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Finding Aids to Records of Professional Societies in the Smithsonian Institution Archives

Record Unit 275

Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars. Office of the Director

Records, 1969-1979 and undated

Repository: Smithsonian Institution Archives, Washington, D.C. Contact us at osiaref@si.edu.
Creator: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars. Office of the Director
Title: Records
Dates: 1969-1979 and undated
Quantity: 12.5 cu. ft. (25 document boxes)
Collection: Record Unit 275
Language of Materials: English
Summary:

This record unit consists mostly of files maintained by Benjamin H. Read and James H. Billington during their service as Directors of WWICS. A few records were created by Albert Meisel as Acting Director of WWICS. The records document the early history of WWICS and concern fundraising; recruitment of fellows and scholars; the development of WWICS programs; conferences and symposia sponsored by WWICS; and national and international affairs. The record unit includes general correspondence, 1969-1975; outgoing correspondence, 1970-1979; program files, including records dealing with WWICS programs in International Affairs, Environmental Studies, Ocean Studies, and State and Local Government; and voluminous files regarding the WWICS Sustainable Growth Program.

Historical Note

The Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars (WWICS) was established by Act of Congress on 24 October 1968 to be a "living memorial expressing the ideals and concerns of Woodrow Wilson ... symbolizing and strengthening the fruitful relations between the world of learning and the world of public affairs." The Center was placed within the Smithsonian Institution under the independent administration of a fifteen member Board of Trustees appointed by the President, eight chosen from private life and seven from public positions. Chairmen of the Board of Trustees have included Hubert H. Humphrey, 1969-1972; William J. Baroody, Sr., 1972-1979; and Max M. Kampelman, 1980- . Funding of the Center was derived from both private support and public appropriation. The Center began operations on 19 October 1970, with the opening of its fellowship and guest scholar programs.

Benjamin H. Read was appointed Acting Director of WWICS in March 1969. His title was changed to Director in September 1969, a position which he retained until February 1973. Albert Meisel (Deputy Director of WWICS since 1970) served as Acting Director from February until September 1973, when James H. Billington was appointed Director.

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Descriptive Entry

This record unit consists mostly of files maintained by Benjamin H. Read and James H. Billington during their service as directors of WWICS. A small amount of records were created by Albert Meisel as Acting Director of WWICS. The records document the early history of WWICS and concern fund raising; recruitment of fellows and scholars; the development of WWICS programs; conferences and symposia sponsored by WWICS; and national and international affairs. The record unit includes general correspondence, 1969-1975; outgoing correspondence, 1970-1979; program files, including records dealing with WWICS programs in International Affairs, Environmental Studies, Ocean Studies, and State and Local Government; and voluminous files regarding the WWICS Sustainable Growth Program.

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This collection is indexed under the following access terms. These are links to collections with related topics, persons or places.

Name

Subject

Physical Characteristics of Materials in the Collection

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Preferred Citation

Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 275, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars. Office of the Director, Records

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Container List

Series 1

GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE, 1969-1975. ARRANGED ALPHABETICALLY.

This series consists of incoming and outgoing correspondence maintained primarily by directors Benjamin H. Read, 1969-1973, and James H. Billington, 1973- . A small amount of correspondence was created by Albert Meisel during his tenure as Acting Director, February-September 1973. The correspondence concerns the initial operations of WWICS and documents fund raising activities; the recruitment of fellows and scholars; the development of WWICS programs; conferences and symposia presented at WWICS; and national and international affairs. Correspondents include Board of Trustees members, scholars, government officials, diplomats, and business leaders.

Box 1

Folder 1 Abel - Ayres

Box 1 of 25

Folder 2 Bacon - Baumann

Box 1 of 25

Folder 3 Beach - Bevan

Box 1 of 25

Folder 4 Bible - Boyd

Box 1 of 25

Folder 5 Braciszewski - Butterfield

Box 1 of 25

Box 2

Folder 1 Cadwalder - Church of the Good Shepherd

Box 2 of 25

Folder 2 Clark - Coles

Box 2 of 25

Folder 3 Coling - Cutler

Box 2 of 25

Folder 4 Dahl - Davydov

Box 2 of 25

Folder 5 Deane - Dyer

Box 2 of 25

Folder 6 Eagle - Evans

Box 2 of 25

Folder 7 Farrar - Fowler

Box 2 of 25

Folder 8 Frain - Funari

Box 2 of 25

Box 3

Folder 1 Galler - Gay

Box 3 of 25

Folder 2 Gemmell - Gourevitch

Box 3 of 25

Folder 3 Grant - Guyett

Box 3 of 25

Folder 4 Haar - Hazlett

Box 3 of 25

Folder 5 Head - Hively

Box 3 of 25

Folder 6 Hogan - Hyman

Box 3 of 25

Folder 7 Jackson - Jones

Box 3 of 25

Folder 8 Kaczmarek - Klosson

Box 3 of 25

Box 4

Folder 1 Knachel - Kytle

Box 4 of 25

Folder 2 LaGodna - Livingston

Box 4 of 25

Folder 3 Llados - Lynn

Box 4 of 25

Folder 4 MacAlister - Mazrui

Box 4 of 25

Folder 5 McBride - McVay

Box 4 of 25

Folder 6 Mead - Mladek

Box 4 of 25

Box 5

Folder 1 Mohammed - Moynihan

Box 5 of 25

Folder 2 Muirhead - Myers

Box 5 of 25

Folder 3 Nader - Noyes

Box 5 of 25

Folder 4 O'Brien - Owens

Box 5 of 25

Folder 5 Paine - Plaza

Box 5 of 25

Folder 6 Poats - Quinlan

Box 5 of 25

Folder 7 Rabin - Rhoads

Box 5 of 25

Folder 8 Rice - Ritterbush

Box 5 of 25

Box 6

Folder 1 Roach - Roth

Box 6 of 25

Folder 2 Rubin - Ryan

Box 6 of 25

Folder 3 Sabin - Scoville

Box 6 of 25

Folder 4 Seabury - Sisco

Box 6 of 25

Folder 5 Skidmore - Sowell

Box 6 of 25

Folder 6 Spallinger - Szczepanski

Box 6 of 25

Folder 7 Tabor - Thorpe

Box 6 of 25

Folder 8 Tobias - Trani

Box 6 of 25

Folder 9 Travel. Benjamin H. Read and Albert Meisel, 1971-1973

Box 6 of 25

Folder 10 Trimble - Tyulina

Box 6 of 25

Box 7

Folder 1 Udall - Vosburgh

Box 7 of 25

Folder 2 Wahl - Watts

Box 7 of 25

Folder 3 Webb - Whiteker

Box 7 of 25

Folder 4 Widner - Winters

Box 7 of 25

Folder 5 Wolf - Wright

Box 7 of 25

Folder 6 Yates - Zuckerman

Box 7 of 25

Series 2

OUTGOING CORRESPONDENCE, 1970-1979. ARRANGED CHRONOLOGICALLY.

This series consists of a chronologic file of outgoing correspondence maintained by the Office of the Director, WWICS, 1970-1979. Also included are copies of outgoing letters written by Hubert H. Humphrey in his capacity as Chairman of the Board of Trustees. Some of the correspondence duplicates outgoing letters found in Series 1.

Box 7

Folders 7-12 Outgoing correspondence, January - June 1970

Box 7 of 25

Box 8

Folders 1-9 Outgoing correspondence, July 1970 - December 1971

Box 8 of 25

Box 9

Folders 1-7 Outgoing correspondence, January 1972 - February 1973

Box 9 of 25

Box 10

Folders 1-6 Outgoing correspondence, March 1973 - April 1974

Box 10 of 25

Box 11

Folders 1-6 Outgoing correspondence, May 1974 - April 1975

Box 11 of 25

Box 12

Folders 1-6 Outgoing correspondence, May 1975 - April 1976

Box 12 of 25

Box 13

Folders 1-7 Outgoing correspondence, May 1976 - June 1977

Box 13 of 25

Box 14

Folders 1-6 Outgoing correspondence, July 1977 - June 1978

Box 14 of 25

Box 15

Folders 1-5 Outgoing correspondence, July 1978 - April 1979

Box 15 of 25

Box 16

Folders 1-4 Outgoing correspondence, May - December 1979

Box 16 of 25

Series 3

PROGRAM FILES, 1969-1977 AND UNDATED. ARRANGED ALPHABETICALLY.

This series consists of materials documenting programs of study conducted at WWICS. They include the Federalism 1976 Program; the International Affairs Advisory Group; the Ocean Studies Program; the Resources, Environment, and Interdependence Division; and the State and Local Government Program. Also included are files concerning the WWICS environmental bibliography, The Human Environment.

Box 16

Folder 5 "Areas of Special Emphasis, A Brief History," January 1973. A paper describing the programs of WWICS

Box 16 of 25

Folder 6 Environment related studies at WWICS, 1970-1972

Box 16 of 25

Folder 7 Federalism 1976, 1971

Box 16 of 25

Folders 8-9 The Human Environment (Environmental Bibliography), 1971-1973

Box 16 of 25

Box 17

Folder 1 International Affairs Advisory Group, 1971-1972

Box 17 of 25

Folders 2-3 Ocean Studies Program: Correspondence and Memoranda, 1969-1974

Box 17 of 25

Folder 4 Ocean Studies Program: Advisory Committee on the Law of the Sea, 1972

Box 17 of 25

Folder 5 Ocean Studies Program: Coordinator selection, 1972

Box 17 of 25

Folder 6 Ocean Studies Program: Germany trip, 1972

Box 17 of 25

Folder 7 Ocean Studies Program: Mobil Oil Company trip, December 1971

Box 17 of 25

Folder 8 Ocean Studies Program: Miscellaneous and undated

Box 17 of 25

Box 18

Folder 1 Resources, Environment, and Interdependence Division, 1975-1976

Box 18 of 25

Folders 2-4 State and Local Government Program, 1973-1975

Box 18 of 25

Box 19

Folders 1-2 State and Local Government Program, 1976-1977 and undated

Box 19 of 25

Series 4

SUSTAINABLE GROWTH PROGRAM FILES, 1972-1976. ARRANGED ALPHABETICALLY.

The Sustainable Growth Program was initiated in May 1972 when the WWICS Board of Trustees approved a plan to sponsor selective studies of certain aspects of achieving sustainable growth in key areas of human activities, both national and international. On April 1, 1972, Chester L. Cooper assumed a fellowship appointment at WWICS to coordinate the program. Lincoln Gordon, a Program fellow since 1972, succeeded Cooper as Coordinator in January 1974. In May 1974 the Board of Trustees determined that future growth studies would be part of the newly established Resources, Environment, and Interdependence Division (see series 3).

This series documents the operation and activities of the Sustainable Growth Program and consists of files maintained by directors Read and Billington, as well as records kept by Chester L. Cooper and Lincoln Gordon in their service as Program Coordinator. The records include correspondence and memoranda, proposals, reports, manuscripts and related materials concerning program funding; seminars and conferences; Growth in America, a volume of essays produced by WWICS; the Ditchley Growth Conferences, 1974-1975; the Wingspread Conferences, 1973-1974; and Program fellows.

Box 19

Folder 3 Academy for Contemporary Problems, 1972

Box 19 of 25

Folder 4 Agency for International Development, 1973

Box 19 of 25

Folder 5 Barney House Meeting, 7 February 1973

Box 19 of 25

Folder 6 Billington, James H. Correspondence and memoranda between Billington, Chester L. Cooper and Lincoln Gordon concerning the Growth Project, 1973-1974

Box 19 of 25

Folder 7 Book on Growth Project, 1972-1974

Box 19 of 25

Folder 8 Business Executives Conference, January 1973

Box 19 of 25

Folder 9 Business International Corporation, 1972

Box 19 of 25

Folder 10 Conference Board meeting on Essential Resources, 16 April 1973

Box 19 of 25

Folder 11 Congressional Hearing Dinner, 30 April 1973

Box 19 of 25

Folder 12 Council on Environmental Quality, 1972

Box 19 of 25

Folder 13 Council on Foreign Relations, 1972-1974

Box 19 of 25

Box 20

Folder 1 Ditchley Foundation, general, 1972-1976

Box 20 of 25

Folder 2 Ditchley Energy Conference, September 1973

Box 20 of 25

Folder 3 Ditchley Growth Conference I, January 1974

Box 20 of 25

Folder 4 Ditchley Growth Conference II, June 1974

Box 20 of 25

Folder 5 Ditchley Growth Conference III, June 1975

Box 20 of 25

Box 21

Folder 1 Ditchley Growth Conference III, June 1975

Box 21 of 25

Folder 2 Energy Policy Project, 1972-1973

Box 21 of 25

Folder 3 Environmental Protection Agency, 1973-1975

Box 21 of 25

Folder 4 European Trip, Chester L. Cooper and Lincoln Gordon, January 1973

Box 21 of 25

Folder 5 Fellows, 1972-1974

Box 21 of 25

Folder 6 Ford Foundation, 1973-1974

Box 21 of 25

Folder 7 Funding prospects, 1972-1973

Box 21 of 25

Folder 8 General correspondence, 1972-1974

Box 21 of 25

Folder 9 Government Officials Forum, 20 November 1972

Box 21 of 25

Folder 10 Government Officials Forum, 10 May 1973

Box 21 of 25

Folder 11 Government Officials Forum, 5 June 1973

Box 21 of 25

Box 22

Folder 1 Government Officials Forum, 30 July 1973

Box 22 of 25

Folders 2-3 Growth in America. Essays, 1975

Box 22 of 25

Folder 4 Growth Project Evaluation, 1974

Box 22 of 25

Folder 5 Growth Seminar, October 10-11, 1972

Box 22 of 25

Folder 6 Growth Seminar, October 30-31, 1972

Box 22 of 25

Folder 7 Growth Seminar, December 4-5, 1972

Box 22 of 25

Folder 8 Growth Seminar, January 29-30, 1973

Box 22 of 25

Folder 9 Growth Seminar, March 5-6, 1973

Box 22 of 25

Box 23

Folder 1 Growth Seminar, April 10-11, 1973

Box 23 of 25

Folder 2 Growth Seminar, 20 September 1973

Box 23 of 25

Folder 3 Growth Seminar, 1 May 1974

Box 23 of 25

Folder 4 Hearings on Science, Technology and the Economy: Testimony of Chester L. Cooper before the House Subcommittee on Science, Research and Development, February 1974

Box 23 of 25

Folder 5 Institute for Global Dynamics, 1972

Box 23 of 25

Folder 6 The Johnson Foundation, 1972-1975

Box 23 of 25

Folder 7 "Limits to Growth" Conference, 2 March 1972

Box 23 of 25

Folder 8 "Living with the Atom" Conference, 18 June 1973

Box 23 of 25

Folder 9 Meadows, Dennis, 1972

Box 23 of 25

Folder 10 Mesarovic-Pestel "Alternative World Model System," 1974

Box 23 of 25

Folder 11 National Commission on Materials Policy, 1972

Box 23 of 25

Folder 12 National Science Foundation: Project reviews, 1973

Box 23 of 25

Folder 13 Office of Science and Technology, 1972

Box 23 of 25

Folder 14 Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, 1972-1974

Box 23 of 25

Folder 15 Organization and plans, 1972-1973

Box 23 of 25

Box 24

Folder 1 Other research centers, 1972-1973

Box 24 of 25

Folders 2-3 Outgoing correspondence, April 1973-December 1974

Box 24 of 25

Folder 4 Progress reports, 1972-1973

Box 24 of 25

Folder 5 Project associates, 1972-1974

Box 24 of 25

Folder 6 Proposed Population Conference, 1972

Box 24 of 25

Folder 7 Reading file, 1972-1973

Box 24 of 25

Folder 8 Research task ideas, 1972

Box 24 of 25

Box 25

Folder 1 Standard Oil Company: WWICS proposal for funding of Growth Project, 1972

Box 25 of 25

Folder 2 Symposium on Growth as a Value in American Culture, June 1973

Box 25 of 25

Folder 3 Union Nationale des Industries Agricoles, 1973

Box 25 of 25

Folder 4 United Nations Institute for Training and Research, 1972-1973

Box 25 of 25

Folder 5 University of Sussex, 1972-1974

Box 25 of 25

Folders 6-7 Wingspread Conference, October 1973

Box 25 of 25

Folder 8 Wingspread Conference, October 1974

Box 25 of 25

Folder 9 World Dynamics, 1972

Box 25 of 25

Folder 10 Xerox Corporation: WWICS proposal for funding of Growth Project, 1972

Box 25 of 25