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Finding Aids to Personal Papers and Special Collections in the Smithsonian Institution Archives

Record Unit 7165

International Whaling Commission

International Whaling Conference and International Whaling Commission, Records, 1930-1968

Repository: Smithsonian Institution Archives, Washington, D.C. Contact us at osiaref@si.edu.
Creator: International Whaling Commission
Title: International Whaling Conference and International Whaling Commission, Records
Dates: 1930-1968
Quantity: 14 cu. ft. (28 document boxes)
Collection: Record Unit 7165
Language of Materials: English
Summary:

These records are the files of Kellogg which he accumulated in connection with his duties relating to the regulation of whaling. Previously, Kellogg had been the United States delegate to the Berlin conference of experts on whaling matters held under the auspices of the League of Nations in 1930. Kellogg later was named the State Department representative to the 1937 International Conference on Whaling held in London. In 1946 Kellogg chaired the Washington Conference which formulated the International Convention providing for the establishment of the International Whaling Commission. From 1947 to 1967, Kellogg served as United States Commissioner on the IWC. From 1952 to 1954 he also served as Chairperson. Kellogg was succeeded as U. S. Commissioner by John Laurence McHugh.

These records document the participation of A. Remington Kellogg in various international whaling conferences, 1930-1946, as well as his participation in the IWC meetings, 1947-1967. Also included are reports on the IWC meetings made to the Secretary of State; copies of treaties; whaling statistics and reports; and correspondence relative to each meeting of the IWC.

Historical Note

The International Whaling Commission (IWC) was established in accordance with the International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling which was signed December 2, 1946, and which entered into force November 10, 1948. Signatories for the United States included A. Remington Kellogg, Ira N. Gabrielson, and William E. A. Flory. Previously, Kellogg had been the U. S. delegate to the Berlin conference of experts on whaling matters held under the auspices of the League of Nations in 1930. Kellogg was later named the State Department representative to the 1937 International Conference on Whaling held in London. In 1946 Kellogg chaired the Washington Conference which formulated the International Whaling Commission. For twenty years (1947-1967) Kellogg served as United States Commissioner on the IWC. From 1952-1954 he also served as chairperson. Kellogg was succeeded as U. S. Commissioner by J. L. McHugh who served from 1967 to 1973.

The IWC, permanently based in London, has fifteen member nations. It is the responsibility of the IWC, as conditions warrant, to amend the provisions of the Schedule annexed to the 1946 Convention, which are, in effect, the regulations governing the conduct of whaling by the contracting governments. Regulations adopted as an integral part of the 1946 Convention included a prohibition on the commercial taking of gray whales and all right whales, as well as an established catch quota for the Antarctic. Catch of humpback whales was prohibited in the Antarctic starting in 1963/1964 and catch of blue whales was prohibited in 1964/1965.

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Introduction

This finding aid was digitized with funds generously provided by the Smithsonian Institution Women's Committee.

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Descriptive Entry

These records document the participation of A. Remington Kellogg in various international whaling conferences (1930-1946), as well as his participation in the IWC meetings (1947-1967). Also included are reports on the IWC meetings made to the Secretary of State; copies of treaties, whaling statistics, and reports; and correspondence relative to each meeting of the IWC.

See also Record Unit 7170, the Remington Kellogg Papers, for further information.

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This collection is indexed under the following access terms. These are links to collections with related topics, persons or places.

Name

Subject

Physical Characteristics of Materials in the Collection

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Preferred Citation

Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7165, International Whaling Conference and International Whaling Commission, Records

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Container List

Series 1

INTERNATIONAL WHALING CONFERENCES RECORDS, 1876-1953. ARRANGED CHRONOLOGICALLY.

Box 1

Folder 1 Whaling Companies, ca. 1934-1938

Box 1 of 28

Folder 2 Whaling "Factory Ships," ca. 1935-1945

Box 1 of 28

Folder 3 Whaling "Factory Ships:" descriptions, 1937

Box 1 of 28

Folder 4 Miscellaneous Whaling Correspondence, 1936-1938

Box 1 of 28

Folders 5-7 Laws, Treaties, etc. relating to marine mammals, ca. 1929-1941

Box 1 of 28

Box 2

Folders 1-3 Laws, Treaties, etc. relating to marine mammals, ca. 1934-1944

Box 2 of 28

Folder 4 Congressional Record, 1932-1937; Federal Register, 1936

Box 2 of 28

Folders 5-6 Whaling Statistical Data, ca. 1876-1938

Box 2 of 28

Box 3

Folders 1-3 Whaling Statistical Data, ca. 1921-1938

Box 3 of 28

Folder 4 Berlin-Whaling Conference under auspices of League of Nations, 1930-1931

Box 3 of 28

Folders 5-6 London-International Whaling Conference, 1937

Box 3 of 28

Box 4

Folders 1-2 London-International Whaling Conference, 1937

Box 4 of 28

Folder 3 London-International Whaling Conference, 1937. Contains "Agreement for the Regulation of the Industry of Whaling."

Box 4 of 28

Folder 4 London-International Whaling Conference, 1937. Material (issued to delegates) in connection with the International Whaling Conference.

Box 4 of 28

Folders 5-6 Oslo-Preliminary Whaling Conference, 1938

Box 4 of 28

Box 5

Folder 1 London-International Whaling Conference, 1938. Material (issued to delegates) in connection with the International Whaling Conference; Guidelines for U. S. delegates from Cordell Hull (Secretary of State); Report of delegates to Secretary of State.

Box 5 of 28

Folder 2 London-International Whaling Conference, 1938. U. S. delegation correspondence.

Box 5 of 28

Folders 3-4 London-International Whaling Conference, 1938

Box 5 of 28

Folder 5 London-International Whaling Conference, 1939. Material (issued to delegates) in connection with the International Whaling Conference.

Box 5 of 28

Box 6

Folder 1 London-International Whaling Conference, 1939. Report of Proceedings as Finally Agreed.

Box 6 of 28

Folder 2 London-International Whaling Conference, 1939. Includes International Whaling Agreement.

Box 6 of 28

Folder 3 Japanese Whaling Charts Showing Antarctic Whaling Grounds, 1935-1941

Box 6 of 28

Folder 4 U. S. Coast Guard, 1937-1940. Correspondence and Statistics re: Whaling.

Box 6 of 28

Folder 5 U. S. Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service, 1937-1943. Correspondence re: Whaling and issuance of Whaling Licenses.

Box 6 of 28

Box 7

Folders 1-4 U. S. Department of State, ca. 1930-1945. Correspondence and documents.

Box 7 of 28

Folder 5 U. S. Department of the Navy, Office of Naval Intelligence, 1938. Correspondence re: Japanese factory ships.

Box 7 of 28

Folder 6 London-International Whaling Conference, 1944. Includes second amended version of International Whaling Agreement of 1937.

Box 7 of 28

Folder 7 London-International Whaling Conference, 1945. Includes International Overfishing Conference, 1946.

Box 7 of 28

Box 8

Folder 1 London-International Whaling Conference, 1945

Box 8 of 28

Folder 2 London-International Whaling Conference, 1945. Material (issued to delegates) in connection with 1945 Conference.

Box 8 of 28

Folder 3 Washington-Informal Inter-Agency Committee on the Regulation of Whaling (IICRW), ca. July 1946-October 1946 - Minutes

Box 8 of 28

Folder 4 Washington-IICRW, ca. July 1946-October 1946 - Papers

Box 8 of 28

Folder 5 Washington-Informal Inter-Agency Committee on the Regulation of Whaling (IICRW), July 1946-October 1946 - Papers

Box 8 of 28

Folder 6 Washington-International Whaling Conference, 1946. Kellogg's information statistics and notes - Includes IICRW material.

Box 8 of 28

Box 9

Folder 1 Washington-International Whaling Conference, 1946. Kellogg's information, statistics and notes - Includes IIWRC material; suggestions for revisions of Whaling agreements.

Box 9 of 28

Folder 2 Washington-International Whaling Conference, 1946. Kellogg's information, notes and correspondence - Includes instructions to delegates from Acting Secretary of State Acheson.

Box 9 of 28

Folder 3 Washington-International Whaling Conference, 1946. Statistical material submitted by the Norwegian Delegation.

Box 9 of 28

Folder 4 Washington-International Whaling Conference, 1946. Conference Proceedings.

Box 9 of 28

Folder 5 Washington-International Whaling Conference, 1946. Conference Documents #1-45.

Box 9 of 28

Box 10

Folder 1 Washington-International Whaling Conference, 1946. Conference Documents #46-65.

Box 10 of 28

Folder 2 Washington-International Whaling Conference, 1946. Conference Documents with Kellogg's annotations.

Box 10 of 28

Folder 3 Washington-International Whaling Conference, 1946. Administrative Documents.

Box 10 of 28

Folder 5 Washington-International Whaling Conference, 1946. Reports to Secretary of State from American Embassies abroad (1943-1948).

Box 10 of 28

Box 11

Folder 1 U. S. Department of State and Foreign Service Dispatches, ca. 1945-1951

Box 11 of 28

Folder 2 Material pertaining to the 1946 International Whaling Conference; 1946 International Convention for Regulation of Whaling; and Protocol & Supplementary Protocol for the Regulation of Whaling, 1946-1947

Box 11 of 28

Folder 3 Reports from Central Liaison Office (Tokyo) to General Headquarters of Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers - Whaling in the Antarctic, 1946-1947

Box 11 of 28

Folder 4 Australian Observer's Report, 1946-1947. Includes Statistical Summary of Japanese Factory Ship, Hashidate Maru.

Box 11 of 28

Folder 5 International Statistics of Whaling (Norway), Correspondence, 1947-1948

Box 11 of 28

Folder 6 Birger Bergersen Correspondence, 1947-1953 (Ambassador from Norway to Sweden)

Box 11 of 28

Folder 7 Commonwealth of Australia, Japanese Antarctic Whaling Operations, 1948-1949

Box 11 of 28

Folder 8 Senate Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce, 1949. Includes S.2080 (a Bill to give effect to the International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling); Kellogg's notes and statistics, ca. 1900-1950.

Box 11 of 28

Series 2

INTERNATIONAL WHALING COMMISSION MEETINGS, 1949-1966. ARRANGED CHRONOLOGICALLY.

Box 12

Folder 1 London-First International Whaling Commission Meeting, 1949. Conference documents; Kellogg's prepatory notes.

Box 12 of 28

Folder 2 London-First International Whaling Commission Meeting, 1949. Numbered Conference documents.

Box 12 of 28

Folder 3 London-First International Whaling Commission Meeting, 1949. Reports of Plenary Sessions.

Box 12 of 28

Folder 4 London-First International Whaling Commission Meeting, 1949. Proceedings of Scientific and Technical Committee.

Box 12 of 28

Folder 5 London-First International Whaling Commission Meeting, 1949. Statistical Material Submitted by the Norwegian Delegation.

Box 12 of 28

Folder 6 Oslo-Second International Whaling Commission Meeting, 1950. Committee reports, notes, correspondence, clippings, conference documents, etc.

Box 12 of 28

Box 13

Folder 1 Oslo-Second International Whaling Commission Meeting, 1950. Numbered Conference documents, #l-#15.

Box 13 of 28

Folder 2 Oslo-Second International Whaling Commission Meeting, 1950. Statistical Material Submitted by the Bureau of International Whaling Statistics.

Box 13 of 28

Folder 3 Cape Town-Third International Whaling Commission Meeting, 1951. Preparatory notes, correspondence, statistics, etc.

Box 13 of 28

Folder 4 Cape Town-Third International Whaling Commission Meeting, 1951. Correspondence, clippings, proceedings, statistics, draft of U. S. Commissioner's report to Secretary of State, etc.

Box 13 of 28

Folder 5 Cape Town-Third International Whaling Commission Meeting, 1951. Numbered conference documents.

Box 13 of 28

Folder 6 Cape Town-Third International Whaling Commission Meeting, 1951. Proceedings and documents with Kellogg's annotations.

Box 13 of 28

Folder 7 Cape Town-Third International Whaling Commission Meeting, 1951. Statistical material submitted by the Bureau of International Whaling Statistics.

Box 13 of 28

Box 14

Folder 1 London-Fourth International Whaling Commission Meeting, 1952. Instructions, proceedings, correspondence, notes, etc., ca. 1950-1952.

Box 14 of 28

Folder 2 London-Fourth International Whaling Commission Meeting, 1952. Conference documents with Kellogg's annotations.

Box 14 of 28

Folder 3 London-Fourth International Whaling Commission Meeting, 1952. Statistical material submitted by the Bureau of International Whaling Statistics.

Box 14 of 28

Folder 4 International Whaling Commission: Sub-committee on Humpbacks - "Australian Humpback Whales 1952," compiled by the Division of Fisheries, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, February 1953

Box 14 of 28

Folder 5 Norway, Bureau of International Whaling Statistics, February 1953. Antarctic Whaling Statistics for 1937-1952.

Box 14 of 28

Box 15

Folder 1 London-Fifth International Whaling Commission Meeting, 1953. Instructions, preparatory material, notes, correspondence, clippings.

Box 15 of 28

Folder 2 London-Fifth International Whaling Commission Meeting, 1953. Conference documents.

Box 15 of 28

Folder 3 London-Fifth International Whaling Commission Meeting, 1953. Conference documents with revisions.

Box 15 of 28

Folders 4-5 London-Fifth International Whaling Commission Meeting, 1953. Statistical material submitted by the Bureau of International Whaling Statistics.

Box 15 of 28

Folder 6 Tokyo-Sixth International Whaling Commission Meeting, 1954. Correspondence, reports, clippings, preparatory material, photographs, etc.

Box 15 of 28

Folder 7 Tokyo-Sixth International Whaling Commission Meeting, 1954. Conference documents.

Box 15 of 28

Box 16

Folders 1-3 Tokyo-Sixth International Whaling Commission Meeting, 1954. Statistical material submitted by the Bureau of International Whaling Statistics.

Box 16 of 28

Folder 4 Moscow-Seventh International Whaling Commission Meeting, 1955. Preparatory material, correspondence, proceedings, Kellogg's notes on sessions, etc.

Box 16 of 28

Folder 5 Moscow-Seventh International Whaling Commission Meeting, 1955. Numbered conference documents, #1-20.

Box 16 of 28

Folder 6 Moscow-Seventh International Whaling Commission Meeting, 1955. Numbered conference documents, #21-22.

Box 16 of 28

Box 17

Folders 1-2 Moscow-Seventh International Whaling Commission Meeting, 1955. Unnumbered documents.

Box 17 of 28

Folder 3 Moscow-Seventh International Whaling Commission Meeting, 1955. Statistical material submitted by the Bureau of International Whaling Statistics.

Box 17 of 28

Folder 4 London-Eighth International Whaling Commission Meeting, 1956. Preparatory material, correspondence, documents, notes, etc.

Box 17 of 28

Folder 5 London-Eighth International Whaling Commission Meeting, 1956. Numbered conference documents, #1-19.

Box 17 of 28

Folder 6 London-Eighth International Whaling Commission Meeting, 1956. Numbered conference documents, #11-14.

Box 17 of 28

Box 18

Folder 1 London-Eighth International Whaling Commission Meeting, 1956. Statistical material submitted by the Bureau of International Whaling Statistics.

Box 18 of 28

Folder 2 London-Ninth International Whaling Commission Meeting, 1957. Documents, preparatory material, correspondence, reports, notes.

Box 18 of 28

Folder 3 London-Ninth International Whaling Commission Meeting, 1957. Numbered conference documents, #1-11.

Box 18 of 28

Folder 4 London-Ninth International Whaling Commission Meeting, 1957. Numbered conference documents, #12-16.

Box 18 of 28

Folder 5 London-Ninth International Whaling Commission Meeting, 1957. "Synopsis of Data on Whales" by Horacio Rosa, Jr., Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (Rome, June 1957).

Box 18 of 28

Folder 6 London-Ninth International Whaling Commission Meeting, 1957. Statistical material submitted by the Bureau of International Whaling Statistics.

Box 18 of 28

Folder 7 The Hague-Tenth International Whaling Commission Meeting, 1958. Preparatory material, unnumbered documents, notes on sessions, photo of commissioners, correspondence, etc.

Box 18 of 28

Box 19

Folder 1 The Hague-Tenth International Whaling Commission Meeting, 1958. Numbered conference documents, #1-14.

Box 19 of 28

Folder 2 The Hague-Tenth International Whaling Commission Meeting, 1958. Statistical material submitted by the Bureau of International Whaling Statistics.

Box 19 of 28

Folder 3 London-Eleventh International Whaling Commission Meeting, 1959. Preparatory material, unnumbered documents, reports, etc.

Box 19 of 28

Folders 4-5 London-Eleventh International Whaling Commission Meeting, 1959. Numbered conference documents, #1-14.

Box 19 of 28

Folder 6 London-Eleventh International Whaling Commission Meeting, 1959. Statistical material submitted by the Bureau of International Whaling Statistics.

Box 19 of 28

Folder 7 London-Twelfth International Whaling Commission Meeting, 1960. Unnumbered conference documents, correspondence, notes, etc.

Box 19 of 28

Box 20

Folders 1-2 London-Twelfth International Whaling Commission Meeting, 1960. Numbered conference documents, #1-18.

Box 20 of 28

Folder 3 London-Twelfth International Whaling Commission Meeting, 1960. Statistical material submitted by the Bureau of International Whaling Statistics.

Box 20 of 28

Folder 4 London-Thirteenth International Whaling Commission Meeting, 1961. Unnumbered documents, drafts of agenda, draft of report to Secretary of State, Ad Hoc Scientific committee reports, etc.

Box 20 of 28

Folder 5 London-Thirteenth International Whaling Commission Meeting, 1961. Numbered conference documents, #1-22.

Box 20 of 28

Folder 6 London-Thirteenth International Whaling Commission Meeting, 1961. Statistical material submitted by the Bureau of International Whaling Statistics.

Box 20 of 28

Folder 7 London-Fourteenth International Whaling Commission Meeting, 1962. Preparatory material, reports, drafts, notes, correspondence, etc.

Box 20 of 28

Box 21

Folder 1 London-Fourteenth International Whaling Commission Meeting, 1962. Numbered conference documents, #1-14.

Box 21 of 28

Folder 2 London-Fourteenth International Whaling Commission Meeting, 1962. Statistical material submitted by the Bureau of International Whaling Statistics.

Box 21 of 28

Folders 3-4 London-Fifteenth International Whaling Commission Meeting, 1963. Numbered conference documents, #1-22.

Box 21 of 28

Folder 5 London-Fifteenth International Whaling Commission Meeting, 1963. Statistical material submitted by the Bureau of International Whaling Statistics.

Box 21 of 28

Folder 6 Sandefjord-Sixteenth International Whaling Commission Meeting, 1964. Numbered conference documents, #1-14.

Box 21 of 28

Box 22

Folder 1 Sandefjord-Sixteenth International Whaling Commission Meeting, 1964. Numbered conference documents, #15-21.

Box 22 of 28

Folder 2 Sandefjord-Sixteenth International Whaling Commission Meeting, 1964. Statistical material submitted by the Bureau of International Whaling Statistics.

Box 22 of 28

Folder 3 London-Special Meeting of the International Whaling Commission, May 1965. Numbered conference documents, reports, correspondence, etc.

Box 22 of 28

Folder 4 London-Seventeenth International Whaling Commission Meeting, 1965. Numbered conference documents (incomplete).

Box 22 of 28

Folders 5-6 London-Eighteenth International Whaling Commission Meeting, 1966. Numbered conference documents, #1-18.

Box 22 of 28

Series 3

INTERNATIONAL WHALING COMMISSION CORRESPONDENCE, 1949-1968. ARRANGED CHRONOLOGICALLY.

Box 22

Folder 7 First International Whaling Commission Meeting (London) 1949. Material, ca. 1945-1955.

Box 22 of 28

Box 23

Folders 1-2 Second International Whaling Commission Meeting (Oslo) 1950. Material, ca. 1949-1951.

Box 23 of 28

Folder 3 Third International Whaling Commission Meeting (Cape Town) 1951. Material, ca. 1950-1952.

Box 23 of 28

Folder 4 Fourth International Whaling Commission Meeting (London) 1952. Material, ca. 1951-1953.

Box 23 of 28

Folders 5-6 Fifth International Whaling Commission Meeting (London) 1953. Material, ca. 1952-1954.

Box 23 of 28

Box 24

Folder 1 Sixth International Whaling Commission Meeting (Tokyo) 1954. Material, ca. 1953-1955.

Box 24 of 28

Folders 2-4 Seventh International Whaling Commission Meeting (Moscow) 1955. Material, ca. 1953-1955.

Box 24 of 28

Folders 5-7 Eighth International Whaling Commission Meeting (London) 1956. Material, ca. 1955-1957.

Box 24 of 28

Box 25

Folder 1 Ninth International Whaling Commission Meeting (London) 1957. Material, ca. 1956-1958.

Box 25 of 28

Folder 2 Tenth International Whaling Commission Meeting (The Hague) 1958. Material, ca. 1957-1959.

Box 25 of 28

Folders 3-5 Eleventh International Whaling Commission Meeting (London) 1959. Material, ca. 1957-1960.

Box 25 of 28

Box 26

Folders 1-2 Twelfth International Whaling Commission Meeting (London) 1960. Material, ca. 1959-1960.

Box 26 of 28

Folder 3 Thirteenth International Whaling Commission Meeting (London) 1961. Material, ca. 1960-1961.

Box 26 of 28

Folders 4-6 Fourteenth International Whaling Commission Meeting (London) 1962. Material, ca. 1960-1962.

Box 26 of 28

Box 27

Folder 1 Fifteenth International Whaling Commission Meeting (London) 1963. Material, ca. 1962-1964.

Box 27 of 28

Folders 2-4 Sixteenth International Whaling Commission Meeting (Sandefjord) 1964. Material, ca. 1963-1965.

Box 27 of 28

Folder 5 Special Meeting and Seventeenth International Whaling Commission Meeting (London) 1965. Material, ca. 1965-1966.

Box 27 of 28

Folders 6-7 Eighteenth International Whaling Commission Meeting (London) 1966. Material, ca. 1965-1966.

Box 27 of 28

Box 28

Folders 1-2 Nineteenth International Whaling Commission Meeting (London) 1967. Material, ca. 1966-1967.

Box 28 of 28

Folder 3 Twentieth International Whaling Commission Meeting (Tokyo) 1968. Material, ca. 1968.

Box 28 of 28

Series 4

REPORTS TO THE SECRETARY OF STATE BY THE U. S. COMMISSIONER TO THE INTERNATIONAL WHALING COMMISSION, 1949-1968. ARRANGED CHRONOLOGICALLY.

Box 28

Folders 4-6 Reports for Meetings #1-20, 1949-1968

Box 28 of 28