Finding Aids to Official Records of the Smithsonian Institution Archives
Record Unit 31
Smithsonian Institution. Office of the Secretary
Correspondence, 1866-1906, with related records to 1927
|General Information About This Collection|
|Repository:||Smithsonian Institution Archives, Washington, D.C. Contact us at email@example.com.|
|Creator:||Smithsonian Institution. Office of the Secretary|
|Dates:||1866-1906, with related records to 1927|
|Quantity:||65.91 cu. ft. (98 document boxes) (6 12x17 boxes) (1 16x20 box) (88 3x5 boxes) (1 tube box) (oversize material)|
|Collection:||Record Unit 31|
|Language of Materials:||English|
These records document the administration of the Smithsonian during most of the tenure of Samuel P. Langley, its third Secretary.
Even before Joseph Henry's death, the Smithsonian had taken on a double identity. On the one hand it exercised the usual powers associated with a private body. At the same time it acted as a sort of agent to accomplish various objectives for the federal government. This duality of function was elaborately preserved under the administration of Samuel P. Langley, the Smithsonian's third Secretary. During his tenure (1887-1906) the Bureau of American Ethnology, the National Gallery of Art (now the National Museum of American Art), and the National Zoological Park were all added to the Smithsonian's federal side. Langley created the Astrophysical Observatory, using endowment income and private gifts. It, too, began to receive federal funds before he died in 1906. These records illustrate the peculiar but powerful role which the Smithsonian's Secretary played in forming national scientific policy at the turn of the nineteenth century.
These records document the history of the Smithsonian from 1872-1927. Most of the records concern the tenure of Samuel P. Langley, the third Secretary, who served from 1887-1906. There is also some material dating from as early as 1866 to as late as 1927 in the collection. This record unit is the last to be based on a distinction between incoming and outgoing records, for, beginning in 1907, unified filing systems were employed. Users should therefore be careful to consult the Archives' collections in order to have access to parallel outgoing records series. Users should also consult the collections to identify important separate record units for the United States National Museum. The records document both the Institution's history and the personal research interests of Secretary Langley.
In addition to Langley's research, records of particular interest document the creation of the Astrophysical Observatory and the National Zoological Park, as well as the consolidation of the Bureau of American Ethnology within the Smithsonian after the death of John Wesley Powell.
This collection is indexed under the following access terms. These are links to collections with related topics, persons or places.
- Langley, S. P. (Samuel Pierpont), 1834-1906
- Karr, William W.
- Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology
- Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory
- National Zoological Park (U.S.)
- Smithsonian Institution -- Administration
- Freer Gallery of Art
- Hodgkins Fund
- Smithsonian Institution. Office of the Secretary
Physical Characteristics of Materials in the Collection
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 31, Smithsonian Institution, Office of the Secretary, Correspondence
Series 1General Incoming Correspondence, 1888-1927. Arranged Alphabetically.
This material is the major correspondence series for this record unit. It is likely that parts of it were lost over the years since its creation. Because this series contains much material dealing with Secretary Langley's research, a special effort has been made to identify firms and persons with whom he dealt; and this feature should be of special interest to anyone trying to reconstruct his work. As a sidelight of this attempt, one can observe the difficulties Langley met with in finding suppliers for his mechanical and scientific requirements, and the emergence of a class of firms in America capable of producing equipment suitable for experimental scientific uses. See also series 5.
Folder 1 Aachen Meteorological Observatory - Aaron, Eugene Murray
Folders 2-7 Abbe, Cleveland, 1891-1898, 1900-1905. Cleveland Abbe was for many years editor of the meteorological publications of the United States Weather Bureau. He had close ties with the Smithsonian and was frequently consulted by its officers.
Folder 8 Abbe, Cleveland, Jr. - Abbot, A. B.
Folders 9-22 Abbot, Charles G., 1895-1901. Abbot was recruited from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1895 and remained at the Smithsonian for the whole of his professional life. He began as an aide in the Astrophysical Observatory. As Langley's interests shifted more towards aeronautics, Abbot carried on more and more of the Observatory's work. He became Secretary in 1927.
Folders 1-13 Abbot, Charles G., 1902-1906
Folder 14 Abbot, Francis R. - Adams Express Company
Folder 15 Adams, Robert, Jr., 1898-1903. A Regent and congressman from Pennsylvania.
Folders 16-24 Adams, Washington Irving, 1896-June 1906. Adams joined the Smithsonian in 1896 as Chief Clerk in the Bureau of International Exchanges. He subsequently became Disbursing Agent for the Institution.
Folder 1 Adams, Washington Irving, July-December 1906
Folder 2 Adamson, L. C. - Addressograph Co.
Folder 3 Adee, Alvey A., 1893-1906
Folders 4-17 Adler, Cyrus A., 1890-1906. Cyrus Adler was Librarian and Assistant Secretary of the Smithsonian. He was one of the few men close to Secretary Langley, who consulted him on a variety of subjects.
Folder 18 Aero Club of America, 1905-1906. Concerning various aeronautical subjects, including correspondence with Charles M. Manly, Langley's sometime aide.
Folder 19 Aflalo, F. G. - Albany Club
Folder 20 Albany Institute, 1899-1906
Folder 21 Alberti, N. - Aldis, W. S.
Folder 22 Aldrich, John Merton, 1904-1905
Folder 1 Aldrich, P. D. - Amens, John
Folder 2 American Academy of Arts and Sciences - American antiquities
Folder 3 American Association for the Advancement of Science, 1888-1903
Folder 4 American Astronomical and Astrophysical Society - American Circular Loom Co.
Folder 5 American Engineer, 1893-1896
Folder 6 American Express Co. - American Gas Furnace Co.
Folders 7-9 American Historical Association, 1892-1906. Concerning the publication and distribution of the Report of the American Historical Association and other matters of business.
Folder 10 American Ice Co. - American Institute of Mining Engineers
Folder 11 American Inventor, 1901-1902
Folder 12 American Journal of Pharmacy - American Manufacturer and Iron World
Folder 13 American Metrological Society, 1891-1899
Folder 14 American Morphological Society - American Philological Association
Folder 15 American Philosophical Society, 1892-1906
Folder 16 American Publishers Association - American Tool Works Co.
Folder 17 American Watch Tool Co., 1891-1894. Concerns orders for scientific equipment; includes ferrotypes.
Folder 18 Amerman, Anna - Andrews, W. W. Includes photographs.
Folder 19 Angell, James Burrill, 1891-1906. A citizen Regent.
Folder 20 Anguiano, Angel - Anthony and Scovill
Folder 1 Anthropological Society of Washington, 1893-1894
Folder 2 Antisell, F. L. - Arriaga, Miguel
Folders 3-4 Art room, Smithsonian Building, 1894-1900
Folder 5 Aschaffhauser, L. - Assheton, William
Folder 6 Associated News Bureau - Astronomical and Astrophysical Society of America
Folder 7 Astrophysical Journal, 1894-1905
Folder 8 Atkins, Albert J. - Austin, Ben W.
Folder 9 Austin, W. W. - Australian Museum
Folder 10 Austria-Hungary, Legation of, 1895-1903
Folder 11 Automobile Review - Avery Chemical Co.
Folders 12-19 Avery, Robert Stanton, estate of, 1896-1906. Avery bequeathed certain property to the Smithsonian, which led to a lengthy dispute before final settlement.
Folder 20 Aveyron Society of Letters, Sciences, and Arts - Azcarati, T. de
Folder 1 Baas, Gustave - Bailey, Dr. Jonathan R.
Folder 2 Bailey, S. I. - Baker, D. W.
Folders 3-18 Baker, Frank, May 1890-December 1894. Baker became Manager of the National Zoological Park (NZP) in 1890 and its Director in 1893. This material concerns administration of the park and includes maps of the grounds. See also series 5.
Folders 1-20 Baker, Frank, January 1895-February 1899. Includes maps and building plans. See also series 5.
Folders 1-17 Baker, Frank, March 1899-December 1900. Includes maps. See also series 5.
Folder 1 Baker, Frank, January 1901
Folder 2 Baker, Frank, February 1901. Includes maps. See also series 5.
Folder 3 Baker, Frank, March 1901
Folder 4 Baker, Frank, April 1901
Folder 5 Baker, Frank, May 1901
Folder 6 Baker, Frank, June-September 1901
Folder 7 Baker, Frank, October 1901. Includes maps. See also series 5.
Folder 8 Baker, Frank, November 1901
Folder 9 Baker, Frank, December 1901. Includes maps. See also series 5.
Folder 10 Baker, Frank, January 1902
Folder 11 Baker, Frank, February-March 1902
Folder 12 Baker, Frank, April 1902
Folder 13 Baker, Frank, May 1902. Includes maps. See also series 5.
Folder 14 Baker, Frank, June 1902. Includes maps. See also series 5.
Folders 1-17 Baker, Frank, July 1902-December 1904. Includes maps. See also series 5.
Folders 1-11 Baker, Frank, January 1905-December 1906
Folder 12 Baker, J. W. - Baly, Edward C. C.
Folders 13-14 Balzer, Stephen M., November 1898-April 1900. Correspondence on constructing an engine for the Langley aerodrome.
Folder 15 Banbury, Charles - Barbarin, F. S.
Folder 16 Barber, A. W., 1890-1894. Concerning the "Wakulla Volcano" in northwest Florida. See also series 5.
Folder 17 Barber, J. Walter - Baright, Herbert E.
Folder 18 Barker, George F., 1892-1904. Correspondence on radium and general scientific topics.
Folder 19 Barnard, A. E. - Barnwell, Woodward
Folder 20 Barr, John H. - Bartsch, Paul
Folders 1-5 Barus, Carl, 1892-1905. Correspondence chiefly concerned with the Smithsonian Physical Tables.
Folder 6 Barwick, James A. - Bates, J. M.
Folder 7 Bates, Lawson, 1893-1899. Concerning a houseboat used in Langley's experiments. Plans for its construction can be found in series 5.
Folder 8 Bates, L. T. - Baur, G.
Folder 9 Bausch and Lomb Optical Co., 1893-1904. Concerning equipment for the Astrophysical Observatory.
Folder 10 Bavarian State Statistical Bureau - Becktold, W. B.
Folder 11 Beckwith, Paul - Belknap, C. E. See also series 5.
Folders 12-13 Bell, Alexander Graham, 1888-1906. Concerning his role as a Regent.
Folder 14 Bell and Co. - Benedict, A. L.
Folder 15 Benedict and Burnham Manufacturing Co., 1893-1906
Folder 16 Benedict, Francis G. - Bentley, H. W.
Folders 17-18 Bentley, Wilson A., 1902. Article on structure of snow crystals, including photographs.
Folders 1-2 Bentley, Wilson A., 1904-1905
Folder 3 Bequerel, Henri - Berryman, B. F.
Folder 4 Berst, William - Berthelot, M.
Folder 5 Berthenson, Dr. George, 1892-1903. Correspondence on flight.
Folder 6 Bertherand - Beyl, Geoffry
Folder 7 Bickers, Daniel G. - Bickmore, Albert S.
Folders 8-9 Biddle, James G., 1895-1906. Concerning sale of scientific instruments.
Folder 10 Bielby, R. - Bigelow, Edward F.
Folder 11 Bigelow, Frank H., 1890-1900. Concerning the Philosophical Society of Washington.
Folder 12 Bigelow, John - Biggar, John S.
Folder 13 Bilgram, Hugo, 1891-1902. Concerning machine work performed for Langley's aeronautical experiments.
Folder 14 Billia, L. A. - Billings, John Shaw
Folder 15 Binner-Wells Co., 1903-1904
Folder 16 Birch, Thomas - Bixby, W. H.
Folder 17 Black, Alice - Blatchley, W. S.
Folder 18 Blenner, E. - Blyth, A. Wynter. See also series 5.
Folder 19 Boardman, Samuel L., 1902-1904. Concerning the ornithological work of George A. Boardman (see also record unit 7071).
Folder 1 Boas, Franz - Bodfish, Sumner
Folder 2 Boehmer, George H., 1892-1895
Folder 3 Boettger, Fred - Bolles, F. G.
Folders 4-14 Bolton, Henry Carrington, 1891-1903. Correspondence dealing with international chemical bibliography.
Folder 15 Boltz, O. H. - Bond, W. C.
Folder 16 Bond and Son, William, 1898-1902
Folder 17 Bonelli, D. - Boss, Lewis
Folder 18 Bosscha, J. - Boston Waterworks
Folder 1 Bostroem, Eric - Bowen, Burt M.
Folder 2 Bowen, Clarence W., 1904-1905
Folder 3 Bower, James L. - Boyd, W. S.
Folder 4 Boyd's Directory, 1893-1906
Folder 5 Boyden, C. F. - Brannon, Levi
Folders 6-18 Brashear, John Alfred, 1891-May 1900. This correspondence documents the long course of dealing between Secretary Langley and Brashear, who supplied many pieces of scientific apparatus to Langley for his research in physics and aeronautics. Included are drawings and blueprints. See also series 5.
Folders 1-8 Brashear, John Alfred, June 1900-1906. See also series 5.
Folder 9 Brasseur, Charles A. - Brazil, Legation of
Folder 10 Breary, F. M. - Brewster, William
Folder 11 Brick - Britton and Gray
Folder 12 Broadhead, G. C. - Brouchere, Leon de
Folder 13 Brown, Addison S. - Brown, Henry H.
Folder 14 Brown and Sharpe Mfg. Co., 1892-1905
Folder 15 Brown, J. - Brown, L. J.
Folder 16 Brown, Stephen C., 1895-1904. Concerning his duties as Registrar of the National Museum.
Folder 17 Brown, Thomas C. - Bruhns, Marie
Folder 18 Brune, Gerhard - Bryce, J. H.
Folder 19 Buchanan, A. F. - Buckeye Iron and Brass Works
Folder 1 Budapest - Buff and Berger
Folder 2 Buffalo Forge Co., 1902-1905. Concerning equipment ordered for Langley experiments; includes blueprints. See also series 5.
Folder 3 Bugbee, S. W. - Bulard, C.
Folder 4 Bullinger's Postal and Shipper's Guide - Bullock's Illustrated Lectures
Folder 5 Bumbaugh, G. L. - Burlingame, E. L.
Folder 6 Burnett, Vivian - Burrows, J. C.
Folder 7 Burt, Edward A. - Butler, M. C.
Folder 8 Butterworth, Benjamin - Bysfield, Frank B.
Folder 9 C. & C. Electric Motor Co. - Cain, John
Folder 10 Calderhead, W. A. - Calverley, William
Folder 11 Cambridge Scientific Instrument Co. - Cambridge University
Folder 12 Cameron, J. Franklin - Campbell and Zell Co.
Folder 13 Canfield, W. P. - Carmo, A. Gomes
Folders 14-18 Carnegie Institution of Washington, 1892-1906. The Secretary of the Smithsonian was a trustee ex officio of the Carnegie Institution, founded in 1902 by Andrew Carnegie. There is also some earlier correspondence discussing proposed philanthropic projects.
Folder 19 Carpenter Enamel Rheostat Co., 1893-1895. Discussing equipment for Langley's experiments.
Folder 20 Carpenter, Frank G. - Carson, C. H., Jr.
Folder 21 Carter, Albert - Carton, Emile
Folder 1 Cary, Austin - Case, Howard and Co. See also series 5.
Folder 2 Casella, Louis P., 1892-1899. Concerning supply of scientific instruments.
Folder 3 Casper, G. W. - Castell, F. de P.
Folder 4 Cattell, James McKeen, 1895-1906
Folder 5 Caulk, William B. - Century Book Co.
Folder 6 Cerroti, Ottavio - Chant, C. A. See also series 5.
Folders 7-9 Chanute, Octave O., 1891-1905. Discussing topics related to manned flight.
Folder 10 Chapin, C. N. - Chapin, L. N.
Folders 11-12 Chaplain, J. C., 1894-1896. Discussing design of the Hodgkins Medal; includes drawings.
Folder 13 Chapman, C. M. - Chauvigne, Auguste
Folder 14 Chemical Publishing Co. - Chevigny, Gilbert A.
Folder 15 Chicago Academy of Sciences - Chicago, University of
Folder 16 Child, R. C., 1895-1896. Discussing experimental work of the Astrophysical Observatory.
Folder 17 Childe, Herbert - Childs, W. S.
Folder 18 Chilton, W. B. - Chivers, Cedric. See also series 5.
Folder 1 Christenson, Oscar - Cilley, E. H.
Folder 2 Claflin Optical Co. - Clark, Alvan & Sons
Folders 3-6 Clark, Alonzo Howard, 1892-1897, 1901-1906. Concerning his duties at the Smithsonian, particularly his editorial work.
Folder 7 Clark, Mrs. Fitzgibbon - Clark, William G.
Folders 8-9 Clarke, Frank Wigglesworth, 1891-1906. Concerning Clarke's work as a consultant to the Smithsonian on chemical topics; references to the work of Edward W. Morley on redetermination of atomic weights.
Folder 10 Clarke, J. W. - Clems, Arthur W.
Folder 11 Cleveland, H. - Cloud, Francis H.
Folder 12 Coan, Titus M. - Cochrane, Charles H.
Folder 13 Cockburn, S. A. - Collier's Weekly
Folder 14 Collins, A. Frederick - Cologne (Germany), mayor of
Folders 15-16 Color standards, 1898-1903. Refers to efforts to produce a standard for describing colors in nature, first begun as part of Robert Ridgway's work on birds and then expanded to a more general, and more ambitious, study, based on use of spectroscopic standards. Ridgway, no physicist, gave up his plan upon realizing the form it must take to have Langley's support.
Folder 17 Colorado Commissioner of Game, Fish, and Forestry - Columbia Phonograph Co.
Folder 1 Comegys, C. G. - Condie, C. C.
Folder 2 Cone, John - Conner, D. E.
Folder 3 Constantinople, Legation of the United States in, 1894-1898
Folder 4 Contanseau Foreign Express - Cooke, Robert Grier
Folder 5 Cooley, J. F. - Cooper, J. T.
Folder 6 Cope, Edward Drinker, 1891-1897. Concerning a manuscript on North American reptiles.
Folders 7-10 Cope, Edward Drinker, bibliography, 1897-1906. Concerns efforts to compile and publish a bibliography of Cope's work.
Folder 11 Copeland and Co., M. G. - Copley, Josiah
Folder 12 Coppee, Henry, 1891-1896. Concerning Coppee's service as a Regent and chairman of the Executive Committee.
Folder 13 Corazza, Aldo - Corbin Banking Co.
Folder 14 Corcoran Gallery of Art, 1894-1905
Folder 15 Cordingly and Co. - Cornell Co-operative Society
Folder 16 Corning, John Herbert, 1892-1906
Folder 17 Cornu, Mme Alfred - Cory, Daniel W.
Folder 18 Correspondence, rules for Smithsonian, 1892
Folder 19 Corrington, Washington, 1896
Folder 20 Cosgrove, Thomas - Covell, Henry H.
Folder 21 Coville, Frederick Vernon, 1897
Folder 22 Coward - Cox, Sidney R.
Folder 23 Cox, William V., 1891-1893. Concerning Cox's duties as Chief Clerk.
Folders 1-5 Cox, William V., 1894-1905. Concerning his duties as Chief Clerk.
Folder 6 Coyle, Henry S. - Crawley, George E.
Folder 7 Cree, John K. - Creuzbaur, Robert. See also series 5.
Folder 8 Critchett, J. C. - Crocker-Wheeler Co.
Folder 9 Croghan, John - Crosscup and West Engraving Co.
Folder 10 Cullom, Shelby S., 1891-1906. Concerning his service as a senatorial Regent.
Folder 11 Crova, A. - Culbertson, Thad A.
Folder 12 Culveyhouse, William - Curtis, George Carroll
Folder 13 Curtis, George E., 1890-1895. Chiefly dealing with laboratory experiments carried out at the direction of Secretary Langley.
Folder 14 Curtis, G. M. - Dalbert, Louis
Folder 15 Dall, William Healey, 1890-1902. Concerning his duties in the National Museum.
Folder 16 Dallett, Thomas H. and Co. - Daniel, S. S.
Folder 17 Daniels, Francis B. - Dastre, A.
Folder 18 Dauber, August, 1895-1896. See also series 5.
Folders 1-2 Daughters of the American Revolution, 1898-1907. The D.A.R. was required by law to make an annual report on its activities, to be transmitted to Congress by the Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution. This material concerns those reports.
Folder 3 Davanne, H. - Davis, H. H. See also series 5.
Folder 4 Davis, Herman S. - Day, W. F.
Folder 5 Dean, A. - Delaunoy, H.
Folders 6-8 De La Vergne Refrigeration Co., 1897-1905. Concerning refrigeration equipment installed to cool Astrophysical Observatory equipment; includes blueprints. See also series 5.
Folder 9 Delaware Chemical Co. - Denmark, Embassy of
Folder 10 Dennett, W. S. - Densmore, L. W.
Folders 11-18 De Peyster, General John Watts, 1901-1906. Concerning De Peyster's gifts, first, of works from his library and subsequently of other objects.
Folder 1 Deprez, Marcel - Detroit Photographic Co.
Folder 2 De Vere, M. Schele, 1896-1897
Folder 3 De Vinne and Co., Theodore, 1896-1898. Concerning publication of the Smithsonian's Half-Century Book and other titles; includes drawings. See also series 5.
Folder 4 De Vore, George W. - De Young, R. R.
Folder 5 Dibos, M. - Dietrichson, Paul A.
Folder 6 Diffendale, Joseph E. - Disston and Sons, Henry
Folder 7 District of Columbia Paper Manufacturing Co. - Dodd, Mead and Co.
Folder 8 Dodge, Charles Wright - Donaldson, Owen M. See also series 5.
Folder 9 Donaldson, William W., 1895-1896. Concerning electric storage batteries.
Folder 10 Donnell, James M. - Dorsey, George A.
Folder 11 Dorsey, Harry W., 1892-1906
Folder 12 Dorsey, Nicholas E. - Dorster, John N.
Folder 13 Douay, Leon, 1891-1894
Folder 14 Doubleday, Page & Co. - Doyle, James J.
Folder 15 Drake, A. W. - Dreka, Louis
Folder 16 Drenford, George - Du Bose, G. M.
Folder 17 Duche, E. - Dungan, R. M.
Folder 18 Dunn, B. W. - Dunn, J. E.
Folder 19 Du Perow, M. - Dyrsen and Pfeiffer
Folder 20 Eames, Alvin H. - Eck, Frederick O.
Folders 1-5 Eclipse, solar, 1900. Correspondence, I-T, miscellany, government departments. The Astrophysical Observatory (APO) staff, led by Langley himself, traveled to Wadesboro, North Carolina, to observe the solar eclipse of 1900. This material consists mostly of correspondence from volunteer observers, and from some professional astronomers, directed to the APO. Includes photographs (see box 70A). Some files are missing.
Folder 6 Eddy, John R., 1901-1902
Folders 7-8 Eddy, William A., 1891-1901. Concerning meteorology.
Folder 9 Edes, Henry H. - Edison Manufacturing Co.
Folder 10 Edmonds, J. R. - Eimbeck, William
Folder 11 Eimer and Amend, 1894-1906. Concerning APO apparatus.
Folder 12 Eisman, D. C. - Electric Power
Folders 13-14 Electric Storage Battery Co., 1893-1906
Folder 15 The Electrical Age - Elliott, D. G.
Folder 16 Elliott, Henry Wood, 1891-1903. Concerning Elliott's efforts at fur seal preservation.
Folder 17 Elliott, John - Elliott and Hatch
Folder 18 Ellis, L. B. - Ely, G. S. See also series 5.
Folder 19 Emanuel, Philip A. - Enthoffer, Joseph
Folder 1 Epps, Orlo - Erie Foundry Co.
Folder 2 Evans, Walter H. - Ewing, I. A.
Folder 3 Explorations, cost of - Ezzell, M. K.
Folder 4 Faber, M. von - Falkenhagen, J. F.
Folder 5 Faneuil Watch Tool Co., 1893-1901. Concerning precision machine work done for Langley experiments.
Folder 6 Faris, H. P. - Farrow Arms Co.
Folder 7 Fassig, Oliver L. - Fay, William E.
Folder 8 Featherson, G. J. - Felton, C. N.
Folder 9 Felts, Walter W., 1894-1895
Folder 10 Fenton, Joseph T. - Ferguson, W. B.
Folder 11 Fergusson, Sterling Price, 1900. Concerning Langley's aerodrome experiments. See also series 5.
Folder 12 Fermi, Claudio - Fernow, Berhnard E.
Folder 13 Ferraro, D. J., 1902-1906
Folder 14 Ferris, F. O. - Fezzi, Ernesto
Folders 15-16 Fewkes, J. Walter, 1895-1898, 1905. Concerning anthropological research and Bureau of American Ethnology affairs. See also series 5.
Folder 1 Fidelity and Casualty Co.- Fieldwick, Robert W.
Folder 2 Fiesse, Charles - Finzi, Giorgio
Folder 3 Fire, Committee to Prevent, 1906
Folder 4 Fireman, Peter - Fitzgerald, Melvin T.
Folder 5 Flanagan, John - Fluckiger, F. A.
Folder 6 Flugel, Felix, 1891-1905. Flugel, a philologist, was for many years the Smithsonian`s agent for its publications in Germany.
Folder 7 Fock, A. - Forbes, Louise
Folder 8 Ford, Mrs. A. M. - Ford, W. Hutson
Folder 9 Foreign Express Co. - Forrest, Frank R.
Folder 10 Forsberg and Murray - Forward, Ross
Folder 11 Foster, Charles - Fowke, Gerard
Folder 12 Fowle, F. E., 1895-1906. Concerning Fowle's work as one of Langley's laboratory aides.
Folder 13 Fowler, A. A. - Fowler, George L. George L. Fowler was an engineer engaged by Langley to help produce a small, light engine for his aerodrome.
Folder 14 Fox, Edward - Franklin and Co.
Folder 15 Franklin Institute, 1891-1903
Folder 16 Franklin Fire Insurance Co. - Fraser, J. E.
Folder 17 Frasse, Peter A. and Co., 1890-1893. Frasse supplied Langley with technical and scientific equipment for his experiments.
Folder 18 Frazer, Persifor - Freund, Theodore J.
Folders 1-3 Friedenwald Company, 1893-1905. Printers, this firm published titles produced by the Smithsonian.
Folder 4 Friedlander and Sohn, S., 1895-1900
Folder 5 Friel, L. - Fritz, Louis
Folder 6 Frodsham and Co. - Fuller, A. W.
Folder 7 Fuller, Melville Weston, 1891-1906. Fuller was Chief Justice of the United States and thus the Smithsonian's Chancellor. Correspondence deals with various matters of Smithsonian concern.
Folder 8 Fuller, Rufus - Fulton, Robert
Folder 9 Funk and Wagnalls Co., 1892-1906
Folder 10 Fusch, Henry J. - Gabbey, R. L.
Folders 11-14 Gaertner and Co., William, 1898-1905. This firm produced instruments for Langley's experiments, particularly those related to flight. The correspondence discusses meeting Langley's requirements for the equipment.
Folder 15 Gage, Simon H. - Gantz, J. S.
Folder 16 Garcia-Diego, Salvador - Garvin Machine Co.
Folder 17 Gas Engine and Power Co., 1893-1903
Folder 18 Gas Industries Co. - Gaspar, J.
Folders 19-22 Gatchel and Manning, 1902-March 1905. This Philadelphia firm produced illustrations for many SI publications.
Folders 1-3 Gatchel and Manning, April 1905-1906
Folder 4 Gates, Elmer, 1894-1904. Concerning his claimed affiliation with the Smithsonian.
Folder 5 Gathmann, Emil - Gedney and Roberts
Folder 6 General Electric Co., 1892-1904. Regarding equipment sold to the Smithsonian for various purposes.
Folder 7 General Order - Genth, F. A., Jr.
Folder 8 Gaining, E. - Germany, Embassy of
Folder 9 Gholson, J. G. - Gibbs, Wolcott
Folder 10 Gibon, Theodore - Gibson Brothers
Folder 11 Gibson, E. H. - Gildersleeve, L. J.
Folder 12 Gill, Augustus H. - Ginn and Co.
Folder 13 Gippenrich, A. - Glazebrook, R. T.
Folder 14 Gleason, P. T. - Godwin, W. M.
Folder 15 Goeller, C. L., 1891-1893
Folder 16 Goettel, Augustus, 1890-1916. Concerning an anonymous gift to the United States.
Folder 17 Goetz, Elmer H. - Gooch, J. B.
Folders 1-13 Goode, George Brown, 1888-1896. Goode was a member of the Smithsonian Staff from 1872 to his death in 1896, rising to become Assistant Secretary in charge of the United States National Museum (from 1887). These records document a small, routine aspect of his career.
Folder 14 Goode, George Brown. Correspondence on his History of American Science, 1906
Folder 15 Goode, J. Paul - Goodwin, [N.?] M.
Folder 16 Goodyear, William H., 1895-1905
Folder 1 Goodykoontz, J. - Gordon, Reginald
Folder 2 Gore, James H., 1891-1903. Concerning meteorological topics.
Folder 3 Gorham, W. C. - Grahlke, A. C.
Folder 4 Grand Army of the Republic, 1891-1906
Folder 5 Grand Rapids & Indiana Railway Co. - Gray, E. N.
Folder 6 Gray, George, 1894-1906. A Smithsonian Regent and a judge of the Third Circuit U. S. Court of Appeals.
Folder 7 Gray, George W. - Gray, R. E.
Folders 8-10 Gray, Thomas, 1893-1906. Gray compiled several editions of the Smithsonian's Physical Tables.
Folder 11 Great Divide, 1892-1894
Folder 12 Greatorex, Dan - Greely, A. W.
Folder 13 Green, Bernard Richardson, 1899-1900. Superintendent of Buildings and Grounds for the Library of Congress, Green carried out several engineering projects for the Smithsonian during this period.
Folder 14 Green, B. W. - Green, Elmer
Folder 15 Green, Henry J., 1891-1905. A scientific instrument maker who supplied numerous items for Langley's experiments.
Folder 16 Green, J. E. - Greer, John H.
Folder 17 Gregory, James - Grimshaw, Robert
Folders 18-19 Grosvenor, Gilbert Hovey, 1901, 1903-1906. Grosvenor edited National Geographic and long had close ties with the Smithsonian.
Folder 20 Grosvenor, Sarah A. - Grover, E. W.
Folders 21-22 Grunow, William, 1891-1902. Concerning orders for scientific instruments.
Folder 23 Guatemala, Legation of - Gump, A. W.
Folder 24 Gunderson, Carl - Gurley, Randolph Revere
Folder 1 Gurley, W. and L. E., 1893-1900. Scientific instrument makers.
Folder 2 Gurnell, L. G. - Gurren, E. J.
Folder 3 Gutekunst, F. and Co., 1891-1902
Folder 4 Gutermann, E. - Gutzmer, A.
Folder 5 Haas Brothers - Hack, N. Frank
Folder 6 Hackett, Frank W., Andrews Estate, 1899-1900. Frank W. Hackett was the Smithsonian's attorney in a number of cases which arose during this period. While the Regents who had legal backgrounds gave their advice on issues rather freely, it was Hackett who carried out the detailed work to be done.
Folders 7-12 Hackett, Frank W., Avery Estate, 1894-1900
Folder 13 Hackett, Frank W., Glover Coin Collection, 1897
Folders 14-16 Kackett, Frank W., Hodgkins Estate, 1895-1900
Folder 17 Hackett, Frank W., Miscellaneous legal topics, 1897-1902
Folder 18 Haddon, A. C. - Haines, H. G.
Folder 19 Halbert, H. D. - Hale, Eugene
Folders 20-23 Hale, George Ellery, 1891-1901, 1904-1906. Hale was an eminent astronomer and directed the Yerkes Observatory. He and Langley were professional colleagues and allies.
Folder 1 Hale, George Ellery, 1899-1904. Concerning the National Academy of Sciences Committee on Solar Research.
Folder 2 Hale, George Ellery. Solar eclipse of 1900, 1899-1900
Folder 3 Hale, George Ellery. Yerkes Observatory, 1901-1903
Folder 4 Hale, George W. - Hallock, Charles
Folder 5 Hallock, William, 1891-1902
Folder 6 Halm, J. - Hamilton, Frank
Folders 7-8 Hamilton Lectures, 1898-1905. Supported by a bequest from William Hamilton, the Hamilton Lectures were to be given from time to time on scientific or practical topics. These records deal chiefly with Andrew D. White's 1905 address on the reform of the American diplomatic service.
Folder 9 Hamilton and Colbert - Hammer, D.
Folders 10-11 Hammer, William Joseph, 1893-1905. An electrical engineer, Hammer ultimately presented his collection of apparatus to the Smithsonian.
Folder 12 Hammill, S. Scott - Hardess, H. J.
Folder 13 Hardie, Robert Gordon, 1893-1894
Folder 14 Harding, C. E. - Harper, R. H.
Folder 15 Harrington, B. R. - Harrover, W. H.
Folder 16 Hart, Charles Henry - Hartley, Harold B.
Folder 17 Hartman and Cadick, 1897-1898
Folder 18 Hartmann, Carl, 1893-1904
Folder 19 Harvard College Observatory, 1894-1903. Concerning topics of mutual interest.
Folder 20 Harvey, A. H. - Hastings, Oregon C.
Folder 21 Hatch, J. E. - Hawkins, S. W.
Folder 22 Hawley, Edwin H., 1891-1902
Folder 1 Hawley, J. R. - Hawley, L. A.
Folder 2 Hay, Oliver Perry, 1896-1899
Folder 3 Hay, W. P. - Hayhurst, William P.
Folder 4 Haymaker, Edward A. - Hagen, S. N.
Folder 5 Hazen, Henry Allen, 1892-1898. Discussing studies of wind velocity.
Folder 6 Hazzell, Maria - Hele-Shaw, H. S.
Folder 7 Heliotype Printing Co., 1899-1905
Folder 8 Helm, V. I. - Hemingway, C. B.
Folder 9 Hemiup, Maria Remington, 1886, 1894
Folder 10 Hemphill, John J. - Henderson, James E.
Folder 11-14 Henderson, John Brooks, 1891-1906. A long-time Regent and member of the Executive Committee, Henderson was closely involved in the Institution's operations and used his legal and political talents in its behalf.
Folder 15 Henderson, J. W. - Henderson, Thomas P.
Folder 16 Hendey, H. J. - Henri, P.
Folders 17-18 Henry, Mary A. and Caroline, 1891-1902. Concerning efforts to publish the papers of Joseph Henry, the Institution's first Secretary.
Folder 19 Henry, R. L. - Herbertson, A. J.
Folder 20 Herder, B. - Herrick, S. S.
Folder 1 Herring, A. W., 1895-1902. Referring to Herring's efforts to construct an engine to drive the Langley aerodrome.
Folder 2 Herring, Mrs. S. H. - Hersperger, W. K.
Folder 3 Herve, Henri, 1891-1897. Herve edited Revue de L'Aeronautique and corresponded with Langley on that topic.
Folder 4 Hesdorffer, Max - Hickock Manufacturing Co.
Folder 5 Hiersemann, Karl W., 1893-1901
Folder 6 Higdem, J. S. - Hight, R. F.
Folder 7 Hildebrandt, Lieutenant [?], 1896-1899. Discussing aeronautical topics.
Folder 8 Hildebrandt, Mary M. - Hiles, E. K.
Folders 9-10 Hilger, Adam, 1892-1903. An English maker of scientific instruments.
Folders 11-12 Hill, Clarke & Co., 1891-1901
Folder 13 Hill, Francis J., 1892-1896. Concerning orders for scientific instruments.
Folder 14 Hill, H. A. - Hillman, C. D.
Folder 15 Himrod, W. G. - Hitchcock, Romyn
Folder 16 Hitt, Robert R., 1893-1906. A Regent.
Folder 17 Hoar, George F. - Hobbs, Virgil M.
Folder 18 Hobbs, William H., 1892-1906
Folder 19 Hobbs, William P. - Hockaday, E. J.
Folders 20-22 Hodge, Frederick Webb, 1897-1905. Concerning the work of the Bureau of American Ethnology.
Folder 23 Hodges, Herbert A. - Hodgson, Richard
Folder 24 Hoen, A. & Co., 1896-1903
Folder 25 Hofer, Elwood, 1896-1898. Concerning attempts to get buffalo for the NZP.
Folder 26 Hoffler, Friderich - Holdaway, J. Alma
Folder 27 Holden, Edward Singleton, 1889-1890. Holden was on the staff of the Lick Observatory during this period and collaborated with Langley on a number of projects in astrophysics and photographic astronomy. Holden took a number of lunar photographs for Langley, circa 1890-1893, which can be found in box 104.
Folders 1-5 Holden, Edward Singleton, 1891, 1893-1902
Folder 6 Holder, Charles Frederick - Holmes, W. E.
Folders 7-12 Holmes, William Henry, 1894-1903. Concerning mostly Holmes's work in the Bureau of American Ethnology.
Folder 13 Holmfeld, H. De D. - Hoole Machine and Engraving Works
Folder 14 Hoon, Cheng Yen, 1894-1900. Concerning gifts of ancient Chinese bronzes.
Folder 15 Hooper, H. E. - Hopkins, Griffith M.
Folder 16 Hopkins, N. Monroe, 1901-1902. Dealing with efforts to publish Joseph Henry's laboratory notebooks. The demands of his daughter, Mary Henry (q.v.), frustrated the project.
Folder 17 Hopkins, Thomas L. - Hornaday, William T.
Folders 18-20 Hornblower and Marshall, 1895-1905. These Washington architects carried out numerous commissions for the Smithsonian in this period, mostly at the National Zoological Park.
Folder 21 Hornbostle, Charles - Hotchkiss Ordnance Co.
Folder 1 Hough, Walter - Housiaux, John
Folder 2 Howard, A. F. - Howard, George
Folder 3 Howard, Leland Ossian, 1895-1906
Folder 4 Howard Library - Howard Watch and Clock Co.
Folder 5 Howat, Alexander - Howe, Henry M.
Folder 6 Howe, James Lewis, 1897-1905. Concerning the American Association for the Advancement of Science's Committee on Indexing Chemical Literature.
Folder 7 Howell, D. J. - Hoyt, John W.
Folder 8 Hubbard, A. G. - Hubbard, D. W.
Folders 9-10 Hubbard, Gardiner Greene, 1890-1898. Citizen member of the Regents.
Folder 11 Hubbard Publishing Co. - Huey, Henry C.
Folders 12-13 Huffaker, E. C., 1892-1903. Huffaker was an engineer whom Langley employed on aspects of his research on flight, to which topic these records are devoted.
Folder 14 Huffmon, James R. G. - Hugunin, H. M.
Folder 15 Hukill, W. V. - Humphrey, O. W.
Folder 16 Hungerford, T. Russell - Hurst, S. H.
Folder 17 Hutchins, C. C., 1891-1894. Concerning astronomical topics.
Folder 18 Hutchinson & Harbin - Hyslop, J. H.
Folder 19 Ibarra, A. M. - Industrial Investment & Development Co.
Folder 20 Ingalls, W. C., Jr. - Inskeep, D. E.
Folder 21 Instrument makers, circular letter to, 1890-1891
Folder 1 International Exchanges, 1902-1906
Folder 2 International Express - International Yearbook [of Education?]
Folder 3 The Inventive Age, 1891-1902
Folder 4 Iowa Geological Survey - Irwin, T. J.
Folder 5 Isaacs, I. E. - Ivins Tube Co.
Folder 6 Jackson, A. V. Williams - Jackson, E. E.
Folder 7 Jackson, Homer W. - Jacob, G.
Folder 8 Jaffa, Meir - Janney, Nathaniel E.
Folder 9 Janney and Steinmetz, 1893-1903. Metal fabricators and suppliers, the firm provided material for Langley's experiments.
Folder 10 Janney, Reynold - Jeffords and Co.
Folder 11 Jenison, E. S. - Johns, C. R.
Folder 12 Johns Hopkins University, 1892-1905
Folder 13 Johnson, Andrew - Johnson, S.
Folders 14-15 Johnson Temperature Regulating Co., 1895-1904. Concerning cooling equipment in use in the Astrophysical Observatory.
Folder 16 Johnson, Thomas L. - Johnston, William
Folders 17-18 Johnston, William G. and Co., 1891-1905
Folder 19 Johnston, William Preston, 1896-1900. A citizen Regent.
Folder 20 Jolley, C. V. - Jones, Herbert C.
Folder 21 Jones, Joshua - Jonesco, George
Folder 22 Jordan, David Starr, 1897-1906. Of special interest are several letters from Jordan to S. P. Langley criticizing Henry Wood Elliott's views on the fur seal controversy.
Folder 23 Jordan, Louis F. - Joyce, John A.
Folders 24-25 Judd and Detweiler, 1891-1906
Folder 1 Judge, Margaret A. - Karoly, Charles S.
Folders 2-10 Karr, William W., 1891-1900, 1902-1906. Karr was employed by the Smithsonian in a variety of posts. He became the Institution's Disbursing Agent but was, in 1905, found to have embezzled some $60,000 of the Smithsonian's endowment, as well as about $7,000 in federal appropriations. These records deal mostly with the aftermath of discovery and efforts to recover a part of the money from property Karr had owned in Memphis, Tennessee.
Folder 11 Kasan Society of Physics and Mathematics - Keech, William
Folder 12 Keeler, James Edward, 1891-1898. Director of the Allegheny Observatory.
Folder 13 Keen, W. W. - Keeser, J. T.
Folder 14 Keffer, C. E. - Kempton, Dwight
Folder 15 Kenaga, D. H. - Kentucky State Historical Society
Folder 16 Kernodle, G. W. - Ketchum, O. W.
Folder 17 Ketterlinus Printing House, 1892-1896
Folder 18 Keuffel and Esser Co., 1890-1903
Folder 19 Keune, F. W., Jr. - Key West (Florida) City Commissioners
Folder 20 Kibbe, Henry - Kimyoun, Joseph J.
Folder 21 Kinealy, M. - King, F. H.
Folder 22 King, Henry B., 1889-1897
Folder 23 King, H. F. - King, W. C.
Folder 24 Kinsely, A. L. - Kirkwood, Samuel J.
Folder 25 Kislingbury, George - Kitson, Arthur
Folder 26 Klefler, J. A. - Knickerbocker, Millis
Folders 1-31 Knickerbocker Press, 1891-1906. The Knickerbocker Press published a number of titles for the Smithsonian during the period covered by these records. This material deals with the details of publication and is largely arranged alphabetically by title.
Folder 32 Knight, Charles - Knudsen, Augustus
Folder 33 Koch, Konrad - Koons, B. F.
Folder 1 Kors, M. F. - Krusbe, Charles
Folder 2 Kunz, George Frederick, 1892-1905. Kunz was employed by Tiffany for many years and was an expert mineralogist.
Folder 3 Kurbatzky, O. - Kynett, J. R.
Folder 4 Laar, J. J. - Lake, Helen M.
Folder 5 Lamb, B. F. - Lampton, James J.
Folders 6-8 Lancaster, I., 1890-1891, 1894-1903, 1905-1907
Folder 9 Lanchester, F. W. - Lane, George W.
Folder 10 Lane, Sylvanus, 1891-1901
Folder 11 Lane, W. W., 1897
Folder 12 Lary, A., 1898-1899. Concerning American aboriginal mythology and philology.
Folder 13 Langbehn,W. F. - Lange Publishing Co.
Folder 14 Langley, John W., 1891-1898
Folders 15-22 Langley, Samuel P., 1891-1901. Langley, the Institution's third Secretary, was an astrophysicist and a pioneer student of aeronautics. Unfortunately, most of Langley's personal papers were destroyed in a fire shortly after his death. Thus, his official papers take on added importance, although they are not as detailed as could be wished. However, researchers should note that there are numerous references to records of suppliers of scientific equipment, colleagues, and employees throughout this record unit which may repay careful reading. For this purpose a knowledge of names of correspondents will be useful. These records of Langley's are arranged in part chronologically and in part by subject matter or by correspondent.
Folders 1-3 Langley, Samuel P., 1902-1906
Folders 4-7 Langley, Samuel P. European trip, May-August 1895. Includes photographs.
Folders 8-9 Langley, Samuel P. European trip, May-October 1900
Folders 10-14 Langley, Samuel P. Correspondence with Assistant in Charge of Office, 1898-1905
Folder 15 Langley, Samuel P. Drafts of letters, 1895-1898
Folders 1-2 Langley, Samuel P., drafts of letters, 1899-1902
Folder 3 Langley, Samuel P. Obituaries, 1906
Folder 4 Langley, Samuel P. Condolences, 1906-1907
Folder 5 Langley, Samuel P. Gift of Langley's instruments, medals, etc., to the Smithsonian, 1906-1907
Folder 6 Langley, Samuel P. Correspondence, illegible signatures
Folder 7 Languirand, Royal - Larrabure, J. V.
Folder 8 Larsen, Alexander, lightning discharge studies, 1904-1927
Folder 9 Larsen, Alexander. Photographs, 1927
Folder 10 Lasher, George F. - Lay, William
Folder 11 Lea, Harry - Le Baron, J. Francis
Folder 12 Lebon, Ernest, 1898-1903
Folder 13 LeConte, Joseph - Legsworth, A. E.
Folder 14 Leidy, Joseph, 1904
Folder 15 Leishear, W. B. - Lemcke and Buechner
Folders 16-17 Le Mesurier, E. A., 1891-1901. Le Mesurier was the British Consul at Genoa, Italy, where James Smithson died and was buried. He performed many services for the Smithsonian until the removal of the Smithson remains to the United States in 1904.
Folder 18 Lemmon, V. - Leng and Co., John S.
Folders 19-20 Lengsfield, Julius, 1891-1892, 1895-1905
Folder 1 Lenihan, John, 1895-1896
Folder 2 Lenoir and Forster - Leonard Scott Publications Co.
Folder 3 Le Pierre, Auguste - Leupp, Francis E.
Folder 4 Leverkuhns, P. - Lewis, George
Folder 5 Lewis, Lieutenant J. N., 1899-1901. Lt. Lewis was clerk of the War Department's Board of Ordnance and Fortification during the period when it granted Langley funds to pursue his aircraft experiments.
Folder 6 Lewis, W. W. - Leyst, Ernst
Folders 7-10 Libbey, Professor William, Jr., 1891-1894
Folders 11-13 Library Bureau, 1892-1906
Folder 14 Lick Observatory, 1897-1906. Correspondence on astronomical subjects, mostly with Director W. W. Campbell.
Folder 15 Liebisch, Bernhard - Linke, R. A.
Folder 16 Linsener, Heinrich - Liston, William James
Folder 17 Lipinski, C. - Livingstone, F. S.
Folder 18 Lloyd, Andrew J. - Lloyd and Paxton
Folder 19 Locke, Sylvanus D. - Lockyer, N.
Folder 20 Lodge, George Cabot - Lomax, Harrison
Folders 21-22 London, A-Z. Includes correspondence with various scientific and professional organizations located in London.
Folder 23 Long, C. S. - Longstreet, Richard L.
Folder 1 Loomis, Lafayette G., 1898-1903. Concerning a possible legacy for the Smithsonian.
Folder 2 Lorch, E. P. - Loud, F. H.
Folder 3 Louisiana Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals - Loving, Lucas P.
Folder 4 Low, Edwin H. - Lucas, Frederic Augustus
Folder 5 Luce, William B., 1901-1902
Folder 6 Luchia, Louis N. - Luke, W. A.
Folder 7 Lumbard, J. H. - Lumsden, G. E.
Folder 8 Lunar photography, 1890-1893. Researchers should also consult the correspondence with Edward Singleton Holden (q.v.). There are lunar photographs in box 104.
Folder 9 Lund, J. Julius - Mabery, Charles F.
Folder 10 McAdie, Alexander, 1893-1907
Folder 11 McAdoo, William - McClung, James
Folder 12 McClure, Samuel Sidney, 1891-1903. Discussing publication of articles on scientific subjects, some from the Smithsonian by McClure's and some McClure's articles by the Smithsonian.
Folder 13 McClurg Co., A. C. - McCurdy, David G.
Folder 14 McDade, James E. - MacDuff, J. Bruce
Folder 15 McElmore, M. M. - McFarlane, C. T.
Folder 16 McGee, William John, 1893-1904. Concerning the work of the Bureau of American Ethnology in the last years of John Wesley Powell's life. McGee wanted to succeed Powell as Director and was greatly disappointed at the choice of William H. Holmes. He never forgave the Smithsonian the slight. See also record unit 45.
Folder 17 McGill, Sarah M. - McLaughlin, C. M.
Folder 18 McLennan, Evan, 1897-1900
Folder 1 Macmillan and Co., 1890-1903
Folder 2 MacMillan, Conway - MacPherson, W. H.
Folder 3 McPike, Eugene T., 1900-1906
Folder 4 Macrae, Nathaniel W. - Macy, W. A.
Folder 5 Maddren, A. G., 1904-1905. Concerning an expedition to Alaska in search of the remains of a mammoth.
Folder 6 Madox, C. Waldo - Magruder, William T.
Folder 7 Mahan, F. M. - Mallery, Garrick
Folder 8 Mallet, John William, 1894-1903
Folder 9 Mallory Co., C. M. - Maltby, L. C.
Folder 10 Manderson, Charles F. - Manker, C. A.
Folders 11-18 Manly, Charles Matthews, 1898-1906. Manly was an engineering aide to Langley and piloted the aerodrome on its failed flight attempt. This material discusses that project and includes drawings.
Folder 19 Mann, Albert - Manson, George J.
Folder 20 Manson, Marsden, 1891-1902
Folder 21 Mantia, Calogero - Manz Engraving Co.
Folder 1 Marcell, Marshall - Marcou, Jules
Folder 2 Marey, Etienne-Jules, 1895-1903. Concerning aeronautics.
Folder 3 Marfels, Carl, - Marsh, Julia N.
Folder 4 Marsh, Othniel Charles, 1895-1898
Folder 5 Marshall, William J. - Marti, C.
Folder 6 Martin, Artemas - Martin, W. H.
Folder 7 Marvin, C. F. - Mascart, E.
Folders 8-12 Mason, Otis Tufton, 1891-1906
Folder 13 Mason, S. Lamont - Massiou, E.
Folder 14 Mather, Frank Jewett, Jr. - Mather, J. H.
Folder 15 Mathews, John A., 1897-1898
Folder 16 Mathewson, James R. - Matthews, R. S.
Folder 17 Maurice Joyce Engraving Co., 1893-1906
Folder 18 Mauro, Philip - Mayer, A. C.
Folder 19 Mayer, Alfred M., 1892-1895
Folder 20 Mayer and Muller - "Mazamas"
Folder 21 Meacham, S. D. - Megoun, Frank
Folder 22 Meigs, Montgomery C., 1891-1895. A Regent and member of the Executive Committee.
Folder 23 Melbourne Public Library and Museum - Mencke, John B.
Folder 24 Mendenhall, Charles Elwood, 1898-1905. Concerning the work of the Astrophysical Observatory.
Folder 25 Mendenhall, Thomas Corwin, 1891-1901. President of Worcester Polytechnic Institute.
Folder 26 Mengoli, Giovanni - Meriden Gravure Co.
Folder 1 Merriam, Clinton Hart, 1892-1904. Concerning conservation and related topics.
Folder 2 Merrill, A. A., 1892-1903
Folder 3 Merrill, George Perkins, 1891-1906. Discussing work of the Department of Geology, United States National Museum.
Folder 4 Merrill, S. T. - Michelsen, Karl
Folder 5 Michelson, Albert Abraham, 1891-1898. Concerning Smithsonian aid to Michelson in his experiments on atomic weights.
Folder 6 Michie, Karl - Middleton, H. I.
Folder 7 Mider, J. T. - Miles, Nelson A.
Folder 8 Miller, A. I. - Miller, W. L.
Folder 9 Millican, J. A. - Minnich, C. S.
Folder 10 Minot, Charles S. - Mitchell, S. A.
Folder 11 Mitchell, Silas Weir, 1888-1907
Folder 12 Mitchell, T. R. - Moller, H. R.
Folders 13-14 Monier, Seitert, Pommeret, 1891-1900. A firm of French metalworkers which supplied Langley with various metal items for his experiments.
Folder 15 Monk, Wallace - Montgomery, M. J.
Folder 16 Montgomery & Co., 1895-1905. Tool and machinery manufacturers.
Folder 17 Montreal Society of Numismatics and Archeology - Mooney, W. E.
Folder 1 Moore, Alfred F., 1892-1902
Folder 2 Moore, A. C. - More, James B.
Folder 3 Moreau, Frederic - Morgan and Co., J. P.
Folders 4-6 Morley, Edward William, 1891-1902. Morley was a colleague of Albert A. Michelson (q.v.). This material concerns Smithsonian aid for Morley's study of the atomic weight of oxygen.
Folder 7 Morley, Isaac - Morris, J. F.
Folder 8 Morris, Martin F., 1879-1889, 1897-1899. Negotiations over surrender of the corpus of the Toner Fund.
Folder 9 Morris, M. L. - Morse, Edward L.
Folder 10 Morse, Harry W., 1905. Concerning spectroscopic studies.
Folder 11 Morse Twist Drill and Machine Co. - Moses, Alfred J.
Folder 12 Moses and Son, W. B., 1892-1901
Folder 13 Mosley, Woodson - Moss, Charles W.
Folder 14 Moth, Axel, 1894-1904. Concerning corrections and proofreading of A Bibliography of Chemistry by Henry Carrington Bolton (q.v.).
Folder 15 Motley, Wilfred R., 1902-1905. Includes drawings.
Folder 16 Mott, S. D. - Moyer, Mrs. F.
Folder 17 Mulertt, Hugo, 1901, 1906
Folder 18 Mullenhoff, Dr. Karl, 1902
Folder 19 Muller, H. C. - Mundy, Howard L.
Folders 20-21 Munn and Co., 1895-1905. Concerning Smithsonian business with Scientific American.
Folder 22 Munro, A. A. - Murdoch, Lindsay
Folder 23 Murdock, John, 1891-1892. Concerning his duties as Librarian.
Folder 1 Murlin, A. E. - Muscat, U. S. consulate in
Folder 2 Museum, United States National, 1892-1906
Folder 3 Museum, United States National. Buildings and labor, 1891-1901.
Folder 4 Museum, United States National. Copies of Acting Secretary's correspondence, 1895.
Folder 5 Museum, United States National. Letters from the Museum signed by the Secretary, 1889.
Folder 6 Museum, United States National. Lists of requisitioned employees, 1895.
Folder 7 Museum, United States National. Lists of officers and employees, 1898.
Folder 8 Museum, United States National. Memoranda, 1893-1894.
Folder 9 Museums Association - Myers, George Francis
Folder 10 Myers, G. W. - Mytton, Richard G. V.
Folder 11 Nachet, A. - Nash and Co., George
Folder 12 National Academy of Sciences, 1891-1906
Folder 13 National Academy of Sciences. North Magnetic Pole Commission, 1890-1892.
Folder 14 National Ammonia Company - National Geographic Society
Folder 15 National Historic Picture Guild, 1904
Folder 16 National Institute of Bibliography - National Tribune
Folders 17-20 National University, 1893-1906. Correspondence, news clippings, and pamphlets concerning efforts to create in Washington a university offering only graduate instruction.
Folder 21 Nature - Newbold, W.
Folders 1-2 Newcomb, Simon, 1891-1906. Concerning collaboration with the Smithsonian.
Folder 3 Newell, F. H. - New England Genealogical Society
Folders 4-5 New Era Printing Co., 1898-1906
Folder 6 Newfoundland, discovery of - Newton, W. T.
Folder 7 New York Academy of Sciences - New York Commercial
Folders 8-9 New York Customs House, 1891-1903
Folder 10 New York Engraving and Printing Co. - New York Oxygen Co.
Folder 11 New York Photogravure Co. - Neyens, Peter
Folder 12 Niagara Stamping and Tool Co. - Nicholson, W. F.
Folder 13 Nicholson, Walter L., 1892-1895
Folder 14 Nickelsen, Alette S. S. - Noguchi, Hideo
Folder 15 Norcross, O. W. - Nyland, A. A.
Folder 16 Oakes, Edward - O'Flynn, Richard
Folder 17 Ogan, Maude - Orton, Edward
Folder 1 Osborn, Henry Fairfield - Ott, Henry N.
Folder 2 Otto Gas Engine Works, 1895-1896
Folder 3 Oudin, Maurice - Oxford University
Folder 4 Pacific, Astronomical Society of the - Palache, Charles
Folder 5 Palermo (Italy), U. S. Consulate in - Paris: American University committee
Folder 6 Paris, Universal Exposition of 1900, 1899-1900
Folder 7 Paris societies, circa 1894-1902. Containing correspondence with various learned bodies headquartered in Paris, arranged alphabetically.
Folder 8 Paris, Commission Permanente Internationale d'Aeronautique, 1900-1904
Folder 9 Park College - Parks, Clifton A.
Folder 10 Parkhurst, John H., 1891-1900
Folder 11 Parmelee, K. W. - The Parthenon
Folder 12 Partridge, William Ordway, 1895-1898. Sculptor of the Smithson bas relief in Genoa; contains preliminary sketches.
Folder 13 Pasanisi, J. M. - Patcanof, S.
Folder 14 Patitz, Reinhold - Payne, William W.
Folder 15 Peace Jubilee - Pearson, H. W.
Folder 16 Pearson, Karl, 1899-1902. Concerning meteorological research.
Folder 1 Pearson, Thomas F. - Peine, B. O.
Folders 2-7 Peirce, Charles Sanders, 1894-1904
Folder 8 Peirce, Charles Sanders. "On Two Map Projections of the Lobatschewskian Plane," 1901.
Folder 9 Peirce, Charles Sanders. Translation from the German of Otto Mannesmann, "Measures of the Resistance of the Air...," n.d.
Folder 10 Peirce, Charles Sanders. "On the Meaning of the Words 'Laws of Nature' in Modern Scientific Thought," edited by Samuel P. Langley, circa 1901.
Folder 11 Peirce, Charles Sanders. Miscellaneous notes and calculations, undated.
Folder 12 Peirce, Herbert H. D., 1895-1898. Peirce was secretary of the United States Legation at St. Petersburg and obtained rock salt crystals from Russia for Langley's experimental work.
Folder 13 Peirce, John H. - Pennick, C. C.
Folder 14 Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts - Pennsylvania, University of
Folder 15 Penny, Will - Perry, Theodore
Folder 16 Pestell, Walter - Pfanneburg, Georg
Folder 17 Phelps, Frank B. - Philadelphia, Wilmington and Baltimore Railway Co.
Folder 18 Phillipp, Herbert - Phillips, P. Lee
Folder 1 Phillips, W. Hallett, 1891-1897
Folder 2 Phipps, Henry - Pick, R. F.
Folders 3-4 Pickering, Edward Charles, 1891-1901. Concerning various matters in astronomy. Pickering directed the Harvard College Observatory.
Folder 5 Pickering, John F., 1898-1899
Folder 6 Pickering, William Henry, 1892-1906. Chiefly concerning publication of a manuscript comparing certain features of the moon to geological features of Hawaii.
Folder 7 Pictet, Raoul - Pierce, George W.
Folder 8 Pierce, Josiah, Jr. - Pierson, George W.
Folder 9 Pike, Luther H. - Pilcher, Percy S.
Folder 10 Pinchot, Gifford, 1902-1903. Dealing with routine business, but see also record unit 45.
Folder 11 Pinkham, Ellis - Pittsburgh Motor Vehicle Co.
Folder 12 Pittsburgh Reduction Co. - Pittsburgh Testing Laboratory
Folder 13 Place, Elbert - Platt, Charles S.
Folder 14 Platt, Orville H., 1893-1906. A senatorial Regent.
Folder 15 Pleasants, William E. - Pollock, John
Folder 16 Pomeroy, Mabel W. - Pope, George C.
Folder 17 Pope Manufacturing Co., 1895-1899. Concerning Langley's efforts to secure an engine and related materials for his aerodrome experiments.
Folder 18 Popular Astronomy - Popular Science News
Folder 19 Porche, C. - Potbury, Jesse E.
Folder 20 Potomac Electric Power Co., 1902-1906
Folder 21 Potter, Aida B. - Powell, James R.
Folder 22 Powell, John Wesley, 1888-1906. Director of the Bureau of American Ethnology and a close personal friend of Secretary Langley.
Folder 23 Powell, Thomas - Powers Duplex Regulator Co.
Folder 1 Pratt & Whitney Co., 1891-1899. Concerning machine tools for use in aerodrome research.
Folder 2 The Prairie Farmer - Praul, John E.
Folder 3 Prentice Brothers Co. - The Press
Folder 4 Press clipping services, 1891-1908
Folder 5 Pressley, Mason W. - Pringsheim, E.
Folders 6-7 Printing, 1892-1905. Concerning articles selected for publication in Smithsonian series.
Folder 8 Pritchett, Henry S. - Progress of the World
Folders 9-12 Property clerk, 1892-1906. Concerning care of property belonging to the Institution.
Folder 13 The Prophetic Messenger - The Psychological Review
Folder 14 Publicity Bureau, 1901-1903. Concerning publicity for the Annual Report.
Folder 15 Pullman Co. - Putnam, F. W.
Folder 16 Putnam Sons, G. P., 1898-1903
Folder 17 Putnam, M. Z. - Pynchon, Edwin
Folder 1 Qualtrough, Frank- Quebec Literary and Historical Society
Folders 2-3 Quarterly statements: BAE, 1899-1906
Folder 4 Quarterly statements: International Exchanges, 1898-1906
Folders 5-7 Quarterly statements: National Museum, 1898-1906
Folder 8 Quarterly statements: Zoo, 1898-1906
Folders 9-12 Queen and Co., James, 1891-1902
Folder 13 Quelch, Bertram - Quisenberry, A. C.
Folder 14 Raddatz, R. - Radium: Austin, E. R. - Burrow, Walter B.
Folder 15 Radium: Calvert, W. - Hursh, George E.
Folder 16 Radium: Jewett, O. W. - Wynne, B. P.
Folder 17 Radotinsky, T. - Ramsay, W.
Folder 18 Ramsey, George M., 1891-1901
Folder 19 Ramseyer, C. W. - Rathbun, Mary Jane
Folders 1-9 Rathbun, Richard, 1896-1906. Rathbun was an assistant to Spencer Baird on the U. S. Fish Commission and joined the Smithsonian staff in 1880. He conducted much of the Fish Commission's work as well as assigned duties in the U. S. National Museum. He subsequently became Assistant Secretary in charge of the National Museum and so remained until his death in 1918. He was a close associate of Secretaries Baird, Langley, and Walcott.
Folder 10 Rattenbury, W. H. - Rauterberg, L.
Folders 11-13 Ravenel, William deC., 1896-1906. Concerning his duties as Administrative Assistant for the National Museum.
Folder 14 Ray, George W. - Rechhold, Dr.[?]
Folder 15 Records of the Past, 1904-1905
Folder 16 Recreation - Reed, P. J.
Folder 17 Reed, R. L., 1896-1906. Reed was one of Langley's principal aides on his aerodrome experiments.
Folder 18 Reed and Son Co., Samuel - Reeve, Sidney A.
Folder 1 Reichmann, F. - Reiff, Josiah C.
Folder 2 Reinwald & Co., C., 1893-1895
Folder 3 Remington Standard Typewriter - Republican Congressional Committee
Folder 4 Reuben, Levi - Reymershoffer, Charles
Folders 5-8 Rhees, William Jones, 1891-1906. For many years the Smithsonian's Chief Clerk. See also record units 64 and 7081.
Folder 9 Rheiner, David K. J. - Richardson, William A.
Folder 10 Richey, Norris A. - Ridgway, John L.
Folders 11-13 Ridgway, Robert, 1891-1894, 1898-1905. Mostly concerns Bendire's Life Histories of North American Birds.
Folder 14 Ridgeway, Thomas C., 1898-1906. He improperly used the Smithsonian's name to sell books.
Folder 15 Ried, Alma - Rinardy, Fey
Folder 16 Rinehart, Bentley F., 1895-1898. A skilled mechanic who worked on construction of a light-weight engine for the Langley aerodrome.
Folder 17 Ringwell, Hugh - Ristow, Lewis G.
Folder 18 Ritchey, G. W., 1902-1904. Concerning celestial photography.
Folder 1 Ritchie and Sons, E. S. - Ritter, Friedrich
Folder 2 Riverside Press, 1892-1898
Folder 3 Rivett-Carnac, J. H. - Roberts, E. W.
Folder 4 Roberts, W. F., 1892-1902
Folder 5 Robertson, George W. - Roche, William
Folder 6 Rochester Optical and Camera Co.- Rochon, Achille
Folders 7-8 Rockhill, William Woodville, 1892-1903. Discussing Smithsonian publication of his account of travel in Tibet.
Folder 9 Rodenbough, Theodore F. - Romanet, Joseph
Folder 10 Rome Observatory (Collegio Romano) - Rood, A. D.
Folder 11 Rood, Ogden N., 1896-1900. On various scientific topics.
Folder 12 Roome, William A. - Rooney, John J.
Folder 13 Roosevelt, Theodore, 1892-1901. Roosevelt was chiefly involved with the Institution when, as Vice-President, he was a Regent ex officio and when he became President. See also series 4 of this record unit and record unit 45 .
Folder 14 Root, Elihu - Rosenfield, Z.
Folder 15 Ross Ltd. - Rost Printing and Publishing Co.
Folder 16 Rotch, Abbott Lawrence, 1893-1904. Director of Harvard's Blue Hill Meteorological Observatory.
Folder 17 Rothschild, A. - Royal, Robert T.
Folder 18 Royce and Marean - Rueprecht, Albert
Folder 19 Ruhl, Robert W. - Russell, Thomas H.
Folder 20 Russian Geographical Society, Imperial - Russia: World's Columbian Exposition
Folder 21 Rutherford College - Ryneal, George
Folder 22 Sabin, Morris E. - Sadler, L. A.
Folder 23 Saegmuller, George N., 1891-1904. Supplier of optical scientific equipment to the Smithsonian.
Folder 1 Safford, Mary J. - St. Denis, W. H.
Folder 2 St. Gaudens, Augustus, 1892-1894. Concerning his commission to redesign the Smithsonian seal.
Folder 3 Saint Joseph Academy - Saint Nicholas Magazine
Folder 4 Salem Press, 1892-1895
Folder 5 Salisbury, Charles K. - Samuel, Frank
Folder 6 Samuelson, S. Arnold, 1905-1906. Concerning manned flight.
Folder 7 Sanderson, J. B. - Saussure, Henri De
Folder 8 Saussure, Rene De, 1894-1898. Concerning research on gyroscopes.
Folder 9 Savinien, L. P. - Scheurich, James J.
Folder 10 Schiavone, Mario - Schlaich, Kaspar
Folder 11 Schleicher Freres, 1896-1901. Agents for Smithsonian publications in France.
Folder 12 Schlesinger, Frank - Schott & Genossen
Folder 13 Schroeder, Eduard August - Schuchert, Charles
Folder 14 Schuermann, Charles W., 1891-1901
Folder 15 Schuk, Jacques, - Scientific Shop, The
Folder 16 Sclater, D. L. - Scovill and Adams Co.
Folder 17 Scribner's Sons, Charles - Scudder, H. E.
Folder 18 Scudder, Samuel H., 1891-1894
Folder 19 Seaman, William H. - Seidell, Atherton
Folder 1 Seismic apparatus, 1893-1894. Concerning exchange of seismic apparatus between the Japanese government and the Smithsonian Institution after the World's Columbian Exposition, Chicago.
Folder 2 Seismic apparatus. Pamphlets describing seismic apparatus, 1892, 1894.
Folder 3 Selden, F. J. - Sellars, L. H.
Folder 4 Sellers, Coleman, 1891-1904. Concerning various topics in astrophysics, flight, and other scientific subjects.
Folder 5 Sellers, M. B. - Seymour, J.
Folder 6 Seymour, Paul H., 1892-1894. Concerning topics in organic chemistry.
Folder 7 Shaler, Nathaniel Southgate, 1902-1905. Concerning Smithsonian publication of a volume on lunar photography.
Folder 8 Shapleigh, Waldron - Shearman, T. S. H.
Folder 9 Sheffield Museums Association - Shepstone, Harold J.
Folder 10 Sherborn, C. Davies, 1891-1896. Concerning publication of a work on foraminifera.
Folder 11 Sherer, Charles M. - Sherwood, William L.
Folders 12-13 Sherzer, W. H., 1904-1906. Concerning publication of his study of glaciation.
Folder 14 Shiels, S., 1891-1896
Folder 15 Shinn, Charles H., 1900-1901
Folders 16-18 Shipley, Marie Brown, 1898-1899. On her theories of the Viking discovery of North America.
Folder 19 Shipman, Asa L. - Shunk, William F.
Folder 20 Sickels, F. E. - Simonds Rolling Machine Co.
Folder 1 Simpson, Charles T. - Simpson, William E.
Folder 2 Sinclair, A. T., 1899-1906
Folder 3 Sinclair, C. H. - Slocum, Joshua
Folders 4-5 Smillie, Thomas W., 1891-1904. Smillie was, it seems, the Smithsonian's first official photographer and assisted Langley in the Astrophysical Observatory as well as his studies of bird flight.
Folder 6 Smith, Alfred - Smith, C. Michie
Folder 7 Smith, Donald A. - Smith, Frank
Folder 8 Smith, Franklin Webster, 1905
Folder 9 Smith, Goldwin - Smith, J. Warren
Folder 10 Smith, Linia - Smith, Will C.
Folder 11 Snead & Co. - Snyder, Mary J.
Folder 12 Socolow, Serge - Southern Pacific Milling Co.
Folder 13 Southern Printers Supply Co. - Spear, W. P.
Folder 14 Speiden, William L., 1893-1901
Folder 15 Speight-Humberstone, Mrs. C. E. - Spratt, Leonidas
Folder 16 Sprentall, A. E. - Springer, E. L.
Folder 17 Springer Torsion Balance Co.- Squires, Henry C. and Son
Folder 18 Stachely, John A. - Stanley, Stuart
Folder 19 Stanley, W. F., 1892-1895
Folder 20 Stanton, J. C. - Stefflre, Leon
Folders 21-22 Stein, Robert, 1893-1895, 1897-1904. Correspondence on various plans for exploration.
Folder 1 Stein, Stanislaus von - Stevens, Arthur L.
Folder 2 Stevens, Benjamin F., 1891-1898. Concerning historical research, mostly related to James Smithson.
Folder 3 Stevens, E. A. - Stevenson, David W.
Folders 4-6 Stevenson, Matilda Coxe, 1901-1902. Concerning a grievance over her employment at the Bureau of American Ethnology.
Folder 7 Stevenson, Robert - Stieubalger, S. A.
Folder 8 Stiles, C. W. - Stivers, R. M.
Folder 9 Stoakley, William S. - Stoner, J. B.
Folder 10 Stoney, Johnstone, 1901
Folder 11 Storm, J. E. - Strother, R. H.
Folder 12 Stuart, Joseph A. - Sturla, J. M.
Folder 13 Sturtevant and Co., B. F., 1893-1896
Folder 14 Stutz, [?] - Summers, F. A.
Folder 1 Sundberg, John C. - Sweet, C. E.
Folder 2 Swift, Ernest - Szold, Henrietta
Folder 3 Taber, Robert B. - Talbot, D. H.
Folder 4 Talbot, H. P., 1901-1902
Folder 5 Talfound, A. - Tavenner, Philip R.
Folder 6 Taylor, A. - Taylor, Fred T.
Folder 7 Taylor, G. C. - Teeter, C. N.
Folder 8 Teller, H. M. - Texas Historical Society
Folder 9 Thaw, William, Jr. - Thistlethwaite, Harriet
Folder 10 Thomas, Benjamin F. - Thomas, W. E.
Folder 11 Thompson, A. H. - Thompson, W. S.
Folder 12 Thomson, Frank - Thurman, J. S.
Folder 13 Thurston, Robert Henry, 1891-1903. Discussing various aspects of aerodromics.
Folder 14 Tiessen, E., 1901
Folders 15-17 Tiffany and Co., 1891-1906. Includes photographs.
Folder 18 Tiffany Glass & Decorating Co. - Toller, Samuel
Folder 19 Tompkins, Ernest - Torrey, A. O.
Folder 1 Tower, Beauchamp, 1899-1900. Correspondence on equipment needed for Langley's study of birds in flight.
Folder 2 Towne, Edward C. - Tripler, C. E.
Folder 3 Troemer, Henry - Trowbridge, Lawrence W.
Folder 4 Trubner, Karl J., 1892-1900
Folders 5-16 True, Frederick William, 1890-1906. Concerning True's duties in the U. S. National Museum.
Folder 1 Truslow, Edward - Tucker, C. C.
Folders 2-5 Tuckerman, Alfred, 1891-1896, 1898-1902. Concerning a study of mineral springs.
Folder 6 Tuckerman, Emil - Tyson, A. H.
Folder 7 Udden, J. A. - United States Fireproof Blank Book Co.
Folder 8 University Press - Van Dyke, Edward
Folder 9 Van Keuren, F. B. - Verwyst, Chrisostom
Folder 10 Very, Frank W., 1890-1902. Concerning various research projects in which Very aided Langley.
Folder 11 Vetromile, Eugenio, 1876-1879, 1904. Concerning American ethnology.
Folder 12 Viallon, A. - Vitoch, Louis J.
Folder 13 Voelkel, John - Vulte, H. T.
Folder 14 Wabash Railroad - Wainwright, Jacob T.
Folder 15 Wait, Frona Eunice, 1899-1902
Folder 16 Waite, Mary F. - Wakeley, Ebeneezer
Folders 17-18 Walcott, Charles D., 1892-1897. Concerning Walcott's relations with the Smithsonian while directing the U. S. Geological Survey and early efforts to attract him to the Smithsonian. Walcott did serve as acting Assistant Secretary for the National Museum from 1897 to 1898.
Folders 1-2 Walcott, Charles D., 1898-1904. Concerning subjects of mutual interest.
Folder 3 Walden, D. I. - Waldner, I.
Folder 4 Waldo Foundry, 1894-1895. Supplier of specialty metals for Langley's experiments.
Folder 5 Waldo, Frank - Waldsteen, Charles
Folder 6 Walker, Bryant, 1899
Folder 7 Walker, Ernest G. - Walker, Frank A.
Folder 8 Walker, James G., 1891-1895
Folder 9 Walker, John Brisbane - Walker and Co., William
Folders 10-11 Walker and Kepler, March-August 1895. Concerning electrical contracting for the Smithsonian Building.
Folder 12 Wallace, Ira M. - Wanner, Isaac
Folder 13 Ward, George W. - Ward and Co., Montgomery
Folder 14 Ward, Lester Frank, 1891-1905. Concerning Ward's avocation as a botanist; also containing a critique of Charles Sanders Peirce's essay on Hume and miracles (q.v.).
Folder 15 Ward, Shirley C. - Warne, E.
Folders 16-20 Warner and Swazey, 1891-1905. Concerning instruments ordered for Langley's experiments.
Folder 21 Washburn, F. L. - Washington Title Insurance Co.
Folder 22 Washington City Post Office, 1892-1898
Folder 23 Watase, S. - Watkins and Co.
Folder 24 Watkins, J. Elfreth, 1891. Concerning Watkins's duties as aide to Langley and other duties in the United States National Museum.
Folders 1-7 Watkins, J. Elfreth, 1892, 1895-1903
Folder 8 Watson, Clara - Watzelham, Joseph
Folder 9 Wead, Charles Kasson - Weisman, Edwin
Folder 10 Weiss, Paul - Welling, Clementine L. D.
Folders 11-12 Welling, James Clarke, 1891-1900. Smithsonian Regent.
Folder 13 Wells, Albert C. - Wernstedt, L. Von
Folders 14-16 Wesley and Son, William, 1891-1906
Folder 1 Wesson, W. B., Jr. - Westinghouse, Church, Kerr and Co.
Folder 2 Westinghouse Electric Co., 1892-1905. Concerning orders for electrical equipment.
Folder 3 Westlund, J. - Wheeler, Harvey C.
Folder 4 Wheeler, Joseph, 1891-1905. Regent and sometime Confederate cavalry officer.
Folder 5 Wheeler, W. F. - White, Alexander
Folder 6 White, Andrew D., 1891-1906. Smithsonian Regent and American Minister to Russia and Germany.
Folder 7 White, Charles A., 1898-1905. Concerning the mutation theories of Hugo DeVries.
Folder 8 White, J. W. - White, W. Fred
Folder 9 Whitehead, John - Wilbur, F. I.
Folder 10 Wilcox, Helen M., 1898-1900
Folder 11 Wilde, M. L. C. - Williams, Allen S.
Folder 12 Williams and Wilkins, 1901-1905
Folder 13 Williams Book Exchange - Williamson, George
Folder 14 Willige, J. Lewis, 1897-1903
Folder 15 Willing, Mrs. A. J. - Willsey, Joseph H.
Folder 16 Willyoung and Co., Elmer G., 1895-1899. Suppliers of electrical experimental apparatus.
Folder 17 Wilmot Hobbs Manufacturing Co. - Wilson, R. E.
Folder 18 Wilson, Thomas, 1892-1902. Concerning archeological topics.
Folder 1 Wilson, W. E. - Wilson, W. H.
Folder 2 Wilson, William L., 1891-1900. Regent.
Folder 3 Wilstach, John A. - Winlock, Alice B.
Folders 4-7 Winlock, William Crawford, 1890-1896. Assistant in charge of Office and Curator of Exchanges; a trusted assistant to Secretary Langley.
Folder 8 Winston, Charles H. - Winston, Frank H.
Folder 9 Winston Motor Carriage Co. - Witmer, C. K.
Folder 10 Wittman, Ernest, 1893-1901. Contains blueprints.
Folder 11 Woglom, Gilbert T. - Woodruff, Lewis B.
Folder 12 Woods, William Elliott, 1891-1905
Folder 13 Woods, William J. - Woodward, A.
Folder 14 Woodward, Robert S., 1892-1897. A geophysicist and topographer, Woodward was a consultant to the Smithsonian, especially during his service in the U. S. Geological Survey.
Folder 15 Woolf, W. A. - Wright, James W. A.
Folder 16 Wright, Joseph A., 1897, 1901-1906. Concerning publication of a dictionary of English dialects.
Folder 17 Wright, Wilbur, correspondence, May 30 (typescript copy only) and June 14, 1899; October 20 and November 7, 1902; April 17 and June 8, 1903. In the May 30, 1899, letter Wright asks Langley for papers published by the Smithsonian on flight, describing himself as "... an enthusiast but not a crank ..."
Folder 18 Wuthrich, J. R. - Wyoming, University of
Folder 19 Yale and Towne Manufacturing Co. - Yates, Lorenzo G.
Folder 20 York and Son, James M. - Young, Aaron
Folder 1 Young, C. A., 1891-1901
Folder 2 Young, Curtis Clay - Zadiera, Johann
Folder 3 Zahm, Albert F., 1892-1907. Concerning aeronautical topics.
Folder 4 Zangwill, Israel - Zuberbuchler, J. R.
Folder 5 Letters outside Smithsonian scope
Series 2Smithsonian Bureaus and Offices, 1891-1906.
The Smithsonian's administration during the period from 1891 to 1906 was organized around a basic division between the Smithsonian Institution, "the parent institution," as it was often called, and various bureaus which it operated as an agent of the federal government. The National Museum, the largest of the "federal" bureaus, is documented in separate record units. Because the original order of these records was destroyed in the past, it may be important for researchers to cross-check the main alphabetical series under the name of a Smithsonian staff member, rather than relying solely on the bureau records separately described here.
Board of Regents
Folder 6 Board of Regents, 1892-1906. Includes some material discussing selection of Langley's successor.
Folder 7 Board of Regents. Executive Committee, 1903-1907
Office of the Secretary
Folders 8-12 Langley, Samuel P., correspondence, 1889-1898. This correspondence is chiefly concerned with Langley's research in astrophysics and manned flight. Researchers should also consult the oversize holdings for related material. Oversize materials include drawings, blueprints, and photographs dealing with Langley's research in aeronautics. Box 70A contains photographs of an observation of a solar eclipse at Wadesboro, North Carolina, in 1900. The records dealing with Langley's research interests are mixed with correspondence about the details of institutional administration.
Folders 1-2 Photographs: Eclipse, Wadesboro, North Carolina, May 28, 1900
Folder 1 Langley, Samuel P., correspondence, 1893-1904
Folder 2 Assistant in Charge of Office, 1891, 1895, 1898, 1901
Folder 3 Regulations for filing correspondence, circa 1886-1900, and undated
Naples Zoological Station: The Naples Zoological Station, established by a German scientist, Anton Dohrn, provided laboratory facilities near Naples, Italy, where an international group of scientists could pursue research. Supporters of the Station, including the Smithsonian, could nominate scientists to occupy a "table" there for stays of varying duration. The Smithsonian filled its places by referring applicants to a panel of advisors for approval. This material deals with the early days of Smithsonian support and is arranged alphabetically by correspondent. See also record unit 45.
Folders 4-9 Agassiz, Alexander - Swingle, W. T.
Folder 1 Naples Zoological Station, Van Name, Willard G. - Wilson, H. V.
Folder 2 Correspondence with Anton Dohrn, director, 1893-1906
Folder 3 Administrative correspondence, 1892-1907
Folder 4 Memorials supporting continuation of a Smithsonian table, 1893, 1896
Folder 5 Photographs [1904?]
Folder 6 Nobel Prize, 1901-1905. Concerning nominations for the prize.
Folders 7-9 George P. Merrill's report on European museums, 1897. Containing an illustrated typescript and some drawings.
Astrophysical Observatory: The Astrophysical Observatory, later the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, was established in 1890 by Secretary Langley, a pioneer in astrophysics. Researchers should consult the Archives for related records and personal papers.
Folders 10-12 Correspondence and reports, 1893-1896
Folder 1 Astrophysical Observatory, Estimates, 1904-1906
Folders 2-3 Solar eclipse of 1900, January-September 1900
Folder 4 Child, Charles T., 1892-1901
Folders 5-6 Child, R. C., 1894-1904
Folders 7-9 Wadsworth, F. L. O., 1892-1896, 1900
Folders 10-11 Memoranda, 1895-1906
Folders 12-13 Secretary's research and instructions, 1895-1896
Bureau of American Ethnology: These records deal with the Bureau of American Ethnology from 1891 to 1906. The correspondence touches upon the difficulties which the Bureau and its director, John Wesley Powell, faced from an inquiring Congress, and upon the problems of fitting the Bureau into the Smithsonian's administrative structure. The records also document the decision to replace the deceased Powell with William H. Holmes rather than W. J. McGee.
Folders 1-19 Correspondence, 1891-September 1895
Folders 1-18 Bureau of American Ethnology, Correspondence, October 1895-June 1900
Folders 1-17 Bureau of American Ethnology, Correspondence, July 1900-December 1904
Folder 18 Bureau of American Ethnology, Explorations in Mexico, February- November 1904
Folders 1-8 Bureau of American Ethnology, Correspondence, 1905-1906
Folder 9 Bureau of American Ethnology, Time records, 1902-1903
Folder 10 Bureau of American Ethnology, Vouchers, 1902-1903
Folder 11 Bureau of American Ethnology, Operations, 1893-1906
Folder 12 Bureau of American Ethnology, Barnett Case, abstract of information concerning, circa 1902-1903
National Zoological Park: The National Zoological Park was created by Congress, largely at the instigation of Secretary Langley. These records are chiefly concerned with the acquisition of land for the NZP by the Commissioners created under authority of the act - the Secretary of the Interior, the President of the District of Columbia Board of Commissioners, and the Smithsonian's Secretary. Researchers will particularly wish to consult record unit 74 for more information on this topic.
Folder 1 Commissioners' correspondence, 1889-1891
Folders 2-3 Correspondence with government departments, 1891-1902
Folders 4-7 General correspondence, A-Y, dealing largely with land purchase negotiations and the purchase of animals
Folders 1-2 Office of International Exchanges, 1878-1890, and undated. Concerning various plans to change and improve the operations of the office.
Folders 3-6 William W. Karr embezzlement, 1888-1907, and undated
Series 3Records and Correspondence Relating to the Hodgkins Bequest and Prizes Subsequently Allocated from its Income, 1866-1916.
The Hodgkins Fund was created by a gift in 1891 from Thomas George Hodgkins, who directed that one-half its income be used to support research on atmospheric air in connection with the welfare of man. In 1893 the Smithsonian held its first competition for contributions to knowledge on this subject. In later years it also made direct grants from the Fund to support the research of specific scientists.
Thomas Hodgkins and his estate, 1866-1895
Folder 7 Thomas G. Hodgkins correspondence, circa 1866-1892. Includes numerous undated fragments.
Folder 8 Executor of Hodgkins estate, 1891-1903
Folder 9 Hodgkins estate, 1891-1895
Grants from the Hodgkins Fund, 1891-1916: The Smithsonian seems to have given individual grants and sponsored its prize competitions more or less simultaneously. It is sometimes difficult to be sure which records related to which endeavor. The following records seem to deal chiefly with applications for specific grants. A part of the file is missing.
Folder 1 Hodgkins Fund advisory committee, 1891-1896
Folder 2 Suggestions for use, 1893-1907
Folder 3 List of contestants, n.d.
Folder 4 Grants requested or proposed, 1897
Folder 5 Grants approved index, circa 1898-1906
Folder 6 Grants approved, outline of action, circa 1898-1907
Folder 7 Publications, 1896-1903
Folder 8 Committee members, n. d.
Folder 9 Grants applied for, circa 1893-1896
Folder 10 Coffin, Charles H. - Elderkin, John
Folder 11 Gardiner, C. F. - Haldane, J. S.
Folder 12 Hale, George E. - Hyde, James P.
Folder 13 Jackson, R. G. - Loydreau, M.
Folder 14 McAdie, Alexander - Parker, C. LeRoy
Folder 15 Pearson, S. Vere - Proctor, O. S.
Folder 1 Purifoy, S. W. - Royal Institution of Great Britain
Folder 2 Sheddan, T. W. - State Department
Folder 3 Stevens, F. L. - Sutro, Emil
Folder 4 Teeple, G. J. - Zuberbuhler, J. R. J. Of these files, some were segregated from the remainder, for reasons now unclear. Possibly they were considered more significant than the rest at the time.
Folder 5 Baly, Edward C. C., 1896-1899
Folder 6 Barus, Carl, 1895-1906
Folder 7 Bauer, L. A., 1892-1904
Folder 8 Bevier, Louis, 1899-1902
Folder 9 Billings, John Shaw and Bergey, David H., 1893-1898
Folder 10 Bradley, W. P., 1905-1908
Folder 11 Canovetti, C., 1900-1905
Folder 12 Eddy, William A., 1894-1903
Folder 13 Fergusson, Sterling Price, 1901-1908
Folder 14 Goode, George Brown, 1891-1895
Folder 15 Hallock, William, 1897-1904
Folder 1 Larsen, Alexander A., 1904-1906
Folder 2 Lummer and Pringsheim, 1892-1898
Folder 3 Manly, Charles Matthews, 1905-1907
Folder 4 Marey, Etienne-Jules, 1900-1903
Folder 5 Merrill, A. A., 1901-1902
Folder 6 Nichols, Edward L., 1906-1907
Folder 7 Pickering, William Henry, 1893-1901
Folder 8 Rotch, Abbott Lawrence, 1897-1906. Includes photographs.
Folder 9 Schleicher Freres, 1896-1902
Folders 10-11 Schumann, Victor, 1899-1904
Folder 12 Scripture, Edward Wheeler, 1903-1905, 1908, 1916
Folder 13 Travers, Morris W., 1902-1906
Folder 14 Von Ledenfeld, R., 1897-1907
Folder 15 Webster, Arthur G., 1894-1908
Folder 16 Zahm, Albert F., 1901-1904
Folders 1-2 Hodgkins correspondence, 1890-1893
Folder 3 Frank Hackett, 1893-1896
Folder 4 Medal for James Dewar, 1898-1899
Folder 5 Medal for J. J. Thomson, 1901-1902, 1905
The 1893 Essay Prize Competition, 1893-1907: In 1893 the Smithsonian announced a world-wide competition for a prize for the best essays on human knowledge of the nature and properties of air, or for practical applications of existing knowledge to the welfare of mankind. Contestants included both eminent scientists of the day and those drawn by a chance to expound novel theories and so win the ten thousand dollar prize.
Folder 6 Persons receiving circulars, 1893
Folder 7 Mailing list of competitors, 1897 and undated
Folder 8 Circulars (sampled)
Folder 9 Hodgkins numbers assigned, n.d.
Folder 10 Conditions and method of recommendation and approval of Hodgkins grants, n.d.
Folder 11 Rulings on questions raised, n.d.
Hodgkins Prize Papers Submitted for the 1893 Competition: In most cases each folder contains both correspondence and a copy of the intended prize essay. Some contain drawings, photographs, or copies of an author's other works. Some essays were returned at the author's request. Authors' names have been supplied when they could be determined with certainty. The rules of the competition allowed contestants to enter under a pseudonym; and some are listed here using that name, since no real name could be found. There is also a register of Hodgkins Fund correspondence, circa 1893-1897, in series 5.
Folder 12 Anonymous, 1894
Folder 13 Aries [Drake, Charles], 1894-1895
Folder 14 Baly, Edward C. C., 1894-1895
Folder 15 Bauernfeind, Carl Max von, 1894 
Folder 16 Bebber, W. J. van, 1893-1895
Folder 17 Benigni, Edvige, 1894
Folder 18 Bernheim, Samuel, circa 1894
Folder 19 Biazzi, Ferruccio, 1894
Folder 20 Billings, John Shaw; Mitchell, Silas Weir; and Bergey, David H., 1896, 1898
Folder 1 Biltz, Heinrich, 1895
Folder 2 Blasius, William, 1877-1894
Folder 3 Boerner, W. R., 1894-1895
Folder 4 Brun, Charles, 1894-1895
Folder 5 Bujwid, Odo, 1894
Folder 6 Bundy, Edward C., 1893-1895
Folder 7 Busch, Friedrich, 1893-1894
Folder 8 Calderwood, John E., 1894-1895
Folder 9 Canovetti, Cosimo, 1902
Folder 10 Chaigneau, Charles, 1893
Folder 11 Chamouin, Charles, 1894-1895
Folder 12 Chew, Charles F., 1893-1894
Folder 13 Chwolson, O., 1894
Folder 14 Clapsaddle, Elmer, 1893-1895
Folder 15 Clerc, Paul, 1894-1895
Folder 1 Cobb, S. J., 1894-1897
Folder 2 Cohen, Julius B., 1894-1897
Folder 3 Cohen, Solomon S., 1893-1906
Folder 4 Cordiero, F. J. B., 1893-1897
Folder 5 Corrigan, Severius J., 1894
Folder 6 Coutie, William, 1894-1897
Folder 7 Cross, Thomas, 1893-1895
Folder 8 Cruz, V. Garcia de la, 1895
Folder 9 Davis, W. M., 1893
Folder 10 Decazes, Vicomte, 1894
Folder 11 Delperier, J. B., 1894
Folder 12 Delprat, A., 1894-1895
Folder 13 Del Rico, Enrico, 1894-1895
Folder 14 De Penning, George A., 1893-1894
Folder 15 Dignat, P., 1893-1896
Folder 16 Dornbluth, Father, 1894-1896
Folder 17 Ducla, Victor, 1894-1895
Folder 1 Duclaux, E., 1894-1896
Folder 2 Duffy, Terrence, 1894-1896
Folder 3 Dunham, Sydney A., 1895-1896
Folder 4 Duponchel, A., 1894
Folder 5 Dupont, Alexandre, 1892, 1894
Folder 6 Egger, Fritz, 1893-1894
Folder 7 Elberling, Emil, 1893-1897
Folder 8 "Fais ce que dois, advienne que pourra."
Folder 9 Feeg, Otto, 1893-1896
Folder 10 Ferguson, George, 1895
Folder 11 Fleurot, [F.?], 1894-1895
Folder 12 Folin, Marquis de, 1894
Folder 13 Furey, G. W., 1894-1899
Folder 14 Garbett, E. L., 1890-1896
Folder 15 Gaverynski, Napoleon, 1892
Folder 16 "Geo." See series 5.
Folder 17 Gerland, Ernest, 1894
Folder 18 Hebert, Louis George, 1895
Folder 19 Hennig, Richard, 1894
Folder 20 Henri, Champier, 1893-1896
Folder 21 Heriot, T. H. P., 1893-1896
Folder 22 Herrera, Alfonso L., 1893-1900
Folder 23 Heysinger, Isaac W., 1894-1895
Folder 24 Hoffmann, Eugene, 1893-1895
Folder 25 Holden, Edward S., 1893-1895
Folder 26 Holmes, Cerelia P., 1893
Folder 27 Homen, Theodor, 1883
Folder 28 Hovent, Docteur, 1893-1895, 1901
Folder 29 Howard, W. H., 1893-1894
Folder 1 Hubbell, William Wheeler, 1894
Folder 2 Hull, Edward, 1895-1896
Folder 3 Hunter, A. S., 1894
Folder 4 Ilosvay [Ilosvary?], Ludwig vonNagy, 1894-1896
Folder 5 Jarvis, Mrs. F. M., 1894-1897
Folder 6 Jelliffe, Smith E., 1894-1896
Folder 7 Jenkins, B. G., 1894-1895
Folder 8 Jesse, O., 1894, 1896
Folder 9 Jewell, Lewis E., 1894-1895
Folder 10 Jobert, [M.], 1894-1895
Folder 11 Joffre, Jules, 1894, 1897
Folder 12 Jurgens, Rudolf, 1894-1895
Folder 13 Kassowitz, M., 1894-1895
Folder 14 Kautsky, Johann, 1894
Folder 15 Keyworth, George, 1893, 1895
Folder 16 Kijanizin, Tean, 1893-1895
Folder 17 Kirk, Hyland C., 1893-1896
Folder 18 Kleritz, Ljubomir, 1893-1895
Folder 19 Knorre, G. von, 1893-1894
Folder 20 Kobert, Rudolf, 1894
Folder 21 Kobylanski, Anton, 1894-1895
Folder 22 Kraus, Herman T. C., 1893-1897
Folder 23 Ladendorf, August, 1894-1895
Folder 24 Lantier, E., 1884, 1889, 1894-1895
Folder 25 Latham, Henry J., 1894-1896
Folder 26 Laudati, Giorgio, 1894-1895
Folder 27 LeDuc, A., 1890-1896
Folder 28 Lendenfeld, R., 1893-1894
Folder 29 Letts, E. A., 1894
Folder 1 Leyst, Ernst, 1894
Folder 2 Lipscomb, M. A., 1894-1895
Folder 3 Loewy, A., 1894-1897
Folder 4 Logan, David, 1894
Folder 5 Loud, F. H., 1891
Folder 6 Lummer, O., 1896-1897
Folder 7 Luxmore, C. M., 1894-1896
Folder 8 McAdie, Alexander, 1892-1897
Folder 9 McCahey, Peter, 1890-1906
Folder 10 Macdonald, William R., 1894-1897
Folder 11 McLean, James, 1893
Folder 12 McLennan, Evan, 1894-1896
Folder 13 MacLeod, Mary E. V., 1894-1897
Folder 14 Manson, Marsden, 1893-1894
Folder 15 Marcuse, Adolf, 1894-1896
Folder 16 Marsh, William S., 1893-1895
Folder 17 Masters, E. J., 1893-1895, 1906
Folder 18 Maxim, Hiram S., 1893-1895
Folder 19 Meerlender, Charles, 1893-1895
Folder 20 Meidinger, H., 1890-1895
Folder 21 Meltzer, S. J., 1893
Folder 22 Michaud, Gustave, 1893
Folder 1 Mohn, H., 1892
Folder 2 Moller, P. G., 1894-1895
Folder 3 Morris, Charles, 1894-1895
Folder 4 Nees, C., 1894-1898
Folder 5 Ohmann, Otto, 1894-1895
Folder 6 Oppenheimer, Franz and Carl, 1894-1897
Folder 7 Opperman, J., 1893-1894
Folder 8 Overzier, Ludwig, 1893-1896
Folder 9 Peters, Hermann, 1893-1895
Folder 10 Petersen, G. T., 1894-1895
Folder 11 Pfeiffer, H., 1894-1896
Folder 12 Pharos, A. J., 1895-1896
Folder 13 Phillips, Francis C., 1893-1895
Folder 14 Phipson, T. L., 1893-1895
Folder 15 Piltschikoff, M. N., 1892, 1894
Folder 16 Pinet, Adrien, 1894
Folder 17 Pomortzeff, Michael, 1894-1895
Folder 18 Rayleigh, John, Lord, and Ramsay, William, 1894-1896
Folder 19 Recknagel, G., 1894-1896
Folder 20 Remiddi, Romolo, 1894
Folder 1 Remsen, Ira, 1895
Folder 2 Reynolds, Warren U., 1893-1894
Folder 3 Rigaux, E., 1894-1895
Folder 4 Riley, John, 1894-1895
Folder 5 Rockwood, Elbert W., 1893-1896
Folder 6 Rogers, H. R., 1895-1898
Folder 7 Roster, Giorgio, 1885, 1894
Folder 8 Rougerie, P.-E., 1894
Folder 9 Royer, Clemence, 1894-1896
Folder 10 Rumble, William, 1893-1896
Folder 11 Rung, G., 1893-1894
Folder 12 Runge, C., and Kayser, H., 1893
Folder 13 Russell, Francis A. R., 1894-1897
Folder 14 Ryers, Reginald A., 1894-1896
Folder 15 Schmidt, Gustav, 1895-1897
Folder 16 Schorke, Alexander, 1894-1895
Folder 17 Scripture, Edward Wheeler, 1891-1894
Folder 18 Sexton, Samuel, 1886, 1893
Folders 19-20 Sheward, Richard, 1894-1896
Folder 21 Smart, Charles, 1894-1896
Folder 22 Snow, Irving M., 1894
Folder 1 Sohncke, Leonhard, 1889, 1892-1894
Folders 2-4 "Spes," 1894-1896, 1902 [Dex-Deburaux, Leo, and Dibos, Maurice]
Folder 5 Stow, Marietta L., 1893-1895
Folder 6 "Swjet i Tjma," 1894 [Pashkoff, T. I.]
Folder 7 Sztunkovics, Camillo, 1893-1895
Folder 8 Tews, Carl, 1893-1895
Folder 9 Thomas, W. Cave, 1894-1895
Folder 10 Thwaite, B. H., 1893-1894
Folder 1 Towne, Edward C., 1892-1895
Folder 2 Trotter, Spencer, 1894-1896
Folder 3 Udden, J. A., 1894
Folder 4 Varigny, Henry de, 1894-1897
Folder 5 Ventre, C., 1894-1896
Folder 6 Viault, T., 1894
Folder 7 "Videamus," 1894
Folders 8-9 Ville, Georges, 1894
Folder 10 Villedary, G., 1894-1895
Folder 11 Von Ledenfeld, R., and Mascha, E., n.d.
Folder 12 Wackenroder, Dr., 1893-1895
Folder 13 Wake, C. Staniland, 1893-1895
Folder 1 Walker, Joseph B., 1893-1895
Folder 2 Walthard, Dr. M., 1894-1895
Folder 3 Walther, Johannes, 1894-1895
Folder 4 Ward, William, 1892, 1895
Folder 5 Weitz, Max, 1893-1894
Folder 6 Wickersham, W., 1894-1895
Folder 7 Wiesner, J., 1892-1895
Folder 8 Wiggins, E. Stone, 1893-1896
Folder 9 Witkowski, A. W., 1891-1905
Folder 10 Witte, L. H., 1893-1903
Folder 11 Witz, Friderich, 1893, 1897
Folder 12 Woeikoff, A., 1893-1894
Folder 13 Zenger, Charles V., 1893-1902
Series 4Incoming Correspondence from Governmental Departments and Offices, 1872-1906.
This material consists of incoming correspondence from the various executive departments of the government, the Congress of the United States, and the Government of the District of Columbia. It is concerned with the routine details of government operation as they affected the Smithsonian Institution.
President of the United States
Folder 14 William McKinley, 1897-1900
Folder 15 Theodore Roosevelt, 1901-1906
Department of Agriculture
Folder 16 Office of the Secretary, 1891-1906
Folders 17-21 Weather Bureau, 1891-1906
Folder 22 Weather Bureau, Division of Accounts and Disbursements, 1900-1905
Folder 23 Weather Bureau, Mount Whitney, 1882-1883. Contains maps.
Folder 24 Other offices, 1892-1906
Department of Commerce and Labor
Folder 1 Fish Commission, 1892-1906
Folder 2 Lighthouse Board, 1900-1904
Folder 3 Labor Department, 1899-1901
Folder 4 Census Office, 1895-1906
Folder 5 Board of Geographic Names, 1895-1901
Folders 6-7 Coast and Geodetic Survey, 1891-1906
Folder 8 Disbursing Clerk, 1904-1906
Folder 9 Education Bureau, 1892-1903
Folder 10 General Land Office, 1890-1906
Folders 11-13 Geological Survey, 1892-1895, 1897-1905
Folder 14 Patent Office, 1893-1905
Folders 15-17 Office of the Secretary, 1892-1906
Folder 18 Inquiry on the term "Mongolian," 1906
Folder 19 Miscellaneous bureaus, 1897-1906
Department of Justice
Folder 1 Correspondence, 1894-1903
Department of the Navy
Folder 2 Hydrographic Office, 1892-1904, 1906
Folder 3 Naval Observatory reports, circa 1903. Concerning debates over the quality of its work.
Folder 4 Naval Observatory, 1891-1905
Folder 5 Office of Naval Intelligence, 1894-1898
Folder 6 Office of the Secretary, 1894-1906
Folder 7 Disbursing Office, 1900-1906
Folder 8 Miscellaneous offices, 1893-1903
Post Office Department
Folder 9 Postmaster General, 1894-1906
Folder 10 Assistant Postmaster General, 1891-1906
Folder 11 Chief Clerk, 1897-1906
Department of State
Folders 12-17 Correspondence, 1891-1897. Concerning topics of a routine nature transmitted from foreign governments by the department.
Folders 1-4 State Department, correspondence, 1898-1906. Concerning topics of a routine nature transmitted from foreign governments by the department.
Department of the Treasury
Folder 5 Auditor, 1895-1906
Folder 6 Comptroller, 1891-1906
Folder 7 Lighthouse Board, 1891-1904
Folder 8 Mint, 1893-1906
Folders 9-12 Office of the Secretary, 1891-1899, 1901-1906
Folder 13 Treasurer of the United States, 1891-1906
Folder 14 Miscellaneous offices, 1891-1906
Department of War
Folder 15 Adjutant General, 1899-1902
Folder 16 Board of Ordnance and Fortifications, 1901-1905. Concerning, among other topics, the Langley Aerodrome.
Folder 17 Chief of Engineers, 1891-1905
Folder 18 Disbursing Clerk, 1900-1906
Folders 19-20 Office of Public Buildings and Grounds, 1891-1906
Folder 1 War Department, Office of the Secretary, 1891-1904
Folder 2 Signal Office, 1891-1903
Folder 3 Surgeon General, 1891-1906
Folder 4 Miscellaneous offices, 1891-1906
Congress of the United States
Folder 5 House of Representatives: The Speaker, 1892-1900
Folder 6 Clerk's Office, 1893-1898
Folder 7 Appropriations Committee, 1893-1906
Folder 8 Public Lands Committee, 1900
Folder 9 Committee on Public Printing, 1891-1906
Folder 10 Other committees, 1892-1906
Folder 11 Senate: President Pro Tempore, 1897-1900
Folder 12 Secretary of the Senate, 1892-1906
Folder 13 Appropriations Committee, 1902-1906
Folder 14 District of Columbia Committee, 1898-1906
Folders 15-20 Government Printing Office, 1891-1906
Folder 21 Superintendent of Documents, 1895-1906
Folders 1-4 Library of Congress, 1891-1906
Folder 5 Library of Congress. Bernard R. Green, 1896-1904
Folder 6 Architect of the Capitol, 1889-1906
Government of the District of Columbia
Folder 7 District of Columbia, Commissioners, 1899-1904
Folder 8 United States Attorney for the District of Columbia, 1903-1906
Folder 9 Washington Aqueduct, 1897
Folder 10 Miscellaneous offices
Series 5Large Format Materials.
Supplementary Thermo-geographical Studies and Appendices
Appendices to Thermo-geographical Studies
Time Record for "O and F" Roll Employees, 1899
Register of Correspondence Relating to the First Hodgkins Prize Competition
Folder 1 Langley Houseboat, 1899 - Blueprints and drawings
Folder 2 Langley Houseboat, 1899 - Blueprints, drawings, and instructions
Series 6Card Index to Correspondence.