International Exchange Service No Longer Delivers Government Publications

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The Smithsonian's International Exchange Service transfers responsibility for international exchange of government publications to the Library of Congress and U.S. Government Printing Office. The IES had first taken on this responsibility at the request of the U.S. Department of State, after an international conference on exchanges, held in Paris in 1875. The IES will now focus on the exchange of scholarly publications. The long-time director of the IES, Jack Estes, had died in February 1982.


  • Estes, John
  • International Exchange Service (IES)
  • Library of Congress
  • United States Government Printing Office
  • United States Dept. of State


Chronology of Smithsonian History

Contact information

Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Institution Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20024-2520,




  • Terminations
  • Exchanges, Literary and scientific

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