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Record Unit 9607,  Heyman, Ira Michael,1930- interviewee,  I. Michael Heyman Interviews, 1999, 2001, 2004

Repository: Smithsonian Institution Archives, Washington, D.C. Contact us at osiaref@si.edu.
Creator: Heyman, Ira Michael,1930- interviewee
Title: I. Michael Heyman Interviews
Dates: 1999, 2001, 2004
Quantity: 4 audiotapes (Reference copies).
Collection: Record Unit 9607
Language of Materials: English
Summary:

These interviews of Heyman complement a set of interviews at the Regional Oral History Office, University of California at Berkeley, which document his youth, education and career at the University of California. These interviews, conducted by Pamela M. Henson, cover his role as a member of the Smithsonian Board of Regents, especially his work on the Commission on the Future of the Smithsonian, 1995, and his tenure as Secretary from 1994 to 1999, especially the Enola Gay controversy. It also includes an interview of Heyman by Marc Pachter in 1999.

Historical Note

I. Michael Heyman (1930-2011), law professor and tenth Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, received his A.B. in government from Dartmouth College in 1951, and his J.D. from Yale Law School in 1956. Heyman was a professor of Law at the University of California at Berkeley from 1959 to 1990 and also served as Vice Chancellor (1974-1980) and Chancellor (1980-1990). He served on the Smithsonian Institution Board of Regents from 1990 to 1994 and as the tenth Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution from 1994 to 1999. These interviews of Heyman complement a set of interviews at the Regional Oral History Office, University of California at Berkeley, which document his youth, education, and career at the University of California. Conducted by Smithsonian historian Pamela M. Henson, the Smithsonian interviews cover his role as a member of the Smithsonian Board of Regents, 1990-1994, especially his work on the Commission on the Future of the Smithsonian, and his tenure as Secretary from 1994 to 1999, especially the Enola Gay controversy. It also includes an interview of Heyman by Marc Pachter in 1999.

Introduction

The Oral History Program is part of the Smithsonian Institution Archives. The purpose of the program is to conduct interviews with current and retired members of the Smithsonian staff who have made significant contributions, administrative and scholarly, to the Institution. The project's goal is to supplement the published record and manuscript collections in the Archives, focusing on the history of the Institution and contributions to the increase and diffusion of knowledge made by its scholars.

The I. Michael Heyman interviews were conducted as part of the Smithsonian Institution Archives Oral History Program because of his role as a member of the Smithsonian Board of Regents and then as Secretary of the Smithsonian from 1994 to 1999.

Descriptive Entry

The I. Michael Heyman Interviews were conducted in 1999, 2001, 2004 and 2007 by Smithsonian Archives Historian Pamela M. Henson. The first interview in 1999 was conducted by historian Marc Pachter. This collection consists of six interview sessions, totaling approximately 10 hours of recordings, 331 pages of transcript, and occupies 0.5 cubic feet of shelf space. There are three generations of recordings for the first three sessions: original audiotapes, preservation digital .wav files and reference audiocassette tapes and .mp3 audio files. Sessions 4 to 6 were recorded in digital audio, with original digital .wav files, preservation digital .wav files, and reference .mp3 audio files. In total, this collection is comprised of 1 original audio cassette, 6 original 7 reel-to-reel audiotapes, 4 reference copy audio cassette tapes, 13 digital .wav files, and 13 digital .mp3 files. The original audiotapes and .wav files are reserved in preservation storage. Box 1 contains transcripts of the interviews and cassette and digital copies of the original recordings.

Additional documentation pertaining to Heyman can be found in the Records of the Office of the Secretary.

Access Restriction

The transcripts are available for research use, but the recordings of the interviews of I. Michael Heyman do not have prefaces. Researchers may submit a written request to interviewee, heirs, or assigns for written permission to use the recordings.

Preferred Citation

Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9607, Oral history interviews with I. Michael Heyman

Container List

Box 1

Transcripts of Interviews

Interview 1: 21 October 1999

Box 1 of 1

The first interview of Heyman was recorded by Marc Pachter, who served as Counselor to the Secretary during Heyman's tenure. Heyman discusses Smithsonian exhibits of particular interest to him, including the Enola Gay and the Star-Spangled Banner; creation of the Smithsonian Affiliations Program; and his role as an agent of change; c. 1994-1999.
Transcript, pp. 1-8 of audiocassette recording, 1.0 hour.

Interview 2: 20 April 2001

Box 1 of 1

The remaining interviews were conducted by SI Historian Pamela Henson. The series begins with an overview of Heyman's education; tenure as a clerk to Chief Justice Earl Warren, reminiscences of the Smithsonian in the 1950s; his teaching career at the University of California; and service of the Smithsonian Board of Regents; c. 1940s-1990s.
Transcript 1-88, of audiotape recording, 2.0 hours

.

Box 1 of 1

Interview 3: 15 October 2004

Box 1 of 1

Discusses his work on fund-raising, especially with the Smithsonian National Board and its chairman Lloyd Schermer; and management of museums, including the Enola Gay controversy; c. 1990s.
Transcript, pp. 1-34, of audiotape recording, 1.0 hour.

Interview 4: 25 October 2007

Box 1 of 1

Discusses the creation of the National Museum of the American Indian and work with director Rick West, disputes with architect, and concerns of planning boards; and preparation of the Willful Neglect report on the role of Latinos at the Smithsonian; c. 1990s.
Transcript, pp. 1-78, of audio recording, 1:44 hours.

Interview 5: 26 October 2007

Box 1 of 1

Addresses challenges of maintaining historic, special-purpose buildings, especially federal vs. private funding, and use of bonds for special projects; development of new telescope in Hawaii; renovations of art museum buildings including the Cooper-Hewitt, National Design Museum and the American Art and Portrait Galleries, acquisition of the Victor Building to provide additional office space; management of the National Air and Space Museum under director Martin Harwit and development of the Udvar Hazy Center near Dulles Airport; coordination of fundraising efforts across the Smithsonian; and the Institution's move onto the Internet in 1995; c. 1990s.
Transcript, pp. 1-42, of audio recording, 1.36 hours.

Interview 6: 29 October 2007

Box 1 of 1

Focuses on the Sesquicentennial of the Smithsonian Institution in 1996, including the America's Smithsonian traveling exhibit and its reception in various cities, funding raising, and the Festival of American Folklife focus on the Smithsonian and the August 10-11 Sesquicentennial Birthday Party on the National Mall; effects of the 1995-1996 extended government shut-down; changes to the Smithsonian's organizational structure with a provost, without damaging the organization; and reflections on the major challenges of his tenure, notably the Enola Gay controversy and efforts to more actively engage the Board of Regents in the Institution; c. 1990s.
Transcript, pp. 1-78, of audio recording, 1:41 hours.

Audio Recordings of Interviews

Interview 1: 21 October 1999

Box 1 of 1

Total Recording Time: 1.0 hour
Original Masters: 1 analog audiocassette
Preservation Masters: 1 digital .wav file
Reference Copies: 1 audiotape cassette; 1 digital .mp3 file

Interview 2: 20 April 2001

Box 1 of 1

Total Recording Time: 2.0 hours
Original Masters: 4 7" reel-to-reel analog audiotapes
Preservation Masters: 4 digital .wav files
Reference Copies: 2 audiotape cassettes; 4 digital .mp3 files

Interview 3: 15 October 2004

Box 1 of 1

Total Recording Time: 1.0 hour
Original Masters: 2 7" reel-to-reel analog audiotapes
Preservation Masters: 2 digital .wav files
Reference Copies: 1 audiotape cassettes; 3 digital .mp3 files

Interview 4: 25 October 2007

Box 1 of 1

Total Recording Time: 1:44 hour
Original Masters: 3 digital .wav files
Preservation Masters: 3 digital .wav files
Reference Copies: 3 digital .mp3 files

Interview 5: 26 October 2007

Box 1 of 1

Total Recording Time: 1:36 hours
Original Masters: 2 digital .wav files
Preservation Masters: 2 digital .wav files
Reference Copies: 2 digital .mp3 files

Interview 6: 29 October 2007

Box 1 of 1

Total Recording Time: 1:41 hours
Original Masters: 1 digital .wav file
Preservation Masters: 1 digital .wav file1
Reference Copies: 1 digital .mp3 file