Steam Tricycle in Front of North Entrance to SIB

ID: 57818 or MAH-57818

Creator: Unknown

Form/Genre: Photographic print

Date: 1888

Citation: Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 95, Box 30A, Folder: 16

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This photo shows the Copeland steam-propelled tricycle in front of the Carriage Porch at the north entrance Smithsonian Institution Building (the Castle) on the Mall. The driver of the tricycle is its inventor, Lucius D. Copeland; the passenger is Frances Benjamin Johnston, who later became a noted Washington photographer. Standing to the left are patent attorney B. C. Poole and an associate, and the builder and promoter of the tricycle, Sandford Northrop. To the right are W. H. Travis and J. Elfreth Watkins, curator of the transportation section in the Smithsonian's U.S. National Museum, 1885-1903. At back right is Immanuel Moses Casanowicz, Assistant Curator, Division of Historic Archaeology at the U.S. National Museum, with a white beard, wearing a dark toque, and facing right.


  • Copeland, Lucius D
  • Watkins, J. Elfreth
  • Johnston, Frances Benjamin 1864-1952
  • Casanowicz, Immanuel Moses
  • Smithsonian Institution Building (Washington, D.C.)


Historic Images of the Smithsonian


A similar photograph (negative# 5125) of the steam tricycle is also located along with this photograph.

Contained within

Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 95, Box 30A, Folder: 16

Contact information

Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Institution Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20024-2520,



Restrictions & Rights

No restrictions


  • North front
  • Women
  • Inventors
  • Transportation
  • Bicycles
  • Clothing and dress
  • Inventions
  • Tricycles
  • Steam engines
  • Carriage Porch


  • District of Columbia
  • Southwest
  • United States of America
  • Smithsonian Institution Building
  • Washington


  • Photographic print
  • Group, candid

ID Number

57818 or MAH-57818

Physical description

Color: Black and White; Size: 10w x 8h; Type of Image: Group, candid; Medium: Photographic print

Full Record

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