Frederick Carder

ID: SIA2011-0491 and 32046

Creator: Tolman, Ruel P (Ruel Pardee) 1878-1954

Form/Genre: Photographic print

Date: c. 1930s

Citation: Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7433, Box 3, Folder: Ruel P. Tolman Collection, Scrapbook II

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  • A man identified as Frederick Carder. Frederick Carder (September 18, 1863- December 10, 1963) was an English artist and glassmaker. With a grounding in chemistry and metallurgy, he perfected numerous glassmaking techniques including enameling, etching, intarsia and cire perdue ("lost wax"). He created over 8,000 designs, many of them in art nouveau style comparable in quality to Tiffany's works. He is considered a founder of the modern glass movement.
  • Frederick Carder began his glassmaking career with Stevens & Williams in 1881, where he helped re-introduce colored glass. While at Stevens & Williams, Carder worked with Peter Fabergé of Russia. In 1902, Carder was asked to compile a survey of current glassmaking techniques in other countries, including the United States. After 20 years of glass design and glassmaking experience, disagreements developed within Stevens & Williams. As a result, Carder and his family emigrated to the United States where he and Thomas J. Hawkes (of Hawkes crystal) co-founded the Steuben Glass Works in Corning, NY, the home of Corning Glass Company (also known as Corning Glass Works). Carder ran Steuben Glass Works from 1903 until 1918. In 1918, Corning Glass Works purchased Steuben, with Carder continuing to manage all aspects of the business. In 1932, the advent of the Great Depression had a negative impact on business at Steuben. Corning Glass terminated the production of colored glass, took over the direction of the Steuben division, and promoted Carder to artistic director for all Corning divisions.


  • Carder, Frederick
  • Corning Glass Works


Historic Images of the Smithsonian


  • The image was taken by Ruel P. Tolman, Director of Smithsonian National Collection of Fine Arts, and is included in a scrapbook of photographs.
  • See also Neg. SIA2011-0490.

Contained within

Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7433, Box 3, Folder: Ruel P. Tolman Collection, Scrapbook II

Contact information

Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, SW, Washington, D.C. 20024-2520,


c. 1930s

Restrictions & Rights

No restrictions


  • Men
  • Artists


  • Photographic print
  • Person, candid

ID Number

SIA2011-0491 and 32046

Physical description

Number of Images: 1 Color: Black and White ; Size: 2.25w x 2.25h ; Type of Image: Person, Candid ; Medium: Photographic print

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