Field notes : Mexico

ID: SIA RU007175

Creator: Peters, James Arthur, 1922-1972

Form/Genre: Fieldbook record

Date: 1949-1950

Citation: James A. Peters papers, and records of the Division of Reptiles and Amphibians : series 15, field notes, 1946-1965

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Abstract

In this item, Peters records collecting events taking place between 1949 and 1950. Some pages seem out of order in this unbound notebook. At the beginning of the item is a Gazetteer of location names with descriptions. Most of these locations are within the Mexican state of Michoacan. Peters writes almost daily entries which often include detailed descriptions of the plants, soil, and surrounding environment, travel time, elevations, and air and water temperatures when applicable. Also included in these accounts are lists of reptile and amphibian specimens collected. Other materials include lists of photos taken, supply lists and laundry lists. Many of the specimen entries towards the latter part of the field notes are prefaced with sketches of specimen with citations from published works. There are many of what seems to be detailed examinations of specimen, some include illustrations. Two possible citations are to the work of Edward Harrison Taylor and Hobart M. Smith. Includes some typewritten notes like "Key to Sceloporus to be found in Jalisco and Michoacan".

Date Range

1949-1950

Start Date

1949

End Date

Aug 19, 1950

Access Information

Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu.

Topic

  • Frogs
  • Animals
  • Herpetology
  • Lizards
  • Turtles
  • Herpetologists
  • Snakes

Place

  • La Barra de Navidad
  • Aquila
  • Ciudad de México
  • Michoacán
  • La Placita
  • Taxco de Alarcón
  • Coahuayana
  • Morelia
  • Maruata
  • Mexico
  • Guadalajara
  • Maquili
  • Jalisco
  • Colima, Nevado de
  • Mexico City

Form/Genre

  • Fieldbook record
  • Field notes
  • Diary
  • Scientific illustrations

Accession #

SIA RU007175

Collection name

James A. Peters papers, and records of the Division of Reptiles and Amphibians : series 15, field notes, 1946-1965

Physical Description

1 folder

Physical Location

Smithsonian Institution Archives

Sublocation

Box 49 Folder 4

[[underlined]] GAZETTEER [[/underlined]] 1. [[underlined]] COAHUAYANA [[/underlined]] - LARGEST TOWN IN SW PART OF AREA, ABOUT 4 KM E. OF THE RIO COAHUAYANA, AND 10 KM. N. OF THE OCEAN. 2. [[underlined]] BOCA DE APIZA [[/underlined]]: THE POINT AT WHICH THE RIO COAHUAYANA EMPTIES INTO THE OCEAN. THE RIVER IS SOMETIMES CALLED THE APIZA. 3. [[underlined]] SAN VICENTE [[/underlined]] - SMALL TOWN ON THE ROAD BETWEEN COAHUAYANA AND THE BOCA DE APIZA, ABOUT HALFWAY. POINT OF TURN OFF TO OJOS DE AQUA DE SAN TELMO. 4. [[underlined]] OJOS DE AQUA DE SAN TELMO [[/underlined]] - 4 HOUSES AT THE FOOT OF THE HILLS WHICH EXTEND OUT INTO THE OCEAN AND FROM THE POINT OF SAN JUAN DE LIMA. IT LIES JUST NORTH OF THE POINT WHERE THE BEACH TURNS WEST AFTER RUNNING N OF THE POINT. 5. [[underlined]] EL TIQUIZ [[/underlined]] - TOWN ESE OF SAN VICENTE, ABOUT HALFWAY TO THE OJOS DE AQUA. THIS IS FARTHEST POINT ONE CAN REACH BY TRUCK. 6. [[underlined]] LA PLACITA [[/underlined]]- TOWN ABOUT A QUARTER MILE FROM THE SEACOAST, AND ABOUT 5 MI. AROUND THE COAST TO THE WEST OF THE POINT DE SAN JUAN DE LIMA. CALLED SULATILLO ON AAF CHARTS. 20 FEET ABOVE SEA LEVEL. 7. [[underlined]] MAQUILI [[/underlined]] - A SMALL VILLAGE ON THE RIO AQUILA, ABOUT 2 HRS. N. OF LA PLACITA - MARKED "VILLAGE" ON AIR FORCE MAP. 8. [[underlined]] AQUILA [[/underlined]] - SEAT OF THE PRESIDENCIA OF THIS AREA, THIS IS THE LARGEST TOWN IN THIS VALLEY.- IT IS ALSO MARKED VILLAGE ON THE MAP (AAF). IT IS ABOUT 1 HR (I 3 - 4 MILES) FROM MAQUILI. 9. [[underlined]] OSTULA [[/underlined]] - SMALL TOWN IN THE [[insertion]] 1 [[underlined superscript]] st [[/underlined superscript]] [[/insertion]] VALLEY EAST OF LA PLACITA, AT ABOUT. 400 FEET ON THE RIO OSTULA. 10. POINT SAN TELMO - EL FARO IS THE LIGHTHOUSE ON THIS POINT, LABELLED P. TERUPAN ON AAF CHART. [[strikethrough]] [[?]] [[/strikethrough]] 11. BUSARIAS - BAY W. OF POINT SAN TELMO. 12. POMARO - VILLAGE 6 MILES NNE OF MARUATA, AAF CHART. 13. COIRE - " [[Ditto for: VILLAGE]] ± 5 " [[Ditto for: MILES]] N OF POMARO, MKD ON MAP. (RIO CORNILA) 14. MOTIN, RIO DE - 1 [[underlined superscript]] st [[/underlined superscript]] STREAM SHOWN ON MAP EAST OF P. SAN TELMO (RIO CORNILR) 15. RIO DE COLOTLAN - 2 [[underlined superscript]] ND [[/underlined superscript]] " " " " " " " " [[Ditto for: SHOWN ON MAP EAST OF P. SAN TELMO ]]
16. PLAYA DE COLOLA - BEACH BETWEEN MOTIN & COLOTLAN RIOS. 17. RIO DE LA COFRADIA DE COIRE - STREAM EMPTYING AT MATWATA. 18. [[strikthrough] ]COTOPILLOS DE [[/strikethrough]] SALITRE DE ESTOPILLAS - "VILLAGE" ± 10 MI. E OF OSTULA ON AAF MAP. 19. LAS [[strikethrough]] HE [[/strikethrough]] HIGARITAS RANCHO S. OF TEHUANTEPEC. 1 [[underlined superscript]] st [[/underlined superscript]] NIGHT STOP. 20. RIO AMALA - RIVER EMPTYING AT BUSARIAS (DRY). 21. SAN PEDRO DAMIAN - "VILLAGE" ± 10 MI. N. OF PUNTA LIZARDO ON AAF MAP. (P. LIZARDO IS MISLOCATED, INCIDENTALLY). ALSO [[strikethrough]] 22 [[/strikethrough]] CALLED NARANJESTILA. 22. RIO POMARO - 1 [[underlined superscript]] st [[/underlined superscript]] RIV. E OF MARUATO. 23. SAN JOSE DE LA MONTAÑA- "VILLAGE" ON AAF MAPS ± 15 MI. N. OF SAN PEDRO ALSO CALLED LA GUITARRA. 24. AFF SACASINUITE - FROGS CALLING, UNABLE TO IDENT. 1 [[underlined superscript]] st [[/underlined superscript]] BARRANCIO N. OF OCORLA. 25. OCORLA - 1/2 WAY POINT, SAN JOSE TO COALCOMAN.
6/27/50 PETERS. COASTAL HABITAT. JUNE 27, 1950 - AT MOUTH OF RIO COAHUAYANA, ABOUT 10 KM. S. OF CITY OF COAHUAYANA, SEA LEVEL. RIGHT AT THE BEACH THERE ARE COCONUT PALMS, GROWING IN A BEACH WHICH SEEMS TO BE PARTIALLY OR ENTIRELY COMPOSED OF VOLCANIC SEDIMENTS, ASH, PRIMARILY. IT IS A VERY BLACK COLOR. THERE IS A LARGE LAGOON IMMEDIATELY BEHIND THE BAR ON WHICH WE CAMPED, WHICH IS QUITE BRACKISH, BUT IS SWEETENED BY THE H2O FROM THE RIVER. THE THORN SCRUB BEGINS ABOUT 50 - 75 FEET BACK OF THE BEACH LINE, AND CONTINUES WHEREVER IT HAS BEEN ALLOWED TO SURVIVE CLEAR BACK TO THE TOWN OF [[strikethrough]] CO [[/strikethrough]] COAHUAYANA, WHICH IS QUITE LOW. I WALKED WEST OF C. AS FAR AS THE RIVER, WHICH IS ABOUT 4 - 5 KILOMETERS, AND ALSO SAW ALL THE COUNTRY BETWEEN THE BEACH & C., AND IT IS ALL THE SAME TYPE OF SCRUB. THERE ARE A FEW FIG TREES, QUITE A BIT OF ORGAN PIPE CACTUS AND ALSO A LOT OF THE FLAT, ROUND CACTUS, WHICH WAS IN BLOOM (OCOTILLO?). WHERE IT HAS BEEN CLEARED FOR CROPPING, COCONUT PALMS AND BANANAS ARE GROWN. THERE IS LITTLE WATER IN THE AREA, EXCEPT FOR SOME LOW, RATHER SWAMPY OR BOGGY AREAS. SCATTERED THRU OUT THE AREA ARE LARGE GROUND GROWING BROMELIACEUS PLANTS, OF THE TYPE, WHICH AS LONG, THIN, SPIKE LIKE LEAVES - 6 - 8 FEET LONG, WITH MUCH REDNESS AT THE BASES OF THE OTHERWISE GREENISH LEAVES. THERE ARE ALSO BROMELIADS OF THE SMALL, NARROW LEAVED, LITTLE WATER TYPE IN THE TREES, MANY OF THE TREES ARE HEAVILY FESTOONED WITH VINES, AND THE UNDERBRUSH IS HEAVY AND THORNY, WHICH ALL COMBINES TO MAKE THE MASS IMPENETRABLE, ON OCCASION. FROM WHERE WE ARE CAMPED, IT IS POSSIBLE TO SEE THE POINT OF SAN JUAN JUTTING OUT INTO THE OCEAN, TO THE EAST. IT HAS A CHARACTERISTIC LIMESTONE WHITISH ABOUT IT, WHERE IT IS BARE OF VEGETATION. IT IS CONSIDERABLY HIGHER THAN ANY OF THE COUNTRY ABOUT IT AND THE THORN SCRUB SEEMS TO CONTINUE RIGHT AROUND TO IT.
[[strikeout]]THE SOILS OF THE COASTAL HABITAT[[/strikeout]]
PETERS July 2, 1950. THE ROAD FROM SAN VINCENTE TO TEQUIZ PASSES THRU AN EXTENSIVE GROVE OF THE CERIAN TREE (THE CALABASH TREE WHICH HAS LEAVES AND FRUIT ON THE BRANCHES.) THIS IS REPLACED BY A SERIES OF CULTIVATED FIELDS, AND JUST OUTSIDE EL TEQUIZ IS A LARGE THORN THICKET, OF ABOUT THE SAME STUFF AS THE REST OF THE COASTAL STRIP. FROM TEQUIZ TO OTOS DE AQUA DE SAN TELMO THE ROAD IS PRIMARILY THRU AND ALONG CULTIVATED FIELDS, WITH SOME FICUS AND MIMOSA, SPOTTY. A SHORT DISTANCE WEST OF THE OJOS, ALONG WITH A SLIGHT RISE INTO THE FOOTHILLS WHICH RUN DOWN TO THE OCEAN HERE, A TREMENDOUS OIL PALM FOREST BEGINS, AND RUNS UP TO THE FEW HOUSES OF OJO DE AGUA DE S.T. THERE ARE SEVERAL SPRINGS HERE, AND THE VEGETATION IS RATHER MORE HEAVY, WITH ELEPHANT EARS ALONG THE SMALL STREAMS. THE OIL PALMS ARE FOUND UP AND INTO THESE FOOTHILLS FOR QUITE A WAYS, ONLY WHERE THE GROUND IS FLAT FOR A SPACE. THE ROAD FROM OJOS TO LA PLACITA IS QUITE LONG, AND RUNS DOWN TO ALMOST THE TIP OF THE POINT OF SAN JUAN DE LIMA, CROSSING THE OUTLIERS TWICE ON THE WAY DOWN, THEN ACROSS THE MIDDLE, AND BACK UP THE OTHER SIDE, AGAIN CROSSING TWO OUTLIERS (AT LEAST). THEY GRADE INTO EACH OTHER QUITE A BIT. THESE OUTLYING FOOTHILLS OF THE SIERRA ARE PRINCIPALLY LIMESTONE AND OCCASIONAL SINKS WERE SEEN. CTENOSAURS + SCELOP. PYROCEPHALUS WERE COMMON IN THE LIMESTONE, ALONG WITH TERIDS. THE VEGETATION ON THE SLOPES WAS QUITE DIFFERENT, WITH A LOT MORE LONG GREEN UNDERBRUSH, AND A TALL, [[strikeout]] RATHER GNARLED TREE WITH A PEELING BARK PREDOMINATED. THE TRIP WAS FINISHED IN THE DARK - THE LAST OUTLIER AND THE BEACH LEG, AS WELL AS A FAIRLY DEEP PENETRATION INTO THE COASTAL THICKET. THE SIERRA OUTLIERS DROP STEEPLY INTO THE OCEAN, AND LACK ANY BEACH WHATSOEVER.
JULY 12, 1950 J.R. PETERS. RODE TO AQUILA, VIA MAQUILI, LEAVING HERE AT 11:00 AND RETURNING AT 2000. THE TRAIL FOLLOWS THE VALLEY OF THE RIO AQUILA, WHERE IT FORDS 8 TIMES. THERE IS A SLIGHT GRADIENT UPWARDS THE WHOLE WAY, WITH ONE FAIRLY LONG CLIMB. I WOULD GUESS AQUILA'S ALTITUDE TO BE ABOUT 250 FEET. THE RIVER WINDS BETWEEN FAIRLY HIGH MOUNTAINS, AND AQUILA IS AT THE FOOT OF TWO GOOD SIZED HILLS, BOTH OVER A 1000 FEET, I WOULD JUDGE. THE MOUNTAINS ARE WELL COVERED WITH VEGETATION, WITH MANY LARGE TREES, SUCH AS CEIBA, FICUS, AND WHAT BRAND CALLED "CUAYOTE", A LARGE TREE WITH A RED BROWN TINGE TO MUCH OF THE, PEELING BARK. THE TREES ARE COVERED WITH LIANAS AND THICK VINE GROWTH,WITH MUCH VITIS, AND THE UNDERGROWTH IS VERY THICK, AND VERDANT. ELEPHANT EARS AND "MALA MUTERE" ABOUNDS ALONG THE EDGES OF SMALL STREAMS FEEDING OR BYPASSED FROM THE RIVER. THORN BUSH (ACACIA-MIMOSA) IS NOT ABSENT, BUT IT IS VERY SCATTERED, AND NOT AT ALL PROMINENT OR DOMINANT. THE LARGE TREES, SUCH AS FICUS AND CEIBA DOMINATE. THERE ARE TREMENDOUS LIMESTONE OUTCROPS ALL THROUGH THE VALLEY, WITH MANY LARGE BOULDERS SCATTERED ABOUT. THERE HAS BEEN SOME IGNEOUS INTRUSION INTO THE LIMESTONE. THERE IS QUITE A BIT OF GRANITE. THE HILLS ARE PRIMARILY OF TILTED LIMETONES, HOWEVER, WITH THE TILT LINES CLEARLY INDICATED AT SEVERAL POINTS OF LANDSLIDES. I CAUGHT A TRUPIDODIPSAS [[INSERTION]](SIBON SIBON)[[/INSERTION]] IN THE BASE OF AN ELEPHANT EAR ALONG A SMALL BRANCH OF THE RIVER ABOUT 1 MI. S. OF AQUILA. ALSO FOUND A MANOCEATS DOR IN THE TRAIL BETWEEN LA PLACITA AND MAQUILI, ABOUT 1 1/2 MI. S. OF MAQUILI. CTENOSAURAS WERE ALONG THE WHOLE TRAIL, AND I SAW A MONSTER, WITH THE LIGHT AREAS ON THE SHOULDERS, ON A WALL ON THE BORDER OF AQUILA. S. PYROCEPHALUS ABOUNDED ON THE LIMESTONE, S. NORRIDUS WAS COMMON ALONG THE LOGS AND ROCKS IN THE STREAM BEDS, [[STRIKEOUT]] AS WAS THE SCELOP WHICH IS PYROCEPHALUS WITHOUT THE RED HEAD. BASILISKS WERE ALONG THE RIVER CLEAR TO AQUILA, AND THE SAME TEIDS THAT I FOUND ON THE BEACH ARE COMMON ALSO.
JULY 14, 1950 J.A. PETERS [[underline]]COASTAL HABITAT[[/underline]] THE SOILS OF THE COAST ARE PRIMARILY SAND AND SANDY CLAY. THE BEACH ITSELF IS PURE SAND, AND THE THORN SCRUB FINDS ITS GREATEST GROWTH AND DOMINANCE ON THE SAND. THE SAND BLACKENS SOMEWHAT BACK FROM THE BEACH, PROBABLY DUE TO HUMUS AND PERHAPS SOME VOLCANIC ASH. THIS SEEMS TO BE GOOD SOIL FOR THE COCONUT PALM, AND PINEAPPLES ARE ALSO GROWN IN IT. BACK STILL FARTHER IS SANDY CLAY, WHICH IS SOMEWHAT REDDISH IN COLOR. THIS IS THE SOIL OF THE 2[[underlined superscript]]nd[[/underlined superscript]] OF THE COASTAL HABITATS, IN WHICH CAESELPINEA AND A BUSHY SHRUB [[strikeout]]WITH SMALL GREEN BERRIES DOMINATE. IN THIS HABITAT ARE ALSO THORN TREES, CATSCLAW, MIMOSA-ACACIA LIKE TREES, ORGAN PIPE CACTUS, AND THE SMALL FLAT CACTUS. IN THE FOOTHILLS OF THE SIERRA, WHICH RISE ONLY A SHORT DISTANCE BEHIND LA PLACITA, THE SOILS HAVE MUCH LIME FROM THE LIMESTONE OF THE HILLS. THERE IS A SMALL AMOUNT OF ALLUVIUM ALONG THE RIO AQUILA, BUT NOT MUCH.
[[calculations written midway down page against lines on a slant from lower left corner to upper right]] 15 1/2 Mi TO INCH. 5280 12 _______ 11560 52,80 _______ 64,360 IN.IN MI. 64,000 _________[[underline]]15.6[[/underline]] |1,000,000 640 00 __________ 360 000 320 000 __________ 400000 22 MI SE OP C.M.P. 12 MI. N. OF SAN TELMO. [[ARROW]]
7/17/50 PETERS [[underline]]OSTULA MICHOACAN[[/underline]] THIS LOCALITY WAS REACHED JULY 13, 1950, AFTER A 7 HOUR PACK TRIP FROM LA PLACITA, WHICH IS ABOUT 10 MILES, AS THE CROW FLIES, TO THE WEST. THE TOWN IS ON THE RIO OSTULA AT ABOUT 400+ FEET. IT IS IN A NARROW VALLEY, AND HILLS RISE ON ALL SIDES OF THE TOWN. THE TOWN IS SMALL, AND SUPPLIES ARE NON-EXISTENT. WE GOT PLENTY OF FOOD, HOWEVER, DUE TO BRAND'S INTRODUCTORY LETTERS. THE PEOPLE WERE FRIENDLY, AND WE HAD NO DIFFICULTIES AT ALL. THE FIRST GOOD HEAVY RAIN OF THE YEAR FELL ON THIS VALLEY THE AFTERNOON OF THE 14[[underlined superscript]]TH[[/underlined superscript]]. IT RAINED VERY HARD THAT AFTER-NOON, STOPPED FOR A WHILE IN THE EVENING, AND THEN POURED LITERALLY BUCKETS ALL THE FIRST HALF OF THE NIGHT. THIS STORM BROUGHT OUT MANY FROGS, AND SEVERAL SPECIES CAN HAVE THEIR BREEDING SEASON FOR 1950 IN THIS VALLEY DATED JULY 14-15, 1950. THE WATER FROM THE RAIN FILLED THE STREETS, [[STRIKEOUT]] DITCHES AND FIELDS OF THE TOWN, AND FLOWED VERY FAST. IT WAS INCHES DEEP ALL OVER, THE TOWN. I GOT DIAGLENA, SMILISCA, BUFO AS A RESULT, BEFORE I GOT COMPLETELY SOAKED, STORER FOUND A CHORUS OF HYLA IN THE MTS. THE NEXT DAY WHICH WAS UNDOUBTEDLY A RESULT ALSO OF THE RAIN. I FOUND FOAM NESTS THE SAME DAY IN A POOL FORMED BY [[STRIKEOUT]] SPRINGS VERY NEAR THE RIVER, WITH EGGS IN THEM WHICH HAD NOT STARTED TO DEVELOP. [[underline]]LEPTODACTYLUS[[/underline]] WAS ALSO IN THIS POOL, AND WERE POSSIBLY THE FOAMERS, ALTIMA RECENTLY TRANSFORMED FROGS OF THIS GENUS WERE COLLECTED AT THE SAME PLACE. THE FOAM NEST WAS ABOUT AS BIG AS MY FIST, AND WAS PLACED IN THE WEEDS [[STRIKEOUT]] RIGHT ON THE EDGE OF THE WATER. THE FOAM WAS THICK AND VISCOUS, AND FELT MUCH LIKE MARSHMALLOW TOPPING FOR ICE CREAM. THERE WERE MANY AIR BUBBLES TRAPPED THROUGHOUT IT, AND THESE BUBBLES WERE VERY HARD TO BREAK. THE EGGS WERE IN PRETTY MUCH OF A MASS IN THE CENTER OF THE FOAM. THE VALLEY OF OSTULA IS QUITE WELL WATERED, WITH MANY SPRINGS IN THE LIMESTONE AND GRANITE HILLS WHICH ARE COVERED WITH A VERY VERDANT VEGETATION. DECIDUOUS TREES AND
SHRUBS PREDOMINATE, WITH MUCH CAESALPINEA AND SO ON BUT ORGAN PIPE CACTUS AND OPUNTIA ARE STILL PRESENT, AS IS THE THORN SCRUB, WITH ITS CATSCLAWS, MIMOSAS AND ACACIAS. THE VEGETATION IS REALLY NOT OUTSTANDINGLY DIFFERENT FROM THAT ABOUT LA PLACITA, WHICH IS AT 25 FEET. I SAW NO DISTINCT CHANGES IN FAUNA, EITHER, AS I FOUND MOST OF THE LIZARDS + SO ON THERE AS IN L.P. THE HILLS ARE LIMESTONE AND GRANITES, WITH SOME IGNEOUS INTRUSIONS. THE SOILS ARE SAND OR SANDY CLAYS WITH MUCH BOULDER AND ROCK DEPOSITION. [[middle of page on a slant lower left to upper right]] [[underline]]GAMARILLA[[/underline]] FALSE CORAL SNAKE.
[[blank creased page with worn hole in centre]]
[[upper left quadrant of page]] LAUNDRY- COLIMA, JULY 20, 1950 3 SHIRTS 2 TOWELS 4 UNDERSHIRTS 3 SHORTS 2 HANDKER. 4 PR. SOCKS 2 PR. PANTS [[upside down]] 1,212 325 _________ OFF.ALT. OF COALCOMAN 6060 2424 3636 ___________ 3,93900 1076 325 _________ 5380 2152 3228 __________ 349700 [[right half side of page]] [[on slant lower left to upper right]] COAHY-JULY 10 DRY MARC. 2070MM 365MM. [[/on slant lower left to upper right]] BUFO MARINUS 675 g. COLIMA, JULY 27. COLIMA - 9:47 HILLS 3/4 - 4/5 CLEARED VILLA VICTORIA -1015 ± HIGH SIERRA 5 OF V.V. ALMOST ALL BARRANCAS HAVE [[INSERTION]] TREES [[/INSERTION]] STEEP HILLS 40 ± MILES ENE VILLA V. FORESTED TOTO By WHICH LOOKS TO BE ABOUT 7000. VERY FEW SLOPES CLEARED. WATER IN BARRANCAS. CLEAR SLOPES QUITE STONY. LITTLE HABITATION. VERY SCATTERED PLOWED FIELDS. SOME TERRACING. PINES AT ABOUT 5000. COAL. IN FLAT VALLEY SURROUNDED BY MTS. WELL FARMED VALLEY COALCOMAN - 1025 AIRPLANE ALTIMETER-3000'
AUG. 4, 1950 PETERS COALCOMAN, MICHOACAN. SPENT 8 DAYS HERE, FLYING IN JULY 27 FROM COLIMA, A 45 MINUTE FLIGHT. THE CITY IS SET IN A BROAD VALLEY AT ABOUT 3200 FEET BY MY ALTIMETER. LOCAL RECINDS CLAIM 3900 FEET FOR THE TOWN, 3500 SEEMS A LITTLE CLOSER TO ACCURATE. THE VALLEY IS WELL WATERED, AND ALMOST THE ENTIRE FLOOR IS UNDER CULTIVATION, AS WELL AS A LARGE PORTION OF THE HILLS SURROUNDING IT ARE ALSO CLEARED AND CULTIVATED. THERE IS ALMOST NO ORIGINAL FOREST LEFT IN THE ENTIRE COALCOMAN AREA, AND MOST OF THE HILLSIDE VEGETATION IS SCRUBBY AND SECOND OR THIRD GROWTH. THERE ARE OAKS IN THE VALLEY RED PINES ABOVE ABOUT 3700-4000 FEET. THE FAUNA OF THE FLOOR OF VALLEY SHOWS A [[STRIKEOUT]] STRONG SIMILARITY WITH THAT OF THE LOWLANDS, AND THERE IS QUITE A BIT OF THORN BUSH AND SO ON [[STRIKEOUT]] THERE. THERE SEEMS TO BE QUITE A CHANGE AS ONE CLIMBS THE HILLS HEREABOUTS, HOWEVER, AND IT IS POSSIBLE TO GO UP TO 4500-5000 FEET WITHIN 5 MILES OF TOWN, I WOULD JUDGE. FIRST ONE ENTERS MORE [[INSERTION]] BROADLEAF [[/INSERTION]] DECIDUOUS TYPE FOREST, WITH THE THINNING OF THE ACACIAS(MIMOSAS?) AND OTHER THORNY THINGS, AND FINALLY INTO SCATTERED PINES. I'VE SEEN ONLY ONE REALLY GOOD PINE STAND, AT LOS RANCHOS, ON THE AQUILA HIGHWAY (ABOUT 1/4 MI. NW). THERE PINES ARE THICK EVEN ON THE E. SLOPES TO COVER THE GROUND WITH NEEDLES. THERE ARE MANY, MANY ROCKS AND BOULDERS ON THE HILLSIDES, PRINCIPALLY FROM EXFOLIATING LIMESTONES. ALL OF THE HILLS HERE ARE OF LIMESTONE ORIGIN, AND ARE TREMENDOUSLY FOLDED AND FAULTED. THEY ARE QUITE FOSSILIFEROUS. THE SOIL IS STILL A REDDISH SANDY CLAY, WITH PROBABLY A HIGH LIME CONTENT. THERE ARE CAVES IN THE LIMESTONE, SOME OF THEM SUPPOSEDLY QUITE LARGE. THERE ARE ALSO MANY SPRINGS AND STREAMS IN THE HILLS, ALTHO APPARENTLY MANY OF THEM DRY UP IN THE DRY SEASON.
SNAILS ± 4 MI. SW OF TEHUANTEPEC CENTIPEDES - LA NOGACERA BTWN TEHUAN + COIRE AUG. 4 - COALCOMAN TO LA CIGARATAS, ± 4 MI. SW OF TEHUANTEPEC 5HRS. AUG. 5 - ESTOPILAS DE SALITRE, 7 HRS. AUG. 6 - COIRE, 5 HRS. TRAILS ALL RUN OVER A FANTASTIC SERIES OF HILLS, AND WE SPENT A LOT OF TIME IN PINE OAK FOREST. THE HILLS BETWEEN COALCOMAN AND SALITRE ARE FAIRLY WELL WATERED, WITH LOTS OF SPRINGS, BUT THE TRAIL BETWEEN SALITRE & COIRE IS ENTIRELY DRY. COLLECTED IN VALLEY OF ESTOPILAS DE SALITRE AUG. 05-6. BESIDES THINGS COLLECTED ALSO SAW ANOLIS & ANOTHER SCELAP I DIDN'T GET. BRAND WENT UP ON TOP OF THE HILLS TO THE N AND VISITED A GOOD SIZED COLD WATER LAKE WHICH HAD TURTLES IN IT, AND HE ALSO SAW A 'BASILISK ON THE SHORE. GOT A PAIR OF [[AGALYCHNIS]] CLASPING ON DRY LAND [[PART OF 6]] [[WATER MARK]] PICTURES II -1- GIRL CORNET BAND, COALCAMAN II 2- CERRANATA - COALCAMAN. II 3- CERRANATA - " II 4- START OF TRIP TO SEA, AUG. 4. II 5- VALLEY OF COALCAMAN. II 6- ? [[STRIKEOUT]] MTS BETWEEN COALCO. & TENUANTEPEC.?? II 7- SUNSET & HILLS WITH CLOUDS, AUG. 5. II 8- PINE-OAK FOREST, BETWEEN TENUANTEPEC + SALITRE II 9- BUSARIAS, SAN JUAN DE LIMA IN BACK f 6.3 1/50 [[camera settings]] II 10- SUNSET FROM LIGHTHOUSE- f 3.5 at 1/25 [[camera settings]] AUG. 7- LIGHTHOUSE, POINT SAN TELMO. 1/2 MI. BEACH, 472 TURTLE TRACKS 4 DEAD TURTLES AUG 8- BEACH AT MARUATA. & AUG. 9. MEXICANO FOR VINE SNAKE CUAMECALCOA- (TREE ROPE SNAKE) II 11 CAVE MOUTH, ISLAND AT MARJATA, f 4.5 1/50 II 12 BEACH AT MARUATA, f 6.3 1/100 [[camera settings]]
TOTAL COST- 272.87=^[[$]] 31.73
STEVENS ARMS CO. }MODEL 22-410, LACKS REAR SIGHT, LARGE CHICOPEE FALLS, MASS.} SCREW FOR STOCK, LOCK PART UNDER BARREL. II- 13- ON MULE, SAN PEDRO, AUG. 14, f 6.3 at 1/100 AUG. [[strikeout]]12-13, 1950. - SAN PEDRO DAMIAN. POMARE TO SAN PEDRO AUG.12, 8 1/2 HOURS. FORD OVER [[strikeout]] CACHAN SIMPLE, ONLY TO HORSE'S BELLY. CALLING AT NIGHT AT SAN PEDRO [[underline]] ELEUTH.A.[[/underline]] [[underline]] SMILYSCA BAUDINII[[/underline]] [[underline]]ACALYCHNIE DACNI.[[/underline]] AUG. 14 SAN JOSE A - 14 VALLEY OF SAN JOSE f 4.5 1/75 II-15- MANZANILLO, FROM PLANE - f 6.3 1/100. AUG. 14- SAN JOSÉ DE LOS MONTAÑAS [[STRIKEOUT]] 6 1/2HRS. FROM PEDRO " 15- LOS [[strikeout]] OCOTES (RANCHO) 10 HRS. FROM JOSÉ " 16 COALCOMAN 14 1/2 HRS. FROM LOS [[STRIKEOUT]] OCOTES. " 17- GUADALAJARA. [[underline]]FIND OUT FROM BRAND.[[/underline]] 1. TOTAL MILEAGE. 2. SPOT FROM WHICH WE SAW NEV. DE COR. & DISTANCE BIRCANO[?]. 3. IF SINGLTARY'S SHOT OF NEV. TURNED OUT II-16- MISTLETOE ON TREE AT CHAPALA, f 11 1/50.
AUG. 20, 1950. J.A. PETERS. RD TO TAXCO. 1 MI. W. OF PUENTE DE IXTLA, 3000' - BUTTERFLY.
[[writing on slant lower left to upper right]] 1 565 587 ____ 18 [[ink smudges in mid page]] [[writing on slant in mid page]] 616.8 586 ______ 30.8 21 _____ 9.8 [[horizontal line graphs]] P_______________T__________S.L. 59 21 _____________________________ 80
AUG. 24, 1950 J.A. PETERS ON COASTAL HGWY FROM ACAPULCO TO ZIHUATENETO. MIL. AT PIEDELA CUESTA ± 512.0 1[[underlined superscript]]ST[[/underlined superscript]] COLLECTION -540. 8, 15 MI. E OF TELPAN. 2 LEPTODEIRA 1 CTENOSAURA 1 BUFO 1 HEMODACTYLUS (ON WINDSHIELD), probably FROM P.D.L.C.) ± 547 LOOKS GOOD FOR CAMP, COLLECT. 565 TECPAN. 580 BUTTERFLY & HAWK 586 SAN LUIS - START BACK 592.0 - EUMECES. 6MI. E. OF SAN LUIZ. 617.0 616.8 Hypopaehos 9.8 MI. E OF TECPAN 659.4 R. PSDIENS, AESCYCHUIS, H. SMISAJ ? 6 MI.W.PIE DE LA CUESTA. 666. PIE DE LA CUESTA- 2230.
[[ink marks bled through from opposite page side]]
[[smudged]] Aug. 24 [[/smudged]] [[insertion]] 26 [[/insertion]] 1950 [[underline]] PETERS. [[/underline]] PIE DE LA CUESTA - 706.3. REPEAT TRIP TO WEST ON ZIHUATANEJO HGWY. 707.4 - [[strikethrough]] [[Micro?]] [[/strikethrough]] [[insertion]] LAMPROPELTIS [[/insertion]] 40'. DOR. 712.6 - BOA DOR. NOT COLLECTED. BADLY SMASHED. 732.0 - SALVADORA MEXICANA, D.O.R. 743.9 - KINOSTERNON INTEGRUM, D.O.R. BADLY SMASHED, NOT KEPT. 745.3 LEPTODEIRA, D.O.R., 80'. 745.9 - BADLY SMASHED KINOSTERNON. 752.4 - SAN GERONIMO, TURN OFF TO S. (60') 54.4 - BACK ON HGWY, GOING E. (1030) 55.2 - 2 [[underline superscript]] nd [[/underline superscript]] TURNOFF, E OF RIO ATEYAC. 56.6 - BACK AT HGWY., GOING E. 58.6 - TURNOFF TO ATOYAC. 62.0- ATOYAC. DRYMOBIUS - DOR IN ROAD. 66.0 - ON HGWY, GOING - W. 68.6 - SAN JERONIMO AGAIN, ON W. 81.8 - TECPAN. TURN RT OUT. 88.7 - COLLECTING SITE. FROGS, SCELOPORUS 91.0 DRYADOPHIS DOR. MELANOLOMUS 802. DRYMARCHON MISSED. 822. BADLY SMASHED. DRYADOPHIS. 39.5 " " [[Ditto for: BADLY SMASHED]] DRYMARCHON. 41.2 PIE DE LA CUESTA - 1600.
AUG. 28, 1950 J.A. PETERS SNAKE- 922.4, 1520' KM 395 [[underline]]DRYMARCHON[[/underline]] STOPPED TODAY AT TAYLOR'S TYPE LOCALITY "AGUA DEL OBISPO", IN GUERRERO. THE LOCALITY IS HIGH IN THE HILLS, AND THE TOWN ITSELF IS AT 3400', IN PINE BELT. WE STOPPED LESS THAN A MILE FURTHER N THAN THE TOWN, AND I WORKED THE PINE SLOPES & BARRANCAS FOR THE AFTERNOON. I SAW NO PARTICULARLY GOOD HABITAT FOR FROGS, AND I COULD NOT UNDERSTAND [[STRIKEOUT]] WHY [[/STRIKEOUT]] HOW TAYLOR HAD GOTTEN SO MUCH STUFF, SO I GOT OUT THE CHECK LIST TO SEE IF ADDED DATA WERE GIVEN. IT WAS. ABOUT 5 OF THE SPECIES WITH THIS TYPE LOCALITY HAD "KM 250-251" ADDED TO THE AGUA DEL OBISPO LOCALITY, WHICH IS LISTED AS "BETWEEN RINCON & CAJONES." SINCE OUR COLLECTING SPOT WAS AT KM 242, AND WAS ONLY A 1/2 MI. FROM AGUA DEL OBISPO, I DECIDED TO GO TO KM 250. TO GET TO IT, ONE MUST DRIVE DOWN COMPLETELY OUT OF THE HILLS AND PINES, AND ENTER THE VALLEY,ON THE [[underline]] OTHER [[/underline]] (SOUTH) SIDE OF RINCON! THAT DAMNABLE CHECKLIST OF TYPE LOCALITIES CAUSED ME TO WASTE THE WHOLE AFTERNOON AT THE WRONG PLACE. THERE IS A GOOD 6 MILES BETWEEN "AGUA DEL OBISPO" AND "KM. 250", AS WELL AS A COMPLETE CHANGE OF HABITAT, AND THE TOWN OF RINCON!
AUG. 28 1950 PETERS. 05312, 2760' DRYADO[[ink stain]]HIS KM. ?11
PICTURES. ROLL 1. [[large '}' bracket at right of following text]] 1.WASTED? BEACH THORN SCRUB. 2. BEACH THORN SCRUB AT LAGOON 3. BEACH THORN SCRUB 4. COASTAL HABITAT, ABOVE THORN SCRUB. 5. BURNED OVER FIELD IN COASTAL HABITAT. [[end of bracketed text]] f 6.3 at 1/100. 6. VIEW OF VALLEY + HILLS BETWEEN LA PLACITA + OSTULA. f 6.3 AT 100. 7. FIRST FORD OF RIO OSTULA- f 6.3 AT 100. 10.[[scribble]] JEFE OF OSTULA + 2 HORSEMEN f 5+ AT 50. 8. PARADE OF SANTA ANNA, OSTULA- f 5 AT 50 9. DEHORNING OF BULL, OSTULA- f 5 AT 50. 11. STORER AT FORD IN RIO OSTULA- f 20[[0 under 2]] 12. GROUP AT BBACK OF LA PLACITA. f 6.3 AT 100. 13. VIEW FROM PUERTO- 1700'- ON TRAIL BETWEEN LA PLACITA AND COAHUAYANA, LOOKING DOWN TO COAHUAYANA- f 4.5 AT 1/25. 14. SUNSET, ON TRAIL BETWEEN LA PLACITA + COAHUAYANA-f 3.5 AT 1/25. 15. NEVADO+ VOLCAN DE COLIMA, FROM TRAIN, ON E SIDE 16. SUNSET, 75 MI. S. OF GUADALAJARA. 17. III-1- DAHLIAS, f 9 AT 1/100 III-2 BOUGAINVILLEA, CIUDAD HIDALGO, f 9 1/100 III-3 PRIMOSA, NR. ZOTACUARO- f 9.5 at 1/50 III-4 POPO FROM OBAGGON f 4.5 at 1/50 III-5 MARKET AT TAXCO, f 4.5 at 1/25. III-6 FOR TED, VIEW OF ACAPULCO III-7-12 BULLFIGHT SHOTS III-13 BEACH, PIE DE LA CUESTA, LAGUNA- f 9 at 1/100 III-14 TURNED PAST? III-15 CASSIA AT MEXCALA, GRO., f 9 at 1/100
[[midway down page notes written on slant lower left corner to upper write in direction]] JUNE [[underline]]24[[/underline]]. AUG.[[/underline]]17[[/underline]] [[underneath text are calculations as follows]] 7 31 17 ___ 55 1326 901 ______ 425 13 ___ 412
JUNE 6- MT. VERNON [[ditto mark for June]] 7- LITTLE ROCK [[ditto mark for June]] 8- HOUSTON [[ditto mark for June]] 9- BROWNSVILLE. [[ditto mark for June]] 10- [[ditto mark for June]] 11- MEXICO CITY 12- [[ditto marks for Mexico City]] 13- [[ditto marks for Mexico City]] [[scribble]] 14- PUERTO DE GARNICA 15- ANGRUAN 16- GEOLOGIST'S SHACK 17- ARIO DE ROSALES, MICH. 18-19 LA PLAYA, MICH. 20-1 MORELIA, 22- GUADALAJARA 23- COLIMA 24-25 COAHUAYANA 26-7 BOCA DE APIZA 28 [[two lined {]] COAHUYANA EL TIQUIZ [[/two lined {]] 29 OJOS DE AQUA DE SAN TELMO JUNE 30-JULY 12 LA PLACITA [July 12- MAQUILI,-AQUILA-LA PLACITA] JULY 13-16 OSTULA JULY 17- LA PLACITA. JULY 18- COAHUAYANA JULY 19-20- COLIMA [[ditto mark for July]] 21- CIUDAD GUZMAN 22-24- GUADALAJARA 25-26- COLIMA JULY 27-AUG. 4- COALCOMAN AUG. 17- GUADALAJARA- [[ditto mark for Aug.]] 18- MORELIA 19- MEXICO CITY 20- TAXCO, GUERRERO AUG 21-27- PIE DE LA CUESTA, GUERRERO
AUG. 28- CHILPANCINGO " 29- TAXCO " 30- MEXICO CITY. " 31- ZIMAPAN, HIDALGO. SEPT. 1- CIUDAD VICTORIA " 2- VICTORIA, TEXAS " 3- [[strikeout]]?[[/strikeout]] EL DORADO, ARK. " 4- MT VERNON, ILLINOIS " 5- ANN ARBOR.
SPECIES NEW TO UMMZ COLLECTION 1. SONORA M. MICHOACANENSIS 2. PSEUDOFICIMIA FRONTALIS 3. DIAGLENA 4. EUMECES OCHOTERENAI 5. EUMECES COLIMENSIS
LEFT AT WAGNER'S, SEPT. 1, 1950. 2 PANCAKE TURNERS 1 WOODEN SPOON 1 FLYTOX SPRAYER (SMALL) [[scribble]]. DISH CLOTH[[strikeout]]E[[/strikeout]]S 1. AMER. INDIA INK. 9 1 oz. PACKER BOTTLES 4 SLIM SCREWTOPS. [[scribble bracket on the right of follow text]] 2 CYANIDE BOTTLES, SMALL. 2 " " LARGE. 2 PACKS CRANE FLY ENV. 1 " LEPIDOP. ENV. [[end bracketed text]] 1 BOTTLE CHLOROTONE. 1/2 BOX OF CHEESECLOTH. [[checkmark]] AMMO. 410 12s - [[10 in tally marks]] 10s- [[4 in tally marks]] 6s- [[1 in tally marks]] 4s- [[5 in tally marks]] 71/2- [[1 in tally marks]] .22- 1500 RDS.
[[underline]] NOTEWORTHY ITEMS IN COLLECTION[[/underline]] 1. HYPSIGELENA AFFINIS- LOCALITY. 2. CONIOPHANES [[underline]]FRANGIVIRGATUS[[/underline]] - NEW SPECIES 3. CONIOPHANES IMPERIALIS IMPERIALIS- LOC. 4. RHADINAEA TAENIATA- LOC. 5. RHADINAEA HESPERIA HESPERIA-VARIATION, LOCALITY. 6. EUMECES INDUBITUS- RANGE, RELATIONSHIPS. 7. BARISIA IMBRICANS IMBRICATUS- RANGE, WESTERN FORM. (ADD OTHER NEW UMMZ MATERIAL) 8. AMEIVA UNDULATA SINISTRA- MAYARIT. 9. SCELOPORUS SCALARIS SCALARIS- NEVADO DE COLIMA,JAL. 10. [[ditto mark for SCELOPORUS]] AENEUS AENEUS- NEVADO DE COLIMA, JAL. 11. [[ditto mark for SCELOPORUS]] HETEROLEPIS- NOTES + LOCALITY. 12. CTENOSAURA ACANTHURA- LOCALITY, NOTES ON TROPIC FAUNA. 13. HYLA LA FRETNZI FROM MICHOACAN. STATE REC. WEST. EXT. OF RANGE 14. HYLA BISTINCTA FROM JALISCO,STATE REC. 15. LEPTODACTYLUS OCCIDENTALIS-JALISCO, STATE REC. 16. SYRRHOPHUS MODESTUS- JALISCO LIMIT OF GENUS, STATE RECORD, 1[[underline superscript]]ST[[/underline superscript]] REP. OF SPECIES SINCE DESC., ADD NO 88264,- ALSO JALISCO. 17. ELEUTHERODACTYLUS RUGULOSUS. JALSICO- IF SPECIES IDENT. || IS JUSTIFIED 18. HYLA SMITHI- NEW TO JALISCO.
[[underline]] TOMODACTYLUS PETERSI [[/underline]] DUELLMAN ELEUTHERODACTLYUS A. [[text in slant at right side of page lower left to upper right in direction]] SYHANODUS OR TOMODACTLYUS. [[/text]] [[underline]] 897-899[[/underline]] MICHOACAN: HACIENDA AT LA PLAYA, 2600' FT., JUNE 18-19, 1950 THESE FROGS WERE VERY ABUNDANT HERE, AND WERE CALLING. THE VOICE IS A SHORT CRICKET LIKE CALL, WITH A SLIGHTLY RISING NOTE, MUCH LIKE THAT OF ACRIS GRYLLUS. THEY CALL FROM ON THE GROUND MOST OF THE TIME, AMONG BLADES OF GRASS OR IN THICK BRAMBLE PILES. A FEW SOUNDED AS THO THEY WERE IN TREES, BUT I COULD FIND NONE THERE. THEY START CALLING AT DUSK AND DO NOT STOP TILL MORNING LIGHT BEGINS. THEY ARE A CHOCOLATEY BROWN GROUND COLOR, WITH DK BROWN TO BLACK BLOTCHED STRIPING ON THE BACK. THE LEGS ARE TAN AND BROWN BARRED. THERE IS A CREAM COLORED PATCH IN THE REGION OF THE INGUINAL GLAND IN TOMODACTYLUS. THE EYE IS BLACK EXCEPT FOR A RIM OF BROWN-TAN ABOVE THE BLACK LINE ALONG THE CANTHUS. THE THIGHS ARE BRIGHT ORANGE FORE + AFT, AND THE GROIN IS ORANGE, ALL OF WHICH IS COVERED WHILE AT REST. THEY ARE A DIRTY WHITE BELOW, WITH BROWN + BLACK SPOTS. THE UPPER LIP IS CREAM + GOLDEN. THE CHIN AND THROAT ARE DARK PURPLISH. ONE INDIVIDUAL IS MUCH LIGHTER THAN THE OTHER TWO, AND IS A GREENISH BROWN GROUND COLOR. OTHERWISE HE IS MUCH THE SAME. JULY 5, 1950- LA PLACITA, MICHOACAN. THIS SPECIES IS IN FAIRLY GOOD CHORUS HERE, ON THE COAST OF MICHOACAN. THEY ARE SINGING ROM THE TREES, NOT FROM THE GROUND. I CAUGHT ONE LAST NIGHT, AND HE WAS ABOUT 85[[strikeout]] FEET FROM THE GROUND. HE WAS VERY VERY LIGHT TAN WITH LITTLE PATTERN WHEN I CAUGHT HIM, BUT HE HAS CHANGED TO MUCH THE SAME COLOR AS THE ABOVE NOW.
JULY 31, 1950- 1167-9. 1/2 MI. E. OF COALCOMAN, MICHOACAN, LACK THE CREAM COLORED INGUINAL SPOT, AND GROUND COLOR IS VERY GREENISH. MUCH MORE BLACKISH + BROWNISH STRIPING + MOTTLING, I BELIEVE. CALLING IN LOW TREES AND BUSHES USUALLY 5-6 FEET UP. ALMOST ALWAYS IN TOP OF BUSH OR TREE. UPPER LIP IS QUITE HEAVILY MOTTLED WITH BROWNISH-BLACK.
[[underline]]CONIOPHANES[[/underline]] DEC 15, 1949. #164- 23-23-21-19, SUBCAUDALS 80, UPPERLABIALS 7-7, 3+4 IN [[female sign]]| EYE, 6[[underlined superscript]]TH[[/underlined superscript]] ON LEFT FUSED WITH LOWER SECONDARY TEMPORAL. LOWER LABIALS 9-9, 5 IN CONTACT WITH CHIN SHIELDS. PREOCCULARS 2-2, TEMPORALS 1+2 (SEE ABOVE, ON LEFT SIDE). VENTRALS 166. THE DORSOLATERAL LIGHT LINE STARTS [[strikeout]]BACK[[/strikeout]] AT THE EYE AND RUNS TO TEMPORALS, ENDING ABRUPTLY. A LIGHT SPOT 3 SCALES LONG [[scribble]] ON THE BACK OF THE HEAD, TAGU[?] 2 DARK SCALES INTERVENE BEFORE THE DORSILATERAL LIGHT STRIPE BEGINS. ALL STRIPES ARE PRONOUNCED AND [[strikeout]]DISTINCTLY[[/strikeout]] SHARPLY BORDERED, ALTHO THE LIGHT AREA BELOW THE LATERAL DARK STRIPE IS SUFFUSED WITH DARKER. CLOSE TO [[underline]]PICEIVITTUS[[/underline]] A[[underline]]ND SCAMION[?][[/underline]]. DIFFERS FROM [[underline]]P[[/underline]]. IN SCALE ROWS, UPPER LABIALS, LABIALS IN EYE, LOWER LABIALS, SPOT ON DORSOLAT. LIGHT STRIPE, AND FROM SCAMIDO? IN NO SUBCAUDALS, LABIALS IN CONTACT WITH EYE, NO.UPPER LABIALS, CONFORMATION OF LATERAL DARK STRIPE. HEAD [[insertion]] ^ DARK [[/insertion]] BROWN, VERMICULATED WITH LIGHT BROWN FROM ROSINAL TO LEVEL OF EYES; 2[[insertion]]^ MINUTE [[/insertion]] PAIRED LIGHT SPOTS, ONE ON EACH PARIETAL. A LIGHT STRIPE FROM TOP OF THE EYE EXTENDS BACKWARD AND [[strikeout]]ENDS IN TWO ? ?[[/strikeout]] IS BROKEN [[ARROW ABOVE]][[insertion]]^ AT THE PARIETALS [[/insertion]] FOR [[strikeout]] ^[[/strikeout]] A SPACE OF TWO SCALES, FORMS A SPOT 2 SCALES WIDE AND 3 SCALES LONG, AND BEGINS AGAIN ON THE NECK AFTER AN INTERSPACE OF TWO SCALES, CONTINUING UNBROKEN ALMOST TO^[[insertion]] THE [[/insertion]] TIP OF ^ [[insertion]] THE [[/insertion]] TAIL. THE STRIPE IS 1 1/2 SCALE ROWS WIDE ON THE BODY. BLACK DORSAL BAND 5 AND 2 HALF SCALE ROWS WIDE AT MIDISORY. LATERAL BLACK STRIPE 3 AND 2 HALF SCALEROWS WIDE. ALL OF THE STRIPES ARE PRONOUNCED AND SHARPLY BORDERED, ALTHOUGH THE LIGHT ALSO
BELOW THE LATERAL DARK STRIPE IS SUFFUSED WITH DARKER COLOR. CHIN HEAVILY SPOTTED, THROAT DOTTED WITH DARK BROWN TO TENTH VENTRAL SCUTE. VENTRAL SURFACE LIGHT YELLOW, ^[[WITH WIDELY SCATTERED BROWN DOTS]] EACH VENTRAL STIPPLED WITH BROWN NEAR FIRST SCALE ROW. MAXILLARY TEETH 8 OR 9,^[[INCREASING IN SIZE POSTERIORLY]] FOLLOWED BY A DIASTEMA AND 2 ENLARGED GROOVED TEETH
M CONOPSIS BISERIALIS T.+S. U.KANS.SCI.BULL., 28, 1942, P. 333, FIGS. T.L.: 10 MI. W. OF VILLA VICTORIA, MEXICO. [[HAND DRAWN SKETCH OF SNAKES HEAD aerial view and side view showing markings. Taped onto page]] TYPE DESCRIPTION, p. 333, FIG. 2. DEC. 22, 1949. I BEGIN TO QUESTION THE SPECIFIC VALIDITY OF THIS FORM. IT APPEARS TO BE SUBSPECIFICALY RELATED TO NASUS, IN MY OPINION. MY SERIES OF 4 CONUPSIS FROM [[scribble]] NEVADO DE COLIMA, JALISCO ARE WHAT COULD BE INTERGRADES. (SEE NOTE UNDER NASUS). THEY ALL HAVE THE INTERNASALS + PREFRONTALS SEPARATE - A [[underline]]BISERIALIS[[/underline]] CHAR., BUT 3 HAVE A DISTINCT ROW OF VERTEBRAL SPOTS, COMPLETELY ISOLATED FROM ALL THE REST OF THE BACK PATTERN, WHILE THE 4[[underlined superscript]]TH[[/underlined superscript]]IS PRACTIALLY UNICOLOR (435). NONE HAVE ANY SIGN OF THE BISERIATE PATTERN SHOWN BY T.+ S., NOR DO ANY HAVE THE LIGHT PHASE PATTERN OF T.+ S. #253, ON THE OTHER HAND, FROM CERRO SAN ANDRES, MICH, SEEMS TO BE PERFECTLY TYPICAL [[underline]]BISERIALIS[[/underline]] IN ALL RESPECTS. I AM CALLING THE JALISCO SPECIMENS [[underline]]BISERIALIS[[/underline]] PROVISIONALY, UNTIL SOMEONE SEES FIT TO BRING ORDER FROM TAYLOR + SMITH'S CHAOS.
J M CONOPSIS NASUS GUNTHER [[checkmark]] CAT. SNAKES, 1858, p.6. T.L.: UNKNOWN. [[drawing of a snake's head from three different angles showing markings. Taped to page]] TAYLOR + SMITH, U. KANS. SCI. BULL, 28, 1942, p. 330, FIG. 1. RECOG.CHAR.: NO INTERNASALS SCHMIDT + SHANNON, FIELDIANA, 1947, p. 80. MICH + TANCITRICO. GROUND COLOR BROWN TO RUSTY RED, BACK UNICOLORED IN SOME, BUT MAJORITY HAVE SMALL BLACK SPOTS THAT SHOW A TENDENCY TO FORM NUMEROUS TRANSVERSE BANDS,ABDOMEN HEAVILY MOTTLED WITH BLACK....¶ THE LOREAL IS NORMALLY ABSENT, BUT MAY APPEAR....ON ONE OR BOTH SIDES. SCALES IN 17 ROWS, SUPRALABIALS 7, INTRALABIALS 6 OR 7.[[underline]]NO SPECIMEN HAS INTERNASALS AND PREFRONTALS FUSED. ?[[/underline]] JALISCO: E. SLOPE NEVADO DE COLIMA, 6,400 FT., APRIL 2,1949. NO 432-5. THESE 4 SPECIMENS WERE TAKEN UNDER ROCKS, INDIVIDUALLY, WITHIN 200 YDS OF EACH OTHER, IN A VERY DEEP BARRANCA WHICH RUNS VISIBLY
up to 10,000 or more feet. It is apparently wellwatered altho it was quite dry at the time. The sides are very rocky with many large cracks and crevices. They show a wide variation in color, altho none were brown, all gray or grayish black. The pattern varies in clearness, both on the back and belly, on the belly, however, it is a difference in the amount of pigment present. [[in pencil]] A letter from Schmidt (Jan. 1900) tells me that they (Schmidt + Shannon) had missed the description of [[underlined]] BISGRIALIS[[/underlined]] completely, and that is why they called their material [[underlined]]NASUS[[/underlined]]. They do [[underlined]]not[[/underlined]] question the validity of [[underline]] BISERIALIS[[/underlined]].[[/in pencil]]
M Constrictor constricter imperator daudin [[checkmark]] Hist. Nat. Rgpt., 5, 1803, p. 150. T.L.: Colombian croco. Mich.: Apatcingan (S. + S.) June 21, 1950. #870. La Playa, Michoacan. Storer collected this imperator in a low tree, about 3' off the ground, at the hacienda in La Playa, Michoacan, June 19, 1950. The dorsal blotches start off small and brownish gray anteriorly, getting wider and redder [[strikethrough]] [[?]] [[/strikethrough]] to the rear. On the tail they are very reddish brown. The same happens with the blotches on the sides. The eye has a black star shaped mark on a gray background. [[diagram of snake's eye showing where gray eye color is located in the right eye]] July 6, 1950. La Placita, Mich. From live specimen. This individual has a strong pinkish cast on the sides and on the belly. The light areas on the head and lips are pink. The belly is pink with gray mottling. The eye is half and half, top half light tan, bottom half dark gray mottled with black. The pupil is vertical. The tongue is completely black.
J M CROTALUS TRISERIATUS TRISERIATUS (WAGLER) NAT. SYST. AMPHIBS.,1830, p. 176. T.L: MEXICO. MICH.: TANCITARO (S.+S.) [[picture of a snakes head showing markings]] SMITH, U. KANS. SCI. BULL.,26, 1946, p. 82, Fig.15. JALISCO: E SLOPE OF NEVADO DE COLIMA, 6900 FT., APRIL 2, 1949. NO 432. FOUND UNDER A LOG LYING IN A GRASSY FIELD AT THE LONGER EDGE OF TREES ON THE NEVADO. IT HAD JUST FINISHED SHEDDING ITS SKIN, THE CAST LYING BESIDE IT UNDER THE LOG. THE RATTLE WAS VIBRATING, BUT WAS INAUDIBLE UNTIL I PUT THE TAIL RIGHT BESIDE MY EAR. IT IS A RATHER YOUNG SPECIMEN. IN THE KEY THE SPECIMEN RUNS EASILY TO C. GLOYDI. THIS IS DUE TO THE 21 SCALE ROWS. IT PROBABLY BELONGS HERE,HOWEVER.
J M DRY MARCHON CORAIS RUBIDUS SMITH [[checkmark]] JOUR. WASH. ACAD. SCI., 31, 1941, p. 474. T.L.: ROSARIO, SINALOA. MICH.: APATZINGAN (S. & S.) RECOG. CHAR.: UNIFORM BLACK ABOVE; SUBCAUDAL SURFACE BLACK, BELLY BLACK POSTERIORLY; ANTERIOR PORTION OF [[strikethrough]] BOD [[/strikethrough]] BELLY MOSTLY LIGHT, SALMON PINK, IN COLOR. JULY 8, 1950. LA PLACITA. SHOT BY MILLER IN ROOF OF SALT WORKS SHED. IT HAS MUCH RED ON THE BACK, IN FACT, THE FIRST HALF IS RED AS A GROUND COLOR, WITH BLACK BLOTCHES. THIS GIVES WAY TO BLACK WITH SOME RED FARTHER BACK, AND FINALLY BECOMES WHOLLY BLACK AT THE REAR. THE VENTER IS SALMON PINK ANTERIORLY AND GETS REDDER TO THE REAR, WHERE BLACK INVADES AND COMPLETELY COVERS FINALLY. SKINNED BECAUSE IT WAS TOO BIG. TOTAL LENGTH - 1650 MM. TAIL LENGTH - 265 MM.
M ENULIUS UNICOLOR (FISCHER) [[checkmark]] ABH. NAT. VER. BREMEN, 7, 1882, p. 227, pl. 15 T.L.: MEXICO. JAP # 866- MICHOACAN: BAJADA DE[[crossout]] EL PEDRISCO, AT 4000' ON ROAD BTWN ARIO DE ROSALES + LA PLAYA, JUNE 18, 1950. UNDER ROCK IN CLEARED FIELD IN PINE BELT ON WAY TO JORULLO VOLCANO. DIED IN SACK.
J HYPSIGLENA AFFINS BLGR. CAT. SNAKES, 2, 1894, p. 210 pl. 8. T.L.: ZACATECAS + JALISCO. ONLY DEF. RECORDS: MAGDELENA, JALISCO, AND MELQUITAL DEL ORO, ZACA.) DEC. 13, 1949. #609 66[[strikeout]]?6[[/strikeout]]CAUDALS, UPPERLABIALS - 7 ON LEFT, [[strikeout]]3+4[[/strikeout]] 3+4 IN EYE, 6 ON RIGHT, ONLY 3[[underlined superscript]]RD[[/underlined superscript]] IN EYE. ONE PREOCULAR ON LEFT, ON RIGHT A TINY SCALE IS SPLIT OFF THE LOWER EDGE OF THE LARGE PREOCULAR SCALE ROWS 19-19-17-15.
M HYPSIGLENA TORQUATA (GURTHER) ANN. MAG. N.H., 3(5), 1860, p. 170, pl. 10. T.L.: LAGUNA ISLAND, NICARAGUA. PRGH. APATZONGRAS (S.+S.) DEC. 13., 1949. # 613. 21 SCALE ROWS 8-8 UPPER LABIALS, SMALL PREOCULAR PRESENT BELOW LARGE PREOCULAR ON BOTH SIDES.
J M LEPTODEIRA ANNULATA POLYSTICTA GUNTHER. [[checkmark]] BIOL.CENT.-AM., 1895, pl 55, FIG. A T.L: RESTOR. TO BELIZE, BRITISH HONDURAS. NOTES FROM [[UMMZ ?]] SPEC.: SQUARISH BLOTCHES, WIDER THAN LONG, HEAD MUCH WIDER THAN NECK, VENTER IMMACULATE. ALTERNATING ROW OF SMALLER LATERAL SPOTS 1[[underlined superscript]]ST[[/underlined superscript]] SPOT ON NECK PAIRED, REST SINGLE. VERTEBRAL BLACK LINE BEHIND PARIETAL, 6 OR 7 SCALES LONG.
J M LEPTODEIRA MACULATA (HALLOWELL) [[checkmark]] PROC. ANSP, 12, 1860 (1861), p. 468. T.L: "TAHITI", BY ERROR, PROB. CENT. AMER. UMMZ. SPEC.: BLOTCHES COVER BACK [[strikeout]]TO[[/strikeout]] FROM 2[[underlined superscript]]ND[[/underlined superscript]], ROW TO 2[[underlined superscript]]ND[[/underlined superscript]] ROW, NO OR VERY FEW ALTERNATING LATERAL SPOTS. BLOTCHES WIDER THAN DISTANCE SEPARATING THEM. JALISCO: 2 MI. N. OF LA RESOLANA, 1500 FT., APRIL 7, 1949, 406-409. 2 OF THESE SNAKES WERE FOUND COILED IN THE BROAD BASES OF THE GIANT ELEPHANT EAR LEAVES (GENUS COLCASSIA?) THESE LEAF BASES ARE QUITE DAMP, AND CONTAIN MANY FROGS, WHICH I HAVE CALLED [[underline]]HYLA SMITHII[[/underline]]. THEY UNDOUBTEDLY SUPPLY FOOD FOR THE SNAKES. THE OTHER TWO WERE FOUND UNDER LOGS IN A RATHER DENSE, SWAMPY FOREST. ONE OF THEM HAD A GOODSIZED LUMP IN HIS BELLY, AND HE LATER DISGORGES A ALMOST DIGESTED [[underline]]LEPTODACTYLUS MELANQTUS.[[SP.]][[/underline]] IT WAS UNDER A LOG RIGHT BESIDE A GOODSIZED [[underline]]AGALYCHNIS DACNICOLOR[[/underline]], BUT WAS NOT TRYING TO EAT IT, AS IT WAS MUCH TOO LARGE. NO 407 IS QUITE REDDISH, A RUSTY COLOR, IN THE GROUND COLOR, MUCH MORE THAN THE OTHER 3. NO 406 HAS MUCH NARROWER BLOTCHES THAN THE REST- IT IS THE ONLY ONE IN WHICH THE DISTANCE BETWEEN THE BLOTCHES IS WIDER THAN THE BLOTCHES THEMSELVES.
LEPTODEIRA MACULATA JULY.9, 1950. JAP 1036. CAUGHT ONE UNDER THE LOW POLE ON A FENCE MADE [[strikeout]]OF[[/strikeout]] BY PILING POLES BETWEEN TWO UPRIGHTS, IN TOWN- AT [[underline]]FONDA[[/underline]]WHERE WE EAT. STOMACH CONTENT- ONE BUFO, SAME SPECIES AS[[strikeout]]?[[/strikeout]] JAP 1015. LIVE SPECIMEN: TIP OF TONGUE WHITE, REST OF TONGUE BLACKISH PURPLE. EYE GRAYISH GREEN WITH HEAVY BLACK STIPPLING. TOP OF HEAD BLACKISH BROWN WITH SCALE EDGES IN VERY DULL YELLOWISH GREEN. LABIAL YELLOWISH WITH BROWN. BELLY YELLOWISH WHITE, WITH SOME SALMON PINK ALONG THE EDGES OF THE VENTRALS AT REAR. SCALES ON THE SIDES IN THE BLOTCHES WITH MUCH GREENISH ON THEM.
J M LEPTOTYPHLOPS PNENOPS BAKEWELLI POLIVER OCC. PAP. UMMZ 360, 1937, p.16. T.L.: PASO DEL RIO, COLIMA. "COASTAL AND FOOTHILL REGIONS" JULY 6, 1950 - LA PLACITA, MICHOACAN. 4 OF THIS SPECIES WERE COLLECTED ON JULY 5, 1950 ABOUT 3/4 MI. N. OF LA PLACITA, UNDER ROCKS ON THE IMMEDIATE BANKS OF THE RIVER, WHICH IS CALLED RIO AQUILA BY SOME. ALL WERE COILED IN SMALL HOLES UNDER THE ROCKS, AND MADE PRACTICALLY NO ATTEMPTS TO ESCAPE. AFTER THEY WERE PICKED UP THEY TRIED VIOLENTLY TO GET FREE, AND THE TAIL WAS CONSTANTLY RAISED AND THE TIP PRESSED AGAINST MY HAND. THERE WAS NO SENSATION OF PRICKING OR STICKING, HOWEVER, ONLY PRESSURE. LIVE SPECIMEN: THE DORSAL COLOR CONSISTS OF STRIPES, BLACK AND LIGHT BROWN. THE BLACK FADES OUT ON THE SIDES AND DOES NOT EXIST AS STRIPES THERE. THE BROWN BECOMES PINKISH ON THE S [[strikethrough]] [[?]] [[/strikethrough]] SIDES & BELLY, WITH SCATTERED MOTTLINGS OF BROWNISH. THE UNDERSIDE OF THE BACK HALF OF THE TAIL AND THE WHOLE TIP IS BRIGHT BRIGHT YELLOW - AS A FLASH COLOR. THE HEAD IS COLORED AS THE BODY, AND THE CHIN HAS THE SAME COLOR AS THE VENTER. THE WHOLE OF THE ROSTRAL IS YELLOW, HOWEVER, WHICH IS NOT AS BRIGHT AS THAT OF THE TAIL. THE TONGUE IS YELLOWISH WHITE VARIATIONS: ONE GIVES AN IMPRESSION OF BEING VERY MUCH LIGHTER THAN THE OTHERS, BUT IT SEEMS TO BE A RESULT OF A NARROWING OF THE BLACK LINES, SO THAT THEY DO NOT APPEAR IN THE COLOR. THE YELLOW SPOTS ON THE TAIL AND THE ROSTRAL ARE DULL, AND I SUSPECT THIS ONE IS ABOUT TO SHED. THE BLACK [[LINES?]] CONCENTRATE AT THE TAIL, AND THE TIP ANTERIOR TO THE YELLOW SPOT IS QUITE BLACK.
J MANOLEPIS PUTNAMI (JAN) ELENCO SYST. DEGLI OFIDI, 1863, p.67. T.L.: SAN BLAS, NAYARIT. JULY 8, 1950 - LA PLACITA, MICHOACAN. JAP# 1020. 1 SPECIMEN, BROUGHT IN BY BOYS, WHO HAD BIT IT SLIGHTLY ON THE NECK. THEY WERE QUITE AFRAID OF IT. LIVE SPECIMEN: THE TONGUE IS RED AT TIPS AND OVER MOST OF ITS LENGTH, WITH A SPOT OF BLACK JUST BEHIND THE FORK. THE EYE IS LIGHT TAN ABOVE, [[strikethrough]] [[?]] [[/strikethrough]] GRAY BROWN BELOW THE HORIZONTAL BREAK. THE HEAD IS A DUSTY TAN, WITH A BROWN, IRREGULAR STRIPE ON TOP. A LIGHT CREAM STRIPE RUNS FROM EYE TO CORNER OF MOUTH, BORDERED [[UNDERLINE]] ABOVE [[/UNDERLINE]] BY A THIN BLACK STRIPE THE UPPER LIP IS SLIGHTLY DARKER TAN THAN THE REST OF THE HEAD. THE DORSAL STRIPE IS MOTTLED WITH BLACK FOR THE FIRST 2 - 3 INCHES, THEN THE BLACK [[strikethrough]] STRIPE [[/strikethrough]] GOES OUT, AND THE STRIPE BECOMES LIGHT BROWN BORDERED WITH FAINT BLACK. BELOW THE STRIPE THE SIDES ARE DIRTY TAN, WITH BLACK SPECKLING. THIS SHADES INTO DARKER TAN ON THE LOW SIDES. VENTRAL SURFACE IS AN OCHRE, SORT OF A TANNISH YELLOWISH ORANGISH, WITH FAINT BLACK AND BROWN STIPPLING JULY 9, 1950. JAP # 1035. JOSÉ CORONA-NUNÉZ BROUGHT IN A SECOND OF THESE TODAY, THAT HE FOUND FIGHTING WITH A LIZARD IN THE MONTE WEST OF TOWN. THE SNAKE WAS WRAPPED AROUND THE LIZARD, AND THE LIZARD HAD A GRIP ON THE SNAKE WITH [[strikethrough]] [[?]] [[/strikethrough]] HIS TEETH, VERY NEAR THE HEAD. THE LIZARD WAS A CNEMIDOPHORUS, AS JHP 2001, ACCORDING TO JOSÉ. THE COLOR OF THE SKIN IN THE VERTEBRAL STRIPE IS WHITE. THERE ARE BLACKISH STRIPES UNDER THE SKIN, ON THE SIDES.
MANOLEPIS PUTNAMI JULY 16,1950 OSSULA, MICHOACAN. JAP# 1046 TURNER CAUGHT ANTOHER OF THESE ON THE TRAIL BETWEEN LA PLACITA AND OSTULA, ON THE EAST SIDE OF THE HILLS BETWEEN THE VALLEYS. IT WAS JUST BEGINNING TO SWALLOW A LARGE AMEINA, WHICH WAS STILL. STRUGGLING TO GET LOOSE. THEY WERE OUT IN THE OPEN, ON THE HILLSIDE.
NATRIX RHOMBIFERA BLANCHARDI DEC. 13, 1949- MY FOUR INDIVIDUALS TREBLE[[strikeout]]S[[/strikeout]] THE UMMZ COLLECTION. THEY WERE EXCEEDINGLY COMMON ALONG AN IRRIGATION CANAL IN TAMPAULIPAS. SCANT VEGETATION, OPEN BANKS. BOTTOM OF DITCH WITH MUCH AQUATIC PLANT LIFE. 773 HAS LONGITUDINAL STRIPES FOR A VERY SHORT DISTANCE BEHIND THE HEAD HAS 4 POSTOCULARS ON LEFT SIDE. ^LOWEST POSTOCULARS COME AWFULLY CLOSE TO BEING SUBOCULARS.
NATRIX VALIDA JULY 20, 1950. JAP [[underline]] 1128 [[/underline]] WHEN WE RETURNED TO COAHUAYANA ^[[insertion]] DAY BEFORE [[/insertion]] YESTERDAY, AND THE SCHOOLMASTER ARRIVED THE NEXT MORNING, HE DUG OUT ALL THE THINGS HE HAD GOTTEN SINCE OUR LAST VISIT HERE. AMONG THEM WAS THIS SPECIMEN, WHICH HE HAD FOUND ON THE STREET IN FRONT OF THE SCHOOLHOUSE, A SHORT TIME BEFORE. I ASKED HIM TO SELL IT TO ME, AND HE PROMPTLY GAVE IT TO ME. IT IS THE 1 [[underlined superscript]] ST [[/underlined superscript]] RECORD OF THE SPECIES FROM MICHOACAN. THE SPECIMEN WAS PRESERVED IN THE LOCAL WOOD ALCOHOL.
[[pencil arrow running from upper left corner across page to bottom right corner]] OXYBELIS [[text upside down at bottom of page]] OXYBELIS IS BEJUQUILLA-LITTLE VINE LAUNDRY- LA PLACITA, JULY 3, 1950 3 SOCKS 3 UN. SHIRTS 3 SHORTS 1 HANK. 2. SHIRTS 2 PANTS
M PSEUDOFICIMIA FRONTALIS [[strikeout]]CONOPORS NASUS[[/strikeout]] JULY 31, 1950. 1166. COLLECTED YESTERDAY UNDER ROCK AT FOOT OF SIERRA DE CAMICAINES, JUST A SHORT DISTANCE OUT FROM THE POINT WHERE THE CAMINO TO AQUILISSA TURNS UP THE BARRANCA TO GO UP TO THE REALTO DE CAMICHINES THE BLOTCHES ON THE VERTEBRAL ARE A BROWNISH RED, QUITE BRIGHT. THE SAME COLOR IS IN THE PATCH PATTERN ON HEAD. THE DORSAL BLOTCHES ARE CONNECTED BY A DARKISH YELLOW FAIRLY BROAD LINE. THE SIDES ARE LIGHT BROWN WITH BLACK SPOTS, THE LOWER SIDES AND THE EDGES OF THE VENTRALS ARE QUITE ORANGE, [[strikeout]]AND[[/strikeout]] A DULL COLOR, HOWEVER. THE EYE IS BLACK WITH A LIGHT ORANGEISH HALF RIM ON THE TOP HALF. THIS IS PROBABLY THE SAME SPECIES AS #1187, E.G.- PSEUDOFICIMIA FRONTALIS.
RHADINAEA HESPERIA HESPERIA JAP # 879- MICHOACAN; N. SLOPE OF VOLCAN JORULLO, [[plus/minus sign]] 3600', JUNE 19,1950. NO RED ON CHIN + THROAT, BEGINS SLIGHTLY FARTHER BACK AND GETS PROGRESSIVELY BRIGHTER, POSTERIOR HALF OF BODY AND ALL OF TAIL (VENTRALLY) BRICK RED. UNDER [[strikeout]]ROCK[[/strikeout]]LOG HIGH ON SIDE OF VOLCANO. A SECOND ONE WAS [[strikeout]]?[[/strikeout]] SEEN, UNDER LOG IN PINES NEAR TOP, BUT I LOST HIM.
M RHADINAEA HESPERIA HESPERIA BAILEY [[checkmark]] OCC. PAP. UMMZ, 412, 1940, p.8, FIG. T.L.: OMILIGARE + SIERRA DE BURRO, GUERRERO. RECOG.CHAR.: DORSOLATERAL LIGHT STRIPE ON 6[[underlined superscript]]TH[[/underlined superscript]]AND ADJ. 1/2 s OF 5[[underlined superscript]]TH[[/underlined superscript]] AND 7[[superscript]]TH[[/superscript]]S.R.; 2[[underlined superscript]]ND[[/underlined superscript]]ANY DARK STRIPE ON 7[[underlined superscript]]TH[[/underlined superscript]]S. R., OCC. SIMILAR STRIPE ON 8[[underlined superscript]]TH[[/underlined superscript]] ROW; EVIDENCE OF LIGHT BORDER ON VERTEBRAL DRAK STRIPE PRESENT; SIDES BELOW LATERAL DARK STRIPE USUALLY EVENLY PIGMENTED. DEC. 15, 1949. #472, SIERRA DE AVIZAN, JALISCO. 146 VENTRALS, 17-17-17. FITS H. HESPERIA QUITE WELL, ALTHO NEW LOCALITY. IT DIFFERS SOMEWHAT IN COLOR PATTERN ALSO, SINCE THE LABIALS ARE IMMACULATE BELOW, NOT SPOTTED, AND THE DORSOLATERAL LIGHT STRIPE ON THE SIDE OF THE HEAD IS ALMOST AN ISOLATED SPOT RATHER THAN A DIVERGENT TIP TO THE STRIPE. BELLY WAS BRIGHT RED WHEN COLLECTED STILL IS QUITE PINKISH POSTERIORLY.
J RHADINAEA HESPERIA HESPERIOIDES SMITH [[check mark]] PROC. BIOL. SOC. WASH, 42, 1942, p. 186, FIG. T.L.: MAGDELENA, JALISCO. RECOG. [[underline]] C [[/underline]]HAR.: LATERAL STRIPE ON 4 [[underlined superscript]] TH [[/underlined superscript]] & 5 [[underlined superscript]] TH [[/underlined superscript]] S.R.; INNER BORDER OF DORSOLATERAL LIGHT STRIPE ANT. ON 6 [[underlined superscript]] TH [[/underlined superscript]] S.R.; LIGHT STRIPE ON ADJACENT HALVES OF 2 [[underlined superscript]] ND [[/underlined superscript]] & 3 [[underlined superscript]] RD [[/underlined superscript]] S.R., MOST DISTINCT ANTERIORLY; DARK LINE, EXTENDING LENGTH OF BODY, ON SECOND SCALE ROW. [[image - hand drawn sketch in pencil of snake scales]] JAP # 1188. MICHOACAN: 1/2 MI. NE OF COALCOMAN, 3500' ±, ON SLOPE OF CERRO DE AVILLOS, BEHIND CEMETARY, AUGUST 1, 1950. FOUND UNDER ROCK ON HILLSIDE. CLOSER TO THIS SUBSPECIES THAN TO [[underline]] HESPERIA [[/underline]], IN MY OPINION. THE PATTERN BELOW THE LATERAL STRIPE CONFORMS WELL WITH SMITH'S DESCRIPTION, ALTHO THE DORSOLATERAL LIGHT STRIPE DOES ENTER THE 7 [[underlined superscript]] TH [[/underlined superscript]] SCALE ROW, AS IN [[underline]] HESPERIA [[/underline]].
RHADINAEA TRENIATA (PETERS) DEC. 15, 1949. #49[[strikeout]]?[[/strikeout]]8. SPECIES PREVIOUSLY KNOWN ONLY FROM LA CUMBRE DE LOS ARRASTRADOS, JALISCO, AND MICHOACAN (? ^[[SEE NEXT PAGE]]EX CHECK LIST). GOT IT IN SIERRA DE AUTZAN, JALISCO. 17-17-17, 8 UPPER LABIAL, 4+5 IN ORBIT, 10 LOWER LABIALS. 2 PREOCCULARS. TEMPORAL LIGHT STRIPE CONTINUOUS ON LEFT SIDE, ALSO JOINS THE VERTICAL STRIPE FROM CORNER OF MOUTH. ON RIGHT SIDE, THE EYE STRIPE IS DISCONTINUOUS, NOT TOUCHING DORSILATERAL STRIPE, AND THE VERTICAL STRIPE FROM CORNER OF MOUTH TOUCHES NEITHER. SPOTS ON EACH VENTRAL MAY 1/2 LENGTH OF BODY, THEN PETER OUT, GROUND COLOR 3 1/2 ROWS, BLACK STRIPE FROM 3.5 TO 4.5, GROUND COLOR STRIPE FROM 4.5 TO 6.5, A BLACK LINE DOWN CENTER OF 7[[underlined superscript]]TH[[/underlined superscript]], [[strikeout]]?[[/strikeout]] SLIGHTLY DARKER THAN GROUND COLOR FROM 6.5 TO 9 AND TO 6.5 ON OTHER SIDE, A [[strikeout]]?[[/strikeout]]BROKEN, DOTTED STRIPE FAINT DOWN THE CENTER OF NINE.
SALVADORA JUNE 21, 1950-TAZICUARO, ABOUT 15 KM. W. OF MORELIA. 883. UNDER A ROCK IN LIMESTONE SINK. BELLY LIGHT YELLOWISH, GREENISH YELLOW IN SIDE STRIPES WHICH ARE ACTUALLY LIGHT BROWN. IRIS LIGHT BROWN.
J M SALVADORA BAIRDII JAN. [[checkmark]] 1con.fen.obaid., 2, 1860, pl. 3, fig. 2. T.L.: MEXICO. [[strikeout]]?[[/strikeout]] TANCITARO (S+S.), URUAPAN(SMITH) RECOG.CHAR.: 2 PREOCULARS, [[strikeout]]LONG[[/strikeout]]SHORTER, TAIL, STRIPES COMPLETE. MARCH 19, 1949. DR. MCVAUGH CAUGHT THIS SPECIES FOR ME AT 7,800 FT. ON THE W. SLOPE OF CERRO SAN ANDRES. IT WAS IN A GRASSY AREA ON A PINE SLOPE. IT BIT MCVAUGH VICIOUSLY WHEN TAKEN.
SIBON NEBULATUS JAP# 1042- MICHOACAN: 1/2 MI. S. OF AQUILA, [[plus/minus sign]]250 FEET, JULY 11, 1950. IN BASE OF ELEPHANT EAR, GROWING BESIDE SMALL STREAM IN VALLEY OF RIO AQUILA. 1[[underlined superscript]]ST[[/underlined superscript]] MICHOACAN RECORD, MOST NORTHERN RECORD ON PACIFIC SLOPE FOR GENUS.
M SONORA MICHOACANENSIS MICHOACANENSIS (DUGÈS) IN CBPE, PROC. AMER.CHICAG. SOC., 1884 (1885), p. 178. T.L.: "MICHOACAN" MICH.I APATZINGAN (S.+S.) ALSO SCHMIDT+SHANNON, FIG. DIANA, 1947, p. 82. COLOR: BLACK NUCHAL COLLAR, BLACK HEADS WITH GRAY INTERNASALS. REST OF BODY VARIES GREATLY WITH INDIVIDUALS. JULY 31, 1950. 1153-4. THESE TWO AND A THIRD WERE COLLECTED UNDER THE BARK OF A STUMP + UNDER LOGS. JULY 28, ON THE SIERRA DE CAMICHINES, 2 MI. E. OF COALCOMAN. THEY MADE NO ATTEMPT TO BITE. 1153 NOT ONLY HAS BROADER RED AREAS THAN 1154, [[strikeout]]?[[/strikeout]] THE RED IS DEFINITELY LIGHTER + BRIGHTER. IT IS NOT A MATTER OF WHICH HAS MORE RECENTLY SHED, EITHER, BECAUSE I PEELED THE OLD SKIN OFF 1154 PERSONALLY, AS HE HAD JUST STARTED TO SHED WHEN I PICKED HIM UP. HE IS DEFINITELY AT HIS BRIGHTEST. THE THIRD I AM KEEPING ALIVE. IT IS A JUVENILE,-IN HOPES IT WILL ALSO SHED, AS IT IS QUITE DINGY RIGHT NOW. 3RD SPECIMEN IS JAP 1203.
J STORERIA STORERIOIDES (COPE) [[checkmark]] PROC. ANSP, 17,1865, p. 190. T.L.: "MEXICAN PLATEAU BETWEEN THE EASTERN RANGE AND THE VALLEY OF MEXICO" MICH.:TANCÍTARO (S.+S.) DEC. 15, 1949 # 502 - 46 SUBCAUDALS- [[female symbol]] # 364 - # 500 -
J M THAMNOPHIS EQUES EQUES (REUSS) [[checkmark]] ZOOL. MISC., 1834, p. 152, pl. 8. T.L.: MEXICO. MICH.: TANCÍTARO (S.+S.) DEC. 26, 1949- # 499-159 VENTRALS, [[male sign]] # 476 [[2 lines text bracketed by '}' at right followed by this text]] THESE ARE [[underline]]SCALARIS SCALIGER[[/underline]] DEC. 27, 1949. UMMZ 85739-42, GUERRERO DIFFER FROM THE USUAL EQUES IN HAVING THE LATERAL STRIPE REACHING DOWN TO THE VENTRALS, BEING A BROAD BAND RATHER THAN A STRIPE. IT IS ON THE 1[[underlined superscript]]ST[[/underlined superscript]]2[[underlined superscript]]ND[[/underlined superscript]] + 3[[underlined superscript]]RD[[/underlined superscript]] SCALE ROWS IN ALL 4. THE BLACK SPOTS, NORMALLY ON THE 1[[underlined superscript]]ST[[/underlined superscript]] ROW, ARE EITHER COMPLETELY ON THE VENTRALS OR THE BOTTOM HALF OF THE 1[[underlined superscript]]ST[[/underlined superscript]]ROW, ENTERING THE LATERAL LINE, AND ARE GREATLY REDUCED. (SEE BELOW [[down arrow]]) DEC. 29, 1949. I FIND IN DR. HARTING'S NOTES THAT THE ABOVE SHOULD BE LABELLED [[underline]]SCALARIS GODMANI[[/underline]], ACCORDING TO H.M. SMITH, WHO EXAMINED THE SPECIMENS. THIS STRAIGHTENS OUT SOME OF THE COMPLICATIONS. UMMZ #99560, CALLED [[underline]]S. SCALIGER[[/underline]] BY DOWLING, IS ACTUALLY [[underline]]EQUES EQUES[[/underline]]. MY NUMBER 416 IS ALSO [[underline]] EQUES EQUES.[[/underline]]
[[underline]]THAMNOPHIS SAURITUS PROXIMUS[[/underline]] DEC. 13, 1949- LAB EXAMINATION. 769-162 VENTRALS, BOBBED TAIL. 19 SC. ROWS, STRIPE ON 3[[underlined superscript]]RD[[/underlined superscript]] + 4[[underlined superscript]]TH[[/underlined superscript]] ROW. [[ankh]].
J M THAMNOPHIS SCALARIS SCALIGER JAN ELENCO. SYST. DEGLI OPHIDI 1863, p. [[strikeout]]170.[[/strikeout]]70. T.L.: UNKNOWN. MICH.: MT. TANCITARO. DEC. 27, 1949 # 716 GOES HERE, I BELIEVE, REGARDLESS OF SMITH'S REMARKS CONCERNING THE LATERALLINE OF SCALARIS, WHICH HE SAYS IS INDISTINCT OR INVISIBLE. IT IS WELL MARKED IN ALL UMMZ SPECIMENS. DEC. 29, 1949. I REVISE MY IDEAS. S. SCALIGER IS THE FORM IN JALSICO (2 FROM AUTRAN), AND IS RECOGNIZABLE BY THE DIM (BUT NOT INDISTINCT) LATERALLINES. #716 IS THE TRUE EQUES (AS SMITH RECOGNIZES IT). FROM REUSS' PICTURE OF THE TYPE OF EQUES, I VENTURE A GUESS THAT THE NAME MAY BE MISAPPLIED. # 476; 499; 715 ALL GO IN HERE.
TOLUCA LINEATA ACUTA DEC. 20, 1949. #90764 (2) IN UMMZ, IDENTIFIED AS [[underline]] CONOPSIS NASUS [[/underline]], ARE DEFINITELY THIS FORM. THE LARGER INDIVIDUAL FITS DESC. WELL, THE SMALLER HAS NO PIGMENT ON THE BELLY OR TAIL. I REMOVED THE MAXILLARY OF THE LARGER, AND THE POSTERIOR TEETH ARE DEEPLY GROOVED. THEY WERE COLLECTED BY HOBART SMITH & SENT TO US BY D. McA. FORBES, BUT WHO IDENTIFIED THEM I DO NOT KNOW. TAYLOR & SMITH (U. KAN SCI. BULL. 28, 1942, p. 347) REMARK ON UMMZ 88698 (5), WHICH THEY STATE ARE FROM EL CIMÓN, VERACRUZ, SAY THAT [[strikethrough]] IT DOES [[/strikethrough]] THEY DO NOT FIT THE VERACRUZ FORM AT ALL, AGREEING MORE CLOSELY WITH THE PUEBLA FORM. I CHECKED OUR CATALOG, AND IT SAYS "PUEBLA: EL CIMON" - THE RIGHT STATE BUT WRONG LOCALITY. WE HAVE SEVERAL OTHER THINGS COLLECTED BY GARCIA ON THE SAME DAY - SEPT. 16, 1949, AT AND ABOUT TEHUACON IN PUEBLA, AS WELL AS PEROTE, V.C. I AM SURE THE [[underline]] TOLUCA [[/underline]] COME FROM PUEBLA, AND THE FINAL LOCALITY IS ALL THAT'S MISTAKEN. TAYLOR & SMITH MUST HAVE INTERPOLATED TO GET VERACRUZ INTO IT.
J M TRIMORPHODON BISCUTATUS [[strikeout]]? ? (?)[[/strikeout]] [[checkmark]] [[strikeout]]? CENT. AMER. 189?.p. 115, pl. 41 T.L.: ? ? ? ? GUERRERO + SANIZAMON IN JALISCO.[[/strikeout]] JULY 6, 1950- LA PLACITA, MICHOACAN. #986= TRIMORPHODON BISCUTACUS ON THE NIGHT OF JULY 4, ONE OF THE LOCAL PEOPLE RUSHED IN AND WANTED SOMEBODY TO COME GET A SNAKE OUT OF THEIR HOUSE TURNER WENT AFTER IT, I WAS FROG HUNTING. HE BROUGHT IN ONE OF THESE, WHICH HAD GONE IN THE HOUSE. LIFE: GROUND COLOR A PINKISH BROWN, BECOMING ALMOST PINK IMMEDIATELY [[strikeout]]AFTER[[/strikeout]] AT THE BLOTCHES. HEAD ONLY SLIGHTLY DARKER THAN THE BODY GROUND COLOR, WITH OLIVE STRIPES. THESE OLIVE STRIPES ARE LIGHTLY BORDERED BY BLACK. THE DORSAL COLOR LIGHTENS TOWARD THE LIP, GETTING PINKER AND FINALLY WHITE AT THE LABIALS. THE CHIN IS WHITE, WITH BROWNISH PINK AT THE CORNERS OF THE MOUTH. THE EYE IS YELLOW GREEN SPECKLED WITH BROWN + BLACK, WITH A BLACK VERTICAL STRIP OF A PUPIL. THE TONGUE IS WHITE TIPPED SHADING TO PINKISH RED. THE VENTRAL COLOR IS LIGHT PINK, VERY LIGHT. THE BLOTCHES ON THE EDGES OF THE VENTRALS ARE GOLDEN BROWN. THE DORSAL BLOTCHES ARE BLACKEDGED. THE SCALES WITHIN THE BLACK EDGE ARE GOLDEN BROWN WITH MORE OR LESS BLACK MOTTLING. THE SAIL IS THE SAME AS THE BODY BASICALLY, AND IS MOTTLED WITH DRAB AND LIGHT FLESH PINK [?]ECON.
TROPIDODIPSAS (OCCIDENTALIS?) JULY 31, 1950, NO 1157. FOUND THIS SPECIMEN UNDER A ROCK AT THE FOOT OF A LARGE BARRANCA RUNNING UP THE SE SLOPE OF THE SIERRA DE GUZMAN A LIMESTONE HILL IN THE MIDDLE OF THE COALCOMAN VALLEY. THE WHITE RINGS ARE CHALK WHITE, THE BLACK IS INKY BLACK. THE TONGUE IS GRAYISH BLACK, THE EYES ARE COMPLETELY BLACK.
TROPIDODIPSAS OCCIDENTALA JAP #1157- MICHOACAN: 1/2MI. ESE OF COALCOMAN, AT FOOT OF SIERRA DE GUZMAN, 3500[[plus/minus sign]]', JULY 29, 1950. UNDER ROCK AT BOTTOM OF BARRANCA, IN GRAZED PASTURE. LIMESTONE HILL. I AM NOT TOTALLY CONVINCED THAT OCCIDENTALA + PHILLIPI ARE [[underline]]N[[/underline]]OT SYNONYMOUS. THE DEFINITIONS ARE WEAK FOR 2 SPECIES PRESUMABLY OCCUPYING THE SAME AREA. AND RANGE. 1[[underlined superscript]]ST[[/underlined superscript]] RECORD FOR MICHOACAN, 2[[underlined superscript]]ND[[/underlined superscript]]SPECIMEN EVER COLLECTED (KNOWN FROM TYPE ONLY).
J M AMEIVA UNDULATA SINISTRA SMITH & LAUFE [[checkmark]] U. KANS. SCI. BULL., 31, 1946, p. 57. T.L: MANZANILLO, CALIMA. JALISCO: 2 MI. N. OF LA RESOLANA, 1500 FT., APRIL 6 - 8, 194[[5?]] RATHER COMMON IN OCCURRENCE. MOST ABUNDANT IN DRY GRASSY FIELDS, MANY ROCKS, SPARSE TREE COVER. NOT IN THE WET AREAS AT ALL. JULY 16, 1950 - OSTULA, MICHOACAN. JAP # 1100 BACK RUST BROWN, SIDES SOMEWHAT RUSSET, WITH GREENISH SPOTTING, DORSAL SURFACE OF LEGS AS BODY. TOP OF HEAD BROWN - BLACK, SIDE OF HEAD AND NECK YELLOWISH - GREEN, THROAT BRIGHT SAFFRON YELLOW, BELLY WHITISH, WITH BLUE AT SIDES. TAIL BLUE AND WHITISH BELOW.
[[underline]] ANOLIS [[/underline]] [[underline]] STUART, 4/18/51. [[/underline]] 1012 - CLOSE TO UTONANAE. [[male sign]] 1023 - TOTALLY DIFF. FROM OTHERS IN SERIES. [[female sign]] THIS [[underline]] MIGHT [[/underline]] BE SEXUAL, BUT DOUBTFUL. LARGE EAR OPENINGS, MANY SCALES BETWEEN [[SURFACES?]] & SUPRACILIARIES OTHERS PROBABLY ALL SAME - [[underline]] NEBULOSUS [[/underline]] TYPE
M BASILISCUS VITTATUS WIEGMANN [[checkmark]] T.SIS [[or ISIS? 1515?]], 21, 1828, p. 273. T.L.: MEXICO. MICH.:APATZINGAN (S.&S.) NONE IN UMMZ, EITHER MONT. JUNE 25, 1950. [[plus/minus sign]] 1 MI. W. OF COAHUAYANA, [[plus/minus sign]] 100FT. A LARGE INDIVIDUAL OF THIS SPECIES WAS IN A TREE ABOVE MY HEAD AT A SMALL POND (FROM [[which?]] I TOOK [[kin?s]] [[je????]] INTEGRAM). HIS CREST WAS QUITE PROMINENT, AND MY GENERIC RECOGNITION IS UNDENIABLE. HE CERTAINLY IS A BASILISK. I DO NOT HAVE MY RIFLE. JULY [[strikeout]][[?]][[/strikeout]] 16, 1950- OSTULA, MICHOACAN. I HAVE FOUND THIS LIZARD TO BE VERY COMMON ON THE COAST. THEY ARE ABUNDANT ABOUT ANY WATER, AND THEY TAKE TO IT READILY, RUNNING ACROSS THE SURFACE WITH GREAT SPLASHING. THEIR PASSAGE IS QUITE NOISY. THEY WERE VERY COMMON ABOUT A BRACKISH LAGOON WITHIN 100 YARDS UP THE OCEAN, WHERE THE RIO AQUILA EMPTIES. TOOK ONE YESTERDAY, LYING IN THE OPEN ON A ROCK DURING A LIGHT RAIN. IT IS ONE OF THE FEW LIZARDS WHICH I SAW ACTIVE DURING THE RAIN.
[[underline]] CNEMIDOPHORUS[[/underline]] 4/12/51. I DO NOT BELIEVE THAT EITHER OF THE SUBSPECIFIC NAMES APPLIED TO MICHOACAN FORMS OF THE SPECIES [[underline]] SACKII[[/underline]] AND [[underline]]GOTTATUS[[/underline]] IN S.+T. ARE CORRECT. CERTAINLY MY [[underline]]GOTTATUS[[/underline]] ARE QUITE DIFFERENT FROM HARTING'S FROM CHIAPAS, AND IT IS PATENTLY ABSURD TO APPLY ONE NAME TO THE [[underline]]SACKII[[/underline]] FROM NUEVO LEON TO THE PACIFIC COAST OF MICHOACAN. MY CONCLUSIONS SPECIFICALLY ARE UNDER SEPARATE SPECIES HEADINGS THE [[underline]]DEPPER[[/underline]] FROM MICHOACAN, ON THE OTHER HAND, ARE GOOD [[underline]]LINEASISSIMOS[[/underline]].
CNEMIDOPHORUS JULY 9, 1950- SW OF LA PLACITA, MICHOACAN. 0900: FOUND A PAIR IN COPULATION ON A MUD FLAT OF THE RIO AQUILA, OUT IN OPEN. THE [[male sign]] WAS MUCH LARGER THAN THE [[female sign]], AND OF A DIFFERENT PATTERN. HE HAD THE ISOLATED LARGE ORANGE STRIPE DOWN THE BACK, WITH SEVERAL OTHER DORSAL STRIPES AND THEN THE MOTTLED SIDES. THE [[female sign]] HAD THE REGULAR LINING ON THE BACK OF A YOUNG INDIVIDUAL OF THE SPECIES. THE MALE HAD HIS HIND QUARTERS TWISTED TO ONE SIDE OF THE FEMALE, AND THE LEFT HEMIPENIS WAS INSERTED. HIS BODY WAS TURNED ON A SHARP COIL OVER HER BACK, AND HIS NOSE WAS PUSHED AGAINST THE GROUND. THE [[female sign]] LAY QUITE STILL, THE [[male sign]] SHUDDERED. SOON AFTER I WALKED UP THE [[female sign]] STRUGGLED LOOSE, AND RAN AWAY. THE [[male sign]] FOLLOWED, WITH HEMIPENIS STILL EVERTED. HE WAS UNABLE TO FIND HER, ALTHO HE COURSED ABOUT CONSIDERABLY. FOR THE FIRST FEW MINUTES HE DRAGGED HIS HIND LEGS AS THO THEY WERE PARALYZED. 0920: SEXUAL ACTIVITY IS QUITE HIGH AMONG THE TRIIDS. I'VE SEEN SEVERAL [2 male signs]] CHASING [[2 female signs]] SINCE I SAW THE COPULATION.
J M CNEMIDOPHORUS DEPPEI LINEATISSIMUS COPE [[checkmark]] PROC. AMER. PHILOS. SOC., 17, 1877, p. 94. T.L.: COLIMA + GUADALAJARA MICH.: APATZINGAN, ACANUATO (S.+S.) RECOG. CHAR.: 3 SUPRAOCULARS. JAN. 11, 1950. 447;451 FROM LA RESOLANA, JALISCO ARE OF THIS SPECIES.
J M CNEMIDOPHORUS GULARIS B.+G. [[check mark]] PROC. ANSP, 1852, p. 128. T.L.: INDIANOLA AND THE VALLEY OF RIO GRANDE DEL NONTE. MICH.: APATZINGAN, ACARUATO, (S.+S.) JAL.1 ZAPOTLAN (HMS 1939) RECOG. CHAR: 4 SUPRAOCCULARS (3 IN OTHER [[strikeout]]?[[/strikeout]] CNEMIDO. IN AREA) JALISCO: 4MI. NE OF AUTLAN; 3000 FT., APRIL 6, 1949. NO. 411. THIS LIZARD, TENTATIVELY IDENTIFIED HERE AS THIS SPECIES, WAS TAKEN UNDER A ROCK IN THE EARLY MORNING, BEFORE SUNRISE. HE MADE NO EFFORT TO ESCAPE. JALISCO: 1 MI. N. OF SAN GABRIEL, 4000 FT., MARCH 30, 1949. NO. 412 TAKEN IN EARLY MORNING UNDER ROCK. RETREATED INTO A BLIND HOLE UNDER THE ROCK, AND I GOT HIM COMING OUT. JALISCO: 1 MI. W. OF SAN GABRIEL, 4000 FT., MARCH 30, 1949. NO. 413. TAKEN IN HEAT OF AFTERNOON IN SAND NEAR SMALL CREEK. IT TRIED TO BURY ITSELF IN THE SAND TO ESCAPE ME. [[watermark reading UNO]]
CTENOSAURA 3 collected 5-7 miles west of Ameca were kept as skulls only but counts were made as follows: No. | Scales in crest | scales between crests | Upper labials | Lower labials | Longest hind toe | No scales between [[underline]] complete [[/underline]] spine ribs 553 | 82 | 14 | 13-11 | 14-14 | 40-x | 3-3-3-2-2-2 554 | 69 | 16 | 13-14 | 13-11 | 39-x | 3-3-2-2-2 555 | 73 | 14 | 11-12 | 12-13 | 36-39 | 3-3-3-2-2-2-2 [[No.]] | Fem. pores | Sex 553 | 5-x | [[?]] [[female symbol]] 554 | 6-6 | [[female symbol]] 555 | 6-6 | [[female symbol]] All three have broad black bands separated by narrow rusty bands, altho in the largest (554) the rusty bands are principally mottlings. The ventral portion of the forelegs are greenish yellow, black with mottling of green yellow above. The hind legs are mottled above similarly, unicolor greenish below, tail alternates dark & light. Head unicolor black in 2, mottled with green in 553. The hornyness of the tail seems less than usual. The rows next to the center crest row usually lack horns all the way. And there are no good legitimate whorle [[posteriory?]], but rather horizontal spine rows.
M CTENOSAURA PECTINATA WIEGMANN [[checkmark]] HERN. MED., 1834,p. 42, pl.2 T.L.: COLIMA (RGF. BY BAILEY, 1928) MICH.: APATZINGAN (S.+S.) JULY 7, 1950. LA PLACITA, MICHOACAN. SHOT ONE IN THE YARD OF THE HOUSE WE ARE IN. TOOK BERRIES OF A TREE FROM HIS STOMACH, OF TURNER'S NO. 2010 AND 2017-WROTE HIM FOR IDENTIFICATION. JULY 9, 1950. NOTES ON LIVE JUVENILE: LEAF GREEN DORSALLY, SHADING INTO YELLOW GREEN ON THE BELLY. HEAD SOMEWHAT DARKER GREEN THAN REST OF BODY. NO TRACE OF PATTERN ON THE BACK AT ALL. TAIL BANDED WITH LIGHT BROWN AND A BROWN ONLY SLIGHTLY DARKER THAN THE LIGHT. GREEN OF BACK RUNS BACK 13 TAIL WHORLS. UPPER LIP GREEN; LOWER LIP YELLOW. EYE LIGHT REDDISH BROWN, WITH BLACK PUPIL. JULY 31, 1950. COALCOMAN, MICHOACAN. SHOT ONE AT THE FOOT OF SIERRA DE GUZMAN, ABOUT 1/2MI. SE UP COALCOMAN. HE WAS IN THE FOOTPATH,AND I HAD TO SHOOT HIM WITH .410 HE WAS A BRIGHT GREEN WHEN I SHOT,^[[HIM]] BUT NOW, AFTER BEING DEAD A COUPLE OF HOURS, HE HAS LOST A LOT OF THE GREEN AND PATTERN SHOWS DISTINCTLY. HIS HEAD IS AN INTERESTING PATCHWORK OF BLACK AND YELLOW, EACH SCALE BEING ONE OR THE OTHER. ON TRIP FROM OSTULA TO LA PLACITA, STORER PICKED UP A DEAD [[underline]]BUTEO NITIDA[[/underline]], WHICH HAD 2 OF THE VERY YOUNG, QUITE GREEN JUVENILES IN ITS CROP.
P=PRESENT A=ABSENT EUMECES [[4x8 table]] [[row 1]] [[blank]]:Scale Rows: No. NUCHALS: PARIET. ENCLOSED: LEG OVERLAP: 7TH LAB. IN CONT. WITH TEMP.: PRIM. TEMPOR.: FRONTOPAR. IN CONT.:[[BLANK]] [[row 2]] JAP 1434: 22: 2: NO: NO: YES: P: [[blank]]: OCNOTERENAI [[row 3]]JAP 0276: 26: 2: YES: YES: NO: P: YES: COLIMENSIS [[row 4]] JAP 1189: 26: 2: YES: YES:NO: P: YES: COLIMENSIS [[/4x8 table]] NOTE DIFFERENCES OF 1276 + 1189 FROM TYPE OF [[underline]]COLIMENSIS[[/underline]] TYPE ODD INDIVIDUAL, WITH [[strikeout]]PRIM[[/strikeout]] SECONDARY TEMP. FUSED TO PRIM. TEMPORAL, FRONTO PARIETALS SEPARATED WITHOUT THESE 2 CHARACTERS THE TWO JAP NUMBERS FIT [[underline]] COLIMENSIS [[/underline]] FAIRLY WELL, AND COULD SERVE AS A BASIS FOR REDESCRIPTION OF SPECIES.
EUMECES JULY 7, 1950 - LA PLACITA, MICH. JAP # 990. TOOK THIS SINGLE SPECIMEN YESTERDAY ABOUT A MILE AND A HALF EAST OF TOWN, IN THE BRUSHY THICKET. IT WAS UNDER THE BARK OF A FALLEN TREE, ABOUT 4 FEET OFF THE GROUND. ' LIVE SPECIMEN: THE DORSAL COLOR IS OLIVE BROWN WITH BLACKISH SPECKLING. THE DORSOLATERAL LINE IS DULL TAN, AND FADES OUT ON THE BODY. THE TAIL IS ^[[GOLD]] BROWNISH ABOVE, SPOTTED WITH BLUE-BLACK, AND IS LIGHT BLUE BENEATH. THE BELLY IS GREENISH GRAY. THE UPPER LIP, CHIN AND THROAT ARE WHITE. THE DORSOLATERAL LINES ARE FAINTLY LINED WITH BLACK, AND THE AREA BELOW THE LINE IS HEAVIER WITH BLACK THAN THE REST OF THE BODY, PARTICULARLY ON THE SHOULDER. THERE ARE NO LINES ON THE TOP OF HEAD OR MEDIALLY ABOVE. JULY 14, 1950. JAP # 1043. BILL TURNER CAUGHT A SECOND OF THESE IN THE APPROXIMATE AREA THE FIRST CAME FROM. IT DIFFERS SOMEWHAT IN COLOR, AS FOLLOWS: OLIVE BROWN ON BACK, BECOMING TAN ON HEAD. SHARP BLACK LINE DORSOLATERALLY, STARTING AT CANTHUS, PASSING THRU EYE,' WHICH IS ENTIRELY BLACK, AND ON TO POINT OF HIND LEG INSERTION. A CLEAR CREAM LATERAL WHITE LINE, BEGINNING ON THE SNOUT, AND PASSING UNBROKEN TO THE GROIN. IT BROADENS AT THE AXILLA, THEN NARROWS AGAIN. THERE IS AN INDEFINITE BLACK AREA BELOW THIS STRIPES AND THEN THE GREENISH CREAM-BELLY. THE TAIL & HIND LEGS ARE DARK CREAM BELOW. CHIN IS WHITE.
[[strikeout]]EUMECES[[/strikeout]] LEIOLOPISMA ASSATUM TRYCORI. JULY 16, 1950 OSTULA, MICHOACAN. [[plus/minus sign]] 500 FEET. JAP #1106. TAKEN UNDER ROCKS IN AN OPEN FIELD SURROUNDED BY BRUSH. LOST HIS TAIL BEFORE I CAUGHT HIM. TAIL SALVAGED. LIVE SPECIMEN: DORSALLY A VERY LIGHT, SHINY BROWN, WITH NO TRACE OF LINES AT ALL. WHOLE BACK UNIFORM IN COLOR HEAD VERY SLIGHTLY DARKER BROWN THAN BACK. A THIN BLACK LINE STARTS BACK OF THE EYE AND RUNS SLIGHTLY POSTERIOR TO AXILLA, WHERE IT DISAPPEARS COMPLETELY. THE SIDES AND BELLY ARE VERY CLEAR, WITH A FAINT YELLOWISH TINGE, AND ARE QUITE TRANSPARENT, SO THAT ONE CAN SEE THRU THE SKIN, CHIN IS WHITE, THROAT AS BELLY. ENTIRE TAIL SALMON PINK.
EUMECES LIZARDS OF THIS GENUS ARE CALLED SALAMANQUESA BY THE INDIANS ON NEVADO DE COLIMA. IN NAYARIT, THEY ARE CALLED SALAMANQUESA + SALAMANDRA.
EUMECES. AUGUST 1, 1950- 1/2 MI. NE OF COALCOMAN, MICH. 3500', JAP 1189. FOUND UNDER A ROCK AT FOOT OF CERRO DE AVILLOS, ON RIVER SIDE OF HILL, NEAR CEMETARY. BACK A SHINY, GLOSSY BLACK, AS IS HEAD, DORSOLATERAL LINES STRAW YELLOW, STARTING ON SNOUT, PASS ABOVE EYE. LIGHT STRAWCOLORED LINE ON UPPER LIP RUNS TO FOREARM. CHIN RATHER ORANGE, VERY LIGHT. MORE BRIGHT ON LIPS. VENTRALLY A VERY PALE YELLOW, WITH SCALES APPARENTRY[[?]] FAINTLY OUTLINED IN BLACK. TAIL ENTIRELY BLUE.
[[underline]]PHYLLODACTYLUS[[/underline]] [[underline]]FEB. 6, 1950[[/underline]] SOMETHING MUST BE FISHY IN THIS GENUS. I FIND IT RATHER DIFFICULT TO BELIEVE THAT ONE LOCALITY CAN LEGITIMATELY PRODUCE 3 NEW SPECIES, ALREADY OCCUPIED BY A FOURTH (OLDER) SPECIES. THEY ALL APPEAR WITHIN 7 YEARS OF EACH OTHER. THE LOC. IS TIERRA COLORADA,GUERRERO, AND IT IS THE TYPE LOCALITY FOR [[underline]]LANEI[[/underline]] SMITH, [[underline]]DELCAMPI[[/underline]] MOSAVER, AND [[underline]]MAGNUS[[/underline]] TAYLOR. P. [[underline]]TUBERCULOSUS[[/underline]] HAS ALSO BEEN FOUND THERE.
PHYLLODACTYLUS JULY 6, 1950. LA PLACITA. JAP # 989. FOUND MY FIRST SPECIMEN OF THIS TODAY, ABOUT 1 1/2 MI. E OF LA PLACITA.. HE WAS UNDER THE BARK OF A HUGE, STANDING TREE. I SAW ANOTHER LIZARD GO UP THE TREE AS I CAUGHT THIS ONE, AND IT WAS PROBABLY THE SAME. LIVE SPECIMEN: THE DORSAL GROUND COLOR IS A SLIGHTLY GREENISH GRAY, THE GREEN BECOMING [[strikeout]]?[[/strikeout]] SLIGHTLY MORE PROMINENT ON THE HEAD. THE MARKINGS ON THE BODY ARE BLACK WITH A SLIGHT BROWN CAST. THE VENTRAL SURFACE IS WHITE WITH ALL THE PINK OF THE FLESH SHINING THRU. THE WHOLE HYOID APPARATUS IS VISIBLE THRU THE FLESH OF THE THROAT. [[sketch of hyoid apparatus]] [[caption]] THE HYOID AS SKETCHED FROM LIVING SPECIMEN.[[/caption]] THE COLORS OF THE LIMBS + HEAD ARE THE SAME AS THE BODY. THE TAIL IS BONDED WITH [[strikeout]]BLACK AND[[/strikeout]] GREENISH GRAY BLACKISH BROWN ABOVE. IT IS GREENISH MOTTLED WITH BROWN BELOW. THE PADS ON THE TOES ARE DEAD CHALK WHITE.
M J IGUANA IGUANA RHINOLOPNA WIGGMAN[[line]] [[checkmark]] HERP. MEX., 1834, p 44. T.L.: MEXICO. MICH.: APATZINGAN (S.+S.) RECOG. CHAR: NO SPINY RINGS ON TAIL, LARGE, OVAL PLATELIKE SCALE BELOW CORNER OF MOUTH. JULY 8, 1950. LA PLACITA, MICHOACAN. JAP # 1019. TWO BOYS BROUGHT IN A JUVENILE OF THIS SPECIES, LAST NIGHT, THE FIRST I'VE BEEN SURE WAS IGUANA AND NOT CTENOSAURA. I'VE NOT SHOT ANY OF THE LARGE ADULTS. I COULDNT HANDLE THEM. LIVE JUVENILE: HEAD LEAF GREEN, WITH YELLOWISH GREEN AROUND EYES. SOME BLUE GREEN ON EYELID. MUCH YELLOW ON CHEEKS AND THROAT, DEWLAP A DULL YELLOW WITH ^[[DARK]] GREEN STRIPES. EYE REDDISH BROWN, WITH A YELLOW RING AROUND THE BLACK PUPIL. A WHITE SPOT ON NECK BEHIND LARGE PLATE, ANOTHER ON SHOULDER, DEAD WHITE. A WHITE STRIPE, INCOMPLETE, FROM SHOULDER TO SHOULDER. 5 WHITE STRIPES FROM AXILLA TO GROIN. DORSALLY DULL GREEN SHADING TO YELLOW GREEN ON BELLY, TAIL RINGED WITH BROWN AND YELLOW GREEN. THE LARGE SCALE ON THE SIDE OF THE HEAD IS WHITE TINGED WITH BLUE.
M EUMECES INDUBITUS TAYLOR TJ.KANS. SCI. BULL. 21,1933,p.257. T.L.: MEXICO-CUERNAVACA. HEN[[?]]Y, 80 MI. SW OF MEXICO CITY (KM. 63) RECOG. CHAR.: 4 SUPRAOCULARS, NO MEDIAN LIGHT LINE OR FORKING LIGHT LINES ON HEAD; NARROW LABIAL LIGHT LINE TERMINATING AT EAR; NO LATERAL LIGHT LINE BEYOND EAR. SIMILAR TO [[underline]] DUGESII [[/underline]] & [[underline]] BREVIROSTRIS [[/underline]] ALL IN SAME GROUP. MICH: 15 MI. SE OF ZITÁCUARO. PINE FORESTS, AT ELEVATIONS OF 8-12,000'. [[aerial view sketch of head of animal taped to right side of center of page]] [[caption on left of picture]] TAYLOR, U. KANS. SCI. BULL, 26, 1935,p. 468, FIG.78. -->[[/caption on left of picture]] MARCH 25, 1949. TOOK TWO LIZARDS (COLL. NO. 341-2) WHICH APPARENTLY FIT HERE AT NEVADO DE COLIMA, JALISCO. THE BODIES OF BOTH ARE QUITE SLIM ANTERIORLY, BUT GET FATTER AT BELLY. THEY MAY BE PREGNANT FEMALES. THEY BOTH HAVE 4 SUPRAOCULARS ON BOTH SIDES. THE LIZARDS WERE UNDER THE BARK OF LOGS IN PINE WOODS (SOME OAK) AT AN ABANDONED SAW MILL AT 8,200 FT., NEAR THE VILLAGE OF EL ISOLTE, 3 KM. SE OF JASMIN ( ON THE MILLIONTH MAPS) MARCH 23, 1949. SAW ANOTHER AT ABOUT 7800 FT., IN MIXED PINE OAK WOODS. HE WENT UNDER A LOG I COULD NOT TURN.
[[strikeout]]MARCH[[/strikeout]] APRIL 3, 1949 JALISCO, 10 MI. W. OF CIUDAD GUZMAN, 6500 FT. 438-440. THIS LOCALITY IS NORTH OF THE NEVADO DE COLIMA, ON THE EASTERN SLOPES OF THE CHAIN OF MTS. RUNNING NORTH. THE 3 SPECIMENS WERE UNDER ROCKS OR LOGS, ALL STILL MOVING SLOWLY AFTER THE CHILLY NIGHT. THEY APPEAR NO DIFFERENTLY FROM THOSE AT EL ISOLTE. ALL HAVE 4 SUPRAOCULARS. JAN. 3, 1950 #341. 24 S.R., 57 SCALES ANUS TO HEAD, PARIETALS ENCLOSE INTER-PARIETAL, PREFRONTALS NOT IN CONTACT. #342 26 S.R., 63 SCALES ANUS TO HEAD, PARIETALS JUST BARELY DO NOT ENCLOSE INTERPARIETAL, PREFRONTALS IN PINPOINT CONTACT. #438. 24 S.R., 61 SCALES ANUS TO HEAD, PARIETALS ENCLOSE INTERPARIETAL, PREFRONTALS IN BROAD CONTACT. #439. 24 S.R., 56 SCALES ANUS TO HEAD; PARIETALS INCLOSE INTERPARIETAL, PREFRONTALS NARROWLY SEPARATED. #440 24 S.R., 59 SCALES ANUS TO HEAD. PARIETALS INCLOSE INTERPARIETAL, PREFRONTALS IN BROAD CONTACT #647. 24 S.4., 61 SCALE [[strikeout]]RWOS[[/strikeout]] ANUS TO HEAD, PARIETALS ENCLOSE INTERPARIETAL, PREFRONTALS WIDELY SEPARATED. #709. 24 S.R., 58 SCALES ANUS TO HEAD; PARIETALS ENCLOSE INTERPARIETALS, PREFRONTALS IN BROAD CONTACT. [[appears to be old tape marks over last line of text '709' ]]
[[underline]] E [[typeover]] E [[/typeover]] umeces brevirostris[[/underline]] [[strikeout]]t[[/strikeout]] group I am just about convinced that the relationship that exists in this group is almost ent [[typeover]] r [[/typeover]] irely subspecific, except for the forms [[underline]] dicei [[/underline]] and [[underline]] colimensis [[/underline]]. The form indubitus is difficult to separate from [[underline]] brevirostris [[/underline]] at best, and is perhaps conspecific. To [[strikeout]] b [[/strikeout]] be charitable, let us call it the southern end of the plateau subspecies. The northwestern portion of the [[underline]] brevirostris [[/underline]] group, perhaps characterised by the enclosure of the [[strikeout with z]] part [[/strikeout with z]] interparietal by the parietals, and pattern, is an unnamed subspecies of the form. Additional material from Durango is needed here, to see actually what happens to the interparietal there. [[strikeout with z]] The British Museum [[/strikeout with z]] Taylor had four specimens from the apparent range of this subspecies, but only one had the parietals united behind the interp. judging from the text on p. 4 [[strikeout]] 6 [[/strikeout]] 55. There is a probable [[strikeout with z]] eatern [[/strikeout with z]] eastern plateau form, into Veracruz and south to Oaxaca, which probably includes the type form. This form and [[underline]] ochoternae [[/underline]] will probably be found to intergrade in the Sierra Madre del Sur between Guerrero and Oaxaca, if they can be maintained as entities. The species [[underline]] dugesii [[/underline]] can probably be maintained as a full species, also, on the basis of the three supraoculars. This outline [[typeover]]p[[/typeover]]is partly confirmed by the Eumeces I collected in Jalisco in the Nevado de Colima, which would be intermediate [[struckout with z]] between [[/struckout with z]] between the NW subspecies and indubitus-with one out of [[strikeout]] 6 [[/strikeout]] 7 lacking complete enclosure of the interp. by the parietals. The group [[strikeout]] s [[/strikeout]], as I see it , is comp [[typeover]] l [[/typeover]] osed of the following: Brevirostris brevirostris b. indubitus b. ochoterenae b. subsp. dugesii colimensis (perhaps no good at all) dicei
M PHYLLOCACTYLUS LANEI SMITH [[checkmark]] U. KANS. SCI. BULL., 22, pp. 125, FIG.1.pl. 25. T.L.: NR. TIERRA COLORADA, GUERRERO. RECOG. CHAR.: TERMINAL LAMELLAE OF DIGITS TRUNCATE, 6 OR MORE LABIALS TO MIDDLE OF [[?]]].[[superscript checkmark]] FEB. 6, 1950. #561-NAYARIT 1 MI. SW OF SAN JOSE DEL CONDE. #G12- " 4MI. N. OF SANA ISABEL. THESE TWO ARE ASSIGNED TO THIS SPECIES UNTIL THE MESS WHICH EXISTS IN MEX. PHYLLODACTYLUS IS STRAIGHTENED OUT. THEY AGREE WITH IT ON MOST OF SMITH'S DIAGNOSTIC CHARACTERS, BUT THEY DON'T LOOK LIKE THE UMMZ PARATYPE AT ALL. COLOR IS DIFFERENT, AS IS HEAD SHAPE AND BODY PROPORTIONS. THEY HAVE [[underline]]LANEI[[/underline]] NO. OF [[strikeout]]? ?[[/strikeout]] INTERORBITAL SCALES, BUT THEIR DIGITAL LAMELLAE ARE NOT DIVIDED TO THE FINGER TIP, AS IN [[underline]]MAGNUS[[/underline]]. IT IS MOST CERTAINLY CLOSEST TO [[underline]]LANEI[[/underline]].
KEY TO SCELOPORUS TO BE FOUND IN JALISCO AND MICHOACAN . . . 1. Postfemoral dermal pocket present..[[underline]]gadoviae[[/underline]] Postfemoral dermal pocket absent...2 ... 2. Lateral body scales not imbricate..[[underline]]utiformis[[/underline]] Lateral body scales imbricate...3 3. Tail strongly compressed in [[2 male symbols]] (rounded and - light pink in [[2 female symbols]])....4 - Tail not strongly compressed in [[2 male symbols]]...5 4.[[2 female symbols]] not redheaded, [[2 male symbols]] with unbroken lateral belly patches, dark spot on interparietal not enclosing or touching light pineal spot...[[underline]]nelsoni[[/underline]] [[2 female symbols]] redheaded, [[2 male symbols]] (and [[2 female symbols]]) with series of broad dark bars on each side of belly, dark spot surrounding light pineal spot..[[underline]]pyrocephalus[[/underline]] ... 5. Scales on posterior surface of thigh granular. ...6 Scales on posterior surface of thigh not granular....10 6 .. 6. Femoral pore series closely approximated medially, 2 postrostrals...7 Femoral pore series widely separated medially, 4 postrostrals....9 7. One canthal...8 Two canthals...[[underline]] scalaris scalaris[[/underline]] 8. Light blue spot, if present, on anterior edge of black shoulder spot..[[underline]]aeneus aeneus[[/underline]] Light blue spot in middle of black shoulder spot...[[underline]]scalaris unicanthalis[[/underline]] 9. Dorsal scales very unequal...[[underline]]heterolepis[[/underline]] Dorsal scales more or less uniform, subequal. ...[[underline]]micro[[strikeout]]e[[/strikeout]]lepidotus microlepidotus[[/underline]] 10. Distinct, dark, lightbordered nuchal collar. ...11 No distinct dark light bordered nuchal collar...13 11. Supraoculars in single series, no divided scales...12 Supraoculars in two series, or, if in one, with one or more scales divided..[[underline]]dugesii[[/underline]] (WITH two subspecies)
12. Dorsal scales 31 or less...[[underline]]ferrariperezi[[/underline]] (with 2 subspecies) Dorsal scales more than 31...[[underline]]bulleri[[/underline]] 13. Supraoculars small, posterior ones not in contact with median head scales...14 Supraoculars usually very large; usually partially in contact with median head scales...15 14. Anterior section of frontal usually longi-tudinally divided, gular region immacu-late in [[2 male signs]], blue belly of [[2 male signs]] not dark bordered...[[underline]]asper[[/underline]] Anterior section of frontal not longitud-inally divided, gular region blue or orange in [[3 male signs]], blue belly of [[2 male signs]] with dark borders...[[underline]]formosus formosus[[/underline]] 15. Femoral pores 7 or less.(total of both sides). 16 Femoral pore total more than 12...17 16. Venter immaculate in both sexes..[[underline]]horridus albiventris[[/underline]] Sides of belly blue, frequently darkbordered, in [[2 male signs]], gular region barred..[[underline]]horridus olig-oporus[[/underline]] ... 17. Black shoulder patch present, with light posterior border...18 no black shoulder patch, snout black, b[[typeover]]a[[/typeover]]lack bar across head at eyes...[[underline]]melanorhinus[[/underline]] 18. Gular region barred...[[underline]]spinosus spinosus[[/underline]] Gular region not barred (black) [[underline]]clarkii boulengeri[[/underline]]
M J SCELOPORUS ASPER BLGR. [[checkmark]] PZS, 1897,p. 476,pl. 33. T.L.: LA CUMBRE DE LOS ARRASTRADOS, JALISCO FEB 23, 1950 #504. JALISCO: SIERRA DE AUTLAN, CIRCA 15 MI. SE OF AUTLAN, 7500 FT., APRIL 16, 1949. A VERY BLACK INDIVIDUAL, PRACTICALLY NO PATTERN ON HEAD, BACK, SIDES. A SOMEWHAT METALLIC SHEEN DORSALLY WHEN IN LIQUID. TAIL QUITE BLACK, ABOVE AND BELOW.
J SCELOPORUS CLARKII BOULENGERI STEJNEGER [[checkmark]] N.AMER. FAUNA, 7, 1893,p. 180, pl.1. T.L.: PRESIDIO, ABOUT 50 MI. FROM MAZATLAN, SINALOA UMMZ SPECIMEN: LATERAL SCALES DIAGONAL, HALF A COLLAR, BLUE PATCH ON THROAT, BLUE BELLY. VERY LARGE SCALES. FEB. 27, 1950. #604; 607. BOTH FROM S. BORDER OF NAYARIT. ALTHO THEY CAME CLOSEST TO FITTING SMITH'S DESCRIPTION OF THIS FORM, THEY ARE NOT GOOD [[underline]]BOULENGERI[[/underline]]- THEY BOTH HAVE BARRED THROATS, WHICH IS NOT A [[ditto sign under BOULENGERI above]] CHARACTER. THE BACK PATTERN RESEMBLES THAT OF [[underline]]MELANORHINUS[[/underline]], AND NOT THAT OF A B. IN UMMZ COLL. (70789). THEY COULD REPRESENT INTERGRADES BETWEEN MELANORHINUS & BOULENGERI, EXCEPT FOR THE ENORMOUS DIFF. IN FEMORAL PORES. BOTH OF THESE HAVE 11 ON BOTH SIDES (B.- 8-11, M. -17-24). THE DIFFERENCE MAY BE DUE TO A HIATUS IN DATA, HOWEVER. SMITH HAD ONLY A HALFDOZEN SPECIMENS WITH POOR DATA FROM COLIMA NORTH. ADDED MATERIAL WOULD SURE BE INTERESTING.
J SCELOPORUS DUGESII DUGESII BOCOURT MASS. SCI. MEX., 3(1), 1874,p. 188. T.L.:COLIMA. JALISCO: 1 MI. N OF SAN GABRIEL, 4000 FT., MARCH 29, 1949.-415. TOOK 2 SPECIMENS OF THIS SPECIES AND, FROM THE TYPE LOC., PROBABLY OF THIS SUBSPECIES, UNDER ROCKS NEAR A SMALL POND WHICH WAS RAPIDLY DRYING UP. A SMALL KINOSTERNON WAS ALSO UNDER A NEARBY ROCK. THEY WERE BOTH JUVENILES.
[[strikeout]]M[[/strikeout]] J M SCELOPDRUS FERRARI PEREZI MELANOGASTER COPE PROC. AMER. CHILE., SOC., 22, 1885,p. 400. T.L.: NORVA OR TUPITARO (NR. CUERAMARA), MICHOACAN MARCH 26, 1949- INDIAN BROUGHT ONE IN, AND CALLED IT "RONYO", DIFFERENTIATING BETWEEN THESE AND OTHER SCELOPS, WHICH ARE JUST "LAGARTOJAS".(NEAVADA DE COLIMA). THIS SPECIES IS CALLED CHECHARICO ON COFRE DE PEROTE. ? SUBSPECIES- SPECIMEN COLLECTED UNDER ROCK ON NEVADO DE COLIMA, EAST SLOPE; 6500 FT., APRIL 2, 1949.
M J SCELOPORUS[[strikeout]]MIGROLOPIDOTUS[[/strikeout]] GRAMMICUS MICROLEPIDOTUS WIEGMANN [[checkmark]] HERP. MEX., 1834, p. 51. T.L: MEXICO. MICH. TANCITARO. (S.+S.) FROM 4-TO 11,400 FEET IN MICH. (S.+S.) 3/22/49. THIS IS THE MOST COMMON LIZARD I'VE SEEN IN MEXICO. I HAVE COLLECTED GOOD SERIES FROM COFRE DE PEROTE, NEVADA DE TOLUCA, AND CERRO SAN ANDRES. THEY GO THE HIGHEST-TO 13,000 FT., RIGHT AT TREE LINE, ON NEVADO DE TOLUCA, AND ARE ABUNDANT AT MOST LEVELS. THEY ARE LOG AND BARK LIZARDS, AND I SAW THEM IN ABUNDANCE AT AN ABANDONED SAWMILL ON CERRO DAN ANDRES.
SCELOPORUS MICROLEPIDOTUS JUNE 13, 1950. KM. 53, 1 MI. W. OF LERNA,[[^ JAP #825-6.]] MEXICO, MEX. TOOK TWO SPECIMENS, BOTH OF WHICH WERE [[?]] ON AND IN STONES + ROCKS ALONG THE SWAMPS OF THE RIVER, AND BOTH OF WHICH WILLINGLY DOVE INTO THE WATER TRYING TO GET AWAY. THEY WENT IN BEFORE THEY HAD BEEN CHASED, AND SWAM FAIRLY CREDITABLY. THEY FOLD THEIR LEGS BACK AND SWIM BY LATERAL UNDULATIONS. JUNE 13. MILCUMBRES THIS SPECIES IS LIVING HERE AT THE BASE OF THE MAGUEYS, AND TAKES SHELTER IN THEM, AND NOT IN TREES. THEY ALSO LIVE ALONG THE ROCK RETAINING WALL.
J SCELOPORUS NELSONI COCHRAN [[checkmark]] JOUR.WASH.ACAD.SCI., 13,1923,p. 185. T.L: PLOMOSAS, SINALOA. FEB. 8, 1950 575-578-NAYARIT: 1 MI. SW OF SAN JOSE DEL CONDE, 3000 FT., APR. 28. 590-593- " 3 MI. N. OF SANTA ISABEL, 3800 FT., APR. 29. THESE LIZARDS ARE A GREAT DEAL DARKER THAN THE SINALOA SPECIMENS AVAILABLE TO ME. THIS MUST BE SPLITTABLE INTO SUBSPECIES. THEY WERE SEEN ONLY IN AND ON ROCK PILES, BOTH NEAR AND AWAY FROM WATER. THERE WAS LITTLE COVER AVAILABLE EXCEPT FOR THE ROCKS. THEY WERE VERY COMMON ALONG THE SMALL STREAM WEST OF OUR CAMP AT SAN JOSE DEL CONDE, ALONG THE LARGE ROCKS AND BOULDERS ON THE STREAM BANKS.
M J SCELOPORUS PYROCEPHALUS COPE [[check mark]] PROC ANSP, 1864, p.177. T.L: NEAR COLIMA, MEXICO MICH.: APATZINGAN (S.&S.) AND ACAMUATO. JULY 5, 1950. LA PLACITA,MICHOACAN THIS SPECIES IS EXCEEDINGLY COMMON ON THIS REGION WHEREVER THERE ARE ROCKS. I SAW MANY OF THEM IN DRY STREAM BEDS, ALONG THE RIVER BANKS, AND IN THE LIMESTONE FOOTHILLS OF THE SIERRA. THEY ABOUNDED ON THE POINT OF SAN JUAN DE LIMA, WHERE THE ROCKY [[strikethrough]] [[?]] [[/strikethrough]] HILLS EXTEND OUT INTO THE OCEAN. STORER COLLECTED TWO VERY NEAR THE SEA ON ROCKS,AND I SAW THEM BY THE DOZENS WHEN WE WALKED OVER THE POINT. THEY HAVE A HABIT OF RUNNING A FEW FEET, STOPPING, AND THEN WHIPPING AND LASHING THEIR TAIL ABOUT OVER THE BACK AND HELD HIGH. THEY ARE MUCH LESS WARY THAN THE OTHER SCELOPS HEREABOUTS, AND CAN QUITE OFTEN BE TAKEN BY HAND.
SCELOPORUS PYROCEPHALUS JULY 5, 1950 - LA PLACITA, MICHOACAN. ALTHOUGH THESE LIZARDS KEY OUT TO PYROCEPHALUS, THEY ARE OBVIOUSLY NOT THAT SPECIES, WHICH IS ALSO VERY COMMON IN THIS AREA, AND IN EXACTLY THE SAME PLACES. I'VE SEEN THEM ON THE SAME LOG. IT IS NOT A QUESTION OF SEX, - I HAVE MALES OF BOTH. THE DIFFERENCES IN COLOR ARE THE MOST STRIKING, AND THIS LIZARD IS COLORED AS FOLLOWS, FROM A LIVE SPECIMEN: HEAD BROWN-TAN ABOVE, WITH SLIGHT SPOTTING OF YELLOW. THE YELLOW SPOT ON THE [[strikeout]] [[?]] [[/strikeout]] PARIETAL IS BRIGHT, AND COMPLETELY SURROUNDED BY BLACK, WHICH MAKES A LINE FORE AND AFT. THE SIDE OF THE HEAD HAS YELLOW STRIPING, WHICH TENDS TO MEET THE ORANGE STRIPES OF THE CHIN. THE CHIN IS BANDED WITH BRIGHT ORANGE AND LIGHT COBALT, THE ORANGE GETTING YELLOW AT LIPS. THERE IS A SLIGHT TRACE OF IRIDESCENT GREEN ON THE CHEEKS AND THROAT. THE ORANGE FADES OUT ON THE CHEST. THE BACK IS QUITE IRIDESCENT GREENISH, WITH A DULL BROWN CAST ABOVE THE DULL ORANGE DORSO-LATERAL STRIPE, WHICH BEGINS ABOVE THE EAR. THE SHOULDER PATCH IS SHINY BLACK. BELOW THE DORSO-LATERAL LINE IS BLACK BROWN STRIPE, WITH SCALES THAT HAVE GREENISH TIPS. BELOW THIS ARE MOTTLING & SPOTS OF ORANGE, WHICH ARE FAIRLY WELL IN A ROW, FROM ABOVE PXIL TO ABOVE GROIN. THE SIDES OF THE BELLY ARE ALSO IRIDESCENT GREEN, AND THIS COLOR CONTINUES ONTO THE HIND LEGS AND THE LOWER HALF OF THE TAIL. MOST OF THE [[strikethrough]] BLACK [[/strikethrough]] SQUARES ON THE BELLY ARE BLACK, ALTHO SOME HAVE MUCH BLACKISH-GREEN CAST. THE GREEN OF THE TAIL IS BRIGHTER THAN THAT OF THE LEGS. THE UPPER HALF OF THE TAIL IS A BLACKISH BROWN. THE FORELEGS ARE BARRED WITH TAN AND DARK BROWN, THE HINDLEGS ARE ALMOST ENTIRELY BLACK, WITH INDISTINCT BARRING. OCT 24, 1950. IT [[underlined]]IS[[/underlined]] A MATTER OF SEX, AFTER ALL, THE ABOVE BEING A GOOD DESCRIPTION [[scribble]] THE [[2 MALE SYMBOLS]], WHAT I [[underlined]] THOT [[/underlined]] WAS [[2 MALE SYMBOLS]] OF [[underlined]] PYROCEPHALUS [[/underlined]] ARE ACTUALLY [[2 FEMALE SYMBOLS]].
J M SCELOPORUS UTI FORMIS COPE [[checkmark]] PROC. USNM, 1864,p. 177. T.L.: COLIMA. JALISCO: 2 MI. N. OF LA RESOLANA, 1500 FT., APRIL 7, 1949. QUITE COMMON, WITH MANY YOUNG ONES ABOUT. NOT AS WARY AS THE AMEIVA IN THE SAME AREA. JALISCO: AREA ABOUT SAN GABRIEL, MARCH 29-31, 1949. VERY COMMON IN THIS VALLEY. FOUND IN ABUNDANCE ALONG THE STREAM SUPPLYING THE CITIE'S WATER. THEY LIKE STONE FENCES AND BRUSH PILES. FEB. 8, 1950. #399-401; 410; 414; 436; 582; 595 IN THIS SPECIES. JALISCO, NAYARIT. OCT. 25, 1950. THERE ARE 2 GOOD COLOR PHASES IN THE MATERIAL WHICH I GOT IN 1950. JAP 1052 IS A SAMPLE OF ONE TYPE, 1319 OF THE OTHER. IT IS APPARENTLY SEXUAL, 1052 A [[female sign]], 1319 A [[male symbol]].
[[underline]] UTA B. BICARINATUS[[/underline]] 4/9/51. UMMZ #80950, LAGUNA COYUCA, GUERRERO IS CATALOGUED AS THIS ^[[SUB]]SPECIES, AND FALLS WITHIN ITS RANGE, AS GIVEN BY MITTLEMAN, BUT IT ALMOST CERTAINLY IS WHAT MITTLEMAN CALLS [[underline]]ANONYMORINA[[/underline]], FOR THE ^[[ENLARGED]] BACK SCALES ARE OFTEN IN CONTACT OR SEPARATED BY A SINGLE SMALL SCALE, AND THE BLUE COLOR OF THE MALE IS RESTRICTED TO A STERNAL PATCH. MITTLEMAN CLAIMS TO HAVE HAD TYPICAL [[underline]] BICARINATA [[/underline]] FROM ACAPULCO. IT SEEMS TO ME THAT [[underline]] BICARINATA [[/underline]] CAN BE EASILY PULLED OUT ON THE BASIS OF THE NUMBER OF SMALL SCALES BETWEEN THE ENLARGED DORSALS. THERE ARE SEVERAL TO MANY SUCH ROWS IN ALL I'VE LOOKED AT, WHILE IN BOTH [[underline]] TUBERCULATA [[/underline]] & [[underline]] ANONYMONDAR [[/underline]] THERE ARE VERY FEW SUCH SCALES - ONE OR TWO IN BETWEEN THE BIG ONES, OR THE BIG ONES ACTUALLY IN CONTACT. THE AMOUNT OF CARINATION ON THE ENLARGED DORSALS SEEMS TO BE GOOD, TOO - MUCH GREATER ON [[underline]] BICARINATUS [[/underline]]. THE SMALL ROWS BETWEEN THE ENLARGED DORSALS ARE THE SAME SIZE AS OTHER DORSALS, IN [[underline]] BICARINATUS [[/underline]], WHILE IN [[underline]] TUBERCULATUS [[/underline]] THEY ARE CONSIDERABLY ENLARGED, ALTHO SMALLER THAN THE ENLARGED DORSALS THEMSELVES.
[[underline]] UTA BICARINATA TUBERCULATA[[/underline]] 4/9/51. JAP # 913; 971-2; 1004-5; 1163; 1292 [[^(NOT EX. TODAY)]](1293 ALSO?) THESE SPECIMENS SEEM TO FIT INTO THIS SUBSPECIES A GOOD DEAL MORE SNUGLY THAN INTO [[underline]]BICARINATA[[/underline]]. SEE NOTES UNDER [[underline]]BICARINATA[[/underline]] FOR METHODS OF TELLING THEM APART. THE ACTUAL STATUS OF THIS FORM MAY BE CONSIDERED SOMEWHAT DOUBTFUL. MITTLEMAN DEMONSTRATED NO INTERGRADATION WHATSOEVER, AND THE DIFFERENCES, WHILE NOT GREAT, ARE OBVIOUS + RATHER DISTINCT. THIS MAY WELL BE BETTER TREATED AS A FULL SPECIES.
6/29/50 PETERS GEN.? [[top margin]] THESE ARE [[underline]] CADUAMA [[/underline]] [[down arrow]] [[underline]] OTHER KIND: [[/underline]] GARRAPACHO OR CAREY (BIG TYPE) [[strikethrough]] CARREY [[/strikethrough]] (SMALL) [[/top margin]] SEATURTLES. JUNE 27, 1950.-10 KM. S. OF COAHUAYANA, ON BEACH OF PACIFIC[[strikethrough]] [[?]] [[/strikethrough]]. PICKED UP 2 CARAPACES & 3 PLASTRONS ON BEACH. THE CARAPACES ARE BOTH RATHER HEARTSHAPED, WITH THE WIDEST PART VERY ANTERIOR. THE SHELL IS HIGH ANTERIORLY, AND SLOPES TO THE REAR. THEY ARE QUITE SMOOTH, WITH NO ROUGH OR RAISED SERRATIONS. ONE HAS A SLIGHT KEEL ON THE MIDLINE AND A SLIGHTER KEEL ON EITHER SIDE OF IT, THE OTHER HAS ^[[A]] KEEL[[strikethrough]] S [[/strikethrough]] ON EITHER SIDE OF THE MIDLINE, NONE IN THE MIDDLE. THERE IS NO. HEAVY SERRATION ON THE REAR OF THE CARAPACE; IT IS QUITE ROUNDED OFF, EXCEPT FOR IRREGULAR NOTCHING, WHICH LOOKS ACCESORY. BOTH OF THEM ARE QUITE COVERED WITH A FLAKY DERMAL COVERING. THERE APPEAR TO BE 6 VERTEBRALS, 6 COSTALS, 1 NUCHAL, AND 11 MARGINALS, ALTHOUGH ALL OF THESE COUNTS COULD BE OFF AT LEAST 1 PLATE. THE SHELL [[strikethrough]] [[?]] [[/strikethrough]] HAS A HIGH OPENING FOR THE HEAD, THE NUCHAL IS RAISED WAY OUT OF LINE WITH THE MARGINALS [[sketch of nuchal]] (MAS O MINUS). THERE ARE A COUPLE OF CERVICAL VERTEBRAE LEFT ON ONE OF THEM - WHICH MIGHT BE IDENTIFIABLE BY WILLIAM'S METHOD. I PICKED 3 PLASTRONS & PARTS OF PLASTRONS, NONE OF WHICH MATCH UP WITH THE CARAPACES. THERE SEEM TO BE TWO TYPES OF PLASTRON. ONE IS CROSSSHAPED, THE OTHER [[strikethrough]] ARE [[/strikethrough]] IS OVAL. I DON'T HAVE THE BRIDGE FOR THE SECOND TYPE, WHICH SEEMS TO HAVE A NARROWER BRIDGE THAN THE OTHER. THE FIRST HAS 5 PAIRS OF PLATES, WITH FOUR SMALLER SCALES AT THE BRIDGE. 3 OF THE PAIRED PLATES BORDER THESE 4 PLATES. THE SECOND HAS 6 PAIRED PLATES, 3 OF WHICH ENTER THE BRIDGE.
CHELONIA MYDAS SEA TURTLES AUG. 8, 1950 MARUATA, MICHOACAN 2000- LARGE [[female symbol]] IN THORN SCRUB. [[plus/minus sign]] 30 YARDS FROM BEACH. 2007- THROWING TREMENDOUS QUANTITIES OF SAND ABOUT WITH FORE & AFT FLIPPERS 2010- HAS DUG GOOD SIZED HOLE, WHOLE BODY ON IT. 2015- HOLE DEEP AS HER SHELL, HIND FEET MOVING RHYTHMICALLY, ALWAYS WITH ONE OR OTHER COVERING TAIL, WHICH IS PRESSED DEEPLY INTO SAND. HOLE ABOUT 6 FEET IN DIAMETER. 2020-SHE CRAWLS FORWARD IN THE HOLE A FEW INCHES EVERY FEW MINUTES, AND REBURIES THE TAIL, BY JAMMING A DOWN STRAIGHT INTO THE SAND. THERE IS NO EXCAVATION OF A HOLE SO FAR FOR THE EGGS. 1022-HEAD HAS STARTED UP OVER FOREND OF HOLE. 0123- HOLE DIGGING STARTED 3028- SHE DIGS, LIFTS, AND THROWS IN ABOUT A 5-8 SECOND CYCLE. TIMED FOR ABOUT 20 CYCLES. EACH FOOT IS CURLED INWARD TO SCOOP. 1027- 6-8 DIGS AND THEN SHE RESTS SHE BRINGS OUT A LOAD, HOLDS IT WHILE SHE DIGS WITH THE OTHER FOOT, BRINGS IT OUT, BRACES IT, AND THROWS WITH THE FIRST, ONLY AFTER THE OTHER BRACES HERE. THEN SHE DIGS, BRACES AND THROWS WITH THE FIRST, ONLY AFTER THE OTHER BRACES HER THEN SHE DIGS, BRACES AND THROWS WITH OPPOSING FOOT AGAIN. 6 AND A REST. 6 " " " . 10" " " . 1037- HOLE ABOUT AS DEEP AS SHE CAN REACH WITHOUT DOING SOMETHING TO GET SHELL OFF EDGE. SHELL AT [[plus/minus]] 35[[degree]] ANGLE. [[strikeout]]SHE'S ?[[/strikeout]] THE HOLE IS IN MIDDLE OF BIG HOLE SHE DUG ORIGINALLY 1036- STILL DIGGING DEPOSITS SAND IN FRONT OF FOOT KICKS IT UP, KICKS [[strikeout]] [[?]] [[/strikeout]] IT AWAY, [[underline]] FORWARD [[/underline]].
1[[strikeout]]2[[/strikeout]]040- STOPPED 1 DIGGING. 1[[strikeout]]2[[/strikeout]]043- 1[[underlined superscript]]ST[[/underlined superscript]] EGG 2803- FINISHED WITH SMALL EGG. EGGS DROPPED AT 6-14 SECOND INTERVALS, AVE. ABOUT [[?]] SECONDS ([[?]]MEDIAN). EGGS [[strikeout]]ONE[[/strikeout]] WERE DROPPED NOT CAUGHT AT ALL, DROPPED LENGTH OF HOLE. LAST EGGS JUST FILLED HOLE UP. 2309- HOLE COVERED, HIND FLIPPERS PILING [[smudge]] ON THE SPOT. 2310- FRONT FEET STARTED TO THROW SAND OVER BACK AND HOLE- THE LARGE ONE SHE LIES IN. 2437-STOPPED COVERING. [[plus/minus sign]] 12 FEET OF COVER, IN SEMICIRCLE BACK TOWARD SEA. [[plus/minus sign]] 2-3 " DEEP ALL WAY SHELL [[?]] OVER [[? ?]] TOTAL EGGS- 125 FULL SIZED, 2 [[strikeout]]?[[/strikeout]] SMALL ONES, 1-[[image of pear-shaped egg]] LIKE THIS. 0110-BACK IN SEA.
CHELONIA MYDAS SEA TURTLES III AUG 9, 1950 1830- 1 [[underlined superscript]] ST [[/underlined superscript]] TURTLE SEEN OFF SHORE. AT LEAST 3 MORE SEEN BEFORE 1 [[underlined superscript]] ST [[/underlined superscript]] LANDING 2000- 1[[underlined superscript]] ST [[/underlined superscript]] TURTLE ASHORE - QUITE BUFFERED BY SURF. 2003- 2 [[underlined superscript]] ND [[/underlined superscript]] ASHORE YESTERDAY'S HOLE IS 25YDS FROM NEAREST HIGH TIDE MARK. 2047- 1 [[underlined superscript]] ST [[/underlined superscript]] 2 NOT SEEN FOR 20 MIN. PROB BACK IN H2O TURTLE JUST CAME IN HIGH TIDE MARK SHELL 29 3/4IN., LIGHT GREENISH WITH DK GREEN SPOTTING, MANY BARNACLES ON CARAPCE + HEAD. 2055- MOVEMENT ON SHORE IS A SLOW PROCESS; THE FORELEGS GO FORWARD SIMULTANEOUSLY, THE HIND LEGS DRAW UP TOGETHER, THE FORE PULL AND THE HIND PUSH, AND SHE MOVES ABOUT 9-10 INCHES (MEAS.) 2102- ANOTHER SPOTTED SHE HAD GONE CLEAR BACK TO THORN SCRUB, TURNED BACK [[ARN?]]. TO HI TIDE MARK, NOW DIGGING IT ALONG SHORE. CARAPACE 34 1/2", DK GREEN SPOTS AS BIG AS 254 & 500, BARNACLED.
CHELONIA MYDAS. SEA TURTLES IV AUG, 10, 1950. FORGOT TO NOTE THAT THE SEA TURTLE EGGS [[strikeout]] [[?]] [[/strikeout]] COLLECTED NIGHT BEFORE LAST WERE ALL FROM 1 5/8" TO 1 3/4 " IN DIAMETER. I ATE ABOUT 3 DOZEN OF THEM. BOILING IS NOT SATISFACTORY. THE YOLK HARDENS, BUT THE ALBUMEN DID NOT CONGEAL AFTER 3 HRS OF BOILING. ALSO, BOILING INCREASES THE MEALY TASTE OF THE YOLK. FRYING IS NOT PARTICULARLY SATISFACTORY, SINCE AGAIN THE ALBUMEN IS TOO THICK TO CONGEAL PROPERLY, ALTHO IT DOES BECOME SUFFICIENTLY RUBBERY TO BE EDIBLE. THE LOCAL PEOPLE BITE OFF ONE END OF THE RUBBERY SHELL (THEY BOUNCED AS THE [[female symbol]] DROPPED THEM IN HER HOLE AND SUCK OUT THE RAW JUICES. I DIDN'T TRY THIS METHOD. ABOUT THE BEST WAY TO FIX THEM IS TO BREAK A 1/2 DOZEN INTO A SKILLET WHICH IS WARM + WELL GREASED, WHIP THEM INTO A BROTH, MIX IN A COUPLE OF WELL DICED VIENNA SAUSAGES (BACON OUGHT TO GO GOOD ALSO- WE HAD NONE) AND SCRAMBLE THEM OVER A SLOW FIRE. SALT WHILE FRYING, SERVE PIPING HOT. TASTE? NOT UNLIKE HEN'S EGGS, ALTHO MORE MEALY. QUITE EDIBLE, AND VERY SATISFACTORILY FILLING FOR A HUNGRY HERPETOLOGIST. DEPTH OF NEST PROPER - 10 1/2" DISTANCE FROM LIMB TO GROUND SURFACE AFTER SHE FINISHED - 25" " " " " TOP OF NEST- 39" " " GROUND LEVEL TO NEST TOP-14" NEST WAS ABOUT A ONE FOOT CUBE, AND SHE FILLED IT.
[[strikeout]]STAUROTYPUS?[[/strikeout]] GEOEMYDA RUBIDA JULY 2 ^ 1950. JAP # 956-57. I'VE GOTTEN 2 OF THESE NOW, ONE ABOUT 2 KILOMETERS FROM THE BEACH, THE OTHER IN THE SIERRA FOOTHILLS WHICH RUN DOWN TO THE WATER. [[strikeout]]THE[[/strikeout]] BOTH WERE LYING IN THE GRASS ALONG THE PATHS. THE CARAPACE IS A [[strikeout]]?[[/strikeout]] TANNISH BROWN, EXCEPT FOR THE MARGINALS, WHICH ARE A VERY MUCH LIGHTER BROWN, ALMOST A TAN OR FAWN COLOR. IN EACH OF THE COSTALS IS AN ORANGE RED SPOT, AND THE SAME IN THE NUCHALS, ALTHO MUCH LESS OBVIOUS. THE HEAD IS DARK BROWN, WITH A YELLOW STRIPE OVER THE NOSE AND A BACKWARD DIRECTED YELLOW HORSESHOE BETWEEN THE EYES. ALL OF THE STRIPES ON THE HEAD ARE YELLOW WITH A SLIGHT SUFFUSION OF ORANGE. THE PLASTRON IS BROWNISH-BLACK IN THE CENTER, SURROUNDED BY A YELLOW RING AROUND THE PLASTRON. THE SCALES OF THE LEGS ARE DULLISH ORANGE.
KINOSTERNON JALISCO: 1 MI. N. OF SAN GABRIEL, 4000 FT.,MARCH 29,1949. NO.416. FOUND IN A SMALL BURROW UNDER A ROCK NEAR A SMALL, MUDDY POND. IT'S EYES WERE SEALED SHUT BY A [[strikeout]] MUCUOU [[/strikeout]] MUCOUS OF SOME SORT, AND IT WAS PROBABLY IN A TYPE OF AESTIVATION OR HIBERNATION. IT IS A YOUNG INDIVIDUAL.
M AGALYCHNIS DAGNICOLOR (COPE) [[checkmark]] PROC. ANSP, 16, 1864, p 18[[?]]. T.L. : NEAR COLIMA, COLIMA. MICH.: LA MAJADA (S.+S.) JALISCO: 2 MI. N OF LA RESOLANA, 1500 FT., APRIL 7, 1949. A SINGLE SPECIMEN WAS TAKEN UNDER A LOG IN A MOIST LOWLAND FOREST. THERE WAS A SNAKE (TRIMORPRODON?) UNDER THE SAME LOG, AND THE TWO WERE PRACTICALLY ON TOP OF EACH OTHER. THE SNAKE WAS TOO SMALL TO EAT THE FROG, HOWEVER. THE FROG WAS A SLATY GRAY WHEN CAUGHT, BUT AFTER A FEW HOURS IN A SACK, HE WAS A BEAUTIFUL BRIGHT PEA GREEN. THE UNDER PORTIONS OF ALL PARTS OF THE LEGS ARE A BRIGHT ORANGE IN LIFE
AGALYCHNIS DACNICOLOR JULY 10, 1950. 1/2 MI. 3. OF LA PLACITA, MICHOACAN. JAP 1027. CAUGHT ONE OF THESE UNDER THE BARK OF A LARGE OLD TREE. HE WAS VERY BLACK WHEN I CAUGHT HIM, SO MUCH SO THAT I COULDN'T BE SURE HE WAS AGALYCHNIS. HE TURNED TO THE PROPER GREEN IN MY SACK. LIVE SPECIMEN: DORSAL COLOR DULL CLIENT GREEN, NO PATTERN AT ALL. WARTS ON SIDES DEAD WHITE. LOWER SURFACES OF ^[[PALMS,]] ARMS AND AXILLA DULL ORANGE, ABOVE GREEN. FLASH COLORS ON HIND LEGS ^[[AND GROIN]] DULL ORANGE. EYE MOTTLED WITH BLACK AND GOLD. UPPER HALF OF EYELID TRANSPARENT AND CLEAR, WITH FINE GOLDEN LINES THROUGH IT, LOWER HALF OF EYELID GREEN. JULY 18,1950- COAHUAYANA, MICHOACAN. JAP 1115-7 IN CHORUS, NOT TOO GREAT, WHEN IT STARTED TO SPRINKLE SLIGHTLY SHORTLY AFTER WE ARRIVED FROM LA PLACITA ABOUT 2000, ON JULY 18, 1950. THE CALL IS A SORT OF A SWALLOW CROSSED WITH A HICCUP, OR SOMEWHAT SIMILAR TO THE NOISE MADE BY PULLING THE TONGUE AWAY FROM THE ROOF OF THEM MOUTH. SORT OF A "GLOP". THEY WERE CALLING FROM THE GROUND AND ON THE LOGS OF A WOODEN FENCE WHICH BORDERS THE [[strikeout]] MO [[/strikeout]] SCHOOL ON ONE SIDE. I COLLECTED 3, AND COULD HEAR 1/2 DOZEN MORE IN SURROUNDING FIELDS. ALL CALLERS WERE ISOLATED, THERE WAS NO ACTUAL GROUPING INTO CHORUSES. THE FROGS WERE VERY EASILY CAUGHT.
AGALYCHNIS DACNICOLOR AUG 7, 1950. JAP 126162 ESTOPILAS DE SALITRE, MICHOACAN, AUG 5, 1950 [[plus/minus sign]] 530 PM. FOUND A PAIR OF AGALYCHNIS CLASPING ON DRY LAND AT LEAST 50 YARDS FROM WATER. I TRACED THE PAIR BY THE MALE'S CALLS, SO EITHER THEY CALL AFTER CLASPING, OR ANOTHER [[male symbol]] WAS VERY CLOSE BY. I COULDN'T FIND A 2[[underlined superscript]]ND[[/underlined superscript]] [[male symbol]], HOWEVER CLASPING IS AXILLARY, AND ALL OF THE FINGERS ARE FIRMLY CLASPED OVER THE [[female symbol]]'S FOREARM, WHILE THE OPPOSABLE THUMB IS DEEPLY SET IN HER AXILLA. HIS FEET WERE PLACED ALONG HER SIDES. I WATCHED FOR QUITE A WHILE, BUT SAW NO SIGN OF EGGLAYING ACTIVITY, SO I COLLECTED THE PAIR. AUG. 9, 1950. WHEN I PRESERVED THESE FROGS TODAY, THEY WERE A VERY DARK, OLIVE GREEN COLOR ALL OVER, WITH SMALL GREEN DOTS DORSALLY AND ON LEGS. AND ARMS. ORANGE AT FLASH POINTS AND ON BOTTOMS OF ARMS, LEGS, HANDS & FEET. AUG. 25, 1950. FROGS COLLECTED NITE OF AUG. 24, 1950, 6.5 MI. W. OF PIE DE LA CUESTA, GUERRERO. JAP 1401-3 [[2 male symbols]] WERE CALLING ON HILLSIDE NEXT TO ROAD, AND A SINGLE [[male symbol]] AND A CLASPING PAIR WERE COLLECTED. THIS MORNING THE BAG IS FULL OF EGGS, ALL OF WHICH HAVE A DEFINITE, BRIGHT GREENISH COLOR, ALL OVER, ALTHO ONE POLE IS SLIGHTLY LIGHTER THAN THE OTHER. THE FEMALE HAS WELL FORMED, QUITE GREENISH EGGS IN HER OVIDUCTS. I REMOVED A LARGE PART OF THE LEFT ONE AND PRESERVED IT. SHE HAD ORTHOPTERAN REMAINS IN HER STOMACH.
[[underline]]AGALYCHNIS DACNICOLOR[[/underline]] AUG. 25, 1950. THIS GREEN STAIN WAS CAUSED BY THE OVIDUCT OF THE FEMALE, WHEN WE LAID IT ON THE PAPER FOR COLOR PICTURES. THE WATER WAS ACTUALLY STAINED GREEN BY THESE OVARIAN EGGS, AND IT DRIED TO THIS COLOR ON THE PAPER. [[LARGE GOLDENROD STAIN WITH AGED PIECE OF TAPE ACROSS IT]] [[underline]] JAP 1404[[/underline]]
BUFO JULY 31, 1950. JAP 1170. TAKEN JUST E. OF COALCOMAN, 3500 FEET, LAST NIGHT, BY TED MILLER. PAROTOIDS, STRIPE BETWEEN EYES, STRIPE RUNNING POST. FROM [["sign appears under PAROTOIDS]] ALL A SANDY OR REDDISH BROWN COLOR. OTHER DORSAL STRIPES QUITE BLACKISH.
J M BUFO HORRIBILUS WIEGMANN [[checkmark]] ISIS VON OKEW,26,833, P.654 T.L.: MISANRA & VERACRUZ, MEXICO. RECOG.CHAR.:ONLY BUFO IN AREA WITH WELL DEVELOPED TARSAL FOLD; LARGE, POROMINENT CRESTS; PARATOIDS EXTENDING FAR DOWN ON SIDE OF NECK. JULY 27, 1950. SPECIMEN TAKEN AT AIRPORT IN COLIMA AND WEIGHED ON AIRPORT SCALES WEIGHED 675 GRAMS.
BUFO MARNIAREUS JUNE 25, 1950.- COHUAYANA, MICHOACAN, 160 FEET. 0700. AFTER A VERY HEAVY RAINFALL LAST NIGHT, THERE WAS CONSIDERABLE AMPHIBIAN ACTIVITY LAST NIGHT, ALTHO I HEARD NO CLEARLY BUFO VOICES IN THE GROUP. IN A POOL FROM WHICH HYLA BAUDINAI WAS CALLING DURING THE NIGHT, I FOUND BREEDING BUFO. ALL THAT I SAW WERE IN CLASPING PAIRS, AND THIS MAY ACCOUNT FOR THE LACK OF CALLING. THE POOL IS TRIANGULAR IN SHAPE, ABOUT 15 FEET THE LONG WAY, AND 10 THE OTHER. ALL OF THE PAIRS I CAN SEE ARE IN ONE CORNER, AND I COUNT 7 IN ALL. NONE OF THEM SEEM TO BE ACTIVELY LAYING EGGS. THE CLASPING IS INGUINAL. THE POOL IS IMMEDIATELY BEHIND THE SCHOOL FENCE, AND IS SURROUNDED BY SMALL HOUSES. THERE IS FAIRLY HEAVY WOODS AND UNDERBRUSH A FEW FEET (ABOUT 20-25) TO THE EAST AND SOUTHEAST. IN THE 1 [[underlined superscript]] ST [[/underlined superscript]] PAIR TAKEN, THE MALE IS CONSIDERABLY SHORTER THAN THE FEMALE. THE [[male symbol]] IS OLIVE GREEN DORSALLY, ^[[AND LATERALLY]] WITH LITTLE SIGN OF ANY MARKINGS AT ALL. THE HEAD IS ENTIRELY OLIVE GREEN. THE [[strikeout]]?[[/strikeout]] HIND LEGS ARE BARRED WITH DARK GREEN AND CREAMY WHITE. THE [[female symbol]], ON THE OTHER HAND, IS DARK CREAM AND DEEP BROWN-ALMOST BLACK, ON THE BACK, WITH A DK GREEN DORSOLATERAL LINE. THE HEAD IS DK BROWN. THE LEGS ARE BARRED WITH BLACK AND LIGHT BROWN. THE BELLY IS WHITE. THE ONLY CALL I HEARD IS A RAPID CHUCKING, NOT AT ALL BUFONID. " CHUCK-CHUCK-CHUCK-CHUCK". IT WAS NOT LOUD, AND QUITE POSSIBLY IS NOT A BREEDING CALL. IT WAS GIVEN BY CLASPED MALES, ALTHO I HEARD IT BEFORE DISTURBING THEM, SEVERAL TIMES. CLASPING PAIRS WERE FOUND OUT OF THE WATER, UNDER ROCKS AND LOGS. THESE PAIRS WERE PROBABLY JUST MADE UP, AND I SUPPOSE HAD NOT ENTERED THE H2O YET. THERE WERE AT LEAST 4 PAIRS LIKE THIS. THE EGGS ARE DEPOSITED IN STRINGS, AND APPEAR TO BE INDIVIDUALLY ENCAPSULATED. MOST OF THE STRINGS ARE FLOATING ON THE SURFACE OF THE WATER, BLACK POLE UP. THE H2O IS VERY MUDDY.
0920 AIR TEMP: 80[[DEGREE]] F H20 " : 80[[DEGREE]] F AND I CANNOT SEE EITHER ACTUAL EGG DEPOSITION NOR WHETHER THE EGGS ARE ALSO ABUNDANT BELOW THE SURFACE OR NOT. 7:40 I CAN NOW COUNT 11 PAIRS, COUNTING THOSE ON THE BANK OF THE POOL. 7:45. COLLECTED 3 PAIRS ON THE SHORE- AND ALL OF THE [[2 female symbols]] ARE FULL OF EGGS. NONE HAVE LAID YET. 0850- THE MALE NOT ONLY CLASPS INGUINALLY, BUT HE ALSO FOLDS HIS HIND LEGS BACK UNDER HIMSELF IN SUCH A WAY THAT HE CAN PUT HIS FEET IN HER GROIN, AGAINST THE UPPER FEMUR. HE THEN PUSHED VIOLENTLY EXTENDING HIMSELF FULLY, SO THAT THE FEMALE IS STRETCHED LENGTHWISE. SHE CAN BE PUSHED FAR ENOUGH THAT HER FEET ARE OUT AT FULL LENGTH AND OVERLAPPING. WHEN ACTUAL EGGLAYING TAKES PLACE, THE [[female symbol]] LOWERS HER HEAD VIOLENTLY, AND THE ANUS & UPPER LEGS ARE RAISED HIGH- QUITE OFTEN CLEAR OUT OF THE WATER. AT THE SAME TIME THE MALE BENDS SHARPLY FORWARD & FORCES HIS ANUS DOWNWARD, WHILE PULLING HIS HIND LEGS MUCH ANTERIORLY- THIS PLACES THE TWO ANUSES IN FAIRLY CLOSE PROXIMITY, AND THE EGGS ARE DISCHARGED. THEY SEEM TO BE DISCHARGED EN MASS, ONE FEMALE EXTRUDING 7 MASSES IN RAPID SUCCESSION. THE MASSES SETTLE OUT INTO STRINGS WHICH LIE ON THE WATER'S SURFACE. THE [[male symbol]] UNDOUBTEDLY FERTILIZES THE WHOLE MASS AS IT COMES OUT, SINCE HE ACTIVELY PARTICIPATES IN THE EXTRUSION. I COULD SEE NO ISSUE FROM THE MALE, HOWEVER. THIS SEEMS TO BE THE REASON FOR THE CONSTANT DOWNWARD PRESSURE BY THE [[male symbol]] ON THE [[female symbol]]'S HEAD- SHE HAS TO LOWER HER HEAD TO LAY THE EGGS. SEPARATION AFTER SUCCESSFUL COPULATION IS QUITE RAPID, AND APPARENTLY BOTH PARTICIPANTS IMMEDIATELY DESERT THE POOL. I SAW ONE PAIR BREAK UP AND THE MALE LEFT IN A GREAT RUSH, GOING AT LEAST 20 FEET AWAY FROM THE POOL WITHOUT STOPPING. THE [[female symbol]] OF THE PAIR LEFT SOMEWHAT MORE SLOWLY, AND STOPPED UNDER A LOG WHERE OTHER TOADS WERE ALSO. A SECOND PAIR COMPLETED EGG LAYING AND ALMOST AS SOON AS THEY FINISHED THE [[female symbol]] TOOK OFF WITH THE MALE ON HER BACK AND LEFT THE POOL IN GREAT HOPS - AT LEAST 2 1/2 TO 3 FEET, - TO A NEARBY CLUMP OF BUSHES, WITH THE [[male symbol]] STILL TIGHTLY CLASPING.
[[underline]] P. 2[[/underline]] BUFO MARMOREUS JUNE 26, 1950. 0700- RETURNED TO POOL, AND EVERY EGG MASS HAD EITHER COMPLETELY HATCHED OR WAS A WRIGGLING MASS TRYING TO FREE ITSELF FROM THE GELATINE. MASSES WHICH I SAW DEPOSITED YESTERDAY AT 0900 WERE HATCHED TODAY. ALL ADULTS WERE COMPLETELY GONE FROM THE POOL, OF COURSE. THE H2O HAD CLEARED COMPLETELY OF THE SILT OF THE ADULT'S COMMOTION, AND I COULD SEE THE ENTIRE BOTTOM, WHICH WAS ALMOST. COVERED WITH EGG MASSES AND WIGGLERS. IT IS NOT MORE THAN 3-4 INCHES DEEP AT ANY POINT. JUNE 29, 1950. RETURNED TO COAHUAYANA, AND FOUND THE POOL COMPLETELY DRIED UP, EXCEPT FOR A LITTLE MUD IN THE MIDDLE. THERE IS APPARENTLY NO SURVIVAL OF SPAWN AT ALL. THE LARVAE BLACKEN THE DRIED BOTTOM OF THE POOL.
J M BUFO MARMOREUS WIEGMANN [[checkmark]] ISIS VON OKEN, 26, 1833,p. 66. T.L.:VERACRUZ, V.C. MICHOACAN-APATZINGAN (S.+S.) RECOG. CHAR.: WELL DEVELOPED CRANIAL CRESTS, SUPRATYMPANIC CREST USUALLY PRESENT; PARATOID SEPARATED FROM EYE BY CREST AND SMALL SPACE; NO HORNY BLACK METATARSAL TUBEROSE. JALISCO: 2 MI. N. OF LA RESOLANA; 1500 FT., APRIL 6, 1949. NO. 405. CAUGHT BY MOONLIGHT AS IT HOPPED ACROSS THE MAIN ROAD. THE TOAD WAS VERY SLOW AND AWKWARD, IT'S JUMPS WERE QUITE INEFFECTUAL. WHEN KEYED, THIS ANIMAL GOES EQUALLY WELL TO EITHER MARMOREUS OR VALLICEPS, DEPENDING UPON THE INTERPRETATION OF CRANIAL CREST DEVELOPMENT. THEY ARE LARGE, AND WELL DEVELOPED, TO MY MIND. THE OCCIPITAL CREST IS PRESENT.
J DIAGLENA [[strikeout]]pternehyla fodiens bl.gr.[[/strikeout]] [[checkmark]] [[strikeout]] ANN. MAG. N.M., 5(10), 1882,p. 326, FIG 7. T.L.: PRESIDIO, 50 MI. FROM MAZATLAN, SINALOA.[[/strikeout]] JULY 15, 1950- OSTULA, MICHOACAN. THIS SPECIES BEGAN CALLING ABOUT DUSK, AFTER AN AFTERNOON OF RATHER STEADY RAINFALL. THEY SANG MOST OF THE EARLY NIGHT, BUT STOPPED [[scribble]] WHEN THE RAIN STOPPED. THEY WERE SEEN THROUGHOUT THE VILLAGE, QUITE ABUNDANT. THEY HOPPED UP AND DOWN THE STREETS, INTO THE YARDS AND FIELDS, AND EVEN INTO THE LESS TIGHTLY CLOSED HOUSES. THEY ARE EASILY TAKEN; THEY DO NOT EVEN OFFER TO HOP WHEN SHONE WITH THE LIGHT. SEVERAL WERE TAKEN IN THE STREETS, THE REST WERE FOUND BY THEIR SINGING. THE SONG IS A LOW SNORE, RISING IN PITCH ALL THE TIME. IT IS REPEATED AT 5-10 SECOND INTERVALS. THE SOUND IS PRODUCED BY FORCING AIR FROM THE BODY INTO THE VOCAL SAC. [[underline]] SMILISEA BAUDINII [[/underline]] JOINED WITH THIS SPECIES IN A CHORUS IN AN OPEN FIELD IN THE CENTER OF TOWN. THE FIELD IS NORMALLY DRY, BUT IT HAD ABOUT 2 INCHES OF STANDING WATER DURING THE RAIN, AND SEVERAL FAST STREAMS- FLOWING ACROSS IT. . THE FROGS SAT ON THE GROUND, USUALLY UNDER LEAF COVER FROM LOW PLANTS. LIVE ADULT: HEAD GRAY BROWN WITH CHOCOLATE BROWN MARKINGS OR RETICULATIONS. EYE STRONGLY PROJECTING WITH A GRAY GREEN SKIN ON THE BACK HALF, PUPIL BLACK WITH A GOLDEN IRIS [[strikeout]] [[?]] [[/strikeout]] RETICULATED WITH BLACK. DORSAL COLOR DULL GREEN, WITH RETICULATIONS OF BLACK MIDDORSALLY, AND OF CHOCOLATE BROWN DORSOLATERALLY AND LATERALLY. THE DULL GREEN OF THE BACK LIGHTENS DORSOLATERALLY AND FADES INTO THE NEUTRAL COLOR OF THE LOW SIDES. THE UPPER SURFACES OF THE ARMS AND LEGS ARE IN THE SAME COLOR AND PATTERN AS THE BACK. THE 1[[underlined superscript]] ST [[/underlined superscript]] 2 FINGERS ARE [[strikeout]] very [[/strikeout]] SOLID CREAM, THE OTHER TWO ARE CREAM WITH CHOCOLATE RETICULATIONS. THE HIND FOOT IS ALMOST ENTIRELY CHOCOLATE ABOVE, WITH SOME GREENISH SPOTTING. THE THUMB IS WONDERFULLY OPPOSABLE, AND HE ACTUALLY GRASPED A HYPO NEEDLE ABOUT THE BIG END AND HELD IT BY HIMSELF, WITH 3 FINGERS ON ONE SIDE AND THE THUMB ON THE
[[strikethrough]] PTERNONYLA? [[/strikethrough]] DIAGLENA [[strikethrough]] ? [[/strikethrough]] P. 2. OTHER, HOLDING IT AFTER I RELEASED IT. THE LOWER PART OF THE FLANGE IS LIGHT, FAIRLY IRIDESCENT GREEN, WITH SLIGHT CHOCOLATE MOTTLING. THE CHIN AND THROAT ARE WHITE. THE BELLY IS GREENISH-CREAM, WHILE THE LOWER SURFACES OF THE ARMS & LEGS ARE A FLESH TINT. THERE ARE NO FLASH COLORS ON THE FEMUR NOR IN THE GROIN. THE NOSTRILS ARE DIRECTED UP AND BACKWARDS AND ARE ALMOST CONSTANTLY IN MOTION, THE ANTERIOR EDGE PULLING FLAT AGAINST THE HEAD TO CLOSE THE OPENING. VARIATIONS: THE AMT OF RETICULATION ON THE BACK VARIES CONSIDERABLY. ONE HAS ENOUGH THAT I COULD ALMOST CALL THE GREEN THE RETICULATION. THERE HAS BEEN NO MORE CALLING BY THESE FROGS SINCE THE [[strikethrough]] FIRST [[/strikethrough]] RAIN ON THE 14 [[underlined superscript]] TH [[/underlined superscript]], WHICH WAS THE FIRST GOOD HEAVY ONE OF THE SEASON IN THIS VALLEY. THE FROGS SANG ONLY DURING THE DARK AND DURING THE RAIN. WHEN THE RAIN STOPPED AT ABOUT 0100 ON JULY 15, THE FROGS STOPPED SOON AFTER. I HAVE NOT SEEN ANOTHER SINCE, NOR HEARD ONE. THEY ARE COMPLETELY GONE. JULY 17, 1950. APPARENTLY THE CHORUS WAS NOT IN VAIN, BECAUSE WHEN I RETURNED TO THE POOL THIS MORNING IN WHICH THE FROGS HAD BEEN CALLING, I FOUND FRESHLY HATCHED TADPOLES. [[strikethrough]] APP [[/strikethrough]] THE BREEDING SEASON MUST BE COMPLETE WITH THAT AMOUNT OF ACTIVITY.
ELEUTHERODACTYLUS B. OCCIDENTALIS. JULY 5, 1950- LA PLACITA, MICHOACAN. THESE FROGS ARE IN ALMOST- FULL CHORUS IN THE SCRUB AND THICKET [[strikeout]] NORTH [[/strikeout]] EAST OF THE TOWN. THEY SIT ON LOW BRACHES, VINES, OR SHRUBS, FROM 3-7 FEET ABOVE THE GROUND. THEY ALWAYS PICK A SPOT WHERE THE BRANCH RUNS PARALLEL OR CLOSE TO IT TO THE GROUND. THE CALL IS A RAPIDLY REPEATED SINGLE NOTE WHISTLE- WHEET WHEET WHEET. THE SINGLE NOTE IS ALMOST HYLA CRUCIFER LIKE, BUT THE RAPIDITY OF REPETITION SMOOTHS IT OUT SOMEWHAT, AND MAKES IT MORE OF A WHISTLE THAN A PEEP. THE CALL IS 5 OR 6 NOTES LONG, AND IS REPEATED EVERY 15-20 SECONDS. IT IS QUITE PIERCING, AND MAKES ONE'S EARS RING IF HEARD FROM CLOSE UP. THE FROGS THEMSELVES ARE TAN DORSALLY, WITH STREAKS OF BLACK ALONG THE WARTY RIDGES. A SLIGHTLY DARKER OR GREYISH TAN STRIPE STARTS AT A BLACK LINE BETWEEN THE EYE AND TRIANGULATES TO THE SCAPULAR REGION AND THEN CONTINUES DOWN THE VERTEBRAL LINE TO THE VENT. THE TOP OF THE SNOUT IS VERY LIGHT TAN. THE CANTHAL RIDGE IS BORDERED BELOW BY A DARK BROWN LINE WHICH RUNS THRU THE EYE AND ACROSS AND DOWN BEHIND THE TYMPANUM. THE SIDE OF THE HEAD IS COPPERY, WITH BLACK SPOTS ON THE LIPS. THE LOWER LIP ALTERNATES FLESH AND WHITE. THE EYE IS BLACK RINGED WITH COPPER SPECKLED WITH BLACK. THE CHIN IS [[strikeout]] [[?]] [[/strikeout]] NATURAL-GREYISH THE VENTRAL DISK IS CREAM-WHITE. THE FORELEG IS ^[[LIGHT]] TAN SPOTTED WITH OCCASIONAL BLACK, THE HIND LEG IS DARK TAN BARRED WITH LIGHT BROWN, THE FLASH PATCHES FORE AND AFT ON THE FEMUR AND IN THE GROIN ARE DULL REDDISH ORANGE, NOT AT ALL BRIGHT. VARIATIONS: 1 DORSAL COLOR GREENISH-TAN, DARK SPOT ON BACK NO MORE THAN TRIANGLE BETWEEN EYES, BLACK ON BACK BRIGHTER. 2. DORSALLY MORE BROWN, LESS BLACK SPOTS, FLASH COLORS QUITE BRIGHT ORANGE RED.
ELEUTHGRODACTYLUS C. AUG. 9, 1950. COLL. ESTOPILAS DE SALITRE, MICHOACAN, AUG. 6, 1950. LIVE SPECIMEN: RUSTY OR RUSSET RED ON BACK, FAINT BLACK MARKINGS, FAINT BLACK BAR BTWN EYES. SIDES YELLOW, WITH BLACK MOTTLING. FLASH COLORS YELLOW + BLACK MOTTLED. VENTER CREAMY WHITE. EYE GOLDEN ABOVE, HORIZONTAL BROWN LINE, GRAY BELOW. DORSAL SURFACE HIND LEGS SAME COLOR AS BACK.
M HYLA BISTINCTA COPE [[checkmark]] PROC. AMER. [[INLOS??]]. SOC, 17, 1877, p. 87. T.L.: "MOST PROBABLY VERACRUZ, MEXICO" MARCH 22, 1949. CERRO SAN ANDRES, W. SLOPE, 1 1/2 MI. N. OF SAN PEDRO, CA 10 MI. WNW OF CIUDAD HIDALGO, 7,800 FT. DR. McVAUGH PICKED THIS SPECIMEN OFF A ROCK WALL FOR ME. IT APPARENTLY WAS IN THE OPEN.
HYLA ENMIP- MAY 11, 1949 CALL ONLY ON INFLATION " " WITH BODY IN H2O CLASPING IS AXILLARY 1015-CLASPING PAIR FOUND BODY IS TREMENDOUSLY DISTENDED WHILE CALLING AIR GOES FROM BODY TO THROAT AND BACK. AIR IN A DISTENDED BODY CAN BE FORCED INTO SAC BY FINGERS WITHOUT SOUND.- VOCAL CORDS ARE UNDER FROG'S CONTROL. [[horizontal line across page]] 9200 FT, K. 54 PATH JACAMISARO HGHY. [[horizontal line in middle of page doesn't reach all the way across]] 18-11-80 35-95-00
HYLA SMITHI JULY 15, 1950. - OSTULA, MICHOACAN, 400 [[plus or minus sign]] FEET. PICKED UP BY DR STORER, IN BREEDING CHORUS - WHICH I WAS UNABLE TO FIND. SERIES 1091-1098. LIVE SPECIMEN,[[male symbol]]- A PERFECTLY UNIFORM BUTTERSCOTCH DORSALLY AND ON THE LIMBS. THE BACK IS SOMEWHAT DARKER THAN THE LIMBS, AND THE HEAD VERY SLIGHTLY DARKER THAN THE BODY. THE SIDES ARE THE SAME COLOR AS THE ARMS AND LEGS. THERE IS A SLIGHTLY DIFFERENTIATED FLASH AREA ON THE THIGHS OF AN ORANGISH. IT IS NOT STRONGLY CONTRASTED WITH THE BUTTERSCOTCH. THE EYE IS COPPERY HEAVILY RETICULATED WITH BLACK. THE BELLY IS CREAM, THE REST FLESH. THE THROAT IS TRANSLUCENT, AND THE TONGUE AND PART OF THE HYOID ARE VISIBLE THRU IT. CLASPING IS AXILLARY. JULY 16,1950. RETURNED TO THE RIGHT POOL THIS MORNING WITH STORER. FOUND SMALL EGG MASSES, WITH EGGS IN FASTRULA, WHICH WERE ATTACHED TO SEVERAL SMALL TWIGS, THE SIDES OF SEVERAL ROCKS, AND A FEW LYING LOOSE ON THE BOTTOM. THE POOL WAS AT THE FOOT OF A STEEP DROP OFF IN A MOUNTAIN STREAM, AND WAS IN A LIMESTONE BLOCK AREA. THE WHOLE AREA WAS QUITE DAMP, AND FERNS & MOSSES GREW IN ABUNDANCE, SO THE AREA IS FAIRLY CONSTANTLY WET. THE POOL IS ABOUT 4 FEET ACROSS & 3 WIDE, AND IS NOWHERE MORE THAN 5 INCHES DEEP. STORER FOUND THE FROGS IN CHORUS, AND COLLECTED 4 CLASPING PAIRS. THIS WAS ABOUT 0800 JULY 15. HE HAD DIFFICULTY DESCRIBING THE VOICE- BUT POINTED OUT A SINGLE CALLER WHEN WE GOT THERE. IT WAS A SOFT,
HYLA SMITHI 2/ HIGH-PITCHED, METALLIC SERIES OF CHIRKS. HE FOUND CLASPING PAIRS AS MUCH AS 6 FEET FROM THE POOL. I SEARCHED THE AREA ABOVE THE POOL CAREFULLY, AND FOUND NO FROGS IN TREES, UNDER LOGS, ROCKS, OR MOSS, BARK, ETC. I SUSPECT THEY LIVE DEEP IN THE CREVICES OF THE LIMESTONE. THEY HAVE A VERY PROMINENT INGUINAL FOLD IN LIFE.
HYLA SMITHI AUG. 5-6, ^[[1950]] ESTOPILAS DE SALITRE, MICHOACAN, [[strikeout]] [[?]] [[/strikeout]] (AUG.7) ON NIGHT OF 5 [[underlined superscript]] TH [[/underlined superscript]], I CAUGHT ONE OF THESE CALLING ON THE TOP LEAF OF A 4 FOOT HERBACEOUS PLANT. THE CALL IS MUCH LIKE THAT OF A CRICKET, WITH A SLIGHTLY RISING NOTE. IT IS THE SAME CALL THAT STORER POINTED OUT FOR THE FROGS HE FOUND BREEDING AT OSTULA. ALSO AGAIN I NOTE A GOOD SIZED AXILLARY FOLD.
M HYLA SMITHI BLGR. [[checkmark]] BIOL. CENT. AMER., 1901,p. 213, pl. 73. T.L: CUERNAVACA, MONEROS MICH.: LA [[?EADA]] (S.+S.) JALISCO: 2 MI. N. OF LA RESOLANA, 1500 FT., APRIL 6-8, 1949. THIS FROG IS THE MOST ABUNDANT SPECIES OF THIS TROPICAL LOWLAND AREA. IT IS FOUND IN THE WET BASES OF THE LARGE "ELEPHANT-EAR" PLANTS, (PROBABLY ^[[XANTHOSOMA ROSEUM SCROM]] COLCASSIA?), IN WHICH IT SITS FACING UPWARDS. IT OFTEN RETREATS FARTHER DOWN INTO THE LEAF BASE TO ESCAPE, HOPPING ONLY WHEN FORCED OUT. THERE ARE QUITE OFTEN 2 OR 3 TO A LEAF. THERE IS QUITE A RANGE OF COLOR, FROM A LIGHT BROWN DORSALLY WITH DARK STIPPLING TO [[strikeout]] AN [[/strikeout]] A CLEAR LIGHT YELLOW, OR STRAW COLORED. THE LATTER IS THE MORE TYPICAL COLOR. THEY ALL HAVE A LIGHT YELLOW LINE BORDERED BELOW BY BROWN, WHICH RUNS FROM THE TIP OF THE SNOUT THROUGH THE EYE AND THEN DORSOLATERALLY, USUALLY FADING OUT ANTERIOR TO THE HIND LEG INSERTION.
LEPTODACTYLUS AUG. 10, 1950- LAGOON AT MARUATA, MICHOACAN. THIS SPECIES HAS BEEN CALLING SINCE WE FIRST ARRIVED HERE AUG. 8, AT ABOUT 1900. ALL THOSE CALLING WERE SCATTERED AND ISOLATED AT THAT TIME. THEY CONTINUED ISOLATED CALLING UNTIL TODAY, AND THERE IS NOW (1100) A SMALL CHORUS FOCUSSED IN THE SMALLEST POOL BEHIND OUR CAMP. THERE ARE ABOUT 6-7 [[strikeout]][[female symbols]] [[/strikeout]] [[two male symbols]] IN THE CHORUS WHICH IS IN BRIGHT SUNLIGHT. THERE ARE FISH IN THE POOL. THE CALL IS A METALLIC CLICKING SOUND, WHICH IS STEADILY REPEATED. THE SINGLE [[male symbol]] WHICH I COLLECTED HERE HAS A DOUBLE POINTED, FAIRLY SHARP HORNY PAD ON THE [[strikeout]] [[?]] [[/strikeout]] THUMBS. CHORUS STOPPED ABOUT NOON.
M LEPTODACTYLUS LABIALIS COPE [[checkmark]] PROC.AMER. PHILOS. SOC.,17,1877,p. 90. T.L.: MEXICO. MICH.:APATZINGAN, (S.+S.) JULY 15, 1950. LIVE ADULT: OLIVE BROWN DORSALLY, BLACK STRIPES. ORANGE LINE FROM EYE TO ANGLE, DULL YELLOW LINE BETWEEN EYES ON ANT. EDGE OF HEAD TRIANGLE, YELLOW-ORANGE UNDER ARM INSERTION, FEW WHITE SPOTS ON SPIDES, ORANGE LINE (FLASH NAME[[scribble]])ON SIDE FROM GROIN FORWARD. YELLOW LINES ON ROSTRUM. VENTER WHITE. SLIGHT YELLOWISH IN GROIN. BLACK PATCH OVER TYMPANUM. LEGS OLIVE GREEN WITH BLACKISH BARRING.
J M LEPTODACTYLUS MELANONOTUS (HALLOWELL) [[checkmark]] PROC. ANSP, 12, 1860,p. 485. T.L: NICARAGUA. MICH.: APATZINGAN. JALISCO: 2 MI. N OF LA RESOLANA, 1500 FT., APRIL. 7, 1949. FAIRLY ABUNDANT ON THE SMALL SPRING FED STREAMS IN A DENSE FOREST. THERE IS AN AMAZING VARIATION IN COLOR IN THE SERIES I COLLECTED, AND THERE SEEMS TO BE MORE THAN ONE THING REPRESENTED. THE YOUNG SPECIMENS ARE EXCEEDINGLY NUMEROUS ON THE FLOOR OF THE FOREST. THEY HIDE UNDER THE LEAF [[?]] NEAR THE POOLS, AND ARE VERY ACTIVE. THE ADULTS ARE MUCH LIKE RANA IN THEIR HABITS, SITTING ALONG A STREAM AND DIVING IN WHEN FRIGHTENED, BURROWING INTO MUD AND MUCK. IN A LIVING SPECIMEN THERE IS AN AREA IMMEDIATELY BEHIND THE JAW WHICH IS A LIGHT ORANGE. IT HAS THE TEXTURE AND SOMEWHAT THE APPEARANCE OF A PARATOID GLAND. THERE IS SLIGHT ORANGE MOTTLING ANTERIOR TO THE HIND LEG INSERTION. THERE IS A TRIANGULAR, WHITE EDGED DARK PATCH BETWEEN THE EYES.
LEPTODACTYLUS OCCIDENTALIS NOV. 17, 1950. JAP # 631-636 IN THE 1949 JAP COLLECTION, THE SERIES FROM NEAR IXRAN, NAYARIT, CAN BE SORTED OUT IMMEDIATELY ON THE BASIS OF SHAPE AND COLOR OF THE POSTINGUINAL + POST FEMORAL GLANDULAR AREAS. THIS IS APPARENT EVEN IN THE SMALLEST INDIVIDUAL- ONLY SLIGHTLY MORE THAN 20mm. (IN OPPOSITION TO BOGERT AND OLIVER, WHO FOUND NO INDIVIDUALS WITH THE GLANDS PROMINENT THAT WAS LESS THAN 25mm. LONG). THESE LITTLE ONES ARE ALMOST CERTAINLY JUVENILES. I NOTE ALSO THAT THE WHITE PATCH OR BAR ^[[ON THE SIDES]] IMMEDIATELY ANTERIOR TO THE INSERTION OF THE HIND LEGS IS VERY REDUCED OR TOTALLY ABSENT IN MY NAYARIT SPECIMENS, IN CONTRAST WITH THE PROMINENT AREA IN ALL THE JALISCAN [[underline]]MELANONOTUS[[/underline]]. ALL THE NAYARIT SPECIMENS ARE SMALLER THAN THE JALISCAN SPECIMENS, BY A GOOD DEAL. JAP # 508-509. JALISCO, NR.AMELA. THESE TWO AGREE RATHER WELL WITH THE SERIES FROM NAYARIT DISCUSSED ABOVE, AND ARE ALSO PLACED IN THIS SPECIES. THE SPOTS ON THE SIDES ARE ALSO MISSING IN THIS PAIR. NONE OF THE SPECIMENS I'M CALLING [[underline]]OCCIDENTALIS[[/underline]] HAVE DEVELOPED THUMB SPINES, [[strikeout]] sentence[[/strikeout]] THERE SEEMS TO BE A CONSTANT DIFFERENCE IN THE AMT. OF GLANDULAR SWELLING ALONG THE EDGE OF THE TARSAL FOLD. IN EQUALLY SIZED INDIVIDUALS, THERE IS A MUCH HEAVIER DENTICULATION ON TH FOLD IN [[underline]]MELANONOTUS[[/underline]]THAN IN [[underline]]OCCIDENTALIS[[/underline]], IN ALL MY SPECIMENS. THE DIFFERENCE IN BLACK PIGMENT VENTRALLY MAY ALSO BE MENTIONED-[[underline]]OCC.[[/underline]] HAVING MUCH MORE STIPPLING WITH BLACK VENTRALLY, PARTICULARLY ON LEGS.
# 672-LAKE CHAPALA. LOOKS ALMOST IDENTICAL TO [[underline]]OCCIDENTALIS[[/underline]] AND THE ONLY REASON I'M PUTTING IT IN [[underline]]MELANONOTUS[[/underline]] IS GEOGRAPHIC. IT DOES HAVE WIDELY SEPARATED THUMB SPINES, HOWEVER.
HYPOPACHUS. (MICROAYLA?) AUG. 25, 1950. 1396-1398. COLLECTED AUG. 24, 9.8 MI. E OF TELPAN, GUERRERO, [[plus/minus]] 200' IN CHORUS IN DAMP DITCH ALONG ROADSIDE, ONLY WATER AT SPOT I COLLECTED WAS IN COW TRACKS. SLIGHT DRIZZLING RAIN AT TIME OF COLLECTION. THEY WERE CALLING FROM [[scribble]] IN GRASS AND WEEDS, ALL ON GROUND, APPARENTLY. CHORUS QUITE LARGE. CALL A SHORT, SOFT, SINGLE NOTE, VERY DECEPTIVE. AWFULLY DIFFICULT TO LOCATE. RAPIDLY REPEATED, QUITE HIGH. SLIGHT RACHETY QUALITY. CALLING MALE: DK BROWN, BLACK EDGED DORSAL STRIPE, NARROW AT EYES, GRADUALLY WIDENING TO REAR. A LIGHTER BROWN AREA BELOW THIS STRIPE, THEN A BLACK STIPPLED AREA FROM AXILLA TO GROIN, ABOVE THE RETICULATIONS OF THE BELLY. RETICU-LATIONS STRONGER ON SIDES THAN BELLY. SNOUT SLIGHTLY GREENISH-BROWN; IRIS GOLDEN ABOVE, PUPIL BLACK. VOCAL SAC PURPLISH-BLACK. FORELIMBS GOLDENBROWN ABOVE, RETIC. WITH BLACK, FLESH BELOW. HINDLIMBS LIGHT BROWN ABOVE, RETIC ON SIDES WITH BLACK+WHITE, FLESH BELOW. VARIATION: THE BROWN ON THE SIDES IS QUITE CINNAMON IN ONE INDIVIDUAL. THE SMALLEST SPECIMEN IS QUITE GRAY-BROWN DORSALLY.
[[underline]] RANA PUSTULATA [[/underline]] Herps. 4 [[underline]] Rana [[/underline]] Collected 8 August in small stream near head of valley in which air strip is situated. 1 pr in amplexus. 1 animal backed against rock & head 1" from mass of freshly-laid eggs 4 [[underlined superscript]] th [[/underlined superscript]] frog in nearby pool in stream. eggs ^[[freshly]] hatched [[strikeout]] by [[/strikeout]] on Aug 11. elev. about same as town eggs laid in pool [[&]] still water connected to main stream at high water 1 [[underline]] Sceloporus [[/underline]] collected on pine log about 4500' on hill to s & w of airstrip AUG. 25, 1950. THESE NOTES WERE WRITTEN BY STORER CONCERNING THE FROGS HE COLLECTED FOR ME. JAP # 1316-18, 1322.
J SCAPHIOPUS MULTIPLICATUS COPE [[checkmark]] PROC. ANSP, 15,1868,p. 52. T.L.: "VALLEY OF MEXICO", MEXICO. JUNE [[strikeout]] 20 [[/strikeout]], 21, 1950. 15 [[strikeout]] MI. [[/strikeout]] KM. W. OF MORELIA, AT TURNOFF TO TAZICUARO., 6500'. [[strikeout]] JAP 888-882 [[/strikeout]] JAP 888-892 A SERIES OF 4 WERE TAKEN UNDER A SINGLE ROCK ON THE DAMP, STEEP SLOPE OF A LIMESTONE SINK. THEY WERE BURROWED INTO A RATHER SOFT, ASHLIKE SUBSTANCE UNDER THE ROCK, WHICH LAY AT ABOUT A 45◦ ANGLE. EACH HAD ITS OWN HOLE. STORER FOUND A [[strikeout]] [[?]] [[/strikeout]] BUFO UNDER A NEARBY ROCK. I TOOK A [[strikeout]] [[?]] [[/strikeout]] FIFTH SCAPA FROM THE STOMACH OF A TRAMNOPHIS EQUES. ALTHO ALL OF THE SURROUNDING AREA WAS QUITE DRY AND ROCKY, THE LIMESTONE SINKS RETAINED CONSIDERABLE DAMPNESS. THE FROGS HAVE A LIGHT GREENISH GRAY GROUND COLOR, WITH SCATTERED BLACK SPOTS. THE TOP OF EACH INDIVIDUAL WART HAS A RED SPOT ON IT, PERHAPS MARKING A PORE. THE BELLY IS DIRTY CREAM THE FLANKS AND THIGHS A FLESH COLOR, THE SPADES BLACK. THE IRIS IS GOLDEN, MINUTELY BUT HEAVILY FLECKED WITH BLACK. THE DIGITS ARE WHITE.
J M SMILISCA BAUDINII BAUDINII (D. + B.) [[checkmark]] ERP. GEN., 8, 1941, p. 564. T.L.: MEXICO. MICHOACAN: APATZINGAN (S. + S.) SMITH, 1941,p. 38. LARGE, GRAY SPECIES WITH X-SHAPED MARK ON BACK. JUNE 20, 1950. HEARD IN CHORUS AT LA PLAYA, MICHOACAN, AT NIGHT. BOTH ALONG RIVER AND AT SMALLER POOLS. CALL STRONGLY RESEMBLES A BATCH OF QUACKING DUCKS. JULY 8, 1950. HAVE HEARD THIS SPECIES CALLING AT CUANUAYANA AND AT LA PLACITA, MICHOACAN. CAUGHT ONE AT LA PLACITA. IT IS QUITE GREEN AS A GROUND COLOR, NOT GRAY AT ALL IT HAS PAIRED VOCAL SACS ON THE THROAT. THEY HAVE NOT BEEN IN GOOD CHORUS YET IN ANY LOCALITY, JUST AN OCCASIONAL CALL. I HAVE NOT FOUND THEM IN ABUNDANCE. THE ONE I COLLECTED WAS SITTING ON A STUB OF A BRANCH WHICH STUCK OUT OVER THE TRAIL. IT WAS AT NIGHT. JULY 15, 1950.- OSTULA, MICHOACAN. THE FIRST GOOD, HEAVY RAIN OF THE YEAR HERE BROUGHT THIS SPECIES OUT IN ABUNDANCE, AND THEY WERE FOUND IN BREEDING CHORUS WITH [[underline]]PTERNORYLA[[/underline]](DIAGLENA?). THEIR VOICE IS NOT SO MUCH A QUACK, AS IN THOSE IN VERACRUZ, AS A BARK OR HONK, RAPIDLY REPEATED. I GUESS A HONK COMES THE CLOSEST TO BEING ACCURATE. THIS IS CERTAINLY [[underline]] NOT [[/underline]] A LARGE GRAY SPECIES WITH AN X MARK ON ITS BACK HERE. THE ENTIRE BACK IS A UNIFORM LEAF GREEN, WITH NO MARKINGS AT ALL. LATERALLY BELOW THE GREEN IS A YELLOW WHICH IS SOMEWHAT RETICULATED WITH BROWN. A VERY SHORT BLACK LINE BEGINS AT THE TYMPANUM, AND RUNS BACK ALONG A SLIGHT DORSOLATERAL FOLD.
SMILISCA BAUDINII. [[underline]]2[[/underline]] JULY 18, 1950 (CONT.) DORSALLY THE LIMBS ARE THE SAME COLOR AS THE BACK, ALTHO IT FADES TO A VERY LIGHT GOLDEN ON THE FINGERS. THE FLASH COLORS ON THE THIGHS ARE THE SAME COLOR OF THE SIDES, AND THE FEMUR COVERS ALL THE YELLOW ON THE SIDES WHEN FOLDED FORWARD. THE VENTRAL COLOR IS A DIRTY CREAM, AND IS UNIFORM. THE LOWER SIDES OF THE LIMBS ARE FLESH COLORED.
[[underline]]SYRRHOPHUS[[/underline]] 4/18/51. 3 PALMAR TUBERCLES., DIGITS SLIGHTLY WIDENED AT TIP, VENTRUM SMOOTH, DORSUM POSTULATE, MOSS PROMINENT ON HEAD, NO VESTIGE OF WEB ON TOES. 897-99 981 1010-11 1167-69 1297 [[strikeout]]?[[/strikeout]]
M TOMODACTYLUS ANGUSTIDIGITORUM TAYLOR [[checkmark]] U.KANS. SCI. BULL, 26, 1939(1940) p. 494 pl. 55. T.L.: QUIROGA, MICHOACAN, 6880' MICH.: MT. TANCITARO.(S.+S.) RECOG. CHAR: INGUINAL GLANDS PRESENT, BROWNISH MOTTLED BENEATH, TOADLIKE. JUNE 16,1950. 1/4 MI. NE OF [[strikeout]]?[[/strikeout]]ANGAVAN, MICHOACAN. [[smudged numbers?]] STARTED TO CHORUS ABOUT DARK, SLIGHTLY EARLIER THAN ENOUGH TO NEED A LIGHT. A VERY LARGE CHORUS, ALL ON A LARGE ASH-COVERED HILLSIDE + PLAIN. THERE WAS RATHER MUCH VEGETATION, CONSIDERING THE HEAVY ASH COVER. THE FROGS [[strikeout]]?[[/strikeout]] CALLED FROM THE GROUND, AT LEAST THOSE I COULD FIND. TEMPERATURE WAS ABOUT 58[[degree]] F. WHILE THEY CALLED. THEY CALLED ALL NIGHT, STOPPING AT DAWN. THE CALL IS AN EXACT REPLICA OF THAT OF [[underline]]HYLA CRUCIFER[[/underline]], A SINGLE LOUD [[underline]]PEEP[[/underline]]. I SAW NO FEMALES AT ALL. COLLECTED THREE. THE FROGS WERE QUITE DARK BROWN WHEN COLLECTED, WITH BLACK STRIPES. TODAY THERE IS MUCH BROWNISH-GREEN ON THE BACK, WITH BLACKISH STRIPES VERY INDISTINCT, ON BOTH SIDES OF THE VERTEBRAL LINE. THE INGUINAL GLAND IS A BRIGHT GREEN, WITH THE LOWER EDGE BLACK. THE UPPER LIP IS A GREENISHBLUE. THE BELLY IS SCROPHULOUSLY MOTTLED WITH WHITE, AND THE SKIN OF [[^BELLY]] IS QUITE TRANSPARENT PUPIL BLACK, IRIS GOLDEN-GREEN FLECKED. THE POSTERIOR PORTION OF THE BACK IS COVERED WITH DARK ORANGE WARTS, AND A ROW OF GREENISH WARTS RUN ALONG THE BACK EDGE OF THE [[strikeout]]?[[/strikeout]] THIGH. ONE STILL RETAINS THE BROWN ON THE BACK AND THE GLANDS ARE ORANGEBROWN WITH BLACK MOTTLING. THE BACK IS DARK TAN, THE COLOR OF GOOD SHOE LEATHER.
9:15 PM [[circled]] 1 [[/circled]]]] AIR TEMP. 32◦F H2O " [[Ditto for: TEMP]] 42◦F. SALAMANDERS LYING STILL ON BOTTOM. ONLY MOVED WHEN TOUCHED BY NET. 4 IN A 3 FOOT RADIUS, ONE BY STONE RETAINING WALL, ALONE. LITTLE PROWLING OR SEARCHING 35. 3 FAIRLY PLUMP SALAMANDERS ARE LINED UP IN CREVICES OF A STONE RETAINING WALL. THEY LIE WELL INSIDE THESE CRACKS, SHOWING ONLY BITS OF BODY AND LEGS. A FOURTH SALAMANDER WHICH HAD BEEN LYING IN THE [[?]] SWAM [[?]] ONE OF THESE [[?]] LAID INSTEAD OVER THE [[?]] LEGS. HE STAYED A FEW
MOMENT & SWAM AWAY. NOW THOSE IN THE CRACKS ARE COMING INTO OPEN WATER FARTHER OUT IN THE WATER I COUNT 7 SALAMAND IN A LONGER DIST. OF 3 FEET. 2 [[EYE?]] TEETH [[OF?]] ONE WAS INT THE OTHERS ANUS 1000 AIR TEMP. 34◦ H20 " [[Ditto for: TEMP]] 42◦ THERE ARE SEVERAL GROUPS OF SIX OR SEVEN IN THE POND, THE GREATEST CONCENTRATIONS [[?]] THE STONEWALL. I HAVE COLLECTED 3 - ALL [[2 male symbols]] THERE IS [[LITTER OF?]] EGGS IN THE POND, BUT WAS THERE [[?]] [[?]] [[SACCXS?]] IN IT.
[[circled]] 2 [[/circled]] THERE ARE MASSES AND SOME GREEN LEAF [[PLANTS?]]. ONE SMALL PATCH OF GREEN PLANT AND 2 SALLYS, BOTH [[?]] FOR 10 MINUTES. ONE THEN SWAM OVER TO THE SECOND AND NUZZLED, IT ABOVE THE [[strikeout]] [[HIPS?]] [[/strikeout]] HIPS. THE 2[[underlined supercript]] ND [[/underlined superscript]] MOVED OVER THE 1[[underlined superscript]] ST [[/underlined superscript]] FOLLOWED, A [[?]] [[AGAINST?]] THE 2[[underlined supercript]] ND [[/underlined superscript]] ON A [[?]] ABOUT, BOOTED THE 1[[underlined supercript]] ST [[/underlined superscript]] WITH ITS HEAD, AND SWAM AWAY. THE 1[[underlined supercript]] ST[[/underlined superscript]] SWAM IN THE OPPOSITE DIRECTION. THE 1[[underlined supercript]] ST [[/underlined superscript]] [[?]] [[?]], WAS [[male symbol]]. IS THIS [[?]] MALEROOVER [[?]] [[RETURN?]] BUTTING AWAY? 1025 [[bent page obscuring text]] P 350
1025. I HAVE MUCKED UP THE H2O SO MUCH I CAN NO, LONGER SEE THEM, SO I WALKED DOWNSTREAM 400 YDS OR SO. THE STREAM WAS VERY TURBULENT & FLOWS STOP, AND I SAW NO SALLYS, OVER IN PONDS WHERE THEY MIGHT BE. I RETURNED ABOUT 1050 AND THE POND WAS STILL STORMED UP. ONE SALY LAY UNDER A LOG WHERE HE HAS BEEN ALL [[EVENING?]].
4 SALLYS IN THE POND, 3 ALONG THE STONE FILL AND 1 UNDER A LOG. ALL ARE ENTIRELY DORMANT AND STILL. 1220 H2O TEMP 40[[degree]] AIR TEMP 31[[degree]] THE TEMPERATURE DROP IN THE H2O LEAVES ME WITH ONLY 2 SALAMANDERS, BOTH VERY STILL. THE PEAK OF THE EVENING, BOTH IN ACTIVITY & IN NUMBERS CAME WITH THE HIGHEST H2O TEMP. - ABOUT 45-46[[degree]]. 0100 AIR -30[[degree]] H2O -41[[degree]] STILL TWO (MISMO), AND [[strikeout]]ONE [[/strikeout]] BOTH SOMEWHAT ACTIVE. THE COLD
[[circled 3]] 1055 H2O TEMP- 44[[degree]] AIR " 36[[degree]] FAIRLY BRISK WIND [[STIRRING H2O]]. 1130 I LEFT AGAIN TO GIVE H2O CHANCE TO CLEAR. THERE IS A FULL MOON TONIGHT, AND THE HEAVY CLOUD COVER WHICH HAS HALFCOVERED THE MOON ALL NIGHT IS RAPIDLY BLOWING AWAY TO THE EASTWARD. THE STARS ARE NOW VISIBLE FOR THE FIRST TIME TONIGHT. 1200 AIR -3 H2O- 42[[degree]] THERE ARE STILL AT LEAST
[[circled 4]] WIND HAS STOPPED. 130 AM. AIR 28[[degree]] H2O 42[[degree]] WITH THE CESSATION OF THE WIND, THE WATER HAS WARMED UP SLIGHTLY, AND NOW I FIND 4 SALLYS, I ADDED NEAR EACH OF THE OTHERS. 200 AM. AIR 29[[degree]] H2O 42[[degree]] COLLECTED ONE MORE SALLY, AND LOST THE OTHERS ACTION ON THE PART OF THE SALAMANDERS HAS CEASED. ALL I SAW WERE [[2 male symbols]] IN THE WATER THEY ARE QUITE LIGHT, WITH DARK SPOTS STANDING OUT CLEARLY. WHEN THEY ARE
REMOVED FROM THEY WATER THEY GO DARK ALL OVER, WITH SOME-WHAT DARKER SPOTS.
[[circled]] 5 [[/circled]] MARCH 15, 1949. NO ACTIVITY IN EARLY MORNING AFTER SUNRISE. 1400 ONE SALLY UNDER ROCK HAS LEFT HIS TAIL EXPOSED. HE'S THE ONLY ONE VISIBLE IN THE POND. 1415 AIR 46˚ H2O 52˚ THE FIRST SALLY HAS LEFT HIS ROCK AND JOINED A 2[[underlined superscript]] ND [[/underlined superscript]] DOWN ALONG THE BASE OF THE RETAINING WALL. NEITHER IS VERY ACTIVE. THERE IS A HEAVY CLOUD COVER, WITH THUNDER AND LIGHTNING A THIRD IS OUT AND MOVING ABOUT 3 FEET FROM SHORE, ON BOTTOM OF 4[[superscript]] TH [[/superscript]] & 5[[underlined superscript]] TH [[/underlined superscript]] ARE ON THE BOTTOM 6 & 7
OUT RESPECTIVELY, BOTH ARE QUIET. 1445 ONE OF THE 2 WHICH HAD BEEN LYING QUITE STILL SINCE 1345 CAME UP TO THE SURFACE FOR A BREATH, HE TOOK ONE BITE OF AIR AND WENT DOWN PERPENDICULARLY. HE HAS LEFT THE WALL AND IS LYING ALONG A LOG ABOUT 3 FT. FROM IT. THE BRIGHT SUN DRIVES THEM UNDER THE MOSS ON THE BOTTOM, WHILE HEAVY CLOUDS ENCOURAGE WANDERING THE ONE MENTIONED ABOVE HAS NOW WALKED ABOUT 3YDS ACROSS TO THE LOG WHICH ALWAYS HAD 2 OR 3 SALLYS LAST NIGHT. IT TOOK 15 MINUTES. HE EXHALED 3 TIMES [[?]]UN [[?]] [[?]]
[[circled]] 6 [[/circled]]. THE SUN HAS COMBINED TO FRIGHTEN HIM AND HE SWAM FOR THE 1 [[underlined supercript]] ST [[/underlined superscript]] TIME, THEN HE CRAWLED SOME MORE, ABOUT A YD. HE HAS HIDDEN HIMSELF 4 TIMES AND DISCARDED EACH IMMEDIATELY. HE JUST FOUND FOOD AND IS EATING IT WITH TYPICAL [[BABY?]] JERKS [[&]] [[?CHERD]]. THIS INDIVID. NOW HID UNDER THE LOG. AT 1510 HE CAME OUT FROM UNDER THE LOG FOR ANOTHER BREATH. THAT'S 25 MINUTES BETWEEN BREATHS. H2O 52˚ AIR 48˚ 1615 THERE ARE NOW 4 SALLYS CLUSTERED ABOUT THE LOG. NO APPARENT SEXUAL ACTIVITY.
[[corner bent]] O THERE ARE NOW 7 SALYS, AND MUCH NOSING, NUZZLING AND CHIN RUBBING IS TAKING PLACE. I HAVE SEEN NO DEF. REBUTERS AS PREV., THIS AM. 1700 A QUICK CENSUS AROUND THE POND SHOWS AT LEAST 12 SALYS PRESENT. THEY ARE NOW SCATTERED ALMOST THROUGHOUT THE POND, THE COMPLETE OVERCAST MAKES THE POND EASY TO SEE INTO. 1930 THE FIRST CENSUS OF THE EVENING GIVES 25 TOTAL, TWO OF WHICH APPEAR NEOTENIC. THEY ARE ALL OVER THE POND NOW
[[circled 7]] 2030 AIR TEMP. 40[[degree]] H2O " 48[[degree]] THERE IS MUCH ACTIVITY TONIGHT, WITH POSSIBLE SPERMATOPHORE DEPOSITION. THERE IS MUCH RUBBING OF CHINS, TOGETHER AND OVER ANUS. ONE PAIR CRAWLED INDIAN FILE AFTER SEVERAL MINUTES OF RUBBING, BUT I COULD DETECT NO SPERMATOPHORES. I COLLECTED 2, ONE WITH GILLS, ONE VERY NEAR SHORE. 2100 AIR TEMP. 34[[degree]] H2O " 46[[degree]] 2[[underlined supercript]]ND[[/underlined superscript]] CENSUS SHOWED 27 SALLYS IN POND (+2 COLLECTED ALSO)
2130 COLLECTED THE FIRST TRUE JUVENILE I'VE SEEN. HE'S VERY SHORT, ALTHO PROBABLY LAST YEAR'S YOUNG. CAUGHT A SECOND WHICH WAS TOO NEAR SHORE. CENSUS- 19 AIR TEMP- 28[[degree]](AT 2145) H2O " - 45[[degree]]. 2200. THERE IS NO SIGN OF GOOD SEXUAL ACTIVITY ANY MORE. ONLY A FEW ARE STARING, ALTHO THE H2O TEMP. STAYS AROUND 44[[degree]]. THE FULL MOON IS NOW SHINING IN THE POOL, AND I THINK THE SALLYS FIND IT AND THE COLD DISCOURAGING.
[[circled number?]] 2230 AS FAR AS I CAN TELL, THERE ARE NO ACTIVE SALLYS IN THE POND NOW. ONLY 2 ARE VISIBLE, AND NEITHER HAS MOVED SINCE 1930 C'EST FINI. AIR TEMP- 27[[degree]] H2O " - 43[[degree]] [[horizontal line]] MAR 16, 1949. AT 0700, POND HAS A SOLID 4 INCH LAYER OF ICE ON IT. SIZE OF POND. OVATE, 21 YDS BY 9 YDS. LONGWAY E TO W.
M Ambystoma Amblycephalum Taylor U. Kans. Sci. Bull., 26, 1939 (1940) p. 420, pl. 45 T. L.: 15 km. W. of Morelia, Michoacan.
M AMBYSTOMA ORDINARIUM TAYLOR U.KANS. SCI.BULL., 26, 1939(1845),p. 422, pl. 46 T.L: 4MI.W. OF EL MIRADOR, NEAR PUERTO HONDO, MICHOACAN MARCH 22, 1947. ^[[CERRO SAN ANDRES, CA. 11 MI. WNW OF CIUDAD HIDALGO.]] THIS SPECIES IS COMMON IN THE STREAMS HERE. I FIRST FOUND NEOTENIC INDIVIDUALS IN A STREAM NEAR CAMP. THIS WAS A CLEAR, RAPIDLY FLOWING CREEK DRAINING A MOUNTAINSIDE. I FOLLOWED IT UP, AND IT FLOWED OVER SEVERAL GOODSIZED WATERFALLS, THEN I FOUND A DAM, WHICH CREATED A GOODSIZED LAKE. THIS LAKE HAS SEVERAL [[strikethrough]] [[?]] [[/strikethrough]] HOUSES NEARBY, CALLED " RANCHO DE AXOLOTL." THE NEOTENIC INDIVIDUALS LIE IN THE STREAM ON THE BOTTOM, IN THE FULL SUNLIGHT. THEY RETREAT TO OVERHANGING BANKS, BUT ARE IN NO HURRY TO DO SO. THEY ARE QUITE BLACKISH, WITH 3 ROWS OF GOLDEN YELLOW SPOTS ON THE SIDES, ONE DORSOLATERAL, ONE VENTROLATERAL, ONE ALMOST DORSALLY. THIS COLOR IS FAIRLY UNIFORM THROUGHOUT THE POPULATION. THE PORES OF THE LATERAL LINE SYSTEM ARE VISIBLE IN EACH OF THE YELLOW SPOTS. THE STREAM FLOWS RAPIDLY IN SHALLOW AREAS, BUT THERE ARE DEEPER HOLES IN WHICH THE CURRENT IS NOT VISIBLE. THESE DEEPER HOLES ALMOST INVARIABLY HAD A SALAMANDER, OR TWO. I FOUND ONE INDIVIDUAL, WITH A FULL GILL COMPLEMENT, WALKING ON THE MUD BANK, ABOUT 2 FEET FROM THE WATER I WATCHED HIM 15 MINUTES, DURING WHICH TIME HE WALKED A LITTLE, BUT USUALLY SAT STILL. I DROPPED HIM IN A BUCKET OF WATER, AND HIS GILLS FLARED OUT AND WORKED AS USUAL. THEY SWIM ALMOST ENTIRELY BY THE USE OF THE TAIL, WITH NO LEG USE. THEY COME UP OFF THE BOTTOM WHEN THEY SWIM, AND LET THEMSELVES SETTLE TO THE BOTTOM WHEN THEY STOP SWIMMING. I COLLECTED FROM THE STREAM SEVERAL TIMES TO GET A SERIES, AND THE NUMBERS WERE UNAFFECTED. EACH POOL CONTAINED THE USUAL NUMBER EACH TRIP. ON MARCH 20 I OFFERED AN INDIAN MONEY FOR AXOLOTES, FOR I WANTED TO LEARN THE BASIS FOR THE NAME OF THE RANCHO. HE BROUGHT IN A GOOD SERIES, ALL TRANSFORMED INDIVIDUALS BUT ONE. HE CLAIMED TO HAVE TAKEN THEM OUT OF THE LAKE, BUT I WENT OVER LATER AND FOUND MANY MORE UNDER ROCKS AND LOGS THERE, AND AN ABUNDANCE OF ROCKS AND LOGS WHICH HAD BEEN TURNED OVER BY THE BOYS. THE LARGEST LAKE IS DRYING UP, AND THE ROCKS AND LOGS IN THE NEARBY AREA ALL HAD TRANSFORMED INDIVIDUALS. I FOUND THEM AS MUCH AS 200 OR 300 YDS FROM THE LAKE, UNDER LOGS - FAR ENOUGH TO HAVE PSEUDOEURYCEA BELLII IN THE SAME PLACE
THE TRANSFORMED INDIVIDUALS VARY CONSIDERABLY IN AMOUNT OF YELLOWISH PRESENT. SOME ARE QUITE DARK, WITH ALMOST NO YELLOW, WHILE OTHERS ARE QUITE LIGHT IN GROUND COLOR, WITH MUCH YELLOW PIGMENTATION. ALMOST ALL HAVE A FAIRLY REGULAR VENTRO-LATERAL LINE OF YELLOW PIGMENT. THERE ARE NEOTENIC AND LARVAL INDIVIDUALS IN THE LAKE, HOWEVER. I CAUGHT SEVERAL OF EACH - INCLUDING ^[[SOME FROM.]] THE STREAM THAT FLOWS INTO THE LAKE. THE LAKE IS HIGH - ABOUT 9500 OR 9600, AND IS QUITE ARTIFICIAL APPARENTLY BEFORE DAMMING THE STREAM FLOWED ACROSS AN ALPINE MEADOW AND DOWN THE VALLEY I FIRST FOUND SPECIMENS IN. THE DAMMING CREATED 2 LAKES, APPARENTLY^ ALTHOUGH ONE OF THEM MAY HAVE EXISTED PREVIOUSLY (THE ONE WHICH SEEMS TO BE DRYING UP.)
ABYSTOMA SP. JALISCO: SIERRA DE AUTLAN, 7000-7600 FT., CIRCA 15 MI. S. OF AUTLAN, APRIL 14-15,1949. COLOR OF LARVAE: QUITE BLACK ABOVE, GRAYISH BENEATH. BLACK AROUND ON SIDE TO VENTROLATERAL LINE. NO MARKINGS OR SPOTTINGS ENTIRELY, ALL UNICOLOR. [[strikeout]]?[[/strikeout]] THROAT AND CHIN BLUISH-GRAY. TAIL ENTIRELY BLACK, WITH WIDE FIN ALL ABOUT. LIMBS BLACK COLOR OF ADULT: GROUND COLOR CINNAMON BROWN, FADING ON SIDES TO BROWNISH GRAY. BACK AND SIDES WITH ORANGE OR YELLOW SPOTS, IRREGULARLY ARRANGED. IN YOUNG ADULTS THE SPOTS ARE DISCRETE, IN OLD ADULTS. THE COLOR IS QUITE OFTEN SUFFUSED THRU THE GROUND COLOR, AND THE SPOTS ARE JUST CONCENTRATIONS OF COLOR. THE LIMBS ARE BLUISH-GRAY AT THE EXTREMITIES, GROUND COLOR AT THE INSERTION. THE TAIL IS BROWN WITH SPOTTING AS IN THE BODY. THE BELLY IS GRAY WITH MINUTE, SCATTERED YELLOW FLECKS THE SNOUT IS QUITE A BIT LIGHTER BROWN, BACK TO THE EYE LEVEL. YELLOW SPOTS ARE PRESENT ON THE HEAD UP TO THE EYES. (FROM BEHIND). THE LIMBS ARE WEAK AND SLENDER, AND ARE NOT USED IN SWIMMING AT ALL. ALL SWIMMING IS DONE BY SINUOUS MOVEMENTS OF THE BODY AND TAIL. THEY ALMOST INVARIABLY SWIM UPWARDS WHEN FRIGHTENED, AT ABOUT A 30[[degree]] ANGLE, AND RETURN TO THE BOTTOM BY STIFFENING THE BODY + TAIL AND SPREADING THE LEGS WIDE, ALLOWING THEMSELVES TO SETTLE. THEY LIE ON THE BOTTOM OF A STILL POOL IN THE RAPIDLY FLOWING STREAM, WITH THE
GILLS WIDESPREAD, AND THE LIMBS OUTSTRETCHED . SLOW MOVEMENTS ON THE BOTTOM ARE DONE BY WALKING, RAPID MOVEMENTS BY THE TAIL. THEY SHOW A DEFINITE TENDENCY TO LIE ON THE BOTTOM IN THE SUN DURING THE DAY. MANY MORE ARE VISIBLE AT NIGHT, HOWEVER, AND MY BIGGEST CATCHES WERE AT NIGHT. THE WATER FLOWS OVER MANY FALLS, ONE AFTER THE OTHER, DESCENDING RAPIDLY. OCCASIONALLY THE STREAM DISAPPEARS COMPLETELY, FLOWING UNDERGROUND. THE SALAMANDERS HAVE SUCCESSFULLY INVADED ALL PARTS OF IT, HOWEVER. IT'S NIGHTTIME TEMP (9:00PM., APRIL 14, 1949) WAS 51[[degree]]F. THE DAY TEMP. IS NOT MUCH HIGHER. I ALMOST FROZE WADING AFTER THEM. THEY PREFER DEEP POOLS TO SHALLOW ONES, QUIET POOLS TO FAST FLOWING ONES, AND ROCKY AND SANDY POOLS TO THOSE WITH LEAVES AND MUCK, EXCEPT IN THE YOUNG, IN THE LAST INSTANCE. ALL OF THE VERY YOUNG WERE TAKEN IN MUDDY ROOTS WITH LEAF COVERED BOTTOMS THE YOUNG ARE ALSO FOUND IN THE LARGER POOLS, I FIND. THEY ARE MUCH HARDER TO SPOT THERE THAN ARE THE ADULTS, HOWEVER
AMBYSTOMA MAY 13, 1949-KM. 53, PATZCUARO-TACAMBARO HGWY. THIS SERIES OF TRANSFORMED ADULTS CONSISTS OF [[ blank space]] INDIVIDUALS OF ONE TYPE AND 1 INDIVIDUAL OF A SECOND TYPE. THEY WERE COLLECTED UNDER LOGS, ALL BUT ONE IN A LARGE SLOPING CLEARED FIELD (AT K. 53 AND BEYOND) WHICH SLOPES INTO A SMALL, DRYING LAKE. THE WHOLE AREA WAS QUITE DAMP. THE EXCEPTION CAME FROM A LOG FARTHER UP THE HGWY TO THE LEFT, (TWO TACAM.) AT K. 54. THE HILLS THERE SLOPE INTO A GOOD SIZED VALLEY, WHICH IS QUITE DAMP, ALSO. THERE IS MUCH TREE AND BUSH COVER THERE, WHICH IS TOTALLY LACKING AT THE 2[[underlined supercript]]ND[[/underlined superscript]] PLACE. THE FIRST TYPE IS QUITE BLACK DORSALLY, THE DORSUM OF HEAD AND BODY ARE UNICOLOR BLACK. THERE IS NO COLOR ON THE SIDES, WHICH ARE ALSO [[left margin]] UMMZ [[underline]] 102143 [[/underline]][[/left margin]] BLACK. VENTROLATERALLY IS AN IRREGULAR ROW OF LIGHT CREAM-YELLOW SPOTS STARTS AT THE HEAD AND RUNS TO THE HIND LEGS. THERE IS ALSO LIGHTER STIPPLING IN THIS AREA. THE BELLY IS LIGHTER, BUT ALSO UNICOLOR. 2 LARGER SPECIMENS HAVE COLOR MUCH HIGHER ON THE SIDES - SPOTTING & STIPPLING WITH CREAM YELLOW. ALL HAVE YELLOW SPOTTING ON THE CHIN, THE LARGER ONES MORE THAN THE OTHERS. THE SECOND TYPE, OF WHICH I TOOK ONLY ONE, HAS A MUCH LIGHTER DORSUM, A GREENISH-BROWN GROUND [[left margin]] UMMZ [[underline]] 102144 [[/underline]][[/left margin]] COLOR, WITH BLACK SPOTS SCATTERED ALONG THE VERTEBRAL LINE AND DORSOLATERALLY. THIS COLOR GOES ONLY HALFWAY DOWN THE SIDES, WHERE THE MUCH LIGHTER OLIVE GREEN OF THE BELLY BEGINS. THERE ARE ALSO BLACK SPOTS ON THE SIDES - SMALL. THE BELLY IS YELLOWISH-GREEN, AND THE COLOR EXTENDS TO CHIN. THE TAIL & LIMBS ARE COLORED AS THE BODY.
AMBYSTOMA [[strikeout]]AMB[[/strikeout]]YCEPHALUM AUG. 19, 1950- 15 KM. W. [[smudge]] MORELIA, MICHOACAN. # 1339-1354, 1385. TOPOTYPES: TED MILLER & I DROVE OUT TO TAYLOR'S TYPE LOCALITY AT 6:30 AM TODAY, AND SEINED IN POOLS IN A FIELD NEAR TAZICUARO, A SMALL TOWN JUST SOUTH OF THE HGHY AT KM. 333, WHICH IS THE 15 [[underlined supercript]] TH [[/underlined superscript]] KM. W. OF MORELIA. THERE ARE A NUMBER OF SMALL POOLS JUST NORTH OF THE TOWN IN A FIELD WHICH IS FULL OF WELL HOLES, & PROVIDESS THE CITY H2O SUPPLY. THERE IS FAIRLY PERMANENT H2O IN SOME OF THESE POOLS, & THE 1 [[underlined supercript]] ST [[/underlined superscript]] SPECIMENS TAKEN CAME FROM THEM THE LARGEST PATCH OF SPECIMENS, AS WELL AS THE ONE ADULT, WERE TAKEN IN SIMILAR PONDS STILL FARTHER N OF TAZICUARO, NEARER THE HGHY. COLOR DESC. OF LARGEST NEOTENIC INDIVIDUALS: HEAD DULL GREYISH, SHADING INTO A VERY LIGHT GREEN ON TOP OF HEAD JUST ANT. TO GILLS, [[strikeout]]EYE[[/strikeout]] PUPIL BLACK WITH GOLDEN IRIS DORSAL FIN TRANSPARENT ANT., WITH FAINT GOLD TINGE, ^[[BROWN]] BLACK INVADES THE FIN AT ABOUT HIND LEG LEVEL, MOST ABUNDANT AT TOP. FIN HEAVILY STIPPLED & SPOTTED WITH GOLDEN BACK OF HIND LIMB LEVEL. DIRTY GREEN DORSALLY BELOW FIN AND TO LONG ROW OF LIGHT GOLD SPOTS WHICH IS CONTINUOUS FROM GILLS TO HIND LEGS. INDISTINCT ROWS OF GOLD SPOTS BETWEEN D.L.ROW + DORS. FIN. SIDES BELOW D.L. ROW DIRTY BLACKISH GREY, TO LINE OF CREAM SPOTS FROM AXILLA TO GROIN. BELLY CREAM TO FLESHY. TOP EDGE OF GILLS GOLDEN MOTTLED WITH BROWN. THIS INDIVIDUAL WAS FROM A DEAD, VERY SILTY CLAY POOL, NO VEGETATION INDIV. FROM A SECOND POOL WITH VEGETATION & CLEARER H2O ARE DARKER GREEN, WITH MORE GREEN PRESENT, AND MUCH MORE BLACK IN THE FIN & IN MOTTLING ON BACK. THE DORSOLATERAL LINE IS NOT AS DISTINCT, THE AK-GROIN LINE STRONGER & MORE YELLOW.
AMBYSTOMA AMBYCEPHALUM AUG. 19, 1950(CONT.) THE JUVENILES ALL TEND TO BE VERY LIGHT. ADULT: BROWNISH-BLACK DORSALLY, WITH SCATTERED, LACHENIGEROUS,[[strikeout]] GRE [[/strikeout]] GOLDISH-GREEN SPOTS DORSALLY AND LATERALLY. THESE SPOTS FORM NO PATTERN OR LINES. EYE ALMOST TOTALLY BLACK, THIN GOLDEN RIM. EDGE OF UPPER LIP, LOWERLIP, JAW ANGLE AND FORE SHOULDER ALL YELLOW. A BROAD, IRREGULAR, ^[[DIRTY]] YELLOW LINE FROM AXILLA TO GROIN. BELLY REDDISH FLESH BROWN WITH DULL YELLOW SPOTS. TAIL SAM COLOR AS BACK, WITH LARGER YELLOWISH SPOTS. TAIL SAME COLOR AS BACK, WITH LARGER YELLOWISH SPOTS. GREENISH COLOR PREDOMINANT ON LIMBS, SPOTTED WITH BROWN. MANY OF THE JUVENILES HAVE 3 FAIRLY DISTINCT ROWS OF YELLOW SPOTS ON THE SIDES.
AMDYSTOMA [[strikeout]]?[[/strikeout]] GRANULOSUM AUG. 19, 1950- KM. 74, MEX.-GUAD. HGHY., W OF [[SMUDGE]] TOLULA, MICH. TYPELOCALITY-TOPOTYPES. 1327-1338. STORER & I SEINED OUT A SERIES IN A ROADSIDE POOL ABOUT 20' LONG + 15 WIDE, WHICH WAS IN A DITCH THAT WAS RUNNING BY TREMENDOUS AMT. OF H2O, AFTER THE AFTERNOON RAINS. WE GOT NO SALLYS IN FAST FLOWING WATER, THEY WERE ALL ALONG THE EDGES OF THE POOL. THE BANKS OF THE POOL WERE QUITE STEEP, AND THE POOL SEEMED ABOVE 4 - 5' DEEP. ALL SPECIMENS TAKEN WERE NEOTENIC. ADULT NEOTENE: QUITE DARK OLIVE GREEN DORSALLY, STIPPLED WITH MINUTE BLACK SPOTS AND A FEW LARGER BLACK SPOTS. SAME ON HEAD. GREEN LIGHTS ON SIDES TO ALMOST GRAYISH, AND A DULL YELLOW [[?]] RUNS FROM AXILLA TO GROIN. TAIL FIN DARK REDDISH-BROWN WITH DULL GOLDFLECKS + [[SPROTENES?]]. TAIL BROWNISH WITH GOLD FLECKING ALSO. SLIGHT YELLOWISH FLECKING VENTRALLY. TOP EDGE OF GILLS DARK GREEN WITH SLIGHT GOLDEN MOTTLING PUPIL BLACK WITH GOLDEN IRIS. A SLIGHTLY YOUNGER, SMALLER INDIVIDUAL STILL RETAINS A ROW OF SMALL, DISTINCT YELLOW SPOTS DORSOLATERALLY, AND ANOTHER FROM AX. TO GROIN. ( THIS IS DOUBLE TAILED INDIV.) THE YOUNGEST INDIVIDUAL HAS 3 QUITE DISTINCT ROWS OF YELLOW SPOTS ON SIDES.
PELAMIS PLATURUS APRIL 17, 1949. TAKEN IN OCEAN AT BARRA NAVIDAD. (MELAQUE) TOTAL LENGTH 715 mm. [[female symbol]] BODY LENGTH 638mm TAIL LENGTH [[strikeout]]638[[/strikeout]]72mm. LIGHT YELLOW LINE MIDVENTRALLY, 2 SCALES WIDE OLIVE BROWN LINE 13 SCALES WIDE ON BOTH SIDES OF THE BELLY. BORDERED BY A YELLOW LINE ON BOTH SIDES 5 SCALES WIDE. THE BACK IS INKY BLACK [[strikeout]]ON[[/strikeout]]FROM ONE YELLOW LINE TO THE OTHER, AND IS 18 SCALES WIDE. SCALE ROWS 48-58-47. THE BLACK STRIPE STARTS INDENTATION ABOUT 2 INCHES BEFORE THE ANUS, THE YELLOW INVADING IT. ON THE TAIL THE YELLOW GOES CLEAR TO THE MIDLINE. THE OLIVE LINE DROPS OUT AT THE ANUS. [[sketch of tail with caption TAIL COLOR. Spots labeled BLACK, body color labeled YELLOW labelled and circle nearest body labeled ANUS]] HEAD SCALATION: ROSTRAL NARROW, SCARCELY VISIBLE FROM ABOVE, 2 "NASALS" (IN INTERNASAL POSITION, NOSTRILS ON TOP OF HEAD, NASALS IN CONTACT), 2 PREFRONTALS, FRONTAL, 1 SUPRAOCULAR, 2 PARIETALS, 7 UPPER LABIALS ON LEFT. 2 [[underlined superscript]] ND [[/underlined superscript]] VERY LARGE, TOUCHING NASAL, PREFRONTAL AND PRE-OCULAR. 7 ON RIGHT. 1 PREOCULAR, NO [[LORGAL?]]. SUBOCULARS 3-3, POSTOCULARS 2-2. A SMALL SCALE WEDGED BETWEEN LABIALS, POSTOC., AND ANT. TEMPORAL. ANT. TEMP. 1-1, POST: TEMPORALS 4-4, IN RING ABOUT ANT. TEMP. LOWER LABIALS 12-11, NO PAIRED MOREALS.
M TOLUCA LINEATA LINEATA KENNICOTT [[checkmark]] IN BAIRD, REF. U.S.+MEX. BORD. SURV., 2, 1859, p. 23, pl. 21. T.L: VALLEY OF MEXICO [[taped in drawing of snakes head]] TAYLOR + SMITH, U. KANS. SCI. BULL., 28, 1942, p. 344, FIG. 6. P. 345- MICHOACAN-NAHUATZIN, LAKE POTZCUARO, CARAPA, BTWEEN ZACAPO AND ZAMORA.
M TRIMORPHODON FASCIOLATA SMITH PROC. USNM, 91,1941, p. 160. T.L.: ZARA-RACUA FALLS, URUAPAN, MICHOACAN. " KNOWN ONLY FROM T.L. + APATZINGAN, MICH. SCHMIDT + SHANNON, FIELDIANA, 1947, p. 83. 2 SPEC., INTERMEDIATE BTWN FASCIALATA + LATIFASCIA. DENTAL BANDS DO NOT NARROW VENTRALLY AS IN LATIFASCIA NOR ARE THEY AS BROAD AS FASCIOLATA. MORE SPECIMENS MAY DEPROVE VALIDITY OF FASCIOLATA. RECOG. CHAR.: TRANSVERSE NUCHAL COLLAR; DORSAL BLOTCHES 15 OR MORE SCALES WIDE, LITTLE NARROWER LATERALLY THAN DORSALLY, BROADER ON BELLY THAN INTERSPACES
J? TRIMORPHODON PAUCIMACULATUS TAYLOR U.KANS. SCI. BULL., 24, 1936(1938), p. 527, pl 46. T.L: MAZATLAN, SINALOA. " RECORDS OF BISCUTATHS FROM GUADALAJARA - MAY BE REFERABLE TO PAUCIMACULARIS" RECOG. CHAR.: V-SHAPED MARK ON NECK; BLOTCHES ^[[MORE THAN]] TWICE AS LONG AS INTERSPACES, NO EVIDENCE MIDDORSALLY OF SECONDARY BANDS AND BLOTCHES.
J? M TRIMORPHODON TAU COPE PROC. AMER.CHILO. SOC., 11, 1869, p. 151. T.L.: QUIOTEPEC, OAXACA (ORIG. TEAVANTEACR, BY ERROR) "POSSIBLY JALISCO (MUGUARD, BULL.SOC. CHILOM., 9(1), 1899, p. 150)" RECOG. CHAR.: DORSAL BLOTCHES COVER LESS THAN 13 SCALES; NO Y SHAPED MARK ON PARIETALS, NARROW OR BROAD LIGHT INDENTATION ALONG PARIETAL SUTURE, TRANSVERSE NUCHAL COLLAR. TAYLOR, U.KANS. SCI BULL., 26(14), 1940,p. 475, FIG. 8 [[taped picture of snakes head side view and top view]]
[[inverted]] Ameiva Edracantha Bocourt [[/inverted]]
M? TROPIDODIPSAS GUERREROENSIS TAYLOR U.KANS.SCI.BULL., 26, 1939(1840), p. 470, [[strikeout]]?[[/strikeout]] pL. 50. T.L.: NEAR BUENAVISTA, GUERRERO. " A RECORD FROM "URUACAN?" (DUGES, LA NAT., 2(2) 1896, p. 480) MAY BE REFERABLE TO THIS SPECIES." TAYLOR, U.KANS.SCI.BULL, 26(14), 1940, p. 470, FIG. 7. [[taped picture of a pencil drawing of a snake top view and side view]]
[[inverted]] AMEIVA BRIDGESII COPE T.L: NOT MENTIONED (ECUADOR?) MAY BE SYNONYM OF SEPTEMLINEATA. RECORD [[/inverted]]
M LOXOCEMUS SUMICHRASTI BOCOURT [[checkmark]] JOURN. ZOO. 5, 1876, p. 844. T.L.: TEHUANTEPEC. MICH: APATZINGAN (S.+S.) [[pencil drawing of snakes head taped in: side, top and bottom view]] TAYLOR, U. KAN. SCI. BULL, 26, 1940, p. , FIG [[up arrow]]
M PITUOPHIS DEPPEI BREVILINEATA SCHMIDT AND SHANNON FIELDIANA, 31(9), 1947,p. 79. T.L.: TANCÍTARO, MICHOACAN, 6000 FT. RECOG. CHAR.: A [[underline]] DEPPEI [[/underline]] WITH BLACK LINES ON THE NECK AS IN [[underline]] LINEATICOLLIS [[/underline]], LOWER NUMBER OF VENTRALS THAN IN [[underline]] LINEATICOLLIS [[/underline]]. VENTS. 233-241,"SHORT LONGITUDINAL NUCHAL AND POST-NUCHAL BLACK LINES"
M MICRURUS FITZINGERI FITZINGERI JAN REV. MAG. ZOO., 1858, p.521, pl.1. T.L.: MEXICO UMMZ SPEC.: NO TRIADS, JUST RED AND BLACK RINGS. SOME WHITE ON EDGES OF BLACK. SOME BLACK SPOTTING ON THE RED BARS.
M EUMECES ALTAMIRANI DUGÈS LA NAT., (2) 1, 1891, p 485, FIG. pl. 12. T.L.: " REGIONES CALIDAS DEL ESSADO DE MICHOACAN." RECOG. CHAR.: MEDIAN DORSAL SCALE NOW GREATLY WIDENED, ONLY SINGLE ROW THUS WIDENED, 2 STRIPES ON EDGES OF WIDENED ROW, SEVERAL OTHER STRIPES ALSO. NO DORSOLATERAL OR LATERAL LIGHT LINES. 19 SCALES ROWS.
J M EUMECES BREVIROSTRIS GUNTHER [[checkmark]] PZ.S, 1860, p. 316. T.L.: OAXACA, MEXICO RECOG. CHAR.: DORSOLATERAL + LATERAL LIGHT LINES PRESENT ON HEAD AND NECK. LATERAL LINE EXTENDS ONLY TO FORELEG, DORSOLATERAL GOES ONTO BACK BUT DISAPPEARS GRADUALLY, EXTENDS NO FARTHER THAN MIDDLE OF BACK.
M EUMECES COPEI TAYLOR [[checkmark]] PROC. BIOL. SOC. WASH., 46,1933,p. 133. T.L.: 10 MI. SE OF ASUNCIÓN, MEXICO, MEX. MICH.: MT. TANCITARO (S.+S.) RECOG. CHAR.: NO MEDIAN LIGHT LINE ON HEAD OR BACK; DORSOLATERAL LIGHT LINE AND LATERAL LIGHT LINE, BOTH EXTENDING TO HIND LEG AND BEYOND. 3 DISTINCT OR INDISTINCT BROWN LINES ON AN OLIVE BACKGROUND DORSALLY.
M EUMECES DUGESII THOMINOT BULL.SOC. PHILO. DE PARIS, (7),7, 1883,p. 138. T.L.: PROV. GUANATUATO. MICH.: TANCITARO (S.+S) TAYLOR, U.KANS.SCI.BULL., 23, 1935, p. 474, FIG. 79. ---> [[ sketch of lizard head side and top view ]] RECOG. CHAR.: 3 SUPRA [[strikeout]] ? [[/strikeout]] OCULARS; NO MEDIAN LINE OR BIFURCATING LINES ON MIDDLE OF HEAD; 2 PLS. OF NUCHALS. IN [[underline]] BREVIROSTRIS [[/underline]] GROUP, CLOSELY RESEMBLES [[underline]] BREVIROSTRIS [[/underline]].
J? SCELOPORUS FORMOSUS FORMOSUS WIEGMANN HERP.MEX., 1834, p. 50 pl. 7. T.L.: MEXICO. SMITH, 1939, p. 41. " GADEW (1905) RECORDS THE SPECIES FROM NEVADO DE COLIMA, JALISCO...... I DOUBT THESE RECORDS."
J M BUFO COMPACTILIS WIEGMANN [[checkmark]] ISIS VON OKEN, 26, 1833, p. 661. T.L.: MEXICO RECOG. CHARA.: [[strikeout]]typha[[/strikeout]] TYMPANUM DISTINCT, POORLY DEVELOPED OR NO CRANIAL CRESTS, PARATOID ALMOST TOUCHES THE EYE LID (.SEP.BY A LOW CREST). LARGE, BLACK, HORNY, SHOVEL-LIKE METATARSAL TUBERCLE.
M BUFO MONKSIME COPE [[checkmark]] PROC. AMER. PHILO.SOC., 18, 1879, p. 262 T.L.: GUADALAJARA, MEXICO. SCHMIDT & SHANNON, FIELDIANA, 91, 1947, p. 66. TANCÍTARO, MICH. SUPRACILIARY CRESTS CONVERGE ANTERIORLY, DIMIN. PARIETAL CRESTS CONVERGE POST., PARATOIDS WELL DEV., BEANSHAPED, SKIN STRONGLY TURGACULATE, TYMPANUM INDISTINCT OR INVISIBLE. PARATOID IN CONTACT WITH EYELID.
HYLA SMARAGDINA TAYLOR COPEIA, 1940,p. 18,FIG.1. T.L: MTS. AT E. END OF LAKE CHAPALA, 6 KM. E. OF CAJUMATLAN, MICH. [[drawings of frogs]] TAYLOR, CODEIA, 1940, p. 19. [[up arrow]] RECOG. CHAR.: AXILLARY FOLD DISTINCT, SMALL; MORE OR LESS DISTINCT SKINFOLD ALONG-SIDES OF BODY, 2 MUCH-ENLARGED, FLATTENED CREAM TUBERCLES BELOW ANUS, A CREAM LINE ABOVE ANUS., DARK GREEN ABOVE, YELLOWISH OR FLESH WHITE BELOW.
M GEOPHIS MACULIFERUS TAYLOR U.KANS.SCI.BULL., 27,1942,p. 119, FIG. T.L.: NEAR CICIO, MICH. TAYLOR, U.K.SCI.BULL., 27, 1941 (1942), p. 120, FIG. 1 X5 [[drawing of snake head top view, side view]] RECOG. CHAR.: (TAYLOR'S DIAGNOSIS)- A LARGE ANTERIOR TEMPORAL, 6 UPPER LABIALS, LAST LARGEST; FRONTAL 1/3 WIDER THAN LONG; ROSTRAL NARROWLY VISIBLE FROM ABOVE; SUPRAOCULARS RELATIVELY LARGE; LABIALS, INTERNASALS, AND VENTRAL SURFACES CREAMY OR YELLOWISH WHITE.
M GEOPHIS PETERSII BOULENGER CAT. SNAKES, 2, 1894,p.321, pl.16. T.L.: "MEXICO CITY" "RECORDED ONLY FROM PÁTZCUARO" TAYLOR, U. KANS. SCI.BULL, 27, 1942, p. 921, FIG.2. (X4) [[taped picture of snakes head drawings on right side of page, top view and side view]]
J M PSEUDOEURYCEA BELLII (GRAY) [[checkmark]] CAT. BATR. GRAD., 1850, p. 46. T.L.: MEXICO. MICHOACAN- TANCITARO (S.+S.), PATZCUARO (MMS. 1939) MARCH 22, 1949. CERRO SAN ANDRES, CIRCA 11 MI. WNW OF CIUDAD [[^MICHOACAN]] HIDALGO. I FOUND 2 OF THESE HERE, BOTH UNDER LOGS IN QUITE DRY PLACES. WATER WAS NOT FAR FROM EITHER, BUT THE LOGS WERE STILL QUITE DRY. APPARENTLY THIS SALAMANDER HAS A CAVDIVAGANT MECHANISM, FOR THERE IS A STRONG BASAL CONSTRICTION ON THE TAIL. MARCH 28, 1949- NEVADO DE COLIMA, JALISCO. THIS IS THE ONLY SALAMANDER REPRESENTED AT THIS LOCALITY. I'VE CAUGHT SEVERAL UNDER VERY VERY DRY LOGS, AND THE INDIANS HAVE BROUGHT IN SEVERAL. THEY CONSIDER IT DEADLY POISON, AND TREAT IT WITH A GREAT DEAL OF FEAR AND RESPECT. THEY CALL IT "AXOLOTL".