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Finding Aids to Official Records of the Smithsonian Institution Archives

Record Unit 387

Smithsonian Environmental Research Center. Radiocarbon Dating Laboratory

Records, 1962-1986

Repository: Smithsonian Institution Archives, Washington, D.C. Contact us at osiaref@si.edu.
Creator: Smithsonian Environmental Research Center. Radiocarbon Dating Laboratory
Title: Records
Dates: 1962-1986
Quantity: 13 cu. ft. (13 record storage boxes)
Collection: Record Unit 387
Language of Materials: English
Summary:

These records document the operation of the Carbon-Dating Laboratory during its twenty-four year history. They include logbooks containing raw data on samples analyzed; incoming and outgoing correspondence of Sigalove, Long, and Stuckenrath with Smithsonian and outside scientists concerning the analysis of samples submitted for dating; information on dates provided by the Laboratory which were published in the journal Radiocarbon; and miscellaneous laboratory and record books.

Historical Note

A Carbon-Dating Laboratory was established in the Division of Radiation and Organisms, Astrophysical Observatory, in September 1962. The function of the Laboratory was to analyze samples of archaeological and geological interest submitted by Smithsonian and outside researchers. The Laboratory also conducted basic research in the techniques of dating by the use of the carbon-14 method. Joel J. Sigalove, a geochemist, directed the Laboratory during its first year of operations. Austin Long was appointed Geochemist in 1963 and given charge of the carbon-dating work. Long resigned in 1968, and was replaced by Robert Stuckenrath, who directed the Laboratory with the title of Anthropologist. Stuckenrath remained in the position until carbon-dating work ceased when the Rockville laboratory of the Smithsonian Environmental Research Center closed in November 1986.

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Descriptive Entry

These records document the operation of the Carbon-Dating Laboratory during its twenty-four year history. They include logbooks containing raw data on samples analyzed; incoming and outgoing correspondence of Sigalove, Long, and Stuckenrath with Smithsonian and outside scientists concerning the analysis of samples submitted for dating; information on dates provided by the Laboratory which were published in the journal Radiocarbon; and miscellaneous laboratory and record books.

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This collection is indexed under the following access terms. These are links to collections with related topics, persons or places.

Name

Subject

Physical Characteristics of Materials in the Collection

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Preferred Citation

Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 387, Smithsonian Environmental Research Center, Radiocarbon Dating Laboratory, Records

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Container List

Box 1

Sample Logs - Counter 2

Book 1, October 1970 - May 1971

Box 1 of 13

Book 2, May 1971 - December 1971

Box 1 of 13

Book 3, December 1971 - August 1972

Box 1 of 13

Book 4, August 1972 - February 1973

Box 1 of 13

Book 5, February 1973 - August 1973

Box 1 of 13

Book 6, August 1973 - March 1974

Box 1 of 13

Book 7, March 1974 - December 1974

Box 1 of 13

Book 8, December 1974 - June 1975

Box 1 of 13

Book 9, June 1975 - December 1975

Box 1 of 13

Book 10, January 1976 - July 1976

Box 1 of 13

Book 11, September 1976 - February 1977

Box 1 of 13

Book 12, February 1977 - February 1979

Box 1 of 13

Book 13, February 1979 - February 1980

Box 1 of 13

Book 14, February 1980 - November 1980

Box 1 of 13

Book 15, November 1980 - July 1981

Box 1 of 13

Book 16, July 1981 - March 1982

Box 1 of 13

Book 17, March 1982 - December 1982

Box 1 of 13

Book 18, December 1982 - August 1983

Box 1 of 13

Book 19, August 1983 - April 1984

Box 1 of 13

Book 20, April 1984 - November 1984

Box 1 of 13

Book 21, November 1984 - November 1985

Box 1 of 13

Oxalic Acid Runs - Counter 2

Book 1, October 1970 - November 1972

Box 1 of 13

Book 2, November 1972 - February 1977

Box 1 of 13

Book 3, February 1977 - October 1981

Box 1 of 13

Box 2

Backgrounds - Counter 2

Book 1, October 1970 - September 1972

Box 2 of 13

Book 2, September 1972 - June 1975

Box 2 of 13

Book 3, June 1976 - September 1978

Box 2 of 13

Book 4, September 1978 - April 1981

Box 2 of 13

Sample Runs - Counter 3

Book 1, May 1971 - January 1972

Box 2 of 13

Book 2, January 1972 - August 1972

Box 2 of 13

Sample Logs - Counter 3

Book 3, August 1972 - February 1973

Box 2 of 13

Book 4, February 1973 - August 1973

Box 2 of 13

Book 5, August 1973 - January 1974

Box 2 of 13

Book 6, January 1974 - July 1974

Box 2 of 13

Book 7, August 1974 - March 1975

Box 2 of 13

Book 8, March 1975 - August 1975

Box 2 of 13

Book 9, August 1975 - January 1976

Box 2 of 13

Book 10, January 1976 - May 1976

Box 2 of 13

Book 11, May 1976 - November 1976

Box 2 of 13

Book 12, November 1976 - May 1977

Box 2 of 13

Book 13, May 1977 - October 1977

Box 2 of 13

Box 3

Sample Logs - Counter 3

Book 14, October 1977 - April 1978

Box 3 of 13

Book 15, April 1978 - August 1978

Box 3 of 13

Book 16, September 1978 - April 1979

Box 3 of 13

Book 17, April 1979 - November 1979

Box 3 of 13

Book 18, November 1979 - June 1980

Box 3 of 13

Book 19, June 1980 - December 1980

Box 3 of 13

Book 20, December 1980 - June 1981

Box 3 of 13

Book 21, June 1981 - December 1981

Box 3 of 13

Book 22, December 1981 - August 1982

Box 3 of 13

Book 23, August 1982 - April 1983

Box 3 of 13

Book 24, April 1983 - December 1983

Box 3 of 13

Book 24, December 1983 - September 1984

Box 3 of 13

Book 25, September 1984 - September 1985

Box 3 of 13

Oxalic Acid Runs - Counter 3

Book 1, May 1971 - May 1974

Box 3 of 13

Book 2, May 1974 - July 1978

Box 3 of 13

Backgrounds - Counter 3

Book 1, May 1971 - November 1973

Box 3 of 13

Book 2, November 1973 - January 1977

Box 3 of 13

Book 3, January 1977 - November 1979

Box 3 of 13

Book 4, November 1979 - July 1982

Box 3 of 13

Box 4

Sample Logs - Counter 1

Book 1, October 1970 - April 1971

Box 4 of 13

Book 2, April 1971 - December 1971

Box 4 of 13

Book 3, December 1971 - August 1972

Box 4 of 13

Book 4, August 1972 - February 1973

Box 4 of 13

Book 5, February 1973 - August 1973

Box 4 of 13

Book 6, August 1973 - February 1974

Box 4 of 13

Book 7, February 1974 - December 1974

Box 4 of 13

Book 8, December 1974 - June 1975

Box 4 of 13

Book 9, June 1975 - January 1976

Box 4 of 13

Book 10, January 1976 - July 1976

Box 4 of 13

Book 11, July 1976 - February 1977

Box 4 of 13

Book 12, February 1977 - February 1978

Box 4 of 13

Book 13, February 1978 - September 1978

Box 4 of 13

Book 14, September 1978 - May 1979

Box 4 of 13

Book 15, May 1979 - June 1980

Box 4 of 13

Book 16, June 1980 - February 1981

Box 4 of 13

Book 17, February 1981 - October 1981

Box 4 of 13

Book 18, October 1981 - May 1982

Box 4 of 13

Book 19, May 1982 - February 1983

Box 4 of 13

Book 20, March 1983 - October 1983

Box 4 of 13

Box 5

Sample Logs - Counter 1

Book 21, October 1983 - June 1984

Box 5 of 13

Book 22, June 1984 - February 1985

Box 5 of 13

Book 23, February 1985 - February 1986

Box 5 of 13

Oxalic Acid Runs - Counter 1

Book 1, October 1970 - November 1972

Box 5 of 13

Book 2, November 1972 - May 1977

Box 5 of 13

Book 3, May 1977 - March 1981

Box 5 of 13

Backgrounds - Counter 1

Book 1, October 1970 - July 1972

Box 5 of 13

Book 2, July 1972 - May 1975

Box 5 of 13

Book 3, May 1975 - April 1978

Box 5 of 13

Book 4, April 1978 - August 1980

Box 5 of 13

Sample Runs - Counter 4

Book 1, September 1971 - September 1978

Box 5 of 13

Book 2, September 1978 - May 1979

Box 5 of 13

Book 3, May 1979 - February 1980

Box 5 of 13

Book 4, February 1980 - January 1981

Box 5 of 13

Book 5, January 1981 - October 1981

Box 5 of 13

Book 6, October 1981 - July 1982

Box 5 of 13

Book 7, July 1982 - March 1983

Box 5 of 13

Book 8, March 1983 - November 1983

Box 5 of 13

Book 9, November 1983 - July 1984

Box 5 of 13

Book 10, July 1984 - March 1985

Box 5 of 13

Book 11, March 1985 - February 1986

Box 5 of 13

Box 6

Oxalic Acid Runs - Counter 4

Book 1, June 1971 - May 1980

Box 6 of 13

Book 2, May 1980 - June 1983

Box 6 of 13

Backgrounds - Counter 4

Book 1, June 1971 - April 1978

Box 6 of 13

Book 2, April 1978 - October 1980

Box 6 of 13

Sample Runs - Counter 5

Book 1, March 1977 - September 1980

Box 6 of 13

Book 2, September 1980 - March 1985

Box 6 of 13

Oxalic Acid - Counter 5

Book 1, March 1977 - April 1981

Box 6 of 13

Backgrounds - Counter 5

Book 1, March 1977 - January 1980

Box 6 of 13

Miscellaneous record books. Includes lab notes and records of equipment.

Box 6 of 13

Box 7

Published SI-dates. Apparently a record of carbon-dating performed for SI scientists that was eventually used in publication, #12 -1106. One card file box. Published C-14 dates. Arranged by country

Africa

Box 7 of 13

Arabia

Box 7 of 13

Argentina

Box 7 of 13

Bahama Islands

Box 7 of 13

Brazil (2 folders)

Box 7 of 13

Canada

Box 7 of 13

China

Box 7 of 13

Colombia

Box 7 of 13

Costa Rica

Box 7 of 13

Cuba

Box 7 of 13

Ecuador

Box 7 of 13

England

Box 7 of 13

Guatemala

Box 7 of 13

Honduras

Box 7 of 13

Iran

Box 7 of 13

Ireland

Box 7 of 13

Israel

Box 7 of 13

Japan

Box 7 of 13

Labrador

Box 7 of 13

Mallurga

Box 7 of 13

Box 8

Mediterranean

Box 8 of 13

Mexico

Box 8 of 13

New Brunswick

Box 8 of 13

Pacific

Box 8 of 13

Panama

Box 8 of 13

Peru

Box 8 of 13

Poland

Box 8 of 13

Venezuela

Box 8 of 13

Yukon

Box 8 of 13

U.S. - Alabama

Box 8 of 13

U.S. - Alaska (4 folders)

Box 8 of 13

U.S. - Arizona

Box 8 of 13

U.S. - California

Box 8 of 13

U.S. - Colorado

Box 8 of 13

U.S. - District of Columbia

Box 8 of 13

U.S. - Florida

Box 8 of 13

U.S. - Georgia

Box 8 of 13

U.S. - Iowa

Box 8 of 13

U.S. - Kansas

Box 8 of 13

U.S. - Maine

Box 8 of 13

U.S. - Maryland

Box 8 of 13

U.S. - Massachusetts

Box 8 of 13

U.S. - Minnesota (2 folders)

Box 8 of 13

U.S. - Missouri

Box 8 of 13

U.S. - Montana

Box 8 of 13

U.S. - Nebraska

Box 8 of 13

U.S. - New Jersey

Box 8 of 13

U.S. - New Mexico

Box 8 of 13

U.S. - North Carolina

Box 8 of 13

U.S. - North Dakota

Box 8 of 13

U.S. - Oklahoma

Box 8 of 13

U.S. - Oregon

Box 8 of 13

U.S. - South Carolina

Box 8 of 13

U.S. - South Dakota

Box 8 of 13

U.S. - Tennessee

Box 8 of 13

U.S. - Virginia

Box 8 of 13

U.S. - Washington

Box 8 of 13

U.S. - Wyoming

Box 8 of 13

Correspondence

Ackerman, Robert E.

Box 8 of 13

Adey, Walter H.

Box 8 of 13

Ager, Thomas

Box 8 of 13

Aikens, C. Melvin

Box 8 of 13

Anderson, Douglas D.

Box 8 of 13

Anderson, R. Scott

Box 8 of 13

Box 9

Andrews, John T. (2 folders)

Box 9 of 13

Angel, J. Lawrence

Box 9 of 13

Bastian, Tyler

Box 9 of 13

Behrensmeyer, A. K.

Box 9 of 13

Bloom, Arthur G.

Box 9 of 13

Bourque, Bruce

Box 9 of 13

Bradley, Raymond S.

Box 9 of 13

Bryan, Alan L.

Box 9 of 13

Butzer, Karl W.

Box 9 of 13

Byers, Douglas S.

Box 9 of 13

Cadwell, Donald H.

Box 9 of 13

Clark, Gerald H.

Box 9 of 13

Clarke, A. H.

Box 9 of 13

Collins, Henry B.

Box 9 of 13

Connally, G. Gordon

Box 9 of 13

Cook, John P.

Box 9 of 13

Correll, David L.

Box 9 of 13

Craft, Jesse L.

Box 9 of 13

Crowl, George

Box 9 of 13

David, Nicholas

Box 9 of 13

Davis, Stanley D.

Box 9 of 13

Deevey, Edward S.

Box 9 of 13

Dumond, Don E.

Box 9 of 13

England, John

Box 9 of 13

Evans, Clifford/Meggars, Betty (2 folders)

Box 9 of 13

Box 10

Evans, Clifford/Meggars, Betty (3 folders)

Box 10 of 13

Faulkner, Charles H.

Box 10 of 13

Ferguson, C. W.

Box 10 of 13

Ferring, C. R.

Box 10 of 13

Fitzhugh, William W. (3 folders)

Box 10 of 13

Fry, Gary F.

Box 10 of 13

Fudali, R. F.

Box 10 of 13

Gardner, William M.

Box 10 of 13

Gibson, Gordon D.

Box 10 of 13

Glynn, Peter W.

Box 10 of 13

Hamilton, Thomas D.

Box 10 of 13

Harp, Elmer, Jr.

Box 10 of 13

Holliday, Vance T.

Box 10 of 13

Irving, W. N.

Box 10 of 13

Irwin-Williams, Cynthia

Box 10 of 13

Jennings, Jesse D.

Box 10 of 13

Box 11

Karlen, Wibjorn

Box 11 of 13

Knez, E. I.

Box 11 of 13

Ladd, Harry S.

Box 11 of 13

Laughlin, William S.

Box 11 of 13

Lewis, Douglas

Box 11 of 13

Linares, Olga

Box 11 of 13

Livingstone, Daniel A.

Box 11 of 13

Lovis, William A.

Box 11 of 13

Lynch, Thomas F.

Box 11 of 13

MacIntyre, Ian G. (2 folders)

Box 11 of 13

Madsen, David B.

Box 11 of 13

Manis Mastodon Project

Box 11 of 13

Mayer-Oakes, William J.

Box 11 of 13

McCartney, Allen P.

Box 11 of 13

McPherron, Alan

Box 11 of 13

Mead, James G.

Box 11 of 13

Meggars, Betty (2 folders; see also under Clifford Evans)

Box 11 of 13

Melson, William

Box 11 of 13

Mielke, James E.

Box 11 of 13

Nichols, Harvey

Box 11 of 13

Norton, Stephen A.

Box 11 of 13

Olson, Storrs L.

Box 11 of 13

Ortner, Donald J.

Box 11 of 13

Pewe, Troy L.

Box 11 of 13

Phebus, George

Box 11 of 13

Pierce, J. W.

Box 11 of 13

Box 12

Powers, William R.

Box 12 of 13

Ranere, Anthony J.

Box 12 of 13

Ray, Clayton E.

Box 12 of 13

Rhode River (MD)

Box 12 of 13

Richards, Horace G.

Box 12 of 13

Rosewater, Joseph

Box 12 of 13

Schnitker, Detmar

Box 12 of 13

Simkin, Thomas E.

Box 12 of 13

Sirkin, L. A.

Box 12 of 13

Smith, Bruce D. (2 folders)

Box 12 of 13

Smith, Philip

Box 12 of 13

Snow, Dean R.

Box 12 of 13

Stanford, Dennis (2 folders)

Box 12 of 13

Stanley, Daniel J. (2 folders)

Box 12 of 13

Thomas, David H.

Box 12 of 13

Trousdale, William

Box 12 of 13

Tuck, James

Box 12 of 13

Turner, Christy G., II

Box 12 of 13

Ubelaker, Douglas H.

Box 12 of 13

Wailes, Bernard (2 folders)

Box 12 of 13

Watson, Patty Jo

Box 12 of 13

Box 13

Wedel, Waldo R.

Box 13 of 13

West, Frederick H.

Box 13 of 13

Wheat, Joe Ben

Box 13 of 13

Whitehead, Donald R.

Box 13 of 13

Wilke, Steve

Box 13 of 13

Winter, John

Box 13 of 13

Wright, Herbert E.

Box 13 of 13

Yellen, John

Box 13 of 13

Young, T. Cuyler, Jr.

Box 13 of 13

Miscellaneous loose correspondence

Box 13 of 13