Agency history, 1979-1984

Usage Conditions Apply
The Smithsonian Institution Archives welcomes personal and educational use of its collections unless otherwise noted. For commercial uses, please contact


  • Kleiman, Devra G
  • Eisenberg, John Frederick
  • Dietlein, Donald R
  • Bridgwater, Donald D
  • Garner, Floris M. 1922-
  • Horsley, Jaren G
  • Roth, Waldfried T
  • National Zoological Park (U.S.) Animal Department
  • National Zoological Park (U.S.) Department of Living Vertebrates
  • National Zoological Park (U.S.) Office of Animal Management


Agency History


  • This is an agency history. It does not describe actual records. The Smithsonian Institution Archives uses these histories as brief accounts of the origin, development, and functions of an office or administrative unit to set that unit in its historical context. To find information on record holdings, please double-click the highlighted field "Creator/Author", which will open on a brief view of relevant records.
  • Guide to the Smithsonian Archives, 1996
  • Finding aid, Record Unit 326, Guide to the Records of the Office of the Director, National Zoological Park, c. 1920-1984
  • Annutal Report of the Smithsonian Institution, 1984
  • Prior to the early 1960s, management of the animal collections at the National Zoological Park (NZP) was primarily the responsibility of the animal keepers. In 1961, the Animal Department was created, with Waldfried T. Roth in charge as General Curator. Roth resigned in 1964, and Donald R. Dietlein was appointed Manager of the Department. The Animal Department was renamed the Department of Living Vertebrates in 1968, with Donald D. Bridgwater as Head. The Department of Living Vertebrates was abolished in 1971, and administration of the animal collection passed to Floris M. Garner, Assistant Director for Zoological Programs. Garner resigned the following year, and the Office of Animal Management (OAM) was created. Jaren G. Horsley was General Curator of OAM until 1979, when animal management was reorganized and became the Office of Animal Programs. At that time, John Frederick Eisenberg was appointed Assistant Director for Animal Programs. Eisenberg resigned his position in 1982 and was succeeded by Devra G. Kleiman, Acting Assistant Director for Animal Programs. During 1984 the office appears to have been merged into a new entity, the Assistant Directorship for Zoological Research and Education, directed by Kleiman.
  • For a history of the larger creating unit, refer to "Forms part of " above.

Repository Loc.

Smithsonian Institution Archives, Capital Gallery, Suite 3000, MRC 507; 600 Maryland Avenue, SW; Washington, DC 20024-2520


  • 1979
  • 1979-1984


  • Zoos
  • Animals
  • Zoo animals


Mixed archival materials

Local number

SIA AH00232

Full Record

View Full Record