Mean Temperatures Table, Washington Territory Stations

ID: SIA2010-0725

Creator: Unknown

Form/Genre: Photographic print

Date: 1849-1859

Citation: Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 60, Box 13, Folder 2

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Data of meteorological observations for the Smithsonian's Meteorological Project from 1849-1859 showing the mean temperature by month, mean temperature for the year, extreme high, extreme low, and hours observation in the Washington Territory at Columbia River - Fort Vancouver (Columbia Barracks); Puget's Sound - Fort Steilacoom; and Fort Walla-Walla. 14 pages total.


  • Henry, Joseph 1797-1878
  • Meteorological Project
  • National Weather Service


Historic Images of the Smithsonian


After he was appointed Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, Joseph Henry's first major project was to create the Smithsonian Meteorological Project using a country wide network of voluntary observers to record climate information and send it to the Smithsonian via the growing telegraph network. The Smithsonian Meteorological Project existed from 1846-1870 and led to the founding of the National Weather Service.

Contained within

Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 60, Box 13, Folder 2

Contact information

Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, SW, Washington, D.C. 20024-2520,



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  • Weather
  • Voluntarism
  • Scientific Data Recording
  • Meteorology


  • Photographic print
  • Document

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Physical description

Number of Images: 1; Color: Black and white; Size: 8w x 9.75h; Type of Image: Document; Medium: Photographic print

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