Quiscalus quiscula, 2 letters : F.W. Langdora to Ridgway, 1 Dec. 1884 ; Wm. C. Avery to Ridgway, 11 June 1890

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The folder contains 2 letters to Robert Ridgway pertaining to genus Quiscalus. In the letter from Wm. C. Avery to Ridgway, dated June 11, 1890, sent from Greensboro, Alabama, Avery describes the location and conditions under which multiple specimens of Grackle were collected at his home. The letter also describes the behavior and development of the young birds that were subsequently kept as pets once the parents were killed. Avery also describes other Grackles observed in his region at various times of year. In the letter from F. W. Langdon to Ridgway, dated December 1, 1884, sent from Cincinnati, Ohio, Langdon confirms the collection of specimens of Quiscalus but indicates that the skins were not preserved.

Date Range


Start Date

Dec 01, 1884

End Date

Jun 11, 1890

Access Information

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  • Animals
  • Birds
  • Ornithology


  • Greensboro
  • United States
  • Alabama


  • Fieldbook record
  • Field notes
  • Correspondence

Accession #

SIA RU007215

Collection name

Collected Notes, Lists, and Catalogs on Birds, 1839, 1849-1851, 1855-1987

Physical Description

1 folder

Physical Location

Smithsonian Institution Archives


Box 9 Folder 9