Agency history, 1965-

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  • Cressey, Roger F. 1930-
  • Manning, Raymond B (Raymond Brendan) 1934-2000
  • Pawson, David L (David Leo) 1938-
  • Roper, Clyde F. E. 1937-
  • Squires, Donald Fleming
  • Rosewater, Joseph 1928-1985
  • Hope, W. Duane 1935-
  • Kensley, Brian Frederick
  • Fauchald, Kristian
  • Hart, C. W
  • Hershler, Robert
  • Coddington, Jonathan A
  • Lemaitre, Rafael
  • Cairns, Stephen
  • Norenburg, Jon L
  • Strong, Ellen E
  • Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Department of Invertebrate Zoology
  • b Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Department of Zoology
  • Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Division of Marine Invertebrates
  • Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Division of Mollusks
  • Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Division of Crustacea
  • Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Division of Echinoderms
  • Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Division of Worms
  • Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Department of Mollusks


Agency History


  • This is an agency history. It does not describe actual records. The Smithsonian Institution Archives uses these histories as brief accounts of the origin, development, and functions of an office or administrative unit to set that unit in its historical context. To find information on record holdings, please double-click the highlighted field "Creator/Author", which will open on a brief view of relevant records.
  • Guide to the Smithsonian Archives
  • Smithsonian Year
  • National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, "Invertebrate Zoology at the Smithsonian." []. September 2, 1999.
  • The Department of Invertebrate Zoology was created in 1965 by the separation of the Department of Zoology into vertebrate and invertebrate branches. The Divisions of Marine Invertebrates and Mollusks were under administrative control of the newly created Department of Invertebrate Zoology. On July 1, 1965, the Division of Marine Invertebrates was abolished and three new divisions were formed--Crustacea, Echinoderms, and Worms--and were joined with the existing Department of Mollusks to form the Department of Invertebrate Zoology.
  • Chairmen of the Department of Invertebrate Zoology have included Donald Fleming Squires, 1965-1966; Joseph Rosewater, Acting Chairman, 1966; Raymond B. Manning, 1967-1971; David L. Pawson, 1971-1975; W. Duane Hope, 1975-1981; Clyde F. E. Roper, 1981-1985; Roger F. Cressey, 1985-1988; C. W. Hart, 1988-1991; Brian Frederick Kensley, 1991-1995; Kristian Fauchald, 1995-2001; David L. Pawson, 2001-2003; Robert Hershler, 2003-2004; Jonathan A. Coddington, 2004-2005; Rafael Lemaitre, 2005-2008; Stephen Cairns, 2008-2011; Jon L. Norenburg, 2011-2017; and Ellen E. Strong, 2017- .
  • For a further history of the creating unit, refer to the highlighted "Forms part of" above.

Repository Loc.

Smithsonian Institution Archives, Capital Gallery, Suite 3000, MRC 507; 600 Maryland Avenue, SW; Washington, DC 20024-2520


  • 1964
  • 1965-


  • Marine invertebrates
  • Invertebrate zoology
  • Scientists
  • Invertebrates


Mixed archival materials

Local number

SIA AH00020

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