Reference Request

* required
Please succinctly provide us with any information pertinent to your inquiry. If you are writing to us about a research request, provide as much detail as possible about the collections in which you are interested (including collection numbers, box numbers, and folder titles).
(if known)

The Smithsonian Institution Archives is using Constant Contact, a third-party contact management software vendor, to manage contacts and send eNewsletters. Please be advised that Constant Contact's Privacy Statement and Terms and Conditions apply to your use of these services. The Smithsonian Institution Archives has access to your name and email address which is subject to our privacy statement.

Finding Aids to Official Records of the Smithsonian Institution Archives

Record Unit 273

Oceanography and Limnology Program (Smithsonian Institution)

Records, 1962-1974, with related records to 1977

Repository: Smithsonian Institution Archives, Washington, D.C. Contact us at osiaref@si.edu.
Creator: Oceanography and Limnology Program (Smithsonian Institution)
Title: Records
Dates: 1962-1974, with related records to 1977
Quantity: 26.58 cu. ft. (26 record storage boxes) (1 tall document box)
Collection: Record Unit 273
Language of Materials: English
Summary:

This record unit consists primarily of records documenting the scientific activities of OLP, 1970-1974, and its predecessors, the Assistant Director for Oceanography, NMNH, 1962-1966, and the Office of Oceanography and Limnology, 1966-1970. The records consist of incoming and outgoing correspondence, proposals, reports, fiscal materials, publications, photographs, and research data. They include an organizational file documenting OLP relations with oceanographic institutions, commissions, government agencies, and colleges and universities; a file concerning international activities and projects of OLP; a subject file, primarily concerning oceanographic matters; records providing comprehensive documentation of the nine-year history of MMSC; and files concerning projects conducted at Skadar Lake, Yugoslavia, and Nam Ngum, Laos.

Historical Note

The history of the Oceanography and Limnology Program can be traced to 1962 when Irvin Eugene Wallen was appointed Assistant Director for Oceanography in the National Museum of Natural History (NMNH). Duties of the Assistant Director for Oceanography included aiding NMNH scientists in marine research; maintaining liaison with scientists and ocean-going vessels for collecting biological materials; representing the Smithsonian Institution on committees and councils concerned with oceanography; and developing and operating a sorting center for marine biological and geological materials. The Smithsonian Oceanographic Sorting Center (SOSC) was established in 1962, under the administrative control of the Assistant Director for Oceanography. In 1966, the position of Assistant Director for Oceanography was abolished, and its duties were assumed by the newly created Office of Oceanography and Limnology. The Office, with Wallen as Head, reported to the Assistant Secretary for Science and was administratively responsible for the SOSC and the Mediterranean Marine Sorting Center (MMSC), which was established in September 1966. As a result of a reorganization in the Smithsonian's environmental programs, the Office of Environmental Sciences (OES) was established in October 1969. At that time, the Office of Oceanography and Limnology became the Oceanography and Limnology Program (OLP) of OES. In October 1973, OES was merged with the Office of International Activities to create the Office of International and Environmental Programs (OIEP). OLP became an administrative unit of the newly created OIEP. OLP was abolished in June 1974. At that time, Smithsonian environmental programs were merged to form the International Environmental Sciences Program (IESP) of OIEP. IESP and OIEP were terminated in 1975.

Staff of OLP and its predecessors, the Assistant Director for Oceanography, NMNH and the Office of Oceanography and Limnology included Wallen, Assistant Director for Oceanography, NMNH, 1962-1966, Head, Office of Oceanography and Limnology, 1966-1969; William Aron, Deputy Head, 1967-1969, Director, 1969-1971; Robert P. Higgins, Oceanographer, 1968-1969, Director, 1971-1974 (from 1970 to 1971, Higgins served as Director of MMSC); Dail W. Brown, Oceanographer, 1970-1972; David K. Young, Deputy Director, 1972-1974; and Catherine J. Kerby, Estuarine Biologist, 1973, Deputy Director, 1974.

Top of Page

Descriptive Entry

This record unit consists primarily of records documenting the scientific activities of OLP, 1970-1974, and its predecessors - the Assistant Director for Oceanography, NMNH, 1962-1966, and the Office of Oceanography and Limnology, 1966-1970. The records were mostly created by Wallen, Aron, and Higgins, with smaller amounts of material documenting the activities of other staff members. Records post-dating the termination of OLP in June 1974 are those of Higgins and Catherine J. Kerby, created while staff members of IESP and the SOSC, and usually concern projects or activities initiated by OLP. The records consist of incoming and outgoing correspondence; proposals; reports; fiscal materials; publications; photographs; and research data. They include an organizational file documenting OLP relations with oceanographic institutions, commissions, government agencies, and colleges and universities; a file concerning international activities and projects of OLP; a subject file, primarily concerning oceanographic matters; records providing comprehensive documentation of the nine-year history of MMSC; and files concerning projects conducted at Skadar Lake, Yugoslavia and Nam Ngum, Loas.

Top of Page

Preferred Citation

Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 273, Oceanography and Limnology Program (Smithsonian Institution), Records

Top of Page

Container List

Series 1

Organizational File, 1962-1977. Arranged alphabetically.

This series consists of incoming and outgoing correspondence, reports, manuscripts, research data, and publications documenting OLP relations with oceanographic institutions, government agencies, Smithsonian offices and bureaus, and colleges and universities. It also includes voluminous files concerning OLP participation on international oceanographic commissions and intergovernmental committees on oceanography and marine biology. Projects conducted or supported by OLP and documented in the records include the OLP-Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Biota of Freshwater Ecosystems Project; OLP projects conducted for the Army Corps of Engineers; and OLP projects supported by the Smithsonian Currency Program (see also series 2). Files postdating the termination of OLP in June 1974 were created by Robert P. Higgins and Catherine J. Kerby in their capacity as staff members of the International Environmental Science Program (IESP) and the Smithsonian Oceanographic Sorting Center (SOSC).

Box 1

Agency for International Development (AID), 1970-1973

Box 1 of 27

American Sailing Education Association, 1971-1974

Box 1 of 27

United States Army Corps of Engineers, Coastal Engineering Research Center. General correspondence, 1966-1974. (6 folders)

Box 1 of 27

United States Army Corps of Engineers, Coastal Engineering Research Center. "Effects of Waste Disposal in the New York Bight," 1970-1972. Report prepared by the Smithsonian Advisory Committee of the OLP. (2 folders)

Box 1 of 27

United States Army Corps of Engineers, Coastal Engineering Research Center. "Review of Technical Report H-72, Disposal of Dredge Soil, U. S. Army Engineer Waterways Experimental Station," 1972. Report prepared by the Smithsonian Advisory Committee of the OLP.

Box 1 of 27

Baltic Marine Biologists, 1972-1973

Box 1 of 27

Belmont Conference Center, 1972-1973

Box 1 of 27

Box 2

Biospherics, Inc., 1972-1973

Box 2 of 27

Bureau of Commercial Fisheries, 1962-1970

Box 2 of 27

Center for Short-Lived Phenomena, 1974

Box 2 of 27

Chesapeake Bay Biological Research Planning Conference, 1970 (2 folders)

Box 2 of 27

Chesapeake Bay Biological Research Planning Conference, 1970. Transcripts. (2 folders)

Box 2 of 27

Chesapeake Bay Biological Research Planning Conference, 1970-1971

Box 2 of 27

Chesapeake Biological Laboratory, 1968-1971

Box 2 of 27

Comparative Investigations of Tropical Reef Ecosystems (CITRE), 1970-1973 (2 folders)

Box 2 of 27

Cooperative Investigations in the Mediterranean (CIM), 1970-1971 (2 folders)

Box 2 of 27

Box 3

Cooperative Investigations in the Mediterranean (CIM), 1972-1977 (3 folders)

Box 3 of 27

Cooperative Investigations of the Caribbean and Adjacent Regions (CICAR), 1967-1974

Box 3 of 27

Cooperative Investigations of the Northern Part of the Eastern Central Atlantic (CINECA), 1970-1974

Box 3 of 27

Cornell University, 1965-1971

Box 3 of 27

Duke University, 1963-1971

Box 3 of 27

Engineering Committee on Oceanic Resources (ECOR), 1970-1971

Box 3 of 27

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), general, 1971-1974

Box 3 of 27

EPA. "Biota of Freshwater Ecosystems," Harley P. Brown, 1967-1972

Box 3 of 27

EPA. "Biota of Freshwater Ecosystems," John B. Burch, 1970-1972

Box 3 of 27

EPA. "Biota of Freshwater Ecosystems," William P. Coffman, 1971-1972

Box 3 of 27

EPA. "Biota of Freshwater Ecosystems," Roger F. Cressey, Jr., 1970-1971

Box 3 of 27

EPA. "Biota of Freshwater Ecosystems," John M. and Virginia R. Ferris, 1972-1973

Box 3 of 27

EPA. "Biota of Freshwater Ecosystems," Nancy Foster, 1971

Box 3 of 27

EPA. "Biota of Freshwater Ecosystems," Horton H. Hobbs, Jr., 1970-1971

Box 3 of 27

EPA. "Biota of Freshwater Ecosystems," John R. Holsinger, 1969-1972

Box 3 of 27

Box 4

EPA. "Biota of Freshwater Ecosystems," Roman Kenk, 1969-1971

Box 4 of 27

EPA. "Biota of Freshwater Ecosystems," William D. Williams, 1969-1972

Box 4 of 27

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), 1968-1974

Box 4 of 27

Global Atmospheric Research Programme (GARP), 1970-1974

Box 4 of 27

GARP. Atlantic Tropical Experiment (GATE), 1972-1974

Box 4 of 27

Global Investigations of Pollution in the Marine Environment (GIPME), 1971-1975 (2 folders)

Box 4 of 27

Interagency Committee for Marine Environmental Prediction (ICMAREP), general, 1972-1976 (7 folders)

Box 4 of 27

Box 5

ICMAREP. Integrated Global Ocean Station System (IGOSS), 1970-1975 (2 folders)

Box 5 of 27

Interagency Committee for Marine Environmental Prediction (ICMAREP). Subcommittee on Marine Baselines and Monitoring, 1971-1974 (5 folders)

Box 5 of 27

Interagency Committee for Marine Environmental Prediction (ICMAREP). Federal Plan for Environmental Data Buoys, 1972-1975

Box 5 of 27

ICMAREP. Trans-Alaska Pipeline System, 1972-1973

Box 5 of 27

Interagency Committee on Marine Sciences and Engineering (ICMSE), general, 1970-September 1972 (3 folders)

Box 5 of 27

Box 6

Interagency Committee on Marine Sciences and Engineering (ICMSE), general, October 1972-1975 (5 folders)

Box 6 of 27

Interagency Committee on Marine Sciences and Engineering (ICMSE). Ad Hoc Group on Definitions and Classification of Oceanographic Programs, 1971-1972

Box 6 of 27

ICMSE. Center for Naval Analysis, 1974

Box 6 of 27

ICMSE. Committee on Marine Environmental Quality, 1971-1972

Box 6 of 27

ICMSE. Federal Ocean Program, 1973-1975 (3 folders)

Box 6 of 27

ICMSE. Instrumentation, 1973-1975

Box 6 of 27

ICMSE. Program Review, 1972

Box 6 of 27

ICMSE. Select Committee for the National Ocean Policy Study, 1974

Box 6 of 27

ICMSE. Subcommittee on Coastal Zone Research and Engineering, 1971-1974

Box 6 of 27

Box 7

ICMSE. Subcommittee on Marine Pollution Abatement and Control (MARPAC), 1975

Box 7 of 27

ICMSE. Subcommittee on Ships, 1972-1974

Box 7 of 27

Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC), 1970-1972

Box 7 of 27

Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC), 1973-1974 (2 folders)

Box 7 of 27

International Biological Program, general, 1963-1972 (2 folders)

Box 7 of 27

International Biological Program, reports and publications, 1963-1968 (2 folders)

Box 7 of 27

International Commission for the Scientific Exploration of the Mediterranean, 1966-1970 (2 folders)

Box 7 of 27

Box 8

International Commission for the Scientific Exploration of the Mediterranean, 1971-1973

Box 8 of 27

International Council for the Exploration of the Seas (ICES), 1965-1974

Box 8 of 27

International Decade of Ocean Exploration (IDOE), 1968-1973

Box 8 of 27

International Field Year for the Great Lakes, 1969-1971 (2 folders)

Box 8 of 27

International Hydrological Decade, 1968-1970

Box 8 of 27

International Union of Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, 1968-1972

Box 8 of 27

Law of the Sea Institute, 1969-1973

Box 8 of 27

Marine Resource, Monitoring, Assessment, and Prediction Program (MARMAP), 1973-1974

Box 8 of 27

Marine Technology Society, 1966-1973

Box 8 of 27

Mediterranean Association for Marine Biology and Oceanography (MAMBO), 1965-1968

Box 8 of 27

Michigan State University, 1970-1972

Box 8 of 27

Mote Marine Laboratory, 1966-1970

Box 8 of 27

National Academy of Sciences, 1969-1971

Box 8 of 27

National Advisory Committee on Oceans and Atmosphere (NACOA), 1972-1974 (2 folders)

Box 8 of 27

National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), 1963-1970

Box 8 of 27

Box 9

National Aquarium, 1963-1970

Box 9 of 27

National Council on Marine Resources and Engineering Development (NCMRED), 1967-1970

Box 9 of 27

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). Environmental Data Service, 1972

Box 9 of 27

NOAA-MESA New York Bight Study, 1972

Box 9 of 27

National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), 1971-1974

Box 9 of 27

National Oceanographic Instrumentation Center (NOIC), 1973-1974

Box 9 of 27

Ocean Affairs Board, 1965-1976 (2 folders)

Box 9 of 27

Panel on International Programs and International Cooperation in Ocean Affairs (PIPICO), 1971-1975

Box 9 of 27

Scientific Committee on Oceanic Research (SCOR), 1963-1974

Box 9 of 27

Scientific Committee on Oceanic Research (SCOR): Working Group #23, 1965-1973 (4 folders)

Box 9 of 27

Smithsonian Council on Environmental Sciences, 1971-1972

Box 9 of 27

Smithsonian Foreign Currency Program, general, 1968-1974

Box 9 of 27

Box 10

Smithsonian Foreign Currency Program, projects, 1966-1972 (4 folders)

Box 10 of 27

Smithsonian Priorities Conference, 1973

Box 10 of 27

Smithsonian Research Foundation, 1974

Box 10 of 27

Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (STRI), general, 1968-1974

Box 10 of 27

STRI. "T" Boat, 1970-1972

Box 10 of 27

Southern Marine Vocational Technical Institute, 1967-1969

Box 10 of 27

Technological Initiatives Program, 1971

Box 10 of 27

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), 1971-1974

Box 10 of 27

UNESCO. Man and the Biosphere (MAB): Island Ecosystem Project, 1974

Box 10 of 27

United States Coast Guard, 1963-1972

Box 10 of 27

United States Department of the Interior, 1963-1972

Box 10 of 27

United States Geological Survey, 1962-1969

Box 10 of 27

United States Navy, 1963-1973

Box 10 of 27

University of Arizona, 1965-1969

Box 10 of 27

University of California, 1962-1971

Box 10 of 27

University of Hawaii, 1962-1972

Box 10 of 27

University of Miami, 1971

Box 10 of 27

Box 11

University of Michigan, 1962-1969

Box 11 of 27

University of South Florida, 1971

Box 11 of 27

University of Southern California, 1963-1971

Box 11 of 27

University of Washington, 1962-1973

Box 11 of 27

University of Wisconsin, 1972

Box 11 of 27

Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1968-1972

Box 11 of 27

Series 2

International Oceanography Files, 1962-1974. Arranged alphabetically.

This series contains records documenting international activities of OLP. It includes incoming and outgoing correspondence between OLP staff and foreign oceanographers and marine biologists; reports and publications on oceanography programs of foreign nations; and files on projects conducted by OLP in foreign countries. Projects documented in the records include the Carangid Fishes Project conducted in Ceylon; studies of Egyptian fisheries by Carl J. George; "A Study of Biological Productivity in Tropical Lakes of South India;" "A Study of DDT and Heavy Metal in Caspian Sea Biota;" "Biota of the Red Sea and Eastern Mediterranean;" and "Biology and Productivity Studies of the Coastal Waters of Pakistan." Also included are smaller amounts of material concerning OLP participation on international committees and symposia. For other records concerning international programs of OLP see Series 1, 5 and 6. The files are arranged alphabetically by country.

Box 11

Africa, 1963-1974

Box 11 of 27

Alaska, 1965-1968

Box 11 of 27

American Samoa, 1969-1974. Includes correspondence regarding William Aron's role as Smithsonian Liaison to the Government of American Samoa, 1969-1971

Box 11 of 27

Bangladesh, 1972-1974

Box 11 of 27

Bikini Atoll, 1968-1970

Box 11 of 27

Brazil, 1962-1974

Box 11 of 27

Burma, 1971-1973

Box 11 of 27

Canada, 1967-1974

Box 11 of 27

Ceylon, general, 1965-1971

Box 11 of 27

Ceylon. Carangid Fishes Project, 1971-1974. Correspondents include William F. Smith-Vaniz and C. Richards Robbins.

Box 11 of 27

Egypt, 1965-1974. Includes correspondence with Carl J. George concerning his trip to Egypt to study changes in Mediterranean fisheries caused by construction of the Aswan Dam, 1969-1971. (3 folders)

Box 11 of 27

England, 1962-1974

Box 11 of 27

Box 12

Galapagos Islands, 1966-1970

Box 12 of 27

Germany, 1968-1974

Box 12 of 27

Greece, 1971-1973

Box 12 of 27

Guam, 1970-1972

Box 12 of 27

Hong Kong, 1964-1969

Box 12 of 27

India, general, 1970-1973. Correspondents include Wayne A. Mills, Smithsonian liaison in India. (3 folders)

Box 12 of 27

India, general, 1974

Box 12 of 27

India. "A Study of Biological Productivity in Some Tropical Lakes of South India," 1969-1974. Includes correspondence, proposals, progress reports, and financial reports on the project.

Box 12 of 27

India. Proposed Ganges River Project, 1972-1973

Box 12 of 27

Indian Ocean Biological Centre, 1963-1973

Box 12 of 27

Indonesia, 1971-1974

Box 12 of 27

Iran, general, 1969-1974 (2 folders)

Box 12 of 27

Iran. "A Study of DDT and Heavy Metal in Caspian Sea Biota," 1970-1973. Includes correspondence, project proposals, and reports.

Box 12 of 27

Israel, general, 1965-1966. Includes correspondence concerning the project "Biota of the Red Sea and Eastern Mediterranean."

Box 12 of 27

Box 13

Israel, general, 1967-1974. Includes correspondence concerning the project "Biota of the Red Sea and Eastern Mediterranean." (6 folders)

Box 13 of 27

Israel. "Biota of the Red Sea and Eastern Mediterranean." Correspondence and reports, Eugenie Clark, 1970.

Box 13 of 27

Israel. "Biota of the Red Sea and Eastern Mediterranean." Correspondence and reports, Lev Fishelson, 1968-1969

Box 13 of 27

Israel. "Biota of the Red Sea and Eastern Mediterranean." Correspondence and reports, Abraham Fleminger, 1968

Box 13 of 27

Israel. "Biota of the Red Sea and Eastern Mediterranean." Correspondence and reports, Baruch Kimor, 1967-1969

Box 13 of 27

Israel. "Biota of the Red Sea and Eastern Mediterranean." Correspondence and reports, Michael Neushul, 1968-1969

Box 13 of 27

Israel. "Biota of the Red Sea and Eastern Mediterranean." Correspondence and reports, F. D. Por, 1967-1973

Box 13 of 27

Israel. "Biota of the Red Sea and Eastern Mediterranean." Correspondence and reports, Victor G. Springer, 1969-1971

Box 13 of 27

Israel. "Biota of the Red Sea and Eastern Mediterranean." Correspondence and reports, Heinz Steinitz, 1967-1970

Box 13 of 27

Israel. "Biota of the Red Sea and Eastern Mediterranean." Correspondence and reports, Karl Milton Wilbur, 1969-1970

Box 13 of 27

Israel. "Biota of the Red Sea and Eastern Mediterranean Project." Proposals and progress reports, 1966-1972

Box 13 of 27

Israel. "Biota of the Red Sea and Eastern Mediterranean Project." Budget and financial reports, 1967-1970

Box 13 of 27

Israel. "Biota of the Red Sea and Eastern Mediterranean Project." Review Committee, 1969

Box 13 of 27

Israel. "Biota of the Red Sea and Eastern Mediterranean Project." William Aron trip reports, 1966-1971

Box 13 of 27

Israel. "Gulf of Eilat and Red Sea Fishes," 1968-1970

Box 13 of 27

Israel. "A Study of the Eilat Coral Reef," by Lawrence B. Slobodkin, 1967-1971

Box 13 of 27

Israel. Project proposals, 1968-1971

Box 13 of 27

Ivory Coast, 1970-1971

Box 13 of 27

Japan, 1962-1966

Box 13 of 27

Box 14

Japan, 1967-1974

Box 14 of 27

Japan-United States Committee on Scientific Cooperation, 1970 (2 folders)

Box 14 of 27

Japan-United States Cooperative Science Program. Conference on Research in Marine Plankton Processing, 1966.

Box 14 of 27

Johnston Atoll. "Ecological Baseline Survey of Johnston Atoll, Central Pacific Ocean," by A. Binion Amerson, Jr., 1973.

Box 14 of 27

Kenya, 1969-1973

Box 14 of 27

Korea, 1967-1973

Box 14 of 27

Kuwait, 1971-1974

Box 14 of 27

Lebanon, 1966-1973 (2 folders)

Box 14 of 27

Libya, 1971

Box 14 of 27

Malta, 1965-1973. Includes material concerning Robert P. Higgins' participation in the International Symposium on the Eastern Mediterranean, Malta, September, 1973.

Box 14 of 27

Box 15

Mexico, 1967-1973

Box 15 of 27

Monaco, 1963-1971

Box 15 of 27

Morocco, 1968-1972

Box 15 of 27

Nepal. Tiger Project, 1974

Box 15 of 27

Netherlands, 1972-1973

Box 15 of 27

Pakistan, general, 1969-1974 (3 folders)

Box 15 of 27

Pakistan. Robert P. Higgins, cancelled trip, 1973

Box 15 of 27

Pakistan. "Biology and Productivity Studies of the Coastal Waters of Pakistan." Project proposal, 1974

Box 15 of 27

Pakistan. "Biology and Productivity Studies of the Coastal Waters of Pakistan." Budget, 1974 (2 folders)

Box 15 of 27

Pakistan. Miscellaneous reports, 1972-1974 (2 folders)

Box 15 of 27

Palau (Trust Territories of the Pacific), 1967-1970

Box 15 of 27

Box 16

Panama Canal Zone, 1966, 1970

Box 16 of 27

Persian Gulf, 1972-1973

Box 16 of 27

Peru. Lake Titicaca, 1972-1974

Box 16 of 27

Philippines Sorting Center, 1967-1968

Box 16 of 27

Poland, 1967-1974

Box 16 of 27

Romania, 1967-1969

Box 16 of 27

Saudi Arabia, 1971-1972

Box 16 of 27

South America, 1967-1971

Box 16 of 27

Sudan, 1972-1974

Box 16 of 27

Suez Canal. "Mechanisms of Colonization Following Immigration through the Suez Canal," 1970-1971. Project proposal.

Box 16 of 27

Sweden, 1972-1974

Box 16 of 27

Switzerland, 1967-1974

Box 16 of 27

Taiwan, 1971-1972

Box 16 of 27

Tanzania, 1968-1971

Box 16 of 27

Thailand, 1967-1974

Box 16 of 27

Trust Territory of the Pacific, 1969

Box 16 of 27

Tunisia, general, 1967-1974 (2 folders)

Box 16 of 27

Tunisia. Lake Tunis, 1971-1973

Box 16 of 27

Turkey, 1967-1971

Box 16 of 27

Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, 1963-1974

Box 16 of 27

Venezuela, 1974

Box 16 of 27

Box 17

Vietnam, 1970-1971

Box 17 of 27

Volta Dam and Lake, 1972

Box 17 of 27

Yugoslavia, 1965-1974 (4 folders)

Box 17 of 27

Zanzibar, 1972

Box 17 of 27

Series 3

Subject File, 1963-1974. Arranged alphabetically.

This series consists of incoming and outgoing correspondence, reports, publications, and related materials mostly concerning oceanographic matters. It includes numerous records dealing with submersible research vessels. Of special interest are files concerning the Cobb Seamount and Ocean Acre Projects and trip reports of OLP staff.

Box 17

Acanthaster Project, 1970-1972

Box 17 of 27

Chesapeake Bay, 1972

Box 17 of 27

Coastal Zone Programs, 1972-1973

Box 17 of 27

Cobb Seamount Project, 1968

Box 17 of 27

Environmental Exhibits, 1971

Box 17 of 27

Excess Property, 1969-1970

Box 17 of 27

Exhibits, 1963-1973

Box 17 of 27

Great Lakes, 1971-1974

Box 17 of 27

Interoceanic Canal, 1963-1964, 1969

Box 17 of 27

Marine Preserves, 1965-1972

Box 17 of 27

Ocean Acre Project, 1967-1972

Box 17 of 27

Ocean Dumping, 1970-1974

Box 17 of 27

Oil Spills, 1969-1970

Box 17 of 27

Box 18

Pollution, 1966-1974

Box 18 of 27

Public Relations, 1971. Consists of correspondence with the general public, usually concerning oceanography or environmental questions.

Box 18 of 27

Publications, 1966-1974

Box 18 of 27

Ripley, S. Dillon. Correspondence prepared for his signature, 1972-1974

Box 18 of 27

Sahel Ecology, 1974

Box 18 of 27

Starfish, 1969-1971 (2 folders)

Box 18 of 27

Submersibles, general, 1967-1973 (2 folders)

Box 18 of 27

Submersibles. Aluminaut, 1965-1966

Box 18 of 27

Submersibles. Alvin, 1964-1968

Box 18 of 27

Submersibles. Archimede, 1969

Box 18 of 27

Submersibles. Asherah, 1965-1969

Box 18 of 27

Submersibles. Ben Franklin, 1967-1970

Box 18 of 27

Submersibles. Cubmarine, 1965-1969

Box 18 of 27

Submersibles. Deep Ocean Work Boat, 1966-1970

Box 18 of 27

Submersibles. Deep Star, 1965-1968

Box 18 of 27

Box 19

Submersibles. Diving Saucer, 1964-1966

Box 19 of 27

Submersibles. Hydro-Lab, 1968-1971

Box 19 of 27

Submersibles. Sealab, 1968-1973

Box 19 of 27

Submersibles. Sea-Link, 1969-1974

Box 19 of 27

Submersibles. Star, I & II, 1967-1968

Box 19 of 27

Submersibles. Sublimnos, 1969-1971

Box 19 of 27

Submersibles. Trieste, 1965-1968

Box 19 of 27

Trip Reports, 1971-1974 (2 folders)

Box 19 of 27

Tropical Ecosystems Research, 1973-1974 (2 folders)

Box 19 of 27

Series 4

Mediterranean Marine Sorting Center Files, 1965-1976.

The Mediterranean Marine Sorting Center (MMSC) was established in September 1966 at Salambo, Tunisia. Under the administrative control of the Office of Oceanography and Limnology (after 1970, the Oceanography and Limnology Program), MMSC received environmental data and marine biological collections from the Mediterranean area. MMSC would sort the collections and distribute data and specimens to scientists and research institutions throughout the world. Directors of MMSC included David K. Damkaer, 1966-1967; Neil C. Hulings, 1967-1969; Robert P. Higgins, 1969-1970; William P. Davis, 1970-1973; and Ernani G. Menez, 1973-1975. MMSC was terminated on 20 June 1975.

This series consists of records maintained by OLP documenting the nine-year history of MMSC. It includes general correspondence, 1965-1975, usually between the Directors of OLP and MMSC, including a large amount of material dealing with the creation of MMSC in 1966; a reading file of outgoing correspondence, 1971-1974, maintained by MMSC and submitted to OLP; financial reports, 1972-1974; files documenting the Hedia Baccar lawsuit against MMSC, 1969-1976; photographs of MMSC staff and facilities, 1967-1975; agreements between the Smithsonian and Tunisia concerning MMSC, 1966-1973; and annual and scientific reports of MMSC, 1969-1974.

Box 19

General correspondence, September 1965-December 1968. Includes correspondence documenting the creation of MMSC, 1965-1966. Correspondents include MMSC Directors, David M. Damkaer, Neil C. Hulings, and Robert P. Higgins. (6 folders)

Box 19 of 27

Box 20

General correspondence, January 1969-September 1973. Correspondents include MMSC Directors Neil C. Hulings, Robert P. Higgins, William P. Davis, and Ernani G. Menez. (13 folders)

Box 20 of 27

Box 21

General correspondence, October 1973-1975. Includes correspondence concerning the termination of MMSC. Correspondents include MMSC Director Ernani G. Menez. (4 folders)

Box 21 of 27

Reading file, 1971-1973 (10 folders)

Box 21 of 27

Box 22

Reading file, January-September 1974 (2 folders)

Box 22 of 27

Equipment transfer, 1976

Box 22 of 27

Financial reports, 1972-1974 (2 folders)

Box 22 of 27

"First Annual Conference of Marine Biological Sorting and Information Centers," May 1972

Box 22 of 27

Hedia Baccar lawsuit, 1969-1976 (2 folders)

Box 22 of 27

Photographs, 1967-1975 (4 folders)

Box 22 of 27

Proposed reorientation of MMSC, 1974

Box 22 of 27

Renewal proposal, 1973

Box 22 of 27

Annual Reports, 1969-1973

Box 22 of 27

Interim Scientific Reports, 1971-1974

Box 22 of 27

Terminal Report, undated

Box 22 of 27

Box 23

Smithsonian-Tunisian agreements, 1966-1973

Box 23 of 27

Final Report, July 1, 1975

Box 23 of 27

Series 5

"Limnological Investigations of Skadar Lake (Yugoslavia)." Project Files, 1971-1977.

Initiated in 1972, "Limnological Investigations of Skadar Lake (Yugoslavia)" was a cooperative research project conducted by the Oceanography and Limnology Program (OLP) and the Biological Institute of Titograd, Yugoslavia. The project was funded by the Smithsonian Foreign Currency Program, with Robert P. Higgins as principal American investigator. After OLP was terminated in 1974, the project continued to be administered by Higgins and Catherine J. Kerby until January 1975. The objectives of the project were to survey the physical, chemical, biological and geological composition of Skadar Lake and develop a capability for management of the lake and its drainage basin.

This series consists of records, maintained by Higgins and Kerby, documenting the operation of the project and includes general correspondence, 1971-1977; files on project personnel, 1972-1975; project proposals and progress reports, 1972-1974; fiscal records, 1972-1975; trip reports, 1973-1974; photographs, mostly of project personnel, 1973; maps; and publications concerning the project.

Box 23

General correspondence, 1971-1977 (6 folders)

Box 23 of 27

Project personnel, A-R. Consists of travel records and financial reports of personnel participating on the Skadar Lake Project. (4 folders)

Box 23 of 27

Box 24

Project personnel, S-Z. Consists of travel records and financial reports of personnel participating on the Skadar Lake Project. (2 folders)

Box 24 of 27

Project proposals, 1972-1975 (6 folders)

Box 24 of 27

Progress reports, 1972-1973 (3 folders)

Box 24 of 27

Box 25

Progress reports, 1973-1974 (6 folders)

Box 25 of 27

Budget, 1972-1975 (2 folders)

Box 25 of 27

Financial reports, 1972-1974 (3 folders)

Box 25 of 27

Yugoslav financial submissions, 1972-1974

Box 25 of 27

Project summary, June 1973

Box 25 of 27

Trip reports, 1973-1974

Box 25 of 27

American participants, 1974

Box 25 of 27

Box 26

Travel, 1974-1975

Box 26 of 27

Equipment lists, 1972-1974

Box 26 of 27

Photographs, 1973. Consists mostly of photographs of project personnel. Includes slides and negatives.

Box 26 of 27

Maps, undated

Box 26 of 27

Publications, 1973-1974 and undated

Box 26 of 27

Series 6

"Post Impoundment Assessment of the Ecological Effects of the Nam Ngum Dam and Reservoir, Laos." Project Files, 1973-1975.

In 1973, an agreement was entered into between the Smithsonian Institution and the Committee for Coordination of Investigations of the Lower Mekong Basin for an integrated study of the ecological effects of the Nam Ngum Dam and Reservoir, Laos. Robert P. Higgins served as Senior Scientist and Project Principal Investigator. Smithsonian involvement in the project continued until December 1974.

This series consists of records, maintained by Higgins, regarding Smithsonian involvement on the project. Included is general correspondence, 1973-1975; correspondence with project personnel, 1974-1975; photographs and maps; a final report on the project; a report on the vegetation of Nam Ngum by Thomas R. Soderstrom and Jules E. Vidal, 1975; and a bibliography on Nam Ngum studies, by Philip A. Unger, undated.

Box 26

General correspondence, 1973-1975 (4 folders)

Box 26 of 27

Alfred Merle Beeton, 1974

Box 26 of 27

Stephen R. Cahir, 1974

Box 26 of 27

George M. Davis, 1974

Box 26 of 27

William M. Lewis, Jr., 1974-1975

Box 26 of 27

Curt R. Schneider, 1974

Box 26 of 27

Thomas R. Soderstrom, 1974

Box 26 of 27

Philip A. Unger, 1974-1975

Box 26 of 27

Jules E. Vidal, 1974-1975

Box 26 of 27

Final report. "Post-Impoundment Assessment of the Ecological Effects of the Nam Ngum Dam and Reservoir, Laos," April 1975. Includes typed copy and manuscript. (2 folders)

Box 26 of 27

"An Ecological Study of the Vegetation of the Nam Ngum Reservoir (Laos)," by Thomas R. Soderstrom and Jules E. Vidal, February 1975. Report.

Box 26 of 27

Box 27

"An Ecological Study of the Vegetation of the Nam Ngum Reservoir (Laos)," by Thomas R. Soderstrom and Jules E. Vidal, February 1975. Photographs and figures.

Box 27 of 27

"Annotated Bibliography for Nam Ngum Reservoir Studies," by Philip A. Unger, undated.

Box 27 of 27

Photographs and maps, undated

Box 27 of 27

Reports, proposals, and agreements, 1973-1974 and undated

Box 27 of 27