Courtyard of Freer Replaced with Grass

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The first director of the Freer Gallery of Art, John E. Lodge, replaces the brick paving of the museum's courtyard with grass, in an effort to cool the galleries in the days before air conditioning.


Freer Gallery of Art


Chronology of Smithsonian History


OPA Press release for May 1993 FGA opening

Contact information

Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Institution Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20024-2520,




  • Courtyards
  • Architecture
  • Repair and reconstruction
  • Grounds
  • Grasses
  • Buildings
  • Buildings--Repair and reconstruction

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