S.Goel DEPARTMENT OF CHEMISTRY Chem/PSG/ July 9, 1973: Dr.Roy Clarke, Jr. Curator Division of Meteorites National Museum of Natural History Smithsonian Institution Washington D.C.20560 U.S.A. Dear Roy: Your action on the dispatch of meteorite samples to us is being anxiously awaited here. We need ^[[also]] the tektite specimens rather urgently. I shall be grateful if you could kindly get to this work at the earliest. With best regards, Yours sincerely, ^[[Parma]] P.S.Goel
[[blue air mail envelope]] O.I.G.S AIR MAIL [[postage stamp with image of two women dancing in the middle, "पै. P. 50" in lower left corner, "भारत INDIA" in lower right corner]] [[postage stamp with image of Radha (Bani Thani), Kishangarh painting, "पै. P. 20" in the lower left corner, "राधा किशनगढ़ RADHA-KISHANGARH" "भारत INDIA" in lower right corner]] [[green postage stamp with image of woman picking tea in the middle, "0.15" in the upper right corner, "STOCKING TEA" in upper left corner, "चाय चयन" in lower right corner, "भारत INDIA" along bottom]] Dr.Roy. Clarke, Jr. Curator Division of Meteorites National Museium of Natural History Smithsonian Institution Washington, D.C 20560 U.S.A. भेजने वाले का नाम और पता :- Sender's Name and Address :- Prof. P.S. Goel Chemistry Department Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur I.I.T Post Office Kanpur - 208016,(India) इस पत्र के अन्दर कुछ न ररिवये NO ENCLOSURES ALLOWED
INDIAN INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY KANPUR 11 T POST OFFICE, KANPUR-16, INDIA DEPARTMENT OF CHEMISTRY May 3, 1973 Dr. Roy S. Clarke, Jr. Curator Division of Meteorites National Museum of Natural History Smithsonian Institution Washington, D.C. 20560 U.S.A. Dear Roy: When I met you in March, you had told me that you would be sending our meorite samples soon. I had also put in a request with you for some chosen Australite samples. We need some more samples. But before I add more to your work I would like to get the earlier request completed. I hope your new catalogue will be mailed to me soon, if not already sent. That would help us a lot in making proper lists. Let me take this apportunity to express my gratitude to you for the coutesey extended to me during my visit to the museum. With best regards Yours sincerely ^[[Parma]] Parma Goel Associate Professor
September 25, 1973 Airmail Professor P. S. Goel Chemistry Department Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur Kanpur 16, U.P., India Dear Prof. Goel: I was glad to hear about your interest in the Forest Vale chondrite. We have found that not only carbon but also some volatile metals eg Zn, Pb seem to be enriched in an elusive "matrix (low temperature?) material". There seems to be good reason to believe that nitrogen and fluorine may follow this pattern also. We have found that to be the case in at least one other H-chrondrite and two L-group. I'm sorry to have to tell you that we cannot supply 10 grams of Forest Vale; we have only approximately 200 grams in three pieces, the largest of which may have been cut with oil and thus unsuitable for your work. May I suggest that you request a sample (clean!) from the Australian Museum in Sydney, which has the main mass. I shall be looking forward to learning more about your results on the sieved samples and again regret not being able to help. Sincerely yours, Kurt Fredriksson Geochemist Division of Meteorites cc: R.S. Clarke, Jr. Division of Meteorites
TELEGRAM: TECHNOLOGY TELEX: 032-296 TELEPHONE: 51122-26 [[underlined]]AIR MAIL[[/underlined]] INDIAN INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY KANPUR Prof. P.S. Goel Chemistry Department 11T POST OFFICE KANPUR-16. U.P. (INDIA) Chem/PSG/ 18th September, 1973: Dr. Kurt. A. Fredriksson Department of Mineral Sciences National Museum of Natural History Smithsonian Institution Washington, D.C. 20560 [[underlined]]U.S.A.[[/underlined]] Dear Dr. Fredricksson: I read your paper (with Noonan and Nelen) in Smithsonian Contributions No. 9 about Chemistry of Forest Vale meteorite. I was most impressed to see a large variation in total carbon contents of this meteorites. We have been measuring nitrogen in a variety of objects (lunar samples, meteorites and tektites) by neutron activation analysis. In some chondrites we find large variations in the nitrogen contents of different samples taken from the same piece. We have also attempted sieve analysis but the results are not yet finalized. I-n some meteorites the dispersion is small. Since large scatter in carbon values is established for Forest Vale, and since it is an object of lower petrological class, we would very much like to make a detailed study of nitrogen abundances in this chondrite. I shall be grateful if you can arrange to send about 10g sample to us for our work. Kindly send the sample by air post and write "no commercial value" etc. on the carton. Please mail the sample to: Prof. P.S. Goel Chemistry Department Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur-208016, U.P. (India). With best regards, Yours sincerely, ^[[Parma]] Parma Goel ^[[We have 250 g [[flush?]] Mrs. Sydney ~> 20 kg]]
August 3, 1973 AIRMAIL Mr. R. K. Sundaram Director International Wing Geological Survey of India 27 Jawaharlal Nehru Road Calcutta 13, India Dear Mr. Sundaram: Thank you for your kind letter of July 18, 1973. Mr. Dube arrived on that same day and is now fully acclimatized and working on the analyses of Lonar glasses and breccias. He is also participating in work on some lunar samples, and I've listed him as a collaborator in my pending proposal to NASA re Lonar and lunar samples. Maybe this can lead to the acceptance of some GSI scientist^[[s]] as co-investigators, if this is still in your interest. Thank you again for all your help in these matters. I've now sent some reprints to Mr. Balasundaram. Thanks for giving me his address. I am sorry to say I do not know anything about the structure SSE of Ramgahr. I'll discuss the matter with Dr. Milton and perhaps he could visit the area in connection with our anticipated last visit to Lonar (October or November 1973)? In regard to Professor Fuller I have followed your advise and written D. G. (copy enclosed) requesting permission for him to visit Lonar. However, his schedule has been moved up and he will be leaving Tokyo for Cairo in mid September so his visit to Calcutta and Lonar would have to be at the end of September, which is before Mr. Dube's return and also too early for me and Dr. Milton. I hope it can still be arranged and I shall much appreciate your help and advise. With my and my wife's warmest personal regards. Sincerely, Kurt Fredriksson Geochemist Division of Meteorites Enclosures
June 28, 1973 Mr. R.K. Sundaram Director, International Wing Geological Survey of India 27 Jawaharlal Nehru Road Calcutta 13, India Dear Mr. Sundaram: It has been a long time since I heard anything about our [[strikethrough]]lu[[/strikethrough]] ^[[Lo]]nar project. I sent the requested cable assuring hard currency support for Mr. Dube in addition to previous letters and our co-signed agreement. Would you please inform me about current status of the project and the plans of your Director General in this regard. I just received a letter from Mr. Dube saying that his personal affairs are settled and that he should be ready to come if his permission can be obtained. Anyhow, the joint paper on Lonar finally appeared and it is my pleasure to enclose a few reprints. I'm mailing out some 200 all over the world and I'll provide a copy of my mailing list plus more reprints if you wish. Also, Dr. M. Fuller of the University of Pittsburg, well known for his work on magnetism recently visited here and took a great interest in Lonar. I gave him a few basalt samples for a preliminary study of their magnetic properties. He will be passing through India in October and would very much like to see the crater if this is aggreeable to you and the GSI. Possibly I would also accompany him, depending on the progress of our laboratory work. I'm enclosing a brief bio-bibiliography for Dr. Fuller and hope that his visit (and mine) is acceptable and may coincide with the last drillings at Lonar. Also, if possible, a direct letter of invitation to Dr. Fuller would be helpful and greatly appreciated. His address is Professor M. Fuller, Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, 506 Langley Hall, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, U.S.A. Please accept my and my wife's warmest regards and best wishes. Sincerely, Kurt Fredricksson Geochemist Division of Meteorites KF/st
[[image - preprinted seal with "BRITISH MUSEUM" along top edge and "NATURAL HISTORY" along bottom edge]] [[preprinted]]BRITISH MUSEUM (NATURAL HISTORY) DEPARTMENT OF MINERALOGY Cromwell Road, London S.W.7 Telegrams: Nathismus Southkens London Telephone: KENsington 6323[[/preprinted]] June 4 '73. Dear George, I hear from Bill that you are editing the Magnum Opus mark II from the department. As his letter came sea mail I have only just received it. How do you want the diagrams? I have drawn them so I can do 11" x 8" glossies if you would prefer these to my best pencil work. When do you expect to get it out? I have already a slightly amended manuscript (I forgot Cao in the table!) How is Washington? No doubt beginning to warm up. London is treating us well. Except for the density of population we are coming back to the English way of living fairly painlessly. I heard from Brian that you may be travelling to S.A. via London. If so you should allow some time for us to meet again. Bob F. evidently has plans of visiting us as he sent a "Home Brewing made Easy for Better Beer" to us. It was dispatched on April 1st, or Friday 13th of some month so he may be thinking of Helen's insides but I doubt it. We are both well despite the National Health Service fatiguing Helen.
We are off to Davos for the Meteoritical bun fight and return to London on September 3rd. Hope you do not get hijacked by African nationalists. All the best Andrew.
November 14, 1972 The [[underlined]] American [[/underlined]] Embassy Shanti Path, Chanakyapuri 21 New Delhi, [[underlined]] India [[/underlined]] To whom it may concern: The attached check for Rs 1975.83 is refund on unused travel advances under the following Travel Authorizations: Smithsonian #1305, April 12, 1971 (Rs 1029.25) and #176, March 6, 1972 (Rs 946.58) both under appropriation 33X0102. I would appreciate it very much if the receipt could be acknowledged in a letter to Mr. A. S. Goff, Smithsonian Institution, Accounting Division, Washington, D. C. 20560, with a copy to me. Sincerely yours, Kurt Fredriksson Geochemist Division of Meteorites cc: Mr. A. S. Goff KF/cb
October 6, 1972 AIRMAIL M. S. Balasundaram Geological Survey of India 27 Jawaharlal Nehru Road Calcutta 13, India Dear Mr. Balasundaram: Thank you for your gracious letter of September 21. May I again say that it was a great pleasure to meet with you and Mr. Sundaram and to cooperate on the Lonar paper and then especially to have you both here in Washington. I'm delighted to learn that the areal photos have been released. I discussed the detailed requirements for prints with Mr. Dube and I'm sure he remembers which frames to use etc. Our paper has been reviewed by the USGS people and official approval should be at hand within days. I'll then personally take the package to one of the Science editors and I hope they will accept the paper as well as the areal photo. I shall let you know the outcome as soon as possible. Until then, please accept my warmest personal regards. Sincerely yours, Kurt Fredriksson Geochemist Department of Mineral Sciences ^[[KF/rr]]
[[image - oval seal with "GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF INDIA" and "भारतीय भूवैज्ञानिक सर्वेक्षण" along the top edge, a three headed lion (Emblem of India) with crossed rock hammers in the center]] GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF INDIA CABLE: 'GEOSURVEY, CALCUTTA TELEPHONE: 23-5351-58 27 JAWAHARLAL NEHRU ROAD CALCUTTA-13 (INDIA) ^[[6359k]] REFERENCE NO. ^[[5/71/IW]] DATED: THE September 21, 1972 Dear Dr. Fredriksson, Myself and Sundaram returned to Calcutta on the 18th evening after a brief stay at New York and London en route. I am taking the earliest opportunity of conveying my sincere thanks to Mrs. Fredriksson and yourself for the excellent lunch (Part^[[l]]y Indian) and all help and courtesies extended to us. I have already written to Mr. Challinor thanking him for the lunch. I would also like to thank your friend, Mr. Joseph Nelan (Joe) for the ride from airport and for his enjoyable company on the evening of our arrival in Washington. I have conveyed to Dr. MVN Murthy and A. Dube as to how our paper was received at the session in Montreal and about the future programme of work. I am glad to inform you that I now have the clearance from all concerned to reproduce the air photo of the Lonar Lake. Copies are being made. I shall mail them very soon. About the colour photo on Lonar some more editing is necessary. On completion I shall write to you so that it can be made into a talkie as well. With best wishes, Yours sincerely, ^[[MS.Balasundaram]] (M.S. Balasundaram) Dr. Kurt Fredriksson Curator Meteorite Division Smithsonian Institution Washington D.C. 20560 U.S.A.
[[two dark purple postage stamps with three headed lion in the middle (Emblem of India), "15 पै." in the upper left corner, "भारत" on the top middle, "15 P." in the upper right corner, "INDIA" on the left edge, "SERVICE" on the left edge, "शासकीय" on the bottom edge]] [[brown postage stamp with three headed lion in the middle (Emblem of India), "50 पै." in the upper left corner, "भारत" on the top middle, "50 P." in the upper right corner, "INDIA" on the left edge, "SERVICE" on the left edge, "शासकीय" on the bottom edge]] [[green postage stamp with three headed lion in the middle (Emblem of India), "5 पै." in the upper left corner, "भारत" on the top middle, "5 P." in the upper right corner, "INDIA" on the left edge, "SERVICE" on the left edge, "शासकीय" on the bottom edge]] [[green postage stamp with three headed lion in the middle (Emblem of India), "5 पै." in the upper left corner, "भारत INDIA" on the top middle, "5 P." in the upper right corner, "शरणार्थी राहायता" on the left edge, "REFUGEE RELIEF" on the left edge, "शासकीय SERVICE" on the bottom edge]] BY AIR MAIL "PAR AVION" हवाई पत्र ^[[6359k/-]] AEROGRAMME NO ENCLOSURES ALLOWED Dr. Kurt Fredriksson Curator Meteorite Division Smithsonian Institution Washington D.C. 20560 U.S.A. Sender's Name and Address: M.S. Balasudaram Director General Geological Survey of India 27 J.N. Road Calcutta 13 India
August 1, 1972 Dr. N. Bhandari Tata Institute of Fundamental Research Colaba, Bombay 5 India Dear Dr. Bhandari: The chemical analysis of the Ucera (Caserio Ucera) meteorite is included in our paper on Lost City. A reprint is enclosed. With best regards. Sincerely yours, Roy S. Clarke, Jr. Curator Division of Meteorites Enclosure RSC/rr
TATA INSTITUTE OF FUNDAMENTAL RESEARCH COLABA, BOMBAY 5 Telegram: ZETESIS Telephone: 213141 July 26, 1972 Dr Roy C. Clarke Jr. Smithsonian Institution Division of Meteorites [[underlined]]WASHINGTON D.C.[[/underlined]] Dear Dr Clarke, Recently we have done some work on Cosmic Ray produced isotopes in Caserio Ucera meteorite. I wonder if you know of some publication where I could find its chemical composition. May be Dr E. Jarosewich has also examined it. I shall very much appreciate if you could kindly help me in this matter. With best regards, Sincerely yours, ^[[N. Bhandari]] (N. Bhandari) NB:mam 26.7.72
[[blue air mail envelope]] BY AIR MAIL हवाई पत्र [[circular red stamp with "BOMBAY G.P.O. 27VII72 T.I.F.R.B-659" on it]] [[red postage stamp with "INDIA POSTAGE" on the top edge, "R RUPEE" in the lower left and right corners, "0.10" in the bottom middle, a circular [[wheel?]] in the middle]] [[red postage stamp with "INDIA POSTAGE" on the top edge, "R RUPEE" in the lower left and right corners, "0.75" in the bottom middle, a circular [[wheel?]] in the middle]] [[red postage stamp with "भारत INDIA" on the top edge, "5 पै. P." in the upper left corner, "शरणार्थी राहायता" "REFUGEE RELIEF" on the bottom edge, a drawing of a group of people carrying various items on their heads/backs in the middle]] Dr Roy. C. Clarke Jr. Smithsonian Institution Division of Meteorites ^[[(National Museum of Natural History)]] [[underlined]]WASHINGTON D.C.[[/underlined]] ^[[U.S.A.]] भेजने वाले का नाम और पता :- Sender's Name and Address :- TATA INSTITUTE OF FUNDAMENTAL RESEARCH HOMI BHABHA ROAD, BOMBAY 5.
Dube, A. - separate file - India
INDIAN INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY KANPUR IIT POST OFFICE, KANPUR-16, INDIA Professor P.S. Goel DEPARTMENT OF CHEMISTRY ^[[Send draft copy of Brian's list.]] Chem/PSG/ October 30, 1972 ^[[Mong Nong tektite slice?]] ^[[2 tektite falls, at least 4 samples from each]] Dr. Brain Mason Smithsonian Institution Washington, D.C. 20560 U.S.A. Dear Dr. Mason: I wrote to you a letter on September 5, 1972 requesting for some meteorite samples. I am enclosing the letter in case it did not reach you. We are in pressing need for more meteorite samples right now. I understand you have prepared a sample of All[[strikethrough]]a[[/strikethrough]]^[[e]]nde meteorite for distribution as a refrence standard. I wonder if you could send us 0.5 g of this material also. With best regards, Yours sincerely, ^[[PS Goel]] P.S. Goel Head, Chemistry Dept. Encl. ^[[Falls- Any L3, M3, or L4, M4 --gram amounts.]]
Chem/PSG/ ^[[148]] September 5, 1972 Dr. Brain Mason Smithsonian Institution Washington, DC 20560 U.S.A. Dear Dr. Mason: Enclosed is another list of meteorites, mostly irons, from which we would very much like to have samples. We are already having about 16 samples (mostly stones) from you. Most of these are under investigation at present. As you may be well aware, Carleton Moore's group has measured nitrogen in a large number of irons. They took [[underlined]]milled[[/underlined]] samples for study. We have seen very wide variations in nitrogen concentrations even in adjacent pieces of the same iron meteorite. This interesting information is lost in the technique of the earlier workers. It is therefore necessary to examine a number of iron meteorites with the new technique with a hope to find some meaningful correlation among various classes. It is with this view that I am requesting you to send us these samples. Moreover, we get this valuable data with only marginal additional inputs in terms of costs and efforts. Myself and my students will be highly grateful to you for your encouragement and support. For customs purposes kindly mark "No Commercial Value", "Meteorite Sample", "Free Gift" etc. If convenient, you may kindly send us samples in small batches, as these get ready. With best regards, Sincerely yours, ^[[PS Goel]] P.S. Goel Encl. list of meteorites
List of Meteorite Samples Required Sl.No| Name | Classification | Sample Required (in g) |Optimal|Minimal _________________________________________________________ 1. Antofagask Pallasite 10 2 2. Arispe Og 10 5 3. Bolivia Ogg 10 5 4. Casas Grandes Om 10 5 5. El Bruno Hexahedrite 10 5 6. Four Corners Octahedrite 10 5 (Brecciated) 7. Grant Of 10 5 8. Kendall County Hexahedrite 10 2 (Brecciated) 9. Linwood Og (with silicate 10 5 inclusions) 10. Loreto Om or Ogg 10 5 11. Mejillones(1905) Nickel-poor Ataxite 10 5 12. Owen's Valley Og 10 5 13. Perryville Off 5 2 14. Persimmon Creek Off(Granular) 5 2 15. Pitts Octahedrite with 2 1 Silicate inclusions 16. Puripica Hexahedrite 5 2 17. Santa Rosa Nickel-Poor Ataxite 5 2 18. Sardis Og 10 5 19. Sierra Gorda Hexahedrite 10 5 20. Thiel Mountains Pallasite 10 5 21. Tombigbee River Nickel-poor Ataxite 5 2 22. Tucson Nickel-Rich Ataxite 10 5 23. Woodbine Octahedrite with 10 5 silicate
INDIAN INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY KANPUR II T POST OFFICE, KANPUR-16, INDIA DEPARTMENT OF CHEMISTRY Chem/PSG/^[[140]] September 5, 1972 Dr. Brain Mason Smithsonian Institution Washington, DC 20560 U.S.A. Dear Dr. Mason: Enclosed is another list of meteorites, mostly irons, from which we would very much like to have samples. We are already having about 16 samples (mostly stones) from you. Most of these are under investigation at present. As you may be well aware, Carleton Moore's group has measured nitrogen in a large number of irons. They took [[underlined]]milled[[/underlined]] samples for study. We have seen very wide variations in nitrogen concentrations even in adjacent pieces of the same iron meteorite. This interesting information is lost in the technique of the earlier workers. It is therefore necessary to examine a number of iron meteorites with the new technique with a hope to find some meaningful correlation among various classes. It is with this view that I am requesting you to send us these samples. Moreover, we get this valuable data with only marginal additional inputs in terms of costs and efforts. Myself and my students will be highly grateful to you for your encouragement and support. For customs purposes kindly mark "No Commercial Value", "Meteorite Sample", "Free Gift" etc. If convenient, you may kindly send us samples in small batches, as these get ready. With best regards, Sincerely yours, ^[[PSGoel]] P.S. Goel Head, Dept. of Chemistry Encl. list of meteorites
[[underlined]]List of Meteorite Samples Required[[/underlined]] Sl.No| Name | Classification | Sample Required (in g) |Optimal|Minimal _________________________________________________________ 1. Antofagask Pallasite 10 2 2. Arispe Og 10 5 3. Bolivia Ogg 10 5 4. Casas Grandes Om 10 5 5. El Bruno Hexahedrite 10 5 6. Four Corners Octahedrite 10 5 (Brecciated) 7. Grant Of 10 5 8. Kendall County Hexahedrite 10 2 (Brecciated) 9. Linwood Og (with silicate 10 5 inclusions) 10. Loreto Om or Ogg 10 5 11. Mejillones(1905) Nickel-poor Ataxite 10 5 12. Owen's Valley Og 10 5 13. Perryville Off 5 2 14. Persimmon Creek Off(Grranular) 5 2 15. Pitts Octahedrite with 2 1 Silicate inclusions 16. Puripica Hexahedrite 5 2 17. Santa Rosa Nickel-Poor Ataxite 5 2 18. Sardis Og 10 5 19. Sierra Gorda Hexahedrite 10 5 20. Thiel Mountains Pallasite 10 5 21. Tombigbee River Nickel-poor 5 2 Ataxite 22. Tucson Nickel-Rich 10 5 Ataxite 23. Woodbine Octahedrite with 10 5 silicate ___________________ Dr. P.S Goel Department of Chemistry Indian Institute of Technology KANPUR
AIRMAIL Professor P. S. Goel Department of Chemistry Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur 11T Post Office Kanpur-16, India Dear Professor Goel: Dr. Mason has passed on to me your request for meteorites of May 16, 1972. Most of the specimens you requested are being sent to you under separate cover. We are, however, unable at this time to send you specimens of Florence, Brenham, Mount Vernon, Norfork and Helt Township. We have large quantities of both Brenham and Mount Vernon, but all of this material that we can get to easily is badly weathered and unsuitable for your use. The Center for Meteorite Studies in Tempe, Arizona, has much more of Norfork than we do. You might request this meteorite from Carleton Moore. Why do you want Helt Township? There is reason to believe that it is just a small transported Canyon Diablo specimen. When you receive the package please sign, date and return the white copy of the enclosed shipping papers for our records. Sincerely yours, Roy S. Clarke, Jr. Curator Division of Meteorites Enclosures ^[[background to D R]] ROYSCLARKE,JR/rr June 9, 1972
Lal, D - separate file (India)
November 14, 1972 AIRMAIL Mr. Wayne A. Mills c/o Scientific Attache American Embassy Chanakyapuri New Delhi-21, India Dear Wayne: Thanks for the photo copy of the article on cosmic bullets. It appears as if our investigations with the Geological Survey of India have caused quite an impact! I am particularly pleased, considering U.S., "popularity", that we (the Smithsonian) are being acknowledged as cooperating. Hopefully this trend will continue, don't you agree? I am just finishing up last-minute details for presenting the movie and giving a talk again on Lonar at the Meteoritical Society Meeting in Chicago. Unfortunately, I'm having a little trouble with the paper submitted to Science, but most problems are communication. I'll send along a copy when it is in acceptable form. All the best, Kurt Fredriksson Geochemist Department of Mineral Sciences KF/rr
October 10, 1972 AIRMAIL M. V. N. Murthy Petrology Division Geological Survey of India 27 Jawaharlal Nehru Road Calcutta 13, India Dear Dr. Murthy: Thank you for your letter of August 23, 1972, and excuse the delay in answering. However, I just received one set of the negatives you required back from Australia. I'm returning these negatives plus a "Panorama" (unfortunately badly mauled in the mail) today, but because I just had a letter from Mr. Sundaram telling about your transfer to Hyderabad. I'm sending the material in care of Mr. Dube. In spite of your transfer I hope we will still be able to meet again soon; I expect to be in India around January - 73. Until then accept my most sincere and personal regards. Cordially yours, Kurt Fredriksson Geochemist Department of Mineral Science KF/rr
GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF INDIA CABLE: 'GEOSURVEY, CALCUTTA TELEPHONE: 23-5351-58 27. JAWAHARLAL NEHRU ROAD CALCUTTA-13 (INDIA) REFERENCE NO. ^[[66906/43B/72/36-Pet]] DATED: THE ^[[23.8.72]]19 M V N Murthy, Director Petrology Division Dear Dr. Fredriksson I understand that a set of negatives were sent to you by Mr. A. Dube for the preparation of panorama of Lonar crater for the paper "Lonar lake, India, an impact crater in basalt" by yourself, A. Dube, D. Milton and M.S. Balasundaram. As a panorama of the crater is now required by us for exhibition purposes I would very much appreciate if you could kindly arrange to send the negatives showing the complete panorama which [[strikethrough]]m[[/strikethrough]] you may have prepared for the above paper. With kind regards, Yours sincerely, ^[[M V N Murthy 22.8.72]] (M V N Murthy) Dr. Kurt Fredriksson Geochemist Division of Meteorites Smithsonian Institution Washington, D.C. [[strikethrough]]20060[[/strikethrough]] ^[[20560]] [[underlined]]U. S. A.[[/underlined]]
BY AIR MAIL "PAR AVION" ^[[ [[E?]] 690b/]] हवाई पत्र AEROGRAMME NO ENCLOSURES ALLOWED ^[[0-85t05]] [[green postage stamp with three headed lion in the middle (Emblem of India), "5 पै." in the upper left corner, "भारत INDIA" on the top middle, "5 P." in the upper right corner, "शरणार्थी राहायता" on the left edge, "REFUGEE RELIEF" on the left edge, "शासकीय SERVICE" on the bottom edge]] [[brown postage stamp with three headed lion in the middle (Emblem of India), "50 पै." in the upper left corner, "भारत" on the top middle, "50 P." in the upper right corner, "INDIA" on the left edge, "SERVICE" on the left edge, "शासकीय" on the bottom edge]] [[three dark green postage stamps with three headed lion in the middle (Emblem of India), "10 पै." in the upper left corner, "भारत" on the top middle, "10 P." in the upper right corner, "INDIA" on the left edge, "SERVICE" on the left edge, "शासकीय" on the bottom edge]] [[green postage stamp with three headed lion in the middle (Emblem of India), "5 पै." in the upper left corner, "भारत" on the top middle, "5 P." in the upper right corner, "INDIA" on the left edge, "SERVICE" on the left edge, "शासकीय" on the bottom edge]] ^[[Dr. Kurt Fredriksson Geochemist, Div. of Meteorites Smithsonian Institution Washington, D.C. 20560 [[underlined]]U.S.A.[[/underlined]] ]] Sender's name and Address : [[? Deapatche?]] Geological Survey of India 27, Chowringhee Road Calcutta-13
^[[ [[underlined]]File[[/underlined]] ]] TATA INSTITUTE OF FUNDAMENTAL RESEARCH National Centre of the Government of India for Nuclear Science and Mathematics Telegrams: ZETESIS HOMI BHABHA ROAD, BOMBAY 5. Telephone: [[strikethrough]]213141[[/strikethrough]] 21 91 11 December 21, 1972 Dr R.S. Clarke U.S. National Museum Washington D.C. [[underlined]]U.S.A.[[/underlined]] Dear Dr Clarke, Greetings for X-mas and a happy new year. I am sending a photograph of the Reynolds - type 4.5" -60° sector rare-gas machine completely made in Tata Institute of Fundamental Research. We took 3 years to build it. This machine can well resolve the Xenon peaks and has a sensitivity of 1x10‾¹³ CC STP Xe¹³⁰/mV. We get a vacuum of 5x10‾¹⁰ Torr. We have finished the analysis of some local meteorites for Ne, Ar, Kr, and Xe analysis. We are mounting now the sample sent by you, 2 years ago. Please keep me on your mailing list. With best regards, Yours sincerely, ^[[Rao [[underlined]]M.N.[[/underlined]] ]] (M.N. Rao) MNR.mam.21.12.72
Chatterjee, P.K. separate file (India)
Dube, A. - separate file - India
April 26, 1971 AIRMAIL Professor B. C. Haldar Inorganic and Nuclear Chemistry Laboratory Institute of Science Madam Cama Road Bombay-32, India Dear Prof. Haldar: Your letter of April 12, 1971 addressed to Dr. Brian Mason has been referred to me for reply. There is an excellent meteorite collection in Calcutta that you should approach before coming to us for material to support your research. I would suggest that you direct your inquiry to the Director, The Geological Survey of India, 27 Chowringhee Road, Calcutta 13. They should be able to help you with your research needs. Sincerely yours, Roy S. Clarke, Jr. Curator Division of Meteorites RSC/rr
INORGANIC AND NUCLEAR CHEMISTRY LABORATORY INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE, Madam Cama Road, BOMBAY-32, INDIA. Residence: 256109 Tel. No.: Office: 257753 Prof. B.C. Haldar, Director Date April 12, 1971. Dr. Brian Mason, Curator of Mineralogy, U.S. National Museum Washington, D.C., [[underlined]]U.S.A.[[/underlined]] Dear Dr. Mason, We have been working in this laboratory for some time on determination of major, minor and trace elements in various natural substances by the method of neutron activation analysis. We have determined several elements like Na, K, P, S, Si, Mo, W, Re, Mn, Cu, Mg, Ca, Re, Fe, Ni, Hg, Se, Zn etc. in various materials like steels, biological and plant materials and Indian ores. We are desirous of extending these methods to analysis of meteorites and similar geological specimens. In this connection, we would like to request you to spare us some meteorite samples if it is possible. We are not in a position to exchange similar specimens with you, but would be grateful if you can donate some specimens to us. If any expenditure is involved in this transaction, we would be willing to bear it. With best wishes, Sincerely yours, ^[[B.C. Haldar]] (B.C. Haldar)
Lal, D - separate file (India)
May 3, 1971 AIRMAIL Dr. V.K. Nayak Center of Advanced Research in Geology University of Saugar P.O. Saugar (M.P.), India Dear Dr. Nayak: Thank you for your letter of April 22, and the analytical data on the possible meteorite. It is, however, not feasible to classify a meteorite solely on chemical data. It is essential to identify and if possible determine the composition of the minerals present, and preferable also examine the structure microscopically. If you will send me a sample of the material I shall be glad to do this for you. At the same time I would like you to give us as much information as possible on locality of fall, time of fall, amount of material, etc., so that it can be adequately recorded. With best regards. Sincerely yours, Brian Mason Chairman Department of Mineral Sciences cc: R.S. Clarke BM/rr
November 8, 1971 AIRMAIL Dr. T. V. Viswanathan Geological Survey of India 27 Jawaharlal Nehru Road Calcutta 13, India Dear. Dr. Viswanathan: I have read with much interest and appreciation the recent publication by you and your colleagues on the Sitathali meteorite. I am particularly interested in your discussion of the discrepancies between between the chemical analysis and the mineralogical composition of this meteorite. An analysis which I made in 1968 largely resolves these discrepancies. In view of this I have prepared the enclosed manuscript, which I propose to submit for publication in the Mineralogical Magazine. I hope you have no objections. Before doing so, however, I would welcome any comments or suggestions from you or your coauthors. Sincerely yours, Eugene Jarosewich Chemist Department of Mineral Sciences cc: A. Dube EJ/rr
January 19, 1971 AIRMAIL Your ref.: 240k/137(II)1921/46A Mr. R.K. Sundaram Director, International Wing Geological Survey of India 27 Jawaharlal Nehru Road Calcutta 13, India Dear Mr. Sundaram: Thank you for your letter of January 14, 1971. Dr. Fredriksson is in Houston, Texas; however, I read your letter to him over the phone and he was happy to have such a prompt reply from his letter to Mr. V. Venkatesh. However, Dr. Fredriksson asked me to take the liberty to send you a copy of the recent letter addressed to you (Jan. 5, 1971). From your answer to the above stated letter, it is obvious you have not received this letter. As you can see, he is very anxious to get clearance from your office for Drs. Milton and Svensson, as soon as possible. Dr. Fredriksson is in daily contact with his office, here in Washington, and will be eagerly awaiting your reply. Thank you for your close cooperation in this matter. Sincerely yours, Ruth. B. Rogers Secretary Division of Meteorites Enclosure RR
December 16, 1970 AIRMAIL The American Embassy Shanti Path, Chanakyapuri 21 New Delhi, India To whom it may concern: The attached check for Rs 680.00 (U.S. $89.45) is refund on travel advances under the following Travel Authorization: #984 (Smithsonian U.S. $1944.00 in Indian Rs); appropriation 33x0102 (Activity chargeable: 3x0102-A40-6130-00-410-2). I would much appreciate it if the receipt could be acknowledged in a letter to Mrs. Audrey Burrows, Smithsonian Institution, Fiscal Division, Washington, D.C. 20560, with a copy to me. Sincerely yours, Kurt Fredriksson Geochemist Division of Meteorites Attachment KF/rr
Chatterjee, P.K. separate file (India)
Dube, A. - separate file - India
February 4, 1970 AIRMAIL Dr. S.P. Das Gupta Geological Survey of India Petrology Division, SR 5-5-449, Mukaramjahi Road Hyderabad 1, A.P., India Dear Dr. Das Gupta: Thank you for your letter of January 28. I am interested to learn that you would like an opportunity to do research work at Smithsonian Institution on meteorites. The Smithsonian Institution has a program of postdoctoral research fellowships, which are awarded for one year terms. These fellowships pay a stipend of $9,500, supplemented by allowances for research expenses, dependents, and travel, and are offered on a conpetitive basis. Applications for the year beginning July 1, 1970 have already closed. The deadline for applications for the year beginning July 1, 1971 is December 31, 1970. I shall ask our Office of Academic Programs to send you the necessary forms and information. With best regards. Sincerely yours, Brian Mason Chairman Department of Mineral Sciences cc: Office of Academic Programs
Lal, D - separate file (India)
September 22, 1970 Dr. R.M. Lindstrom Tata Institute of Fundamenta Research Homi Chabha Road Bombay 5, India Dear Dr. Lindstrom: Attached is the table giving the results of the chemical composition of the Ucera meteorite which you requested in your letter. Also, I am enclosing a copy of the report by the Smithsonian Institution's Center for Short-Lived Phenomena with information about the fall and recovery of this meteorite. Mr. R. Clarke informs me that Dr. Eduardo Vaz, Laboratory of Nuclear Geology Caracas, Venezuela, published a short paper on the fall and recovery of the Ucera meteorite. Unfortunately, we do not have a copy of this paper yet. We, at the Smithsonian, are contemplating a general description of this meteorite with the chemical and microprobe data. Sincerely yours, Eugene Jarosewich Chemist Department of Mineral Sciences Enclosures EJ/rr
March 11, 1970 AIRMAIL Dr. R.S. Rajan Tata Institute of Fundamental Research Colaba, Bombay 5 India Ref: TFR/GP/RSR/ Dear Dr. Rajan: The Allende meteorite report that you requested is enclosed. Please note that this is a preliminary report. An enlarged manuscript is in the final stages of preparation and will be submitted to the Smithsonian Institution Press for publication soon. With best regards. Sincerely yours, Roy S. Clarke, Jr. Associate Curator Division of Meteories Enclosure
TATA INSTITUTE OF FUNDAMENTAL RESEARCH Telegrams: ZETESIS COLABA, BOMBAY 5 Telephone: 213141 Ref: TFR/GP/RSR/ February 24, 1970 Dear Dr Clarke Jr, I will be very grateful if I can have a copy of your paper 'The Allende Meteorite', as well as any other later papers which you may have^[[,]] on the same topic. With best regards, Yours sincerely, ^[[R. Rajan]] (R.S. Rajan) Dr R.S. Clarke Jr. Smithsonian Institution [[underlined]]WASHINGTON D.C. 20560[[/underlined]] [[underlined]]U.S.A.[[/underlined]] RSR/ns.24.2.70
[[blue air mail envelope]] BY AIR MAIL हवाई पत्र [[circular red stamp]] BOMBAY 25 II 70 T.I.F.R.B-435 [[/circular red stamp]] [[red postage stamp]] Dr R.S. Clarke Jr. Smithsonian Institution [[underlined]]WASHINGTON D.C. 20560[[/underlined]] U.S.A [[circular red stamp]] BOMBAY 25 II 70 T.I.F.R.B-435 [[/circular red stamp]] [[red postage stamp]] भेजने वाले का नाम और पता Sender's Name and Address TATA INSTITUTE OF FUNDAMENTAL RESEARCH HOMI BHABHA ROAD BOMBAY 5. A ROCKET Product
March 11, 1970 AIRMAIL Mr. R. K. Sundaram, Director International Wing Geological Survey of India 27 Jawaharlal Nehru Road Calcutta -13, India Your Ref: 33/137/11/1921/46 Dear Sir: Thank you for your kind and encouring letter of February 17. Thank you also for the valuable suggestions. Shortly before receiving your communication I had scheduled a visit to India for April, and my schedule is now such that I will be in Calcutta, April 6-7 en route to New Dalhi and Bombay. I would be very happy if you could find time to see me so that we may discuss the possibility of a visit to the Lonar crater and/or any further participation you and your colleagues may find desirable. Would it also be possible to arrange, through your good office, an audience with the Director General, Mr. Balasundaram, whom I had the pleasure to meet once in Nagpur. If there should be an interest, I would be willing to give a seminar on our recently completed studies of Apollo 11 materials, for the Geology Club which I had the honor to address once before. The title could be "Mineralogy petrology and origin of the Moon". I am looking forward with great pleasure to be in India again and to make your personal acquaintance. I will be leaving Washington in a few days for California but shall be in contact with my office until March 27. Sincerely yours, Kurt Fredriksson Curator Division of Meteorites