Adolf Cluss, Architect: From Germany to America

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  • Essays on the life and work of Adolf Cluss, architect of the Smithsonian's Arts and Industries Building. Traces the life and career of Adolf Cluss, 1825-1905, an architect of many civic buildings in Washington, D.C., including the Smithsonian's Arts and Industries Building. Chapters include: Part One: Adolf Cluss in Heilbronn - His Formative Years by Christhard Shrenk and Peter Wanner; Years of Apprenticeship and Travel: Adolf Cluss and the Revolution of 1848 in Mainz by Sabine Freitag; Adolf Cluss: From German Revolutionary to Architect for America's Capital by Sabina W. Dugan; Die Residenzler: German Americans in the Making of the Nation's Capitol by Kathleen Neils Conzen.
  • Photo Essays: The Washington Cluss Found, the Washington Cluss Made by Joseph L Browne, Sabina W. Dugan, and Harriet Lesser, and Adolf Cluss: A Family Album by Joseph L Browne, Sabina W. Dugan, and Harriet Lesser. Part Two: Adolf Cluss, the World, and Washington by Richard Longstreth; Adolf Cluss and Washington's Public Works by Alan Lessoff; Cluss's Masterwork: The National Museum Building by Cynthia R. Field; Schools for All: Adolf Cluss and Education by Tanya Edwards Beauchamp; Adolf Cluss and Public Market Reform by Helen Tangires; and Epilogue: The Lost Buildings of Adolf Cluss by Christof Mauch.


  • Cluss, Adolph 1825-1905
  • Cluss & Daniel
  • Cluss & Schulze
  • Arts and Industries Building
  • German Historical Institute (Washington, D.C.)
  • Stadtarchiv Heilbronn
  • Charles Sumner School Museum and Archives
  • Historical Society of Washington, D.C


Smithsonian History Bibliography

Citation information

German Historical Institute Studies in German History


  • Related to the Adolf Cluss (1825-1905) exhibitions at both the Charles Sumner School Museum in Washington, D.C., and the Stadtarchiv Heilbronn, Germany, September 2005 to February 2006.
  • Bergamot Books

Contact information

Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Institution Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, SW, Washington, D.C. 20024-2520,




  • Design
  • Architecture
  • Architects
  • Museum architecture
  • Architectural design



Physical description

Number of pages : 184; Page numbers : 1-184 illustrations, maps

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