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Finding Aids to Official Records of the Smithsonian Institution Archives

Record Unit 271

Smithsonian Institution. Office of Environmental Sciences

Ecology Program Records, 1965-1973

Repository: Smithsonian Institution Archives, Washington, D.C. Contact us at osiaref@si.edu.
Creator: Smithsonian Institution. Office of Environmental Sciences
Title: Ecology Program Records
Dates: 1965-1973
Quantity: 11.5 cu. ft. (23 document boxes)
Collection: Record Unit 271
Language of Materials: English
Summary:

This record unit consists of files documenting the operation of the Smithsonian Office of Ecology (SOE), 1965-1970, and its successor, the Ecology Program of the Office of Environmental Sciences (OES), 1970-1973. The records include organizational files, 1965-1973; administrative records, 1965-1973, including material on the development of the Chesapeake Bay Center for Environmental Studies and the Smithsonian Institution-Peace Corps Environmental Program; project files, 1965-1973, including records documenting projects conducted as part of the International Program in Ecology; and files of Lee Merriam Talbot, 1965-1971.

Historical Note

The history of the Ecology Program of the Office of Environmental Sciences can be traced to July 1, 1965, when the Smithsonian Office of Ecology (SOE) was created to assist in expanding the research opportunities of Smithsonian scientists and to aid in the coordination of ecological activities with other government agencies. From its creation until 1966, the SOE was an administrative unit of the National Museum of Natural History. In 1966, administrative responsibility for the SOE was transferred to the Assistant Secretary for Science. The Smithsonian's environmental sciences programs were reorganized under the Office of Environmental Sciences (OES) in 1970. At that time, the SOE became the Ecology Program of the newly created OES. In 1973, OES was merged with the Office of International Activities to form the Office of International and Environmental Programs (OIEP). The Ecology Program came under the administrative control of OIEP. The Ecology Program was abolished in 1974.

Administrators of the Ecology Program of OES and its predecessor the SOE included Helmut K. Buechner, assistant director for ecology, 1965-1966, head, 1966-1968 (he also served as senior scientist, 1968-1971); Irvin Eugene Wallen, acting head, 1969; and Dale W. Jenkins, director, 1970-1973. Other staff included Lee Merriam Talbot, research biologist, 1965-1966, field representative, Ecology and Conservation, 1966-1967, deputy head and international field representative, 1968, resident ecologist, 1969-1971, and deputy director, 1972-1973; and Francis Raymond Fosberg, special assistant for tropical biology, 1965-1966.

Programs and bureaus under the administration of the Ecology Program of OES and its predecessor the SOE included the Chesapeake Bay Center for Field Biology (after 1970 the Chesapeake Bay Center for Environmental Studies), 1965-1969; the Center for Natural Areas, 1972-1974; and the Peace Corps Environmental Program, 1972-1974.

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Descriptive Entry

This record unit consists of files documenting the operation of the Smithsonian Office of Ecology (SOE), 1965-1970, and its successor, the Ecology Program of the Office of Environmental Sciences (OES), 1970-1973. The records were created primarily by administrators Buechner, 1965-1968; Wallen, 1969; and Jenkins, 1970-1973. They include organizational files, 1965-1973; administrative records, 1965-1973, including material concerning the development of the Chesapeake Bay Center for Field Biology (after 1970, the Chesapeake Bay Center for Environmental Studies) and the Smithsonian-Peace Corps Environmental Program; project files, 1965-1973, including records documenting projects conducted as part of the International Program in Ecology; and files of Lee Merriam Talbot, 1965-1971.

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Preferred Citation

Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 271, Smithsonian Institution, Office of Environmental Sciences, Ecology Program Records

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Container List

Series 1

ORGANIZATIONAL FILES, 1965-1973. ARRANGED ALPHABETICALLY.

This series consists of correspondence, memoranda, reports, and publications concerning relations between the Ecology Program of the Office of Environmental Sciences (prior to 1970, the Smithsonian Office of Ecology) and government agencies, conservation groups, scientific societies, and business corporations.

Box 1

Folder 1 Agency for International Development, 1970-1972

Box 1 of 22

Folder 2 American Institute of Biological Sciences, 1970-1972

Box 1 of 22

Folder 3 The Conservation Foundation, 1971

Box 1 of 22

Folder 4 Council on Environmental Quality, 1969-1973

Box 1 of 22

Folder 5 Corps of Engineers, U.S. Army, 1973

Box 1 of 22

Folder 6 Environmental Protection Agency, U.S., 1971-1973

Box 1 of 22

Folder 7 Federal Council for Science and Technology, 1970-1973

Box 1 of 22

Folder 8 Federal Council for Science and Technology, Committee on Environmental Quality, 1971-1972

Box 1 of 22

Folder 9 Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology, 1970-1971

Box 1 of 22

Folder 10 Housing and Urban Development, U.S. Department of, 1970

Box 1 of 22

Folder 11 Interior, U.S. Department of, 1972

Box 1 of 22

Folder 12 International Biological Program, 1971-1973

Box 1 of 22

Folder 13 International Business Machines Corporation, 1970-1971

Box 1 of 22

Folder 14 International Council for the Protection of Birds, 1970-1971

Box 1 of 22

Folder 15 International Institute for Environmental Affairs, 1971

Box 1 of 22

Box 2

Folder 1 National Academy of Sciences, 1970-1972

Box 2 of 22

Folder 2 National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 1970-1973

Box 2 of 22

Folder 3 National Environmental Center, 1971-1972

Box 2 of 22

Folder 4 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, 1970-1972

Box 2 of 22

Folder 5 National Science Foundation, 1970-1972

Box 2 of 22

Folder 6 The Nature Conservancy, 1971-1973

Box 2 of 22

Folder 7 North Atlantic Treaty Organization, 1972

Box 2 of 22

Folder 8 Organization for Tropical Studies, 1965-1972

Box 2 of 22

Folder 9 Pan American Health Organization, 1972

Box 2 of 22

Folder 10 Pan American Union, 1970-1971

Box 2 of 22

Folder 11 PIME Committee, 1973

Box 2 of 22

Folder 12 Sierra Club, 1972

Box 2 of 22

Folder 13 Study of Environmental Quality Information Programs, 1970-1971

Box 2 of 22

Folders 14-16 The Institute of Ecology (TIE), general, 1970-1972

Box 2 of 22

Box 3

Folder 1 The Institute of Ecology (TIE), general, 1973

Box 3 of 22

Folder 2 TIE, By-laws for Founding Institutions, 1972

Box 3 of 22

Folder 3 TIE, Coastal Zone Workshop, 1971-1972

Box 3 of 22

Folder 4 TIE, Reports, 1971-1972

Box 3 of 22

Folder 5 TIE, Second Founder's Conference, March 12, 1971

Box 3 of 22

Folder 6 TIE, Smithsonian Agreement of Co-operation, 1971-1972

Box 3 of 22

Folder 7 TIE, Tropical Forest Biome, 1971-1972

Box 3 of 22

Folder 8 United Nations, 1972

Box 3 of 22

Folder 9 United States Information Agency, 1973

Box 3 of 22

Folder 10 Urban Pathfinders, 1972

Box 3 of 22

Folder 11 World Bank, 1969-1973

Box 3 of 22

Series 2

ADMINISTRATIVE RECORDS, 1965-1973. ARRANGED ALPHABETICALLY.

This series consists of correspondence, memoranda, reports, and publications concerning relations with Smithsonian offices and bureaus, participation on Smithsonian-sponsored conferences and committees, and office administration. Of special interest are files documenting the development of the Chesapeake Bay Center for Field Biology (after 1970, the Chesapeake Bay Center for Environmental Studies) and the Smithsonian-Peace Corps Environmental Program.

Box 3

Folder 12 Ad Hoc Advisory Committee, Review of the Smithsonian Program in Ecology, 1968

Box 3 of 22

Folder 13 Ad Hoc Task Force for Legislative Review, 1970-1971

Box 3 of 22

Box 4

Folder 1 Annual Reports, 1966-1970

Box 4 of 22

Folders 2-4 Budget, 1971-1973

Box 4 of 22

Folder 5 Chesapeake Bay Biological Planning Review Panel, 1970-1971

Box 4 of 22

Folder 6 Chesapeake Bay Center for Environmental Studies (CBCES), general, 1966-1967

Box 4 of 22

Folder 7 Chesapeake Bay Center for Environmental Studies (CBCES), general, 1968-1969

Box 4 of 22

Box 5

Folders 1-2 Chesapeake Bay Center for Environmental Studies (CBCES), general, 1970-1973

Box 5 of 22

Folder 3 CBCES, Conference on Remote Sensing of the Chesapeake Bay, 1971

Box 5 of 22

Folder 4 CBCES, Grumman Ecosystems Survey, 1971

Box 5 of 22

Folder 5 Chesapeake Bay Center for Environmental Studies (CBCES), Rhode River Estuary Watershed Program, 1968-1972

Box 5 of 22

Box 6

Folder 1 Conference Invitations, 1970-1973

Box 6 of 22

Folder 2 Congressional Correspondence, 1970-1971

Box 6 of 22

Folder 3 Environmental Priorities Assessment and Conservation Strategy Planning, 1973

Box 6 of 22

Folder 4 Environmental Sciences Advisory Board, 1970-1971

Box 6 of 22

Folder 5 Evaluation of Environmental Inventory Activities, 1973

Box 6 of 22

Folder 6 Fosberg, Francis Raymond, 1965-1970

Box 6 of 22

Folders 7-8 General Correspondence, 1968-1973

Box 6 of 22

Folder 9 Jenkins, Dale W., book reviews, 1972

Box 6 of 22

Folder 10 Jenkins, Dale W., invitations to lecture, 1970-1972

Box 6 of 22

Folder 11 Jenkins, Dale W., personnel, undated

Box 6 of 22

Folder 12 Jenkins, Dale W., travel, 1973

Box 6 of 22

Folder 13 Mediterranean Marine Sorting Center, 1967-1972

Box 6 of 22

Box 7

Folder 1 National Museum of Natural History, 1970-1973

Box 7 of 22

Folder 2 Office of Academic Programs, 1970-1973

Box 7 of 22

Folder 3 Office of Environmental Sciences, 1970-1973

Box 7 of 22

Folder 4 Planning, programming and policy, 1965-1969

Box 7 of 22

Folder 5 Ripley, S. Dillon, 1966-1967, 1970-1973

Box 7 of 22

Folders 6-7 Smithsonian Foreign Currency Program, general, 1965-1968

Box 7 of 22

Box 8

Folders 1-3 Smithsonian Foreign Currency Program, general, 1968-1973

Box 8 of 22

Folder 4 Smithsonian Foreign Currency Program, committees, 1966-1968

Box 8 of 22

Folder 5 Smithsonian Foreign Currency Program, "A Survey of Opportunities for Ecological Studies in Foreign Currency Countries," 1967-1969

Box 8 of 22

Box 9

Folders 1-2 Smithsonian Foreign Currency Program, "A Survey of Opportunities for Ecological Studies in Foreign Currency Countries," 1967-1969

Box 9 of 22

Folder 3 Smithsonian Magazine, 1970-1971

Box 9 of 22

Folder 4 Smithsonian Monitoring Programs, 1971-1972

Box 9 of 22

Box 10

Folders 1-5 Smithsonian-Peace Corps Environmental Program, 1970-1973

Box 10 of 22

Folder 6 Smithsonian Radiation Biological Laboratory, 1966-1972

Box 10 of 22

Folder 7 Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, 1967-1972

Box 10 of 22

Series 3

PROJECT FILES, 1965-1973. ARRANGED ALPHABETICALLY.

This series consists of correspondence, proposals, reports, photographs, maps, and related materials documenting projects conducted and funded by the Ecology Program of the Office of Environmental Sciences (prior to 1970, the Smithsonian Office of Ecology). Included are records of projects conducted as part of the International Program in Ecology and files of research jointly funded by the Ecology Program and the Air Force Office of Scientific Research. The records are arranged alphabetically by project, host country, or principal investigator of the project.

Box 10

Folders 8-9 Air Force, United States. Project proposals submitted to the Air Force Office of Scientific Research, 1966-1967

Box 10 of 22

Box 11

Folders 1-4 Air Force, United States. Project proposals submitted to the Air Force Office of Scientific Research, 1968-1971

Box 11 of 22

Folder 5 Air Force, United States. Project Reports, 1967-1973

Box 11 of 22

Folder 6 Alpha Helix Amazon Expedition, 1967

Box 11 of 22

Folder 7 Angola, 1965-1966

Box 11 of 22

Folder 8 Argentina, 1968

Box 11 of 22

Folder 9 Blenden, Donald C. "Effects of High Intensity Light on Behavioral and Biochemical Parameters," 1970-1971

Box 11 of 22

Folder 10 Brazil, 1966

Box 11 of 22

Box 12

Folder 1 Brazil, 1967-1971

Box 12 of 22

Folder 2 Burma, 1971, 1973

Box 12 of 22

Folders 3-4 Ceylon, 1966-1972

Box 12 of 22

Folder 5 Ceylon. Budget, 1967-1969

Box 12 of 22

Folder 6 China, 1972

Box 12 of 22

Folder 7 Congo, 1966-1968

Box 12 of 22

Box 13

Folder 1 Congo. Proposed Primate Study, 1968-1969

Box 13 of 22

Folder 2 Drewry, George. "Interspecific Interactions between Certain Tropical Frogs Based on Vocal Communication," 1969-1970

Box 13 of 22

Folder 3 Egypt, 1967-1972

Box 13 of 22

Folder 4 Ethiopia, 1972-1973

Box 13 of 22

Folder 5 Fields, Craig. "South East Asia Tree Shrew Studies," 1972

Box 13 of 22

Folder 6 Flock, Walter L. "Radar Observations of Bird Migrations in the Arctic," 1972-1973

Box 13 of 22

Folder 7 Ghana, 1972

Box 13 of 22

Folder 8 Hampson, George R. "Report on Diversity of Benthic Communities on Barro Colorado Island," 1969-1970

Box 13 of 22

Folder 9 Henson, James B. "Survey of Viruses Causing Kit Mortality in Sonic Boom Study," 1970-1971

Box 13 of 22

Folder 10 India, general, 1965-1968

Box 13 of 22

Box 14

Folder 1 India, general, 1968-1972

Box 14 of 22

Folder 2 India. Biosphere Conference, 1966-1970

Box 14 of 22

Folder 3 India. Gir Forest Project, 1969-1972

Box 14 of 22

Folder 4 India. Indian - U.S. Symposium on Ecology, 1971

Box 14 of 22

Folder 5 India. Tiger Project, 1967-1972

Box 14 of 22

Box 15

Folder 1 Indonesia, 1973

Box 15 of 22

Folder 2 Israel, general, 1967-1971

Box 15 of 22

Folder 3 Israel. Biota of the Red Sea and Eastern Mediterranean, 1968

Box 15 of 22

Folder 4 Israel. Comparative Embryology and Floral Anatomy of the Olyroid-Bambusoid Grasses, 1967-1968

Box 15 of 22

Folder 5 Israel. Gazelle Project, 1970-1971

Box 15 of 22

Folder 6 Jenkins, Dale W., "An Ecological Survey of Langley Air Force Base," 1972-1973

Box 15 of 22

Folder 7 Jenkins, Dale W. "Ecology Baseline Survey of Johnston Atoll, Central Pacific Ocean," 1973

Box 15 of 22

Folder 8 Jenkins, Dale W. "Research Problems in Environmental Physiology and Ecosystem Ecology," 1970-1972

Box 15 of 22

Folder 9 Johnson, Phyllis T. "Accumulation of Trace Metals by Marine Organisms, Fish-Eating Birds, and Freshwater Fish," 1972

Box 15 of 22

Box 16

Folder 1 Kenya, 1967-1972

Box 16 of 22
Box 16 of 22

Box 17

Box 17 of 22
Box 17 of 22

Folder 3 Korea. Ecological Studies, proposals, 1966-1968 and undated

Box 17 of 22

Box 18

Box 18 of 22
Box 18 of 22
Box 18 of 22

Folder 4 Liberia, 1969

Box 18 of 22

Folder 5 Libya, 1971

Box 18 of 22

Folder 6 Loftin, Horace. "Preliminary Study toward a Waterfowl Project in South America," 1973

Box 18 of 22

Folder 7 Lovejoy, Thomas E., III. "Ecological Survey of Belem, Brazil," 1967-1968

Box 18 of 22

Folder 8 McCally, Michael. "The Circabidian Rhythm in Man," 1971-1972

Box 18 of 22

Folder 9 MacPhail, J. D. "Behavioral and Ecological Genetics of Panamanian Freshwater Fishes," 1969-1970

Box 18 of 22

Folder 10 Morocco, 1969-1970

Box 18 of 22

Folder 11 Muckenhirn, Nancy. "Smithsonian Primate Project," 1971

Box 18 of 22

Folder 12 Nerem, Robert M. "Influence of Wall Shear on Transport of 14C-4-Cholesterol between Blood and Wall in Perfused Dog Common Carotid Artery" 1971

Box 18 of 22

Folder 13 Paine, R. T. "Behavior and Ecology of Marine Invertebrates," 1969-1970

Box 18 of 22

Folder 14 Pakistan, 1967-1973

Box 18 of 22

Box 19

Folder 1 Panama, Canal Zone, 1965-1968

Box 19 of 22

Folder 2 Peru, 1965-1967

Box 19 of 22

Folder 3 Pye, J. D. "Barro Colorado Island Bat Study," 1971-1972

Box 19 of 22

Folder 4 Satellite Animal Tracking, general, 1971

Box 19 of 22

Folder 5 Satellite Animal Tracking. NASA-SI Doppler Technique Proposal, 1970

Box 19 of 22

Folder 6 Satellite Animal Tracking. NASA-SI-AEC Proposal, 1970

Box 19 of 22

Folder 7 Satellite Animal Tracking. Caribou, 1970

Box 19 of 22

Folder 8 Satellite Animal Tracking. Elk, 1969-1970

Box 19 of 22

Folder 9 Satellite Animal Tracking. Polar Bear, 1970

Box 19 of 22

Box 20

Folder 1 Satellite Animal Tracking. Ridley Sea Turtle, 1970

Box 20 of 22

Folder 2 Slud, Paul. "A Rationale for Comparative Studies of the Amazonian Avifauna," 1967-1971

Box 20 of 22

Folder 3 Teas, Howard J. "Nitrogen Fixation Ability of Mangrove Area Soils in Malaysia, Philippines, New Guinea and Australia," 1972

Box 20 of 22

Folder 4 Thorington, Richard W., Jr. "Smithsonian Primate Project," 1971-1972

Box 20 of 22

Folder 5 Tunisia, 1967-1972

Box 20 of 22

Folder 6 Uganda, 1965-1966

Box 20 of 22

Folder 7 Williams, Timothy C. "Collisions of Bats and Birds with High Performance Aircraft," 1967-1970

Box 20 of 22

Folder 8 Wolda, Henk. "Dynamics of Populations in a Tropical Environment," 1969-1970

Box 20 of 22

Folder 9 Yousef, M. F. "Physiological Adaptations in Deserts and Mountains," 1971

Box 20 of 22

Folder 10 Yugoslavia, 1968-1971

Box 20 of 22

Folder 11 Zambia, 1970

Box 20 of 22

Series 4

LEE MERRIAM TALBOT FILES, 1965-1971. ARRANGED ALPHABETICALLY.

This record unit consists of files maintained by Lee Merriam Talbot in his various capacities as a staff member of the Ecology Program of the Office of Environmental Sciences (prior to 1970, the Smithsonian Office of Ecology). It includes correspondence, memoranda, reports, publications, and related material concerning Smithsonian bureaus and activities, conservation organizations, government agencies, and personal affairs.

Box 20

Folder 12 American Committee for International Wildlife Protection, 1969-1970

Box 20 of 22

Folder 13 American Institute of Biological Sciences, 1970

Box 20 of 22

Folder 14 Assistant Secretary (Science), 1969-1970

Box 20 of 22

Folder 15 Boone and Crockett Club, 1968-1970

Box 20 of 22

Folder 16 Center for Short-Lived Phenomena, 1967-1968

Box 20 of 22

Box 21

Folders 1-2 Center for Short-Lived Phenomena, 1969-1970

Box 21 of 22

Folder 3 Chesapeake Bay Center for Environmental Studies, 1967-1970

Box 21 of 22

Folder 4 The Conservation Foundation, 1965-1970

Box 21 of 22

Folder 5 Conservation related legislation, 1969-1971

Box 21 of 22

Folder 6 Doughty, Robin, 1970-1971

Box 21 of 22

Folder 7 "E-Week" at the Smithsonian, 1970

Box 21 of 22

Folder 8 East African Agriculture and Forest Research Organization, 1969-1970

Box 21 of 22

Folder 9 Exhibits, 1970

Box 21 of 22

Folder 10 Explorers Club, 1966

Box 21 of 22

Folder 11 Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, 1968-1969

Box 21 of 22

Box 22

Folder 1 International Council for Bird Preservation, 1968-1970

Box 22 of 22

Folder 2 International Nature Conservancy, Cornell University, 1968

Box 22 of 22

Folder 3 International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, 1970

Box 22 of 22

Folder 4 National Museum of Natural History, 1968-1971

Box 22 of 22

Folder 5 National Parks, 1967

Box 22 of 22

Folder 6 National Science Foundation, 1968

Box 22 of 22

Folder 7 National Zoological Park, 1968-1970

Box 22 of 22

Folder 8 Office of Academic Programs, 1969-1970

Box 22 of 22

Folder 9 Office of Environmental Sciences, 1969-1970

Box 22 of 22

Folder 10 Office of Environmental Sciences, Ecology Program, 1968-1970 (prior to 1970, Office of Ecology)

Box 22 of 22

Folder 11 Office of Environmental Sciences, Oceanography and Limnology Program, 1967-1970 (prior to 1970, Office of Oceanography and Limnology).

Box 22 of 22

Folder 12 Office of International Activities, 1969-1970

Box 22 of 22

Folder 13 Office of Programming and Budget, 1970

Box 22 of 22

Folder 14 Office of Public Affairs, 1969-1970

Box 22 of 22

Folder 15 Outgoing Correspondence, 1969-1970

Box 22 of 22

Folder 16 People: Africa, undated

Box 22 of 22

Folder 17 People: Europe, 1966

Box 22 of 22

Folder 18 People: International, undated

Box 22 of 22

Folder 19 People: South East Asia, undated

Box 22 of 22

Folder 20 Population Reference Bureau, 1967-1970

Box 22 of 22

Folder 21 Smithsonian Magazine, 1970

Box 22 of 22

Folder 22 Smithsonian Press, 1970

Box 22 of 22

Folder 23 Talbot, Lee Merriam, Personnel, 1969-1970

Box 22 of 22

Folder 24 United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), 1967-1970

Box 22 of 22

Folder 25 The Wildlife Society, 1967-1970

Box 22 of 22