Gutierrez, Celedonio, "Field notes and observations on the activity of Paricutin Volcano," 1947-1949, 1951-1952

ID: SIA RU007281

Creator: Foshag, William F (William Frederick), 1894-1956

Form/Genre: Fieldbook record

Date: 1947-1952

Citation: William F. Foshag Collection, 1923-1965 and undated

Usage Conditions Apply
The Smithsonian Institution Archives welcomes personal and educational use of its collections unless otherwise noted. For commercial uses, please contact
Request permissions Download image Print

Narrow Your Results


Filter Your Results

Smithsonian Secretaries Information

Close Browse records and papers of the Smithsonian Secretaries, from 1846 until today. Pre-set filters help narrow searches by individuals who have held that office.

Expeditions Information

Close Browse records and papers documenting scientific and collecting expeditions either affiliated with the Smithsonian, or with which Smithsonian researchers participated. Pre-set filters help narrow searches by geographic regions predominantly represented in expedition records.

Professional Societies Information

Close Browse records of professional societies closely associated with the Smithsonian, that focus on areas of scientific research and museum studies. Pre-set filters help narrow searches by major topics and disciplines.


The papers are a continuation of a handwritten diary, correspondence, and photographs of Celedonio Gutierrez's observations on the activity of Paricutín Volcano, 1947-1949, 1951-1952. Celedonio Gutierrez was an inhabitant of San Juan Parangaricutiro, a community adjacent Paricutin Volcano region, prior to its eruption, and was Foshag's assistant during fieldwork at the volcano. The diary gives a daily description of changes observed in Paricutín and Mesa de los Hornitos and the surrounding environment, including emanating debris (i.e. ash) and vapor, ongoing eruptions, changes to the crater, and individuals who explored the area. In a note in Folder 6 included by Foshag, he states "although these notes are couched in simple terms, they constitute the only complete record of the volcano's activity and have the advantage of being free of any preconceived notions of what a volcano should do." Papers are handwritten and typed. Handwritten notes are grouped by month and year, with the day's date listed in the left-hand margin next to entries. There are no translations in the folder.

Date Range


Start Date

Jan 01, 1947

End Date


Access Information

Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at


  • Volcanos
  • Geology
  • Volcanological research


  • Mexico
  • Paricutín


  • Fieldbook record
  • Field notes
  • Diary
  • Correspondence
  • Black-and-white photographs

Accession #

SIA RU007281

Collection name

William F. Foshag Collection, 1923-1965 and undated

Physical Description

1 field book

Physical Location

Smithsonian Institution Archives


Box 6 Folder 7