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ID: SIA RU007181

Creator: True, Frederick William, 1858-1914

Form/Genre: Fieldbook record

Date: 1904-1908

Citation: Frederick William True Papers, circa 1886-1910

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Correspondence, notes, report, document the collecting and study of cetacean specimens, mostly for areas in Maryland. The material in this collection division is arranged alphabetically by either correspondent or scientific name of specimen. There appears to be no specific rule which determines where a particular item is filed, and correspondence with individuals is often filed by scientific name. This collection division includes material on the collection and description of specimens, professional correspondence on fossil whales, and information on collecting localities. Includes report on fossils found in Miocene formation in Maryland; Patagonian beds; and tidal data for Baltimore and Chesapeake Beach, Maryland for 1905.

Date Range


Start Date

Jul 01, 1904

End Date

Oct 21, 1908

Access Information

Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu.


  • Miocene
  • Paleontology
  • Cetaceans


  • United States
  • Chesapeake Beach
  • Maryland


  • Fieldbook record
  • Field notes
  • Correspondence

Accession #

SIA RU007181

Collection name

Frederick William True Papers, circa 1886-1910

Physical Description

1 field book

Physical Location

Smithsonian Institution Archives


Box 2 Folder 10

[[preprinted]] SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION. UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM [[line]] [[/preprinted]] Dear True The neat line of the plates for the Coos Bay Miocene will average 9 x 6 1/2 inches, at a pinch 9 1/2 inches may be used. Will you try the Williams process for the skull? W.H. Dall
4.5 7:4.5 7.5:4.5::7.75: 4.5 [[line]] 3875 3100 7.5 [[division symbol]] 3487 [[superscript]] 5 [[/superscript]] ( 4.65 300 [[line]] 487 450 [[line]] 370 6 1/2 = 6 3/6 4 2/3 = 4 4/6 [[line]] [[line]] 1 5/6 1/2 5/12
[[preprinted]] [[image - Postcard Seal with "United States of America" printed around the seal]] [[post mark]] Washington DC Oct 8 530 AM 1908 [[/post mark]] [[post mark]] New York N.Y. STA. W Oct 7 6 - PM 1908 [[/post mark]] [[image - Portrait of President McKinley with text Postage One Cent 1843-McKinley-1901.]] THIS SPACE ABOVE IS RESERVED FOR POSTMARK. POSTAL CARD. THE SPACE BELOW IS FOR THE ADDRESS ONLY. [[/preprinted]] Dr. Frederick W. True Smithsonian Institution Washington D.C.
American Musuem of Natural History New York, ^[[October 7, 1908]] Please accept my hearty thanks for ^[[The Fossil Cetacean, Dorudon serratus Gibbes]] just received, ^[[Henry F. Osborn R]]
[[vertically in left margin]] { x Diagnosis of a new genus and species of a fossil sea-lion from the Miocene of Oregon. < Smithson. Miscell. Colls., Quart. Issue, 48, pt. 1, no. 1577, pp. 47 - 49. May 13, 1905. [[/vertically in left margin]] A further account of fossil Sea-lion, [[underlined]] Pontoleon magnus [[/underlined]], from the Miocene of Oregon. By Frederick W. True Head Curator, Department of Biology, US National Museum In the [[underlined] Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections (Quarterly Issue [[/underlined]]), [[overwritten]] for [[/over written]] No. [[strikethrough]] 1577 [[/strikethrough]], - , I published a diagnosis of a new genus and species of fossil sea-lion, based on a skull from Oregon. [[superscript]] x [[/superscript]] As this article is brief and contains a summary of the circumstances under which the skull was found, as well as measurements, it is repeated here in full.
[[underlined]] Fossil Otariidae [[/underlined]] (Louis Trouessart's Cat., Suppl., 1904) [[underlined]] Otaria jubata (foss.) [[/underlined]] Amegh. Pleist. Argent. < Mam. foss. Argent., 1889, 342 [[underlined]] Zalophus williamsi [[/underlined]] MacCoy - Plio. Vict., Austral. Prov. Palaeont. Victoria, Dec. 5, 1879. pls. 41 & 44; Allen, Pinniped, 1880, 770 [[underlined]] Arctocephalus fischeri [[/underlined]] Gerv. & Amegh. Olig.? Panama, La Plata Mam. foss. Amer. Meriv. 1880, p. 223; Amegh., Mam. foss. Argent., 1889, 342 [[underlined]] (Arctophoca) [[/underlined]] [[left margin bracket]] [[underlined]] Arctocephalus forsteri (foss.) [[/underlined]] [[strikethrough]] Lesson [[/strikethrough]] [[insertion]] ^ Peron [[/insertion]], Pleist. N.Z. Voyag. Terres Australes, 1816, 2, 37 - [[insertion]] Nothing in this place. Did Peron go to New Zealand at all? [[/insertion]] [[/left margin bracket]] [[line]]
1 [[boxed]] Trouissart - 1897 [[boxed]] [[double underline]] Fossil Pinnipeds [[/double underline]] s.e. X [[strikethrough]] Gervais & Ameghino } Mamm. fossil. Amer. Merid. 1880, [[/strikethrough]] 223 [[circled dot]] [[strikethrough]] Actas Acad Rep. Argent [[/strikethrough]] 1889 x [[strikethrough]] Ameghino [[circled dot]] Mam foss. Rep Argent, 1889 [[/strikethrough]], 342 x Lesson { Not in s. e. Voyage aux Terres Australis, 2, 1816, p. 37 [[strikethrough]] Gratiolet [[/strikethrough]] x [[strikethrough]] Bull. Soc. Geol 15, 1858, 624 626]], vl. 5 [[insertion]] (2) Al France 620 [[/insertion]] [[/strikethrough]] x Gervais [[checkmark]] [[insertion]] 508.73 [[/insertion]] Zool. & Pal. Generale, 1, 1867-69. 87 x DeKay. Nat. Hist of N.Y., 1, 1842, 56, pt. 19 [[strikethrough]] Lankester. x < Quart. [[insertion]] S. Geol [[/insertion]] Journ. Geol. Soc., 21, 1865, 226. pls [[/strikethrough]] [[strikethrough]] " [[Ditto for Lankester]] < Trans. Linn. Soc. London, 2, 1882 213 [[checkmark]] { 10-11 [[/strikethrough]] [[strikethrough]] Da Bus. < Bull. Acad Belg., 24, 1867, 566 [[checkmark]] [[/strikethrough]] [[strikethrough]] Gervais x < Journ. Zool., 3, 53, pl. 11. [[/strikethrough]] Van Beneden Oss. fossil. Anvers, 1874, {46, pls. 6-8 50, pls. 1-6 56 pl. 9 [[insertion]] Ann Mus. Nat Hist., 1 [[/insertion]] " [[Ditto for Van Beneden]] [[strikethrough]] x < Bull. Acad. Belg., 32, 1871, 5 [[/strikethrough]] " [[Ditto for Van Beneden]] < [[underline] do. [[/underline]] [[Ditto for: Bull. Acad. Belg.]], 41, 1876, 783 Delfortre. x [[strikethrough]] < Act. Soc. Linn. Bordeaux. [[/strikethrough]] [[insertion]] (29) p. 113; 257 [[/insertion]] [[strikethrough]] 187[[overwritten]]2 [[/overwritten]] 3 s.e. Gervais. [[strikethrough]] < Mem. Acad. Sci. Montpellier, 2, 1852, [[overwritten]] 2 [[/overwritten]] 308, [[/strikethrough]] " [[Ditto for Gervais]] [[strikethrough]] < Ann. Sci. Nat., 20, 1853, 282, pl. 13 [[checkmark]] { [[/strikethrough]] pl. 6 fig 4 [[checkmark]] " [[Ditto for Gervais]] [[strikethrough]] Zool. & Pal. Française, 2d ed. 1859, 272, pl.82 fig 4 [[checkmark]] [[/strikethrough]] Van Beneden x < Bull. Acad. Belg. [[underline]] 41, [[/underline]] 1876, 800, 799, 802 { pl. 20, figs 5-6 " [[Ditto for Van Beneden]] s.e. Oss. foss. Anvers, 1877, 75, pl. 16; [[insertion]] p. 65, pl. 11 [[/insertion]] 76, pl. 16; 77, pl. 17; 69. pl. 13: 78, pl. 18; 80 pl. 18, 72, pl. 15 70. pl 14 [[line]] 507. 93 x = Ann. Mus. Nat. Hist. Belg. 1. 1877 x [[strikethrough]] Nordmann Paleont. Sud-Russland, 1858 [[/strikethrough]] [[Lento?]] Adams x [[strikethrough]] < Quart. Journ. Geol. Soc., [[insertion]] S Geol. [[/insertion]] 35, 1879, 517, pl. 25, { figs 1-2 [[/strikethrough]] Leidy, J. < [[strikethrough]] Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., [[insertion]] ^ 1852 - 3 [[/insertion]] 6, 377 [[/strikethrough]] [[checkmark]] Van Beneden x < Bull. Acad. Belg., 8, 1859, 123; [[strikethrough]] 32, 1811, 5; [[/strikethrough]] 41, 1876, 799. Newton. x < Quart. Journ. Geol. Soc., [[insertion]] [[Sond?]] [[?]] Geol [[/insertion]] [[underline]] 49, [[/underline]] 1890, 446, pl. 18, fig. 3
DIAGNOSIS OF A NEW GENUS AND SPECIES OF FOSSIL SEA-LION FROM THE MIOCENE OF OREGON BY FREDERICK W. TRUE [[image - seal with world in the middle, and scepters? with ribbons on the side, and the words "for the increase and diffuision of knowledge among men per [[?]] Smithosnian Institution Washington 1846" around it]] Reprinted from SMITHSONIAN MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS (Quarterly Issue), Volume 48, Part I. No. 1577 City of Washington Published by the Smithsonian Institution May 13, 1905
[[image - lit torch]]
The relation of [[underline]] Pontoleon [[/underline]] to other groups of mammals, and especially to the [[underline]] Basilosauridae [[/underline]] is a matter of much interest. [[insertion]] ^ The relationships of [[/insertion]] [[underline]] Basilosaurus [[/underline]] ( = [[underline]] Zeuglodon [[/underline]] Owen ), as well-known, form the subject of much controversy, and opinons regarding it vary widely. While I agree with those who regard it as possessing [[insertion]] ^ in a [[/insertion]] conspicuous [[insertion]] ^ manner many [[/insertion]] characteristics of the [[underline]] Otariidae [[/underline]], I do not share the view expressed by Mr. F. A. Lucas and others that it has nothing of the cetacean about it, nor do I think that the characters which some (including myself) regard as cetacean, can be explained away on the ground that they are [[insertion]] ^ merely [[/insertion]] adaptations for aquatic life. The weak, erect condyle of the mandible, the enormous ramus mandibuli, and internal mandibular vacuity are characteristic of all Cetacea; the very large pterygoid sinus is also characteristic of the Cetacea, and especially of the [[underline]] Zipliinaē [[/underline]] , the modern representations of an old group of Cetacea; the scapula is not comparable with that of any mammalia except the cetacea; the exceedingly
thick vertebral ephiphyses are especially characteristic of such cetacean genera as [[underline]] Zahrachis [[/underline]] . These are some of the cetoid characters of [[strikethrough]] Zeugl [[/strikethrough]] [[underline]] Basilosaurus [[/underline]] which in my opinion cannot be ignored.
[[double underlined]] Pontolean [[/double underlined]] Will it be an 8° or 4° pub. ? See Cat fossil mam. Brit. Mus.
[[underline]] Description of the type-skull: [[/underline]] [[underline]] [[strikethrough]] General Considerations [[/strikethrough]] [[/underline]] [[underlined]] Inferior aspect [[/underlined]] the basis of the skull presents a broad, rather feebly, concave surface bounded anteriorly and posteriorly, respectively, and laterally by by the broad [[insertion]] ^ occipito [[/insertion]] mastoid processes. The concavity, is deepest in the median line and grows shallower gradually [[image: mark to show this should read "gradually shallower"]] to the mastoids. This even concavity is due in part to the almost complete obliteration of the tympanic bullae and basal foramina. [[insertion]] and to the absence of the transverse rugosities for the insertion of the [[underline]] rectus anticus [[/underline]] muscles, which were either [[strikethrough]] lattle [[/strikethrough]] little developed or have been obliterated. [[/insertion]] The median, longitudinal ridge [[strikethrough]] s [[/strikethrough]] adjoining the foramen magnum, which is [[strikethrough]] presente [[/strikethrough]] characteristic of all sea-lion skulls, is present, [[overwritten]] f [[/overwritten]] but feebly developed, [[strikethrough]] but while the [[strikethrough]] trans [[/strikethrough]] transverse ridges for the insertin of the [[underline]] rectus anticus [[/underline]] muscles are not visible. [[/strikethrough]] Anteriorly, the basal surface joins the roof of the posterior nares, which is rather deeply concave, and bounded by the thick [[strikethrough]] bio [[/strikethough]] pterygoid walls. [[insertion]] The nares are not floored over by a posterior extension of the bony palate, as in [[underlined]] Otaria [[/underline]], but are open far forward, as in [[underline]] Eumetopias [[/underline]] & [[underline]] Zalophus [[/underlined]] & other otarids. [[/insertion]] External to the [[strikethrough]] se [[/strikethrough]] [[insertion]] ^ pterygoid [[/insertion]] walls are the very broad glenoid fossae of the squamosal, which [[strikethrough]] are [[/strikethrough]] [[insertion]] resemble those of [[underline]] Eumetopias [[/underline]] but are [[/insertion]] somewhat directed backward.
2 [[underline]] Lateral aspect. [[/underline]] - The lateral aspect of the cranium is characterized by the deep concavity of outline between the occipital condyles and occipital crest, which only approximated in [[strikethrough]] by [[/strikethrough]] [[underline]] Callotaria [[/underline]] and adult male skulls of [[underline]] Eumetopias [[/underline]]. This concavity is due to the strong backward development of the occipital crest midway between the vertex and base, and to the retreating outline of the [[strikethrough]] occipital to [[/strikethrough]] supraoccipital undulating above [[insertion]] ^ the [[/insertion]] condyle. The appearance is perhaps partially due to distortion of the skull. The lateral walls of the cranium are as strongly convex as in [[underline]] Zalophus [[/underline]], and from the appearance of the surfaces at the vertex, it [[strikethrough]] would [[/strikethrough]] seems probable that a high sagittal crest was originally present as in [[insertion]] ^ adult [[insertion]] [[underline]] Zalophus [[/underline]], and [[underline]] Eumetopias [[/underline]]. The thick and strongly projecting free margin of the glenoid fossa, and the great anterio-posterior breadth of the [[strikethrough]] mes [[/strikethrough]] occipito-mastoid process are also [[insertion]] ^ especially [[/insertion]] striking characteristics of this aspect of the skull of [[underline]] Pontoleon. [[/underline]]
3 [[underline]] Superior aspect [[/underline]]. The upper surfaces of the skull of [[underline]] Pontoleon [[/underline]] are so much broken as to render its interpretation of the contours difficult, but [[strikethrough]] the [[/strikethrough]] it may be noted that the [[insertion]] ^ margin of [[/margin]] occipital crest is evenly [[strikethrough]] concave [[/strikethrough]] rounder as in [[underline]] Otaria [[/underline]], but as thick [[insertion]] ^ as, [[/insertion]] or thicker than, in adult male [[underline]] Eumetopias [[/underline]]. The zygomatic process appear to have been very thick at the base, leaving a proportionally narrower space between their inner face and the wall of the cranium than in other sea-lion skulls. [[strikethrough]] Description of individual bones. [[/strikethrough]] [[underline]] Occipital [[/underline]].- The supraoccipital is slightly convex immediately above its foramen magnum as in all sea-lion skulls, but [[strikethrough]] broadly [[/strikethrough]] evenly concave [[strikethrough]] higher [[/strikethrough]] over the general surface higher up, resembling the same same part in [[underline]] Eumetopias [[/underline]] (adult male) rather than in [[underline]] Zaluphus [[/underline]], [[underline]] Calltaria [[/underline]], etc., but without a clear indication of the strong median ridge found in the first-mentioned genus. The foramen magnum is round and the condylis without the sharp internal border found in other genera, but this is doubtless due to a wearing away of these edges in the fossil. The paroccipital processes are broader and more transverse than in the recent genera, [[strikethrough]] but [[/strikethrough]] though [[strikethrough]] resemble those of [[/strikethrough]] approximating to [[underline]] Eumetopias [[/underline]] in this respect.
4 they [[strikethrough]] processes [[/strikethrough]] have not, however, more than a slight indication of the prominent rounded ridge occupying [[strikethrough]] the distal and portion [[/strikethrough]] Their prosterior and distal surface in the genus, and in that respect more resemble those of [[underlined]] Otaria [[/underlined]]. It has already been remarked that the under surface of the base occipital [[strikethrough]] presents a [[/strikethrough]] of Ponlotea is broad & [[insertion]] ^ nearly [[/insertion]] flat, in contrast with that of existing genera [[strikethrough]] , [[/strikethrough]] due in part to the feeble development of [[state?]] median ridge immediately anterior to the foramen magnum, and in part to the obliteration of the foramen lacerum posterius. On the right side, the latter foramen can be traced, but is clogged by a piece of dense bone which must belong elsewhere. The upper surface of the basioccipital within the brain-case, on this side, has been filled with plaster, but on the left side the outlines of the foramen lacerum posterius are traceable. The [[insertion]] ^ median [[/insertion]] depression on the upper surface * is about [[line across page]] * Possibly a vascular recess, according to Murie [[line across page]] as deep as in [[underline]] Otaria [[/underline]]; more so than in [[underline]] Eumetopias [[/underline]] and much less than in [[underline]] Zalophus [[/underline]] and [[underline]] Callotaria Sphenoid [[/underline]]. The inferior surface of the [[insertion]] ^ body of the [[/insertion]] sphenoid is on the same general plane with the basioccipital. Depressions marking the positin of the
5 foramen lacerum medium are conspicuous a little posterior to the insertion of the pterygoids. On the upper surface of the basisphenoid [[strikethrough]] and presphenoid [[/strikethrough]], the sella turcica is marked by a depression less deep than in [[underline]] Eumetopias [[/underline]] and [[strikethrough]] about as in [[underline]] Otaria [[/underline]] and [[/strikethrough]] [[underline]] Zalophus [[/underline]]. [[strikethrough]] Anterior to [[/strikethrough]] This is bounded posteriorly by the [[strikethrough]] posterior [[/strikethrough]] clinoid plate, [[insertion]] ^ which is [[/insertion]] broadly triangular in outline and rounded in front where the posterior clinoid processes were given off. These processes are lacking in the skull, and the [[strikethrough]] se [[/strikethrough]] extent of their development cannot be determined. [[insertion]] ^ The lateral margins of the [[strikethrough]] posterior [[/strikethrough]] clinoid plate are emarginate as in [[strikethrough]] most [[/strikethrough]] existing genera, but convex, but this appearance may be in part due to the imperfection of these edges. [[/insertion]] More anteriorly is the elongated processus olivarius, and on each side [[strikethrough]] the [[/strikethrough]] [[insertion]] ^ very distinct [[/insertion]] grooves leading backward from the foramen lacerum anterius tortu foramina ovale, [[strikethrough]] foramen, [[/strikethrough]] lacerum medium & posterius. These are disposed in manner closely similar to the same parts in [[underline]] Eumetopias [[/underline]]. The foramen ovale is obliterated, but a rather deep depression marks its location on the left side. On the same side, a conspicuous depression indicates the position of the foramen, lacerum medium, [[strikethrough]] and [[/strikethrough]] immediately behind which is a triangular rough mass, which is obviously the anterior end of the petrous [[insertion]] ^ portion of the temporal [[/insertion]] similar in shape to the same bone in [[underline]] Eumetopias [[/underline]], but broader. This mass is followed posteriorly by a deep irregular cavity, [[strikethrough]] corresponding prob [[/strikethrough]] probably representing in part the foramen lacerum posterius and in part the vacuity left by the
6 [[strikethrough]] Carnegie Institution (of Washington) Expedition to China [[/strikethrough]] absence of the posterior part of the petrous portion of the temporal. Anteriorly, the sphenoid is broken off at the suture between [[strikethrough]] the [[/strikethrough]] presphenoid and orbitosphenoid, which remains open late in the Otariidae. [[underline]] Temporal [[/underline]]. The temporal is chiefly remarkable for the great antero-posterior [[strikethrough]] p [[/strikethrough]] breadth and strong [[/strikethrough]] ly distal [[/strikethrough]] distal development of the glenoid fossa. These [[strikethrough]] latter [[/strikethrough]] characteristics are not shared by existing genera of Otariidae, in all of which the fossa is narrowed distally, though least so in [[underline]] Otaria [[/underline]]. In spite of the large development of the glenoid fossa [[insertion]] ^ just [[/insertion]] mentioned, the zygomatic process is so thick at the root that the space between its ramus and the wall is the cranium is much less [[strikethrough]] that both [[/strikethrough]] relatively [[strikethrough]] than in and absolutely [[/strikethrough]] than in any [[insertion]] ^ of the [[/insertion]] existing Otariidae; [[strikethrough]] including [[/strikethrough]] [[insertion]] ^ and considerable less absolutely than in [[/insertion]] [[underline]] Eumetopias jubata [[/underline]], though adult skulls of that species are a fourth smaller than [[underline]] Pontoleon. [[/underline]] As the zygomatic processes are broken off, close to the root, nothing can be determined as to the original form of their [[strikethrough]] free [[/strikethrough]] [[insertion]] ^ distal [[/insertion]] ends. The tympanics, as already mentioned, are so much [[strikethrough]] broken [[/strikethrough]] crushed and abraded et al their original form cannot be determined, though they were probably as flat as, or flatter than, in [[underline]] Zalophus [[/underline]] and [[underline]] Arctocephalus [[/underline]]. The paroccipital and mastoid elements of the occipitomastoid process cannot be distinguished, but the [[strikethrough]] masto [[/strikethrough]] inferior surface
7 [[strikethrough]] 8 [[/strikethrough]] of the mastoid is much flatter and broader anteroposteriorly than in the existing sea-lions. [[underline]] Parietals and frontals [[/underline]] The wall of the cranium on the left side is preserved [[strikethrough]] as far forward [[/strikethrough]] [[insertion]] ^ to a point a letter farther [[/insertion]] forward than the line of the [[strikethrough]] gl [[/strikethrough]] anterior margin of the glenoid fossa. It therefore probably includes a portion of the posterior end of the frontal, [[strikethrough]] but [[/strikethrough]] [[insertion]] ^ though [[/insertion]] the suture is not traceable. The general surface is somewhat concave superiorly, as in [[underline]] Eumetopias, [[/underline]] and is narrowed anteriorly as in that genus. [[strikethrough]] It presents In Za [[/strikethrough]] In [[underline]] Zalophus [[/underline]] and other existing genera, except [[underline]] Eumetopias, [[/underline]] the brain-case is [[strikethrough]] rather [[/strikethrough]] more oblong or quadrate in form, [[/strikethrough]] and more evenly convex superiorly [[/strikethrough]] due to the [[strikethrough]] the bulging out of the [[/strikethrough]] stronger development of the anterior cranial fossa, while in [[underline]] Otaria [[/underline]] a [[insertion]] ^ distinct [[/insertion]] postfrontal process develops [[strikethrough]] at the [[/strikethrough]] in this region. A strong sagittal crest probably existed in [[underline]] Pontoleon [[/underline]] as in [[underline]] Eumetopias, [[/underline]] but it is wanting in the fossil skull. [[large checkmark]]
8 [[strikethrough]] 7 [[/strikethrough]] [[strikethrough]] of the mastoid is much flatter [[insertion]] ^ and broader anterio-posteriorly [[/insertion]] than in the existing sea lions. [[/strikethrough]] [[underline]] Palatines. [[/underline]] The palatal region is remarkable for the abbreviation of the bony palate, the [[strikethrough]] distance [[/strikethrough]] length from the hind margin of the latter to the posterior margin of the pterygoids immediately above the hamular process nearly equalizing the [[strikethrough]] distance [[/strikethrough]] length from the latter point to the occipital condyles. In existing genera the former [[strikethrough]] distance [[/strikethrough]] length is about half the latter, except in [[underline]] Otaria, [[/underline]] in which [[strikethrough]] the bony [[/strikethrough]] it is hardly more than a fourth. The skull [[insertion]] ^ of [[underline]] Pontoleon [[/underline]] [[/insertion]] is broken [[strikethrough]] as far as the [[/strikethrough]] opposite the posterior end of the bony palate, but [[strikethrough]] enough [[insertion]] ^ of the latter [[/insertion]] remains to in show the [[/strikethrough]] a small portion of the [[strikethrough]] latter of immediately [[/strikethrough]] posterior end remains on the left side. The vertical plates of the palatines [[insertion]] ^ are [[/insertion]] remarkably bulbous [[insertion]] ^ externally [[/insertion]] at the point marking the suture with the pterygoids [[insertion]] and alisphenoids [[/insertion]]. Below this swelling, a quite deep groove runs parallel with the inferior free margin of the wall of the nares. This [[insertion]] ^ groove [[/insertion]] is not present in [[underline]] Otaria, [[/underline]] but [[strikethrough]] marke [[/strikethrough]] is developed in a minor degree in [[strikethrough]] other [[/strikethrough]] [[underline]] Zalophus Arctocephalus [[underline]] and other existing genera. [[underline]] Pterygoids. [[/underline]] The suture [[strikethrough]] of the [[/strikethrough]] between the pterygoids and palatines is obliterated. The posterior free margin [[insertion]] ^ of the former [[/insertion]] is emarginated, but much more nearly vertical than in existing genera, except [[underline]] Otaria. [[/underline]] The hamular processes appear to have been well-
9 [[strikethrough]] 8 [[/strikethrough]] developed, but their original form is uncertain. This is a point of little importance on account of the large individual variation in the form of the process in the several genera of Otariidae.* The [[insertion]] ^ walls of the [[/insertion]] alisphenoid canal [[line across page]] * In the skull of [[underline]] Pontoleon [[/underline]] a fragment of bone has been placed at the end of the right pterygoid but it is not certain that it belongs in this position. The free margin of the [[insertion]] ^ right [[/insertion]] pterygoid [[strikethrough]] on the right [[/strikethrough]] has been too much chiselled out. [[line across page]] have been chiselled away, or were already broken off when the skull was found - [[underline]] Fossae [[gitu?]] cranial cavity [[/underline]] - Compared with [[underline]] Eumetopias [[/underline]], the anterior cranial fossa is remarkable inferiorly for its extension [[strikethrough]] posterior [[/strikethrough]] posterioexternal; [[strikethrough]] and [[/strikethrough]] [[insertion]] ^ also for the [[/insertion]] oblique posterior boundary, due to [[strikethrough]] the [[/strikethrough]] a thickening of the internal parietal ridge. The middle fossa is restricted externally from the same cause. The shape of the posterior fossa is not determinable exactly, on account of defects in the skull, but it appears to have extended outward less than in [[underline]] Eumetopias [[/underline]]
[[underline]] Described species of fossil sea-lions [[/underline]] Fossil remains of sea-lions are extremely rare, and but few species have been established. [[insertion]] ^ The family [[underline]] Otarridae [[/underline]] is dismissed with but a word or two by Zittel (Paleontologie, vol. 4, Vertebrata, Mammalia) 1891 - 1893) and no mention of fossil forms in [[strikethrough]] Bedda [[/strikethrough]] such works as Beddards' Mammalia (1902). [[/insertion]] [[strikethrough]] Those [[/strikethrough]] [[insertion]] ^ fossil species supposed to be referable to the family [[strikethrough]] and [[/strikethrough]] which also [[/insertion]] made known prior to 1880 were reviewed by Dr. Allen in his History of North American Pinnipeds published in that year. One or two later ones are included in Troussant's Catalogue Mammalian, Supplement, 1904. The [[strikethrough]] list [[/strikethrough]] names of these species and the material on which they were based is as follows: * - [[line across page]] * See Allen, J. A. - History of North American Pinnipeds, 1880, p. 21[[strikethrough]] 8 [[/strikethrough]]7 [[217]] [[line across page]] 1. [[underline]] Otaria? prisca [[/underline]] Gervais. 1850 - 55. [[underlined]] Zool. [[/underlined]] & Paleontol. franc., 1850 - 55, 276, pl. 8, fig. 8 Basedona tooth. "Van Beneden has since determined it to be referable to [[underline]] Squalodon. [[/underline]]" (Allen) 2. [[underline]] Otaria ondriana [[/underline]] Delfortrie. 1872. [[insertion]] ^ Based on a [[strikethrough]] tooth [[/strikethrough]] [[insertion]] ^ last upper molar [[/insertion]] from the bone breccia of Saint-Médard-en-Galle, near Bordeaux [[/insertion]] 3. [[underline]] Otaria leclercii [[/underline]] Delfortrie. 1872 Based on an outer lower incisor from the same locality. Act. Sor. Linn. Bordeaux, 28, 182. livr. 4 Van Beneden contended that these teeth [[strikethrough]] probab [[/strikethrough]] belonged to his genus [[underline]] Palaeoptrea [[/underline]], a
2 [[insertion]] ^ fossil [[/insertion]] phocid allied to [[underline]] Monachus [[/underline]] and Dr. Allen concurred in the opinion that they were not otarine. 4. [[underline]] Mesotaria ambigua [[/underline]] Van Beneden. 1877. [[strikethrough]] 18 [[/strikethrough]] Ann. [[strikethrough]] on [[/strikethrough]] Mus. roy. d'Hist Nat. [[strikethrough]] , [[/strikethrough]] Belg., 1, 1877, 56, pl. 1. Based on the bones of the greater part of the skeleton and numerous teeth; skull wanting. Assigned by Allen to the [[underline]] Phocidae [[/underline]], as probably allied to [[underline]] Cystophora [[/underline]] and [[underline]] Macrorhinus [[/underline]]. 5. [[underline]] Otaria jubata (foss.) [[/underline]] Ameghino. 1889. Masu. fosil. Argentina, 1889, 343. "Sus restos se encuentran con freouencia en las formaciones marinas post-pampeaues. "Alrededores de la Plata, Puerta de Lara, Quilmes, etc. "Piso querandino de la formacion cuaternania/cuaternanio inferior)." 6. [[underline]] Arctocephalus williamsi [[/underline]] MacCoy Prodrome Palaeontol. Victoria decade 5, 1879, 7, pls. 41 & 44. Pliocene Based on an "old male skull". Considered by Allen/Pinnipeds, p. 770) as not differing materially from female of [[underline]] Zaloplhus lobatus [[/underline]] (Gray)
3 7. [[underline]] Arctophoca fischeri [[/underline]] Ameghino 1886. Bol. Acad. Nac. Argentina, Cordoba, 9, 1886, 214; Atc. Acad. Nac. Argentina, Cordoba, 6, 1889. 342 ( = [[underline]] Otaria fischeri [[/underline]] H. Gerv. & Amegh. Mam. foss. de l'Amer. Sud, 1880, 223 - [[underline]] Nomen nudum [[/underline]] Oligocene Based on [[insertion]] ^ a fragment of [[/insertion]] the horizontal ramus of a mandible with the alveoli of the three last molars, from "las barraucas del parana". "Piso patagonico de la formacion patagonica (obligoceno superior)." Resembles [[underline]] Arctophoca falklandica [[underline]] ( = [[underline]] Arctocephalus australis [[/underline]] Zimm.) but is smaller. ([[underline]] Arctophoca [[/underline]] Peters is considered by G. A. Allen a synonym of [[underline]] Arctocephalus [[/underline]] F. Cuver). 8. [[underline]] Arctocephalus forsteri [[/underline]] (foss.) Pérou. 1816. Voyage Terres Australes, 1816, 2, 37. Troussart cites this species from Pérou* [[line across page]] * By a typographical error, written Lésson. [[line across page]] Pleistocene of New Zealand -
4 Whether any or all of the various normal species of fossil sea lions hitherto described are valid is really of very little [[insertion]] ^ importance [[/insertion]] in the present connection, as, [[strikethrough]] they are based [[/strikethrough]] with one exception, they are based on bones or teeth, [[strikethrough]] no [[/strikethrough]] and owing to this circumstance could not be correlated with [[underline]] Pontolean [[/underline]]. The exception relates to [[underline]] Arctocephalus williamsi [[/underline]] MacCoy, which was founded on an "old male skull" according to the original describer, but which, as we have seen is considered by Dr. J. A. Allen as not different [[insertion]] ^ materially [[/insertion]] [[from?]] [[strikethrough]] the [/strikethrough]] [[insertion]] ^ a female [[/insertion]] skull of the [[underline]] Zalophus lobatus, [[/underline]] a recent species. After our examination of the original figures, I concur in this opinion.
5 [[strikethrough]] 3 [[/strikethrough]] [[double underline]] General remarks. [[/double underline]] [[left margin]] ? [[/left margin]] [[strikethrough]] Whether [[insertion]] ^ any or all of [[/insertion]] the various nominal species of fossil sea-lions [[strikethrough]] above mentioned [[/strikethrough]] hither-to described are valid is really of very little importance in the present connection as they are [[strikethrough]] all B [[/strikethrough]] based on bones [[/strikethrough]] and [[/strikethrough]] or teeth in every instance, no skulls having been found [[strikethrough]] They could not on this [[/strikethrough]] Owing to this circumstance they could not be correlated with [[underline]] Pontoleon. [[/underline]] [[/strikethrough]] It is an interesting fact, brought out in the foregoing description, that [[underline]] Pontoleon [[/underline]] is closely allied to [[underline]] Eumentopias [[insertion]] ^ jubuta [[/insertion]] [[/underline]], a living species of the same region. That it was the progenitor of [[underline]] Eumentopias [[/underline]] is probable, through such as opinion cannot be asserted, with much positiveness on the basis of [[strikethrough]] such scant material [[/strikethrough]] [[insertion]] ^ the single fragment now available. [[/insertion]] The [[strikethrough]] material is [[/strikethrough]] skull proves, however, that [[strikethrough]] the [[/strikethrough]] Sea-lions [[strikethrough]] were [[/strikethrough]] existed in the North Pacific region in Miocene times. [[strikethrough]] and [[/strikethrough]] They either originated there or if they were derived from some other region, must have entered the fauna of [[strikethrough]] this region [[/strikethrough]] the North Pacific at a still earlier epoch.
[[insertion]] [[underlined]] Princeton coll [[/underlined]] Ansd Oct 22 [[/insertion]] [[preprinted]] PRINCETON UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT OF PALÆONTOLOGY PRINCETON, N.J. ^[[Oct. 21st]] 190^[[8]] [[/preprinted]] Dear Mr. True: I shall be very glad to have you publish your account of the Patagonian Cetacean in the Smithsonian journal, for I am at present entirely without funds for the purpose. Should the Smithsonian people decline to [[strikethrough]] do so [[/strikethrough]] take the article, no doubt the American Philosophical Society would be glad to have it. Another cetacean skull turned up among the Patagonian material; was that sent to you? Very sincerely Yours [[underlined]] W. B. Scots [[/underlined]]
^[[foss. whales]] STATE OF VERMONT OFFICE OF STATE GEOLOGIST [[image - state seal of Vermont]] BURLINGTON, VT. May 19th. 1908. Drear ^[[D]]r. True. All the photos that I left with you are the Halifax specimen. I enclose some ^[[o]]f the periot^[[ic]] of our specimen. I have loo^[[k]]ed over the letters you so very kindly lent me with great interest. ^[[Y]]ou did me a greater favor than perhaps you thought when you called my attention to the Ottawa specimens for I had not known of them and might easily have overlooked them. I shall be much interested to know what y^[[o]]u think of the resemblance of the periotics severally to Delphinapteru^[[s]] and Monoden. Very truly ^[[G. H. Perkins]]
^[[Mr Ravenel]] [[preprinted]] STATE OF VERMONT OFFICE OF STATE GEOLOGIST [[image - seal of the state of Vermont]] [[/preprinted]] [[stamp]] W. de C. R. May 25 1907 [[/stamp]] [[preprinted]] BURLINGTON. VT. [[/preprinted]] May 25th. 1907. Dr. F.W.True, Dear Sir: I have not sent on any bill yet because I cannot get it from the ph^[[o]]t^[[o]]grapher. I wrote to him some weeks ago and last week went up and saw him and urged him to send me his bill, but have not heard fr^[[o]]m him yet. He also promised to send you the negatives. The [[underline]] only bill [[/underline]] there is is this of the photographer. I was only too glad to do what I did t^[[o]] secure the pictures and if ^[[,]] as I understand the matter, I am free to use them for illustrati^[[o]]ns in my state reports, I am content that you should have the negatives. Pardon my negligence in failing to acknowledge the recept of the prints you sent. I supprsed that I had notified you of their arrival. I will write to Mr. Wilkinson at once and see if the matter cannot be settled. Yours truly ^[[G.H. Perkins]]
[[preprinted]] Smithsonian Institution. United States National Museum. [[line]] [[/preprinted]] [[underlined]] Plesiocetus [[/underlined]] [[underlined]] Cuvieri [[underlined]] [[underlined]] Capellini [[/underlined]] [[underlined]] garopii [[bracket]] = [[underlined]] Balaenoptera [[underlined]] fide Lydekker & Portis [[line across page]] [[underlined]] Cetotherium [[/underlined]] - Like [[underlined]] Plesiocetus [[/underlined]] but occipital & parietal noticeably shorter, Humerus shorter than fore-arm bones -
[[priscodelply?]] [[underlined]] Grandaevus [[/underlined]] The additional specimens (beside type [[candals?]]) mentioned by Cope in 1869 consist of [[underlined]] 1st indiv.[[/underline]] one lumbar [[underline]] 2nd indiv.[[/underline]] 7 cervicals 9 dorsals 7 lumbars 24 ribs 1 manubrium sterni [[bracket]] These are probably the ones fig. in 1890 [[bracket]]
^[[P. Phocodon]] [[preprinted]] AMERICAN MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY 77th Street and Eighth Avenue. NEW YORK, [[/preprinted]] May 8, 1905. Dr. F. W. True, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D. C. My Dear Dr. True: Replying to your letter of May 4, I would say that we can find no trace of the specimen of [[underline]] Phocodon holmesii [[/underline]], figured on the enclosed. We do find, however, a fragment of a skull of this species, and would be quite willing to send it to you for your examinetion if you so desire. Many thanks for your memorandum in regard to [[underline]] Xiphius [[/underline]]. I have written to Ward's Natural Science Establishment in Rochester and asked their price. Very truly yours, ^[[H. C. Bumpus]] Director.
July 23, 1910. Dr. R. Rathbun, Assistant Secretary. Dear Sir:- I beg to report that in accordance with your approval of detail, I visited Chesapeake Beach, Md., on June 29 and 30, for the purpose of collecting specimens of fossil cetaceans. I was unable to go earlier on account of press of work. The conditions were unfavorable on the days mentioned, as the weather was excessively hot, and a breeze kept the water agitated, so that objects could not readily be seen in it. Furthermore, the fall in the tide was very slight. As the fossil bones are carried down the blocks of marl from the cliffs into the water and washed out by the action of the waves, many interesting pieces are found in the water, or between high and low water mark^[[s,]]. A low tide and still water are most fav^[[o]]rable for collecting. In spite of unfavorable conditions, I obtained a considerable number of vertebrae and other pieces, and made some observations on the condition of the cliffs, which have changed materially since last fall. These changes bring to light skulls and other remains imbedded in the cliffs, but I was unable to discover any on this occasion. Yours respectfully, Head Curator of Biology.
[[preprinted]] (4185-20 M.) United States National Museum. [[line]] MEMORANDUM [[/preprinted]] [[underlined]] Fossil Cetaceae [[/underlined]] 7279 } Zeuglodon virginia 7280 } vertebrae 8 spec. [[line across page]] [[strikethrough]] Foss [[/strikethrough]] 7395 Fossil bone } 7396 Cetaceus earbone } 7397 Aelobates teeth } [[above 3 items are bracketed at right and point to:]] Near Benedict | Charles Co., M[[superscript]] d [[/superscript]] | O. N. Bryan - [[line across page]] 7402 } Mastodon teeth marl beds of 3 } Maryland - St. Mary's Co. [[strikethrough]] 4 [[/strikethrough]] M[[superscript]] d [[/superscript]] - 7403 found in digging a water race between Patuxent River & St. Clement's Bay
[[preprinted]] (4185-20 M.) United States National Museum. [[line]] MEMORANDUM. [[/preprinted]] 8206 - 8210 _ Cetacean ribs & vertebrae virginia miocene [[line]] 8769 - Cetacean vertebra Cliffs of Calvert - [[line]] 16617- whale vertebra Stafford Cliffs. M[[superscript]] d [[/superscript]] (Ace. 11046) H. G. Harmon 1881
[[preprinted]] (4185-20 M.) United States National Museum. [[line]] MEMORANDUM. [[/preprinted]] 7409 - 7413 Mastodon vertebrae Maryland Marl beds [[line]] 7686 - Zeuglodon vertebra Virginia [[line]] 7689 Cetacean M[[superescript]] d [[/superscript]] or Va Miocene Vertebra [[line]] 7694 - Cetacean rib Calvert co. M[[superscript]] d [[/superscript]] D[[superscript]] r [[/superscript]] Horsford
Sut 24 - [[strikethrough]] 3 [[/strikethrough]] Sut 1 - Sut 8 Sut 15 -
[[underline]] ^[[fossil whales]] [[/underline]] [[preprinted]] The Charleston Museum UNDER THE AUSPICES OF THE COLLEGE OF CHARLESTON PAUL M. REA, DIRECTOR. CHARLESTON, S.C. [[/preprinted]] October 18, 1909. Dr. F. W. True, U.S. National Museum, Washington, D.C. My dear Dr. True: In reply to your letter of October 16th I would say that Prof. Holmes' collection was removed from the Charleston Museum at the time when Prof. Holmes terminated his connection with the institution. A part of the collection is now in the American Museum of Natural History in New York and I understand that more of it is in Philadlphia. At any rate we have been unable to identify any specimens as being those figured in his Pleiocene and Post-Pleiocene [[insertion]] ^[[ ^ Fossils]] [[/insertion]]. If I later come across any teeth of this character I shall bear you in mind. I am still accumulating Xiphioid whale heads and now have seven as well as three or four more which I have located in town but not yet acquired for the Museum. Sometime I think it will be of interest to you to examine this collection. Allow me to take this opportunity of thanking you for your paper on Fossil Cetaceans from Santa Cruz which I recently received and read with interest. With kindest regards, I am, Very sincerely yours, ^[[P.M. Rea]] Director. PMR/W
[[preprinted]] SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM [[line]] MEMORANDUM [[/preprinted]] Jan. 23. 1911. [[stamped]] R.R. | JAN 24 1911 [[/stamped]] To Dr. R. Rathbun, Assistant Secretary, I beg to request permission to publish the enclosed note, on an important fossil cetacean belonging to the National Museum, in the [[underlined]] Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington [[/underlined]] or in [[underlined]] Science [[/underlined]]. Yours respectfully, F.W. True Approved R. Rathbun Acting Secretary
DISCOVERY OF A FOSSIL DELPHINOID CETACEAN, WITH TUBERCULATE TEETH. Among the fossil remains of cetaceans obtained a short time since by the National Museum from the Miocene formation of Maryland, is a nearly complete skeleton of a porpoise, which, on examination, proves to be a delphinoid form, that is, a species which may be referred to the family Delphinidae, but has tuberculate teeth. This important speciman enables us to solve, in part, the hitherto unsolved problem of the origin of they typical porpoises of today. It now appears unquestionable that they were derived from forms having teeth with tuberculate or serrate crowns, rugose enamel, and anterior and posterior longitudinal ridges. This form of teeth is indicated in the recent delphinoid genus [[underline]] Steno, [[/underline]] in which the crowns have rugose enamel, and, as I have lately discovered, traces of anterior and posterior ridges. The beak in the fossil species is short and broad, the symphysis of the mandible moderately long, as in [[underline]] Steno, [[/underline]] the supraorbital plates of the frontal large, the cervical vertebrae all free, the atlas wuth a single transverse process, the thoracic, lumbar, and caudal vertebrae short, the transverse processes of the lumbars long, narrow, and not expanded at the extremity. It is probable that the earlier ancestral forms of the Delphinidae were allied to [[underline]] Squalodon [[/underline]] and that the families Delphinidae and Squalodontidae are offshoots from a common stem. Nevertheless,
as so little is known of the vertebral column and limbs of the squalodonts, the hypothesis still appears tenable that the Delphinidae originated from a stock distinct from the former, but have somewhat similar tuberculate teeth. The teeth of the fossil species have been compared with the type-teeth of [[underline]] Delphinodon [[/underline]] [[underline]] mento [[/underline]] and [[underline]] D. [[/underline]] wymani, [[/underline]] with the result that it can be referred with certainty to that genus, and probably is identical with the latter species. The genus [[underline]] Delphinodon, [[/underline]] therefore, which has hitherto been regarded as belonging to the Squalodontidae, is now to be transferred to the family Delphinidae. A full description of the fossil skeleton, with illustrations will be published by the National Museum at an early date. Frederick W. True Washington, D.C., Jan. 23, 1911
[[preprinted]] THE CHARLESTON MUSEUM [[/preprinted]] [[stamped]] NOV 6 1908 [[/stamped]] My dear Dr. True Please accept my Thanks for reprint of your paper on the classification of cetacea just received. Very truly yours. P.M.Rea
[[preprinted vertically]] THE SPACE BELOW MAY BE USED FOR CORRESPONDENCE [[line]] [[/preprinted vertically]] [[post mark - CHARLESTON, S.C. Nov 6 4 - PM 1908]] [[stamp - United States of America 1843 - 1901 McKinley POSTAGE ONE CENT]] [[preprinted]] POSTAL CARD THE SPACE BELOW IS FOR THE ADDRESS ONLY. [[/preprinted]] Dr. F.W. True, U.S. Nat. Museum, Washington, D.C.
[[preprinted]] CHARLESTON, S.C. [[/preprinted]] Feb. 8, 1908. [[preprinted]] THE CHARLESTON MUSEUM ACKNOWLEDGES THE RECEIPT OF: [[/preprinted]] Reprint from Smith. Misc. Coll, V. 50, pt 4. Occurrence of ... fossil Cetaceans ... in the U.S. and tenders thanks for the same [[preprinted]] PAUL M. REA, DIRECTOR [[/preprinted]]
[[indicia]] Charleston SC Feb 8 6-PM 1908 [[/indicia]] [[indicia, overprints earlier one]] Washington, D.C. Feb 9 4-PM 1908 [[/indicia]] [[preprinted stamp]] UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1943 1901 McKINLEY POSTAGE ONE CENT [[/stamp]] [[preprinted]] POSTAL CARD THE SPACE BELOW IS FOR THE ADDRESS ONLY [[/preprinted]] Dr. Frederick W. True U.S. National Museum Washington D.C.
[[preprinted]] Charleston, S. C. [[/preprinted]] [[stamp]] Oct 1 1908 [[/stamp]] [[preprinted]] THE [[strikethrough]] CHARLESTON MUSEUM [[/strikethrough]] ^[[undersigned]] ACKNOWLEDGES THE RECEIPT OF: [[/preprinted]] The fossil cetacean, Dorudon serratus Gibbes Many Thanks. - We now have seven Xiphioid heads here. [[preprinted]] PAUL M. REA, DIRECTOR [[/preprinted]]
[[post mark - CHARLESTON, S.C. OCT 1 10-PM 1908]] [[preprinted]] [[stamp, text - UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1843 1901 McKINLEY POSTAGE ONE CENT]] POSTAL CARD THE SPACE BELOW IS FOR THE ADDRESS ONLY. [[/preprinted]] Dr. F.W. True U.S. National Museum, Washington, D.C.
[[preprinted]] Smithsonian Institution United States National Museum. [line]] [[/preprinted]] E. A. Richards U.S. Consular Agency Kingston St. Vincent To Brit. West Indies
[[preprinted]] Princeton University Department of Paleontology Princeton, New Jersey [[/preprinted]] May 6th, 1911 [[insertion]] OKd [[/insertion]] Dear Dr. True: Just before I left for Panama on April 12th, I ordered sent to you the newly discovered Cetacean from the Patagonian beds, comprising part of the mandible & the tympanic. No doubt, you were puzzled to account for its unexplained appearance; I intended to write to you, but was prevented from doing [[insertion]] ^ so [[/insertion]] by my hurried departure. Now that I am home again, I write to ask whether you can tell me what the beast is, & shall be obliged for any information concerning it. Please return the specimen to me, when you have quite finished any study that you may wish to make of it. Very Sincerely Yours [[underlined]] W. B. Scott. [[/underlined]]
ansd Feb 21 [[preprinted]] Princeton University Department of Palaeontology Princeton, New Jersey [[/preprinted]] Jan. 24[[superscript]] th [[/superscript]] 1911 Dear Dr. True: When you last wrote to me, kindly promising to get up an account of the Cetacea of the Patagonian beds, I did not reply, because I could not then fix any time when the Ms. would be needed. Now, however, things have so far cleared up that I am able to see the end of the series & I shall be glad to have your paper as soon as you can conveniently [[strikethrough]] let [[/strikethrough]] prepare it. I hope you can give us something for the meeting of the American Philosophical Society in April & will oblige me by sending on a title for the programme. Very Sincerely Yours [[underlined]] W. B. Scott. [[/underlined]]
Princeton University October 23d/09. My dear Dr. True: - Please accept my thanks for the papers on cetaceans recently read. I have been so busy with moving into our new quarters that I have not had the chance to read any of them yet. Yours very truly, Wm J Sinclair
[[post mark - PR[[INCET?]]ON OCT 25 8 AM N.J.]] [[preprinted]] [[stamp, text - UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1843 1901 McKINLEY POSTAGE ONE CENT, image - McKinley]] POSTAL CARD THE SPACE BELOW IS FOR THE ADDRESS ONLY [[/preprinted]] Dr. F.W. True, United States National Museum, Washington, D.C.
München, 11.10.1908 Schönfeldstraße 26 [[III?]] Sehr geehrter Herr Professor! Den besten Dank für Ihre wichtige Abhandlung über Dorudon, die mich leider zu spät überzeugt, daß ich Dorudon serratus und Zeuglodon brachyopondylus minor, wenn auch vielleicht nicht als Genera, so doch als Arten hätte auseinander halten sollen. Ich habe eben die amerikanischen Archaeoceti minor nebenbei berücksichtigt, da ich ohne Studium der Originale eine Klärung ihres Baues und ihrer Stellung für unmöglich halte. - Ich erlaubte mir, im September durch Vermittlung der Smithsonian Institution Ihnen meine 2 Arbeiten über Archaeoceti zu senden, hoffentlich sind sie angekommen und wird ein so ausgezeichneter Kenner wie Sie dadurch veranlaßt, eine gründliche Revision aller amerikanischen Archaeoceti vorzunehmen. Hochachtungsvollst. Dr. Ernst Stromer.
[[preprinted]] Königreich Bayern Postkarte [[/pre-printed]] [[image - red 10 pfennig postage stamp with cancellation mark "Muenchen I.B.P. 18 Okt. 08 C5-6N"]] An Herrn. Professor Fr. W. True in Washington D.C. United States national Museum [[preprinted]] 08 [[/pre-printed]]
[[insertion]] file foss. whales [[/insertion]] [[preprinted]] The Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia Logan Square [[/preprinted]] Feb 11/08 [[insertion]] Ans'd Feb. 17. 08 forwarding ms & ills. [[/insertion]] My dear Dr. True The Academy I am sure will be very glad to publish your paper. I am on the publication committee & Dr. Nolan the editor agrees with me so if you will send it to me at once I think it will be in the printer's hand very shortly. Sincerely yours, [[underlined]] Witmer Stone [[/underlined]]
[[preprintedd]] YALE UNIVERSITY MUSEUM Geological Department NEW HAVEN, CONNECTICUT [[/preprinted]] July 8, 1908. Dr. Frederick W. True, Head Curator, Department ^[[Bi]]ology, U.S. National Museum, Washington, D.C. My dear Dr. True: I want to thank you most heartily for the bunch of vertebrate papers from you pen recently received. As we are doing considerable paleontological work here at Yale these pamphlets will be of great service to us. Hoping you are well, I am Yours truly, ^[[Charles Schuchert.]] CS/00
[[preprinted]] SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM [[line]] MEMORANDUM [[/preprinted]] February 14, 1908. To Dr. True: I am directed to inform you that the Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution has approved your request, under date of February 12th, for permission to publish in the Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia your paper entitled "Remarks on the fossil cetacean [[underline]] Rhabdosteus latiradix [[/underline]] Cope". Very respectfully yours, ^[[H S Bryant AcTq.]] [[stamped]] Correspondence & Documents [[/stamped]] Dr. F. W. True, Head Curator, Department of Biology, U. S. National Museum.
[[preprinted]] PRINCETON UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT OF PALÆONTOLOGY PRINCETON, N.J., ^[Feb 11th] 190^[8] [[/preprinted]] Dear Mr. True = I am very glad that you are able & willing to give us a paper for the general meeting of the Philosophical Society. The [[lautern?]]-question may be kept open until the preparations of the final programme [[strikethrough]] at [[/strikethrough]] early in April, but I hope you will conclude to make use of the slides, as I think these always add to the interest & attractiveness of any paper that admits of them. Very Sincerely yours [[underlined]] W. B. Scott [[/underlined]]
[[strikethrough]] On the [[/strikethrough]] The classification of the Cetacea, with special reference to extinct forms -- 20 min.
[[preprinted]] PRINCETON UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT OF PALÆONTOLOGY PRINCETON, N.J., ^[Jan 27th] 190 ^[8] [[/preprinted]] [[insertion]] Ansd Jan 31 [[/insertion]] Dear Mr. True = On behalf of the committee on arrangements, I would cordially invite you to present a paper at the general meeting of the American Philosophical Society in April next. Hoping for an early & affirmative reply, I am Very Sincerely Yours [[underlined]] W. B. Scott [[/underlined]]
[[preprinted]] CABLE ADDRESS, "MUSEOLOGY" AMERICAN MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY SEVENTY-SEVENTH STREET AND CENTRAL PARK WEST PLEASE ADDRESS THE LIBRARY NEW YORK, [[/preprinted]] March 26, 1910 ^[[Ansd Apr 2. 10]] Frederick W. True, National Museum Washington, D.C. My Dear Dr. True:- We sent you yesterday twenty-five (25) copies of your recent paper for your personal use and we will mail for you at our expense one hundred (100) copies to addresses which you deem fit to submit. Awaiting your list, I am, Very truly yours, ^[[R.W. Torve]] Curator of Books & Publications.
R. Chesapeake Beach W Plum Pt. Md. / Calvert Cliffs) - Apr 9, 1905 91 - 342 + Iouos. resend for [[underline]] specimen [[/underline]] at house
[[underlined]] Jan. 22 .07 [[underlined]] Dr. R. Rathbun Assistant Secretary [[Mg?]] Dear Dr. Rathbun:- As I wrote you last year, I should like to spend a little time this winter and next spring in examining the types of American fossil cetaceans in the Museums of Johns Hopkins University and the Womans' College, Baltimore, and the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia - It would be most convenient to go to Baltimore first, [[begng?]] perhaps next Saturday or the following week- I would propose [[strikethrough]] po [[/strikethrough]] to go on Saturdays only, as the expense [[strikethrough]] is [[/strikethrough]] [[insertion]] would be [[/insertion]] less, [[insertion]] than on other days, [[/insertion]] amounting to about $1.50 [[insertion]] for [[/insertion]] each trip ($1.25 for round trip ticket & 25 cts. for lunch). [[strikethrough]] I presume Several trips would [[insertion]] doubtless [[/insertion]] be necessary, as I understand some of the specimens at least are stored away, and I should probably have to help to sort them out spy out the right ones and get them put where they [[insertion]] could [[/insertion]] [[underline]] can [[/underline]] be seen studied. It is not possible, of course, to say in advance [[/strikethrough]] wh [[/strikethrough]] to what extent the various specimens would prove [[/strikethrough]] [[insertion]] I am unable to say in [[/insertion]] advance exactly how much time [[insertion from below]] in all [[/insertion]] would be required [[strikethrough]] to [[/strikethrough]]
2 for profitable study of the material in Baltimore, but I do not think it would be very much, and probably a few trips would would suffice. The types in Philadelphia are much more numerous and I presume a couple of weeks would be [[strikethrough]] required [[/strikethrough]] needed to acquire an intimate knowledge of them. - I should prefer, however, to put off going there until April, when the light and weather are better. The expense in that connection would probably be about $40 or $50. Yours very sincerely
[[preprinted]] SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION. UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. [[/preprinted]] [[line]] [[underlined]] Priscodelphinus grandaevus [[/underlined]] Shiloh, Cumberland Co. [[underlined]] P. harlani [[/underlined]] Mullica Hill Gloucester Co. [[underlined]] Squalodon atlanticus [[/underlined]] Shiloh [[underlined]] Trelosphys uraeus [[/underlined]] Shiloh
[[preprinted]] SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM [[line]] [[/preprinted]] [[underlined]] Zarhachis velox [[/underlined]] near Shiloh "Marl prts of Reuben Ayres"
50 [[preprinted]] SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. [[line]] [[/preprinted]] Mesoleras [[line across page]] PAPS [[boxed]] 1873. pl. 4. fig. 1. [[/boxed]] Regnopsis 1896. 145 pl. 12. fig 5 [[line across page]] Pachycetus Bull. Acad Belg. 6. 1883. 27
Cetotherium megalophysum, Cope Cove Pt - Cranium Lophocetus calvertensis (Harlan) Calvert Cliffs - Cranium Paracetus mediatlanticus Cope Drum Pt. - Cranium
Priscodelphinus? crassangulum Case 3/4 Mile North of Governor's Run Cranium
[[preprinted]] SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION. UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. [[line]] [[/preprinted]] Dr True You will note we do not find your whale. Will report later if it turns up. Yrs [[Trosm?]] Feb 14
[[preprinted]] SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM [line] MEMORANDUM [[/preprinted]] [[insertion]] Mr Gidley, Please look this up. Prof. P.M. [[/insertion]] Jan. 29, 1906. To Dr. Merrill:- Leidy stated in 1876 that the type of his fossil ziphioid whale [[underlined]] Proroziphius macrops [[/underlined]] was in the "Smithsonian collection of the Government Departments of the Centennial Exposition" - Do you know whether anything has been seen of it here? It is a beak 2 1/2 ft. long & with "the density of ivory"- F. W. True [[insertion]] Can not at present locate this specimen. J. W. Gidley [[/insertion]]
[[strikethrough]] "Barita" powder [[/strikethrough]]
[[underlined]] Types in Phila. Acad. [[/underlined]] [[underlined]] [[insertion]] M [[/insertion]] Balaena palaeatlantica [[/underlined]] Leidy (Rhegnopsis) Frag. of lower jaw, a dorsal & zygomatic [[underlined]] [[insertion]] M [[/insertion]] B. prisca [[/underlined]] Ldy. (Siphonocetus) Frag. of lower jaw & a caudal [[underlined]] [[insertion]] M [[/insertion]] Balaenoptera pusilla [[/underlined]] Cope (Cetotherium) Frag. of a ramus [[underlined]] [[insertion]] Phosphate [[/insertion]] Belemnoziphius procops [[/underlined]] Leidy. (Mesoplodon) [[underlined]] Here? [[/underlined]] Beak [[underlined]] [[insertion]] Phosphate [[/insertion]] Ceterhinops longifrons [[/underlined]] Leidy (Squalodon?) Frag. of a skull around blowholes [[underlined]] [[insertion]] Phosphate [[/insertion]] Chorioziphius liops [[/underlined]] Ly. Beak. [[underlined]] Here? [[/underlined]] [[underlined]] [[insertion]] do [[ditto for Phosphate]] [[/insertion]] C. trachops [[/underlined]] Ly. Beak. [[underlined]] Here? [[/underlined]] [[underlined]] [[insertion]] P? [[/insertion]] Colophonodon holmesii [[/underlined]] Ly. (Squalodon) Several teeth [[underlined]] [[insertion]] M [[/insertion]] Delphinapterus gabbii [[/underlined]] Cope. (Priscodelphinus) A Caudal [[underlined]] [[insertion]] M [[/insertion]] D. hawkinsi [[/underlined]] Cope (Priscodelphinus) 2 lumbars [[underlined]] [[insertion]] M [[/insertion]] D. lacertosus [[/underlined]] Cope. (Priscodelphinus) 2 lumbars, abnormal. (Other specimens) [[underlined]] [[insertion]] M [[/insertion]] D. ruschenbergeri [[/underlined]] Cope. (Priscodelphinus?) a caudal & a lumbar [[underlined]] [[insertion]] M [[/insertion]] D. tyrannus [[/underline]] Cope. (Cetotherium?) 1 dorsal & 3 lumbars [[underlined]] Here? [[/underlined]] [[underlined]] [[insertion]] M [[/insertion]] Delphinus calvertensis [[/underlined]] Harlan(Lophocetus) Skull. [[underlined]] Here? [[/underlined]]
2. [[underlined]] [[insertion]] M [[/insertion]] Delphinus couradi [[/underline]] Ly (Ixacanthus) Centrium of a lumbar (others) [[underlined]] [[insertion]] Phos. [[/insertion]] Eboroziphius coelops [[/underline]] Ly. A beak. [[underline]] Here [[/underline]]? [[underlined]] [[insertion]] M [[/insertion]] Eschrichtus cephalus [[/underline]] Cope. (Cetotherium) Considerable part of a skeleton) [[underline]] E. davidisonii [[/underline]] Cope. (Cetotherium) Prox. portion of left ramus [[underlined]] [[insertion]] M [[/insertion]] E. leptocentrus [[/underline]] Cope. (Cetotherium) A 2d cervical [[underlined]] [[insertion]] M [[/insertion]] E. polyorus [[/underline]] Cope. (Cetotherium) Prox. 2/5 of a left ramus [[underlined]] [[insertion]] M [[/insertion]] Hemicaulodon effodens [[/underline]] Cope. Frag. of a tooth [[underline]] Here ? [[/underline]] [[underlined]] [[insertion]] M [[/insertion]] Ixacanthus coelospondylus [[/underline]] Cope. Some vertebrae ad, & jr. [[underlined]] [[insertion]] M [[/insertion]] Macrophoca atlantica [[/underlined]] Ly. (Squalodon) Three molars [[underlined]] [[insertion]] M [[/insertion]] Megaptera expansa [[/underline]] Cope (Siphonocetus) 1. Numerous vert. from Thos. coll. 2. Several from Nomini 3. Some from Va. [[underlined]] [[insertion]] M [[/insertion]] Ontocetus emmonsi [[/underlined]] Ly. (Hoplocetus ?) A large tooth [[underlined]] [[insertion]] M [[/insertion]] Ontocetus emmonsi [[/underline]] Cope. A tooth [[underlined]] [[insertion]] M [[/insertion]] O. [[enadiatidens?]] [[/underline]] Ly. (Physeter ?) Frags. of a jaw, 2 teeth & portion of a rib
3 [[insertion]] [[underlined]] P. [[/insertion]] Phoca debilis [[/underline]] Ly (Squalodon) Three molars [[underlined]] Here [[/underlined]] ? [[insertion]] [[underlined]] M [[/insertion]] P. wymani [[/underlined]] Ly. (Squalodon) A tooth (canine?) [[insertion]] [[underlined]] E or M [[/insertion]] Pontobasileus tuberculatus [[/underlined]] Ly. Frag. of a tooth [[insertion]] [[underlined]] M [[/insertion]] Priscodelphinus acutidens [[/underline]] Cope. (Champsodelphis) A tooth [[insertion]] [[underlined]] M [[/insertion]] P. atropuis [[/underline]] Cope (Ixacanthus) 3 cerv. & 3 dorsals; 2 lumbar & 1 caudal; 1 lumbar & 1 caudal; 3 lumbars (= 14 vert.) [[insertion]] [[underlined]] M [[/insertion]] P. Grandaevus [[/underlined]] Ly. 2 caudals, jr. (others [[strikethrough]] ) [[/strikethrough]] incl. frag. of upper pair , [[underline]] fide [[/underline]] Leidy [[insertion]] [[underlined]] M? [[/insertion]] P. harlani [[/underline]] Ly. (= P. grandaevus) A post. dorsal [[insertion]] [[underlined]] M [[/insertion]] P. spinosus [[/underline]] Cope - (Ixacanthus) 2 cerv., 3 dorsal, 8 lumbar [[insertion]] [[underlined]] M [[/insertion]] P. stenus [[/underline]] Cope. (Ixacanthus) 2 lumbars [[insertion]] [[underlined]] M [[/insertion]] Rhabdosteus latiradix [[/underline]] Cope Portion of a muzzle & ? 3 teeth (Calvert) [[insertion]] [[underlined]] M [[/insertion]] Squalodon mento [[/underline]] Cope (Delphinodon) 4 teeth [[insertion]] [[underlined]] E [[/insertion]] S. Pelagius [[/underline]] Ly - Frag. of a jaw [[insertion]] [[underlined]] M [[/insertion]] S. protervus [[/underline]] Cope 1 canine tooth [[insertion]] [[underlined]] M [[/insertion]] Zarhachis flagellator [[/underline]] Cope a caudal (others withdrawn) [[boxed, in pencil]] [[insertion]] [[underlined]] M [[/insertion]] Z. tysoni [[/underline]] Cope A lumbar. [[underline]] Here? [[/underline]] [[insertion]] [[underlined]] M [[/insertion]] Z. velox [[/underline]] Cope A lumbar [[/boxed]]
[[underlined]] D. Conrad: [[/underlined]] The 10 vert. from Md. with the type do not all, in my opinion resemble it. The caudal, e.g., has very slender trans-processes, [[insertion]] ^ thus [[image - arrow/hand pointing to sketch]] [[image - sketch of bone with caption:]] Caudal [[/caption on image]] [[/insertion]] [[circled insertion from below]] Hour-glass shape. [[/insertion]] while the type lumbar has broad ones [[* ? or an X over a comma? There is no corresponding copy below to link with a *]] [[line]] Another, probably a [[underlined]] 1st [[/underlined]] caudal, is similar. - One of these lumbars has very thick epiphyses, while the others have thin ones. The trans. process in all the lumbars, however, are broad. In one somewhat less so, & it was on this acct., no doubt, that Cope added the caudals with spireous trans. processes
[underlined] At Richmond [/underlined] 1. [underlined] Phocageneus venustus [/underlined] Ly (Delpheno Jaw [?]) A tooth (Type) 2. [underlined] Delphinius [/underlined] sp "An animal of the Dolphin Faml" Ly. A jaw & several isolated teeth
T. [[table with 3 columns]] [[3 columns: item | Letter code | location found]] | | [[underline]] Type - Loc. [[/underline]] [[checkmark]] Squalodon atlanticus Leidy | M. | Cumberland Co. N.J. (= Macrophoca atlantica) [[checkmark]] Squalodon vinearius Leidy | | Marthas Vineyard [[checkmark]] " [[ditto for: Squalodon]] holmesii Leidy | E.? | Ashley R. S.C. (= Colophonodon holmesii Leidy) [[checkmark]] Squalodon pelagius Leidy | E. | Ashley R., S.C. [[checkmark]] " [[ditto for: Squalodon]] pygmaeus (Müller) | E. | { " " [[ditto for: Ashley R.,]] S.C. 10 m. from Charleston " [[ditto for: Squalodon]] [[strikethrough]] [[protersus ?]] (Cope) [[checkmark]] " [[ditto for: Squalodon]] debilis (Leidy) | | Ashley R., S.C. (sands) ( = Phoca debilis Leidy) | P. [[checkmark]] " [[ditto for: Squalodon]] ? modesta (Leidy) | | " " [[ditto for: Ashley R., S.C. (sands)]] ( = Phoca modesta Leidy) [[checkmark]] " [[ditto for: Squalodon]] mento Cope ([[Delphinodni ?]] ^[[insertion]] f. [[/insertion]] Leidy) | | {Shockoe Cr. Ravine, near Richmond, Va. [[checkmark]] " [[ditto for: Squalodon]] wymani (Leidy) " " [[ditto for: ([[Delphinodni ?]] ^[[insertion]] f. [[/insertion]] Leidy) | M. | Virginia [[checkmark]] Phoeageneus venustus Leidy ( " [[ditto for: [[Delphinodni ?]] f.]] Cope) | | Near Richmond, Va. [The type tooth of this sp. is one of the types of Cope's [[underline]] Squal. mento [[/underline]]] [[checkmark]] Priscodelphinus grandaevus Leidy | M. | {Shiloh, N.J. "Green Sand of Jersey" " [[ditto for: Priscodelphinus]] harlani Leidy | | Mulheir Hills ^[[insertion]] Gloucester Co., [[/insertion]] green sand of N.J. ( = P. grandaevus f. Cope) [[checkmark]] Tretosphys uraeus Cope ( = Priscod. f. Cope) | M. | { Shiloh, N.J. ^[[insertion]] lumbar [[/insertion]] + mouth of Patuxent R. ^[[insertion]] caudal [[/insertion]] [[checkmark]] Priscod. acutidens Cope.) | M. | Chas. Co., near Pax. R. [[checkmark]] Zarachis tysoni Cope. | M. | Mouth of Pax. R.. "waterworn & has been probably crashed from the cliffs" [[checkmark]] Zarachis velox Cope. | M. | "From the Miocene marl from the pits of Reuben Ayers, near Shiloh, Cumberland Co., N.J." [[/table]]
2 [[underline]] Type - loc. [[underline]] ✓ Ixacanthus coelospondylus Cope M.2 {From Oliver Norris Bryan of Chas. Co., Md. Miocene of Maryland ✓ Delphinus couradi Leid ( = Ixacanthus f. Cope) Miocene of Va. Presented by [[Conrad?]] ✓ Saurocetus gibbesii Agas. E Eocene of S.C. ✓ Physeter antiquus Leidy Sands of Ashley R. S.C. ✓ " [[Ditto for Physeter]] vetus Leidy " [[Ditto for Sands of Ashley R. S.C.]] ✓ Orycterocetus cornutideus Leidy M. Miocene of [[insertion]] (Pitt Co?) [[insertion]] N.C. ✓ " [[Ditto for Orycterocetus]] quadratidens Leidy M. " [[Ditto for Miocene]] of Va. ✓ Hoplocetus obesus Leidy P.P. Ashley R., vicinity of Charleston, S.C. ✓ Ontocetus emmonsi Leidy M. Miocene of N.C. ✓ Delphinapterus vermontanus Thomp. Pleistocene {Found on the line of the Redland & Burlington RR. in Charlotte, about 12 miles South of Burlington & about 1 mile East of L. Champlain Chittenden Co. ✓ Delphinapterus Orcinus Cope N.C. ✓ Delphinapterus occiduus Leidy M. {Upper Miocene of Half-Moon Bay, Cal. ✓ Balaenoptera pusilla Cope ( = Cetotherium f. Cope) Miocene of Md. [[strikethrough]] ? [[/strikethrough]] ✓ Megaptera expansa Cope ( = Siphonocetus f. Cope) {Types: 1. numerous vertebrae from Thomas Coll. 2. several from Nomini, presented by Oliver N. Bryan of Chas. Co., Md. 3. Some from Va. ✓ Balaena prisca Leidy ( = Siphonocetus f. cope) [[insertion]] ^ M. [[/insertion]] Westmoreland Co., Va. ✓ Cetotherium polyporum Cope N.C. ✓ Balaena mysticetoides Emmons ( = Cetotherium f. Cope.) Mio. of N.C. ✓ Eschrichtius leptocentrus Cope " [[Ditto for]] (Cetotherium f. Cope) Mio. of Eastern Va. ✓ Balaena palaeatlantica Leidy ( = Balaenoptera f. Cope) M. [[strikethrough]] R. [[/strikethrough]] {City Point, Virginia [[end page]]
3 [[underlined]] Type - loc. [[/underlined]] √ Balaenoptera davidsonii Cope Cal √ Mesoteras kerrianus Cope N. C. √ Chonoziphius 5 sps. Leidy Phosphate beds. S. C. √ Mesoplodon prorops Leidy " " [[Ditto for: Phosphate beds. S. C.]]
T. Baltimore [[table of two main columns showing tides at Baltimore]] [[main column titles]] November 1905 | Dec. 1905 [[/column titles]] TIDES [[margin column = date of the month]] [[Within two main columns are 4 sub-columns showing 2 high and 2 low tides for each day]] [[first column]] | November 1905 1- | 3.40 | [[underline]] 9.28 [[/underline]] | 15.30 | [[underline]] 22.01 [[/underline]] 2- | 4.32 | [[underline]] 10.22 [[/underline]] | 16.26 | [[underline]] 22.55 [[/underline]] 3- | 5.28 | [[underline]] 11.25 [[/underline]] | 17.25 | [[underline]] 23.52 4- | 6.25 | [[underline]] 12.30 [[/underline]] | [[strikethrough]] [[line]] [[/strikethrough]] 5- | [[underline]] 0.51 [[/underline]] | 7.25 | [[underline]] 13.35 [[/underline]] | 19.43 6- | [[underline]] 1.52 [[/underline]] | 8.18 | [[underline]] 14.37 [[/underline]] | 20.52 7- | [[underline]] 2.50 [[/underline]] | 9.10 | [[underline]] 15.31 [[/underline]] | 21.55 8- | [[underline]] 3.40 [[/underline]] | 9.57 | [[underline]] 16.20 [[/underline]] | 22.50 9- | [[underline]] 4.27 [[/underline]] | 10.39 | [[underline]] 17.05 [[/underline]] | 23.38 10- | [[underline]] 5.10 [[/underline]] | 11.20 | [[underline]] 17.45 [[/underline]] | [[line]] 11- | 0.20 | [[underline]] 5.49 [[/underline]] | 11.57 | [[underline]] 18.25 [[/underline]] 12- | 0.57 | [[underline]] 6.25 [[/underline]] | 12.34 | [[underline]] 19.05 [[/underline]] 13 | 1.33 | [[underline]] 7.00 [[/underline]] | 13.10 | [[underline]] 19.45 [[/underline]] 14 | 2.08 | [[underline]] 7.37 [[/underline]] | 13.50 | [[underline]] 20.26 [[/underline]] 15 | 2.45 | [[underline]] 8.18 [[/underline]] | 14.32 | [[underline]] 21.09 [[/underline]] 16 | 3.26 | [[underline]] 9.05 [[/underline]] | 15.18 | [[underline]] 21.54 [[/underline]] 17 | 4.10 | [[underline]] 9.58 [[/underline]] | 16.07 | [[underline]] 22.40 [[/underline]] 18 | 4.58 | [[underline]] 10.55 [[/underline]] | 17.00 | [[underline]] 23.31 [[/underline]] 19 | 5.50 | [[underline]] 11.55 [[/underline]] | 18.02 | [[strikethrough]] [[line]] [[/strikethrough]] 20 | [[underline]] 0.25 [[/underline]] | 6.42 | [[underline]] 12.58 [[/underline]] | 19.05 21 | [[underline]] 1.22 [[/underline]] | 7.38 | [[underline]] 14.00 [[/underline]] | 20.12 22 | [[underline]] 2.20 [[/underline]] | 8.32 | [[underline]] 14.56 [[/underline]] | 21.15 23 | [[underline]] 3.12 [[/underline]] | 9.25 | [[underline]] 15.52 [[/underline]] | 22.15 24 | [[underline]] 4.05 [[/underline]] | 10.18 | [[underline]] 16.44 [[/underline]] | 23.12 25 | [[underline]] 4.57 [[/underline]] | 11.05 | [[underline]] 17.35 [[/underline]] | [[line]] 26 | 0.50 | [[underline]] 5.46 [[/underline]] | 11.55 | [[underline]] 18.25 [[/underline]] 27 | 0.55 | [[underline]] 6.37 [[/underline]] | 12.45 | [[underline]] 19.14 [[/underline]] 28 | 1.45 | [[underline]] 7.27 [[/underline]] | 13.34 | [[underline]] 20.03 [[/underline]] 29 | 2.35 | [[underline]] 8.18 [[/underline]] | 14.22 | [[underline]] 20.53 [[/underline]] 30 | 3.25 | [[underline]] 9.10 [[/underline]] | 15.15 | [[underline]] 21.42 [[/underline]] 31 | [[line]] | [[line]] | [[line]] | [[line]] [[/first column]] [[second column]] | Dec. 1905 1- | 4.16 | [[underline]] 10.10 [[/underline]] | 16.10 | [[underline]] 22.35 [[/underline]] 2- | 5.07 | [[underline]] 11.08 [[/underline]] | 17.10 | [[underline]] 23.28 [[/underline]] 3- | 6.00 | [[underline]] 12.08 [[/underline]] | 18.12 | [[strikethrough]] [[line]] [[/strikethrough]] 4- | [[underline]] 0.25 [[/underline]] | 6.50 | [[underline]] 13.09 [[/underline]] | 19.20 5- | [[underline]] 1.18 [[/underline]] | 7.40 | [[underline]] 14.07 [[/underline]] | 20.25 6- | [[underline]] 2.09 [[/underline]] | 8.29 | [[underline]] 15.00 [[/underline]] | 21.27 7- | [[underline]] 2.58 [[/underline]] | 9.14 | [[underline]] 15.46 [[/underline]] | 22.22 8- | [[underline]] 3.44 [[/underline]] | 9.57 | [[underline]] 16.30 [[/underline]] | 23.10 9- | [[underline]] 4.25 [[/underline]] | 10.39 | [[underline]] 17.11 [[/underline]] | 23.50 10- | [[underline]] 5.05 [[/underline]] | 11.20 | [[underline]] 17.54 [[/underline]] | [[strikethrough]] [[line]] [[/strikethrough]] 11- | 0.27 | [[underline]] 5.45 [[/underline]] | 12.00 | [[underline]] 18.35 [[/underline]] 12- | 1.04 | [[underline]] 6.25 [[/underline]] | 12.42 | [[underline]] 19.18 [[/underline]] 13 | 1.40 | [[underline]] 7.07 [[/underline]] | 13.25 | [[underline]] 20.20 [[/underline]] 14 | 2.18 | [[underline]] 7.52 [[/underline]] | 14.09 | [[underline]] 20.44 [[/underline]] 15 | 3.00 | [[underline]] 8.42 [[/underline]] | 14.55 | [[underline]] 21.30 [[/underline]] 16 | 3.45 | [[underline]] 9.38 [[/underline]] | 15.45 | [[underline]] 22.15 [[/underline]] 17 | 4.32 | [[underline]]10.30 [[/underline]] | 16.40 | [[underline]] 23.05 [[/underline]] 18 | 5.22 | [[underline]] 11.34 [[/underline]] | 17.40 | [[underline]] 23.58 [[/underline]] 19 | 6.14 | [[underline]] 12.23 [[/underline]] | 18.42 | [[strikethrough]] [[line]] [[/strikethrough]] 20 | [[underline]] 0.52 [[/underline]] | 7.07 | [[underline]] 13.34 [[/underline]] | 19.47 21 | [[underline]] 1.45 [[/underline]] | 8.01 | [[underline]] 14.31 [[/underline]] | 20.50 22 | [[underline]] 2.40 [[/underline]] | 8.56 | [[underline]] 15.29 [[/underline]] | 21.54 23 | [[underline]] 3.35 [[/underline]] | 9.50 | [[underline]] 16.22 [[/underline]] | 22.55 24 | [[underline]] 4.30 [[/underline]] | 10.45 | [[underline]] 17.15 [[/underline]] | 23.50 25 | [[underline]] 5.25 [[/underline]] | 11.35 | [[underline]] 18.06 [[/underline]] | [[line]] 26 | 0.42 | [[underline]] 6.18 [[/underline]] | 12.27 | [[underline]] 18.58 [[/underline]] 27 | 1.32 | [[underline]] 7.10 [[/underline]] | 13.16 | [[underline]] 19.45 [[/underline]] 28 | 2.20 | [[underline]] 8.05 [[/underline]] | 14.07 | [[underline]] 20.35 [[/underline]] 29 | 3.07 | [[underline]] 8.57 [[/underline]] | 15.00 | [[underline]] 21.24 [[/underline]] 30 | 3.53 | [[underline]] 9.50 [[/underline]] | 15.54 | [[underline]] 22.12 [[/underline]] 31 | 4.40 | [[underline]] 10.45 [[/underline]] | 16.49 | [[underline]] 23.03 [[/underline]] [[/second column]]
[[underlined]] Fairhaven [[/underlined]] [[table]] Tidal differences Time | Height | Rate of ranges HW | LW | HW | LW | June Meridian | Mean Sour water | 75° W | | h. m. | h. m. | ft | ft | -3.19 |-3.-03 | +0.3 | 0.0 | 1.23 [[/table]] [[table]] Interval [[strikethrough]] Interval [[/strikethrough]] | Range of Tide mean | tropic | Mean | Spring | Neap | Great Tropic HW1 | LW1 | HHW1 | LLW1 | h m | h m | h m | h m | ft | ft | ft | ft 3-15 | 10-10 | 3.27 b | 9-52a | 1.5 | 1.7 | 1.3 | 1.6 [[/table]]
[[underlined]] Fairhaven, Herrg Bay - Chesapeak Bay. [[/underlined]] Lat. 38° 45' N Long { arc 76' 33' { Time 5 h. 06 m. Stand as pat of Defence - Baltimore Page 99. [[underlined]] Tidal differences [[/underlined]] Time
[[underlined]] Blackiston Id. [[/underlined]] Md Standard [[underlined]] Washn [[/underlined]] [[underlined]] June [[Height?]] [[/underlined]] H W | L. W. | H W | L. W h m | h m | [[br?]] | [[br?]] -6 - 20 | - 6 - 30 | - 1. 0 | 0. 0 [[line]] Colonial Beach, Va Standard : [[underlined]] Washn [[/underlined]] [[table]] Time H W | L.W | H W | L W h m | h m | ?[[br]] | [[br?]] -5 -56 | -6 -01 | -1.2 | 0.0 [[/table]]
13 - 52 3 - 19 [[line]] 10 - 33 am 13 - 11 3 - 3 [[line]] 10.8 19 - 35 3 - 19 [[line]] 16 - 16 4 122 15[[overwritten]] 7 [[/overwritten]] 8 50 6 [[divided by symbol]] 330 [[line]] 55 90 [[w?]] 10 Cl 22 Sew 6 mi 2.5 5 gas [[line]] 135 10 int 10 fuel [[line]] 155 55 [[line]] 210 480
[[table]] [[two main columns]] [[main column headers]] [[underlined]] Baltimore [[/underlined]] Fairhaven (Chesapeake Beach) [[/main column headings]] [[first column - Baltimore has 6 sub-columns. The first shows which data relates to a Sunday, the second is the date of the week, and the next four show the time of the tides and sometimes the height of the tides]] [[a vertical line dissects the third and fourth sub-columns until Oct 12, then from Oct 13 dissects the four than fifth sub-columns until Oct 20, then dissects the fifth and sixth sub-columns and from Oct 28 runs vertically down to the end of the column]] [[first column]] [[underlined]] Baltimore [[underlined]] 1905. October | 7 |{ [[underline]] 1.17 [[/underline]] | 7.53 | 13.52 | 20.00 | |{ 1.2 | 0.2 | 0.9 | 0.2 Sun | 8 |{ [[underline]] 2.20 [[/underline]] | 8.54 | 14.57 | 21.08 | |{ 1.1 | 0.2 | 1.0 | 0.2 | 9 |{ [[underline]] 3.22 [[/underline]] | 9.50 | 15.58 | 22.10 | |{ 1.1 | 0.1 | 1.0 | 0.2 | 10 |{ [[underline]] 4.18 [[/underline]] | 10.39 | 16.50 | 23.08 | |{ 1.1 | 0.1 | 1.1 | 0.2 | 11 |{ [[underline]] 5.05 [[/underline]] | 11.22 | 17.35 | 33.57 | 12 | [[underline]] 5.50 [[/underline]] | 12.00 | 18.17 | [[line: no data]] | 13 | 0.41 | [[underline]] 6.30 [[/underline]] | 12.37 | [[underline]] 18.55 [[/underline]] | 14 | 1.22 | [[underline]] 7.05 [[/underline]] | 13.11 | [[underline]] 19.35 [[/underline]] Sun | 15 | 0.41 | [[underline]] 6.30 [[/underline]] | 12.37 | [[underline]] 18.55 [[/underline]] | 16 | 2.35 | [[underline]] 8.15 [[/underline]] | 14.23 | [[underline]] 20.53 [[/underline]] | 17 | 3.13 | [[underline]] 8.50 [[/underline]] | 15.04 | [[underline]] 21.28 [[/underline]] | 18 | 3.52 | [[underline]] 9.33 [[/underline]] | 15.47 | [[underline]] 22.22 [[/underline]] | 19 | 4.35 | [[underline]] 10.21 [[/underline]] | 16.34 | [[underline]] 23.10 [[/underline]] | 20 | 5.23 | [[underline]] 11.15 [[/underline]] | 17.27 | [[line: no data]] | 21 | [[underline]] 0.02 [[/underline]] | 6.16 | [[underline]] 12.15 [[/underline]] 18.27 SUN | 22 | [[underline]] 0.56 [[/underline]] | 7.11 | [[underline]] 13.20 [[/underline]] 19.30 | 23 | [[underline]] 1.53 [[/underline]] | 8.08 | [[underline]] 14.22 [[/underline]] 20.36 | 24 | [[underline]] 2.15 [[/underline]] | 9.02 | [[underline]] 15.20 [[/underline]] 21.39 | 25 | [[underline]] 3.45 [[/underline]] | 9.55 | [[underline]] 16.15 [[/underline]] 22.35 | 26 | [[underline]] 4.37 [[/underline]] | 10.45 | [[underline]] 17.06 [[/underline]] 23.30 | 27 | [[underline]] 5.25 [[/underline]] | 11.34 | [[underline]] 17.57 [[/underline]] [[line: no data]] | 28 | 0.21 | [[underline]] 6.14 [[/underline]] | 12.20 | [[underline]] 15.46 [[/underline]] SUN | 29 | 1.13 | [[underline]] 7.00 [[/underline]] | 13.07 | [[underline]] 19.32 [[/underline]] | 30 | 2.00 | [[underline]] 7.48 [[/underline]] | 13.53 | [[underline]] 20.22 [[/underline]] | 31 | 2.48 | [[underline]] 8.36 [[/underline]] | 14.40 | [[underline]] 21.10 [[/underline]] [[/first column]] [[second main column: Fairhaven has four sub-columns, the first blank, the next three showing the name of the month]] [[second main column: sub-column headings]] October | November | December [[/second main column subheadings]] [[within columns for each month, there are two further sub-columns]] L.W. | HW | ]] [[Data for Fairhaven start on October 14. There are no data for November or December for Fairhaven]] [[second column]] October | November | December L.W | HW | L.W. | HW | LW | HW [[14]] | {10.8 | 3.46 | | | | | {22.57 |16.16 | | | | [[15]] | {23.32 |16.53 | | | | | {10.44 |4.21 | | | | [[16]] |{[[line: no data]] | 4.21 | | | | |{11.20 | 17.34 | | | | [[17]] |{0.10 | | | | | |{12.01 | | | | | [[18]] |{0.49 | | | | | |{12.44 | | | | | [[19]] |{1.32 | | | | | |{13.31 | | | | | [[20]] |{2.20 | | | | | |{14.24 | | | | | [[21]] |{3.13 | [[line: no data]] | | | | |{15.24 | 8.56 | | | | [[/second column]]
[[preprinted]] SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM WASHINGTON, D. c. [[/preprinted]] November 11, 1907. Ward's Natural Science Establishment, Rochester, New York. Gentlemen:- Referring to our previous correspondence relative to the skull of a fossil cetacean, which Dr. True wished to secure, I have now to state as follows:- It will apparently be impossible for the Museum to purchase the skull before the close of the fiscal year, and even then I can promise nothing certain. I want to suggest, therefore, that you allow us to obtain the skull by exchange for other materials through Mr. E. E. Howell, of this city, and that you look to him for an equivalent. We have no fault to find with the price, and I only regret that I have to resort to such a subterfuge to obtain it. Please drop me a line and I will then lay the matter before the Assistant Secretary for approval. Yours very truly, ^[[Geo. P. Merrill]] Head Curator of Geology. [[insertion]] [[underline]] ^[[OVER]] [[/underline]] [[upsidedown]] ^[[Cebus 14220 8]] [[underline]] ^[[Hylobates 1131795]] [[/underline]] [[/upsidedown]] [[/insertion]]
My dear Prof True, What shall I say to Dr Merrill? You probably remember the circumstances. I told you that I had seen this skull while I was in the South last Winter. You express a desire to examine it & I borrowed it and sent it on to you. Then you thought the Museum should purchase it - and I tried to get a price set upon it. Failing in this I offered, I think it was, ten dollars for it. This was accepted & I sent you a bill for just what it cost. There was not a penny for us in the whole transaction. It was entirely as an accommodation to you that I did anything about it - Now we don't want to take something from Howell to pay for it. We will let the [[ofer?]] run for any reasonable time or you may return the skull. In the latter case I think you would pay the expense changes mentioned in my letter Sincy yours Frank W Hardy
[[preprinted]] Mit dem Ausdruck besten Dankes für Ihre freundliche Zusendung von [[/preprinted]] Description of a new Genius & species of fossil seal from the miocene of Maryland. [[preprinted]] Eerbeek, [[/preprinted]] 19 [[superscript]] th [[/superscript]] July [[preprinted]] 190 [[/preprinted]] 6 [[preprinted]] grüsst hochachtungsvollst Prof. MAX WEBBER. [[/preprinted]]
[[postage stamp - red ink image of a queen's head in profile and the caption: '5 NEDERLAND Ct.']] [[primary postmark over stamp: 3-R - 8 # BEBB [[illegible]] ]] [[secondary postmark: WASHINGTON, D.C. RECD JUL 29 1906]] [[preprinted]] BRIEFKAART (CARTE POSTALE) ALGEMEENE POSTVEREENIGING (UNION POSTALE UNIVERSELLE) Zijde voer her adres bestemd. (Côté réservé à l'adress). [[/preprinted]] Frederick W. True Esq. Head Curator Depart. of Biology United States National Museum. [[underlined]] Washington [[/underlined]] City U.S. America
Brit. Mus. (N.H.) Nov. 24th. 1908. Many thanks for interesting paper on the classification of the Cetacea. [[underlined]] A. Smith Woodward [[/underlined]]
[[preprinted]] POST CARD UNIVERSAL POSTAL UNION [[image: Royal Coat of Arms of the UK]] CARTE POSTALE UNION POSTALE UNIVERSELLE GREAT BRITAIN & IRELAND [[image: Edward VII One penny stamp]] [[/preprinted]] [[image: Kensington postmark dated November 25 1908]] Dr. Frederick W. True, U.S. National Museum, [[underlined]] Washington [[/underlined]]. D.C. U.S.A.
[[preprinted]] POST CARD UNIVERSAL POSTAL UNION [[image: Royal Coat of Arms of the UK]] CARTE POSTALE UNION POSTALE UNIVERSELLE GREAT BRITAIN & IRELAND THIS SIDE FOR THE ADDRESS [[image: Edward VII One penny stamp]] [[/preprinted]] [[image: postmark dated Dec 12 1907 10 PM]] Dr. F. W. True, U.S. National Museum, [[underlined]] Washington [[/underlined]]. D.C. U.S.A.
British Museum (N.H.) Dec. 2nd. 1907. Many thanks for interesting paper on [[underlined]] Anoploncosa fricipata. [[/underlined]] [[underlined]] A. Smith Woodward [[/underlined]]
[[preprinted]] POST CARD UNIVERSAL POSTAL UNION [[image: Royal Coat of Arms of the UK]] CARTE POSTALE UNION POSTALE UNIVERSELLE GREAT BRITAIN & IRELAND THIS SIDE FOR THE ADDRESS [[image: Edward VII One penny stamp]] [[/preprinted]] [[image: Washington D.C. postmark dated May 2 1907, 2 AM]] [[image: South Kensington postmark dated April 22 1907, 7 PM]] Dr. Frederick W. True, U.S. National Museum, [[underlined]] Washington [[/underlined]]. D.C. U.S.A.
British Museum (N.H.) April 22nd. 1907 Many thanks for interesting memoir on [[underline]] Agorophius pygmaeus [[/underline]]. With kind regards. [[underline]] A. Smith Woodward [[/underline]]
British Museum (N.H.) May 15th, 1908 Many thanks for interesting paper on [[underlined]] Schizadelphis [[/underlined]] and [[underlined]] Priscodelphinus [[/underlined]]. A. Smith Woodward
[[preprinted]] POST CARD UNIVERSAL POSTAL UNION [[image: crest]] CARTE POSTALE UNION POSTALE UNIVERSELLE GREAT BRITAIN & IRELAND THIS SIDE FOR THE ADDRESS [[image: One penny stamp]] [[/preprinted]] [[image: postmark with text "Washington S.O.S.W 9.30PM May 18 08"]] Dr. Frederick W. True, U.S. National Museum, [[underlined]] Washington [[/underlined]]. D.C. U.S.A.
[[preprinted]] SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM S.P. LANGLEY Secretary, Smithsonian Institution RICHARD RATHBUN Assistant Secretary, in charge of U.S. National Museum WASHINGTON, D.C., [[/preprinted]] July 1, 1904. Dear Dr. True: I want to suggest to you the possibility of your undertaking to describe and monograph the Zeuglodon remains in the section of vertebrate paleontology of this department. This is a matter which we have often discussed, and it would seem to me that the present time is very opportune for our making any arrangement you may desire -- this for reasons you will readily understand. Moreover, as you are aware, Mr. Schuchert, who collected these remains, will shortly leave us for New Haven, and I am, of course, anxious that he should write up the geological part before he becomes too involved in his work in connection with the University. I shall be pleased to consult with you on the subject at any time you desire. Yours very truly, ^[[Geo. P. Merrill]] Head Curator, Department of Geology. Dr. F. W. True, Curator, Department of Biology, U.S.National Museum.
[[preprinted]] SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION. UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. [[line]] [[/preprinted]] See milk dentition of Fur Seal. Is it not like [[underlined]] Zeuglodon [[/underlined]]? [[line across page]] See Allen on this point & on position of e acromion of scapula Also Marie TC. on the osteology & myology of these sea lions
Ca'ing whale (Name) < Nature, Feb. 18, 1904, 370