Armagedón Hartmann

ID: SIA2009-4270 or Wetmore # 6090

Creator: Wetmore, Alexander 1886-

Form/Genre: Photographic print

Date: January 24, 1956

Citation: Smithsonian Institution Archives, Alexander Wetmore Papers, Record Unit 7006, Box: 183, Folder Album: Panama and Coiba, 1956

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  • Armagedón (Gedón) Hartmann (seated) at María, Coiba Island on January 24, 1956. Hartmann was a member of Wetmore's scientific expedition in the region. Hartmann is seated on a wooden bench on the beach. There are bird specimens at the end of the bench on the left side of the image. Three men stand around Hartmann. There is a dog lying down at Hartmann's feet. There is also a dog standing at the left edge of the image. There is a firearm laying beside Hartmann. Hartmann has a sheathed machete at his side. The ocean and shore are visible in the background.
  • From 1919 to 1991, Coiba Island was a penal colony. Fear of the prison and its inmates deterred visitors from the island. As such, about 80% of the natural areas on the island remain undisturbed. The island is also host to many endemic species. Both of these factors made the island ideal for Wetmore's scientific expedition. The officers and convicts pictured in Wetmore's images from the expedition were part of the penal colony. Some even worked as laborers for the expedition. Today, the island is no longer a penal colony. Instead, it is one of 38 islands composing Coiba National Park, a World Heritage Site.
  • The image was taken by Smithsonian Secretary and ornithologist Alexander Wetmore while on a scientific expedition in Panama and to Coiba Island and contained in a photo album prepared by Wetmore.


Hartmann, Armagedón


Historic Images of the Smithsonian


For another image of Armagedón Hartmann, see negative number SIA2009-4259.

Contained within

Smithsonian Institution Archives, Alexander Wetmore Papers, Record Unit 7006, Box: 183, Folder Album: Panama and Coiba, 1956

Contact information

Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, SW, Washington, D.C. 20024-2520,


January 24, 1956

Restrictions & Rights

No restrictions


  • Scientific expeditions
  • Birds
  • Field work
  • Beaches
  • Firearms
  • Natural areas
  • Animals
  • Weapons
  • Collectors and collecting
  • Dogs
  • Specimens
  • School field trips
  • Islands
  • Penal colonies
  • Field trips
  • Ornithology--Field work
  • Ornithology
  • Panamanians
  • Swords


  • Panama
  • Coiba Island (Panama)


  • Photographic print
  • Group, candid

ID Number

SIA2009-4270 or Wetmore # 6090

Physical description

Number of Images: 1; Color: Black and white; Size: 4.75w x 4.5h; Type of Image: Group, Candid; Medium: Photographic print

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