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Finding Aids to Personal Papers and Special Collections in the Smithsonian Institution Archives

Record Unit 7180

Fowler, Henry Weed, 1878-1965

Henry Weed Fowler Papers, circa 1920, 1930-1941

Repository: Smithsonian Institution Archives, Washington, D.C. Contact us at osiaref@si.edu.
Creator: Fowler, Henry Weed, 1878-1965
Title: Henry Weed Fowler Papers
Dates: circa 1920, 1930-1941
Quantity: 8 cu. ft. (8 record storage boxes)
Collection: Record Unit 7180
Language of Materials: English
Summary:

These papers consist of Henry Weed Fowler's unpublished manuscript on the United States Exploring Expedition fishes and the last six unpublished parts of his work on the Philippine fishes.

Historical Note

Henry Weed Fowler was born March 23, 1878 in Holmesburg, Pennsylvania. His post-high school academic career was limited to two years (ca. 1900) spent at Stanford University as a special student under David Starr Jordan. His entire professional life was spent in association with the Academy of Natural Sciences where he was employed as a museum assistant (1903-1922), a museum fellow (1922-1923), associate curator of vertebrate zoology (1925-1934), curator of fishes and reptiles (1934-1940) and curator of fishes (1940-1965). While Fowler published papers on crustaceans, birds, reptiles and amphibians during his lifetime, ichthyology was his main interest and the area in which he did most of his work. He was a founder of the American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists and its treasurer for seven years. He was also President of the Society in 1927. He died in 1965.

Fowler's connection with the Smithsonian centered on two main projects. Around 1918, Barton A. Bean, assistant curator of fishes at the United States National Museum, recommended that the fishes of the Wilkes Exploring Expedition be sent to Fowler since they had never been properly identified. Fowler returned a manuscript of approximately 750 pages in 1920. This manuscript was never published although Fowler did publish a summary of the paper in 1940 in the Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society (volume 82, pages 733-800). Bean and Fowler also published a report on eighteen new species of fish in the Wilkes collection in the Proceedings of the United States National Museum (2488, 22 December 1923).

In 1925, Fowler and Bean began a collaborative work on the fishes collected by the Bureau of Fisheries steamer Albatross in the Philippines from 1907-1910. Six volumes were published from 1928 to 1941 as parts 7-8 and 10-13 of Bulletin 100 of the United States National Museum. The first three were jointly authored by Bean and Fowler and the latter three by Fowler alone. In addition, Fowler submitted six additional manuscripts which were never published.

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Introduction

This finding aid was digitized with funds generously provided by the Smithsonian Institution Women's Committee.

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Descriptive Entry

These papers consist of Henry Weed Fowler's unpublished manuscripts on the Wilkes Expedition fishes and the last six unpublished parts of his work on the Philippine fishes.

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Preferred Citation

Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7180, Henry Weed Fowler Papers

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Container List

Series 1

MANUSCRIPT OF HENRY WEED FOWLER ENTITLED THE FISHES OBTAINED BY THE UNITED STATES EXPLORING EXPEDITION, 1838-1842 UNDER THE COMMAND OF CAPTAIN CHARLES WILKES, UNPUBLISHED,

Series

Box 1

Folder 1 Introduction, pp. 1-5

Box 1 of 8

Folder 2 Route of the Expedition, pp. 6-48

Box 1 of 8

Folders 3-6 Description of Species, pp. 49-760

Box 1 of 8

Series 2

MANUSCRIPT OF HENRY WEED FOWLER ON THE FISHES OF THE PHILIPPINES, UNPUBLISHED, CIRCA 1930-1941.

Box 1

Manuscript and typescript of Part 7 entitled The Fishes of the groups Stomiatoidei, Synbranchii, Apodes, Heteromi, Lyopomi, Iniomi and related forms, mostly bathypelagic, collected by the United States Bureau of Fisheries Steamer "Albatross," chiefly in Philippine Seas and adjacent waters. (Boxes 1-3)

Folder 7 Introduction to Part 7

Box 1 of 8

Folder 8 Family Alepocephalidae

Box 1 of 8

Folder 9 Families Argentinidae and Serpidae

Box 1 of 8

Folder 10 Sub-order Stomiatoidea. Family Gonostomatidae

Box 1 of 8

Folder 11 Sub-order Stomiatoidea. Family Stermoptychidae

Box 1 of 8

Folder 12 Sub-order Stomiatoidea. Family Astronesthisdae

Box 1 of 8

Folder 13 Sub-order Stomiatoidea. Family Chauliodontidae

Box 1 of 8

Folders 14-15 Sub-order Stomiatoidea. Family Stomiatidae

Box 1 of 8

Folder 16 Sub-order Stomiatoidea. Family Malacosteidae

Box 1 of 8

Folder 17 Order Synbranchii.

Box 1 of 8

Folder 18 Order Apodes. Families Dericthyidae, Muraenidae, Simenchelyidae, Ilyophidae, Synaphobranchidae

Box 1 of 8

Folder 19 Order Apodes. Family Leptocephalidae

Box 1 of 8

Folder 20 Order Apodes. Families Muraenesocidae, Neenchalidae and Sauromuraenesocidae

Box 1 of 8

Folder 21 Order Apodes. Families Heterocongridae, Xenocongridae, Nettastomidae and Nemicthyidae

Box 1 of 8

Folder 22 Order Apodes. Families Macrocpenchelyidae, Dysommidae and Echelidae

Box 1 of 8

Box 2

Folder 1 Order Apodes. Family Ophichthyidae

Box 2 of 8

Folder 2 Order Apodes. Family Ratabouridae

Box 2 of 8

Folder 3 Order Apodes. Family Echidnidae

Box 2 of 8

Folder 4 Order Heteromi.

Box 2 of 8

Folder 5 Order Lyopomi.

Box 2 of 8

Folder 6 Order Iniomi. Families Aulopidae and Synodontidae

Box 2 of 8

Folder 7 Order Iniomi. Family Sudidae

Box 2 of 8

Folders 8-9 Order Iniomi. Family Myctophidae

Box 2 of 8

Folders 10-11 Order Iniomi. Family Myctophidae

Box 2 of 8

Folder 12 Order Iniomi. Families Omosudidae, Alepisauridae and Scopelarchidae

Box 2 of 8

Folder 13 Typescript. Families Alepocephalidae, Argentindae and Serpidae

Box 2 of 8

Folder 14 Typescript. Sub-order Stomiatoidea. Families Gonostomatidae, Stermoptychidae, Astronesthisdae and Chauliodontidae

Box 2 of 8

Folder 15 Typescript. Sub-order Stomiatoidea. Families Stomiatidae and Malacosteidae

Box 2 of 8

Folder 16 Typescript. Order Synbranchii.

Box 2 of 8

Box 3

Folder 1 Typescript. Order Apodes. Families Dericthyidae, Muraenidae, Simenchelyidae, Ilyophidae, Synaphobranchidae, Leptocephalidae, Muraenesocidae, Neenchalidae, Sauromuraensocidae, Heterocongridae, Xenocongridae and Nettastomidae

Box 3 of 8

Folder 2 Typescript. Order Apodes. Families Nemicthyidae, Macrocpenchelyidae, Dysommidae, Echelidae and Ophichthyidae

Box 3 of 8

Folder 3 Typescript. Order Apodes. Family Ratabouridae

Box 3 of 8

Folder 4 Typescript. Order Apodes. Family Echidnidae

Box 3 of 8

Folder 5 Typescript. Orders Heteromi and Lyopomi.

Box 3 of 8

Folder 6 Typescript. Order Iniomi. Families Aulopidae and Synodontidae

Box 3 of 8

Folder 7 Typescript. Order Iniomi. Family Sudidae

Box 3 of 8

Folders 8-10 Typescript. Order Iniomi. Family Myctophidae

Box 3 of 8

Folder 11 Typescript. Order Iniomi. Families Omosudidae, Alepisauridae and Scopelarchidae

Box 3 of 8

Manuscript and typescript of Part 8, entitled The Fishes of the Orders Synentognathi, Anacanthini, Allotriognathi and Heterosomata collected by the United States Bureau of Fisheries Steamer "Albatross," chiefly in Philippine Seas and adjacent waters. (Boxes 3-5)

Folder 12 Introduction to Part 8

Box 3 of 8

Folder 13 Order Synentognathi. Sub-order Scombresocoidea

Box 3 of 8

Folder 14 Order Synentognathi. Sub-order Exocoetidea. Family Hemiramphidae

Box 3 of 8

Folder 15 Order Synentognathi. Sub-order Exocoetoidea. Family Exocoetidae

Box 3 of 8

Box 4

Folder 1 Order Anacanthini, Families Atelopodidae, Gadidae and Merlucciidae

Box 4 of 8

Folder 2 Order Anacanthini, Family Coryphaenoididae

Box 4 of 8

Folders 3-4 Order Anacanthini, Family Coryphaenoididae

Box 4 of 8

Folder 5 Order Allotriognathi

Box 4 of 8

Folder 6 Order Heterosomata, Family Psettodidae

Box 4 of 8

Folder 7 Order Heterosomata, Family Bothidae

Box 4 of 8

Folder 8 Order Heterosomata, Family Pleuronectidae

Box 4 of 8

Folder 9 Order Heterosomata, Family Soleidae

Box 4 of 8

Folder 10 Order Heterosomata, Family Cynoglossidae

Box 4 of 8

Folder 11 Typescript. Introduction to Part 8

Box 4 of 8

Folder 12 Typescript. Order Synentognathi. Sub-order Scombresocoidea

Box 4 of 8

Folder 13 Typescript. Order Synentognathi. Sub-order Exocoetidea

Box 4 of 8

Folder 14 Typescript. Order Anacanthini. Families Atelopodidae, Gadidae and Merlucciidae

Box 4 of 8

Folders 15-17 Typescript. Order Anancanthini. Family Coryphaenoididae

Box 4 of 8

Folder 18 Typescript. Order Allotriognathi.

Box 4 of 8

Box 5

Folder 1 Typescript. Order Heterosomata. Families Psettodidae and Bothidae

Box 5 of 8

Folder 2 Typescript. Order Heterosomata. Families Pleuronectidae and Soleidae

Box 5 of 8

Folder 3 Typescript. Order Heterosomata. Family Cynoglossidae

Box 5 of 8

Manuscript of Part 9, entitled The Fishes of the Orders Zeoidei, Berycoidei, Thoracostei (Lophobranchii, Hypostomides, Aulostomi) and Percomorphi (Percesoces and Rhegnopteri) collected by the United States Bureau of Fisheries Steamer "Albatross," chiefly in Philippine Seas and adjacent waters. (Boxes 5-6)

Folder 4 Introduction to Part 9

Box 5 of 8

Folder 5 Order Zeoidei.

Box 5 of 8

Folder 6 Order Berycoidei, Families Rondeletiidae, Stephanoberycidae, Gribberichthyidae, Diretmidae and Melanphaidae

Box 5 of 8

Folder 7 Order Berycoidei, Families Bathyclupeidae, Caristiidae, Trachichthyidae, Ostracoberycidae and Berycidae

Box 5 of 8

Folders 8-9 Order Berycoidei, Family Holocentridae

Box 5 of 8

Folder 10 Order Berycoidei, Families Polymixiidae and Anomalopidae

Box 5 of 8

Folders 11-14 Order Lophobranchii, Family Syngnathidae

Box 5 of 8

Folder 15 Order Hypostomides

Box 5 of 8

Folder 16 Order Aulostomi

Box 5 of 8

Folder 17 Order Percesoces, Families Phallostethidae, Nannatherinidae and Melanotaeniidae

Box 5 of 8

Folder 18 Order Percesoces, Family Atherinidae

Box 5 of 8

Box 6

Folders 1-2 Order Percesoces, Family Mugilidae

Box 6 of 8

Folder 3 Order Percesoces, Family Sphyraenidae

Box 6 of 8

Folder 4 Sub-order Rhegnopteri

Box 6 of 8

Manuscript of Part 10, entitled The Scombroid Fishes of the Families Scombridae, Thunnidae, Scomberomoridae, Gempylidae, Lepidopidae, Trichiuridae, Xiphiidae, Istiophoridae, Coryphaenidae, Bramidae, Pteraclidae, Centrolophidae, Stromateidae, Tetragonuridae, Carangidae, Pomatomidae, Rachycentridae, Kurtidae, Lactariidae, Menidae and Leiognathidae collected by the United States Bureau of Fisheries Steamer "Albatross," chiefly in Philippine Seas and adjacent waters. (Box 6)

Folder 5 Correspondence among Alexander Wetmore, George Sprague Myers and Henry Weed Fowler concerning part 10

Box 6 of 8

Folder 6 Introduction to Part 10

Box 6 of 8

Folder 7 Group Scombroidei, Family Scombridae

Box 6 of 8

Folder 8 Group Scombroidei, Family Thunnidae

Box 6 of 8

Folder 9 Group Scombroidei, Family Scomberomoridae

Box 6 of 8

Folder 10 Group Scombroidei, Family Gempylidae

Box 6 of 8

Folder 11 Group Scombroidei, Family Lepidopidae

Box 6 of 8

Folder 12 Group Scombroidei, Family Trichiuridae

Box 6 of 8

Folder 13 Group Scombroidei, Family Xiphiidae

Box 6 of 8

Folder 14 Group Scombroidei, Family Istiophoridae

Box 6 of 8

Folder 15 Group Scombroidei, Family Coryphaenidae

Box 6 of 8

Folder 16 Group Scombroidei, Family Bramidae

Box 6 of 8

Folder 17 Group Scombroidei, Family Pteraclidae

Box 6 of 8

Folder 18 Group Scombroidei, Family Centrolophidae

Box 6 of 8

Folder 19 Group Scombroidei, Family Stromateidae

Box 6 of 8

Folder 20 Group Scombroidei, Family Tetragonuridae

Box 6 of 8

Folders 21-23 Group Scombroidei, Family Carangidae

Box 6 of 8

Folders 24-25 Group Scombroidei, Family Carangidae

Box 6 of 8

Folder 26 Group Scombroidei, Family Pomatomidae

Box 6 of 8

Folder 27 Group Scombroidei, Family Rachycentridae

Box 6 of 8

Folder 28 Group Scombroidei, Family Kurtidae

Box 6 of 8

Folder 29 Group Scombroidei, Family Lactariidae

Box 6 of 8

Folder 30 Group Scombroidei, Family Menidae

Box 6 of 8

Folder 31 Group Scombroidei, Family Leiognathidae

Box 6 of 8

Box 7

Manuscript of Part 11, entitled The Fishes of the Families Branchiostegidae, Labracoglossidae, Malacanthidae, Cepolidae, Cirrhitidae, Chironemidae, Aplodactylidae, Latridae, Scorpaenidae, Synanceidae, Caracanthidae, Aploactidae, Platycephalidae, Bembradidae, Oplichthyidae, Triglidae, Cephalacanthidae and Peristediidae, collected by the United States Bureau of Fisheries Steamer "Albatross," chiefly in Philippine Seas and adjacent waters. (Box 7)

Folder 1 Introduction to Part 11

Box 7 of 8

Folder 2 Family Branchiostegidae

Box 7 of 8

Folder 3 Family Labracoglossidae

Box 7 of 8

Folder 4 Family Malacanthidae

Box 7 of 8

Folder 5 Family Cepolidae

Box 7 of 8

Folder 6 Sub-order Cirrhitoidei, Family Cirrhitidae

Box 7 of 8

Folder 7 Sub-order Cirrhitoidei, Family Chironemidae

Box 7 of 8

Folder 8 Sub-order Cirrhitoidei, Family Cheilodactylidae

Box 7 of 8

Folder 9 Sub-order Cirrhitoidei, Family Aplodactylidae

Box 7 of 8

Folders 10-11 Order Cataphracti, Family Scorpaenidae

Box 7 of 8

Folders 12-13 Order Cataphracti, Family Scorpaenidae

Box 7 of 8

Folder 14 Order Cataphracti, Family Synanceidae

Box 7 of 8

Folder 15 Order Cataphracti, Family Caracanthidae

Box 7 of 8

Folder 16 Order Cataphracti, Family Aploactidae

Box 7 of 8

Folder 17 Order Cataphracti, Family Platycephalidae

Box 7 of 8

Folder 18 Order Cataphracti, Family Bembradidae

Box 7 of 8

Folder 19 Order Cataphracti, Family Oplichthyidae

Box 7 of 8

Folder 20 Order Cataphracti, Family Triglidae

Box 7 of 8

Folder 21 Order Cataphracti, Family Cephalacanthidae

Box 7 of 8

Folder 22 Order Cataphracti, Family Peristediidae

Box 7 of 8

Manuscript of Part 12, entitled The Fishes of the Families Rhyacichthyidae, Eleotridae, Gobiidae, Periophthalmidae, Gobioididae, Echeneiidae and Callionymidae collected by the United States Bureau of Fisheries Steamer "Albatross." chiefly in Philippine Seas and adjacent waters. (Boxes 7-8)

Folder 23 Introduction to Part 12

Box 7 of 8

Folder 24 Order Gobioidea, Family Rhycichthyidae

Box 7 of 8

Folders 25-27 Order Gobioidea, Family Eleotridae

Box 7 of 8

Folder 28 Order Gobioidea, Family Gobiidae

Box 7 of 8

Box 8

Folders 1-6 Order Gobioidea, Family Gobiidae

Box 8 of 8

Folder 7 Order Gobioidea, Family Periophthalmidae

Box 8 of 8

Folder 8 Order Gobioidea, Family Gobioididae

Box 8 of 8

Folder 9 Order Discocephali, Family Echeneiidae

Box 8 of 8

Folder 10 Order Discocephali, Family Callionymidae

Box 8 of 8

Folder 11 Unnumbered pages from Part 12

Box 8 of 8

Folder 12 Unidentified notes on fishes

Box 8 of 8