Finding Aids to Personal Papers and Special Collections in the Smithsonian Institution Archives
Record Unit 7067
Cooper, J. G. (James Graham), 1830-1902
James Graham Cooper Papers, 1853-1870 and undated
Born and educated in New York City, James G. Cooper (1830-1902) was a naturalist and physician with Isaac Stevens' Pacific Railroad Survey expedition of 1853. One of the first to collect specimens in the Pacific Coast regions, he became an expert on the geological, biological, and zoological aspects of that area. He published material on the natural history of California and Oregon and wrote a chapter on zoology for Natural Wealth of California, edited by T. F. Cronise. After traveling extensively, he practiced medicine and lived in California until his death in 1902. The Cooper Ornithological Society was named in his honor.
This finding aid was digitized with funds generously provided by the Smithsonian Institution Women's Committee.
These papers consist of journals and manuscripts containing Cooper's descriptions of his travels in Oregon and Washington territories, California, and his homeward trip through Panama, and as far north as Cape Hatteras. Included are observations made while he was a part of the Isaac Stevens survey. The journals and manuscripts contain descriptions of geological features, weather observations, and technical notes on the plant and animal life of the area. Also included are specimen lists, maps, and sketches of his route while on the Stevens survey.
This collection is indexed under the following access terms. These are links to collections with related topics, persons or places.
- Cooper, J. G. (James Graham), 1830-1902
- Stevens, Isaac I.
- Cronise, Titus Fey
- Pacific Railroad Survey, 1851-1853
- Cooper Ornithological Society
Physical Characteristics of Materials in the Collection
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7067, James Graham Cooper Papers