Record Unit 143, United States National Museum, Dept. of Zoology, Correspondence, 1901-1954
The Department of Biology was formed in the reorganization of 1 July 1897. At that time, the various departments in the biological sciences became divisions and the Department was set up as the organizational unit controlling these divisions. The first Head Curator was Frederick W. True, who served from 1897-1911. On 1 June 1911 Leonhard Stejneger became Head Curator and he served in this position until his death in 1943. Waldo L. Schmitt was the last Head Curator of the Department and served until its reorganization in 1947.
On 31 July 1947, the Department of Biology was divided into the Departments of Zoology and Botany. Schmitt continued as Head Curator of Zoology and Ellsworth Paine Killip was appointed Head Curator of Botany.