Field notes, Minnesota and Wyoming, April 8-May 17, 1890

ID: SIA RU007267

Creator: Bailey, Vernon, 1864-1942

Form/Genre: Fieldbook record

Date: 1890

Citation: Vernon Bailey Papers, 1889-1941 and undated, field notes and journals, 1889-1941

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This field book contains Bailey's specimen lists of plants and animals observed and collected by Bailey in Minnesota and Wyoming from April and May of 1890. Dated specimen lists are organized by locality and typically include either common name or genus and species. Sex of specimens is sometimes noted. Entries at the back of the notebook included specimen no. 111-1128. Cubic measurements are provided for these entries. The field book also includes notes regarding Bailey's observations of small mammals and their offspring. The notebook also contains two drawings by Bailey, one of a small mammal and one landscape drawing.

Date Range


Start Date

Apr 08, 1890

End Date

May 17, 1890

Access Information

Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at


  • Animals
  • Mammalogists
  • Birds
  • Mammalogy
  • Plants
  • Ornithology
  • Botany


  • Wyoming
  • United States
  • Minnesota


  • Fieldbook record
  • Field notes

Accession #

SIA RU007267

Collection name

Vernon Bailey Papers, 1889-1941 and undated, field notes and journals, 1889-1941

Physical Description

1 field book

Physical Location

Smithsonian Institution Archives


Box 1 Folder 2

[[double underlined]] Field Notes [[/double underlined]] [[underlined]] 1890 [[/underlined]] April 8 to May 17 V. Bailey
[[blank page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] Field Notes. 1890 Vernon Bailey Elk River, Minn.
Apr. 8 Left [[strikethrough]] home [[/strikethrough]] Elk River at 4:50 P.M. Spots of snow in shady places, rivers & brook open & ponds open, lakes froze over yet. Frost out on sand, Plowing. Buds started on some trees, " [[Ditto for: Apr.]] 9 Left Minneapolis at 8:40 on C. St. P.M. & O. R.R. Clear & bright. Buffleheads at St. Peters Cormorants, 3 at Mankato Lakes partly open. Flicker 1. Mallards, a few Cold wind. few birds, [[end page]] [[start page]] Lakes open after getting on the prairie. Men seeding with fur overcoats on. Apr. 10 [[underlined]] Mo. Valley [[/underlined]] all night Little frost in morning. Progne subis, 1 [[male symbol]] Passer domestica in town. & building nests Elders in blossom, Mo. R. low, much [[lay?]] - Left Mo. Valley at 9. A.M. Willows beginning to blossom High bluffs, [[claye?]] - dark soil, fine farms, good buildings, large fields.
Apr. 10 [[underlined]] Kennard Neb [[/underlined]] - Nice country farms & fruit trees Mostly corn. [[underlined]] Arlington [[/underlined]] A small river [[insertion]] [[Fremont?]] R. [[/insertion]] with a line of trees, broad rich valley, big fields, Maples in blossom. [[underlined]] Fremont [[/underlined]] Nice valley. Jack Snipe 2. [[underlined]] West Point [[/underlined]] Valley narrow. Soil still dark. [[underlined]] Wisnor [[/underlined]] [[underlined]] Pilger [[/underlined]] [[end page]] [[start page]] [[underlined]] Norfolk Dinner [[/underlined]] 2 P.M. Warm - [[underlined]] Battle creek [[/underlined]] [[underlined]] Oakdale [[/underlined]] Soil dark, some sandy - [[underlined]] Neligh [[/underlined]] More sandy. [[underlined]] Clearwater [[/underlined]] [[underlined]] Atkinson [[/underlined]], 3 boys barefoot. Flat, sandy - [[underlined]] Long Pine. [[/underlined]] Supper, dark - Flat, sandy, grassy, scrubby pines, (?)
April [[underlined]] Valentine [[/underlined]] " [[Ditto for: April]] 11 Sturnella m. neglecta, com Hybrid Flickers, com. Curlew 1, flying over Spizella monticola, com. Juncos, com. Parus septentronalis, a few Killdeer Falco sparverus 1. Very warm. " [[Ditto for: April]] 12 Driobates pubescens - 2. Bluejays 4. Cold morning, windy & froze a little Otocoris 2 Quails 2 Crow Blackbird 1. [[vertical in margin]] Kingfisher 1. [[/vertical in margin]] [[end page]] [[start page]] Apr. 14 [[underlined]] Valentine [[/underlined]] Melospiza fasciata 1. [[pencil half circle scribble over text]] " [[Ditto for: Apr.]] 15 [[underlined]] To Kenedy [[/underlined]] Melenerpes erocyphalus 1. Colaptes cafer, about 12 " [[Ditto for: Colaptes]] auratus " [[Ditto for: about]] 12 Curlew 7. Killdeers, 8. Willets (?) 3. Mallards 2 pr. Green wing Teal 40. Pinnated Grouse 40. Sand Hill Cranes 1. Redwing Blk. birds, 100 Meadowlarks 100 Crow Blk. bird 1
[[underlined]] To Kenedy [[/underlined]] Spîzella monticola 6. [[strikethrough]] [[Pocecostes gram?]]. 2 (?) [[/strikethrough]] Antelope, Mr. Wills killed 2 from a bunch of 5 in Feb. 1889. He tells me of a little Fantailed Deer that seems to be just like the Mex. Deer. He says there are a few Blacktail Deer not far west of here [[end page]] [[start page]] Apr. 16 [[underlined]] Mr. Wills' Ranch [[/underlined]] P. Dog town, 80 acres, 200 or 400 dogs. P.D. ♀ ad, teats 4-4, used ureters shows 4 young lately born. Stom. full of green grass, fat P.D. ♂, not much fat, ragged, grass in stom. Speotyto O. hypogeas 2, Longspurs 20. Spizella monticols 20. Spoonbills 10 Greenwing Teal 50 Mallards 8 Long tail D. 4 Short eared Owl 2.
Apr. 17 [[underlined]] Wills' Ranch [[/underlined]] Speotyto 2 Rhyncophanes mccownii. 1 Turkey buzzard 1. Curlew 2, Killdeer, 6, R.w. Blk birds, 200. Sharptailed Grouse 2, Short eared Owl 1, " [[Ditto for: Apr.]] 18. [[underlined]] Kings Kennedy [[/underlined]] Marsh Hawk 2. Mallards 4, Shovelers 40. Longtail Duck 2. Sandpipers 12. [[end page]] [[start page]] [[underlined]] Kennedy [[/underlined]] Apr. 21. Poocǣtes g. confines 2, (7) Ammodramus S. alaudinus 1. (7) [[strikethrough]] Plover [[/strikethrough]] heard (7) Sharptailed Grouse, as com as the Pinnated. " [[Ditto for: Apr.]] 22 [[strikethrough]] Plover - heard [[/strikethrough]] Curlew in pairs Pediacetes p. campestris " [[Ditto for: Apr.]] 23 Hesperomys 13 [[Oebetodesn?]] 4 Arvicolas 3. Geomys 2 Tympanuchus americanus,
[[underlined]] Kennedy [[/underlined]] [[margin]] Apr. 24. [[/margin]] Bittern heard (7) cold & windy [[margin]] " [[ditto for: Apr.]] 25 [[/margin]] A hard frost Spoonbills 50. in my Alkalie Lake. Gulls - 3 by my lake. Coots 2 in Stouts lake. Larus delawarensis 4. [[margin]] " [[ditto for: Apr.]] 28 [[/margin]] [[underlined]] To Valentine [[/underlined]] Mourning Dove, one at Simeon Plover, 2 [[end page]] [[start page]] [[margin]] Apr. 29 [[/margin]] [[underlined]] Left Valentine [[/underlined]] 10:30 A.M. Up the Minnekadusa valley. A narrow valley no trees & little brush. Some fields & farms, good grass, Plums in blossom & willows green, Soon left creek valley & pass through sand hills, few settlers _ some ponds & marshes [[underlined]] Dinner at Cody [[/underlined]] more sloughs & a creek [[underlined]] Merriman [[/underlined]] 2 P.M. 50 Rat houses in slough - [[underlined]] Erwin [[/underlined]] Larger ponds & valleys.
Rat houses numerous, Ducks, Coots, & Snipe numerous. Yellow head B.bird 1. (7) Leave sand & enter clay soil 6m. E. of Gorden. Clay land smoothe & grassy. slightly rolling lots of farms, Hills in the W. [[underlined]]Gorden [[/underlined]]. quite a town. Lupus campestris 1. [[underlined]] Clinton [[/underlined]] P.D. town 2 miles E. of [[underlined]] Rushville [[/underlined]] 2 Speotytos in Dog town. Lupus campestris 1 [[end page]] [[start page]] [[underlined]] Hay Springs. [[/underlined]] [[underlined]] Bordeaux [[/underlined]] in valley High hills, Magnisium, sandstone, pines, Brush & trees in valley a stream begins. [[underlined]] Chadron [[/underlined]] Leucocrinum montanum & Viola Nuttallii in bloom.
Apr 30 [[underlined]] Left Chadron [[/underlined]] 6:30 A. P.D. town. Jack Rabbit 1. [[underlined]] Whitney [[/underlined]] A range of pine covered hills to south & west. A creek - whit [[strikethrough]] [[?]] [[/strikethrough]] R. (?) [[bracket]] Gopher hills numerous on sand, scarce on clay. [[/bracket]] [[underlined]] Crawford [[/underlined]] Cross the B.& M. R.R. Enter the range of [[strikethrough]] sandstone [[/strikethrough]] sandstone hills. [[underlined]] Ft. Robinson [[/underlined]] High sandstone peaks in [[strikethrough]] a [[/strikethrough]] Pine covered range & running N.W. One on each side & valley between [[end page]] [[start page]] [[underlined]] Andrews [[/underlined]] - a station town Leave hills & enter a rolling prairie country [[underlined]] Harrison [[/underlined]] - a little town. Some farms. [[underlined]] Van [[strikethrough]] Tall [[/strikethrough]] Tassell - 471 [[/underlined]] Only a stock yard. Bare rocks & grassy valleys. A little creek. Large droves of horses. Artimisa [[strikethrough]] tridentata [[/strikethrough]] Cana (7) 483 small & scattering - [[underlined]] Lusk [[/underlined]] 484 Artimisa cana [[strikethrough]] First [[/strikethrough]] seen Red rocks, mines & hill - Red granit beds under lime creek & grassy valley.
Artemesia frigida, abn. [[underlined]] Mandan [[/underlined]] The Laramies come in sight Laramie Peak, is snow capped [[underlined]] Fisher 528 [[/underlined]] Artemesia tridentata, abn. N. Platte R. 531. Badlands along the Platte Salpinetus obsoletus 1. [[underlined] Douglas [[/underlined]] Otocoris, a few - Amphispiza b. nevadensis 1 Lanias 1. Sturnella Thermopsis rhombifolia in bloom. [[end page]] [[start page]] May 1 Spilogale 2 killed at Douglas. Left [[underlined]] Douglas [[/underlined]] at 1 P.M. Brewers Blk bird 8. Meadowlarks com - Otocoris 2. Circus 1. Pica rustica 1. said to be com. Crows 5 - Killdeer, com - Curlew 1. Poocaetes, com - Prairie Dogs com, all along. Rabbits 1 killed & another seen - long eared.
[[underlined]] Beaver [[/underlined]] P.O. 20 miles W. of Douglas. Pocket gophers, none at Douglas or till reaching the Lapperd Creek, then com. S. 13 lineatus com. to & at Beaver. Windy & raw - Set 13 traps Colaptes cafer 1. auratus 1. Pine on hills P. angustifolia & brush along creek. Phlox hoodi Artemesia trifida. com on top of range [[end page]] [[start page]] [[underlined]] Beaver P.O. [[/underlined]] 5500 + (?) [[margin]] May 2 [[/margin]] Left Beaver at 5:30 - [[vertical margin]] magpie nest & 1 fresh egg [[/vertical margin]] Robins 2 - Colaptes hybrid 1 Turkey Buzzard 3 Sparrow hawk 1 Magpie 2 & nest 8:30 - Snow in creek Artemesia trifida takes The place of cana & tridentata on high divide. Much snow on Mts. & in north notches of hills. Arctomys flaviventris 12 on rocks along canon Large eared Rabbit 1 Cottontail 2. Cynomys ludon com at noon high up
N.H. Melsirr Galesbrg Ill [[line]] 2 Pines, 1 spruce. Spiz - townsendi, num - after noon. [[underlined]] Mountain Home [[/underlined]] 5 P.M. near summit. [[vertical margin]] Rained, snows & hailed. [[/vertical margin]] C. columbianus voles Snow in patches in valley Sage Hens 2 Jack Rabbit 1. Badger 1. Snowshoe Rabbit + Silvertip Bear + Elk & Bighorns said to be on Mts. Camped 35 m to Rock Creek [[end page]] [[start page]] [[margin]] May 3. [[/margin]] Started at 5:15 35 m to Rock Creek [[vertical margin]] Coyotes how - [[/vertical margin]] Sage hens 20 Speotyto 2 in dog hole - [[male symbol]] & [[female symbol]] black [[butles?]] in both. 9 A.M. [[female symbol]] fat, [[male symbol]] not fat. [[strikethrough]] So [[/strikethrough]] Artemesia tridentata + cava on west slope [[vertical margin]] Aegialitis montana, coyotes howl- [[/vertical margin]] Mt. Plover 2- 20 m, Ranch Longspurs from Summit down - R. maccownii Antelope [[overwritten]] 22 [[/overwritten]] 35 Coyote 1 Hailed & rained 1 [[margin]] " [Ditto for: May]] 4 [[/margin]] [[underlined]] Rawlins [[/underlined]] Sialia Arctica, one in town.
[[underlined]] May. 5. Rawlins to Beckmans [[/underlined]] Otocoris, a few - Sparrow hawk 1. [[underlined]] Beckmans Ranch [[/underlined]] May 6. Passerella & schistacer (?) 1. Robins - com. Magpies - com. Sialia arctica 2. House Wren 2 - Ranunnculus glaberimus. Myosotis sylvatica - Forget me not. [[end page]] [[start page]] [[underlined]] Beckmans [[/underlined]] May 7 H celata. 3. Sialia arctica, 2 Sayornis sayi 2. Melospiza 2. Salpinctus 2. Berberis ripens - Colaptes cafer 1. " [[Ditto for: May]] 8 Pipilo chlorurus 2. 1 Melospiza f. montana 2 Helminthophila celata 1. Potentilla humifusa. " [[Ditto for: May]] 9 Dendroica auduboni, com among popple blossoms. Otocoris [[arimeola?]], 3 on hill. Turkey Buzzard 1.
[[underlined]] Beckmans [[/underlined]] May 10. Falco mex (?) 1 on cliff Circus hudsoneus 1 ♂ Spizella arenacea 4 (7) " [[Ditto for: May]] 12 Pooecetes 1. Colaptes caper 3. Junco 1. H. macgilvorayi, 1 seen. Brewers Blk bird 8, on oats, " [[Ditto for: May]] 13 Spizella aranacea 6 seen, 3 killed Zonotrichia [[underlined]] int. [[/underlined]] 2. Salpinctus com. Juncos 2 - Helminthophila celata, 3. Pipilo chlourous, com. [[end page]] [[start page]] May 14, Spizella arenacea 8. Sayornis sayi 2 Micropus 12. Pooecetes, com " [[Ditto for: May]] 16 [[underlined]] To Rawlins [[/underlined]] Cliff swallows - a few (7) " [[Ditto for: May]] 17 Hirundo erythrogaster, 1 at Carter (7) Arabis lyalli Taraxicom officinalis " [[Ditto for: Taraxicom]] scopulorum - Lonicera involicrata
[[blank page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] [[blank page]]
[[blank page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] [[blank page]]
[[blank page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] [[image - pen drawing of a prairie dog]]
[[image - pencil drawing of landscape with small buildings in the mid- ground]] [[end page]] [[start page]] [[underlined]] No. Chadron [[/underlined]] 1111 164x78x32 [[male symbol]] ad. Geomys. Apr. 30. On clay soil. 1112 [[bracket]] S. 13 lineatus 235x83x33 [[male symbol]] [[underlined]] Douglas [[/underlined]], Wyo [[strikethrough]] Apr [[/strikethrough]] May 1. 1113 " " [[Dittos for: Douglas, Wyo.]] 224x79x51 [[female symbol]] May 1. 1114 Dipodops, bobtailed 228x112x42 [[male symbol]] May 1. Douglas 1115 Lepus [[female symbol]] ad. 420x53x103. Ear 93 - May. 1 15 miles W of Douglas 1116 P.D. [[male symbol]] 389x73x66 Douglas, W. 10 miles, May 1. [[underlined]] Beaver P.O. May 2 [[/underlined]] 1117 Thomomys [[female symbol]] 195x51x27 [[female symbol]] 1118 Arvicola [[male symbol]] 149x42x21 bobtailed - 1119 " [[Ditto for: Arvicola]] [[male symbol]] im. 151x40x20
[[image - rough pencil drawing of landscape]] [[image labels]] x, W [[rough drawn arrow pointing down from "W" towards edge of page where South would be in this compass]], E, N Hills [[/image labels]] Map .25 Cartridges .85 Shoes nailed .25 Board 2.50 Stage fare 10.00 Ticket 4.35 [[end page]] [[start page]] [[strikethrough]] Rawley [[/strikethrough]] [[underlined]] Beaver May 2 [[/underlined]] 1120 Hesperomys [[male symbol]] im. 146x64x20 [[underlined]] Along road [[strikethrough]] 3 [[/strikethrough]] [[/underlined]] 1121 L. sylvoticus [[male symbol]] ad. 375x44x94 1122 S. townsendi [[female symbol]] ad. 284x75x44 1123 " [[Ditto for: S. townsendi]] 7 embryos - [[female symbol]] ad, 282x73x44 1124 Arctomys [[male symbol]] collected 590x120x93 1125 " [[Ditto for: Arctomys]] [[male symbol]] 560x125x86 1126 " [[Ditto for: Arctomys]] teats 5 - 5 [[female symbol]] 530x173x79 1127 " [[Ditto for: Arctomys]] [[male symbol]] 590x168x88 1128 " [[Ditto for: Arctomys]] [[male symbol]] 485x132x77 [[underlined]] Bridgers Pass May 5 [[/underlined]] L. camprestris [[female symbol]] 620x90x158. " [[Ditto for: L. campestris]] [[female symbol]] 630x110x152 May 7 Arctomys [[female symbol]] ad. 5-5 620x174x80. measured warm - May 8. Arctomys [[male symbol]] warm, 625x170x83
[[underlined]] Kennedy [/underlined]] A blown out pit on top of highest sand hill, about 40 ft. deep from highest rim, & 80 ft. wide bowl shaped, sand drifting from bottom up the sides. Just started in 1888. Apr 30 Board .75 Ticket 5.75 Apples [[Strikethrough]] Apr. 28 [[line]] .40 39 Dinner .25 [[/strikethrough]] [[end page]] [[start page]] [[strikethrough]] S. Mallis, [[male symbol]] 197x56x34 Fat Apr. 15, Simeon. [[/strikethrough]] [[strikethrough]] S. 13 lineatus [[male symbol]] ad, 250x89x35 Kenedy, Apr. 16, Fat. [[/strikethrough]] L. sylvalicus, [[male symbol]] 405x44x99 Kenedy, Apr. 16, in brush. [[strikethrough]] P.D. [[male symbol]] 390x92x63, not [[strikethrough]] very [[/strikethrough]] fat. ragged. grass. [[/strikethrough]] [[strikethrough]] P.D. [[female symbol]] ad. 367x80x63 Teats 4-4, nursed ureters show that 4 yg. lately born. Grass in stom. Some fat. [[/strikethrough]] [[strikethrough]] Weasel [[male symbol]] ad. 420x153x54. In P.D. hole. [[/strikethrough]]
Ticket 10.75 [[strikethrough]] ticket .92 books .18 [[/strikethrough]] ticket 19.16 [[vertical strikethrough]] Board 1.15 Candy .20 Cotton .20 Dinner .25 [[vertical strikethrough]] [[strikethrough]] Lodging .75 .05 Knife .25 vest .75 Hat .40 [[/strikethrough]] Cleoma integrifolia Lynx 1030x195x200. Hobbs [[Griggo? Griggs?]] [[strikethrough]] Rabbit [[male symbol]] 420x44x102 Apr. 11 [[end page]] [[start page]] [[symbol]] [[faint illegible writing on inside back cover]]
[[back cover]] [[underlined]] 170'12 [[/underlined]] 3 ¢