Field notes, California and Colorado, October 19-November 12, 1891, and Washington, D.C., January 1892

ID: SIA RU007267

Creator: Bailey, Vernon, 1864-1942

Form/Genre: Fieldbook record

Date: 1891-1892

Citation: Vernon Bailey Papers, 1889-1941 and undated, field notes and journals, 1889-1941

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This field book contains dated specimen lists comprised of plant and animal scientific names and locality from Bailey's travels in California and Colorado in October and November of 1891. Entries begin at Auburn, Colorado on October 19, 1891 and end with an entry on a religious theme written at the First Congressional Church in Washington, D.C.

Date Range


Start Date

Oct 19, 1891

End Date

Jan 10, 1892

Access Information

Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at


  • Animals
  • Birds
  • Mammalogy
  • Plants
  • Ornithology
  • Botany


  • District of Columbia
  • United States
  • Colorado
  • California


  • Fieldbook record
  • Field notes

Accession #

SIA RU007267

Collection name

Vernon Bailey Papers, 1889-1941 and undated, field notes and journals, 1889-1941

Physical Description

1 field book

Physical Location

Smithsonian Institution Archives


Box 1 Folder 5

[[Front cover]] 1891
[[underlined]] 50 1/2 in - [[/underlined]] [[end page]] [[start page]] [[underlined]] Field Notes [[/underlined]] [[underlined]] 1891. [[/underlined]] Vernon Bailey Elk River, Minns. C.H.M 1919 16 st Palmer 1349 Q st. Dutcher 525 Manhattan Av. N.Y.C. Coville 3265 O. St. Washington
[[blank page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] [[underlined]] 1891 [[/underlined]] [[underlined]] Oct. 19 [[/underlined]] Came from Sacramento to Auburn - 36 miles.
Auburn Cal. [[underlined]] Oct. 20. [[/underlined]] [[underlined]] Plants [[/underlined]] Pinus sabiniana " [[Ditto for: Pinus]] ponderosa benthamiana Quercus douglasii " [[Ditto for: Quercus]] wislizenia " [[Ditto for: Quercus]] lobata " [[Ditto for: Quercus]] chrysolepis i " [[Ditto for: Quercus]] (platyphylla) Aesculus cal. " [[Ditto for: Aesculus]] (minor) Rhamnus Ceanothus Rhus diversoloba Wild Grape Laurel Willows Ferns [[end page]] [[start page]] Arctostaphylos p. plattyphylla Umbellularia com. Alnus rhombifolia Avena fatua Ceanothus (reticulata) Cameabatia foliolosa Pseudotsuga douglassii Acer with big leaves [[Circus?]] Cephalanthus Circocarpus parvifolia
Auburn. Cal. [[underlined]] Oct. 20 [[/underlined]] [[underlined]] Birds [[/underlined]] Harporhynchus Pipilo crissalis " [[Ditto for: Pipilo]] Zonatrichia Passerilla Aphlicoma Colaptes cafer Sphyrapicus thyroideus Turdus Driopotis stricklandi 1 Regulus Troglodytes Thyrothanus Catherpes [[underlined]] Oct. 22 [[/underlined]] Chondistes Chondistes 1 Coccothrastes 6 Callipepla cat. [[end page]] [[start page]] Psaltriparus Actitis macularis 1 Cinclus mex. 1 Buteo b. calurus Falco sparvenus
Auburn Cat. [[underlined]] Mammals [[/underlined]] Urocyon Mephitis Spilogale Sciurus fossor Spermophilus beecheyi Thriomys Herperomys 2 Arvicola Mus musculus Lepus cal. " [[Ditto for: Lepus]] trowbridgii Nyctoromys Deer tracks Coon tracks Neotoura Sorex Lynx Dipodops [[end page]] [[start page]] [[blank page]]
Oct. 25 Laurel & Ceanothus begin west of [[underlined]] Penryan [[/underlined]] Aeseulus at Penryan [[strikethrough]] and [[/strikethrough]] Rhamnus cal. at Rocklin & Lodi Soil hard & red Rock soft granite Quercus (wacrifolia) [[underlined]] Newcastle [[/undelrined]] Red soil, mixed rock, Arctostaphylos & Q. lobata [[underlined]] Auburn [[/underlined]] Same [[underlined]] Clipper Gap [[/underlined]] Pseudotsuga now begins 1 More P. Ponderosa Less P. sabinions [[Casnesbatia pholsera?]] [[end page]] [[start page]] [[underlined]] New England [[/underlined]] Mills A new short leaved Pine - P. lambertiana [[underlined]] Oct. 26 [[/underlined]] Colfax. [[underlined]] Plants at Colfax [[/underlined]] Pinus p. beuthainarria, com " [[Ditto for: Pinus]] lambertiana, [[Ditto for: com]] " [[Ditto for: Pinus]] sabinana, scarce Quercus (platyphylla) com. " [[Ditto for: Quercus]] chrysolepis com. " [[Ditto for: Quercus]] douglassii rare. " [[Ditto for: Quercus]] (small leaved bofia. scrubby) Arctostaphylos plalyphylla, abn Laurel, abn. Ceanothus, 2 same as lower - Rhamnus cal. com - Umbellularia, a few - com. Pseudotauga, com - N. Aesculus fla. abn. Chamaebatia foliolosa, abn Cercis, com
Rhus diversiloba com Herba santa com Aecs along streams Alnus rhombifolius " [[Ditto for: along streams]] Lipocedrus decurrens, a few grape, abn. [[end page]] [[start page]] Michigan Bluff Oct. 28 91. [[underlined]] Plants not at Colfax. [[/underlined]] Quercus (minimus) [[Ceanothus?]](caespitosus) Madrone Schittens wood Arctos. pungens, at Main Top. [[underlined]] Plants of Colfax not at Michigan B. [[/underlined]] Quercus douglasii " [[Ditto for: Quercus]] (small tree, lobed leaf. deciduous)
Oct. 29. Left Colfax at 3:30 P.M. [[underlined]] Gold Run [[/underlined]] Carothus (caespetosus), beings [[underlined]] Dutch Flat [[/underlined]] [[underlined]] Alta [[/underlined]] [[underlined]] Blue cavern [[/underlined]], dark - Crossed summit & stopped at Truckee [[end page]] [[start page]] October 30. [[underlined]] Truckee [[/underlined]] 7:45 A.M. Snowers ridge above, Cold. Ground froze, +22° Pinus ponderosa, var. " [[Ditto for: Pinus]] flexilis, not below Truckee Artemisia bidentata? Bigelovia Tetrydimia [[strikethrough]] Caleagins [[/strikethrough]] ? or Cowany's Arctostaphylos nevadensis. All basian plants - [[underlined]] Station [[/underlined]] Popples along stream [[underlined]] Bard [[/underlined]] Circocarpus ledifolius, abn Rocky Streams & ice - [[fords? ponds?]] Abies or picea a few in cañon. Juniperus only a few Thuja ocdentalis? scattering and scarce.
[[underlined]] Marwol [[/underlined]] marble works Verdi, a little Town Smooth sage brush hills at edge of Pines Ephedra (Verda) Sandstone Follow a large creek. Some good farms. Plenty of grass on hills [[underlined]] Rero [[/underlined]] Broader valley lots of grass & alkalie Atriplex confertifolia Sarcobatus Low lava Mts, covered with Artemisia Salt grass Shepherdia argentia Things dry & yellow [[end page]] [[start page]] Atriplex canescens Eurotia lanata [[Orogopais?]] Grayia pollygaloides Sandy & rocks Ephedra verda stops & Epedra nevadensis begins [[underlined]] Station [[/underlined]] Salizaria mex. com. [[underlined]] Wadsworth [[/underline]] [[underlined]] Big dry valley [[/undrlined]], sandy, no sage, dry soda flat. Vegetation scarity - Sarcobatus (baileyi) com - [[underlined]] Sink of Humboldt [[/underlined]] a big soda valley & lake [[underlined]] Lovelock [[/underlined]] [[underlined]] Rye Patch [[/underlined]]
[[blank page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] [[underlined]] Nov. 9 [[/underlined]] Left Salt Lake at 9.55 P.M. Got hung up in night. [[underlined]] Nov. 10 [[/underlined]] Were near [[underlined]] Mill Fork [[/underlined]] at daylight Cedars begin Artemisia tridentata, abun [[Tetradymia?]], com. Rhus [[aromatica?]] abn. Populus angulata, com Quercus " [[Ditto for: com.]] Willows & Alders " [[Ditto for: com.]] Follow up a creek in cañon not sure of Pinus [[edulis?]] - [[underlined]] Clear Creek [[/underlined]] Cedars stop Populars tremuloides com Big smooth hills covered with oak & brush & Popple [[image - doodle?]] Spruce on top
[[underlined]] Soldier Summit [[/underlined]] Some snow on ground, Big sage covered hills spruce on N. slopes. Red soil all along [[underlined]] Pleasant Valley Junction [[/underlined]] Down a big creek. Spruce comes down in canon seems to be Picea Through 2 tunnels Juniper & Pinus edulis begin Pinus ponderosa in canon [[underlined]] Castle gate [[/underlined]] High sandstone cliffs covered with Junipers Pinus edulis - Bottom of Canon sandy & brushy. Coal mines at Castle g. Hills lower open valley farms & stock - [[end page]] [[start page]] [[underlined]] Helper [[/underlined]] Just a station. [[underlined]] Price [[/underlined]] a small town in farming valley - Clay & sandstone butts around the Cedars & Pinon on - Sacobatus & Atriplex in valley, a creek & meadows - A deserty valley 2 Prairie Dogs. - [[underlined]] Sunnyside [[/underlined]] Dry country [[underlined]] Cedar [[/underlined]] a post & [[?ing?]] Badlands and vermillion cliffs Opuntia vulgaris [[underlined]] Lower Crossing [[/underlined]] [[underlined]] Cliff siding. [[/underlined]] a side track [[underlined]] Desert [[/underlined]] well named
[[underlined]] Green River [[/underlined]] All badlands river small A high isolated group of Mts. S.S.W. of Cisco about 20 miles, should think 11000 feet deep snow on N. slopes. timber, several peaks like San Franscisco Mt. Desert all around it. Canon along E. side. [[underlined]] Cisco [[/underlined]] station on desert. [[underlined]] West Water [[/underlined]] Station, A ranch & cottonwood flat, Cedars on hills strike Grand River. [[underlined]] Colorado Line [[/underlined]] sidetrack Along Grand River - [[underlined]] Ruby [[/underlined]] leave river Prairie Dogs - son strike river again [[end page]] [[start page]] [[underlined]] Grand Junction [[/underlined]] Big dry valley, some farms, Indian school Follow up Grand R. Musk Rat in ford - [[underlined]] Debuque [[/underlined]] nearly dark. Moonlight & could see pretty well up to [[underlined]] Aspen [[/underlined]] at 1 A.M. Big Mts. on both sides Follow up deep gulch stream & lakes - lots of timber- Snowed some most all night snow a foot deep at Aspen
[[underlined]] Nov. 11 [[/underlined]] Got daylight at [[underlined]] Summit Park [[/underlined]] Country rolling & hilly, timber & grass streams & fields. Timber small Pinus. p. scopulorum & spruce - some brush [[underlined]] Manitou [[/underlined]] A town full of pretty cottages among red hills covered with cedar - [[underlined]] Colorado Springs [[/underlined]] a good sized town at foot of Mts. on edge of plain, outlying ridges with P. scopulorum east of it. P. scopulorum is all small yucca angustifolia, com Popple & oak brush. [[end page]] [[start page]] From Colorado Sprs. to Denver the R.R. is through foot hills & along edge of plains. Mts. w. of us - Farms & little towns Cornfields - Oak brush Yucca angustifolia Prairie grasses Magpies Denver is not in the Mts. but on the plains - is a pretty good town. full of life & stir, streets all torn up & building going on should think it half as large as Minneapolis. have tramped about all over it.
[[underlined]] Nov 12 [[/underlined]] [[strikethrough]] On R. [[/strikethrough]] On C.R. 2 & P.R.R. Left Denver last night at 8.10 P.M. struck out across plains Got daylight at [[underlined]] Phillipsburg [[/underlined]] Prairie, farms, corn, grass & wild sunflowers,- Land gently rolling - Small streams and Frankiners verdis along streams native Cottonwood groves planted but small trees [[underlined]] Smith Center [[/underlined]] Corn cribs Sod house Clay soil Tumble weeds - [[end page]] [[start page]] [[underlined]] Republican River [[/underlined]] Hazel brush - the first - [[underlined]] Scandia [[/underlined]] All same [[underlined]] Fairbury Neb [[/underlined]] - Hedges of Osage orange - full of tumbleweeds - [[underlined]] Beatrice [[/underlined]] a river Bur oaks, the first - Elms " " [[Ditto for: the first]] Soft Maple " " [[Ditto for: the first]] Butternut " " [[Ditto for: the first]] Popple " " [[Ditto for: the first]] [[Sumachs?]] " " [[Ditto for: the first]] [[underlined]] Cortland [[/underlined]] [[underlined]] Lincoln [[/underlined]], a good sized town on the prairie Size of Denver [[underlined]] South Bend [[/underlined]] Jack Oaks - the first -
[[blank page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] # [[strikethrough]] 65 [[/strikethrough]] [[strikethrough]] 13 1/2 [[/strikethrough]] 5 1/2, 2 1/2, 12 windows 6:5, 2 1/2, 8 doors.
[[blank page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] Washington, D.C. Jan. 10. 92. First Congregational Ch. Newman. The French are building a R.R. across the desert of Sahara, have bored down & got flowing wells Towns have sprung up Idea - reaching down for truth - Springing up of good in the desert. Christ baptised at the ford on Jordan [[strikethrough]] Jorden [[/strikethrough]] went up to Nazereth, to Capernium, then back to Jerusalem. John told the people that Christ had come & was among them.
They saw no one that suited their idea of christ so most of them went away. 5 believed and became his followers. Was baptized about the first of January, was 40 days in the wilderness then went to Cania to the wedding, where he quietly performed the miracle, then up to Jerusalem and cleared the temple of those who profaned it. He seemed to do but little in the time or we love but little given on it - seemed in no hurry. but was sowing the seed in the desert. [[end page]] [[start page]] [[strikethrough]] John / [[/strikethrough]] Nicodemas came to Jesus by night and asked what he should do to be saved. Jesus often gave replys to incincere questions that were not satisfactory to those who asked them. but never to those who hungered for truth. He gave Nicodemas much to think about in his reply but won a true follower as Nicodemas spoke for him in the council and took his body away when crucified. The soil had been desert but Christ's work was springing up in fountains of life.
[[blank page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] [[blank page]]
Wash Dec. 31 3 shirts 4 socks 3 Hdkfs undershirt & drawers 2 Cuffs 1 collar [[end page]] [[start page]] [underlined]] Old Skins at House. [[/underlined]] Geomys 25 Spermophilus 13 lineatus 11 Tamias striatus 17 Sper. franklenii (good) 4 Sciurus hudsonicus 13 " [[Ditto for: Sciurus]] C. [[hypogeoas?]] 13 Mephitis mephitea (p) 15 Fiber zibethicus 12 Procyon lotor 7 Lepus americanus poor 3 Bear 1 Canada goose skins (good) 2
[[strikethrough]] Dec 10 clothes 2.20 " [[Ditto for: Dec]] 11 Tickets 2.45 " [[Ditto for: Dec]] 11? " [[Ditto for: Tickets]] 52,70 Breakfast .90 Sleeper Tickets 2.00 [[Items?]] 40¢ 40¢ [[underlined]] Dec. 12 [[/underlined]] Items .15 Board 1.50 [[underlined]] Dec. 13 [[/underlined]] Team 4.00 Items .25 [[underlined]] " [[Ditto for: Dec.]] 14 [[/underlined]] Ticket .45 Bed .50 [[underlined]] " [[Ditto for: Dec.]] 15 [[/underlined]] Items 1.60 [[underlined]] " [[Ditto for: Dec.]] 16 [[/underlined]] Items .35 Board 2.00 [[/strikethrough]] [[end page]] [[start page]] [[strikethrough]] Vasaline & soap - Shoes & [[socks?]] Clothes Curtains [[/strikethrough]] [[strikethrough]] $18 7025 7052[[/strikethrough]] [[strikethrough]] Fares 4.00 Clothes 28.00 Shirt 1.00 Curtains 3 .75 Fruit & nuts .95 " " [[Ditto for: Fruit & nuts]] .20 Scarf & collar .95 Hooks .30 [[/strikethrough]]
Nail brush Tooth brush Comb Toilet paper Moccasins $486.50 Chas. Vicks. Kelton [[strikethrough]] met [[/strikethrough]] Nephew of Peters. Locust Grove. [[end page]] [[start page]] [[strikethrough]] Board 2.50 Y.M.C.A. .50 Books .20 [[line]] .10 [[/strikethrough]] [[strikethrough]] Oct. 24 Board 5.00 tickets 1.40 Oct. 25 Board 1.00 Ticket 4.50 Oct. 30 R.R. Fare 3.50 " [[Ditto for: R.R. Fare]] 18.60 Board 1.05 40 [[/strikethrough]] [[strikethrough]] Nov. 5 Board 6.50 Ticket 8.65 Nov. 8 Board 3.50 Ticket 4.65 " [[Ditto for: Ticket]] 1.25 Board .60 [[/strikethrough]]
Lepus [[female symbol]] Oct. 20 325 x 28 x 79 [[line across page]] Spilogale[[female symbol]] Oct. 21 385 x 146 x 44 [[line across page]] Mephitis [[female symbol]] Oct. 21 700x300x75 [[line across page]] Lepus Cal. [[male symbol]] Oct. 21 600x98x132 [[line across page]] Lepus syl. [[male symbol]] Oct. 24 340x31x78 [[line across page]] Sciurus [[?]] [[female symbol]] Oct. 26 555x275x81 [[line across page]] Nov. 17 [[strikethrough]] coat 10.00 .30 .25 Mittens .75 [[?]] .75 3 [[Presses?]] .50 [[/strikethrough]] [[end page]] [[start page]] [[strikethrough]] [[underlined]] Nov. 9 [[/underlined]] 50 10 25 15 10 Board 1.70 Clothes 5.30 Ticket 35.85 Baggage .30 [[underlined]] "10 [[/underlined]] .15 Thermom. 1.25 Lunch 0.20 [[underlined]] "11 [[/underlined]] Curios 2.05 Grub .50 Baggage .20 [[/strikethrough]] [[vertical]] Nov. 14 " [[Ditto for: Nov.]] 16. [[strikethrough]] Clothes 3.30 Board 3.00 [[carfare?]] .05 Fruit .10 [[/strikethrough]] Haircut .25 [[/vertical]] 16 Av - 3d St [[line]] No. 1528
[[Back cover]]