Joseph Henry's Daily Journal, 1865

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Joseph Henry used this daily journal for 1865 to keep track of events and work at the Smithsonian. Most of the days have entries, though some do not. Henry writes about the fire in the Castle on January 24, 1865, and many of his subsequent entries deal with activities of the Institution in the wake of the fire. The journal also contains notes on preparing reports and sketches of the Smithsonian's activities, people moving offices, looking over accounts, and correspondence. He also makes mention of President Lincoln's assassination. The journal also contains small notes about weather and other topics that Henry was interested in, such as fog signals.


  • Lincoln, Abraham 1809-1865
  • Smithsonian Institution
  • Smithsonian Institution Building (Washington, D.C.)
  • Smithsonian Institution Building Early History
  • Smithsonian Institution General History


Historic Images of the Smithsonian


  • Joseph Henry was the first Secretary of the Smithsonian, and he served in this position from 1846 to 1878.
  • For more notebooks with similar material, see SIA2013-06853 to SIA2013-06897; SIA2013-06738 to SIA2013-06817; SIA2013-06685 to SIA2013-06693; SIA2013-06818 to SIA2013-06852; SIA2013-06694 to SIA2013-06739.

Contained within

Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7001, Box 14, Folder: 6

Contact information

Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, SW, Washington, D.C. 20024-2520,



Restrictions & Rights

No restrictions


  • Weather
  • Diaries
  • Fire of 1865
  • Secretaries
  • Fire, Accidents
  • Fire
  • Notebooks
  • Meteorology
  • Fires


  • Paper
  • Document

ID Number

SIA2013-06898 to SIA2013-07093

Physical description

Number of Images: 196; Color: Color; Size: Example: 7w x 8h; Type of Image: Document; Medium: Paper

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[[Front Cover]] [[preprinted]] DAILY JOURNAL for 1865 [[/preprinted]]
[[Blank Page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] [[underlined]] Si [[/underlined]] [[Ahi?]]
A Daily Journal for 1865. Containing a Blank Page for Every Day in the Year, RATES OF POSTAGE, STAMP DUTIES, &C. Published Annually FOR THE TRADE. 1865.
[[preprinted]] A TABLE OF STAMP DUTIES, As Amended March 3, 1863. AGREEMENT, CONTRACT, or APPRAISEMENT,not otherwise specified, each sheet................. 5 BANK CHECK, DRAFT, or ORDER FOR MONEY, payable at sight of on demand, over $20....... 2 BILL OF SALE OF VESSEL, consideration not over $500.............. 25 Over $500, not over $1,000... 50 For every additional $1,000, or part thereof, 50 cents more. BILL OF LADING,or Receipt for any goods for foreign export,(except to British North America,)...................... 10 BOND for the performance of the duties of office, or of indemnity for the payment of money..... 50 BONDS, other than in legal proceedings................ 25 CERTIFICATE OF STOCK, in incorporated company............... 25 CERTIFICATE OF PROFITS, in incorporated company, if for $10, not over $50........... 10 Exceeding $50............... 25 CERTIFICATE OF DAMAGE, and all Certificates issued by any port warden or marine surveyor 25 CERTIFICATE OF DEPOSIT, for $100 or less............... 2 Over $100............... 5 (Certificate of measurement or weight of animals, wood, coal, or other articles, Certificate of Record of Deed, or acknowledgement thereof, by attesting witness, require no stamp.) CERTIFICATE, of any description not specified above............... 5 CHARTER PARTY, of vessel or steamer not over 150 tons............ 1 00 Over 150, not over 300 tons... 3 00 Over 300, not over 600 tons... 5 00 Over 600 tons................. 10 00 CONTRACT, Broker's note, or memorandum of sale of property, (except coin,)issued by Brokers............... 10 CONTRACT, (continued.) For sale of Coin or loan on same, (of over 3 days, or renewal of shorter loan,) or of money or currency secured by pledge or deposit of gold or silver coin, shall be in writing, and have stamps equal in amount to 1-2 per cent., and interest at 6 per cent. on amount so loaned. DEED, or CONVEYANCE OF REAL ESTATE. Where the value is over $100, not over $500............... 50 Over $500, not over $1,000.. 1 00 Over 1,000, not over 2,500.. 2 00 Over 2,500, not over 5,000.. 5 00 Over 5,000, not over 10,000.. 10 00 Over 10,000, not over 20,000.. 20 00 For every additional $10,000, or part thereof, $20 more. ENTRY OF GOODS, at any custom house, for consumption or warehousing, value not over $100, 25 Over $100, not over $500..... 50 Over 500..................... 1 00 FOREIGN BILL OF EXCHANGE, or LETTERS OF CREDIT. If in sets of three or more, each bill of each set, not over $150 3 Over $150, not over $250.... 5 Over 250, not over 500.... 10 Over 500, not over 1,000.... 15 Over 1,000, not over 1,500.... 20 Over 1,500, not over 2,250.... 30 Over 2,250, not over 3,500.... 50 Over 3,500, not over 5,000.... 70 Over 5,000, not over 7,500.... 1 00 For every additional $2,500, or part thereof, 30 cents more. INSURANCE, (Marine,Inland, and Fire). Each policy or renewal, (or assignment of same,) on which premium is $10 or less..... 10 Over $10............... 25 INSURANCE (Life) POLICY, (or assignment of do.) not over $1,000, 25 Over $1,000, not over $5,000.. 50 Over 5,000............... 1 00 LEASE, (or assignment of same,) of real estate, not over 3 years............... 50 Over 3 years...........1.00 LOTTERY TICKETS. -Each ticket, (whole or fractional,) retail price of which is $1 or less......... 50 Exceeding $1, for every dollar or part thereof, 50 cents more. MANIFEST, of vessel's cargo for foreign port, (except to British North America,) if registered tonnage is not over 300 tons... 1 00 Over 300, not over 600 tons... 3 00 Over 600 tons............... 5 00 MORTGAGE, or PERSONAL BOND for payment of any definite sum of money, upon every $200, or fractional part thereof..... 10 PASSAGE TICKET, to foreign port, (except British North America,) costing $30 or less.......... 50 Over $30............... 1 00 POWER OF ATTORNEY, to sell or transfer any scrip, or certificate of profits of any corporation or association, not exceeding $50............... 10 To sell or transfer any stock, bond, or scrip, or for the collection of interest or dividends thereon, (except as above,)............... 25 To collect rents............... 25 To vote by proxy for officers of any corporation or society, (except religious, charitable, literary societies, or public cemeteries,)............... 10 To sell or rent real estate, or to perform any other act not herein mentioned.......... 1 00 PROBATE OF WILL, or Letters of Administration, value of estate not over $2,500.......... 50 Over $2,500, not over $5,000 1 00 Over 5,000, not over 20,000 2 00 Over 20,000, not over 50,000 5 00 Over 50,000, not over 100,000 10 00 Over 100,000, not over 150,000 20 00 For every additional $50,000, or part thereof, $10 more. PROTEST, of note, check, draft, &c.......... 25 [[/preprinted]] [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]] TABLE OF STAMP DUTIES, Continued. TELEGRAPHIC DISPATCH, when charge for first ten words is 20 cents or less............... 1 When over 20 cents............. 3 WAREHOUSE RECEIPT, for property stored.......... 25 WITHDRAWAL from bonded warehouse............. 50 WRITS, or other original process, for beginning suits, (except before a Justice of the Peace, or commenced by the United States or any State,).......... 50 -- PROPRIETARY, Medicines, Perfumery, &c., each package retailed at not over 25 cents, 1 cent; over 25 and not over 50 cents, 2 cents; over 50 and not over 75 cents, 3 cents; over 75 cents and not over $1.00, 4 cents. Every additional 50 cents, or part thereof, 2 cents more. PLAYING CARDS, price not over 18 cents each pack, 1 cent; over 18 and not over 25 cents, 2 cents; over 25 and not over 30 cents, 3 cents; over 30 and not over 36 cents, 4 cents; over 36 cents, 5 cents. -- [[image - drawing of hand with pointed finger]] The indiscriminate use of all kinds of stamps (except postage or proprietary) is permitted, care being taken to affix a stamp or stamps of the proper amount. -- Documents made in any foreign country, to be used in the United States, shall pay the same duty as when made here. The party to whom the same is issued, or by whom it is used, shall affix thereon the proper stamp, before using. No deed, or mortgage of real estate, shall be required to pay a stamp duty of over $1,000 in any event. Powers of Attorney, or other papers relating to applications for bounties, arrearages of pay, or pensions, require no stamp: neither do warrants of attorney accompanying a bond or note when such bond or note shall be stamped; and whenever any bond or note shall be secured by mortgage, but one stamp duty is required, provided the stamp duty placed thereon is the highest rate required for said instrument, or either of them. No document signed or issued prior to June 1st, 1863, without being stamped, shall be invalid for that reason; but it shall not be admitted or used in any court until it shall have been stamped, and the initials of the person using, and the date when it is used, placed thereon. [[image]] A TABLE OF STAMP DUTIES ON Demand and Time Notes, INLAND BILLS OF EXCHANGE, ETC. [[image]] Amount | Demand or 30 Days | 60 Days | 4 months | 6 months | Over 6 months $20 to $200 | $0 01 | $0 02 | $0 03 | $0 04 | $0 06 | $0 10 200 to 400 | 0 02 | 0 04 | 0 06 | 0 08 | 0 12 | 0 20 400 to 600 | 0 03 | 0 06 | 0 09 | 0 12 | 0 18 | 0 30 600 to 800 | 0 04 | 0 08 | 0 12 | 0 16 | 0 24 | 0 40 800 to 1,000 | 0 05 | 0 10 | 0 15 | 0 20 | 0 30 | 0 40 1,000 to 1,200 | 0 06 | 0 12 | 0 18 | 0 25 | 0 36 | 0 60 1,200 to 1,400 | 0 07 | 0 14 | 0 21 | 0 28 | 0 42 | 0 70 1,400 to 1,600 | 0 08 | 0 16 | 0 24 | 0 32 | 0 48 | 0 80 1,600 to 1,800 | 0 09 | 0 18 | 0 27 | 0 36 | 0 54 | 0 90 1,800 to 2,000 | 0 10 | 0 20 | 0 30 | 0 40 | 0 60 | 1 00 2,000 to 2,200 | 0 11 | 0 22 | 0 33 | 0 44 | 0 66 | 1 10 2,200 to 2,400 | 0 12 | 0 24 | 0 36 | 0 48 | 0 72 | 1 20 2,400 to 2,600 | 0 13 | 0 26 | 0 39 | 0 52 | 0 78 | 1 30 2,600 to 2,800 | 0 14 | 0 28 | 0 42 | 0 56 | 0 84 | 1 40 2,800 to 3,000 | 0 15 | 0 30 | 0 45 | 0 60 | 0 90 | 1 50 3,000 to 3,200 | 0 16 | 0 32 | 0 48 | 0 64 | 0 96 | 1 60 3,200 to 3,400 | 0 17 | 0 34 | 0 51 | 0 68 | 1 02 | 1 70 3,400 to 3,600 | 0 18 | 0 36 | 0 54 | 0 72 | 1 08 | 1 80 3,600 to 3,800 | 0 19 | 0 38 | 0 57 | 0 76 | 1 14 | 1 90 3,800 to 4,000 | 0 20 | 0 40 | 0 60 | 0 80 | 1 20 | 2 00 4,000 to 4,200 | 0 21 | 0 42 | 0 63 | 0 84 | 1 26 | 2 10 4,200 to 4,400 | 0 22 | 0 44 | 0 66 | 0 88 | 1 32 | 2 20 4,400 to 4,600 | 0 23 | 0 46 | 0 69 | 0 92 | 1 38 | 2 30 4,600 to 4,800 | 0 24 | 0 48 | 0 72 | 0 96 | 1 44 | 2 40 4,800 to 5,000 | 0 25 | 0 50 | 0 75 | 1 00 | 1 50 | 2 50 Over $5,000, for each 200} | 0 01 | 0 02 | 0 03 | 0 04 | 0 06 | 0 10 [[/preprinted]]
[[preprinted]] COUNTING-HOUSE ALMANAC FOR 1865. Sund. Mond. Tues. Wedn. Thurs. Frid. Satur. January 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 February .................. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 March...................... 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 April........................................ 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 May........... 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 June........................... 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 July......................................... 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 August.............. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 September............................ 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 29 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 October 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 November................. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 December............................. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 ________________________________________________________________ Rates of Postage. ________________________________________________________________ Letters to any part of the United States, Three cents for each 1-2 ounce or part thereof. Drop Letters, Two cents. Advertised Letters, One cent, in addition to the regular rates. Valuable Letters may be registered on application at the office of mailing, and the payment of a registration fee not exceeding Twenty cents. Transient Newspapers, Periodicals, Pamphlets, Blanks, Proof Sheets, Book Manuscripts, and all mailable printed matter, (except circulars and books,) Two cents for each and every 4 ounces. Double those rates are charged for Books. Unsealed Circulars, (to one address,)not exceeding 3 in number, Two cents, and in the same proportion for a greater number. Seeds, Cutting, Roots &c., Two cents for each 4 ounces or less quantity. All Packages of Mail Matter not charged with letter postage must be so arranged that the same can be conveniently examined by the Postmasters; if not, letter postage will be charged. No Package will be forwarded by mail which weighs over 4 pounds. All Postage Matter, for delivery within the United States, must be Prepaid by stamps (except duly certified letters of soldiers and sailors), otherwise, double the above rates will be charged on delivery. Weekly Newspapers, (one copy only,) sent to actual Subscribers within the county where printed and published, Free. Letters to Canada and other British North American Provinces, when not over 3,000 miles, Ten cents for each 1-2 ounce. When over 3,000 miles, Fifteen cents. Prepayment optional. Letters to Great Britain or Ireland, Twenty-Four cents. Prepayment optional. Letters to France, Fifteen cents for each 1-4 ounce. Prepayment optional. Letters to other Foreign Countries vary in rate according to the route by which they are sent, and the proper information can be obtained of any Postmaster in the United States. [[/preprinted]] [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]] SUNDAY, JANUARY 1, 1865. [[/preprinted]] [[blank page]] [[end page]]
[[Preprinted]] MONDAY, JANUARY 2, 1865.[[/Preprinted]] Made the usual new-year calls to day on the secretaries for the first time since I came to Washington alone. Before this I have made them in company with Dr Bache who is now seeking in a foreign clime the restoration of that health which too intense devotion to his country has undermined. [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]] TUESDAY, JANUARY 3, 1865.[[/Preprinted]] Meeting of the New National Academy Professor Peirce was called to the chair or rather chosen temporary President.
Wednesday, January 4, 1865 [[this page left blank]] [[end page]] [[start page]] Thursday, January 5, 1865 [[this page left blank]] [[end page]]
Friday, January 6, 1865 [[this page left blank]] [[end page]] [[start page]] Saturday, January 7, 1865 [[this page left blank]] [[end page]]
Sunday, January 8, 1865. [[this page left blank]] [[end page]] [[start page]] Monday, January 9, 1865. [[this page left blank]] [[end page]]
[[preprinted]] Tuesday, January 10, 1865 [[/preprinted]] [[blank page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]] Wednesday, January 11, 1865 [[/preprinted]] [[blank page]]
[[preprinted]] Thursday, January 12, 1865 [[/preprinted]] [[blank page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]] Friday, January 13, 1865 [[/preprinted]] [[blank page]]
[[preprinted]] Saturday, January 14, 1865 [[/preprinted]] [[blank page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]] Sunday, January 15, 1865 [[/preprinted]] [[blank page]]
[[preprinted]] Monday, January 16, 1865 [[/preprinted]] [[blank page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]] Tuesday, January 17, 1865 [[/preprinted]] [[blank page]]
Wednesday, January 18, 1865 [[this page left blank]] [[end page]] [[start page]] Thursday, January 19, 1865 [[this page left blank]] [[end page]]
[[preprinted]] Friday, January 20, 1865. [[/preprinted]] [[blank page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]] Saturday, January 21, 1865. [[/preprinted]] [[blank page]]
[[preprinted]] Sunday, January 22, 1865. [[/preprinted]] [[blank page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]] Monday January 23, 1865. [[/preprinted]] [[blank page]]
[[Preprinted]] TUESDAY, JANUARY 24,1865. [[/Preprinted]] This day is an epoch in the history of the Inst. [[superscript]] n [[/superscript]]. at about half past two or between that and 3 o'clock a fire broke out in the [[cockloft?]] of the main building which destroyed the contents of the towers and of the rooms in the upper story of the main building. I was at the time engaged in the preparation of the annual report when I heard an unusual [[strikethrough]] fire [[/strikethrough]] ^noise above my head in the space between the cealing of the office and the roof this noise became more distinct in the form of a crackling. I rushed out into the narrow passage opened the upper door looking into the lecture room saw no signs of fire called for De Beust. Then ran down to the alarm telegram box could not get the key. Then directed attention to the saving of the Library went into my own house. gave orders for the apparatus to be removed several persons commenced the operation but the cealing soon fell in. Daughters behaved admirably Mary undertook [[strikethrough]] ? [[/strikethrough]] to save my library Helen other articles Caroline assisting M Henry was also very welcome. We owe much to kind friends - a full account of the origin of the fire has be prepared by myself for the Com. of the Regents. [[end page]] [[start page]] [[Preprinted]] WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 25, 1865. [[/Preprinted]] Caught cold on the afternoon of the fire. did not go to bed - Mrs H. and myself were up all night. had severe cramps - was confined to my bed the fore part of the day. In the evening called upon ^Mr Stanton Judge Chase - Mr Fesenden to ask the [[strikethrough]] latter [[/strikethrough]] Mr S to assist in supplying a temporary roof. He would not do this without the consent of the President and he could not direct the work to be done unless it was paid for. The object of the call on Mr Fesenden and Judge Chase was to confer with them on this point. Much sympathy was expressed on account of the acident all the papers spoke with kindness in regard to the accident except The Tribune. The firemen on the night of the accident behaved badly - they broke open a room the the N E tower in which the effects of Mr. Stimpson were stowned plundered his chests drawers and made free use of a quantity of whiskey which had been kept for preserving specimens. They were however repaid for the use of this by the effect of the sulphate of copper which had been desolved in it several of them became deadly sick and would have died had they not vomited freely.
Thursday January 26, 1865 Called on the President who expressed much sympathy on account of the accident - gave his consent to - the secretary war to assist the Inst. in putting on a temporary roof. Received a direction on orders from the Secretary of War directing Col. Alexander to render us any assistance. was uncomfortable with his delay to the service. Discussed the best forms of temporary roof. Concluded to adopt the one shown in the sketch which will not interfere with our putting on of our own roof. The work was entrusted to Mr. Clark the foreman contractor of the Paleur offices. A gang of Irishmen was employed to clean away the debris. The weather was intensely cold. [second page] Friday January 27, 1865 Today a large number of carpenters commenced the putting on the roof - a gang of cotton mill men were engaged to assist in the handling of the boards - but as soon as the Irishmen saw the Negroes they all cleaned out without giving notice. [crossed out with notations of correct date] This out to be put in - March 11th (Required Mr. Drexler to return tools borrowed from the Inst. Wrote to Gen. Carrolton of New Mexico relative to the collection of Indian vocabularies letter prepared by Dr. Gibbs. March 11th Spent evening with architect discussing plans for the restoration of the building)
SATURDAY, JANUARY 28, 1865.[[Preprinted]] Roof finished meeting of the Board in the dining room of the Secretary. [second page] SUNDAY, JANUARY 29, 1865.[[Preprinted]] (this page left blank)
Monday, January 30, 1865 (this page left blank) Tuesday January 31, 1865 (this page left blank)
WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 1, 1865.[[Preprinted]] (this page left blank) [second page] THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 2, 1865.[[Preprinted]] Meeting of the Board this evening at the House of the mayor
Friday, February 3, 1865 (this page left blank) Saturday, February 4, 1865 engaged in making our reports to committee of Congress
Sunday, February 5, 1865 Mr. Rhess has fitted up the rooms next the museum on the lower story of the east wing as our offices [[Beginning of Next Page]] Monday, February 6, 1865 The museum during the fire was flooded with water which was let down into the basement through the openings for the lights- The articles became mouldy two large stoves were ordered.
Tuesday, February 7, 1865 (this page left blank) [second page] Wednesday, February 8, 1865 (this page left blank)
Thursday, February 9, 1865 (pre-printed) [[this page left blank]] [[end page]] [[start page]] Friday, February 10, 1865 (pre-printed) [[this page left blank]]
SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 11, 1865.[[Preprinted]] Large stove put up at each end of the museum. (second page) SUNDAY, FEBRUARY 12, 1865.[[Preprinted]] Today the weather has been quite unpleasant and on account of the severe cold I caught at the time of the fire I have not been able to attend the funeral of Mr Varden who has been so long connected with this Institution and the museum of the Patent-office. He has been failing for some months past went home quite unwell two or three weeks ago--came over looking very badly the day after the fire; was taken much worse and died on [[left blank]] He been engaged as a builder of theatres and had constructed several I think he informed me, for Colwell the celebrated southwestern manager. He many years ago established a museum in this city, and when the specimens of the exploring expidition were sent home even before the return of the expidition he was appointed the curator of them. He continued in this position until the articles of the expidition were transferred to the care of the S.I. when he came with them.
MONDAY, FEBRUARY 13,1865.[[Preprinted]] Put up large stove in museum--found timber near flue directed that a rider should be put in and beam removed-- Wrote to Dr [Asa] Gray Mrs Varden sent a Mr Claibourne [[?]] to find private papers of Mr. Varden. Let him in the room-- Engaged in correcting proof of Report 1863. Mr Shott showed me the maps intended to illustrate the paper of Dr Hayes-- Prof Baird thinks Bureau of Navigation will pub. larger map-- If it does not Inst. will. Had a conversation with Mr. [Robert] Kenicott relative to the products in the way of experiments TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 14, 1865.[[Preprinted]] Engage on report to the Joint committee of Congress on the subject of the fire. Fire in one of the the large stoves of the museum. Wrote to Prof Caswell answer to letter of condolence To Prof. Guyot asking for synopses of his lectures for next Reports---- Messrs Riggs & Co have sold the gold of the remainder of the S.I. legacy at about 206 which amounts 54,165.38/100. Has converted into stock 7.30 interest For an article on the patronage of science in this country see Boston Medical Journ No (whole) 1929 Feby 16th[[th superscript and underlined]] 1865--may be used in the Reports--
WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 15, 1865.[[Preprinted]] Engaged upon the Report to the joint committee of Congress preparing a history of the operations of the Inston[[on superscript and underlined]] Called upon Judge Chase in the evening gave him a full account of all the doings of the Institution-- He is clearly of opinion that the interest on the fund ought to be paid in gold as every other permanent debt is paid Discussed with Mr Rhees the best method of making a safe receptacle for the papers of the Inst. concluded that the room in the N.E. tower on the level of the ground with fire proof cealing and iron doors would be the best Mr [Charles Mayer] Wetherill took the dew point in my study also a bottle of air for analysis from our dining room to compare with the results from the capitol [[end page]] [[start page]] THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 16,1865.[[Preprinted]] Spent the greater part of the day at the capitol in meeting the joint committee and seeing members.-- The committee with the exception of one member Mr Grimes agreed to the proposition to pay the Smithsonian interest in gold Mr[[left blank]] said he had been informed by Mr. Fessender that every trust fund in possession of the Gov. is paid in gold except the Smithsonian If Congress will order this payment no appropriation will be asked for Mr Turnbull drew up a resolution to that effect. I think it probable that the resolution will pass. Reported to Mr Cox Mr W Davis and Mr Patterson what had been done
FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 17, 1865.[[Preprinted]] Engaged all day on the historical sketch of the doings of the Inston[[on superscript and underlined]] Plasters commenced to repair the ceiling of the Museum. On close inspection I find that all the iron beams are more or less bent either with the heat or pressure.[[X with 4 dots symbol]] The guard is still at the Inston[[on superscript and underlined]] Bob De Beust gives them coffee and crackers in the night. Several coloured women have been occupied since the fire in cleaning the museum [[X with 4 dots symbol]] This is probably not so the iron beams are covered with lath and plaster and this covering is what is vissable. [[end page]] [[start page]] SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 18, 1865.[[Preprinted]] Occupied in the morning on the historical sketch. Mr Claudemeier[[?]] the representative of Mrs. Varden sold all the tools in Mr Vardens shop to the Inston[[on superscript and underlined]] for 75 dollars Shall want this place as soon as it can be had since we are now much straigthened for room--made the room next the museum in the connecting range the secretary's office-- Mr Varden's room will be used as a work shop. Attended the meeting of the L.H. Board admiral Shubrick unwell. Present Davis Harwood & myself. Mr Jordan the solicitor of the Treasury informed me that he had decidid that the S.I. ought to be paid in gold--
SUNDAY, FEBRUARY 19, 1865.[[Preprinted]] Attended church--very pleasant day took long sleep in the afternoon--have not rested well for several nights past--been too much excited with the preparation of reports and other extra business connected with the occurrence of the fire. Sentinel on his post[[altered from poast]] in the recess of the S.I. building--very necessary on Sunday on account of the large number of people who visit the grounds on this day. The scrutiny has been kept continually since the occurrance of the fire. Visited Mrs. Gilliss with Mrs H. Found her in a calm condition of mind-- The Inst. has lost in the death of Capt Gilliss a valuable collaborator and a warm friend. MONDAY, FEBRUARY 20, 1865.[[Preprinted]] Beautiful day-- Received a note informing me that the Secretary of the Treasury wished to see me-- Secretary wished to consult as to the S.I fund--said that with the remainder of the Legacy the Board had nothing to do. It must be put into the treasury and invested in stock until Congress takes action upon[[struck through]] on it. This is the opinion I gave the Board. Engaged on the history of the labours of the Inston[[on superscript and underlined]] Mr. Cluss the architect called to examine the towers and informed me that the big tower in his opinion could be saved by adopting the suggestion I had made of putting in extra masonry in the interior He proposes a brick lining beginning above the first floor put in and extending to the last
[[preprinted]]TUESDAY, FEBRRUAY 21, 1865. [[/preprinted]] [[underline]]Beautiful day [[/underline]] - wrote to Mr W Whiteward of the Statistical Society of London also to his son in answer to letters to me of thanks for hospitality to the son. Mr. Issac VanTrunch called upon me relative to a Fog signal to be worked by the waves. I have informed him that a series of exps would be made during the summer [[image - U shape with squares at ends, dissected by arrow]] advised a large instrument for actual experiment of boiler issue. Mr. Petris of Chigo. showed me a new form of the hydrometer which is peculiar in having are condenser table engraved on the side of the case in which the liquid is contained. Mr Petris informs me that alcohol becomes ropy when reduced to a low temperature This is in conformity with my experiments. Took the report for the joint committee to the Capitol. Saw the fellow Herbert - one of the committee of the lecture association [[end page]] [[start page][ [[preprinted]]WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 22, 1865. [[/preprinted]] Rec'd message from Treasury Dept. - wrote to see what was wanted - information as to the Legacy money - requested Mr. Riggs to call on Gen Sherman the treasurer and have the matter put in proper condition on the books of the Dept. Discussed the wages of the men. Will give them a premium not an advance on wages Guns of all the forts around the city and in the country now (12 o'clock) firing in honor of the fall of Charleston and Fort Sumpter. Directed the carpenter to put up boards in all the windows on the front of the build to improve the appearance. Also to repair the porch. Mr. DeBaush engaged in putting in a pipe for the introduction of water to the middle of the [[strikethrough]]lecture[[/strikethrough]]museum rooms. Cloth hose has been ordered which will reach from the middle of the museum to the extremity of the library or the packing rooms Washington's Birth Day - Mrs. Chase attended [[end page]]
THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 23, 1865. [[preprinted]] [[underlined]] Rain [[/underlined]] Letter from Collins relative to insurance not in our intensely fire proof building - Having insurance 20 dolls per 1000. Have them put in fire proof quarters. Mr. I. M. Starr Camden N. J. promised to send him drawings of the building - plans of space to be covered - Thickness of wall conductors of water - etc. distance from top of arch of window to the eaves - pitch ought to 20 to 25. Wrote to Mrs Bache. attended reception of Gov. Morgan - met Col. Shafurn the scamp who assisted Morse in his attack on me - Does not believe in the Atlantic Telegraph - is in favour of the one by the way of Iceland in which he pretends to be interested [[end page]] [[start page]] FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 24, 1865. [[preprinted]] morning clear and warm Prof. Hertiness of the Observatory called to give me information as to the condition of the Chilean expedition work us left by Capt. Gilliss The whole may be finished in the course of a few months - The fourth volume is now in the proofs - He gave me a synopsis of the condition of the work. wrote a metaphysical answer to a question put by one of our observers relative to his concerns of thought and organization The architect called is going on with the drawings - thinks galvanized iron does not stand government has given up the use. Short evening at the Capitol seeing members and assisting in collecting air from the senate for analysis. But six days of the session of Congress left; in this report to be made and presented the bill relative to the Inst'on [[Institution]] passed--* This was a mistake the whole bill failed - and the part granting the extra money was stricken out. [[end page]]
[[start page]] Saturday, February 25, 1865. [[preprinted]] Another cloudy rain [[ rain superscript]] - went to the Capitol appeared before com. ways and means asked for an increase of appropriation for the keeping of the Museum. The proposition was immediately agreed to and 6000 instead of 4000 was allowed - asked also for 1000 dolls for exp. on oils for Light House Board granted. Attended meeting of the L. B. little work done Beautiful book on French systems presented Permanent commissioners met at Navy Depart. Torpedo boat examined Beautiful Book presented to Inst - from the Hanseatic Legation The public minister will finish the Report of the joint committee today. [[end page]] [[start page]] Sunday, February 26, 1865. [[preprinted]] another cloudy - clear in afternoon Attended church met Mr. Blair also informed me the our old acquaintances in the south were willing to give up the contest but find difficulty in doing so from the great opposition of the radical characters Learned that there is a bill before Congress directing that every publisher of copyright books shall present one to the library of Congress. I begged that the S. I. might not be included in the number of recipients. Fell over one of the bushes in the grounds in coming from 7th street in the dark hurt my leg which remained sore for several weeks [[end page]]
[[start page]] MONDAY, FEBRUARY 27, 1865. [[preprinted]] Engaged all the morning on the proof of the Report of the committee of the House and Senate in relation to the Smithsonian accident. Directed the carpenters to but in false windows to the front of the building - also a temporary roof on the front towers Begin to fear Congress will not assent to our proposition. carried the corrected proof to the printing offices. It will be sent to the house tomorrow at the time of the meeting of Congress [[end page]] [[start page]] TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 28, 1865. [[preprinted]] cloudy - call from Mr. Voglesang who is introduced to me by Gen. Sherinces[[?]]. He is a mono[[?]] - Thinks he has a mission from the spirit world. I have informed him the if he is really on a mission of the kind the fact can alone be proved by a miracle If he could predict the existence and exact position of a new planet for example give its night ascension and declination so that the telescope may be pointed to the body; the observation being made, the proof for or against the Divine Mission will be given Spent the morning at the Capitol seeing the members relative to the affairs of the Inst. Prepared a requisition for the drawing of the semiannual interest on the S Bequest. The Chief Justice did not think it was sufficient. A certificate of the Exec. Com. must be appended [[end page]]
[[start page]] [[preprinted]]WEDNESDAY, MARCH 1, 1865. [[/preprinted]] but no rain through the day Cloudy Meeting of the Board at 10 in the room of the comm. on the Districts in Senate At 10 o'clock met the Board of Regents at the room of Public Buildings in the Senate. Present Trumbull, Cox, Davis of Kt, Patterson and the Mayor. The annual report was presented - ordered presented to Congress My salary was raised also those of Mrs [[Misters]] Rhess and Baird. The matter was concocted by Trumbull and Cox without my knowledge - I did intend to allow Mr. Rhees and Prof. Baird an addition their salary from the increased museum fund. Presented the Report of the Regents to Congress - first to Senate, the Resolution to print was immediately passed Next took the Report to the House and gave it in charge to Mr. Cox of Ohio. Dr. Gray with his wife arrived at near 11 o'clock this evening. [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]]THURSDAY, MARCH 2, 1865. [[/preprinted]] [[underlined]]Rainy all day [[/underlined]] Presented a new form of requisition with certificate from the chairman of the executive committee to the chair for signature, but he was on the bench and perhaps could not give the matter due attention He did not sign the paper. I think it now too late. Called at the Treasury Mr. F had ceased to do business saw Mr. McCullough Attended meeting of Permanent Commissioners examined Mr. Fuller and Co's diving apparatus and method of elevating sunken ships. Reported favorable - Mr. Fuller promises to give us the aquarium in which his model was exhibited. Dr. Gray thinks that the learned societies may be taxed to assist in supporting the Exchange. Carpenter (W) has put in wooden shutters into all the windows - also roof on two towers - Scarcely able to walk with bruise on leg [[end page]]
[[start page]] [[preprinted]]FRIDAY, MARCH 3. 1865. [[/preprinted]] Rainy still. Great complaint against Mr. Dr. Beust yesterday. Spent morning at the Capitol. The resolution to allow gold for the interest of the Institution was up last night and lost - Will be brought up in the Senate again. I have not not [[sic]] much hope that it will pass. The temper and feeling of the House indicates to me the tendency of the popular mind towards repudiation. The appropriation for the printing of the Memoirs of the National Academy passed the House last night. Weather for tomorrow doubtful. Proof of the tables of weights and measures _____________________________________________________ Dr. Gray put in charge the botanical collection of the N.W. exploring exhibition. The Reports are nearly ready and the specimens are nearly ready to be distributed into sets for presentation Dr. Gray advises, that they should be distributed some to this country and others to Europe where they will be most important Some plants will be the more important in Europe others in this country. Some have been already distr. in the name of the Institution. [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]]SATURDAY, MARCH 4, 1865. [[/preprinted]] cloudy long storm - Mr Lincoln today enters his second term of office - How many events have occurred since he entered the White House. Spent morning with Mr. Gray - gave information as to the exploring expedition. Three forms of the manuscript of the botany except that of Oregon & California. one volume of letter proofs and one of plates published - Dr. Torres part is finished Just now published the quantity of matter not much could be put to press at any time - loosing interest - none published Agassaze's work has drawings in part prepared. Wilkes part has not been published. Pickering's volume is in proofs. Library committee has charge of manuscript The miscellaneous appropriation bill failed to become a law - the clause for paying the Inst. in gold failed [[end page]]
[[start page]] [[preprinted]]SUNDAY, MARCH 5, 1865. [[preprinted]] The botanical collections of the Exploration Expedition are in of Dr. Gray with the exception of California which Dr. Tonney has. of the whole it is proposed to : 1 To make a complete set for the government collection. 2 To send the next best set to the Royal garden at Kew. 3 The next set in value to the Museum at the Garden of Plants Paris. 4 What is over to the Acad[[emy]] of Science Phil[[adelphia]] 5 such duplicates as are available to complete the collection of Harvard University to be selected by Dr Gray for his purposes. The duplicates in the possession of Dr. Tonney will not amount to anything --- Three fourths of the distribution by Dr Gray can be made immediately-. The cost will about [[continued at bottom next page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] MONDAY, MARCH 6, 1865. [[preprinted]] Dr Gray leaves this morning - proposes that the Institution shall publish the botany of Oregon and California of the Exp. Expedition - folio plates on thin paper folded. Dr. G. has spoken to Gill about going to Azassig [[Louis Azassig]] - might do up the Exploratory Exp. fishes These are loosing value. The Dr advises against republishing Carpenters Report on shells. If we strike out the offensive part he may complain Went to the Senate to have Mr. Fissenden [[?]] nominate as a Request to fill his own vacancy. Gave business into the hands of Senator Foot- Meeting of L H B assistant secretary stated that the failure of the omnibus bill would not materially interfere with the Operations of the Board ___________________________________________________________________ [[continued from previous page]] 250 dollars. Dr. Gray will see to the collections in charge of Dr Tonney. They should be in proper cases Dr Gray on the part of the Institution has made the following distribution of plants confined to ferns These were given in charge by Dr. Tonney & one set was sent to Kew and another for Academy of St Petersburgh and the Garden of Plants - one set to Cambridge. Dr. Tonney distributed other sets. [[end page]]
TUESDAY, MARCH 7, 1865. [[PREPRINTED]] Beautiful day-- We can now determine as to what shall be done with the building. The resolution to pay the S.I. in gold passed the commission of conference of the two houses-- The new Secretary Mr McCullough will probably pay in the future in coin. If he does we shall have about 40.000 dollars in Bank-- Wrote to Dr Bache-- To Gen. Thomas Recd [[d is underlined superscript]] a copy of the Report for 1863-- Made the quarterly visit to the asylum for the Insane. Other visitors Mayor Addison of Georgetown Mr. Cox of the same city. Institution in excellent condition. The carpenter has finished the roofing of the Front towers, will commence that of the rear [second page] WEDNESDAY, MARCH 8, 1865. [[Preprinted]] cloudy but pleasant-- Engaged all morning in correspondence-- Wrote to Secretary of War thanks for assistance in protecting the Inst by roof--payment of bill of cost 1974 dollars To Tighlman cor. secy[[y superscript with dot under]]of American Institute NY for copy of Transactions for 1863 & 64------------------- Visit from Mr Dean of coast survey--of Dr Moran of Providence.
THURSDAY, MARCH 9, 1865. [[preprinted]] cloudy rain yesterday - meeting with the carpenter with the men of the Institution. Taking down the middle wall of the south tower. It is in danger of falling inward and of doing injury to the main building wrote to Mister Davis to inform him that he was appointed to prepare a Eulogy on the late Chief Justice. To Rev Toker Hall of Trenton asking for facts relative to the life and character of the late Judge Dayton. [[end page]] [[start page]] FRIDAY, MARCH 10, 1865. [[preprinted]] Clear [[underlined]] violent wind in the night of 9th 10 gave the high tower a trial. Directed the new hose to be put to the plug in the museum every night. Requested Mr. Drexler to return tools belonging to the Institution Dr Bache temporarily use the laboratory for work shop. Wrote to Gen. Carlton to collect Indian vocabularies from New Mexico Discussed with architect the arrangement of rooms in Towers
Pleasant SATURDAY, MARCH 11, 1865. [[preprinted]] Light-house Board called as a Board on the new Secretary - will advance money for Board - Will allow Mr Bache to remain as long as he may desire. Arranged my library. do not miss many books Paid bill of furniture for office and bedding for young men to supply loss by fire [[underlined]] - (see bill) Daughters started for Fortress Museum and City Point - Stanton gave permission to Mrs Henry's request [[end page]] [[start page]] Clear SUNDAY, MARCH 12, 1865. [[preprinted]] Dr. Gurley's church [[end page]]
[[preprinted]]MONDAY, MARCH 18, 1865. [[/preprinted]] Clear engaged in correspondence wrote to Dr. Hays relative to the publication of his map by the Bureau of Navigation and of introduction to his [[Mamma?]]. [[left side of division]]Paid for petroleum lamps [[underlined]]one of them extra --- [[/underlined]] wrote to Admiral Davis as publisher Hayes maps [[right side of division]] Dr. Brewer is anxious to prepare another part of his paper on eggs Spent part of the evening with Chief Justice discussed the forms of drawing money from the treasury Concluded if two of the exec. committee - Thought the money ought to be deposited with Cook too. Think it would be well to insert in the report all laws relative to the Smithson fund. [[end page]] [[start page]] clear [[preprinted]]TUESDAY, MARCH 14, 1865. [[/preprinted]] settled with House servants - gave Margaret a check for 259.25 - Hummer a check for 200 dollars for full settlement up to March 15th Procured passage for Margaret Patterson to Ireland for 55 dollars. [[Borrowed?]] [[Derrick?]] from the Capitol - carpenter with fine hands taking down partition and rear wall of south tower Dr Wetherall has been occupied for several days in cleaning up the laboratory. The company of young men who came over to join the telegraph company to the N.W. are in the building preparatory to starting. Engaged in marking out meteorological instructions for the Telegraphic expedition [[end page]]
cloudy [[preprinted]]WEDNESDAY, MARCH 15, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Engaged our meteorological instructions for telegraphers. Informed Mr. DeBeust that I could not suffer his son to remain in the building longer. He comes in all hours of the night and keeps bad company. Called upon Gen Delafield got his signature to the requisition for 1/2 yearly money Also got the signature to the same of the Chief Justice - presented the requisition to the Chief Cleark Mr Hunning [[?]] who promises me the money tomorrow. Paid off Robert DeBeust informed him that I could not longer retain him in my employ Daughters Helen and Carry returned from a visit to City Point. Helen remained at Fortress Museum [[end page]] [[start page]] clear last night [[preprinted]]THURSDAY, MARCH 16, 1865. [[/preprinted]] gave directions in writing to Mr Gill as to the Library - discussed with the architect and also with Col. Mr. Alexander the position of the stairs Mr DeBeust left for New York to accompany Margaret Patterson to N.Y. on her way to Ireland - informed him that I would prefer that he get another place Mr Rhess gave him letters to friends in the coal oil business. [[end page]]
Clear [[preprinted]]FRIDAY, MARCH 17, 1865.[[/preprinted]] violent storm in the night wind rain without thunder. The high wind last night gave a fair trial to the towers of the Institution which still stand apparently firmly on their bases. Alexander approves of the plan of bricking up some of the windows of the high towers and lining the whole with brick. The question now is whether to put the main entrance to the larger upper room in front or rear. the latter will give the greatest amount of working space. Engaged all the morning in making our instructions for the meteorological observations to the telegraph part of Behring Straits. The party started for N.Y. in the line of this evening. Eliott & Buinmeister have been two visitors and mine connected with this Institution Gold has gone down to to 68 today Mr Holton who left with the institution papers relative to an agreement between himself and his sister as to the disposition of a farm for benevolent objects [[end page]] [[start page]] clear [[preprinted]]SATURDAY, MARCH 18, 1865. [[/preprinted]] wrote to Dr Tonney relative his Botanical paper. Sent letter of general introduction to Kennicott. Lest 6 mo of Bulletin of NY as - [[d superscript]] of Museum[[?]] to Dr Hull Penn [[y superscript (Pennsylvania)]] Avenue. Rec[[d superscript]] a communication from Rev W Hall of Trenton relative to life of Mr Dayton. Called at the Treasury received order for the payment of our interest in coin. Attended Light-House Board - The committee on Fog signals must meet for examining all the contrivances submitted to the Board before June. Workmen engaged in taking down beams in the rear vestibule Meeting of the club. Mr Taytin[[?]] advised getting up a set of stereographic crystal models - Wrote to Paris for a set New petroleum Lamps give musical sounds which could be modulated by diminishing it [[naturally?]] [[rapidly?]] of flow of air Mr [[Hotan?]] called relative to the formation of his society for the education of the orphan children of soldiers [[end page]]
clear [[preprinted]]SUNDAY, MARCH 19, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Went to church. Sermon in favour of the Bible society. Mr Holton's society met at the City Hall. I was chosen one of the Vice Presidents did not attend [[end page]] [[start page]] Misty [[preprinted]]MONDAY, MARCH 20, 1865.[[/preprinted]] The brick work in the south vestibule will be all removed today. Notified Riggs to draw the Smithsonian interest in gold retain the same. If gold goes down prices will fall and if gold rises prices will rise. If however we sell and gold should go up we would be the losers [[x with two dot symbol]] Got the Report from the printer he will commence on it immediately The Report for 1863 will be sent to the bindery this week. Spent remainder of the day with Gen Delafield in looking over the building - Thinks walls will require strengthening by iron ties into room [[diagram]] The expansion will be sufficient to affect the walls For 100° it will be an inch 50° half an inch. Gen D. recom. the sale of the gold even at the previous[[?]] [[rate?]]. [[cross with four dot symbol]] This not quite correct since on account of the highr duties and the legal tender quality of green backs gold is a great measure has become a commodity [[end page]]
clear [[preprinted]]TUESDAY, MARCH 21, 1865[[/preprinted]] The brick work all out of the south entrance architect making drawings. Avanced 38 dollars to pay out for for exploration in Central America with which Mr Shott is connected. Advanced to Mr Baird to pay transportation 250 dolls-200 dolls [[befine?]] Returned to Mrs. Mineaus[[?]] the records of observations which her husband had made offered her 200 dolls for this same weeks ago. She considers this a [[?]] I cannot [[conservatively?]] give more [[image - x with four dots symbol]] Engaged in signing the acknowledgements of books Read the debate in the Senate on the resolution to pay gold for the interest on Smithsonian Bonds on another Bequest [[image - x with four dots symbol]] This I am informed was sold for four hundred Dollars to Mr Hickey of Penn [[superscript "a" (Pennsylvania)]] [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]]WEDNESDAY, MARCH 22, 1865. [[/preprinted]] [[page partially cover by news article]] [[Article]] The New York Times. NEW-YORK, SUNDAY, JAN. 15, 1865. Interesting experiments with Steam-Boilers On Saturday last, some experiments were made with one of the boilers of the sloop-of-war [[italic]] Idaho [[/italic]], now building by Mr. PAUL S. FORBES, of this city, which illustrate on a large scale some of the great truths which chemists are accustomed to show by laboratory experiments. The object of the trial was to ascertain in what time the boilers of the [[italic]] Idaho [[/italic]] could make steam from cold water. The boiler used was one of the auxiliary boilers of the ship, having only one furnace, but in all other respects similar to the large boilers, and it stands on the dock at the Morgan Works, protected by a temporary shed. Water having been left in the water-bottom, was frozen, and consequently the water-bottom was filled solid with ice. The remaining water spaces of the boiler were filled from the Croton, whose temperature before lighting the fire was found by thermometer to be 38° Fahernheit[[sic]], which is a little lower than the temperature of the Croton, the reduction being due to the colder iron of the boiler itself. The furnace was filled with ordinary pine wood used for kindling, and the match applied at six minutes after one o'clock. At twenty-one minutes after one, or in fifteen minutes after the fire was lighted, steam was blowing off. The safety-valve was then closed and coal supplied to the furnace, so as to make the coal fire. In twenty minutes longer a good coal fire was burning, and the pressure of steam was thirty pounds. Water was then drawn out of the boiler, from a cock about eight inches below the fire grates, and its temperature was 43 degrees; and the thermometer applied to the exterior of the boiler, at the lower side, fell to 32 degrees, thus showing that ice still remained in the water bottom. The steam was then allowed to blow off freely from the safety-valve, and its appearance was that of a transparent gas, of a pale blue color, showing no white or watery particles, till it had passed several inche, [[sic]] from the aperature of discharge, thus proving that no water was working off with the steam, and that the evaporation from the boiler was pure dry steam, unmixed with any water held in suspension. The opening of the safety-valve into the boiler in this case is about fifteen inches above the surface of the water, whereas in ordinary boilers, it is many feet: yet here no water could be blown out, although every expedient was resorted to for the purpose of "lifting the water," if possible--such as suddenly opening the safety-valve wide open, and rapidly repeating the operation of opening and closing it. The curious phenomena of a steam boiler throwing off pure steam from its upper part, and containing in successive descending strata boiling water, cold water, and ice, at the same time, excited some surprise; but it is according to the well-known law that steam and water are almost perfect [[italic]]non-conductors[[/italic]] of heat, and that as [[italic]]conveyors[[/italic]] of heat they can only convey it [[italic]]upward[[/italic]] not downward, and therefore ice may remain at the bottom of a vessel, if [[italic]]below the fire[[/italic]], for a long time while the water above is boiling. As a laboratory experiment, this result is shown in YOUMAN'S Chemistry, page No.114, but it is not often seen in a working boiler. Several engineers and men of science witnessed these experiments, and all agreed that it was a most extraordinary and valuable result, that the steamer's boilers should be able to make steam from ice water in fifteen minutes after lighting the fire, and that when in the ship, using warm water, steam could be got in about the time usually required to hoist an anchor which for a man-of-war would be a most useful [[rest of article torn away]] [[see next page for complete transcription of the journal page hidden by the clipping]]
[[begin page]] clear [[preprinted]]TUESDAY, MARCH 21, 1865 [[/preprinted]] The brick work all out of the south entrance architect making drawings. Avanced 38 dollars to pay out for for exploration in Central America with which Mt Shott is connected. Advanced to Mr Baird to pay transportation 250 dolls-200 dolls [[?]] Returned to Mrs. Mineaus the records of observation which her husband had [made] offered her 200 dolls for this same weeks ago. She considers this a [[?]] I cannot [[conservatively?]]give none [[image - x with four dots symbol]] Engaged in signing the acknowledgements of books Read the debate in the Senate on the resolution to pay gold for the interest on Smithsonian Bonds on another Bequest [[image - x with four dots symbol]] This I am informed was sold for four hundred Dollars to Mr Hickey of Penn -a [[a superscripted]] [[end page]] [[begin page]] Clear [[preprinted]]WEDNESDAY, MARCH 22, 1865 [[/preprinted]] Heavy rain last night Engaged preparing a life of Wells then another on Dew' for the next report Hear Mr Eliott read a part of his translation on the progress of [[nutionology?]] from the German for the report. [[image - x with four dots symbol]] Mr. E. also gave me an account of his rather irrational recusatus on electricity or rather electric dynamics. Mr. Gill is engaged in collecting all new books into the library- [[cross with four dot symbol]] Mr. Eliott never finished this translation [[end page]]
[[start page]] [[newspaper clipping]] The New York Times. NEW-YORK, SUNDAY, JAN. 15, 1865. Interesting Experiments with Steam-Boilers On Saturday last, some experiments were made with one of the boilers of the sloop-of-war [[italic]] Idaho [[/italic]], now building by Mr. PAUL S. FORBES, of this city, which illustrate on a large scale some of the great truths which chemists are accustomed to show by laboratory experiments. The object of the trial was to ascertain in what time the boilers of the [[italic]] Idaho [[/italic]] could make steam from cold water. The boiler user was one of the auxiliary boilers of the ship, having only one furnace, but in all other respects similar to the large boilers, and it stands on the dock at the Morgan Works, protected by a temporary shed. Water having been left in the water-bottom, was frozen, and consequently the water bottom was filled solid with ice. The remaining water spaces of the boiler were filled from the Croton, whose temperature before lighting the fire was found by thermometer to be 38° Fahrenheit, which is a little lower than the temperature of the Croton, the reduction being due to the colder iron of the boiler itself. The furnace was filled with ordinary pine wood used for kindling, and the match applied at six minutes after one o'clock. At twenty-one minutes after one , or in fifteen minutes after the fire was lighted, steam was blowing off. The safety-valve was then closed and coal supplied to the furnace, so as to make a coal fire. In twenty minutes longer a good coal fire was burning, and the pressure of steam was thirty pounds. Water was then drawn out of the boiler, from a cock about eight inches below the fire grates, and its temperature was 43 degrees; and the thermometer applied to the exterior of the boiler, at the lower side, fell to 32 degrees, thus showing that ice still remained in the water bottom. The steam was then allowed to blow off freely from the safety-valve, and its appearance was that of a transparent gas, of a pale blue color, showing no white or watery particles, till it had passed several inche, from the aperature of discharge, thus proving that no water was working off with the steam, and that the evaporation from the boiler was pure dry steam, unmixed with any water held in suspension. The opening of the safety-valve into the boiler in this case is about fifteen inches above the surface of the water, whereas in ordinary boilers, it is many feet: yet here no water could be blown out, although every expedient was resorted to for the purpose of "lifting the water," if possible--such as suddenly opening the safety-valve wide open, and rapidly repeating the opening and closing it. The curious phenomena of a steam boiler throwing off pure steam from its upper part, and containing in successive descending strata boiling water, cold water, and ice, at the same time, excited some surprise; but it is according to the well-known law that steam and water are almost perfect non-conductors of heat, and that as conveyors of heat they can only convey it upward and not downward, and therefore ice may remain at the bottom of a vessel, if below the fire, for as long time while the water above it is boiling. As a laboratory experiment, this result is shown in YOUMAN'S Chemistry, page No.114, but it is not often seen in a working boiler. Several engineers and men of science witnessed these experiments, and all agreed that it was a most extraordinary and valuable result, that a steamer's boilers should be able to make steam from ice water in fifteen minutes after lighting the fire, and that when in the ship, using warm water, steam could be got in about the time usually required to hoist an anchor, which, for a man of war, would be a most useful [[?]] particularly [[?]] all blockading duty. The boiler [[rest of clipping torn away]] [[end page]]
[[start page] [[reverse of newspaper clipping, not related to journal at hand]] [[as-]]-sessment for paving Ninth-avenue, from Twenty-third to Thirty-fourth-street, with Belgian pavement, said amount to be applied by said Fullmer in payment of assessment levied against the property of the Methodist Episcopal Church in Twenty-fourth-street, between Eight and Ninth avenues, for the paving of Ninth-avenue, from Twenty-third to Thirty-fourth-street, with Belgian payment, and take his receipt therefor, and charge the same amount to the account of Donations, or any other appropriate amount Which was referred to Committee of Assessments. Report of Committee on Finance, in favor of adopting resolution, that the Comptroller be directed to draw his warrant in favor of Patrick O'Brien for the sum of two hundred dollars, the same being to remunerate him for the loss of horse at Corporation dump, corner of Sixty-second-street and Fourth avenues, and charge the same to account of Donations. Which was recommitted to Committee on Finance. Report of Committee on Repairs and Supplies, in favor of adopting resolution, that the Street Commissioner be [[uneven cut of paper, laid over]] [[...]] this guarantee [[...]] be considered which does not strictly conform to the requirements therein stated. Bidders will state the quantity they propose to furnish, how soon they can commence, and the quantity they can deliver weekly. The right is reserved by the United States to reject any part or the whole of the bids, as may be deemed best for the interest of the service. Samples of such articles as are required to be of army standard, can be seen at this office. Proposals must be indorsed "Proposals for Army Supplies," stating on the envelope the particular article bid for. HERMAN BIGGS Colonel Quartermaster's Department _______________________________________________ Office of the Street Commissioner No. 127 Broadway To Contractors. - Proposals Inclosed in a sealed envelope indorsed with the title of the work, and with the name of the bidder written therein, will be received at this office until WEDNESDAY, Jan. 18,1865, 11 o'clock A.M.: For furnishing gas to and lighting all the public lamps in the City of New York, lying north of a line commencing at the East River, at the foot of Grand-street and running through the middle of Grand-street to Sullivan-street, and through Sullivan-street to Canal-street and through Canal-street to the Hudson River,and south of a line commencing at the East River, at the foot of Thirty-fourth-street, running through the middle of Thirty-fourth-street to the Hudson River, for the term of one year. Also, for furnishing gas to and lighting all the public lamps in the City of New York, lying north of the middle of Thirty-fourth-street, and south of the middle of Seventy-ninth-street, from the East River to the Hudson River , for the term of one year. Blank forms of proposals, together with the specifications and agreements, can be obtained at this office. Dated Street Department, New York, Jan 7,1865. CHARLES G. CORNELL Street Commissioner _______________________________________________ Quartermaster's Office, No. 17 STATE-ST., New-York, Jan. 14, 1865 Sealed Proposals will be received at this office until 12 o'clock M. of Saturday, 21st inst., for the carting of all Government stores within the City of New-York which it may be the duty of this department to move, for the period of one year. Persons offering to perform this service are requested to state the price per carman's load of 5 (five) barrels of pork, 7 (seven) barrels of flour, or 1,500 (fifteen hundred) pounds' weight of other goods, for any distance not exceeding half a mile, with an increase of one-third for every additional half-mile. The party to whom the contract may be awarded will be required to have in readiness at all times a sufficient number of teams to perform the required service, and to keep them at work, when required, nights and Sundays, without extra compensation, and to be present in person, or by a competent agent at all times, to receive and execute all orders which may be given for work to be done. No proposal will be considered unless coming from responsible persons, known to the undersigned, or who will be vouched for by responsible parties. Each proposal must be indorsed by two responsible persons, setting forth their willingness to go security to the sum of $20, 00 that said proposal, if accepted will be faithfully carried out. Each proposal must be endorsed. "Proposals for Ca [[rest of article torn away]] [[end page]]
Cloudy [[preprinted]] THURSDAY, MARCH 23, 1865. [[/preprinted]] Wrote a long letter to Mr. Flugel - also to the Secretary of State and also to our counsels at the Isle of France sending meteorological publications to the meteorological society of that place. On about 2 o'clock a violent storm of wind with a sprinkles of rain and thunder occurred Nothing so violent has happened since the blowing down of the Baptist church steeple some years ago The gable wall of the building which was secured by an iron rod moved very perceptably while the cross walls on each side of the old lecture room swayed backwards and forward at least a foot or some in aptitude I was in great fear lest the wall would fall and crash in the ceiling of the museum At 1/2 past 3 an other violent blow - very dark - rain visit from Mr Chase - thinks I ought to sell the gold since it will continue to go down seems so certain of this. [[end page]] [[start page]] Partially clear [[preprinted]] FRIDAY, MARCH 24, 1865. [[/preprinted]] with many clouds The storm yesterday did considerable damage to buildings and other property in different parts of the city one man was killed and several injured. The blow proves the stability of our towers - Have directed the taking down of the cross walls which exhibited so much instability yesterday. Mr DeBeust is still in Phil [[d superscripted]] or somewhere in Penn[[s superscripted]] I have given him a leave of absence to find a place better fitted for his character than the one he has occupied in the Institution. The fact that he has loss all his property by the fire prevents my dismissing him immediately. Discussed again with the architects the position of the stairs to the 2nd story of the main building On the whole it appears at present advisable to put them in the rear. Order paper for printing 750 copies of Leadrey paper
Cloudy [[preprinted]] SATURDAY, MARCH 25, 1865. [[/preprinted]] but not rainy Went to Baltimore to see I. Henry who has been nine months a prisoner in North Carolina and is now in the [[Mst?]] Building Hospital. Found him very thin but getting on well - Has been very badly used. Purchased tools - [[end page]] [[start page]] cloudy [[preprinted]] SUNDAY, MARCH 26, 1865. [[/preprinted]] chilly wind NW Dr Grinley's church In the experiments on radiant heat which I made on Monday night March 27th the effect was only about [[space]] of a degree above the temperature of the atmosphere but this difference would probably be continued even when the temperature of the air was much increased so that the measure of the radiation would such given by this experiment since the intensity should be estimated from zero and this would be difficult to obtain. The experiments here questioned were made in the chamber of the House of Representatives.
Hazy [[strikeout]] MONDAY [[/strikeout]] [[script]] WEDNESDAY [[/script]], [[preprinted]]MARCH 2[[7 overwritten with 9]], 1865.[[/preprinted]] Made a mistake in moving over two leaves the entry for Monday was under the head of Wednesday. Carts employed in carrying the debris of the fire on the field Mr Rhees confined to bed - Arrival of box from Germany also from Belgium the cost of letters very great Miss Le Corint left us after a visit of a week or more. Mr. Fines was not at the Inst[[on superscripted]] today has leave of absence will go on has gone out of the city on account of his health Mr. Newcome of the Observatory presented the first part of his paper on the orbit of the Planet Neptune. So he printed. [[end page]] [[start page]] Hazy [[preprinted]]TUESDAY, MARCH 28, 1865.[[/preprinted]] wind S.E. Spent last evening in experimenting on the radiation of heat from lights in the ceiling of the room of the House of Representatives Found today by ascertaining the values of the scale of the air thermometers employed that the effect was less than a fraction of a degree The intensity of the radiation is not probably given by this result since the stationary point is that done cooling and heating. -------------------------The beams of the ceiling though perfectly straight appeared in the thin light of the room arched Perhaps the same result may be produced in the full light of day. Went with Dr. Withenall to the top of the dome of the Capitol. Took the difference between the wet and dry bulb. The airborne and in the air - the height of the barometer above and below. But little who access the dome from side to side. The painter of the dome Mr Bramidice has marked out out the likeness of Morse [[image - x with 4 dot symbol]] to which I shall object. [[image - x with 4 dot symbol]] This was removed [[end page]]
Clear [[script]] MONDAY [[/script]] [[strikeout]] WEDNESDAY [[/strikeout]], MARCH 27, 1865 [[preprinted]] (Note along side) Turned over two leaves. This ought to be March 27th [[entry]] Mr. DeBeust[[Burst?]] has returned without making an attempt to get another place. Letter to the N History Society of Brazille Thanks for Birds and for work on [[? illegible strike out]] ornithology also for insects Letter sent for safe keeping to the Entomological Society of Phil [["a" superscript]] Letter to the Spanish Ambassador in favour of Mr. Wright's exploration of Cuba Had to purchase 130 dolls worth of trays for minerals - Trays spoiled by the water. Spoked to Mr Baird about the alcoholic specimens - With the aid of Mr Gill in 3 months can distribute 10,000 - Mr Mayer from Baltimore visited He has been in Paris studying methods exhibiting phenomena Spent evening in experimenting on the radiant heat next to the lights in the ceiling of the room of the House of Representatives [[end page]] [[start page]] Rainy Hard Rain in the night [[stricken]]Hazy[[/stricken]] [[preprinted]]THURSDAY, MARCH 30, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Wind [[stricken]]S.E.[[/stricken]] Sent communication to the Institution in New York for the promotion of Science and art on Tuesday Last night spent the evening in reading in reference to the next report - Wrote to Mr. Spofford Librarian of Congress to ask how I could get possession of Dr. Tonney's[[?]] Manuscript Report in the Botany of a part of the Exploring Expe? Large arrival of Books from the the [[sic]] French Secretary of the Navy of Scientific Explorations [[end page]]
cloudy and rainy [[preprinted]]FRIDAY, MARCH 31, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Engaged in looking over the accounts for the month. Making out the pay roll. Called at Riggs' got statement of the purchase of our stock - gold is higher to day then when Riggs received our payment from the Treas. Dct. Wells has been appointed first of a commission of three to study the subject of taxation and to devise a tariff for next Congress. Mr Blutchford from Chicago called. Will send him a piece of lead which has been subjected a pressure of many tons and another culled from the melting state without pressure to find if there be any condensation. Mr. Patterson arrived in the evening. Does not give a very hopeful account of the condition of the national currency. 1000 millions of legal tender out. The government cannot afford to let the currency down rapidly [[end page]] [start page] Beautiful SATURDAY, APRIL 1, 1865 [[/preprinted]] day letter from Mr Mayer giving account of Rungraph's remarks on the present [[?]] which is not the 10,000,000 parts of the distance from the equator to the poles. Meeting of the Light House Board. Decision as to the security of a tower by leaving space around the base. Gen D. contends it was not necessary Col. B. took the other side - space could do no harm might do good question of large or overall expense - Discussion of the subject of force of waves 1 Waves in sheltered and in deep water have but little progressive motion. 2 In places exposed to the wind the waves has horizontal force whatever way be the bottom 3 In a bottom inclined to the horizon like an inclined plane a part of the whole downward force is converted in to a horizontal one. 4 The form assumed by a beach is that which will enable it to withstand best the force of the waves in consideration of its natural constitution [[end page]]
Clear [[preprinted]]SUNDAY, APRIL 2, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Beautiful day 5 The forces which the sand assumes may not be that which is of the least resistance. A sharp edged knife offers but little resistance in entering the water into wood but the edge soon gives away 6 [[diagram]] in some cases a perpendicular wall offers the best protection and in others a [[diagram]] wood surface. News of severe fighting on the front - The union armies successful visit from Henry Smith who has been for six months a prisoner in South Carolina Gave a sorrowful picture of the effects of the war. [[end page]] [[start page]] Hazy [[preprinted]]MONDAY, APRIL 3, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Rain last night Mr Patterson leaves us - - wrote to writer Davis again relative to the Eulogy on the Chief Justice Admiral Davis called to discuss the subject of registers on the arenas of Meteorological Phenomena. City in great excitement - news that Richmond has fallen occupies all thoughts - subsequent accounts state that Richmond was evacuated and that Lee's army had escaped. Intelligence of the evacuation of Petersburgh. [[end page]]
Hazy [[preprinted]]TUESDAY, APRIL 4, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Re[[d superscript]] copy of American Monthly Educational[[arrow to reverse to American Educational Monthly]] notice of myself. Engaged in correspondence Visited as one of the committee the Hospital for the Insane in company with Dr. Gurly and Mr Cox of Georgetown In the evening visited the city to see the illumination in honor of the possession of Richmond. Gold 47 1/4 [[end page]] [[start page]] slightly hazy [[preprinted]]WEDNESDAY, APRIL 5, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Mr Shott brings this morning the 2nd part of the of Hays' series of arctic observations. The first part is the astronomical. The 2nd part is on the magnetic observations - Mr Mead part will be on the tides. The fourth will be the meteorological in subparts - The whole will be finished before the end of the present year. Wrote to Professor Patterson relative to the preparation of the Eulogy on Mr. Dayton. To render the building more secure Gen Delafield advises that the commissioner of Public Buildings be requested to plant hedges in the rear. [[end page]]
[[preprinted]]THURSDAY, APRIL 6, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Discussed with the architect the plans of the repairs and changes in the rooms of the building - Concluded definitely that it will be best to put the principal staircase in the rear tower and to make rooms with northern lights in the north side. [[image - x with 4 dot symbol]] Engaged in correspondence. Spent the evening with Mr Schott drawing up an account of the papers on magnetism by Dr Bache The series is finished - [[image - x with 4 dot symbol]] This afterwards changed [[end page]] [[start page]] Rain [[preprinted]]FRIDAY APRIL 7, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Called with the architect on Gen Delafield - who was appointed as one of the visitors to Fort Sumpter and could not at that time give attention to the plans of the building - Did not approve of the suggestion of the architect as to floors in the towers of flagging - I am however to test the strength of the flags. Inspected the copper and iron which have been separated from the rubbish Concluded to advertize for sale next week [[end page]]
[[start page]] [[preprinted]]SATURDAY, APRIL 8, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Request from the Hanseatic Legation that we will make up a package for the new society for the promotion of Natural History in Bremen. Mr. Gill has gone for a few days to NY Mr Meek has the key of the library - Attended Light House Board letter from Mr. Goodwin informing that it is not necessary for me to come on to Boston. He will test the oil by burning samples will be [[sent??]] to me for [[photo Tuesday??]] Examined with Admiral Davis the directions of the Navy as to Meteorology suggested improvements. A sheet will be sent for revision - Advised if Davis took the observatory the operations of [[Navy? many?]] should be continued - and perfected. Mr Morgan of Rochester has brought on his manuscripts for publication. [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]]SUNDAY, APRIL 9, 1865.[[/preprinted]] During the past week an indirect attack has been made upon the Institution by a correspondent of the Morning Chronicle who states that a flag has never been displayed from the Smithsonian Building and asks why this has been the case. The inquiry is prompted by a spirit of malignity emanating from the same source as the attack in the Tribune. No flag has been hoisted on the Institution because at the beginning of the war the government was unable to put the city in a state of defense and the public buildings belonging to the government were liabe(sic)[[liable?]] on a capture of the city to be destroyed. It was therefore concluded that the Institution as a purely scientific establishment the endowment of which was the gift of an Englishman to men of all nations it was best to stand on this ground and should the building be assailed to appeal to the sense of propriety of the [[Kiegers? burglars?]] - [[end page]]
Rain [[preprinted]]MONDAY, APRIL 10, 1865.[[/preprinted]] The city today is in a state of great excitement. The news was this morning announced that Gen Lee surrendered his army to General Grant yesterday. Wrote to Dahall today I would be in N.Y. the latter part of this week to inspect a fog signal trumpet To Con. Powell to say I wished to confer with him as to the arrangements of a series of experiments on the different fog signals offered to the government When over with De Buest the remnants of apparatus which has been exposed to the fire - Find that many things can be restored. Wrote to Dr. Hayes for introduction to his observations. Read proof sheets of first signature of Schotts discussion of observations. Architect - wall under the beams for the tower. [[end page]] [[start page]] Hazy [[preprinted]]TUESDAY, APRIL 11, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Rainy Illumination on Thursday night this may interfere with my going to N.Y. this Thursday. Called on the war department to obtain a flag for display on the night of the great illumination was unable to obtain one although I received an order for that purpose - all the flags had been taken Sent to the navy yard but met with no better success Spent this evening and the last in examining the manuscript of Mr Morgan of Rochester on the systems of consanguinity of the different nations and tribes of the earth. The manuscript which Mr Morgan wishes to have adopted by the Institution for publication will make 800 pages according to his calculation of printed matter. I think it may be cut down and improved in arrangement
[[preprinted]]WEDNESDAY, APRIL 12, 1865.[[/preprinted]] sold today the scrap copper from the building the price has gone down from 30 to 16 cents per pound since the fire. Called on the secretary of the Treasury relative to a vacation for Dr Tonney. The secretary very favorable will grant the vacation but wishes to do more to give the Institute a commission which will give him his expenses - advised that the Dr be sent to California [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]]THURSDAY, APRIL 13, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Engaged in correspondence wrote to Dr Gray Mr Meads Mr Goodwin Innis Tonney Sum check for Mr Rhees to pay various accounts to the amount of 800 dollars. Preparation making for the great illumination of this evening wrote to Professor Loomis to ask whether he cannot furnish an article for our Report on the aurora [[end page]]
[[start page]] Clear [[preprinted]]FRIDAY, APRIL 14, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Started this morning at 1/2 past eleven with Helen for Phil[[d superscript]] and New York - to New-York to inspect the fog signal made by Daboll 7 Phil[[d superscript]] to see about our publications - When we got to Phil' at about six o'clock concluded to go on Helen to Princeton I to New-York - arrived at the former place about 8 P.M. and at [[strikethrough]] the latter at 10 - went to the Astor House - took supper and after this was immediately wishing to go to bed wrote to Mrs. H. and as I was placing the letter in the box at the bar hear a nanny say to the clerk "I have just returned from the telegraph office and was there informed that the President had been shot" the news was at first considered a hoax but I was fearful it might be true. Several persons then started for the telegraph office who returned with the same intelligence not being able to get further particulars I [[end page]] [[start page]] Rain at [[preprinted]]SATURDAY. APRIL 15, 1865.[[/preprinted]] about 1/2 past 3 p m went to bed but did not sleep - at about 6 o'clock I opened the door of my room and asked of a passer by what additional news had come from Washington - The answer was the President is dying Mr Seward is still alive On hearing this I determined to get threw [[sic]] with as much business which brought me to N.Y. today [[underline]] Saturday [[/underline]] and return to Phil[[d superscript]] on the evening train. Called on Admiral Dr. Reither [[Rather?]], Com. Powell went with him to the work shop of the Erickson engine factory - there found Daboll ready to exhibit the fog trumpets: also the trumpets made for England - the instrument performs very well and gives a sound to [[sic]] intense to be endured with the naked ears - was introduced to Mr. Howland one of the proprietors of the new steam company called Neptune which goes between N.Y and[[ampersand]] Boston - This company is desirous to have the fog trumpet put on a point of land in Narragansett Bay called Beaver Tail. I have concluded after hearing [[end page]]
[[start page]] showery [[preprinted]]SUNDAY, APRIL 16, 1865.[[/preprinted]] [[the following sentence is continued from the previous day's page]] the representation of the proprietors of this company to advise the Board to place it at the Point just named and to order another for experiments by Daboll. Fogs are most common in June and our experiments ought to be made at that time. We want for the purpose an apparatus which can be put up beside and compared with a bell and other apparatus and then removed to another place. After this I visited the steam shop Neptune company's establishment - was introduced to Capt Nigh long known as the sailor of boats on the sound I next called on Dr. Torrey was agreeably surprised to learn that the Dr had been ordered to California with an assistant from the Treasury Department to go with. I next started in the 4 o'clock train for Phil[[d superscript]] but did not arrive until near eleven o'clock had a most tedious and uncomfortable passage New York was in a state of intense excitement on account of the death of the President. Large bodies of men were even gathering in squads at various points and fears were intertained(sic) that there would be outbreaks of popular feeling. [[end page]] [[start page]] Phil d[[superscript]] Rainy in morning [[preprinted]]MONDAY, APRIL 17, 1865. [[/preprinted]] clear in the middle and after part of day On Sunday heard Dr. Boardman preach a very impressive and eloquent sermon on the event of Friday night. The city much excited and popular feeling strongly against the south. Called at the Academy of Natural History found there Dr. Alan [[?]] who has written the work on batts(sic)[[busts?]] for the Inst[[on superscript]] also Mr Conrad the paleontologist - The latter intends soon to visit this city will probably stop with us - Inspected the cellar of the Ac[[d superscript]] found plenty of room for our plates but will require a partition wall of brick to separate our space from that of the other part of the cellar the latter being timbered with old boxes and other combustable[[sic]] articles Next visited Collin's establishment said Mr Birney's books had cost an immense sum for corrections - had no idea of the extent when it was first commenced. Will send me a duplicate of the account rendered previous to the fire. Visited the rooms of the American Phil. Society learned from Mr Lesley that the Blackwell manuscript had not yet been received. Pliney Chase has published a paper on Language in which he quotes from Dr. Graminer & [[Decl?]] of the[[Eusaber?]] language without mentioning the S.I. Dined with Mr Burt my old friend and pupil [[end page]]
[[start page]] clear [[preprinted]]TUESDAY, APRIL 18, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Inspected grave stones to select one for William Left Phil[[d superscript]] at one. 30 arrived at home at 7 o'clock found family in a state of solicitud as to the coming events. Letter on my table from the assistant secretary of the Treasury asking whether the officers of the Inst[[on superscript]] wished to attend the funeral of the President Answered immediately that they do - that I had returned to Washington for the express purpose. Letter from Gen. Delafield relative to the importance of procuring a flag. Do not like the tone. Mrs Henry had borrowed a flag from Admiral Davis which will display over our house tomorrow. [[end page]] [[start page]] Beautiful day [[preprinted]]WEDNESDAY, APRIL 19, 1865.[[/preprinted]] At ten o'clock went with Mary and Mr. Gill to the Treasury Dept. Attended the funeral obsequies of the Lamented President the largest concourse of persons ever gathered in this city. The representatives of the S.I. [[(Smithsonian Institution)]] were myself Mr. Seaton Prof. Baird and Mr Gill - There were added to our party Dudley S. Field of N.Y. and Mr Lundlen of Brooklin [[sic]] N.Y. The former informed me that a message from England would probably be sent to the S. I. about the end of July through the telegraph cable [[end page]]
THURSDAY, APRIL 20, 1865. [[preprinted]] This is a day of[[caret]] collapse. little done in the city [[end page]] [[start page]] FRIDAY, APRIL 21, 1865. [[preprinted]] engaged in correspondence. Dr. Withenell employed on the the Report on ventilation of the Capitol. Dr. Beush has assorted all the museums of the apparatus.
[[start page]] [[preprinted]]SATURDAY, APRIL 22, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Wrote to Boyd to put money from mortgage into seven thirties- Letter from Goodwin relative to the oil to be tested - Meeting of L. H. B the Fog Transport which I went on to inspect - was ordered to be sent to Beaver Tail. Another transport ordered to be constructed immediately. Meeting of the executive committee at the house of the Chief Justice. Present Chief Jus. Gen Delafield and myself. The majority present were in favour of selling the gold. as to selling the stock it was thought best that the secretary should confer with Cook and Com. whether we shall keep or dispose of the Virginia [[ampersand]] Tennessee stock - Deposit the proceeds of the sale of the Gold with Mr Skinner [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]]SUNDAY, APRIL 23, 1865.[[/preprinted]] [[stricken]] Wrote to Boyd to put money from mortgage into seven thirties- Letter from Goodwin relative to the oil [[/stricken]] My object is now to reduce as much as possible the working force of the Inst[[on superscript]]. The death of Mr. Varden leaves a vacancy which I do not intend to fill - Mr. De Beush must sheek(sic) other employment although on account of the loss of his furniture and his tools I think some compensation should be allowed him. He has been connected with the Institution upwards of 12 years and during that time has rendered good service His tools were lost while in the service of the Institution and ought to be paid for, I propose to give him a leave of absence until he can get into other employment. [[end page]]
[[start page]] clear [[preprinted]]MONDAY, APRIL 24, 1865.[[/preprinted]] clear Called upon the Chief Justice relative to the purchase of beams for the towers - approved the decision of the architect and myself. gave me a written introduction to Cook [[ampersand]] Co. Called on Cook [[ampersand]] Co. Advised that if not pressed for money we do not sell the Virginia [[ampersand]] Tennessee stocks thinks they will be be higher as soon as peace is restored and the state declared not responsible for the Confederate debt. - Gold he thinks will go down slowly - The fact that it has not changed on account of the assassination of the President shows the general feeling of stability among business men. Indiana stock is low would prefer to sell that to the sale of Virginia. Bank account nearly balanced only 144 dolls on hand over the 15000 in gold. Attended meeting of the Board of Columbian College. favourable exposition of the state of the permanency the establishment [[end page]] [[start page]] Clear [[preprinted]]TUESDAY, APRIL 25, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Saw the public printer yesterday - will let me know when the copies of the Report can be delivered - Provost Marshal sent to Inst papers which secret writing was supposed to be inscribed referred to Dr. Witherell. correspondence Called in the evening [[caret]]on Gen Delafield [[/caret]] with the architect to discuss the plans of the repair of the S building spent all the evening - to meet again [[strikethrough]]tomorrow [[/strikethrough]] day after tomorrow at one oclock[[sic]] at the Inst[[on superscript]]. The Gen. does not think well using the back stairs for the general entrance - We must encounter some difficulties to avoid others. [[end page]]
clear [[preprinted]]WEDNESDAY, APRIL 26, 1865.[[/preprinted]] clear ordered Mr Riggs this morning to sell our gold. The price has gone up since we received the article. I sell because the majority of the committee are in in favour of this course. Called on the President of the U.S. informed him that by the regulations of the members of this establishment of the Smithsonian Institute a meeting of that body takes place annually on the first Tuesday in May. Also requested permission to invite Dr Woolsey President of Yale College to be present The President stated in reply that he would attend if it was possible at the time and that I had his authority to write Dr. Woolsey to be present. Had a long talk with Mr DeBeust on the propensity of his leaving the Institution Will give him a leave of absence and also occasionally jobs of apparatus to mend. Called by appointment on the Secretary of treasury in the evening He will attend the meeting of the establishment on Tuesday [[end page]] [[start page]] clear [[preprinted]]THURSDAY, APRIL 27, 1865.[[/preprinted]] clear working with Dr Bache - settling accounts which have been accumulating during the month. Called with the architect on Gen. Delafield and settled the plans of the repair of the building - The main stairs to be in the north part, Three sets of rooms each with three rooms across the front towers. The alteration is in conformity with the ideas of Gen Delafield The present stairs are to be removed and tight inner ones put in their place. The south tower will be divided into an additional story which will give considerable increase of effective rooms - a ready access is also to be made into the rooms above the Regents rooms so that these can be rendered more useful. gave orders to advance to Dr Tonney 140 dollars for the preservation of the Exploring Exhibition plants. The purchase of paper and gluing [[end page]]
[[start page]] Clear [[over strikethrough misty]][[preprinted]]FRIDAY, APRIL 28, 1865.[[/preprinted]] High wind in the night answered meteorological letters - Discussed the completion of the 8 volumes of publication wrote to Collins to give full statements of the condition of the several parts of this series. Answered meteorological questions. That letter and answer to be published in the monthly buletin(sic) of the agricultural Dept. [[line]] [[written vertically, bottom to top of page]] See Sunday [[stricken illegible]] April '60 [[below line]] New check list of the [[underline]] Eocene [[?]] [[/underline]] fossils has been prepared by Mr Conrad of Ph. It is completed and ready for use but not published. There are not many specimens to be distributed under this list. Nearly all of the lists are made up necessary for the distribution. [[end page]] [[start page]] Misty [[preprinted]]SATURDAY, APRIL 29, 1865.[[/preprinted]] High wind Rain in afternoon Meeting of the Light House Board no business of importance. Addressed a letter to B. B. French suggesting the labelling(sic) of all the trees of the public grounds with common and botanical names - had written to Dr. Gray on the subject- who had recommended Mr. Smith of the government green house as having the proper knowledge. Looked over accounts - Directed extra carpenter to be discharged- Directed that someone should do the work which Drexler is now paid for. Meeting of the club at our house - asked Col Hardee - Gen. Angus Sec[[y superscript]] Dance who was kept away by the rain [[end page]]
[[start page]] Clear in north [[pre-printed]]SUNDAY, APRIL 30, 1865.[[/pre-printed]] Rain at 5 o'clock May 3rd 5 am Wednesday May 3 also April 28 Mr Meek spoke to me this morning in regard to pay for services rendered in making [[underlined]] check [[\underlined]] list cretaceous [[??]] and Museum fossils The two first are in one pamphlet and for this the sum of 50 dollars is a small sum. For identifying preparing for distribution and marking & recording nearly 3000 names - the sum of 150 dolls this is not extravagant for three month's labour They were made up into sets properly labelled & numbered - ^The best set [[strikethrough]] No 1 [[\strikethrough]] was for the inst. which was not numbered No 1 contained the best specimens - No 2 the next &- all the specimens of each set was marked by a number corresponding to the check list. The whole number of sets was about either 13 or 14 - Mr. Meek has no collection of his own. Hudson has none [[end page]] [[start page]] cloudy in the morning [[preprinted]]MONDAY, MAY 1, 1865. [[/preprinted]] medium west clear in afternoon Letter from Dr. Woolery saying he cannot well attend the meeting of the establishment-. Notice to attend meeting of the committee of visitors at the Insane Hospital tomorrow Profess. of Schotts paper on the Hayes exp[[d superscript]] Also on the new orbit of Neptune. Called on the sec [[y superscript]] of the Treasury will attend meeting of the establishment Tomorrow - on the secretary of [[strikethrough]] the navy will come - on the secr [[y superscript]]of state will not be able to come is getting better but for several weeks will be required to take sustenance through a small tube. The gold has been sold at a premium of 58 3/4 - ordered that of the [[strikethrough]](premium and)[[/strikethrough]] original 15.000 be deposited with the Treasurer of the U S who will pay interest on all sums deposited for more than 30 days. Read the proofs of the papers on the new orbit of Neptune [[end page]]
clear slight haziness [[preprinted]]TUESDAY, MAY 2, 1865. [[/Preprinted]] Sun shine much of the day but [[thr?]] patches of clouds Directed cleaning of the Library for the reception of the establishment. Engaged all morning in preparing for the meeting of the establishment. The meeting to be at 2 o'clock after the Cabinet meeting - The library was fully arranged for the meeting through I waited in anxious expectation of the arrival of the high functionaries none had[[inserted]] arrived at 4 o'clock when I adjourned the meeting no quorum being present. I have never been able to get a meeting of the establishment of the Inst[[on superscript]] since the election of the present cabinet. There has however been the excuse for the nonattendance in the press of business on account of the war. Mr Lincoln promised me that - at the next that is the present meeting he would attend with all his cabinet. - Read translation of article on Indian Rubber for the Report. [[end page]] [[start page]] clear [[preprinted]]Wednesday, May 3, 1865.[[/preprinted]] conversation with Mr Meek intends to leave for Chicago about the 15th of the month. The first part of his paper in the transactions is in the press and all ready for printing except the plates which merely require lettering. It makes 130 prepages with 5 plates. This contains the miscellaneous potions of the work the second will consist of the instances and will occupy about 200 pages and 12 or 14 plates. The 3rd part is the tertiary which will be as large as the first part. 1/3 of all the drawings were contributed by Mr Meek without pay - no pay for any of the drawings of the wood cuts. The paper when finished will contain an exposition of all the paleontology of the N. W of the U. S. The collection made under Capt Renolds is not included - perhaps some arrangement may be made [[stricken]]by[[/stricken]] with him for the publication of these Purchased picture of the battle of Gettesburgh(sic)
clear [[preprinted]]THURSDAY, MAY 4, 1865[[/preprinted]] Sprinkles in the night engaged on the Report Mr Alexander has translated the 4th series of Plateau the 3rd requires to be done. Wrote to the Mayor to recommend that Mr Cannon the watchman at the bridge foot of 10th street be made a local police man for the safety of passers across the S. grounds at night.________________ visit from Swiss colonel - friend of Mortain - ___________________ Letter from young Agassiz relative to the marking and distribution of plaster casts of Fossils described by Dr. Lindy. This work cannot be presented at present. Prof Baird went to Phil d[[superscript]]yesterday to study in the Academy in new points of ornithology [[end page]] [[start page]] cloudy- [[preprinted]]FRIDAY,MAY 5, 1865.[[/preprinted]] clear in afternoon Engaged in Report authorized the going on with the paper of Dr Stearpson will require about 20 additional pages signed receipts for the gifts of books here several hundred Wrote to Dr Hayden to take away and collect his books and other articles Wrote to Dr. Leydy to furnish account of his paper for the Report. To Mr Westley for photographic apparatus for Mr Wather of the Treasury Dept.
[[start page]] Tolerably clear [[preprinted]]SATURDAY, MAY 6, 1865. [[/preprinted]] Thunder storms last night Letter from Collins stating that the cost of the filling up of the vault in the cellar of the Phil d[[superscript]] Academy will be 350 or 400 dollars - This I think too much Let the plates be put in - the rubbish cleared away and a slat fence between the cellar and our space. Wrote Hilgand relative to two remarks Looked over the 1st 11 pages of Newcombs paper on Neptune. Attended Light House Board - Examination of oil - referred to me. Gen. Delafield will send down to the Inst. [[superscript]]n[[/superscript]] samples of all the boring from the [[artezian ?]] well at Point Comfort. The will is eight inches in diameter and between 3 and 4 hundred feet deep. Discussed with Dr [[Wethenall ?]] the true [[strikethough]] tech [[/strikethrough]] amount of the moist in the air for healthy breathing in a room artificially warmed in winter. Meeting of the club at Dr. Purkens was informed by the Sec[[superscript]]y[[/superscript]]. of the Treasury that the reason why the establishment did not attend ^[[on Tuesday]] was that the members were engaged in the discussion of important business until near 5 oclock [[start page]] clear with clouds [[preprinted]]SUNDAY, MAY 7, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Clear Monday & Miss Baker called to discuss the propriety of having an other meeting for the purpose of carrying out the law relative to the disabled soldiers home - am to meet on Tuesday evening at Admiral Davies [[end page]]
Cloudy Thunder rain at night [[preprinted]] MONDAY, MAY 8, 1865. [[/preprinted]] Rain in afternoon Letter from [[Syot?]] recommending that a large barometer be made by Green - Has one by Newman belonging to the Inst. Letter from Mrs Bage The Professor coming home. Wrote to Dr. Hayes to ask for the Introduction [[strikethrough]] of [[/strikethrough]] to his observations ----- To Dr Wood of Phil'd [[superscript]] to say I had given an order for the pay of his illustrations for the work on centipedes ----- Engaged on the Report answered letter to Professor Loomis relative to the preparation of a paper on the aurora for the Report giving the facts and theories - - - Directed that the description of the plates of Meeks paper be printed on a separate fly leaf. - - - Nearly all the publications of the Inst [[on superscript]] are Electrotyped instead of stereotyped [[end page]] [[start page]] cloudy rain in the night [[preprinted]]TUESDAY, MAY 9, 1865. [[/preprinted]] Rainy at night Engaged on Report Wrote to Leydy [[?]] to say he might have 75 copies of his paper - To Davis to ask whether he would be one of the vouchers for [[?]] Hadars paper. Conference with Dr. Gibbs relative to the formation of an atlas (Physical)of the N. American continent - submitted a plan - will confer with Col Abbott as to the execution of the maps- Examined with the architect and Mr De Beust who is about to learn all the drains and pipes of the building. Gave directions to have a better system of conduction of the water from the roof. Architect reports that the [[caret]] inner beams will be ready for use in 2 weeks Letter from Mrs Bache Pures 24 apart [[?]] Attended meeting in the evening of the assoc [[n superscript]] for the establishment of an assylum for disabled soldiers. Admiral Davis Rev Mr Manning and myself [[end page]]
cloudy cool [[preprinted]] WEDNESDAY, MAY 10, 1865.[[/preprinted]] cloudy Wrote to Professor Cope as to asking as voucher for Leidys paper - also to furnishing him at whole sale price with a supply for his class of works on N. H. Drafts for [[space]] dolls on Collins a/c Paid bill for wood cut engraving for Dr Wood's article on centipedes. Directed list to be made out of Donors to the Library for the last five years Ordered Mr Conrads check list to be published. Mr. Meeks list having here been published the distribution of the shells which he has been arranging can go on. Officers from the Provost Marshals office desiring information as to the age of writing no information could be given Attended meeting of the Trustees of Columbian college [[end page]] [[start page]] cloudy [[preprinted]]THURSDAY, MAY 11, 1865[[/preprinted]] Violent thunderstorm and rain in night Wrote to Collins asking information for charge on ruled paper with figures on right hand margin. Long letter to Binney - cannot pay amount for engraving until I have a full statement as to the condition of his book Letter from Mr Hacker the electrician wishing meteorological information. [[end page]]
[[strikethrough]] ch [[/strikethrough]] clear wind west [[preprinted]]FRIDAY, MAY 12, 1865.[[/preprinted]] clear Engaged on the report - ordered the printing of Mr Conrad's check list - The printing of 750 copies of Meeks paper - adopted the introduction to Meeks paper as corrected -. _____________________________________________________________________ May 25 continued - on this recommendation congress granted 20 thousand dollars The money was first placed in charges of Isherwood and afterwards into [[?]] of a commission [[end page]] [[start page]] clear [[preprinted]]SATURDAY, MAY 18, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Mr Mayor has presented his translation from the French of the determination of true velocity of light for the Report. Light House Board- _____________________________________________________________ May 25 Mr Dickerson informs me that there was a commission appointed about 3 years ago by the Navy Department to investigate the assertions of Mr D relative to the erroneous principles adopted in the construction of the ships of the Navy - The report was made in 3 years ago - to the affects that the boilers in use were unanimously condemned as inferior to the boilers used by other navies and that the engines were inferior to giving one third less power than could have been obtained in the same spaces and weight by other engines. The boilers were those of Martin. As to the theory of expansion there was a division. two advocating expansion and the remainder thought there was but little gain by expansion but recommended experiments to be tried. ________________________________________________________________
Clear [[preprinted]]SUNDAY, MAY 14, 1865.[[/preprinted]] clear The following are the [[end page]] [[start page]] clear [[preprinted]]MONDAY, MAY 15, 1856.[[/preprinted]] clear warm Wrote to Mr Lee to ask whether he would act as voucher to the paper on the invertebrate fossils of the cretaceous period. To Collins order to print 750 copies of Meeks paper - also to Cassin to print same number of plates - Riggs had not properly deposited the 15 thousand dollars - Called on Gen Skinner[[?]] had the matter adjusted - Interest from the deposit allowed saw Mr Walker about Bache [[Buche?]]- Mr Nicholson called according to appointment - Has several matters in hand 1 The tornado record of 1860 will finish this in two or three weeks. 2. The records and may [[maps?]] of altitudes of the continent of North America - records are copied - maps in progress 3. copy of the observations of Berlander will be ready for publication during the winter 4. notes of the expansion of iron under the influence of galvanizer [[end page]]
clear [[preprinted]]TUESDAY, MAY 16, 1865.[[/preprinted]] clear ordered the printing of Mr. Stirnpsons shell paper small pamphlets - descriptions of specimens in the S.I. Engaged on the Report visit from Gov. Akin of S.C. south much frustrated all mails between 15 and 50 cut off. Prof Baird showed lists of distribution of specimens to Museums and colleges Sent certificate of deposit of 15,000 dolls with the U.S. treasurer for safe keeping to Riggs &co. Must give 10 days notice before drawing out. Mr. Mack who has been continuously for two or three years in the I.S. leaves with Mr. Stempson this evening for Chigo. Solomon showed us his first effort in the way of making casts of fossils and antiquities - very good - taking lessons from Mr Meek. Met Dr. Wethenall in the evening to read report on ventillation. Gov. Arkin called to see me. [[end page]] [[start page]] wind S clear [[preprinted]]WEDNESDAY, MAY 17, 1865[[/preprinted]] wind S clear warm Letter from Mr. Burney - returned my letters all he was authorized to expend was 100 dollars for wood cuts while there are accounts to the amount of 1000 the money was well expended. Professor Baird presented a number of letters addressed to southern colleges and sororities announcing the sending of specimens of shells & - these letters to be kept until the establishments are reopened. Engaged in reading the Report of Methenall on ventillation. Engaged in reading the Report of Dr. [[Wetherall]] on ventillation. [[end page]]
Cloudy [[preprinted]]THURSDAY, MAY 18, 1865.[[/preprinted]] rain with thunder Wrote to Collin's as to the preparation of a room in the cellar of the Academy of N H Phil [[d superscript]] for the deposit of the electrotype plates of the Inst[[on superscript]] also for more specific account of part of bill - relative to blank check tests. correspondence Engaged on Dr Wethenalls Report on ventillation - Wrote recommendation for Mr De Beust who is about to leave the Inst [[on superscript]] [[end page]] [[start page]] cloudy rainy [[preprinted]]FRIDAY, MAY 19, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Rain in evening Wrote to Dr Gould relative to the waste survey Completed the reading of the Report of Dr Wethenall on the ventillation of the Capitol [[end page]]
Showery [[preprinted]]SATURDAY, MAY 20,1865.[[/preprinted]] attended meeting of the Light House Board Seeing the Sec[[y superscript]] of the Treasury relative to the coast survey. [[end page]] [[start page]] showery [[preprinted]]SUNDAY, MAY 21, 1865. [[/preprinted]] Thunderstorms
Rainy [[preprinted]]MONDAY, MAY 22, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Rainy Letter on telescope fitted to a tower To Prof. Borshman of Hellmeringhausen with passage of books on N. I. in return for models of fungi Professor Paines approved - Had long talk with him relative to the superintendence of the coast survey. I urged the importance of his becoming a candidate [[end page]] [[start page]] clear [[preprinted]]TUESDAY, MAY 23, 1865.[[/preprinted]] wind west The [[caret]]first[[/caret]]day of the great Review - Inst[[on superscript]] still in the running - open in the afternoon large number of visitors Telegram from Kennicott San Francisco asking that I would see the sec.y of the Treasury as to ordering Capt Scammon of the Revenue service on the telegraph exhibition wanted on account of great knowledge and experience in arctic exploration - The cutter of which Capt Scammon is the commander has been assigned to the use of the company for 3 months this time is now up. The service of the capt is now required not of the vessel. [[end page]]
clear [[preprinted]]WEDNESDAY, MAY 24, 1865.[[/preprinted]] clear 2nd Day of the great Rev. The whole affair has been a highly interesting and solemn exhibition and has served to give an idea of the immense size and power of our army which no mere description could begin to impart. Our house has been filled with friends who have come to see the review besides own family we have eleven guests Letter introducing Mr George Albren Esq of Pitts[[b superscript]] an imperial meteorologist - gave me the fol. rules - If the 4th and 6th day of the moon are similar (wet or dry) 3/4 of the whole lunar month will be the same If the 5th & 6th be similar 7/8 will be the same [[end page]] [[start page]] with sunshine cloudy [[preprinted]]THURSDAY, MAY 25, 1865[[/preprinted]] cloudy Mr Dr Beust who has been connected with the Institution for 12 years takes his leave today - I could not take leave of him without serious emotion. Mr. Patterson and daughters left. Gave orders that the plates for the [[stricken]]engraving[[/stricken]] illustration of Deans paper on the Medulla Oblongata should be reengraved if not paid for this years [[stricken]]cost[[/stricken]] 300 dollars. Called on the secretary of War relative Capt. [[stricken?]] Scammon to be ordered to go with the telegraph company to [[Behrings]] Strait - Dept would not give order but granted leave - sent telegram Engaged in correspondence - study of Hydrometers. Professor [[Lovering?]] spent morning in the library.
cloudy east wind [[preprinted]]FRIDAY, MAY 26, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Rainy very cool Read review of the S. I. in the Canadian Journal very favourable - Correspondence wrote to Greyot to send our Newman's Barometer - to speak to Mr Griers about making a large Barometer - To Prof Melbourne relative to the memoirs of Mr Morgan requesting it to be given to Prof Green. To Dr Gould to say papers for the Academy's members can be sent through the state department. The museum has been crowded for several days past with visitors. [[end page]] [[start page]] strong wind N E thick cloud [[preprinted]]SATURDAY, MAY 27, 1865. [[/preprinted]] Rain clear in west toward night correspondence Directed the apparatus room in the cellar to be arranged. The lumber to be put in the large basement. [[end page]]
Floating clouds [[preprinted]]SUNDAY, MAY 28, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Rain at night Mr Dickerson who is visiting me states that the government are now building he thinks six large vessels of the of the Wampanog class about [[stricken]]35,000 [[/stricken]] 35 hundred tuns. Which he asserts will be failures because the engines cannot be kept running at Sea This is his prediction [[two sketches]] [[end page]] [[start page]] Clear floating clouds [[preprinted]]MONDAY, MAY 29, 1865. [[/preprinted]] clear Allowed Prof Baird to hire a man for one month to assist in sending off the packages._________________________ Directed the astronomical instruments to be put into a can in the packing room. General Alvord author of paper on the Tangencies of circles and spheres called will remain some time in the city - wants an introduction to Newcomb who examined his paper. Wrote to Isaac Ian asking another copy of the appendix which he prepared to add to the 2nd volume of the Bibliography of conchology Interview with Admiral Davis who informed me that Pierce would do as he directed and that he would advise his acceptance provisionally of the change of the coast survey. Large number of packages arriving for exchange [[end page]]
clear warm TUESDAY, MAY 30, 1865. [[preprinted]] clear warm Wrote to Gibbs relative to room in the Capitol for National Academy cannot have one. to Westley ordering new edition of Tyndalls book. To National Philosophy Society [[?]] thanks for status as Honorary Member Sent 500 dollars to the motherinlaw of Mr Rhess. Mr Dickerson the engineer and his wife who[[caret]] have been with us since Monday night a week ago left for home this morning in the 7:30 train. Wrote to Miss Tonney for amounts for the paper and string for plants in charge of her Father The Museum since the Review has been crowded with soldiers. Several hundred at a time. [[end page]] [[start page]] Clear WEDNESDAY, MAY 31, 1865. [[preprinted]] hazy slight wind S E Studied the whole matter of Binney's conchology wrote to say I would examine the parts in dispute between him and Lea - asked for his story for the manuscript of his [[Pulm?]] - The correspondence of the Inst on[[superscript]] with him. Would pay for the general index as soon as it is completed Museum still crowded Mr Baird informs me that he has made up 13 sets of arctic Birds eggs for distribution
Hazy but not cloudy [[preprinted]]THURSDAY, JUNE 1, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Hazy very warm Day set apart by the President for the mourning for Mr Lincoln - The building will be shut until 12 o'clock. - attended church - Mr Walten has placed in my charge the the copy of the report which Dr Wethenall has been making on the air of the capitol Mr. W. Laonig resigned his office as superin[[t superscript]] of the Capitol extension - I shall ask to have the next report printed - crowds of visitors to the museum. [[underlined]]Put up apparatus for giving shocks [[/ underlined]] [[end page]] [[start page]] clear but hazy [[preprinted]]FRIDAY, JUNE 2,1865.[[/preprinted]] clear little hazy The [[coniples?]] [[Residers?]] for [[caret]]10th[[/caret]] April 1865 contains an article on the dimination of temperature which is observed in the in the months in the months of Feb [[underlined]]y [[/underlined]] May; Aug & Nov. By Divells attributed the shooting stars, Study this in relation to the observations of Prof. Caswell. Arranged history of the S. I. for the [[?]] of Latination wrote Alexander Agussig cannot at present make casts of fossils. call for Prof. Hopkins of William's college wrote S of Canadian Inst[[on superscript]] for number of Journal makes up our set: To Prof Newton of New Haven [[underlined]]preparation of an account of the present knowledge [[/underlined]] of shooting stars and [[?]] will pay say 50 dolls. Paid an other bill on account of drawings of birds egges(sic) for Dr. Brewer's work in all up to this about 100 doll. Paid account of glass paint for upwards of 100 dolls. visited the Printer will put more hands on the Report for 1864.
very warm Clear Slightly Hazy [[preprinted]]SATURDAY, JUNE 3, 1865 [[/preprinted]] clear warm Mr Lea will send me his list for insertion in the appendix to the 2nd part of the Bibliography Allows his name to be appended to the paper of Meek as one of the vouchers. Paper for Mortoit on antiquities translated for the Inst[[on superscript]]. To be inserted in our Report for 1864- Admiral Davis furnishes a report translated from the French of Bacquenall on the protection of metals at sea. Interview with Mr Hilgard of the Coast Survey relative to the successor of Mr Bache, informed him that Prof Picner was the only available candidate on whom the suffrage of the scientific world would be concentrated. He acquiesced in this opinion Printer will put more hands on Report Club met at Mr Taylors [[end page]] [[start page]] very warm Slightly Hazy [[preprinted]]SUNDAY, JUNE 4, 1865.[[/preprinted]] [[crossed out]]very warm clouds in the west with rain in the night[[/crossed out]] This bids fair to be a very hot day ---- Wrote to Mr Vase of N H local floras are unacceptable To Mrs. Edson relative to a barometer registered by galvanesion or another by electromagnetism. Draft of letter to Dykink history of the S. I. ------- Called on new secry of Inter. to speak in favor of Mr. Kennedy - did not make much impression The sec[[y superscript]] will print the report on the ventillation(sic) immediately. Has nothing to do with the agricultural Depart. Meeting of the Light House Board The Sec[[y superscript]] of the Treasury present. several matters referred to him. His answers very satisfactory Davis informed me that he would prefer the coast survey to his present position I informed him that he would not succeed. He then said Pierce would be a candidate. Visited the Navy Yard with Mr Cure to see an iron roof suitable to the towers of the Inst[[on superscripted and underlined]]. [[circled]] This insertion belongs to Monday [[/circled]]
[[crossed out]] cooler rain night cloudy [[/crossed out]] Hazy very hot clouds in west [[preprinted]]MONDAY, JUNE 5, 1865.[[/preprinted]] little rain at night Tuesday [[stricken]] Mr Rhees leaves this morning to be about a work in Phil[[d superscript]] [[/stricken]] The museum still continues to be crowded with soldiers. Professor Baird occupied in sorting birds eggs - & in marking up the invoice of sending for 1865 [[circled]] The records of today put by mistake on the space for Sunday[[/circled]] Rec[[d superscript]] 650 copies of Report for 1863 Read [[stricken]]report[[/stricken]] proof of the report of the proceedings of the Society of [[?]] for the Report of 1864. [[end page]] [[start page]] cooler little rain in night [[preprinted]]TUESDAY, JUNE 6, 1865.[[/preprinted]] overcast cool cloudy cloudy overcast Mr. Rhees starts this morning for Phil[[d superscript]] wrote to [[?]] about the history of the Inst in the encyclopedia of Amer. Literature - Sent recommendation for Guyots maps & request to the sect. of the Treas. for order that packages from abroad may be let into the Boston Custom house as into the N. Y. free of duty. Gave to the public printer the Report of Dr. Wethenall on the ventillation(sic) of the Capitol will print it within this month the plates to be steneotyped at expense of Inst[[on/superscript]].
cloudy [[preprinted]]WEDNESDAY, JUNE 7, 1865.[[/preprinted]] clear very warm Wrote to Commandore Powell relative to our experiments on the fog signals will meet the latter part of this month. Meeting of the corporations of the Military and Naval asylum for totally disabled volunteer officers and men in the library of the S. I. at 12 o'clock noon There not being a quorum the meeting adjourned to be called again by a committee [[underlined]] Mr Odell[[/underlined]] of N Y [[underlined]] Jos Henry Gen Jos. K Barnes Admiral Daves Gen Howard [[/underlined]] members of the committee. The Secretary of War is to refer the matter of proxy to the attorney Gen. for his opinion as to its legality. Wrote to Dr Gould relative coast. survey [[end page]] [[start page]] clear [[preprinted]]THURSDAY, JUNE 8, 1865.[[/preprinted]] sprinkle of rain 5 oclock / thunder [[?]][[ap aJ, isp?]] Wrote to Gaudin of Paris for another set of crystatographic models enclosed in letter to Bossange. To Adler to send on a paper on linguistics which may perhaps be published in the annual Report. To Rev Rob. I. Brashainize acknowledging receipt of proxy to vote at meeting of the Assylum To several persons and Inst[[on superscript]] announcing the presentation of sets of [[arctic?]] eggs. Communication from the secretary of the Treasury asking analysis of sugar[[?]] a new article on sugar in a new form. Dr Gray writes to Prof. Baird relative to the distribution of plants of the Expl. Exped. abroad. Review of articles from the printing office Rec[[d superscript]] From the Treasury Dept a sample of coarse sugar called [[covents?]]
clear flying clouds [[preprinted]]FRIDAY, JUNE 9, 1865.[[/preprinted]] clear very warm Attended an extra meeting of the Light-House board The person who made the lowest bid for the buoys on Monday is denounced as an seccessionist and not capable of properly fulfilling the contract - The board will examine the charge of his incompetency but not into his political proclivities. --- called at the State Department with letters for the foreign members of the National Acdy. to be sent abroad. They can be sent to London but there is no provision for sending to other places. - They may be sent to the agents of the S.I. --------- [[end page]] [[start page]] Cloudy [[preprinted]]SATURDAY, JUNE 10, 1865.[[/preprinted]] cloudy Thunder gust Engaged in arranging the apparatus in the dark room. [[end page]]
cloudy [[preprinted]]SUNDAY, JUNE 11, 1865.[[preprinted]] cloudy Attended the celebration of dedicating two monuments on the battle fields of the 1st and sec [[d superscript]] Bull-Run. They were enacted by the soldiers and officers of Gen Canbles command [[end page]] [[start page]] slightly cloudy [[preprinted]]MONDAY, JUNE 12, 1865.[[/preprinted]] cloudy unwell attack of [[dia ?]] . The fatigue of yesterday was too much for me. Dr Wethenall experimenting on ozone and antiozone. Prof Baird assorting and marking sets of birds and eggs. Mr Rhees still away [[end page]]
clear warm [[preprinted]]TUESDAY, JUNE 13, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Thunderstorm send circular letter of introduction to Mr. Mead Engaged in corresponding bring up the business since Mr Rhees has been abroad Visit from I. Miller of the south [end page] [start page] [[preprinted]]WEDNESDAY, JUNE 14, 1865.[[preprinted]] rain correspondence [end page]
cloudy [[preprinted]]THURSDAY, JUNE 15, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Misty Correspondence - Wrote to Weatley - order microscope for Treasury Dept. Examined piece of ham for poison none discovered. Wrote to the secry of the Treasury an account of examination of a subject called auger concrete in relation to the subject of tarif. Re [[d superscript]] that when the article is imported the invoice be analyzed. [[end page]] [[start page]] clear [[preprinted]]FRIDAY, JUNE 16, 1865.[[/preprinted]] clear meeting of the Light House Board The day of the meeting will move forward to Friday Re[[d superscript]] order from the Light House Board to import a trumpet for fog signalizing [[end page]]
[[preprinted]] SATURDAY, JUNE 17, 1865. [[/preprinted]] Drew up resolutions for the meeting of the visitors of the asylum for the insane Met the Board of visitors at the office of the Mayor - Preferred to hand a copy of the Report for 1863 to each member of the Board of Alderman Sent Lauck to the Mayor invoice for a [[?uppy]] [[end page] [[start page]] Clear Hot [[preprinted]] SUNDAY, JUNE 18, 1865. [[/preprinted]] clear Hot attended the funeral service at the Asylum of Mrs Nichols. was sent for by Gen Dwite in an ambulance - Dr Grinley preached
cloudy [[preprinted]]MONDAY, JUNE 19, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Thunder storm engaged in correspondence answered letter from Mr [[space]] of the engravers office who brought a poisoned ham to the institution to be examined - I am always careful not to engage in the investigation of cases of poisoning - Garth of Phil[[d superscript]] will not touch one under a fee of 500 dollars. [[end page]] [[start page]] Cloudy rainy [[preprinted]]TUESDAY, JUNE 20, 1865.[[/preprinted]] rainy Correspondence sent a hygroscope to Mr Taylor of the Patent office - Wrote to Smith the chemist about meteorite - To W Mitchell about procuring rattlesnakes very difficult to get asked for a copy of work on medical electricity Commenced paper to the French minister on weights and measures Letter from Mrs Bache - start on the 7th will be in N Y about the 1st of [[end page]]
cloudy [[preprinted]]WEDNESDAY, JUNE 21, 1865.[[/preprinted]] warm Finished the Report on weights and measures for the French Embassador(sic) Wrote [[space]] of St Louis member of Congress elect. To several parties sending specimens of shells. Call from Dr Robert R McIlvain of committee - Call from Mr Au of New York a French gentleman who has invented a method of impelling projectiles under water, and has made one of the articles for the French government. [[end page]] [[start page]] clear [[preprinted]]THURSDAY, JUNE 22, 1865.[[/preprinted]] clear Sent 147 to Guard Insurance Co. to pay my premium.
clear [[preprinted]]FRIDAY, JUNE 23, 1865.[[/preprinted]] clear very warm Attended light House Board examined the accounts for the month. visited the printer will commence the printing of the Report on ventillation. [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]]SATURDAY, JUNE 24, 1865[[/preprinted]] started at eleven for Phil[[d superscript]] arrived at about 6 went to Chestnut Hill spent Sunday at the house of my friend Mrs Patterson
[[preprinted]]SUNDAY, JUNE 25, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Chestnut Hill [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]]MONDAY, JUNE 26, 1865.[[/preprinted]] started for Princeton to attend the Commencement - arrived at about 12 o'clock meeting of Trustees at 3 -
[[preprinted]] TUESDAY, JUNE 27, 1865. [[/preprinted]] Meeting of Trustees. The celebration of the Clio Society oration by the Rev. Dr. Kirk of Boston - History Mr Giger Meeting at dinner of the Clio members - I am called our speech well taken In the evening the Junior speaking - I am one of the Judges from the three medals The attorney general has decided that a majority of the corporatons of the Asylum for disabled volunteers must be present to do business. [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]] WEDNESDAY, JUNE 28, 1865. [[/preprinted]] Commencement day - meeting of the Trustees - my old account ordered to be paid - original $1500 for purchase of apparatus - Interest on the same for 21 years - Commencement exercises - Service of the Trustees and the meeting of the Alumni - called out again. Called on Mrs Brown suggest that her son should come to Washington to prepare himself for his new position as curator of the museum. Called on Mr. Ilevaise in regard to the book of Mr. Morgan ought to be rewritten - much was discussed
[[preprinted]]THURSDAY, JUNE 29, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Rested in the morning, Started in the afternoon for New-York Put up at the Astor House [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]]FRIDAY, JUNE 30,1865.[[/preprinted]] Called at the Light House office No 7 Bowling Green addressed note to Mr Blunt to ascertain whether Mr Bache had arrived - had arrived and was to be found at 42 Eleventh St Discussed with Mr Leederly the experiments on sound to be made Called to see Mr Bache - found him very feeble in body mind more clear. Returned to dinner at the Astor Found Gov. McLelland of Michigan[[?}}
[[preprinted]]SATURDAY, JULY 1, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Again [[stricken]]Met[[/stricken]] had conference with Mr Leederly as to the experiments concluded to go on Monday to New Haven to see how the light house at that place would answer for experiments Also called again to see Mr Bache. Started for Long Branch to spend Sunday with my friend Harry Alexander Mr Rhees paid salaries today [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]]SUNDAY, JULY 2, 1865.[[/preprinted]] At Long Branch change of air delightful - church in the morning rested in the afternoon Engaged Mr Alexanders second son to make observations on the temperature of the water and air. Encroachment of the ocean on the bank 40 feet in 7 years Mr Leederly suggests wing walls at right angles to the line of the coast [[end page]]
[[preprinted]]MONDAY, JULY 3, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Returned to N.Y. Started for N Haven in the [[car?]] at 12 o'clock - arrived at about 3 took carriage for the Light House 5 or 6 miles off Examined the position think it will answer - Returned to city of N. H. walked through the college campus - but saw none of the Professors - went to the boat much fatigued and returned to state room. [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]]TUESDAY, JULY 4, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Arrived in N.Y. at about 7 in the morning - after breakfast went up to Mr Baches lodging - remained with him and Mrs Bache all day. Toward evening went to Dr Tonneys where I remained during the night Dr. Tonney enjoying his visit to California - made much of by his friend and the public generally [[end page]]
[[preprinted]]WEDNESDAY, JULY 5, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Discussion with Mr Leederly Interview with Prof Trobridge relative to the coast survey. Mr Bache should be retained as long as possible Started for Phil[[d superscript]] To late for the 7 oclock train to [[stricken]]Chany[[/stricken]] Chestnut Hill - arrived at about 10 P. M. was warmly re[[d superscript]] - by Mr P and family Mrs P looking better [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]]THURSDAY, JULY 6, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Remained in the House all day to recover air delightful Mr P. read extracts from a Pamphlet called - National Debt a National blessing melancholly exhibition of sophestry.
[[preprinted]]FRIDAY, JULY 7, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Remained in room all day weather exceedingly hot In the evening called on Mr Walter at Germantown. was shown all parts of his house which abounds in conveniences and elegances - Range of Babie's patern very good - one with a single oven to be preferred - no difficulty as to the draft. Top of house struck with lightening beautiful illustration of the explosive action of the repulsion of the air. [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]]SATURDAY, JULY 8, 1865[[/preprinted]] Came in to Phil[[d superscript]] in the 8 oclock train interview with Mr James Swain who is about to return to Paris to reside in that city - Will ask as the Smithsonian agent for the purchase of apparatus etc I can give him a written commission. To give him an account on my experiment on the current from the gas to the water pipe. Arrived at home at about 1/2 after 8 all well H. gone to Oxford. Henry was waiting for me with the horse at the Depot [[end page]]
[[preprinted]] SUNDAY, JULY 9, 1865. [[/preprinted]] The burning of the Building must produce an epoch in the history of the Institution In addition to the 300 dollars already expended on building to put it in full repair 100 thousand more will be required. This expenditure is chargable to Natural History and as this is but one branch of service it has had more than its share The building cannot be finished immediately but must be completed by degrees. The [[strikethrough]] build [[/strikethrough]] room must be put on next summer while the towers are finished this season. [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]] MONDAY, JULY 10, 1865. [[/preprinted]] Mr Baird informs me that he has sent off 69 boxes of books Mr Gill has assorted 8 full sets of alcoholic specimens of fish - for distribution Advanced to Collins on account [[$2500 or $25 superscript 00?]] Appointed A Alexander of Long Branch a meteorological observer to make a register of the temp of ocean.
[[preprinted]]TUESDAY, JULY 11, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Wrote an appointment certificate for Mr James Swaim as agent in France for the Smithsonian Inst. Advised Collins to complete two of his works on coneology Sent Binney's work to be estimated as to cost. Called on Gen. Delafield for signature to requisition. [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]]WEDNESDAY, JULY 12, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Engaged in correspondence The architect has presented a bill for the the iron beams amouning to nearly 4000 dollars. [[paper laid over last 3 lines of script]] [[covered]] not yet drawn the half yearly [[covered]] on the S.I. fund Judge Chase [[covered]] the city [[overlaid paper]] Hon I. A. Lewis Commissioner US Revenue - call on him to Mr Campbell - student of [[theol?]] Princeton [[end page]]
[[preprinted]]TUESDAY, JULY 11, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Wrote an appointment certificate for Mr James Swain as agent in France for the Smithsonian Inst. Advised Collins to complete two of his works on coneology Sent Binney's work to be estimated as to cost. Called on Gen. Delafield for signature to requisition. [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]]WEDNESDAY, JULY 12, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Engaged in correspondence The architect has presented a bill for the the iron beams amouning to nearly 4000 dollars. Have not yet drawn the half yearly interest on the S.I. fund Judge Chase is not in the city [[end page]]
Hon T. A Lewis commissionor N S Revenue - call on him to Mr Campbell - Student of Shiol[[?]] Brenertore
THURSDAY, JULY 13, 1865. [[preprinted]] Preparing matter for the Report Engaged in sketch of the connection of Gen Totten with the light House Board. The Smithsonian and Natural History [[end page]] [[start page]] FRIDAY, JULY 14, 1865. [[preprinted]] Finished sketch of connection of Gen Totten with this Inst and his labours in Natural History Attended meeting of Light House Board made report on experiments on sound Read the introduction to the article for the messallaneous collections by Temple Prince. Went to the printer's to correct paper on gun cotton Professor leaves to day for the north on his summer trip
[[preprinted]]SATURDAY, JULY 15, 1865. [[/preprinted]] Called upon Hon Mr Browning to find the address of a Mr Ficklin to send him letter from one of the coast survey. Visited the observatory to confer with Admiral Davis as to excursion to Lake Michigan on Light House inspection. I wish to examine the effects of the tornado in Wisconsin on 3rd of March Advised that observatory take part in the determination of the longitude between Washington and the point of termination of the telegraph [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]]SUNDAY, JULY 16, 1865.[[/preprinted]]
[[preprinted]]MONDAY, JULY 17, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Correspondence Wrote to Mr Irwin to excuse giving the name of Anser meteorite to the great specimen from Aruzona. Proposed to change its name to that Irwing Ausa Meteorite. Will give the specimens to LaFayette College next autumn. Called at [[ink blot]]]Treasury Depart requested that Dr. Torrey might be telegraphed to remain longer in California lost too much time in going over trust with the architect to confer with Gen Delafield relative to the roof to be put on the towers concluded to put on the principal one copper fastened with slips of wood , or rather separated from the [[stricken]]cop[[/stricken]] iron beams by slips of wood. The Gen. also agreed to the plans drawn by the architect [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]]TUESDAY, JULY 18, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Engaged on my Report before sending it to the Printer. Dr [[space]] from Richmond cousin of the Alexanders - was Surgeon General in the Southern Convention. Will write for books for the Richmond Library. Mr [[space]] from Nootca Sound who is about to take 100 girls to that country. Gave him blanks Signed paper presented by Miss Delphina Baker asking secretary of War to assign City Point or Point Look-out for asylum. [[end page]]
[[preprinted]]WEDNESDAY, JULY 19, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Engaged on Report ------- Dictated letters to Mrs Henry long one to Mr Hawley of Albany Men engaged in taking out the tyling and cleaning brick 2 dolls per day --- [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]]THURSDAY, JULY 20, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Engaged in correspondence Men engaged in removing the tyling of the floor of the south tower under the superintendance of Wortzel the carpenter - time 10 hours per day [[end page]]
[[preprinted]]FRIDAY, JULY 21, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Very warm Did not attend the meeting of the Light House Board called on the Sec [[y superscript]]of the Interior to inquire as to the sum we should ask from Congress for keeping the Museum of the Exploring Expedition Advanced [[underlined]]6000[[/underlined]] dollars the sum put on the bill by the com of Ways and Means - the bill lost. Gave letter in favour of Mr Peale for promotion. Men at work taking down the sec [[d superscript]] flooring of the entrance north of the building. [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]]SATURDAY, JULY 22, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Occupied with Mr Rhees in making out journal of events of the year since the fire. Communication from the Treasury Department asking researches to be made on the subject of spirits mixed with wood napthas Previous communication asking for investigations on hydrometers.
[[preprinted]] SUNDAY, JULY 23, 1865. [[/preprinted]] very warm - Remained at home Things to be done The upper story of the building will not be finished for perhaps several years and therefore the best disposition possible must be made of the present museum space. 1 The alcoholic specimens must be put in the smaller Towers 2 The ethnological collection must be arranged for full exhibition [[end page]] [[start page]] very warm [[preprinted]] MONDAY, JULY 24, 1865. [[/preprinted]] Engaged in reading proof of the Report for 1864 assisted by Mr Alexander of the Island. Mr George Gibbs returned two papers which had been referred to him for examination one on the language of a tribe of Indians of the N West coast by a Mr Knipes. The other on the manners customs etc of another tribe by Mr Swan both recommended for publication. I have concluded to accept these Mr Gibbs will furnish me with copies of the correspondence relative to the alphabet which was to be adopted for the S. I. publication This was not the one introduced by Turner The subject was referred to Gibbs and Whitney
very Hot [[preprinted]]TUESDAY, JULY 25, 1865.[[/preprinted]] reading proof with Col C Alexander Mr Rhees confined to his room Visit from Professor McChesney Amer. Consul to Liverpool - going back is from Chicago University, Gave orders that while the front Entrance is obstructed with workmen that a passage be made to the Museum through the N. E. small tower. Change one of Bunsons battery with perclorate of iron and clorate of pottasa the analogue of common salt which is clorate of Soday this latter on the side of the zinc amalgamates [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]]WEDNESDAY, JULY 26, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Reading Proof of Report Re [[d superscript] 200 dollars from Institution in Canada for sale of birds skins - money put in hands of Riggs & co. Directed New entrance into the Museum - through small N E Tower Mrs Connor [[removes?]] there. answers well - Dr Wetherall gives suggestions as to a laboratory in the fire proof part of the building. [[end page]]
very hot [[preprinted]] THURSDAY, JULY 27, 1865. [[/preprinted]] All day Engaged on Report settled bills - Losses collums Large deductions on account errors Bill for coal (Received 200 in gold For boards (for sale of Birds skins from Prof Branch Turbeck Mr Bairds work on Birds has cost thus far about 1000 dollars Rec[[superscript]] d [[/superscript]] Requisition from Mr Chase sent it to Riggs to sell - to place [[strikethrough]] 15000 [[/strikethrough]] 15000 dollars of proceeds [[strikethrough]] irt [[/strikethrough]] interes with Treasury remainder to credit of Inst[[superscript]] on [[/superscript]] Sent Estimate for 6000 dolls to Se[[superscript]] c [[/superscript]] of the Interior [[end page]] [[start page]] very hot [[preprinted]]FRIDAY, JULY 28, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Correspondence Wrote to thank ^Maximilian Prince of Wind for skin of Bever Bossange ordered Buffons works 40 F sent meteorological works to Dr Drapin Borrowed a [[?]] from B B F Informed Gen Banard that his Eulogy on Gen [[Totten?]] will be published in the Report for next year Attended meeting of Light House Board Napthalene is said to be a preservative of specimens of Natural History Wetherell Gill and myself all engaged on proofs. [[end page]]
very Hot [[preprinted]]SATURDAY, JULY 29, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Mr Rhees preparing to leave - arranged the articles in the order in which they are to appear in the Report. Recommendation of Dr. Wethanell as a chemist Mr Peale as examiner in chief The load of coal is expected at the beginning of the week cost 600 per ton 1.75 [[xxxxgh?]] 55 ds. delivery - has come since writing the foregoing [[circled]] The pay for the coal [[caret]]of last years[[/caret]] outside of the Building had not been fully settled for[[/circled]] Miss Turner absent a week has returned Paid Dr Grasslorn Tylers bill for last summer's attendance on foundry 34 dollars The bill for wood cutts for Burney's book not yet published is 345 dollars. Thanked Mr Beard for offer to read proof of this work in absence of author cannot begin it this year [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]]SUNDAY, JULY 30, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Mr Rhees left on Saturday night Violent storm of rain thunder & hail 5 inches of water fell in the corner of our house - Thunder high continuous with occasional swells - bad corner over the East ravaged overflowed outlets insufficient - the rain therefore was more [[?]] violent than ever before since the erection of the building since this never happened before
[[preprinted]]MONDAY, JULY 31, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Mr Rhees left Saturday Mr Fones has not yet returned. Engaged on the Report. all the matter in hand The coal is being delivered - [[circled]] See what has been done with the 200 dollars in gold from Quebeck for bird skins.[[/circled]] Recipiants of coal [[three lines crossed out, possibly list of names and numbers]] Experimented in evening on Magnesium light company in Boston. manufacture it at the rate of 6 1/2 doll[[ar]]s per ounce [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]]TUESDAY, AUGUST 1, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Gave a recommendation or rather an endorsement of a letter from the American Ethnological society in favor of Dr [[?]] to be an assistant in the Indian Mission Called on Mr Riggs to urge through the half yearly interest of the S. I. interest to sell before the fall of gold Called at the Printing office - all the articles are now in hand arranged the order in the volume - The article on the [[?]] to be retained Signed requisition to draw the interest on the Indiana Bonds. Call from the Rev John M Aubien S. I. Catholic College of N.Y going to Paris for a year Royal College at [[Habana?]] do not get packages Paid workmen $2 per day 100 doll[[ar]]s [[end page]]
Hot [[preprinted]]WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 2, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Coal being delivered - Dr Wetherall leaves this morning. Stores more articles on the west corridor. Henry Horan has charge of the reception of the coal. Solomon putting up the fish which have been sorted by Mr Gill for distribution abroad & at home. [[ boxed]] Paid for 202 tuns of coal by my own check on Riggs this must be repaid to me from funds left by Mr Rhees to be disbursed by Mr Force when he returns [[/boxed]] There appears to be a deficiency in the amount of fine coal. Engaged in Report [[parenthetical]]Attended meeting of Trustees of Columbian College. In the evening made experiments in the Laboratory on Magnesium of which a quantity was presented to me by Mr Bowers of Boston It is manufactured in that city at 6 1/2 doll[ar]s per oz. We took good photograph picture with the aid of Mr Peale The light appears in immense quantity but not of great intensity [[end page]] [[start page]] Very Hot [[preprinted]]THURSDAY, AUGUST 3, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Engaged on the Report Reading proof &- The boxes from Europe not yet [[strikethrough]] returned e[[/strikethrough]] arrived. Books for the surgeon generals office wanted - & the photographic apparatus required. Solomon boxing up fishes which have been assorted by Mr Gill for distribution one to the Royal Zool Museum of Berlin - another to the Royal Mus of Lisbon and the 3rd to Royal Mus of Paris Mr. Corcoran has given the Building in which the Medical Museum is contained to Columbian College. Cannot the Museum be transferred to the S. Building? It will be fire proof and can furnish all necessary accommodations. [[See?]] to this [[end page]]
[[preprinted]]FRIDAY, AUGUST 4, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Attended meeting of Light House Board Called on the secretary of war relative to the transfer of the Medical Museum did not find him or rather he was too unwell to see me. Engaged on the report. The stuffed animals in cases show evidence of moulding. ordered cases to be opened at night shut during the day. Prof. Baird ought to attend to this. Dr. Allen engaged in labelling all the vatts of the Inst[[on superscript]] Has made out six [[crossed out word illegible]] sets. Mr Gill engaged in studying the seals ought to be engaged on a catalogue. [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]]SATURDAY, AUGUST 5, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Paid 72.70 dollars for cartage of the coal. This includes the cartage of the coal to those who have been supplied and must be returned to the Inst[[on superscripted]]. Paid laborers for getting in coal. Boxes arrived at Georgetown. [[end page]]
[[preprinted]]SUNDAY, AUGUST 6, 1865.[[/preprinted]] The following is the distribution of coal --- I. Gant 5 tons small H. Diggs 5 tons [[ditto mark]] W. I Rhees 5 tons [[ditto mark]] S. I. Brown 4 [[ditto mark]] [[ditto mark]] Mrs. Conner 2 [[ditto mark]] [[ditto mark]] Mr Force 15 [[ditto mark]] [[ditto mark]] Mr Clark 5 [[ditto mark]] large Baptist Ch [[h superscripted]] 5 [[ditto mark]] large [[total line below numbers]] 46 [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]]MONDAY, AUGUST 7, 1865.[[/preprinted]] wind changed to the north Finished the manuscript of the Report Mr Force returned last week to Washington but on account of illness did not get back to the Inst[[on superscripted]] until this morning. quite feeble Boxes not yet come from N. Y. wrote to Muller of Amsterdam for missing numbers of the [[Beligum?]] [[?]] particularly the one which was burned 38 I think. Labourers getting out the flooring of the south tower and the plaster from the walls. The [[strikethrough]] south [[/strikethrough]] north Towers were reamed some days ago. The stone cutters are at work and the masons and bricklayers will commence to put up walls on Monday. An advantageous purchase has been made of [[?]] stone to repair those injured
cool pleasant [[preprinted]] TUESDAY, AUGUST 8, 1865. [[preprinted]] Box of books arrived from Paris Large number of plants for Dr Gray - - Called at Riggs' has sold the gold reserved for the payment of the half yearly interest on S. I. income for 43 1/2 percent - has deposited $15,000 with the secretary of the Treasury on interest and the remainder to the account of the S. I. on the books of the house. Took to the printer the very last part of the Report for 1864 - will have a reviso of the whole volume on Thursday. Accident to Mary. Bust of Washington from the top of clothes press fell upon her head and piece broke one of the side bones of her nose Large amounts of the dry wood carried off by Negroes from the S. I. the [[reffuce/refuse?]] from the interior of the tower. [[end page]] [[start page]] cool [[preprinted]] WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 9, 1865. [[/preprinted]] Directed cellers to be cleaned up worthless boxes to be broken up for fire wood The wood put in our place. Found that the architect was having free stone cut for the windows of the front tower I do not think this necessary The fronts can be filled with lattes work Gave orders that all the wood in the seller should closely piled up [[end page]]
[[preprinted]]THURSDAY, AUGUST 10, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Letter from Prof Baird [[caret]]containing[[/caret]] List of books borrowed from [[stricken]]Gen[[/stricken]] Mr Hubbard of Cal [[a superscript]] to be returned either the Chicago Ac[[d superscript]] or by the Smith. Inst. --Requisition for the Yorekon Expedition -- - Books sent for Col. Balkley. Griyots tables [[circled]] look into all the matter of the Kennicut expidition to the N. W. The fish - What was collected - the cost - What has become of the specimens [[/circled]] The photographic apparatus ordered from London has arrived and has been sent to the Depart of the Treasury (see to the money we paid) Engaged in selecting articles to be translated for the Report of 1865 Article on smell kept over [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]]FRIDAY, AUG 11, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Attended Light House Board was called to the chair - Mr Lenderly was ordered from New York to put up lights at the [[?]]. The experiments on sound will therefore be delayed Discussed with the architect the problems of the canal should be rutinely filled up and brick sewers made along the side and in the shortest distance to the river.
cool [[preprinted]] SATURDAY, AUGUST 12, 1865. [[/preprinted]] Prepared a series of introductory letters for Dr. T. Minnick of Berlin of the Prussian army gave letter to Pres Fillmore - G Clinton Dr. Hammond - Dr. I. Hays - Dr. Lewis Gibbes - Prof Ingram Alex. Agassiz - Dr Irene Mitchell Wrote to Rev John Miller pardon granted not signed Engaged on Final revise of Report. [[end page]] [[start page]] cool [[preprinted]] SUNDAY, AUGUST 13, 1865. [[/preprinted]] [[side note]] Monday 14 [[/side note]] [[strikethrough in the form of a large upside down V through text on this page]] Bricklayers commenced on the South Tower Established a blaksmiths shop for the sharpening of tools and doing other iron work The forge purchased at the navy yard comes into requisition. Engaged on the final revise [[/strikethrough]] [[end page]]
[[preprinted]]MONDAY, AUGUST 14, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Bricklayers commenced on the South Tower - Established a blacksmith shop for sharpening tools and other work The bellows purchased at the Navy Yard is used. Engaged in the final revision of the proof of Report: The arrangement of one of the articles out of place - Dr. Gibbs prepares letters to be sent with the commission to the Indians for ethnological questions addressed to John Ross Dr MacGowan [[stricken]]& others[[/stricken]] [[?]] [[?]] com Ind aff. Col. E. S Parker [[end page]] [[start page]] cool [[preprinted]]TUESDAY, AUGUST 15, 1865.[[/preprinted]] getting warmer The architect today showed me the condition of the west range the beams of which must support the stone flagging of the outer corridor are as rotten as punk - [[stricken]]They[[/stricken]]It will have to be removed in arches of brick. The brick walls below may be taken. Called at the Bank was informed that Mr Randolph had given information that our account is overdrawn 4000 dolls. I asked if it had not been undrawn for a number of years to the amount of 10000 dollars - The overdrawing is on account of the drafts for building material [[?]] We have 30,000 on interest with the Treasurer to meet the deficiency. Have to my credit today 495 1/2 This is in addition to upwards of 100 dolls from LHB and 500 dolls lent Mr Rhees. Mr Gill and Dr Allen engaged our index to report - called at the printing office
cool [[preprinted]]WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 16, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Easternly The weather ten days has been quite comfortable - Directed the taking down of the furnaces in the basement the brick wanted also the walls around the water clock. Found men shutting up at 1/2 past four oclock - gave a blow up. Saw iron grinder at Treasury building will ask the accounting for it. Dr Allen and Mr Gill finished the index to the Report - The last of Report abounded in typographical errors. I shall endeavore to have this better. Sent Tellegramme to Mr Rhees for the index [[end page]] [[start page]] cool [[preprinted]]THURSDAY, AUGUST 17, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Wrote to Mr Rhees about affairs suggested that idems of consolidated accounts be noted in the margin of draft book Wrote to Dr. T. B. D Irwin today that we would send up many copies of the pamphlet on the [[?]] abroad as he might wish to forward Letter from Humphreys relative to coast survey Letters from Dr Irwin of on the [[?]] aniser material with a pamphlet vindicating his claim. Telegramme from Mr Rhees relative to the index of the Report. gave with Solomon the basement a thorough overhalling - all the wood compound of boards and burnt articles piled up regularly.
cool [[preprinted]] FRIDAY, AUGUST 18, 1865. [[/preprinted]] Mr Gill has an engraver engaged in drawing the fish for Whitney's Report He will incorporate the fish of the N W Boundary or Campbells Survey in the same report Mr Gill has been examining the porpoise Workmen taking down brick work in fish room. The bricks are worth taking down even if they are put up again on account of the high price. Letter from Flengel invoice of books - mentions Bairds letter Gave order to Mr Force to enter all Mr Bairds letters with mine [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]] SATURDAY, AUGUST 19, 1865. [[/preprinted]] Wrote to T. D. Jones Esq of Cincinnati sculptor for a copy of his bust of Chief Justice Chase. Also to Dr Stone for one of the late chief Justice also for one of Mr Benton. Put up package of Books Reports of the Inst. of the coast survey Smithouse Reductions are for Professor Le Court of Columbia - The first intercourse with the South in four years Sent Dr. [[Lindy?]] ten copies of his papers. Letter from Dr Flengel announcing an invoice called on the Chief Justice gave him an ex position of the state of the finance of the Inst[[superscript]] on [[/superscript]]
[[preprinted]]SUNDAY, AUGUST 20, 1865.[[/preprinted]] [[end page]] [[start page]] very warm [[preprinted]]MONDAY, AUGUST 21, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Engaged all day with correspondence Large number of letters have accumulated Wrote to Mr Line sculptor Cincinnati to send us a copy of his bust of Chief Justice Chase also to Dr stone of this city to send us a copy of his bust of Burton
warmer [[preprinted]] TUESDAY, AUGUST 22, 1865. [[/preprinted]] Engage in correspondence Directed the workmen to fill up the recess in the wall of the high tower lower story to strengthen the structure rather than weaken it. All the exchanges on hand sent off by the express of today. Work^men commenced yesterday in the west tower front. High ones. [[Notes at bottom of page]] Sent [[review?]] of the coast survey Mills [[?]] on Hamilton [[end page]] [[start page]] Cool [[preprinted]] WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 23, 1865. [[/preprinted]] Correspondence. Letter from Mr Rhees. - Men still engaged in cleaning up the basement. architect complains of the irregularity produced by the carpenter owing to his impulsiveness and deafness. [[note at bottom of page]] An article in the[[?]] of this evening complaining of the want of arrangement for a lecture room. [[end page]]
quite cool [[preprinted]] THURSDAY, AUGUST 24, 1865. [[/preprinted]] Correspondence with the aid of Miss Turner coccupied the Laboratory. [[end page]] [[start page]] cool [[preprinted]]FRIDAY, AUGUST 25, 1865. [[preprinted]] Discussed with the architect the filling up the SW Tower of main building concluded to reverse stairs make rooms - good for alcoholic preparations. Attended Light House Board - Gen. Delafield Col Buche the two secretaries and myself [[end page]]
[[preprinted]] SATURDAY, AUGUST 26, 1865. [[/preprinted]] Engaged in correspondence in the morning. Went in the afternoon to visit Mr Gordon near Elicott's Mills - stared at about half past 3 o'clock arrived at about half past 5 Maid arrangements for Paying Bricklayers [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]] SUNDAY, AUGUST 27, 1865. [[/preprinted]] Went to church at the Episcopal church about a mile from Elicotts Mills. Went to see Mr McGuire in the afternoon after church
[[preprinted]]MONDAY, AUGUST 28, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Called on Judge Merreck in the morning Returned in the afternoon train - Took the cars at the Relay House arrived in the city about 8 oclock [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]]TUESDAY, AUGUST 29, 1865.[[/preprinted]] correspondence [[end page]]
[[preprinted]]WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 30, 1865.[[/preprinted]] correspondence with the help of Miss Turner [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]]THURSDAY, AUGUST 31, 1865.[[preprinted]] correspondence Paid men also the bricklayers stone cutters - [[end page]]
[[preprinted]]Friday, September 1, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Miss Turner leaves to day to be absent until the first or second week of Oct. Discharged Isaac all the men except Roger and James (who are under Solomon and Henry) are under the architect and must work 10 hours per day. Called at Riggs to transfer 15,000 dolls to the credit of the Inst. Found that the notes were drawn to the credit of the treasurer Mr Seaton who was out of the city. Called at Mr Seatons learned that he would be back tomorrow night. Professor Chovenet called would be a candidate for coast survey if nominated by his [[scientific?]] friends. Informed him that the most available would be chosen as the candidate. Thought it better that nothing should be done at present. That Prof Pierce had as I was informed had consented to serve. [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]]SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 2, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Paid all the bills for stone brick laying and workmen which according to the architect will be required until the end of the month. Drew a check for contingencies in favour of Mr Force for 400 dollars. Gen Delafield inspected the work and approved of what had been done. The work of reproduction must go on but as soon as it can be suspended until better prices without injury to the building it should be done - 4 dollars a day for brick layers is too much The architect thinks the great tower can be saved [[end page]]
[[preprinted]]SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 3, 1865.[[/preprinted]] [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]]MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 4, 1865.[[/preprinted]] started in the 7 o'clock train for Phil [[d superscript]] arrived at Mrs Cuylers at about four oclock. This was the summer vacation of myself and family Helen had been at Oxford here since Caroline & Mary went the next day to Long Branch [[end page]]
[[preprinted]]TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 5, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Saw daughters off in the new rail way to Long branch to visit Henry Alexanders family Went with Mrs Henry to Chestnut Hill to visit our friends the Pattersons Found Mrs. P very much changed for the worse [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]]WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 6, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Chestnut Hill spent most of the day sleeping had been very wakeful before leaving home [[end page]]
[[preprinted]]THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 7, 1865.[[/preprinted]] [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]]FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 8, 1865.[[/preprinted]] [[end page]]
[[preprinted]]SATURDAY, SEPTEMBBER 9, 1865.[[/preprinted]] [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]]SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 10, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Still at Chestnut Hill enjoying the cool silent rest of this delightful shore [[end page]]
[[preprinted]]MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 11, 1865.[[/preprinted]] [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]]TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 12, 1865.[[/preprinted]] [[end page]]
[[preprinted]]WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 13, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Left Chestnut Hall for New York with Grace Patterson whom I left at Newark Went to the Astor House Met Mr Strong of Albany Dr Bay of same place Called at Light House office next day Telegraphed to Gen. Poe to meet me to inspect apparatus from the south. [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]]THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 14, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Astor House weather very warm made inquiry as to iron roof Went to Staten Island visited the Light House at Princes Bay about 18 miles from the Quarantine ground [[end page]] [[end page]]
[[preprinted]]Friday, September 15, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Went to Staten Island in the evening [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]]SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 16, 1865.[[/preprinted]] [[stricken]]Went[[/stricken]] Remained at Staten Island in the office of the Engineer and the shop of the lampers slept at the Hotel. [[end page]]
[[preprinted]]SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 17, 1865.[[/preprinted]] [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]]MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 18, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Returned to New York in a violent N E storm met at the Ferry Gen. Poe returned with him to Staten Island to examine the broken apparatus from the south Went to Dr. Tonney's - Has just returned from California - Delighted with the excursion. Confirms the position of Whitney as to the natural products of that region [[end page]]
[[preprinted]]TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 19, 1865.[[/preprinted]] spent the day with my friend Bache [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]]WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 20, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Met Gen Poe determined on plan of report to Light House Board. Left in the afternoon for New Port in the steamer of the same name Capt Brown with Com. Powell - was very kindly treated by the Capt. our fair returned and supper and breakfast given - arrived at New Port in the night [[end page]]
[[preprinted]]THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 21, 1865.[[/preprinted]] board at Newport awarding our account the Light-House tender Sunbeam Capt Chancy - applied for revenue steamer to visit Bevertail Point to examine the fog trumpet the steamer was not in order [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]]FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 22, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Left Newport in Sunbeam and after a delightful sail of six hours arrived at [[stricken]]Newport[[/stricken]]Providence in time to go out with the horse cars to the village of only 3 miles off to examine a fog signal called a steam gong. Returned to Providence the same night and found on looking over the newspaper next morning at the hotel where we slept that our arrival had been announced. [[end page]]
[[preprinted]]SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 23, 1865.[[/preprinted]] [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]]SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 24, 1865.[[/preprinted]] [[end start]]
[[preprinted]]MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 25, 1865.[[/preprinted]] [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]]TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 26, 1865.[[/preprinted]] [[end page]]
[[preprinted]]WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 37, 1865.[[/preprinted]] arrived in Newport at about 6 o'clock Called at No 4 Bowling Green Waited two hours for the comeing of the janitor. Left at 11 1/2 o'clock for Phil [[d superscript]] arrived a little after 3 o'clock - took cars to Chestnut Hill found Mrs Patterson very feeble---. slept well - better than I had done since I left the Hill. Before I left the Light House office directed that Mr Lederly should meet me at New Haven on Wednesday to experiments on fog signals [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]]THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 28, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Started from Chestnut Hill about 10 o'clock wrote in Phil [[d- superscript]] to Helen also to Mary - left in this train of half past one - got to depot in this city at 10 past 8 oclock -- to the Inst [[ion- superscript]] about nine - found the two servant girls in the house - had a good dish of tea went to bed and slept well - Learned the Henry Horan had been very attentive remaining in the office until 1/2 past nine o'clock every evening or until Whinsell comes. [[end page]]
[[preprinted]]FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 29, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Arrived last night - found a number of letters awaiting my arrival - one from Mr Vinton summoning an attendance on account of the Win Estate. Mr Rhees informs me that Burney drew on him for 100 dollars to pay making the index of the bibliography. Paid Mr Alexander 100 dolls on account translations for the report Transferred from the Treasury of the U S 15000 dollars to the credit of [[strikethrough]] the [[/strikethrough]] Riggs so as to draw upon for the building Called upon Gen Delafield - is alarmed in regard to a crack which he discovered in the high tower. Thinks it has occurred since the last rain. Is to meet the architect this afternoon at 5 1/2 o'clock. Re [[d superscript] a telegram from Mrs Henry to any that Mrs Patterson has departed and that I must come as soon as possible [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]]SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 30, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Started for Phil [[d - superscript]] in the 11 oclock train arrived about 5 o'clock went out to Chestnut Hill in the evening train. Learned the particulars of the death of Mrs Patterson Her last moments were peaceful - she was a good intelligent beautiful woman [[end page]]
[[preprinted]]SUNDAY, OCTOBER 1, 1865.[[/preprinted]] At Chestnut Hill [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]]MONDAY, OCTOBER 2, 1865[[/preprinted]] Still at Chestnut Hill [[end page]]
[[preprinted]]TUESDAY, OCTOBER 3, 1865.[[/preprinted]] The day of the funeral after which started in the six o'clock train for N Y arrived about 10 at the Astor House [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]]WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 4, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Called this morning at the Light House office No 7 Bowling Green - Not ready to start for New Haven to make our experiments. Went in the afternoon to the college to remain with Dr Toney [[end page]]
[[preprinted]]THURSDAY, OCTOBER 5, 1865.[[/preprinted]] spent greater part of the day in looking over the returns of the distribution of oil - Found that in the Third District he had not made proper distribution of barrel oil- [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]]FRIDAY, OCTOBER 6, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Still in New York attempted to get the use of one of the government steamers for the experiments on the Sound The collector was willing but the steamer as was afterwards understood wanted to convey Mr Seward and family to Albany. The collector Mr King requested me to write myself to the Treasury department - Did so but received no answer. The Light House Board also made application for the steamer but did not succeed. [[end page]]
[[preprinted]]SATURDAY, OCTOBER 7, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Still in New York Will start with Com. Powell and Mr Lederle on Monday. They cannot go before Large hull has been ordered sent also caloric engine and Fog trumpet. Went in the evening with Dr Burnard to the century club - Met a number of acquaintances - among the number Mr Huntington the painter who informed me that the picture he painted of me and other scientific men is still in existence [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]]SUNDAY, OCTOBER 8, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Heard my friend T. L. Cuyler preach in Dr. Haisting's church Spent the remainder of the day with Dr Bache was agreeably surprised to find that he had considerably improved in power of expression but do not think he will ever be able to resume his duties in the coast survey. Mr Robert I Walker also spent the afternoon with Mr Bache. Has a new route for the Atlantic cable by way of the Asores and other Islands in the Atlantic by which no portion of the conduction need be more than 600 miles in length. [[end page]]
[[preprinted]]MONDAY, OCTOBER, 9, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Called again on the collector No news from Washington as to the use of the steamer Concluded to use the vessels belonging to the Board namely the Tender Sunbeam and the Tender [[Naraganset?]] The former commanded by Capt [[Remy?]] and the latter by Capt Smith. Called at Pike's purchased a thermometer a psycrometer [[sic - psychrometer]] and a small compass with two ear trumpets - the thermometer and psycrometer(sic) were both broken before use. Started from the office went on the steamer [[Elna?]] city with Mr Lederly at about 6 o'clock was there shortly afterwards joined by Com. Powell - went to bed about 10 boat started for New Haven at 12 at night Fare and breakfast gratuitous from Capt McNeil. [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]]TUESDAY, OCTOBER 10, 1865.[[/preprinted]] At New Haven Employed a tin man to make an instrument which I called an artificial Ear for experimenting on different sound I should say for the comparison of sounds. After this went with the Commodore and Mr Lederly to the Light House about 5 miles down the bay - the price of the use of a hack for the purpose was 4 dolls arrived at the Light House and found the engines in place ready for operation but the large steel bell not yet arrived. It came however during the day. The Naraganset and Sunbeam were in waiting on the former came the day after. The instruments for experimentation were as follows 1 A Fog Trumpet 2 A Steam gong 3 A gong on the Exhaust 4 A Steam Whistle 5 A Large [[Rocker?]] 6 Small [[Rocker?]] 7 Hand Whistle 8 Large steel bell 9 Smaller steel bell 10 Bronze bell [[end page]]
[[preprinted]]WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 11, 1865.[[/preprinted]] All at work on the experiments The following persons Engaged [[two columns of names with line between]] Prof. Henry Mr Fritz inventor of the gong Com Powell Mr Tripp proprietor of the gong Mr Lederly engineer Capt Runy of the Sunbeam Mr Roper Capt Smith Naragunset inventor of the engine [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]]THURSDAY, OCTOBER 12, 1865.[[/preprinted]]
[[preprinted]]FRIDAY, OCTOBER 13, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Experimented on Fog signals [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]]SATURDAY, OCTOBER 14, 1865.[[/preprinted]] continued experiments on fog signals [[end page]]
[[preprinted]]SUNDAY, OCTOBER 15, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Stormy day - spent day in the houses near the Light House wind very high The Light vessel Naragunset dragged her anchor. [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]]MONDAY, OCTOBER 16, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Continued experiments on all the instruments. Both vessels employed [[end page]]
[[preprinted]]TUESDAY, OCTOBER 17, 1865.[[/preprinted]] continued the experiments - - - [[line across page, center of page blank]] made observations on the flying of ducks - Wings moved so as to form a continuous impression on the eyes more than 8 times in a second [[?]] day meeting took place at the Institution of a part of the corporators of the National Military Aid Naval Asylum - no quorum [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]]WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 18, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Ordered the shipments of the instruments experiments to continue at another time at Sandy Hook a more favorable location. Started for New Haven in the armory waggon(sic) employed by Col. Mansfield the son of Gen. Mansfield who was killed during the war. An assistant engineer named Ferguson favoured us with the ride From New Haven took the steamer Elna City Capt McNeil who as in other cases gave us a free passage and a good dinner. Informed by the Captain that Fogs allways comes up after the wind hails from the S E to to the S. in the sound Rain was falling when we arrived in New York at at about 4 o'clock none on the passage - arrived at Dr [[Toney's or Terry's]] at about 5 found Mrs H she has come from [[Brownstone?]] same day [[end page]]
[[preprinted]]THURSDAY, OCTOBER 19, 1865.[[/preprinted]] In New-York - Spent morning with Professor Rood in the Physical lecture room - Read an account of German experiments on Sounds anomaly one gas gave refraction toward the perpendicular an other from the perpendicular [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]]FRIDAY, OCTOBEER 20, 1865.[[/preprinted]] In New-York - called on Mr Astor - will attend meeting of the Board - will come at any time if I want him. Called on Pike of the house of Pike and [[?]] He has a large number of articles on a large scale which he will sell at a low price. Large magnetic electric machines. Will sell this for 50 dolls - might be turned [[strikethrough]]for[[/strikethrough]] by a small turbine.
[[preprinted]]SATURDAY, OCTOBER 21, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Called upon the three Capts. of the Neptune steam ship line relative to Fog-signals. They each spoke of the importance of the signals and especially of the Fog Trumpet - They had no difficulty in locating its position but did have difficulty in judging of its distance. The most interesting of the three is Capt Tones of the Gullaties. They were all very polite to me and invited me at all times to go with them free of cost Dined with Professor Barnard Pres. of Columbian College went out in the evening with Mrs Henry and Dr Tonney [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]]SUNDAY, OCTOBER 22, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Attended in forenoon the preaching of the Rev. Dr. Hastings - excellent discourse Gave an exposition before the sermon of a portion of scripture - an excellent practice Spent the afternoon with Professor Bache - Think he has considerably improved in power of utterances since I first saw him after his return from Europe. Ann to start with Mrs H. tomorrow At the Lodgings of Prof. Bache met Mr George Blunts - who informed me that before an easterly wind the barometer always rises on our coast but if after the commencement of the wind from this [[?]] the wind falls then a violent blow may be expected.
[[preprinted]]MONDAY, OCTOBER 23, 1865.[[/preprinted]] In New York spent morning with Dr Charles E. Morgan No 3. 5th Avenue showed new interesting experiment on magnetism [[diagram]] This wire on a bar magnet falls off by moving it along Writing a report on the committee of elect. and nervous (various?) influences - Called at the Tribune office to inquire why S. I. was so often attacked Was informed that it was because I has refused to allow abolition lectures in the Institution but that if I would see the Editor of the Tribune in Washington all would be made right. Intended to start for Princeton with Mrs Henry but was too late for the train stopped at the Astor House [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]]TUESDAY, OCTOBER 24, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Came to Princeton in the early train intending to go to Washington with Helen The telegraph however failed she did not meet me and I remained at Princeton. Called upon Prof Madison - discussed the affairs if the college - a Professor to be chosen in place of Professor Guyger. The College ready to pay me 4000 dolls the sum due on the bond belonging to me in possession of Prof. Alexander. Prof. Alexander gone to Ilinois(sic) to observe the eclipse of Oct which is [[?]] along a track through that state. Read an article in Annales de Chemis on the flow of liquids through capillary tubes Dr Guyot has completed tables suplimentary(sic) to those published
[[preprinted]]WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 25, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Started with Helen from Princeton at 1/2 past 8 A. M. Took train. the 8o'clock one from New York at Trenton - went round Phil [[d superscript]] arrived at home after a somewhat tedious ride at 6 o'clock P.M. Found home closed Girls on a visit - Got in through the building with aid of Henry Horan - Girls came home. Nothing unusual had occurred The first unbound copies of the Report for 1863 obtained that day - the bound copies will not be ready for delivery for some time yet. [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]]THURSDAY, OCTOBER 26, 1865.[[/preprinted]] The building has been going on quite well during my absence. The front towers are out of danger but a much larger portion of the large rear tower has been taken down than was at first anticipated. The stones were found much affected with the fire - also it is throught all the battlements of the south side of the main building will come down. Engaged in correspondence with Mr Rhees - Professor Baird made report as to the cost of iron roof. which can be put on for 6000 dollars warranted light architect [[?]]. [[end page]]
[[preprinted]]FRIDAY OCTOBER 27, 1865.[[/preprinted]] correspondence made preparation for meeting of Light House Board which took place at 12 o'clock or rather was called at that hour - gave an account of my researches on sound which was listened to with much attention Called at the office of the attorney General to ask about the pardon of John Miller - It had been granted and sent to him two or three weeks ago. [[solid double line]] Sent about a week ago 5 boxes of Patent Office Reports by the Hamburgh Strauss Cunard [[?]] Agents - The [[stricken]]Patent[[/stricken]] Agricultural dept [[stricken]]through us[[/stricken]] have not sent abroad any of its reports Rev Mr Roupher asking for return of minerals - referred to Mr Egleston - [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]]SATURDAY, OCTOBER 28, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Report of opperations with Mr Baird Letter from Mr [[Younghouse?]] who is going to St. Domingo is coming to the Inst to study previous. Dr Briant has returned from Europe after purching for 12000 dollars in gold a collection of 8000 birds - 1/2 to come on to study. Dr. [[Bennent?]] proposes to make an Exploration to Guatemala - asks assistance of the S. I will furnish him with meteorological instruments - Green will supply him and take the instruments back and give credit for them. [[Grants?]] letters of introduction --- Letters proposed to the British Minister The Honduras and the Guatemala ministers - ------- Request from Mr Hagar asking [[Shenns?]] of Natural History of [[publish?]] this letter - sent 6 [[series?]] also sets to Lafayette [[Adreau?]] Colleges & [[state?]] collections at [[Montpelier?]] The materials for distribution which can immediately be [[striken]][[distributed]][[/striken]] sent consist of duplicates of Land and Freshwater shells--- [[end page]]
Saturday continued [[preprinted]]SUNDAY(stricken) 28(8 written over the 9)1865.[[/preprinted]] Specimens given to all which have applied and which could make good use of them -- In some cases we had our few sets as in that of the fossils of Nebraska Submit to Isaac Lea a box of [[?]][[?]] from Costa Rica Also to Mr Bland who is the specialist of the Mexican and Central American shells Letter from ^[[Mr]] Galpin at Force Riata. From Alex [[d superscript]] Murry of London wants certain books offers in return - Com from Dr Habell wanting aid to continue his researches in Central America addressed to Prof. Baird Mr Vickers from Indianapolis correspondent of Republican paper Prof. Froshet called - will make communication on the Northern ----- [[line drawn across page]] [[stricken?]]Mr [[?]][[/stricken?]] Mr Whitney the geologist will take the matter in the hands of Mr Carpenter to make a report on California may do so provided he give credit and pay $[[400?]] [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]]MONDAY, OCTOBER 30, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Mr Baird informs me that Professor Whitney wishes to take the material of the shells of California now in the possession of Mr Carpenter for his report on the subject of the [[stricken]]shells[[/stricken]] geology of California - We will grant the use of the material provided Professor Whitney will pay from his appropriation what we owe Mr Carpenter on this work. [[stricken]]Letter[[/stricken]] Mr Leclagan Gover. of Yucatan sent on his assistant Mr Dias to make arrangements for having the specimens of N History property properly named and new species described a year ago - Mr Sholl was engaged as Naturalist and since then about 10 boxes have arrived containing reptiles birds & plants - The reptiles have been sent to Dr Cope. These are to be described by Prof. Baird - The plants will be referred to Dr Gray to say who shall be the describer. Application for publication Indian Female College. Send Mrs Colle. Reports [[Meterolo.?]] Deans paper plates prepared not furnished until next year - Dr Rev M. A. Curtis the fungologist proposes to publish a work on the eatable fungi. [[end page]]
[[preprinted]] TUESDAY, October 31, 1865. [[/preprinted]] Mr Baird for the first time informed me this morning that he had a collection of Birds etc mingled with the specimens of the S. I. Museum which in his will he had valued at 1000 dollars. I stated that the collections ought never to have been united together and that difficulty may hereafter occur in regard to the matter. A few months ago 200 dollars in gold was deposited in the Treas. of the Inst on account of the sale of duplicate birds to the Laval University of Canady Mr Baird has this day drawn out this money to apply to exploration in Costarica by Carriol Called on the Secretary of the Treasury relative to an interview for Mr Tonney. will see him on Friday - Requested me to write a few lines relative to the money of the Institution to insert in his report. Paid in full to Drexler for stuffing animals of 80 dolls and upwards Wrote to Mrs Vander as to the sale of her curiosities - The architect informs me that he yesterday visited Seneca Quarry and made arrangements for procuring 800 feet of stone at 110 cents per foot. [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]] WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 1, 1865. [[/preprinted]] Wrote to Lecount to give him permission to have the pages of his tests and descriptions of Coleoptera stereolyphid as rapidly as they are prepared. To John J. Mason to nominate Mr Welling and Dr Wetherall as officers of St. John's College Annapolis. Received reports of the architect the Superintendent of Masonry and stone cutting each to receive 5 dolls. per day instead of percentage. The brick layer & stone mason have received 4 dolls per day. I afterwards learned that the master stone cutter gets 4 dollars a day in addition as a workman. This does not strike me as doing right. Can he do the labour of a daily workman and a superintendent at the same time without possessing the power of ubiquity.
[[preprinted]]THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 2,1865.[[/preprinted]] Correspondence of a miscellaneous character Visit from the Tunis Ambassador and his asst - very intelligent men. Showed them the relative positions of Washington and Tunis on a large Globe. Return of Dr. Wetherall will commence on my experiments with oil. Letter from W Westley our agent in London in which the astonishing information is stated that the next box from him is a package from an instrument maker for Mr McEwen optician Phil[[d superscript]]. Mr Rhees made a payment of upwards of 7000 dollars to the architect for materials and workmanship. [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]]FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 3, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Wrote to Mr P. F. Carpenter England to know what remains to be done in the way of preparing the shells which he has been assorting and naming for distribution - Went at the request of the secretary of the Interior to examine the Electrical apparatus with which the Capitol is lighted or rather the gas kindled. The arrangement is of a most costly and clumsy character. The cost of the whole almost amounts to 19000 dollars. Cost of zinc plate by the last quotation is from 15 to 10 cents per pound while charges for each plate 10 inches square is 4 dollars [[end page]]
[[preprinted]] SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 4, 1865. [[/preprinted]] Rainy Daughter quite unwell Engaged in correspondence Made arrangements with the owner of the quarry from which the stone for building the Smithsonian was taken to supply 1000 feet at 75 cts per foot provided he could do the work without loss. If not then on proof of the fact that he had lost by the contract we were to pay him addition but not more than 100 dollars per square foot Harry Horan the general watchman is still away. Wrote to Mr Clark architect of the Capitol to get one of the zinc plates to weigh Miss Dix took leave for some months has left some articles here in store. [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]] SUNDAY, NOVEMBER 5, 1865. [[/preprinted]] Very high wind Church in forenoon remained with Helen through the remainder of the day Miss Dix sends invitation to dine at the asylum for the insane and allowed the preaching - waggon did not come weather stormy. [[hand drawn line across page]] Monday 6 Prof Baird read an account of the Chicago academy in which full credit is given to the Smithsonian Instit [[superscript]] on [[/superscript]]. This was prepared by Dr [[Stunpren?]]. [[End page]]
[[preprinted]] MONDAY, NOVEMBER 6, 1865. [[/preprinted]] Wrote to John LeConte to as to the corrections of Proof sheets of his work to avoid making many alterations. Wrote to James Green to let Dr Borrends who is to make an exploration to Youcatan have the instruments of which he spoke when I saw him in New York to be credited to the Institution when he returns them. Attended meeting of Light House Board to hear the reading of the Annual Report. Requested to give some account of experiments on fog signals. Am informed by the master stone cutter that the rule adopted by the government is to begin work in winter one hour after sunrise and leave off at sundown. I fear we shall be obliged to stop the work until next spring. [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]] TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 7, 1865. [[/preprinted]] Wrote to Dr. [[strikethrough]] Spr [[/strikethrough]] Craig suggesting the publication of a work on the medical [[clinicology?]] of the U.S to meet the frequent inquiries on this point. Attended a meeting of the visitors of the Hospital for the insane. Appointed one of a committee to confer with the secretary of the Interior as to incresing of the salary of the superintendent. Letter from the British Minister for Dr Berrends to facilitate exploration of a part of Central America Offered to send specimens to Dr Slater of the Zoological Society for his work on Natural History Wrote to Professor [[Froschit?]] of Bonn for books to complete our set of transactions [[end page]]
Beautiful day [[preprinted]] WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 8, 1865. [[/preprinted]] Letter of thanks to the British Minister for letter for Dr Berands. Offering to purchase from E G Suine 20 copies of the 1st volume of the S. I. Contributors provided he will wait until Jan [[superscript]] y [[/superscript]] Letter Smith informing him that his Memoir on the [[liber?]] was burned This was not thought to be as valuable as was represented to Dr Tonney Mr Bache. To Called on the Surgeon General who approved the proposition to employ the Smithsonian Inst as a medical or rather surgical museum Gen. Delafield again with me in opinion that the canal should be filled up & a rail way put in its place. [[hand drawn line across page]] Mr James Mortimer the agent of Sautter [[firm?]] of Paris - who will repair the lens apparatus address 579 Broadway. Offers to send over workmen to set the prisms and furnish the new ones or to take the apparatus back to France for repair [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]] THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 9, 1865. [[/preprinted]] Letter of thanks to Luis Molina Mr William Bennett of Athens call today that he was the owner of the property which entirely surrounds Lot No 42 belonging to Mrs Henry I have promised to give him the refusal Prof Baird informs me that 32 Boxes of the specimens of Natural History and Ethnology are coming from the N W the Arctic Anole and the Youkon river. The first set of duplicates to be given to the Chicago Academy & some to Montreal Meeting of the architect with Gen Delafield and myself. Concluded to have a butress thrown from the front main wall of the main building to the two front towers - to put the force on the front towers and stop the stone cutters. Attended this evening a meeting of the Board of Trade gave an account of the S. I. advocated the building of an exchange with rooms for a Library and public meetings [[end page]]
[[preprinted]] FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 10, 1865. [[/preprinted]] The architect informs me that he has settled in his own mind a plan of the butress to be placed against each wall and requests to be allowed to obtain the stone cutters once work granted. Thanks to the Hon T. Donnally for member of Congress for communication relative to the Mounds of Lake Pepsis. Read the proofs of Burney's prefaces to works on conchology. Wrote in behalf of Dr. Wethanell to Hon Mr Mason of Annapolis relative to appoint as Prof. in the college Send a barometer to C Tantonues of Vera Cruse for his observations [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]] SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 11, 1865. [[/preprinted]] called at City Hall to meet committee of the visitors of the assylum of Insane to [[?]] [[superscript]] d [[/superscript]] of Inst relative to the salary of the super [[superscript]] t [[/superscript]] secretary not in. will meet again on Monday 12 Called at Agricultural Dept. Had discussion relative to the publishing of Meterol Tables - Light House Board will meet committee Monday night - relative to repair of southern apparatus Called on secretary of the [[strikethrough]] Navy [[/strikethrough]] Com. Jenkins the head of the Bureau of Navigation wishes me to exam the articles prepared for the Naval manual
[[written vertically in margin]] Monday 13th [[/margin]] Monday [[preprinted]] SUNDAY, NOVEMBER 12, 1865. [[/preprinted]] Called at the Interior Department with Mayor to speak to the secretary about the salary of Dr Nichols --- Gave letter to the Brother of Prof McCullock stating the character of the Prof. previous to his joining the Rebellion. To of DeBuque relative to his observatorty thanks for meteorological records. Commenced letter relative to the character of Professor Tellerman visit from Hon from Chicago He is on the democratic side [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]] MONDAY, NOVEMBER 13, 1865. [[/preprinted]] Prepared a communication for Professor Fisher of New Haven relative to Professor Silliman. Gen Poe of the Light House Board met with to make out the report as to the disposition to be made of the broken articles of apparatus from the southern states Ordered chimney to be swept The stoppage of the Potomac water from the building ^for two days was caused by the turning of the cock from the branch leading into the building the wrong way [[end page]]
[[preprinted]] TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 14, 1865. [[/preprinted]] Finish the writing to the sketch relative to Professor Silliman. Wrote to Dr Madison to nominate for the vacant chair at Princeton Mr James C. Welling Architect exhibits to Gen Delafield and also to myself his plans for the butresses to sustain the two front towers as proposed by the general who approves the proposition with the exception of the gurders to support the butress walls which he says must be of wrought instead of cast iron, Commenced with Dr Wethenall experiments on the flowing of different liquids through a hole in the bottom of a glass vessel Wrote to Dr Tonney [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]] WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 15, 1865. [[/preprinted]] [[strikethrough]] Visit from Mr Morgan of Rochester relative to his memoirs on the systems of consanguity Wrote to Prof McIlwan with whom the manuscript has been deposited also to Professor Green of Princeton asking him to give it an examination and report as to its fitness for adoption as a part of the S C to R Wrote to member of the Irish Academy relative to this communication on [[Barn?]] fires their origin - Proposed to publish his communication in part. Letter answered from the Washington Medical Society asking use of room and library - granted requests. Mr Mason new proposition as to overseas telegraph - an absurd proposition. Gave me an amount of keeping up a captive balloon 5 days - The statement very improbable [[/strikethrough]] [[circled]] See Dec 6th [[/circled]]
[[preprinted]]THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 16, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Engaged in preparing a sketch of my memories of Professor Silliman. [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]]FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 17, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Meeting of the Light-House Board - made a report with General Poe on the disposition of the broken apparatus from the south - send it to Parcs [[end page]]
[[preprinted]]SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 18, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Sent bond against the College of New Jersey for money advanced by me 21 years ago for apparatus while in Paris [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]]SUNDAY, NOVEMBER 19, 1865.[[preprinted]] [[end page]]
[[start page]] [[preprinted]] MONDAY, NOVEMBER 20, 1865. [[/preprinted]] Engaged in correspondence made experiments on the flowing of liquids through orifices in the bottom of vessels for the repatition of my researches on oils. - We have already this year spent 30,000 dollars on the building. What an immense absorbing reservoir is this structure. How much that is good might be effected by the money thus expended [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]] TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 21, 1865. [[/preprinted]] Engage in correspondence - Wrote to Prof [[Coffee?]] lately elected the President of the Lehigh University in favour of Dr Wethenall as Prof. of Chemistry and offering cooperation in behalf of the S. Inst Discussion with the architect on the visions proposed for the stability of the towers of the building It does not appear to me that the thick wall which is put up between the two parallel walls which project into the lower museum in the least degree tends to increase the stability. Made experiments with the assistance of Dr W. on the flowing of water and alcohol [[end page]]
[[preprinted]]WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 22, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Wrote to Mr Cope Professor Havarford sent him specimens in Natural History examine Wrote to Mr Seward in favour of giving Mr [[?]] the translation of the works of Carl Ritter the great geographer a place as a consul in England or Switzerland Called with Dr Sampson by appointment on the Secretary of War Mr Sampson relative to giving up on his part of the building in which is placed the museum of the Medical Depart - will not as yet give up the building It has not yet been determined whether Mr Corcoran the donor will have his property confiscated - said I could check with the Surgeon General in regard to the occupation of the upper room of the S. I building Engaged in experimenting on the flow of liquids Discussed with the architect the subject of the walls for the support of the towers - not very clear what the effect will be. Com. Jenkins sent me the articles prepared for the American Naval manual [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]]THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 23, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Answered a letter from Mr P. P. Carpenter who has been engaged for the last 5 years in assorting and identifying our shells. Sent him a draft for 500 dollars which with all the money paid to him amounts to nearly 2500 In addition to this we shall allow him to draw from Professor Whitney what he can obtain for a Report on the shells of California which was to be made to us Can promis nothing more. Purchased a watch teltail[[?]] which gives an account of various points visited during the night and time of visiting. Experimenting with Dr Wethenal on the flowing of alcohol and water through an orifice of 1/4 of an inch in diameter. Orifice in bottom of glass bolthead [[diagram of the glass bolthead-shaped beaker]] Unpleasant allusion to the Smithsonian Institution in a communication to the Intelligence There is in the city quite a hostile feeling in the city in the Smithsonian Institution
[[preprinted]] FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 24, 1865. [[/preprinted]] Letter from Bossanger announcing the sending of nodules of christals from [[gandam?]] - complaining of Mr Swaim's interference Letter from Mr Swaim - will send apparatus Called on the Public Printer will let us have use of plates to strike off copies for Institution. Cannot give Mrs. Connors daughter a place Call from General Van Antwerp [[strikethrough]] ? [[/strikethrough]] and General McAlester. Call from Dr. Johnson of this city relative to meeting room of the Medical Association of the city. Will allow them to meet once a month The Surgeon General has been informed then he can have the use of Fords Theatre for the medical museum. This will probably be taken and hence the proposition to use the Smithsonian for the medical museum [[strikethrough]] has been [[/strikethrough]] ^must be abandoned. Mr H Bradford called this evening to discuss the circulation of the air from the equator to the pole and open polar ice. The problem by no means so simple as he imagined The rotation of the earth affect the results [[end page]] [[new page]] [[preprinted]] SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 25, 1865. [[/preprinted]] Dr. Gibbs called to speak in regard to the printing of the manuscript on the Nootka Sound Indians or the Tahkaht Indians - the very important paper of which the manuscript is now in our possession The author the Rev. C. Knipe is about to return from his mission to England is now in New York therefore it is important that the work be presented Mr. Gibbs declines the preparation of an article on Ethnology for the Navy Depart. Suggests Bartlet and Whitney. Re[[superscript]] d [[/superscript]] from the Capital the Report for 1864 in part
[[preprinted]]SUNDAY, NOVEMBER 26, 1865.[[/preprinted]] [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]]MONDAY, NOVEMBER 27, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Made general estimate of accounts Visited Riggs &co to compare books Unpacked the French apparatus for the Surgeon General Occupied by Dr Wethenall in experimenting [[end page]]
[[preprinted]]TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 28, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Carpenters and Brick layers were received to repair floor in kitchen Experimenting with Dr W. on flow of liquids [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]]WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 29, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Explaining accounts for 1st half year Made a rough estimate of our money standing shall have about 10,000 in the Treasury at the end of the year. Occupied with experiments during the remainder of the day [[end page]]
[[preprinted]]THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 30, 1865.[[preprinted]] Called at the Treasury to solicit the restoration of Mr Crumpsey ---- Brought form the Light House office a number of articles of apparatus which may be of use in the way of experimenting Remainder of the day engaged in experimenting ------- Re[[d superscript]] from Treasury Dept $680 for apparatus imported [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]]FRIDAY, DECEMBER 1, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Rainy day The architect made a draft of 3000 dolls --- [[end page]]
[[preprinted]] SATURDAY, DECEMBER 2, 1865. [[/preprinted]] Mr Blakeslee called to inform me that he could probably procure for us an crow bar which was made from a meteoric storm which fell in New York near lake Champlain Called at the Bank to inform Mr Riggs that we should be obliged to over draw assented to the proposition. Re [[superscript]] d [[/superscript]] as a present a watch clock Assended to the top of the Towers Thing the brick lining very substantial - Gen. Delafield agreed with me that the wall between the piers in the museum does little good [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]] SUNDAY, DECEMBER 3, 1865. [[/preprinted]] We have spent according to the architect about 25,000 For the principal stairs will cost 4,000 We shall require before the completion of the tower 1500 for fresh girders for the stairs which will cost 1000 dollars - Fire proof doors 1200 Brick layers & Labourers [[about symbol]] 2500 4000 1500 1000 1200 2500 _____ $10,200 [[end page]]
[[preprinted]]MONDAY, DECEMBER 4, 1865.[[/preprinted]] correspondence -- Attended meeting of Light House Board - Stated that I wished to purchase out of the appropriation for Fog Signals a Roper Engine Promised to give Mr Mansfield some of our job printing provided he will do it as cheap & as well as others. The concussion of the waves against the side of the Minot's Ledge L H cause a vessel containing oil to wash over when the liquid is for or 5 inches below the rim. A tremor is also produced but not an oscillation These results were thought contradictory but they are not the molecular wave will give the motion incumbent to the oil. -----------I Built a [[?]] with a [[?]] tube [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]]TUESDAY, DECEMBER 5, 1865.[[/preprinted]] engaged in experiments with Dr W. Also in correspondence. architect informs me that he is having the work on building to a close as safely as possible Mrs H and myself invited to dine at Mr Chambers to meet Mrs Astor. Wrote to William Westley our agent in London to order books for the Chicago Academy and also to forbid him to transmit any thing without an order from me which is purchased and may be subject to duty.
[[preprinted]] WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 6, 1865. [[/preprinted]] Engaged in correspondence Wrote to member of Irish Academy proposing to publish a part of his communication on [[Prairie?]] Fires their origin To Professor McIlwain relative to the memoirs of Mr Morgan of Rochester on systems of consangueity. The professor has examined the memoir but as yet has given me no Report Also wrote to Professor Green of Providence asking him to examine the same memoir Visit from Mr. Morgan is willing to make any changes which may be thought advisable We cannot publish at present Mr Mason of Carroll Ohio communicated a new plan of suspending telegraphic cables by means of balloons - gave me an account of a captive balloon which he kept after 5 days - account improbable [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]] THURSDAY, DECEMBER 7, 1865. [[/preprinted]] Thanksgiving day - Attended church Called on Gen Meigs & others - Assorted letters - [[end page]]
[[preprinted]] FRIDAY, DECEMBER 8, 1865. [[/preprinted]] Wrote to Young Azassig commending his proposition to prepare a series of charts for the use of charts and [[accidines?]] - Re [[superscript]] d [[/superscript]] Dr Brewer as the proper man to engage in the enterprise Specimens of Natural History given to Dr Stevenson to arrange Alga Wrote to the Governnor of California in favour of an appropriation for the survey of Whitney. Experiment on the persistance of bubbles or beads as they are called on different liquids Went to the gas establishment with Dr Wethenalll to inspect the gas found it [[grand?]] [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]] SATURDAY, DECEMBER 9, 1865. [[/preprinted]] Long letter to Mr McIlwine of Paris. Sent or rather ordered to be sent copys of Report to Europe Experimented on the lattereal adhesion of liquids.
[[preprinted]] SUNDAY, DECEMBER 10, 1865. [[/preprinted]] The papers of Dr Hayes consist of 1 astronomical and geodetic 2 magnetic survey 3 tidal observations 4 meteorological temperature pressure & winds an appendix and introduction will furnish a sketch [[hand drawn line across page]] On Monday Evening the 11th of Dec the members of the Washington Medical Society held a meeting in the Laboratory of the Institution. They desire to meet in the Smithsonian Building every 1st Monday of the month. I gave them a welcome and showed them some objects of interest and give them an explanation of the [[continued at the bottom of next page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]] MONDAY, DECEMBER 11, 1865. [[/preprinted]] Dr. Hayes called relative to the publication of his papers on the Northern observations. Will furnish the introductory matter in the course of two weeks - is about to publish his narrative - Wishes to know about the publication of the works which I referred to the observatory for aid in the publication. Referred to Mr Schott the work of Lournis of the Aurora. Mr Schott has finished all the calculations in regard to the Hayes Expedition. Sent letter signed by myself and General Delafield to the architect directing him promptly to stop operations on the building and put it in a condition to withstand the storms of winter [[hand drawn line across page]] [[cont. from previous page]] objects plan & operations of the Institution with [[strikethrough]] with [[/strikethrough]] which they appeared much pleased
[[preprinted]]TUESDAY, DECEMBER 12, 1865.[[/preprinted]] very heavy rain water came down in quantities into the cellar and the museum. Architect promises to go on with the putting the building in order for the winter Letter to G. W. Clinton Rain stopped in the afternoon carpenters engaged in putting the roofs in condition to withstand the weather Called on Mr Patterson the Regent on Mr Hooker. Finds that the National Academy is not very popular [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]]WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 13, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Letter to the College of St Francis Xavier announcing the sending of the Publications of the S. I. Letter to the Ac [[d superscript]] of Science Montpellier. To Prof F. Rogers of Phil[[d superscript]] asking loan of work on currency & an copy of Mr Bricks work on the financial condition of the country at the time of the To Mr T Stevens of the House sending Darwin on the origin of species [[end page]]
[[preprinted]]THURSDAY, DECEMBER 14, 1865.[[/preprinted]] [[crossed out]] Dr called will furnish the introduction to his papers in the course of about two weeks He is about publishing his narrative. The first part of which will go to press in a few weeks Wanted to ask about the map which I refer[[d superscript]]to the observatory. [[/crossed out]] W Dr Gibbs called to say that he had in his possession Cremony's vocabulary of the Apaches - Which the author wants very much to have published It would occupy about 50 pages quarto not more It was sent to this Inst by Alex [[stricken]]Mr[[/stricken]]Taylor of Monterey. Mr Clingman former member of congress called wished to see a book - [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]]FRIDAY, DECEMBER 15, 1865.[[/preprinted]] meeting of the Light House Board Present incl Shubrick Daves Gen Delafield Com Harwood & myself Discharge of workmen correspondence experimented on said oil Visited members of Congress
[[preprinted]] SATURDAY, DECEMBER 16, 1865. [[/preprinted]] Wrote long letter to Dr Gould of Cambridge Mr Alexander of Baltimore called for me to go to the Presidens to introduce him went remaind nearly all the morning our efforts unavailing Called on Gen. Skank Experimented with Dr Witherell until near five oclock - Took advantage of the cold weather to develope electricity by pressure Attended meeting of the club at the house of the Secretary of the Treasury Carpenters engaged in putting up the roof on the main building [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]] SUNDAY, DECEMBER 17, 1865. [[/preprinted]] ground covered with a slight coating of snow
[[preprinted]]MONDAY, DECEMBER 18, 1865.[[/preprinted]] went with Mr Alexander agreeably to appointment to call upon the President but found the Antyrooms(sic) crowded with persons seeking an interview - came away without attempting an Entrance. Wrote to the architect to inform him that the expenditure on the building had already amounted to 3500 dolls and that he must not only close all work but an account of all contracts which had been entered into. At about 2 o'clock the building was shaken by a very violent explosion at the arsenal by which several persons were killed. [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]]TUESDAY, DECEMBER 19, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Started for Princeton to attend a meeting of the Trustees of the College arrived in Phil[[d superscript]] at about 5 o'clock [[ends page]]
[[preprinted]]WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 20, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Left in the train of 8 o'clock for Princeton arrived at about 11 Session of the Board until about 3 again after dinner until 5 1/2 o'clock Appointed Rev Dr Shields of Philadelphia professor of the connection of Science Philosophy and religion [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]]THURSDAY, DECEMBER 21,1865.[[/preprinted]] Returned to Phil [[d superscript]] in the train of one o'clock arrived about 3 [[end page]]
[[preprinted]]FRIDAY, DECEMBER 22, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Returned to Princeton in the train of 1/4 past one. [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]]SATURDAY, DECEMBER 23, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Engaged in correspondence Call of the American Consul at the Island of Antigua. Gave the government information of the importation from that Island of rough sugar containing crystalizable substances the rum and the molasses - Each sample will require examination - Meeting of the club at Dr Grieg's [[end page]]
[[preprinted]]SUNDAY, DECEMBER 24, 1865.[[/preprinted]] [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]]MONDAY, DECEMBER 25, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Christmas day- Rainy Water coming into the Museum the Library and other parts of the buildings [[Rober?]] Krupe the Episcopal minister from the western coast called to say that he was going abroad and could not wait to have his paper printed in the contributions would take it to England.
[[preprinted]]TUESDAY, DECEMBER 26, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Mr Pike of Brooklyn called He assisted in collecting the plants for Harvey's Algae - Has been Amer. Consul in Portugal. Wishes to receive the appointment to the Sandwich Islands will collect for the S. I. Offer from a manufacturing chemist to collect specimens in [[stricken]]Great[[/stricken]] Greenland - Future of the Inst [[on superscript]] dark danger thus - The building will absorb all the funds which have accumulated and perhaps the accruing interest Present from Mrs Tilden [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]]WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 27, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Wrote to President Cooper relative to the Election of Dr Wetherill as chemist of the Lehigh College. To several other persons Engaged in experimenting - Letter from Dr Gould will accept our invitation Day very dark light in office air remarkably damp Fire in Library to preserve books - [[end page]]
[[preprinted]]THURSDAY, DECEMBER 28, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Engaged in correspondence and experimenting [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]]FRIDAY, DECEMBER 29, 1865.[[preprinted]] Experimenting in the morning also engaged in correspondence Attended meeting of the light House Board The subject of a paint for the protection of iron referred to me for examination Looked over the last half years accounts preparatory to sending them to Mr Randolph for examination and posting [[end page]]
[[preprinted]]SATURDAY, DECEMBER 30, 1865.[[/preprinted]] Discussion with the architect as to going on farther with the twower(sic) this winter It is very nearly completed but in as much as a large body of men are to be employed and they can work but one day in two or three I think it will be best to stop the work until good weather when every day will tell. We are now arrived at that part of the year in which we may expect a storm every week and as we are obliged to pay double price for materials and double wages to workmen we had better defer the work until spring. [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]]SUNDAY, DECEMBER 31, 1865.[[/preprinted]]
[[preprinted]]MEMORANDA.[[/preprinted]] This has been one of the most eventful years in the history of the Smithsonian Inst [[on superscript]] The fire which occurred in January will absorb a large amount of the funds of the establishment and may tend to change in some respect the whole of its policy [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]]MEMORANDA.[[/preprinted]]
[[preprinted]]MEMORANDA.[[/preprinted]] [[end page]] [[start page]] Mr Mayer informs me that Rugriner in his lectures condemned the adoption of the [[?]] for the same reason that I do - association in favour of the Meteorlol. system Tables published [[refers?]] Lockwood Lee Tomlison's paper on the cohesive figures of liquids method of studying oils - Phil. [[May?]] British assoc 1861 [[?]]
[[blank end pages; some bleed-through of previous page's text]]
[[back cover of book]]