Field notes, Minnesota, Michigan, and Canada, December 11-16, 1891 and Missouri and Kansas, June 20-July 19, 1892

ID: SIA RU007267

Creator: Bailey, Vernon, 1864-1942

Form/Genre: Fieldbook record

Date: 1891-1892

Citation: Vernon Bailey Papers, 1889-1941 and undated, field notes and journals, 1889-1941

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This item contains lists of plant and animal scientific names generated by Bailey with some narrative journal entries beginning in Elk River, Minnesota and ending in Cedar Vale, Kansas. Entries include more localities in these two states and localities in Michigan, Canada, Missouri. The notebook also contains a few geological drawings.

Date Range


Start Date

Dec 11, 1891

End Date

Jul 19, 1892

Access Information

Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at


  • Animals
  • Birds
  • Mammalogy
  • Plants
  • Ornithology
  • Botany


  • Canada
  • United States
  • Missouri
  • Minnesota
  • Kansas
  • Michigan


  • Fieldbook record
  • Field notes

Accession #

SIA RU007267

Collection name

Vernon Bailey Papers, 1889-1941 and undated, field notes and journals, 1889-1941

Physical Description

1 field book

Physical Location

Smithsonian Institution Archives


Box 1 Folder 6

[[Front cover]] 1891
bottom of room 212 Top of fall 273 Waterfall [[overwritten]] 2 [[overwritten]] 30 ft. [[line across page]] Lepus s, [[male symbol]] 420 x 38 x 94 [[Chetopa?]], Kan. July 15, [[line across page]] [[underlined]] Prairie dogs, at [[/underlined]] Salina, Salina Co. Kan. Wellington, Summer Co., " [[Ditto for: Kan.]] Hutchinson, Reno Co. " [[Ditto for: Kan.]] Columbus, Neb. [[end page]] [[start page] [[5#?]] [[double underlined]] Field Notes [[/double underlined]] Vernon Bailey U.S. Dpt. of Agt. Perodipus, Bell Plane N.E. 3 m ' Prill
[[Mercula?]] 7 [[cherries?]], 1 [[buth?]], 1 [[wom?]] [[Harporkgrandus?]], 7 [[cherries?]] about 20 [[buth?]] [[end page]] [[start page]] Dec, 1[[overwritten]] 0 [[/overwritten]]1, 1891. [[line across page]] Left Elk River at 5:20 A.M. Train poked and waited & did not reach St. Paul till 7:30 Had 20 minutes to go up town & get ticket & back to depot & got trunk checked. Was just 4 minutes late and last the 7:50 train. We had to wait till 7:30 P.M. for next train - could have gone at 1 P.M. by other R.R. but had tickets by the C. St. P. M. & O. Went to Delicatessens Restaurant & paid a big price for a poor breakfast. Waited at Depo till after noon.
then went around town. Went out to capitol & through lower part of it. Saw a lot of old tattered flags mostly taken in battle and of Minn. regiments. The Capitol is of red brick, very plain, looks like a school building. Is not nearly so nice as the state houses of Calif. & Colorado. Went up on hill N. of statehouse & looked over town. Could see a large part of St. Paul - very smoky. Pioneer Russ building seems to be the highest in this part of town, about 12 stories Counted 30 church spires from top of hill. [[end page]] [[start page]] Could not see far it was so smoky - Central Presbyterian ch. is one of the spires I saw - Convent of Visitation is large. Nice houses on the hill. Both cable & electric cars - passer domesticus com. in streets - Saw the Hotel Ryan - No snow on ground at home or at Minn. A sharp, frosty morning ground froze - A clear day, thawed in sunshine -
[[underlined]] Dec. 12 [[/underlined]] Woke up at daylight from a good sleep in a soft springy berth. Were on the prairies of S.E. Wis. Soon reached Janesville. Train was delayed 2 hours in night - Country gently rolling prairie with groves of Jack oak bur oak Popple & Willow - Trees mostly along streams - Some marshes - Land mostly fenced. Good farm houses Small orchards - Hills rarely 40 feet high - Nice little towns A little snow in N slopes - [[end page]] [[start page]] Saw a Red squirrel - No Geomys hills - Country leveler & more trees as we get nearer Chicago - More snow than at home - Went a long way through suburbs of C - Followed along river River full of ships - larger than I expected N.Wn. Depo is fairly good - Transferred to M.C. Depo - an abominable shed. Had to wait from 11 to 12:20 - Tramped around town some - looked at boats Saw some tall houses over 18 stories - or tiers of windows
streets narrow & crowded. Teams jammed in a [[row?]] Pavements rough stone. Streets wet & muddy. Town full of smoke. Everything black & dirty - The Tremont is a handsome block - is the Gough Estate. Only 7 or 8 stories, but very nice - of iron & stone, heavily moulded - painted gray - Drugstore - Hardware, & other stores in basement - Saw 2 Passerines for sale in a basket for 75¢ each - were very fat. [[end page]] [[start page]] Followed along shore of lake - some ice out in one place - a lot of ducks in lake. Followed lake shore only a few miles in town - then out in jack oak & marsh country Old beach ridges 8 or 10 feet high follows parallel with lake shore & R.R.. a series of them along both sides of track - A strip of sand dunes well covered with grass & scrub oak (Jack & white oak) and a scrub pine - Marshes & sloughs Few houses & farms - most of the land grown up to brush or in woods & meadows. Sandy & poor
Would like to work the sand dunes along Lake shore - out to get some new things in them [[underlined]] Michigan City [[/underlined]] is a good point to work sand dunes big bare drifts 75 ft high. Strike the lake again - Past Michigan City in Indiana. Woods, brush and swamps, Jack oak, white oak, black oak, 2 kinds of pine, Alders, Willows, Popples, small evergreen shrubs Log houses - Small fields, Rail fences - Low damp ground & must be unhealthy [[end page]] [[start page]] Near Michigan line more woods - larger trees beech & elm & ash - no pine. Better farms, all winter wheat - Tamarac swamps - [[underlined]] Niles [[/underlined]] Same kind of country to [[strikethrough]] [[overwritten]] Cassapolis [[/overwritten]] Lawton [[/strikethrough]] [[underlined]] Lawton [[/underlined]] Big black ash & tamarac swamps, walnut, hicory beech, sycamore & a large pine; only few pines more hilly near - [[underlined]] Kalamazoo [[/underlined]] Prett[[strikethrough]] y [[/strikethrough]]ies little depo I ever saw at Kalamazoo - & a boat on flat car Just like mine - to be - [[underlined]] Battle Creek [[/underlined]] dusk -
Reached Jackson at 5:30 P.M. at dark. It is Saturday & no train for Manchester till Monday - Went to Commercial Hotel & staid over night Arrainged with a man to take us to Manchester with team in morning. [[underlined]] Dec. 13 Sunday [[/underlined]] Had a good nights sleep. Started at 7. A.M. just sunrise. A clear, frosty morning ground froze & rough Had a good rig & team. Came through some little villages, Michigan Centre, Napoleon & Norval Good farms all [[end page]] [[start page]] along, worn fences. fields of nice winter wheat, clover & orchards. Some good sized lakes & creeks - not many marshes - Timber all in small fields or lots. Walnut & hicory, White oak, Black oak, beech & maple & sycamore & elm & Basswood & ironwood - Country all fenced & improved - Small flocks of sheep - good good wrinkley merinos. Reached Uncle Wills at 11 A.M. Surprised them some. Lute & Alice were gone over to Berts - came back about 4 P.M.
& Maggie with them. The old Stone school house lookes very natural. Found that I had a correct idea of the lay of the country & where some of the neighbors lived & fields, roads & fences, Jim Taylor & his wife Mary & 2 girls Lotty & Maud were at Uncle Wills. Lute & Alice & Maggie were all strangers to me, but were soon acquainted. I like Lutes children Maud is about 10 Matie & Clarance a few years younger "Bobby" can just talk Her name is Minnie [[end page]] [[start page]] [[underlined]] Dec. 14 Monday [[/underlined]] Went down where old house used to be. Buildings are all gone but the place looks very natural. George Martin's woods are just as they used to be. Part of the dam is there, pond all down, old springs dried up. The old Smoke house is the only building left. Some of the apple trees are still alive. The ponds & old fences look natural Went over to Lutes to dinner & over to Bert Halls after. Rained some most all day
Went up to town in evening to take train for Jackson. Reached Jackson at 10:30 & went to bed. [[underlined]] Dec. 15 [[/underlined]] Left Jackson at daylight [[underlined]] Grass Lake [[/underlined]], a pretty little town [[underlined]] Chelsie [[/underlined]] Nice farms, level tracts, gently rolling. short steep hills, sand & clay soils, stones thick in places Well marked glacial surface Probably a terminal moraine form Manchester south [[end page]] [[start page]] Couldnt tell which was University at Ann arbor. suppose I saw it Ann arbor is a nice town. Reached [[underlined]] Ditroit [[/underlined]] [[Detroit]] at 10 Crossed river on iron steamer - train ran on boat in two parts. Engine did not cross - 3 tracks on deck, each long enough for 4 passenger coaches or 3 vestabule coaches. Got off & road across on deck, crossed quickly, about 5 minutes. River not very wide. So foggy could not see across. Landed at [[underlined]] Windsor [[/underlined]] in Canada
Reached [[underlined]] St Thomas [[/underlined]] at noon. From Windsor country all level, flat, muddy. Lots of good timber, stumpy fields, fences, all rail. Much like Michegan, but flatter & more timber & smaller fields. All long wooled sheep. Heavy clay soil. Too flat & damp to be healthy. Foggy & rainy - East of St. Thomas, higher, more rolling & better farms - Some evergreen beings on east side of St. Thomas seems to be a cedar or spruce or hemlock - is common [[end page]] [[start page]] Crossed the canal at [[underlined]] Welland [[/underlined]] Rained all day. foggy & dark. Reached [[underlined]] Niagara Falls [[/underlined]] a few minutes before dark. Had a good view of them from the Canada side. Looked down on them from high bank above. Crossed Suspension Bridge below falls & over rapids Dark when we came into Niagara Falls Village at east end of falls. Went to Western Hotel, a good $2.00 house
[[underlined]] Dec. 16 [[/underlined]] A clear morning with a little snow and ice on everything. Took a carriage to the falls. The fellow charged a 25¢ & took me around a mile to reach the falls some 20 rods from hotel - Went down the stairway to foot of falls Stones were so icy I could hardly stand. A cloud of spray rolls up from the fall & is like rain for a long way off. There is always a rainbow in it when the sun shines. Went over on Bath Id. toward Goat Id. the 3 sisters & to [[end page]] [[start page]] all the points of special interest - Went down a winding stair about 75 feet & to Cave of the winds. did not dare go under the falls far, the rocks & stair were so icy it seemed dangerous. There are not many visitors now & some places are closed. The steamer, Maid of the Mists, is in a dry dock on bank. The rapids above the falls for about 1/4 mile fall from 40 to 55 feet. They are a series of low falls. They begin at upper end of Goats Is. The fall is clear from
an abrupt jump off at top to river bed below. 170 feet one man told me. The water does not fall as a solid body but a mass of drops. It breaks into drops soon after going over the ridge & the whool front of the falls looks like snow - "The waves looked as soft as carded wool But the cruel rocks gored his sides like the horns of an angry bull" Water seems to go over in chunks & break into drops from the outside of chunks, the center falling faster & forming a cone with point down [[end page]] [[start page]] At Cave of the Winds the water strikes so close to your feet, it give the most impressive effect of any place. The roar & show of power are immense. [[underlined]] Geology [[/underlined]] The rock at top of falls is a [[strikethrough]] soft [[/strikethrough]] sandstone, or sandy mudstone - quite hard, looks like a brown limestone In places is the color of limestone & may contain lime but also fine sand. At bottom of Am. Falls at Cave of Winds the rock is soft shale, easily chewed. It is chunky & thick layers kind of mud shale.
Just above the soft shale in harder rock are chunks of spar formed in cavities - the rock in water power tunnel below falls at level of river is hard almost quartzite. The whole river channel is of horizontal stratified rock of different hardness as those described. The shape & wear of falls depends on kind of rock at edge. The Rapids being a mile below falls & are very rapid - as good as those in the Grand Cañon. [[end page]] [[start page]] A cavon 200 feet deep runs some 2 miles below the falls - I don't know how much farther - It is mostly perpendicular, as wide at bottom as top - White Cedar & Hemlock & birch & junipers stick along sides of a cañon where there is any chance - The islands are all state reservations Goat Is. is all natural woods, about 40 acres The trees & shrubs are some like ours & some like species south of us & some that range N. of us - [[strikethrough]] Progne subis, com [[/strikethrough]]
[[underlined]] Goat & Sister Is. [[/underlined]] Basswood Popple Ironwood Hard Maple Soft " [[Ditto for: Maple]] Beech Sycamore Bur oak Black oak 2 Elms Sumache Hemlock White Cedar Pinus Juniperus Ground hemlock? White birch Black " [[Ditto for: birch]] Celastrus scandens Euonymus Grape [[end page]] [[start page]] [[blank page]]
[[blank page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] [[blank page]]
[[blank page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] Galena, Mo. [[underlined]] June 20, 1892 [[/underlined]] Quercus alba, abn " [[Ditto for: Quercus]] nigra abn " [[Ditto for: Quercus]] coccinea ? com " [[Ditto for: Quercus]] c. tinctoria ? com " [[Ditto for: Quercus]] rubra com " [[Ditto for: Quercus]] muehlenbergii com " [[Ditto for: Quercus]] m. prinoides com " [[Ditto for: Quercus]] obtusiloba ? com Juglans cinerea com " [[Ditto for: Juglans]] nigra " [[Ditto for: com]] Carya alba " [[Ditto for: Carya]] Fraxinus americanus, com Acer saccharinum, com " [[Ditto for: Acer]] dasycarpum, a few " [[Ditto for: Acer]] Platanus occidentalis, com Nyssa multiflorum, com Catalpa bignonioides, com
Prunus serotina, 1 tree " [[Ditto for: Prunus ]] (plum) com. " [[Ditto for: Prunus (plum)]] Carpinus americanus, a few Negundo aceroides Alums alata, com " [[Ditto for: Alums]] fulva ? " [[Ditto for: Alums]] americana? Gladitschia tricauthos Cornus " [[Ditto for: Cornus]] Vibernum prunifolium, com " [[Ditto for: Vibernum]] lantanoides, com. Pinus nirtis, at Marble Cave. Rhus glabrum (J.) abn. " [[Ditto for: Rhus]] aromtica, " [[Ditto for: abn.]] " [[Ditto for: Rhus]] toxicodendron [[strikethrough]] ? [[/strikethrough]] " [[Ditto for: abn.]] Vacciuium Gaylussacia Aesculus [[strikethrough]] [[?]] [[/strikethrough]] ? glabra, com Sambucus Sassafras officinale [[end page]] [[start page]] Rosa setigera abn. physocarpus opulifolius, abn Eryngium yuccafolium, com. Rattle Sna[[ke?]] Staphylea trifolia Bladder Nut Monarda fistulosa. c.. Horse Mi[[nt?]] Zephrosia virginiana, abn. Pea Petalostemon violaceus, Prairie C[[lover?]] Clematis pitcheri 1 plant Rubus Fragaria virginica Corylus americanus, com. Ceanothus americanus, abn Phytalacca decandia, com Circis occidentalis, com. Diospyros virginiana, com. Asiniva papaw. abn Vitis Juniperus virginianus Amelanchier Podophyllum peltatum Desmodium acuminatum, Trillium sessile
Convolvulus sepium Rubus villosus B. berry. " [[Ditto for: Rubus]] Canadensis. Dewberry. Tecoma radicans Plantago lanceolata Rudbeckia fulgida Coreopsis pubescens or auriculata Tillia a few Rhus copallina, com Gleditsehia triacanthos, a few [[end page]] [[start page]] [[underlined]] Birds [[/underlined]] [[underlined]] Marble Cave, Mo. [[/underlined]] [[underlined]] June 23 -27. [[/underlined]] Buteo borealis 2 Bubo Virginianns 1 Cathartes aura, com. [[strikethrough]] Galipavio [[/strikethrough]] Turkey, com. 4 seen. Calinus virginianus com. 4 seen Zenaidura macroura, com. Passinger Pigeon, said to [[strikethrough]] be com [[/strikethrough]] occ[[al?]] Whippoorwill heard - Night Hawk a few - Driobates Trochilus colubris, com. Contopus virens, com. Cyanoscitta cristata, com. Corvus americanus, heard- Parynga rubra, 2 Piranga erythromelas, a few Icteria virens, com Vireo olivaceus, com. " [[Ditto for: Vireo]] novabaracensis
[[underlined]] Marble Cave, Mo. [[/underlined]] [[underlined]] June 27 [[/underlined]] Parius atricapillus 3, 1 killed. Spizella pusilla 3, 1 killed. Passerina cyanea, com Geothlypis formosus, com Mniotitta varia 1 Parius bicolor, com. Melanerpes carolinus, nest. Empidonax 1 killed Turdus Polioptila cerulea, 1 [[underlined]] June 28 [[/underlined]] Spizella socialis, 1 killed " [[Ditto for: Spizella]] pusilla 4, 1 killed. Sitta carolinensis, com. Spinus tristis, a few. [[underlined]] June 30 [[/underlined]] Compsothlypis americana, com. Dendroisa discolor, com, Seiurus, ad. & yg. Chordeiles virginianus, 1 yg. Helmitheros vermivorus 1 Myiarchus crinitis, com. [[end page]] [[start page]] [[underlined]] Golden City, Mo. [[/underlined]] [[underlined]] July 10. [[/underlined]] Coccyzus 3 on maples (for worms?) [[strikethrough]] Turdus [[/strikethrough]] Merula migratoria, com. old & young. Colaptes auratus 2 Galeos coptes carolinensis Spiza americana, abn. Tyrannus tyrannus, com Spizella socialis, 1 Sturnella com. Passer domesticus, com. in town Prognesubis com. Hirundo erythrogaster.
Golden City, Mo. [[underlined]] July 11 [[/underlined]] Aegilais phoeniceus, com nest of 3 eggs. Quiscalus Harporhynchus rufus, com. yg. Icteria virens, com. Icterus spurius, com. Passerina cyanea, 1 Dendroica aestiva 1 [[male symbol]] Redstart 1 [[male symbol]] Seiurus auricapillus 1 killed Corvus americanus heard Spinus tristis, com. Sialia sialis , a few - Geothlypis trachis 1 [[male symbol]] [[com?]] Vireo noveboracensis, 2. [[underlined]] July 12 [[/underlined]] Vireo bellis 2 Cathartes aura, com. Minus pollyglottos 1 Lanius Zenaidura Macroura, com [[end page]] [[start page]] Empidonax acadica, ? 2 [[overwritten]] 1 [[/overwritten]] s. Chordestes grammca 1 Little Heron 1. Cyanascitta cristata, com. Geothlnpis formosus, several.
Golden City, Mo. [[underlined]] July 12. 92 - [[/underlined]] Quercus cocchinea, com. " [[Ditto for: Quercus]] rubra, " [[Ditto for: com.]] " [[Ditto for: Quercus]] obtusiloba.? " [[Ditto for: com.]] " [[Ditto for: Quercus]] mulhenbergii " [[Ditto for: com.]] " [[Ditto for: Quercus]] macrocarpa " [[Ditto for: com.]] Jaylans nigra, com Carya " [[Ditto for: com]] Ulmus americana " [[Ditto for: com]] Cercis occidentalis " [[Ditto for: com]] Morus rubra " [[Ditto for: com]] Vitis " [[Ditto for: com]] Staphylea trifolia " [[Ditto for: com]] Corylus americanus " [[Ditto for: com]] Carpinus americanus Platanus occidentalis " [[Ditto for: com]] Salix Diaspiros " [[Ditto for: com]] Gliditschia tricanthos " [[Ditto for: com]] Fraxinus americanus " [[Ditto for: com]] [[end page]] [[start page]] Rubus canadensis com " [[Ditto for: Rubus]] villosus " [[Ditto for: com]] Ribes gracile " [[Ditto for: com]] Osage orange " [[Ditto for: com]] Prunus serotina " [[Ditto for: com]] Betula " [[Ditto for: com]] Tecoma radicans " [[Ditto for: com]] Ulmus fulva " [[Ditto for: com]] Viburnum prunifolium " [[Ditto for: com]] Cornus " [[Ditto for: com]] Carya alba - " [[Ditto for: com]] Sambucus canadensis " [[Ditto for: com]] Rhus glabra " [[Ditto for: com]] " [[Ditto for: Rhus]] copallina " [[Ditto for: com]] " [[Ditto for: Rhus]] Acer dasycarpum " [[Ditto for: com]] Phytolacca decandra " [[Ditto for: com]] Rudbeckia " [[Ditto for: com]] Acsclepias tuberosa " [[Ditto for: com]] Menispermum canadense Rubus occidentalis a few Euonymus atropurpureus
Quercus macrocarpa Petalostemon violasea, com. [[end page]] [[start page]] [[underlined]] Liberal [[/underlined]] Mo, July 14, 92 Coal, clay soil, weedy prairie, a few hills & rocks. Not many farms, 5:30 P.M. [[underlined]] Minden [[/underlined]] A mining town on flat prairie no farms, all pasture & wild praire sheep & cattle splendid grass, level, no trees
Chetopa, Kansas [[underlined]] July 15 [[/underlined]] Cotinus virginlanus com Zenaidura macroura " [[Ditto for: com]] Colaptes auratus, heard Aegilites vocifera, 1 Tyrannus tyrannus, com Milvulus forficatus 1 Cyanocitta cristata, com Corrus Americanus 3 Qiuscalus aenus? com Sturnella magna, abn Spinus tristis, com. Spiza americana " [[Ditto for: com]] Lanius 2 Chelidon erythrogaster, com Progne subis " [[Ditto for: com]] Mimus pollyalottos 1 Merula migratoria, com. Petrochelidon lunifrons " [[Ditto for: com]] Icteria virens com Vireo bellii com Cardinalis cardinalis 3 [[end page]] [[start page]] Sialia sialis Harporhynchus rufus, com Passer domestica 6, 2, m, out Icterus spurus com Turdus mustilenus, heard
[[underlined]] Chitopa, [[/underlined]] Kansas [[underlined]] July 15 [[/underlined]], 15 1892 Populus angulata, com Osage orange " [[Ditto for: com]] Catalpa - abn. in town " [[Ditto for: com]] Populus (Lombardy) Morus Rubus villosus ? com Juglans nigra Acer dasycarpum. com Sambucus canadensis " [[Ditto for: com]] Phytolacca Decandra " [[Ditto for: com]] Celtis occidentalis " [[Ditto for: com]] Ulmus americanus " [[Ditto for: com]] Negundo aceroides " [[Ditto for: com]] Salix " [[Ditto for: com]] Platanus occidentalis " [[Ditto for: com]] Fraxinus " [[Ditto for: com]] Gleditsia triacanthos " [[Ditto for: com]] Rhus toxicodendron, " [[Ditto for: com]] Tecoma radicans [[end page]] [[start page]] Coffeyville Kansas [[underlined]] July 16 [[/underlined]] Coliums virginlanus? com Bantams sandpiper 2 Tenaidusa macroma com Cathastes aura " [[Ditto for: com]] Zenaidura Macroura " [[Ditto for: com]] Corvus americanus, heard? Cyanocitta cristala, com Quiscalus [[aemus?]]? " [[Ditto for: com]] Sturnella magna, " [[Ditto for: com]] Passer domestica, " [[Ditto for: com]] Chordestes grammaca " [[Ditto for: com]] Spiza americana " [[Ditto for: com]] Ammodramus 2 Lanius 1 Otocoris, old & yg, com. Cardinalis cardinalis " [[Ditto for: com]] Merula migratoria " [[Ditto for: com]] Harporhynchus rufus " [[Ditto for: com]] Progne subis " [[Ditto for: com]] Chelidon erythrogaster " [[Ditto for: com]] Melanerpes erythrocephalus 1 July 17
[[underlined]] June 1[[overwritten]] 6 [[/overwritten]] 7 Coffyville [[/underlined]] Melanerpes erythrocephalus 1 [[line across page]] [[underlined]] Coffyville June 17 [[/underlined]] Populus angulata Quercus nigra " [[Ditto for: Quercus]] obtusiloba " [[Ditto for: Quercus]] coccinea? Juglans (nigra?) Carya alba " [[Ditto for: Carya]] tomentosa? Osage orange [[underlined]] [[Posue?]] [[/underlined]] Nelumbium luteum [[end page]] [[start page]] Cedar Vale, Kansas [[underlined]] July 18, 92 [[/underlined]] Ammodramus s. [[perfolliclus?]] com. skin saved.
[[blank page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] [[underlined]] July 19, Cedar Vale, Kansas [[/underlined]] Fraxinus verdis com. Quercus muehlenbergi com. " [[Ditto for: Quercus]] m. privoides " [[Ditto for: com.]] " [[Ditto for: Quercus]] macrocarpa " [[Ditto for: com.]] " [[Ditto for: Quercus]] coccinea " [[Ditto for: com.]] " [[Ditto for: Quercus]] stillata? " [[Ditto for: Quercus]] nigra " [[Ditto for: com.]] Astragalus corynocarpus, flax Rhus glabra " [[Ditto for Rhus]] copallina " [[Ditto for: com.]] Desmodium illinoesnse " [[Ditto for: com.]]
Hitchcock Richmond White Miss Clark Todd Lockwood Robin Edwards [[line across page]] S. 1 Bilineatus, July 12. 92 [[male symbol]] ins. wheat & 1 hopper 1/2 full [[female symbol]] " [[Ditto for: ins.]] wheat & small beetle, " [[Ditto for: 1/2 full]] [[female symbol]] " [[Ditto for: ins.]] flowers & herbage & hopper " [[Ditto for: 1/2 full]] [[end page]] [[start page]] [[underlined]] back edge of spring [[/underlined]] [[image - drawing of rectangular shape with figures drawn inside it]] 51 80 in 30 [[written vertically]] dirt line 56 [[/vertical]] [[?]] [[line]] clay 10
[[underlined]] John Mills to look up [[/underlined]] Turtles - fish send pines & all evergreens [[line across page]] 95 ft. back [[image - pencil drawing with lines and measurements of 34, 23, 16 1/2, 16 1/2 & 13]] Dirt removed 56 in in front, so floor at 66. [[end page]] [[start page]] Lupinus breweri silvery leaf. Lupinus brevicaulis little violet lupine - [[line across page]] [[underlined]] Mammal bones found in Marble Cave [[/underlined]] Procyon Urocyon Mephitis Spilogale Sitomys Neotoma Butterworth
[[underlined]] Chet to investigate [[/underlined]] - Collect all the oaks - shells 78 ft. back no animal passage [[image - pen sketch of cave labelled as below]] Open passage 21 1/2 20 [[line]] Hard crust 10 [[line]] Loose dirt & bones 5 to 7 [[line]] Clay rock & fissures full of bone dust 38 1/2 [[line]] 10 1/2 [[end page]] [[start page]] [[underlined]] Henry [[/underlined - Snakes & lizards & frogs [[image - pen sketch of cave with lines and labels]] 78ft 6:4 deep 20 31 1/2 Hard clay 10 12 7 loose dirt 7 to 4 Clay hard 28 [[strikethrough]] [[line]] [[animal dep.?]] [[/strikethrough]] [[underlined]] 10 1/2 [[/underlined]] 76 38 --- 38
3245 F St. N.W. - Bureau of Mexican Republics - Wash. Hon. Wm E Curtiss Marble Cave, Mo - June 28 4 P.M. at top 82° 5 " [[Ditto for: P.M.]] near spring 46° " " [[Dittos for: 5 P.M.]] spring water 46. Golden Cy. Barton Co. [[line across page]] [[strikethrough]] P. $1.00 O $1.15 .55 4.50 .10 1.15 [[/strikethrough]] Passerina [[female symbol]] 774x305x69 Feats 1/2 [[?]] 4/[[13?]] 1 [[image - dot surounded by 5 short lines and 3 dots]] [[strikethrough]] $1.55 ----- 9.25 [[/strikethrough]] [[end page]] [[start page]] 12 (85 7 N.W. Dickenson M.C. Conductor leaving Chicago at 12.20 [[line across page]] Mephitis, [[female symbol]] 600x260x68 July 1. Yeats; J 2/2, A. 2/2 P. 4/4 [[line across page]] Mephitis [[female symbol]] juv. 350x160x54 July 2. [[line across page]] Meph. [[male symbol]] juv. 360x164x54 [[line across page]] bottom of fall, 56° Salamander reom 58 - [[strikethrough]] 0. 2. [[underlined]] 5 [[/underlined]] L 1.50 Co P. .10 .40 [[vertically]] .25 .65 1.00 .75 .45 .15 ---- 3.25
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