National Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Pacific Ocean Biological Survey Program field research records, 1961-1973 : fish and wildlife, reports and notes.

Usage Conditions Apply
The Smithsonian Institution Archives welcomes personal and educational use of its collections unless otherwise noted. For commercial uses, please contact

Narrow Your Results


Filter Your Results

Smithsonian Secretaries Information

Close Browse records and papers of the Smithsonian Secretaries, from 1846 until today. Pre-set filters help narrow searches by individuals who have held that office.

Expeditions Information

Close Browse records and papers documenting scientific and collecting expeditions either affiliated with the Smithsonian, or with which Smithsonian researchers participated. Pre-set filters help narrow searches by geographic regions predominantly represented in expedition records.

Professional Societies Information

Close Browse records of professional societies closely associated with the Smithsonian, that focus on areas of scientific research and museum studies. Pre-set filters help narrow searches by major topics and disciplines.


The Pacific Ocean Biological Survey Program (POBSP) was initiated in 1962 when the Smithsonian Institution entered into a grant agreement with the Department of Defense. From January 1963 through June 1969 Smithsonian Institution employees undertook biological surveys in an area of the Pacific Ocean spanning the equator and extending from latitude 30 degrees north to 10 degrees south and from longitude 150 degrees east to 180 degrees west, an area dotted with clusters of islands and atolls. The major goals of the program were to learn what plants and animals occurred on the islands, the seasonal variations in their numbers and reproductive activities, and the distribution and population of the pelagic birds of that area. Emphasis was placed on the banding of birds in an effort to determine migration, distribution, and abundance of pelagic sea birds. During the six and a half years of field work 1,800,000 birds were banded; approximately 150,000 observations of pelagic birds at sea were made; and biological surveys of varying intensity were made on several islands. The present folder contains printed notes on field trip that focused on pelagic birds and on seals. The first notes, by Raymond J. Kramer, are on a trip to Laysan Island to observe the local fauna and plants, focusing mainly on pelagic birds; it is dated from April 28 to May 1, 1959. The next field notes are on a trip of Woodside and Kramer dated from 1961 to the Northwestern Hawaiian islands, also on plants and birds. Lastly, the folder includes notes on a trip from 1963 to Laysan Island, extracted in September 1968 by R. B. Clapp from files of the Hawaiian Dept. of Fish and Game. The notes focus on seals and birds.

Date Range


Start Date

Apr 28, 1959

End Date


Access Information

Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at


  • Fishes--Hawaii
  • Animals
  • Sea birds--Hawaii
  • Zoology
  • Mammals--Hawaii
  • Birds
  • Seals (Animals)
  • Plants
  • Birds--Hawaii
  • Ornithology
  • Botany


  • Laysan Island
  • Northwestern Hawaiian Islands


  • Fieldbook record
  • Field notes
  • Research notes

Accession #

SIA Acc. 83-126

Collection name

National Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Pacific Ocean Biological Survey Program field research records, 1961-1973

Physical Description

1 folder

Physical Location

Smithsonian Institution Archives


Box 1, folder 19