Agency history, 1921-

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  • Nollman, Ellen Anne
  • Freer, Charles Lang 1856-1919
  • Parler, Grace A
  • Griffin, Grace C
  • Usilton, Bertha M
  • Olsen, Constance B
  • Kecskes, Lily
  • Smith, Priscilla P
  • Yoshimura, Reiko
  • Smithsonian Institution Libraries
  • Freer Gallery of Art
  • Arthur M. Sackler Gallery (Smithsonian Institution)


Agency History


  • This is an agency history. It does not describe actual records. The Smithsonian Institution Archives uses these histories as brief accounts of the origin, development, and functions of an office or administrative unit to set that unit in its historical context. To find information on record holdings, please double-click the highlighted field "Creator/Author", which will open on a brief view of relevant records.
  • Smithsonian Annals, 1921, 1923, 1928, 1931-1997
  • Smithsonian Directory, 1999
  • Accession 02-052, Acquisition Records, 1924, 1936-1958
  • Smithsonian Libraries, About Library Locations, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Library,, accessed September 13, 2021.
  • The Freer Gallery of Art Library was created around 1921 to house publications deposited by the Smithsonian Institution, a large library collected by Charles Lang Freer himself, and donations from others, all relating to Asian art and culture and the Freer collection of art in particular. It is used by Smithsonian staff, Freer and Sackler galleries' staff especially; private researchers; and students. The Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Library is a branch of the Smithsonian Institution Libraries network and currently reports to the Deputy Director of the Freer and Sackler galleries.
  • One of the earliest known librarians, who was solely in charge of the Freer Library, was Grace A. Parler, about 1931-1932. Grace C. Griffin was appointed Librarian for one year, 1943-1944, and was followed by Bertha M. Usilton, Librarian, 1944-1964. From 1964 to 1966, Constance B. Olsen held the position. Priscilla P. Smith was Librarian from about 1966 to 1981. Ellen Anne Nollman was Librarian, 1981-1986, and Head Librarian, 1986-1987. Lily Kecskes was Head Librarian, 1987-1992. She then served as Head, Library and Archives, 1992-2001. Reiko Yoshimura became Head Librarian in 2002.
  • For a history of the larger creating unit, refer to "Forms part of" above.

Repository Loc.

Smithsonian Institution Archives, Capital Gallery, Suite 3000, MRC 507; 600 Maryland Avenue, SW; Washington, DC 20024-2520


  • 1921
  • 1921-


  • Museum libraries
  • Art libraries


Mixed archival materials

Local number

SIA AH00194

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