Interior View of Kohinoor Mine, Shenandoah, Pennsylvania

ID: SIA Acc. 11-006 [MAH-2839]

Creator: Bretz, George M. 1842-1895

Form/Genre: Glass negatives

Date: 1884

Citation: Smithsonian Institution Archives, Acc. 11-006, Box 005, Image No. MAH-2839

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Has the face of the breast for a background, showing especially the lower benches of the formation and the slate partings. A man on the left is breaking down the coal with a pick, one in the center is loading the lump coal on a mine car with a shovel, and one on the right is drilling a hole for a blast with the old fashioned hand drill or "jumper." The scraper for removing the drill dust from the hole and the needle for the introduction of the cartridge lean against the face of the breast in front of the middle man.


  • Dewey, Fred. P (Frederic Perkins) 1855-1921
  • Brown, James Templeman
  • United States National Museum
  • a United States National Museum Department of Metallurgy and Economic Geology
  • World's Industrial and Cotton Centennial Exposition (1884-1885 : New Orleans, La.)


  • Description from "Bulletin of the United States National Museum, No. 42: A Preliminary Descriptive Catalogue of the Systematic Collections in Economic Geology and Metallurgy in the United States National Museum," page 223.
  • Interior photographs of breast No. 39 taken by electric light August 28 and 29, 1884.
  • Collected for curator of metallurgy and economic geology Frederic P. Dewey by assistant James Templeman Brown as part of Dewey's "Plan to illustrate the mineral resources of the United States, and their utilization, at the World's Industrial and Cotton Centennial of 1884-85, at New Orleans."

Cite as

Smithsonian Institution Archives, Acc. 11-006, Box 005, Image No. MAH-2839

Repository Loc.

Smithsonian Institution Archives Capital Gallery, Suite 3000, MRC 507; 600 Maryland Avenue, SW; Washington, DC 20024-2520



Restrictions & Rights

  • No access restrictions Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at
  • No Known Copyright


  • Mining
  • Mineral industries
  • Coal
  • Coal mines and mining
  • Mines and mineral resources


  • Shenandoah (Pa.)
  • Pennsylvania
  • Schuylkill County (Pa.)


Glass negatives

Local number

SIA Acc. 11-006 [MAH-2839]

Physical description

8 x 10;

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