William and Lucy Mann in Liberia

ID: SIA2011-1031

Creator: Unknown

Form/Genre: Photographic print

Date: 1940

Citation: Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 98-015, Box 2, Folder: October 1989

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Dr. William M. Mann (third from right), director of the National Zoo from 1925 to 1956, and his wife, Lucy (standing), are in a canoe with native people as they cross St. Paul's River near Dobli's Island, Liberia, in 1940. This collection expedition, funded by the tire manufacturer, Harvey Firestone, Jr., was the Zoo's last major expedition. Dr. Mann returned from this trip with several hundred animals including pygmy hippopotamuses, monkeys, duiker antelope, rare birds and reptiles (one of which, a Nile soft-shelled turtle came to the National Zoo, Washington, D.C., and lived in the Reptile House until it died in 1993).


  • Mann, Lucile Quarry 1897-
  • Mann, William M. 1886-1960
  • Firestone, Harvey S. 1898-1973
  • National Zoological Park (U.S.)


Historic Images of the Smithsonian


Feature in the "Torch," October 1989. At the time the article was written the turtle was the Zoo's oldest resident.

Contained within

Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 98-015, Box 2, Folder: October 1989

Contact information

Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, SW, Washington, D.C. 20024-2520, SIHistory@si.edu



Restrictions & Rights

No restrictions


  • Scientific expeditions
  • Zoos
  • Transportation
  • Collectors and collecting
  • Explorations and Expeditions
  • Canoes and canoeing
  • Rivers
  • Liberia
  • Liberians




  • Photographic print
  • Group, candid

ID Number


Physical description

Number of Images: 1; Color: Black and White; Size: 10w x 8h; Type of Image: Group, candid; Medium: Photographic print

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