Field notes, 1880 (1 of 2)

ID: SIA RU007073

Creator: Notebook No. 1, 1880

Form/Genre: Fieldbook record

Date: 1880

Citation: William H. Dall Papers, circa 1839-1858, 1862-1927

Download IIIF Manifest Request permissions Download image Print

Narrow Your Results

Reset

Filter Your Results

Smithsonian Secretaries Information

Close Browse records and papers of the Smithsonian Secretaries, from 1846 until today. Pre-set filters help narrow searches by individuals who have held that office.

Expeditions Information

Close Browse records and papers documenting scientific and collecting expeditions either affiliated with the Smithsonian, or with which Smithsonian researchers participated. Pre-set filters help narrow searches by geographic regions predominantly represented in expedition records.

Professional Societies Information

Close Browse records of professional societies closely associated with the Smithsonian, that focus on areas of scientific research and museum studies. Pre-set filters help narrow searches by major topics and disciplines.
 

Creator

Dall, William Healey, 1845-1927

Alternate Title

Notebook No. 1, 1880

Abstract

The note book documents work for the United States Coast Survey (1871-1880). Includes records from William Dall, Noyse, and Baker. Data recorded includes voyage information from California to Alaska including time, barometric readings, air and water temperature and wind direction, measured every four hours. Lists destinations, discusses composition of Alaskan population, activities of survey members, descriptions of coastal terrain, crops farmed by indigenous tribes. Some locations include the vicinity of Chugachik Bay [Kachemak Bay], Sitka, Chilkaht River [Bering River], Mount Fairweather, and Kachemak Bay. There is an index at the back of the notebook including survey locations.

Date Range

1880

Start Date

May 13, 1880

End Date

Aug 22, 1880

Access Information

Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu.

Topic

  • Natural History
  • United States Coast and Geodetic Survey
  • Natural history

Place

  • United States
  • Mount Fairweather
  • Sitka
  • Alaska
  • Kachemak Bay
  • Bering River

Form/Genre

  • Fieldbook record
  • Field notes

Accession #

SIA RU007073

Collection name

William H. Dall Papers, circa 1839-1858, 1862-1927

Physical Description

1 field book

Physical Location

Smithsonian Institution Archives

Sublocation

Box 24 Folder 7

[[Blank front cover]]
[[blank page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] [[blank page]]
[[blank page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] [[blank page]]
[[blank page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] [[blank page]]
[[blank page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] Notebook No. 1 1880. W. H. Dall, Act'g. Asst. U.S. C & G. Survey In charge Schr. Yukon. [[line]] Thursday May 13, 1880 [[line]] San Francisco, Cal. Weigh Anchor at 2 P.M. of this day and at 2.30 begin the voyage to Sitka Alaska Terr., beating down the Bay and out to sea. Weather fine and a fresh N.W. breeze. At 5.30 P.M. cross the bar and at 8 P.M. Farallone Light bears W.N.W. 8 miles from which departure is taken and meteorological observations begun. [[page includes tables with 5 columns - "|" used to better distinguish separate column fields for readability.]] [[table headings:]] Time | Bar. | Ther. | Water | Wind 9 P.M. | 30.08 | 56 ° | 51° | NW. 12 " [[ditto for: P.M.]]| 30.08 | 57 50 | NW. [[line]] Friday May 14th [[line]] 4 A.M | 30.10 | 50 | 54 | NW 8 " [[ditto for: A.M.]]| .15 | 53 | 54 | " [[ditto for: NW]] 12 M | .15 | 53 | 54 | " [[ditto for: NW]] 4 PM | .09 | 53 | 55 | " [[ditto for: NW]] 8 " [[ditto for: PM]]| .09 | 51 | 53 " [[ditto for: NW]] 12 " [[ditto for: P.M.]]| .10 | 51 | 53 | W.NW. A.M. Wind moderating, some sea on, cloudy. P.M. nearly clear, all sail set. Later Wind died out.
[[start of page]] 2 [[image - line]] Saturday, May 15th/80 [[image- line]] Time Bar Air Water Wind 4 A.M 30.11 52° 53° NW by W 8 " .09 50 54 NW 12M .08 55 56 Calm 4 P.M .09 53 57 " 8 " .09 51 54 NW 12 " .09 50 53 NW by N. Nearly clear all day with baffling airs or calms. [[image - line]] Sunday May 16th [[image - line]] 4 A.M 30.09 51° 54° NW. by W. 8 " .11 53 55 NW. 12M .19 56 56 " 4 P.M. .19 64 62 WNW. 8 " .20 56 57 N 12" .24 52 55 " This day nearly all clear + calm making but little headway. [[image - line]] Monday May 17th [[image - line]] 4 A.M. 30.24 53 56 N. 8" .30 60 56 NNE. 12 M .30 60 57 SE 4 P.M .28 60 62 " 8 " .28 57 55 S 12 " .25 57 56 SSW Nearly calm, overcast + mild. P.M. breezes up from S.E. Even. moonlight. Saw large 4 masted steamer 4 miles S. Probably China str. bound for San Francisco. [[end of page]] [[start of page]] 3 [[image - line]] Tuesday May 18th 1880 [[image - line]] Time. Bar. Air. Water. Wind. 4 A.M. 30.20 56 56 SSW 8 " .23 55 59 SW 12 M .23 54 56 " 4 P.M. .20 66 55 " 8 " .20 58 56 " 12 " .20 53 53 W.SW. Early A.M. drizzling rain, remainder of day cloudy + thick with fresh breeze making about 7 knots. Have made about 6° westing and no northing. [[image - line]] Wednesday May 19th [[image- line]] 4 A.M 30.20 53 54 SW 8 " .14 61 54 S 12 M .10 60 53 " 4 P.M. 30.00 57 53 " 8 " .02 57 51 W 12 " .11 49 50 " A.M. Thick fog, barometer falling. P.M. Breezing up, took in light sail and reefed mainsail. A sail seen to eastward. A dozen gonies, (Diomedea nigripes) follow us or settle under the stern in calm weather. Several hauled on board with baited hook and line. One skin preserved. One nearly white gony seen in the distance Common petrel numerous. [[end of page]]
4 [[line]] Thursday, May 20, 1880 [[line]] [[page includes tables with 5 columns - "|" used to better distinguish separate column fields for readability.]] [[table]] [[table headings:]] Time | Bar. | Air | Water | Wind 4 A.M.| 30.14| 49° | 50° | W 8 " [[ditto for: A.M.]]| .20|50 | 52 | WSW 12 M.| .26 | 56 | 51 | " [[ditto for: WSW]] 4 P.M.| .20 | 57 | 51 | SW. 8 " [[ditto for: P.M.]]| .24 | 50 | 50 |" [[ditto for: SW.]] 12 " [[ditto for: P.M.]]| .28 | 49 | 49| " [[ditto for: SW.]] [[/table]] Day clear, all sail set. Good breeze but some sea. [[line]] Friday May 21st [[line]] [[table]] 4 A.M. | 30.19 | 49 | 50 | S 8 " [[ditto for: A.M.]]| .15 | 49 | 49 | " [[ditto for: S]] 12 M. | .02 | 49 | 49 | " [[ditto for: S]] 4 P.M. | 29.76 | 50 | 48 |" [[ditto for: S]] 8 " [[ditto for: P.M.]]| .62 | 49 | 47 | " [[ditto for: S]] 12 " [[ditto for: P.M.]] | .60 | 46 | 46 | " [[ditto for: S]] [[/table]] Cloudy, turning into smart rain. Noon, all light sails in & mainsail reefed. Strong S. gale & heavy seas P.M. under double reefs, vessel pitching considerably and taking much water aboard. [[line]] Saturday May 22nd [[line]] [[table]] 4 A.M. | 29.52 | 46 | 47 | S. 8 " [[ditto for: A.M.]] | .61 | 44 | 47 | W. 12 M. | .74 | 49 | 46 | W. by S. 4 P.M. | .86 | 44 | 46 | W. by N. 8 " [[ditto for: P.M.]]| .90 | 44 | 45 | " [[ditto for: W. by N.]] 12 " [[ditto for: P.M.]]| 30.00 | 43 | 44 | " [[ditto for: W. by N.]] [[/table]] [[end page]] [[start page]] 5 At 4 A.M. wind hauling to W. and gale increasing lay to under reefed foresail. Later set double reefed mainsail and jib. P.M. partly clear weather cold. Gale continues the schr. laboring in a heavy sea, washing the decks. makes 3 kn. [[line]] Sunday May 23/80 [[line]] [[page includes tables with 5 columns - "|" used to better distinguish separate column fields.]] [[table]] [[table headings:]] Time | Barom. | Air. | Water. | Wind 4 A.M.| 30.10 | 43 | 44 | W by N 8 " [[ditto for: A.M.]]| .18 | 46 | 46 | " [[ditto for: W by N]] 12 M. | .24 | 49 | 46 | " [[ditto for: W by N]] 4 P.M. | .28 | 49 | 46 | W 8 " [[ditto for: P.M.]]| .28 | 45 | 46 | " [[ditto for: W]] 12 " [[ditto for: P.M.]]| .28| 44 | 45 | " [[ditto for: W]] [[/table]] Dry, half clear, and cold, with heavy swell from the westward & strong gale blowing. Evening cloudy & damp, wind & sea moderating. [[line]] Monday May 24th [[line]] [[table]] 4 A.M. | 30.29 | 44 | 45 | SW. 8 " [[ditto for: A.M.]]| .30 | 44 | 46 | SE. 12 M. | .34 | 47 | 46 | " [[ditto for: SE]] 4 P.M. | .30 | 44 | 46 | ESE. 8 " [[ditto for: P.M.]]| .30 | 46 | 46 | " [[ditto for: ESE.]] 12 " [[ditto for: P.M.]]| .26 | 46 | 46 | " [[ditto for: ESE.]] [[/table]] Overcast ending in cold drizzly rain. Heavy swell on. P.M. reduced sail and ran under foresail.
6 [[line]] Tuesday, May 25th 1880 [[line]] [[page includes tables with 5 columns - "|" used to better distinguish separate column fields for readability.]] [[table]] [[table headings:]] Time | Barom. | Air. | Water. |Wind. 4 A.M. | 30.25 | 46° | 46° | S 8 " [[ditto for: A.M.]]| .32 | 47 | 45 | " [[ditto for: S]] 12 M. | .38 | 50 | 45 | WSW. 4 P.M.| .34 | 49 | 47 | SE. 8 " [[ditto for: P.M.]] .40 | 48 | 47 | " [[ditto for: SE.]] 12 " [[ditto for: P.M.]] .39 | 48 | 48 | " [[ditto for: SE.]] [[/table]] A.M. Thick and moderating, all sail set. P.M. all calm with heavy SW. swell. Vessel rolling badly and slatting, took in all sail. Many fur seal seen around the vessel. Very few floating invertebrates noticed on this voyage which on former occasions we found abundant. [[line]] Wednesday May 26th [[line]] [[table]] 4 A.M. | 30.30 | 46 | 45 | NE 8 " [[ditto for: A.M.]]| .20 | 45 | 45 | SE 12 M. | .12 | 48 | 46 | S 4 P.M. | 29.86 | 43 | 46 | SSW 8 " [[ditto for: P.M.]]| 30.08 | 43 | 43 | " [[ditto for: SSW]] 12 " [[ditto for: P.M.]]| .08 | 43 | 43 | W. [[/table]] A.M. Breezing with rain squalls. P.M. wind increasing, reduced sail. Heavy sea on but making good time. [[end page]] [[start page]] 7 [[line]] Thursday May 27, 1880 [[line]] [[page includes tables with 5 columns - "|" used to better distinguish separate column fields for readability.]] [[table]] [[table headings:]] Time | Barom. | Air | Water | Wind. 4 A.M. | 30.25 | 43 | 44 | W. by S. 8 " [[ditto for: A.M.]]| .23 | 43 | 45 | " [[ditto for: W. by S.]] 12 M. |.23 | 46 | 45 | " [[ditto for: W. by S.]] 4 P.M. | .26 | 46 | 44 | W. 8 " [[ditto for: P.M.]]| .28 | 43 | 44 | " [[ditto for: W.]] 12 " [[ditto for: P.M.]]| .30 | 42 | 44 | " [[ditto for : W.]] [[/table]] Nearly clear all day. Strong gales and heavy sea from W. moderating in P.M. Rain squalls at night. [[line]] Friday May 28th [[line]] [[table]] 4 A.M.| 30.30 | 42 | 44 | NW. by N. 8 " [[ditto for: A.M.]]| .35 | 43 | 44 | " [[ditto for: NW. by N.]] 12 M. | .38 | 48 | 46 | NNW. 6 P.M.| .38 | 47 | 47 | " [[ditto for: NNW.]] [[/table]] At sunrise clearing up a little, land discovered to the NE. supposed to be Baranoff Id. from C. Ommaney. Thickened up again. Steady breeze from NW with some sea on. All sail set. At 2:15 P.M. Cape Edgecumbe bore NW by N. about 7 miles. Cape Otmeloi N 1/2 E. 7 miles W. end St. Lazaria Id. N by W 1/2 W. 4 miles. Mt. Edgecumbe obscured to its base by clouds. Passed 2 miles S.E. from Vitskari Rocks through middle channel of Sitka Bay west of Polivnoi and anchored in the eastern anchorage of Sitka harbor at 4:45 P.M. having been fifteen days on
8 the voyage from San Francisco. Found the U.S.S. Jamestown stationed in the Western anchorage. The past season in reported to have been very severe throughout this Territory and much snow still remains on the tops and sides of mountains. Commander Beardslee of the Jamestown and several residents of Sitka came onboard. Evening calm with light rain. [[line]] Saturday May 29/80 [[line]] [[page includes tables with 5 columns - "|" used to better distinguish separate column fields for readability.]] [[table]] [[table headings:]] Time | Barom. | Therm. | Water | Wind 6 A.M. | 30.32 | 43 | 44 | S. 12 M. | 30.39 | 51 | 48 | SW. 6 P.M. | 30.30 | 51 | 48 | S. [[/table]] Light wind and delightful weather, warm during day and cool at night. Similar weather is said to have been experienced during the last two months, but last winter is reported to have been unprecedented here in severity. The thermometer (rarely falling below zero) on several occasions reached 10° below; snow (seldom exceeding three to six inches in depth at one time and soon disappearing) covered the Parade Ground three feet deep. [[end page]] [[start page]] 9 Mr. Wm. H. Dall not having arrived from San Francisco by steamers via Portland Oregon, & the inland passages and Mr. Marcus Baker being absent, field work at this place is interrupted. Mr. Baker having preceded the party, coming by the above mentioned route, arrived at Sitka on the 11th inst. and carried on field work until the 20th when he availed himself of a fortunate opportunity to visit the Chilkaht country in the interest of the Coast Survey, taking instruments &c with him. By request of miners, sojourning at this place during the winter, Commander Beardslee of the U.S.S. Jamestown dispatched a launch with four officers and seventeen men to the Chilkaht River via Lynn Canal for the purpose of conciliating the Indians of that region. More than 20 miners accompanied the launch party intending to prospect the country, a portion to go as far as the headwaters of the river Yukon and others to Copper River. Sitka shows evidences of increasing prosperity owing in part to the miners who make this a wintering place. Several
10 stores small restaurants etc. have been added since our visit in 1874. A mission church & school [[strikethrough]] have been [[/strikethrough]] are flourishing while the attendance at the Russian Greek church is small. Much attention is now paid to vegetable gardening and with great success. Potatoes, cabbages, cauliflowers turnips & radishis are confidently asserted to attain a size and quality equal to any imported by steamer. Peas, lettuce, pie plant &c are also raised. The Indians plant patches of ground with seed potatoes [[strikethrough]] and[[/strikethrough]] on the adjacent islands, and leaving them to nature in due time reap an abundant harvest. This subject, the products resources and advantages of this territory of Alaska might be ^ [[insertion]] enlarged upon & [[/insertion]] presented in a manner convincing to all except those who "convinced against their will" remain "of the same opinion still." The population of Sitka as appears by the census taken in April of this year by order of Commander Beardslee was Indians, of whom two hundred were men and, comprised within two principle families or tribes with some scattering 500 [[end page]] [[start page]] 11 whites, of whom nearly one quarter were United States citizens, over one quarter naturalized and the remainder citizens under the treaty 453 The above figures are considerably reduced by the summer exodus of the mining element and of the Indians to pursue their annual hunting and fishing along the coast. In the morning Col. M. D. Ball Collector of Customs came on board. [[/line]]Sunday May 30th/80[[line]] [[page includes tables with 5 columns - "|" used to better distinguish separate column fields for readability.]] [[table headings:]] Time. | Barom. | Air | Water | Wind 6 A.M. | 30.20 | 45 | 47 | Calm 12 M. | .14 | 48 | 48 | NE 6 P.M. | .10 | 57 | 49 | " [[ditto for: NE]] A.M. overcast, P.M. some rain. The commander and other officers of the Jamestown come on board. [[/line]]Monday May 31st[[line]] 6 A.M. | 30.08 | 48 | 48 | Calm 12 M | 29.86 | 50 | 49 | E 6 P.M. | .64 | 49 | 48 | " [[ditto for: E]] A.M. cloudy & cool. P.M. rain at times. The boats are put in order for their respective uses. The small trading steamer
12 Favorite, Capt. Keen, of Portland, arrived and anchored in the Western anchorage. Reported the Jamestown launch as forty miles this side of Chilkaht River a week ago, bound up and all well. Drew large seine in the lake for trout with poor success being just the commencement of the season. Small messes are caught with a hook. [[line]] Tuesday, June 1st/80 [[line]] [[page includes tables with 5 columns - "|" used to better distinguish separate column fields for readability.]] [[table]] [[table headings:]] Time | Barom. | Air. | Water. | Wind. 6 A.M. | 29.64 | 46 | 47 | Variable 12 M. | .69 | 50 | 48 | " [[ditto for: Variable]] 6 P.M. | .70 | 50 | 48 | " [[ditto for: Variable]] [[/table]] Cloudy with light rain at times sunset nearly clear [[line]]Wednesday June 2nd[[line]] [[table]] 6 A.M. | 29.96 | 56 | 48 | SW 12 M. | 30.06 | 61 | 50 | " [[ditto for: SW]] 6 P.M. | 30.12 | 53 | 49 | " [[ditto for: SW]] [[/table]] Clear & warm clouding up toward evening. Took the cutter and went to Hunter's Point 6 miles northerly where is situated the salmon cannery of the Cutting Packing Co. of San Francisco. Indians principally are employed. This is the site of Old Sitka where, seventy eight years ago the Russian settlers to the number of about forty were massacred by Indians, only three or four escaping in boats to Kadiak. About fifty natives are settled here when not off hunting &c. [[end page]] [[start page]] 13 [[line]]Thursday June 3rd, 1880.[[line]] [[page includes tables with 5 columns - "|" used to better distinguish separate column fields for readability.]] [[table]] [[table headings:]] Time. | Barom. | Air. | Water. | Wind. 6 A.M. | 30.12 | 47 | 47 | NW 12 M. | .09 | 50 | 49 | " [[ditto for: NW]] 6 P.M. | .06 | 52 | 50 | S [[/table]] A.M. cloudy nearly calm. Remainder clear & pleasant. Filled water from Indian River. [[line]]Friday June 4th[[line]] [[table]] 6 A.M. | 29.94 | 47 | 48 | SE. 12 M. | .92 | 50 | 50 | E. 6 P.M. | .92 | 48 | 50 | SE. [[/table]] All day cloudy with frequent rainfalls Went to Japonski Island opposite the Indian Village and near the old Russian Observatory and set posts solid in the ground to be used as bases for tripod & basin of mercury for astronomical station. [[line]] Saturday June 5 [[line]] [[table]] 6 A.M. | 30.06 | 44 | 48 | SE. 12 M. | .16 | 47 | 49 | N. 6 P.M. | .14 | 51 | 49 | SW. [[/table]] Early A.M. cloudy. Remainder of day partly clear & mild. In company with officers of U.S.S. Jamestown, in a steamlaunch, went to the Hot Springs, 18 miles distant in a SE direction on Baranoff Id. Within 100 ft more or less, of one another and
14 flowing from the same side-hill are hot springs one each of magnesia 136° sulphur 149° and iron 149°, those properties predominating, of about the same temperature at their mouths being too hot to bear the hand in. These are said to be very efficacious in the cure of certain diseases and have been resorted to by Russians & Indians for many years. Obtained samples of water and deposits. A small settlement of Russians was destroyed many years ago and the people massacred by Indians. Returning, visited the Redoubt, eleven miles SE. from Sitka on the same island. Here are fifteen large log houses and a small Russo-Greek Church. Formerly occupied by Russians and quite a flourishing place. There are extensive dams and traps for catching salmon which are found in great abundance and of large size. Though dilapidated the traps are still used. The Bay at the head of which the Redoubt is situated, is long and narrow and, on one side, the mountains are nearly perpendicular from the water's edge, making it very picturesque; a lake extending back [[end page]] [[start page]] 15 from the dam about 13 miles long, adds to the beauties of the place. At 8 P.M. Mr. Marcus Baker arrived from the Chilkhat country and took charge of the party. [[line]]Sunday June 6/80[[line]] [[page includes tables with 5 columns - "|" used to better distinguish separate column fields for readability.]] [[table headings:]] Time | Barom | Air | Water | Wind. 6 A.M. | 29.92 | 44 | 46 | Calm 12 M. | .90 | 54 | 50 | SW. 6 P.M. | .84 | 49 | 50 | N. Overcast & mild nearly all day. [[line]]Monday June 7th[[line]] 6 A.M. | 29.76 | 45 | 47 | N 12 M. | .76 | 48 | 49 | " [[ditto for: N]] 6 P.M. | .80 | 47 | 48 | W. This day heavily clouded & cool. At 11 A.M. the steamer California arrived from Portland, Oregon, and way ports & Mr. Wm. H. Dall came on board and took charge of the party. [[line across page]] The notebook up to this point was kept by Mr. Wm. M. Noyes. Mr. Baker's notes are in a separate notebook. Mr. Dall's follow, copied from his rough notebook.
16 Hydrographic Notes taken by W.H. Dall on the voyage from Victoria to Sitka by the inland passage. [[line]] Friday, June 4th 1880 [[line]] At 4.15 A.M. reached Seymour Narrows. The extreme end of Race Pt. is rocky flattish and bare of trees. Between the eastern end of Maude Id. and the adjacent shore is an appearance of a passage known as False Passage. In the narrows the ridge on the Vancouver side seemed decidedly the higher; both were rather sparsely wooded, the rocks showing through in several places. There are two inlets northward from Deepwater Bay on Valdes Island not examined to their terminations but which are reported to extend much further than indicated by Br. Adm. Ch. 530. Granite Point between them is rather low, wooded on top, bare at the end; the highest side is toward the northern inlet. The point opposite Chatham Pt. has a nearly bare steep rocky face not much higher than Chatham Pt. The north shore hereabouts is largely rocky for some little way back. [[end page]] [[start page]] 17 Capt. Wm. E. George says that the tides in Johnstone Strait are very irregular. The H. B. Co's officers agree with him in saying that the data on the Br. Adm. charts are not sufficient to compute the tides by. Mt Eldon near Pender Id. is a peculiar wooded squaretopped hill abrupt to the NW. and quite isolated. The Vancouver shore is hereabouts the steeper, higher and most densely wooded. The bluff ENE. of Knox Bay is nearly bald on its SE. slope. On the line from Thurlow Island at Pt. [[strikethrough]] Eldon [[/strikethrough]] Eden and Camp Pt. Peak, close to the ^ [[insertion]] Vancouver [[/insertion]] shore is a rock close in, covered at h.w., not on Br. Adm. Ch. 581. It was discovered by Capt. Carroll on the last voyage of the Str. California to Sitka. All the timber on Blinkhorn Island has been prostrated by a windfall or some similar cause. At Alert Bay is a flourishing trading station and wood wharf. The Indians have mostly moved over from Cheslakee to this place. There is a NE. current in Hecate Strait
18 from Queen Charlotte Sound running 1 to 2 knots per hour. Fisherman's Cove near Grenville Channel has no room except for a small boat. A 70 ton schooner anchored in 20 fms tails on to the beach according to Capt. George. [[line]]Saturday June 5/80[[line]] Most of the morning rather foggy. The tides today appeared to meet in Grenville Channel about where 126 fathoms is marked on the Br. Adm. chart near Bare Hill. Turtle Pt. Gil Id. has no very marked hill on it. A good deal of dead timber and more low and level land than noticed heretofore was seen near the entrance from Wright Sound, especially on the south side. Bare Hill is merely the long spur of a higher one W. from it which is wooded. There are several good beaches and camping places between here and Wright Sound on the southern side. The mountains back from the shore, inside of the first range are often perfectly bare rock. The rock appears to be the same from Cape Calvert up to this vicinity as far as could be seen. Near Nabannah Bay on the southern shore [[end page]] [[start page]] 19 (nearly opposite "58 fathoms") is a fine waterfall and an eighth of a mile [strikethrough]] s [[/strikethrough]] westward from it, a small knob [[image - small drawing of shoreline knob]] puts out, not marked on the charts. Shortly after passing this point the rocks appear to change and resemble clay porphyry in appearance. Beyond Klewnuggit the northern shore (especially) become lower. A. rocky mountain goat was seen on the face of a precipitous cliff. There is a breaker one mile south of "l" in "plan" (see title on Brown Passage Br. Adm. Ch. 1923A). Sparrowhawk Rock has 12 feet on it at low water with 22 feet rise & fall of tide. [[blue pencil line mark]] Capt. George in a heavy S.E. gale saw a breaker 3/4 of a mile broad off Cape Elisabeth. (See Rough notebook for view of Safely Cove and Cape Calvert). [[line]]Sunday June 6/80[[line]] Coming from Hecate Strait for Clarence Str. Tongass Mountain at the S. end of Gravina Island is very prominent and a good mark. The land of the Gravina Group is very high (3000-4000 ft) to the westward.
20 [[line]] Sunday June 6, continued [[line]] There are several very sharp or bold peaks but toward the Narrows the land is low. The shore of Revillagigedo Inlet opposite is fringed with islands, much broken There is one large ramifying inlet. The land rises 2-3000 ft inland but is low towards the narrows. The shores are rocky mostly bold-to and there are few beaches. It is all wooded. more sparsely on the summits. Two waterfalls on the western shore, here is anchorage in 19 fms pretty close in, on muddy bottom. Ward Cove, of small extent, is just N. of Peninsula Pt. Tongass Narrows. Steer in until you get fourteen fathoms in mid channel then anchor in muddy bottom, good holding ground and perfect shelter, no dangers. Fresh water can be had here. Point Vallenar is low, narrow and wooded. There is a small island with low trees barely detached from the NW. end of the point and this is surrounded with low flat bare rocks probably partly covered at high water. Half a mile northward from Pt. Vallenar is Guard Island, two cables in extent, nearly [[end page]] [[start page]] 21 bare; low and rocky. The passage between this and the point is obstructed by rocks. Pt. Higgins is also low and wooded, both for a long way back. Betton Id. is some 1500 ft high and bluff. From Ship Island to Pt. Stanhope the the patent log registered 32 miles. Tolstoi Pt. is low and wooded, rising slowly toward the SW. to a ridge of 2-3000 ft. The southern third of Etolin Id is extremely low and flat; wooded, the shores much broken. The northern part is higher and much more abrupt. The east point of small high Island (Vanks??) in one with the Stikine mouth cañon bears N 1/2 E. At Wrangell the low (150 ft.?) hill behind the town is covered with a very wet boggy soil of a black color and with quantities of (mostly syenitic) boulders scattered through it, apparently of glacial origin. On the rock behind the site of the old Kaloshian church at Sitka about 50 ft above high water are what appear to be glacial scratches and deep groovings in a north easterly & southwesterly direction.
22 Pilot George Cozain says that Hewitt Rock in Hikish Narrows is on a patch of shoal water extending one third of the width of the passage from the western shore and the rock has eight feet on it at low water. It is off, or opposite a sort of little rounded hill on the west shore of the narrows. Mt. Calder, from Sumner Strait is inconspicuous. [[line]] Tuesday June 8, 1880 [[line]] [[page includes tables with 5 columns - "|" used to better distinguish separate column fields for readability.]] [[table]] [[table headings:]] Time. | Barom. | Air. | Water | Wind. 6 A.M. | 29.94 | 45 | 48 | W 12 M. | 30.04 | 49 | 49 | " [[ditto for: W]] 6 P.M. | 30.14 | 50 | 49 | " [[ditto for: W]] [[/table]] Weather overcast, foggy and light rains by turns. Working over vouchers, reports and records to be sent back by the steamer of the 10th. [[line]] Wednesday June 9th [[line]] [[table]] 6 A.M. | 30.30 | 46 | 48 | W 12 M. | 30.32 | 51 | 50 | SSE 6 P.M. | 30.32 | 54 | 52 | " [[ditto for: SSE]] [[/table]] Weather calm, overcast, later somewhat windy Visit the southeastern shore of Sitka Sound by courtesy Commander L. A. Beardslee, on the steam launch belonging to the U.S.S. Jamestown. First, touch at the Hot Springs on [[end page]] [[start page]] 23 the mainland of Baranoff Island near Biorka Island. These springs issue from fissures in the syenitic rock, on the side of a moderate hill fronting on a small bay landlocked by islands and with a small boulder-covered beach. The most southwesterly spring, known as the "Magnesia Spring" had at its source a temperature of 136°.0 F. The next northeasterly or "Sulphur Spring", deposits a coating of sulphur, (1/16 inch in the course of a week) over the trough through which its waters are conveyed to the bath and had an initial temperature of 149°.0. The next or "iron" spring (exhibiting to the eye however, no traces of iron in its deposit) had the same temperature; the most eastern or "Cold" Spring had a temperature of 48°.0 F. The Indians here had very large potato patches, irregularly distributed and apparently covering several acres. From 72 pounds of seed one of these Indians grew and furnished to the person who sold him the seed, 15 sacks, averaging over one hundred pounds each of large fine potatoes with no small ones at all among them.
24 [[line]] Wednesday June 9th cont [[line]] They cut out each eye from the tubers & sow the eyes close together in holes punched in the bed with a stick. The remainder of the tuber is eaten. The Indians at Bucareli Bay sell large quantities of a fine kind of white potato, to traders and passing vessels, raising their own seed from year to year. Many of the Baranoff Id. Indians depend largely on their potato crop for subsistence. The Indians at Khutsnu grow a good many potatos but from their inferior mode of culture they do not grow as large as those raised by the whites at Sitka and the Indians who have been shown how to raise them. They know the value of changing the seed and buy potatoes for that purpose from the traders The second point visited, was the Redoubt, so-called, a fishing station at a point where the waters of Deep Lake empty themselves by a sort of rapid, between large rocks, into and inlet of the sound. Weirs have been constructed here by the Russians, now very old but still in use, which are so arranged as to catch nearly every fish which may [[end page]] [[start page]] 25 ascend the rapids to spawn. The salmon were formerly very numerous, but the destruction has been so great and the obstacles to their reaching the lake have been so effectual that the yield of late years has been much smaller and is now in use only for local purposes. The scenery in the vicinity is very fine, the Dranishnikoff mountain reaching a height of several thousand fee, a great part of which fronts the inlet as a nearly perpendicular bluff. Mail for the office and elsewhere was posted today to leave by tomorrow's steamer via Portland Oregon. [[line]] Thursday June 10. 1880 [[line]] [[page includes table with 5 columns - "|" used to better distinguish separate column fields for readability.]] [[table headings:]] Time. | Barom | Air. | Water. | Wind. 6.A.M | 30.28 | 46 | 48 | SW. 12 M. | 30.20 | 54 | 51 | " [[ditto for: SW]] 6 P.M. | 29.94 | 44 | 50 | SE. Weather overcast in the morning, in afternoon rainy and unpleasant. At 1 P.M. the str. California leaves with the mail. On board the Yukon busy preparing for sea and over records and computations.
26 [[line]] Friday June 11th 1880 [[line]] [[page includes tables with 5 columns - "|" used to better distinguish separate column fields for readability.]] [[table headings:]] Time | Barom. | Air | Water | Wind Hyg 6 A.M. | 29.90 | 44 | 49 | SE by W. 12 M. | .86 | 45 | 49 | " [[ditto for: SE] 49 1/2 49 6 P.M. | .82 | 44 | 47 | W 45 1/2 45 Weather showery, evening clearing with promise of fair weather tomorrow. Obtain for the Survey a number of mss charts belonging to Uzhin, an old pilot here several of which are unpublished and all valuable. Also some duplicate Tebenkoff charts from a store he has for sale. Mr. Spuhn of the Northwestern Trading Co. dines on board. [[line]] Saturday June 12th [[line]] 6 A.M. | 29.96 | 42 | 44 | W 41 1/2 42 12 M. | .96 | 48 | 49 | W 50 1/2 50 6 P.M. | .92 | 47 1/2 | 48 | W 50 49 1/2 Morning early, fine; later clouds over. Accept Capt. Beardslee's invitation to visit Noquashinski Inlet in the steam launch starting at 10 A.M. Stopped first at Hunter's Point near old Sitka where Cutting & Co had a cannery (not now in operation which put up 7000 cases salmon last year. Went ashore and exam- [[end page]] [[start page]] 27 ined the establishment and then proceeded on our way. Anchored in a small bight just within the entrance of Big Noquashinski Bay. Bearings with pocket compass from stern of steam launch as follows: NE. pt. of Id. across entrance N.40°W. SE " " " [[dittos for: pt. of Id.]] about W. NE " " [[dittos for: pt. of]] cove where we are N34W SW " " " " " " [[dittos for: pt. of cove where we are]] S24W. S " " [[dittos for: pt. of]] Halleck Id. about W. Mouth of stream " [[ditto for: about]] E. Top Beehive Id. N70°W SE. pt Krestoff Id S50E. Further end large island in entrance N.60W. Nearer " " " " " [[dittos for: end large island in entrance]] N40W. From the last point to NE. pt. of cove where we are anchored, by estimate of all present is not less than half a mile showing that this entrance is nearly as wide as the length of the two channel Ids. and hence must be considerably wider than is shown in the old Russian chart of this vicinity. The scenery here is remarkably fine. Off the bight leading toward Katlean Bay are two wooded islets and some bare rocks
28 There is a passage at high water over a sandbar connecting Beehive and Halleck islands. A short distance beyond the SW. point of the latter in Olga Strait [[strikethrough]] is [[/strikethrough]] a fine cascade pours over a high bluff apparently from a basin in the hills. This is permanent throughout the year. The marble ledge in Little Noquashinski Bay is on the Baranoff shore. On the west it adjoins a mass of the greenish (dioritic ?) rock common about Sitka and the dip seemed nearly perpendicular. The ledge was visible for about 100 ft and after that was covered with dead trees and living vegetation for an unknown distance. It was of fine grain, rather soft, with little discoloration and with bold water close up to the beach. Reach the Yukon on our return about 6 P.M. work over records in the evening. [[line]] Sunday June 13th 1880 [[line]] [[page includes table with 7 columns - "|" used to better distinguish separate column fields for readability.]] [[table]] Time | Bar. | Dct. Ther.| Dry b. | Wet b. | Water | Wind. 6 A.M. | 29.76 | 45 | 46 1/2 | 46 | 46 1/2| Calm 12 M. | .70 | 52 | 56 | 56 | 49 1/2| SW 6 P.M. | .60 | 49 | 49 | 48 1/2| 48 1/2| " [[ditto for: SW]] [[/table]] Overcast and foggy, threatening rain. [[end page]] [[start page]] 29 [[line]] Monday June 14 /80 [[line]] [[page includes tables with 7 columns - "|" used to better distinguish separate column fields for readability.]] [[table]] Time | Bar. | Dct. Ther.| Dry b. | Wet b. | Water | Wind. 6 A.M. | 29.54 | 46 | 48 1/2 | 48 | 48 | E 12 M. | .64 | 48 1/2| 50 | 49 1/2| 48 | W 6 P.M. | .68 | 48 1/2| 5[[overwritten]]0 [[/overwritten]]1 1/2| 51| 48 | W [[/table]] Morning rainy, prepare for work but are stopped by rain. P.M. rain ceases, and we go ashore and complete a series of observations for transferring our astronomical and magnetic station from the parade ground in the town where it is inconveniently situated, to a spot near the old Russian observatory now the store house for the Government coal. Finish by 5 P.M. Father Metropolsky of the Greek church and Capt. & Mrs. Beardslee call on board in the evening. [[line]] Tuesday June 15th [[line]] [[table]] 6 A.M. | 29.70 | 45 | 48 | 47 1/2| 47 1/2| NE. 12 M. | .80 | 50 | 52 1/2 | 52 | 49 | SE 6 P.M. | .84 | 51 | 57 | 42 | 51 | NE. [[/table]] Morning showery. Afternoon fine, clear. In the morning Mr. Baker goes ashore for time sights and after getting two, returns with a wetting. At work trying to improve theodolite which is in some respects defective and over accounts. After midday weather clears. Obs.
30 for astronomical and magnetic azimuth and time. In the evening Rev. Mr. Brady dines with us and we pay parting calls on the commander and officers of the Jamestown. [[line]] Wednesday June 16/80 [[line]] [[page includes tables with 7 columns - "|" used to better distinguish separate column fields for readability.]] [[table]] Time. | Bar. | Dct. Ther.| Dry b. | Wet b. | Water | Wind. 6 A.M. | 29.80 | 47 | 48 | 47 1/2| 47 | Calm 12 M. | .81 | 59 | 64 1/2 | 62 | 52 | " [[ditto for: Calm]] 4 P.M. | .85 | 56 | 59 1/2 | 57 1/2| 52 | S 8 [[ditto for: P.M.]]|.86 |55| 56 | 55 | 55 | Calm 12[[ditto for: P.M.]]|.84 |50| 54 | 53 | 49 | " [[ditto for: Calm]] [[/table]] Morning fine but calm. P.M. light airs. In the morning get corresponding altitudes for time to those taken yesterday P.M. Our mail, vouchers and last reports & letters, to go down by July steamer and take aboard mails for western Alaska. At 3.10 P.M. a little air springs up and we work our way out of the harbor, but do not get any breeze until 10 P.M. Mid channel between Vitskari and Kulichkoff reefs sound in 66 fms. Rock of Biorka bearing S. by E. 1/4 E. Verstovaia Pk " [[ditto for: bearing]] NE. by N. Vitskari Beacon " [[ditto for: bearing]] W. by S. 1/2 S. The summit of Mt. Edgecumbe being dis- [[end page]] [[start page]] 31 tant 7 1/8 miles (=47850 ft: 47850 tan. 3° 22' 52" = 2827 ft altitude) the mean of five vertical
32 [[line]] Friday June 18, 1880 [[line]] [[page includes tables with 7 columns - "|" used to better distinguish separate column fields for readability.]] [[table]] Time. | Barom.| Det. Ther.| dry b.| wet b. | Water | Wind. 4 A.M. | 30.03 | 50 | 48 | 47 1/2 | 48 | West 8 [[ditto for: A.M.]]| .02 | 46 1/2 | 48 1/2 | 48 | 47 | " [[ditto for: West]] 12 M. | .04 | 49 | 51 1/2 | 51 | 48 | " [[ditto for: West]] 4 P.M. | .04 | 56 | 56 | 54 1/2 | 49 1/2 | " [[ditto for: West]] 8 [[ditto for: P.M.]]| 29.96 | 52 | 51 1/2 | 51 | 48 | " [[ditto for: West]] [[/table]] Morning partly clear wind light & baffling. Afternoon fine and clear. A.M. off Chichagoff Id. working up toward Cross Sound. Pt. Theodore is low and rocky, with four or five rocks above water extending off half a mile in a southerly direction. Hence to a small bay (Takhanis?) the shore is bold rocky, bare for a short distance, broken in to knobs & hillocks, back from the shore all is wooded. The S. and NW. parts of Jacobi Island are low, the middle high with some low saddles. The higher parts are not as high as the [[strikethrough]] middl [[/strikethrough]] mainland of Chichagoff Id. Northwestward from the first bay the shore is less broken. Cross Cape is low, wooded, with some large white rocks off from it. The outer largest one has a patch of grass, a few stubby trees [[end page]] [[start page]] 33 and one high solitary tree with an umbrella-like top and bare stem making an excellent mark. There are some low dry rocks outside of this. The water hereabouts is discolored on the surface probably from glacier water issuing from Cross Sound. Off the entrance to Lisiansky Strait (see sketch book) sounded in 78 fms at 8.30 A.M. At 10.15 A.M. sounded in thirty five fathoms Cross Cape rocks bearing N. 1 1/2 miles. At 11. A.M. sounded in twenty five fms. Cross Cape Rocks bearing NW. by N. and the peak of Fairweather NW 3/4 W. Plenty of fine rock cod caught here. At noon, Peak of Fairweather bore NW 3/4 W Cross Cape Rocks N by W. 1/4 W. From a meridian altitude (mean of 5 observations) the latitude appeared to be 57°.50'.8 N. At 1 P.M N edge Jacobi Id. N 1/4 W. N. islet Pt. Bingham N by W. 1/2 W. Cross cape rock E by N 1/2 N Pk. Mt Fairweather NW. 3/4/ W. Later; the outermost rocks at Pt. Bingham in one with outermost land southward, ESE. Later; Rocks off SW. edge of Pt. Bingham in one with Cross Cape Rock SE by S. the nearest shore now bearing east, one mile.
34 Friday June 18th continued. Low edge of Cape Spencer NW. by N.1/2 N. 1st point off " " [[dittos for: Cape Spencer]] NW. by 1/2 W Next """" [[dittos for: point off Cape Spencer]] NW by W Pt. islet or knob beyond NW by W 3/4 W A point or islet lies midway between the two last mentioned. Later; the low eastern edge of Spencer in one with E. edge of Taylor glacier NW 1/4 W. Elevation of top of east ridge of glacier 0°.87'.10" from mean of three sextant angles. the top of Three Hill Id. bearing NNE. Cape Spencer W 1/2 N. Glacier NW. Get into Cross Sound about 3 P.M. anchor in 15 fms mud in Granite Cove Port Althorp about 4.45 P.M. Go ashore and observe for station with telemeter & theodolite, also for declination & time. Draw seine but get only one trout, though herring are jumping in the cove. High water about 8 P.M. Sundogs in the evening [[line]] Saturday June 19th 1880 [[line]] [[page includes table with 7 columns - "|" used to better distinguish separate column fields for readability.]] [[table]] Time. | Barom.| Dct. Ther.| dry b. | wet b. | Water | Wind. 6 A.M. | 29.90 | 47 | 49 | 48 1/2 | 47 | W 12 M. | .86 | 49 | 49 1/2 | 49 | 47 | " [[ditto for: W]] 6 P.M. | .82 | 50 | 49 | 48 1/2 | 47 1/2 | S [[/table]] [[end page]] [[start page]] 35 Morning foggy; later, rains. P.M. Rains hard with fog, heavy swell heaving in. Observations for dip and intensity in A.M. before breakfast; after breakfast, telemeter obs. and notes for a chart of the anchorage interrupted by heavy rain. Remainder of day foggy and story with falling barometer and heavy sell heaving in showing probably a S.W. gale [[outside?]]. [[line]] Sunday June 20/80 [[line]] [[page includes tables with 7 columns - "|" used to better distinguish separate column fields for readability.]] [[table]] Time. | Barom.| Dct. Ther.| dry b. | wet b. | Water | Wind. 6 A.M. | 29.90 | 46 | 47 | 46 1/2 | 46 | S. 12 M. | .98 | 48 1/2 | 49 1/2 | 49 | 46 1/2 | Calm 6 P.M. | .96 | 47 | 48 | 48 | 46 | " [[ditto for: Calm]] [[/table]] Morning overcast until nearly noon when rain begins again and lasts until night, then thick rainy and disagreeable. In the morning continue telemeter work and complete sketch of cove just as rain comes on. Finish seven ranges of soundings it being low water about 8 A.M. this day but not much rise or fall. Afternoon plot telemeter observations and obtain a few vertical angles on Three Hill Id. etc. Evening thick & raining hard.
36 [[line]] Monday June 21 / 80 [[line]] [[page includes tables with 7 columns - "|" used to better distinguish separate column fields for readability.]] [[table with 7 columns with headers Time, Bar., Dct. Ther., dry b., wet b., Water, Wind]] Time | Bar. | Dct. Ther. | dry b. | wet b. | Water | Wind 6 A.M. | 29.80 | 46 | 47 1/2 | 47 1/2 | 45 1/2 | N 12 M. | .80 | 49 | 50 | 50 1/2 | 46 1/2 | " [[ditto for: N]] 4 P.M. | .72 | 46 1/2 | 48 | 48 1/2 | 44 1/2 | Calm 8 " [[ditto for: P.M.]] | .68 | 48 | 48 1/2 | 49 | 47 1/2 | SW [["W" written over an "E"]] 12 " [[ditto for: P.M.]] | .80 | 45 | 49 | 49 1/2 | 48. | Calm [[/table]] Morning rainy wind light in the anchorage. Make ready for sea. Work over records About noon a little breeze springs up & we stand out of the anchorage, meeting a very heavy SW.[["W" written over an "E"]] swell and thick foggy and rainy weather, with very little wind until we reach out of the Sound when it blows strong from southward & westward. [[line]] Tuesday June 22 [[line]] [[table with 7 columns, headers inferred from previous table on page]] 4 A.M. | 29.82 [["9" written over an "8"]] | 44 1/2 | 45 1/2 | 46 | 46 | Calm 8 "[[ditto for: A.M.]]| .84 | 47 | 50 | 57 | 47 | S. 12 M. | .84 | 51 1/2 | 52 | 54 | 48 1/2 | " [[ditto for: S.]] 4 P.M | .85 | 47 | 50 1/2 | 49 | 46 | " [[ditto for: S.]] 8 " [[ditto for: P.M.]] | .89 | 47 | 47 | 46 1/2 | 46 | SE 12 " [[ditto for: P.M.]] | .90 | 45 | 47 | 46 1/2 | 46 | " [[ditto for: SE]] [[/table]] Wind very light with rain and fog and a very heavy swell. The vessel slatting until nearly every body is more or less unwell from [[end page]] [[start page]] 37 the stirring up. Had to take in sails at night to avoid slatting them to pieces. [[line]] Wednesday June 23 / 80 [[line]] [[page includes tables with 7 columns - "|" used to better distinguish separate column fields for readability.]] [[table with 7 columns with headers Time, Bar., Det Ther., dry b., wet b., Water, Wind]] Time | Bar. | Dct Ther. | dry b. | wet b. | Water | Wind 4 A.M [["4" written over a "6"]] | 29.98 | 44 | 48 | 47 | 46 | SE 8 " [[ditto for: A.M]] | .96 | 43 | 44 1/2 | 44 | 46 | E 12 M. | .96 | 44 | 46 | 47 | 46 | " [[ditto for: E]] 4 P.M. | .98 | 44 | 46 | 46 | 47 | " [[ditto for: E]] 8 " [[ditto for: P.M.]] | .96 | 44 | 46 1/2 | 45 1/2 | 47 | " [[ditto for: E]] [[/table]] Weather overcast foggy and showery at intervals. Sea smoothing down a little but wind still very light. Sight the low land between Dry Bay & Yakutat. The wind finally dies away so, that, in working into Port Mulgrave, we have at last to tow the vessel round the point with the boat. Anchor in Pt. Mulgrave about 10.30 P.M. [[line]] Thursday June 24 [[line]] [[table with 7 columns, headers inferred from previous table on page]] 6 A.M. | 30.06 | 44 | 45 1/2 | 45 | 48 | W 12 M. | .12 | 54 | 53 | 52 1/2 | 49 | " [[ditto for: W]] 6 P.M. | .28 | 51 | 52 | 51 1/2 | 49 | " [[ditto for: W]] [[/table]] Morning drizzling rain with some signs of lighting up later. Lowwater large about 8 A.M. Set up tent and work over dip & intensity at or near old magnetic Δ of 1874, on Point Turner. P.M. Rainy & foggy, later clears
[[see next page, scan page # 25 of 56, for transcription of pages numbered 38 and 39 in field book]] [[Transcription of piece of paper inserted between pages 38 and 39:]] Taylor Glacier 25 miles angle elev. 37'.10.
38 a little and we get time and astronomical azimuth. Evening , clears considerably. Mt. St. Elias etc, in full sight. [[line]] Friday June 25/80 [[line]] [[page includes table with 7 columns - "|" used to better distinguish separate column fields for readability.]] [[table]] Time. | Bar. | Dct. Ther.| dry b. | wet b. | Water | Wind 6 A.M. | 30.34 | 46 | 48 | 47 1/2| 47 1/2 | Calm 12 M. | .38 | 51 | 52 | 51 1/2| 49 1/2 | W 4 P.M. | .38 | 53 | 51 | 50 1/2| 51 | SE 8 " [[ditto for: P.M.] | .34 | 48 | 47 | 47 | 49 1/2| NW 12 " [[ditto for: P.M.]| .35 | 47 | 47 | 48 | 49 | " [[ditto for: NW]] [[/table]] Morning, wind light, sky half clear. Get out of Port Mulgrave. Prepare to take notes on coast between Yakutat and Kayak Id. The sky being clear the following angles were obtained on a prominent peak in the chain between Mt. St. Elias and Mt Cook which we decide to name after Malaspina. Corrected mean of four vertical sextant angles 2°.27'.50". Sounded here in sixty fathoms and found Ocean Cape bearing E. by S. 1/4 S. Krugloi Id. NE by E Pk St. Elias (approx) NW by W 1/2 W E. head Disenchantment Bay N 5/8 E. Point Manby. W. 1/2 S. The breakers off Pt. Phipps in one with outer-most land opp. shore W. by S. [[end page]] [[start page]] 39 Later, took the following bearings [[line]] Ocean Cape. E 1/4 N. Krugloi Id. NE S end Dolnoi Id. NE 1/2 N Centre Disenchantment Bay. N 1/2 E Pt. Manby. W N. end of trees on the shore NW 1/2 N Southern most edge of land W by S. 3/4 S. Nearest beach 2 1/2 miles off WNW. Later sounded in 21 fms mud [[line]] Point Manby WNW Ocean Cape E 1/2 S Disenchantment Bay NE by N 3/4 N [[strikethrough]] Outermost land [[/strikethrough]] Later, sounded in 10 fms. The shore at Point Manby being perhaps a little less than a mile and a half off, bottom hard with a good deal of growing kelp about. Pt. Manby bore NW Ocean Cape E 1/2 S Disenchantment Bay NE by N 3/4 N. Outermost land W. by S. In working slowly across the bay with very light wind and more or less swayed about by the tide two facts were developed. First, that Disenchantment Bay is con-
40 Friday June 25th cont. siderably further to the Northward than indicated by Tebenkoff and the north shore of the Yakutat Bay is considerably nearer the foot of the mountains than there indicated. For further notes on this point and on a peak of considerable height not before seen, behind the main chain, see notes on Tebenkoff and our own chart of this region. Mt. Fairweather showed up at sunset or a little before in one with Ocean Cape bearing East. The second point developed and which seemed at first incredible was the character of the great plateau in front of the St. Elias Alps on the north side of Yakutat. This appeared to be as follows. At the shore at Pt. Manby the beach was bordered by trees and a band of trees with high land or a low bluff (to all appearance) behind them extended eastward some miles as indicated by the preceding bearings. Near the point (northeastward) where the trees ended is a light or slight incurvature of the shore, beyond which it rounds out again forming another apparent point, with apparently an island off it. This, however from aloft proved to be connected with the main shore. In the [[end page]] [[start page]] 41 vicinity of this island-like point trees again border the beach. Within the beach for an unknown distance ^[[insertion]] back [[/insertion]] in a NW. direction the plateau is one great field of ice covered for the most part with dirt, but in the bight before indicated, there is a space for some miles where the surface is wholly composed of broken pinnacles of ice each crowned with a patch of dirt and standing up like prisms close to one another, decreasing in height from the summit of the plateau gradually in a sort of semicircular sweep toward the beach, near which however the dirt again predominates and forms the terminal moraine of this immense glacier for it is nothing else. Trains of large boulders were visible in several places, and the general course of the glacier was NW. and S.E. Between Disenchantment Bay and the foot of St. Elias, seventeen glaciers were counted, none of extraordinary size and the total of whose supply seemed far too little to supply the waste of the plateau glacier, to which those (which do
42 not reach the shore eastward of it, or cease before reaching it, as we could not see the joining of them anywhere) come in, in general, nearly at right angles. There was no névé to the plateau glacier and no high land back in the direction of its axis as far as we could see. Its surface was very dirty everywhere in fact mostly so covered with gravel stones &c, that only by a close view (several miles) could the icy substratum be determined, except at the part where the pinnacles were. Westward from Pt. Manby, if the ice existed (and it probably does exist under the soil) it was covered with a stratum of gravel or dirt, upon the seaward face of which were large patches of vegetation, and which formed bluffs perhaps 200 ft high as described by Belcher and seen by us in 1874. Off this bluff the soundings shoal off gradually with stony & sandy bottom with kelp growing on the stones. Ten fathoms are reached only a mile and a half from the shore. Evening comes on rather thick, light wind and drizzling rain toward midnight. [[end page]] [[start page]] 43 [[line]] Saturday June 26/80 [[line]] [[page includes tables with 7 columns - "|" used to better distinguish separate column fields for readability.]] [[table]] [[table headings:]] Time. | Bar. | Dct. ther. | dry b. | wet b. | Water.| Wind 4 A.M | 30.30 | 45 1/2 | 47 1/2 | 47 1/2 | 48 | NE 8 " [[ditto for: A.M.]]| .32 | 43 | 47 1/2 | 48 | 46 | " [[ditto for: NE]] 12 M | .29 | 49 | 49 | 49 1/2 | 47 1/2 | E. 4 P.M.| .23 | 47 | 49 | 50 | 46 | " [[ditto for: E.]] 8 " [[ditto for: P.M.]]| .20 | 48 | 50 | 49 | 47 | ESE. 12 " [[ditto for: P.M.]]| .18 | 47 1/2 | 49 | 48 1/2 | 46 1/2 | " [[ditto for: ESE.]] [[/table]] Morning thick, heavy swell, light wind & rain About 4 A.M. near Pt. Sitkagi of Tebenkoff Low Pt. of same authority dimly visible, low with trees. Beyond, the West shore of Icy Bay just perceptible; when first seen and a little clearer had the appearance of a glacier coming to the water. Shore near us, bluff, gravel or sand with some vegetation, and a sand beach extending along its front with low bright green willows on it. Soundings a mile off shore, pretty regular in ten fathoms with kelp growing on boulders in the bottom. As the weather offers no prospect consistent with prudence of doing more work along shore, put out from land for Chugachik Bay Cook's Inlet. Sea rather rough, wind favorable, a little smoother toward evening.
44 -Sunday- [[line]] June 27th 1880 [[line]] [[page includes tables with 7 columns - "|" used to better distinguish separate column fields for readability.]] [[Table]] [[Table headings:]] Time | Bar. | Dct. ther. | Dry b. | Wet b. | Water | Wind 4 AM. | 30.14 | 47 | 47 1/2 | 48 1/2 | 46 | E.S.E. 8 " [[ditto for: A.M.]]| .12 | 48 1/2 | 49 | 49 | 47 | " [[ditto for: E.S.E.]] 12 M. | .03 | 50 | 51 | 57 | 47 | " [[ditto for: E.S.E.]] 4 P.M. | .02 | 50 | 50 50 | 46 | " [[ditto for: E.S.E.]] 8 " [[ditto for: P.M.]]| .00 | 47 | 48 | 48 1/2 | 46 | SE. 12 " [[ditto for: P.M.]]| .00 | 46 | 47 | 47 1/2 | 47 | " [[ditto for: SE.]] [[/table]] Morning, fresh southerly wind with some sea on. Weather overcast and more or less foggy. P.M. Wind lighter. [[line]] Monday June 28/80 [[line]] [[table]] 4 A.M. | 30.08 | 44 | 45 1/2 | 45 1/2 | 46 | SE 8 " [[ditto for: A.M.]]| .09 | 46 | 48 | 49 | 45 1/2 | SE 12 M. | .12 | 50 | 52 | 51 1/2 | 45 1/2 | " [[ditto for: SE]] 4 P.M. | .10 | 50 | 50 | 50 | 45 | " [[ditto for: SE]] 8 " [[ditto for: P.M.]]| .09 | 46 | 47 1/2 | 48 | 44 | ESE 12 " [[ditto for: P.M.]]| .08 | 44 | 45 | 45 1/2 | 43 | " [[ditto for: ESE]] [[/table]] Morning overcast with occasional light showers. P.M. overcast, fair. Wind steady & favorable, moderate [[line]] Tuesday June 29th [[line]] [[table]] 4 A.M. | 30.04 | 46 | 44 | 45 | 43 | ESE 8 " [[ditto for: A.M.]]| .08 | 51 | 53 1/2 | 53 | 44 | E 12 M | .08 | 48 | 50 | 49 1/2 | 44 | " [[ditto for: E]] 4 P.M | .14 | 47 1/2 | 48 | 47 1/2 | 43 | Calm 8 " [[ditto for: P.M.]]| .02 | 46 | 48 | 47 1/2 | 44 | " [[ditto for: Calm]] 12 " [[ditto for: P.M.]]| .03 | 46 | 47 1/2 | 48 | 46 | " [[ditto for: Calm]] [[/table]] [[end page]] [[start page]] 45 Morning, overcast with some fog, wind light all day. Later, sun breaks out at frequent intervals alternating with showers. Turn out early to examine the Barren Islands to which we pass quite near. Make several views of them. Cannot make the bearings come right with the chart. They are as follows. From a point near Port Chatham the eastern edge of the Barren Ids. bears SE. by S. 1/2 S. Western edge of eastern group S. 1/4 E. Cape Elisabeth S.E. 3/4 E. Point Bede N. 3/4 E. The Barren Ids, as a group, seem well delineated, but the group seems badly placed on Tebenkoff's chart. In the afternoon pass Fort Alexander and a fishing station. Send the boat in for some salmon, but the fishing party (of natives) retreat to the hill being probably all women, and there seems to be only one fish in the camp. Evening, pretty well up in Chugachik Bay, but the wind gives out and the weather is very moderate.
46 [[line]] Wednesday June 30/80 [[line]] [[page includes table with 7 columns - "|" used to better distinguish separate column fields for readability.]] [[table]] [[table headings:]] Time. | Bar. | Dct. Ther. | Dry b. | Wet b. | Water | Wind 4 A.M.| 30.04 | 44 1/2 | 47 | 46 | 45 1/2 |Calm 8 " [[ditto for: A.M.]]| | .06 | 45 | 47 | 47 | 46 1/2 | " [[ditto for: Calm]] 12 M. | .10 | 51 | 51 | 50 1/2 | 49 | SW 6 P.M. | .12 | 52 | 54 | 53 1/2 | 48 |SE [[/table]] Weather half cloudy, with occasional light showers nearly all day. A.M. calm or nearly. P.M. quite a squall for a short time, then light again, and clears about sunset. Anchor near ^ [[insertion]] Coal Pt. [[/insertion]] Chugachik Bay about 5 A.M. in six fms mud. Go ashore and select a station. Obserations for azimuth dip, time & intensity latitude and magnetic azimuth. Meet an old native here who informs me that the bay was completely frozen over last winter which was the coldest in his recollection. They have the ordinary salmon here usually by this time (but this is a late season in all things) but the king salmon only further up Cook's Inlet. There are reindeer here but not easily accessible at this season. There are large crabs (Maia) and halibut, but no cod- [[end page]] [[start page]] 47 fish except sick ones. Herring in windrows were thrown up on the beach or marshes by a very high tide four days ago There are four glaciers in sight on the SE side of the Bay, which is of high rugged and broken topography and composed chiefly of metamorphic rocks. The NW side is very uniform, high bluffs forming the edge of a table-land, with talus or low land extending a little toward the bay in front. The shore on this side is very uniform and rather shoal. The coal strata dip to the northward slightly and are intercalated with sandstones shales etc. bearing the impressions of fossil wood & leaves. The largest seam is some seven feet thick with a few thin seams of shale in it. The character of the coal is in general like that at Unga but of a rather better quality and much larger quantity. The shores are well-wooded with spruce alder, birch, poplar etc. The beaches are mostly gravel and show few sea weeds but kelp and very few shells. There is no settlement at Coal Point.
48 [[line]] Thursday July 1st/80 [[line]] [[page includes tables with 7 columns - "|" used to better distinguish separate column fields for readability.]] [[table]] [[Table headings:]] Time. | Bar. | Dct. Ther. | Dry b. | Wet b. | Water | Wind 6 A.M. | 30.18 | 48 | 49 1/2 | 49 | 47 | NE 12 M. | 16 | 55 1/2 | 61 1/2 | 58 | 55 | Calm 6 P.M. | 10 | 50 | 52 1/2 | 52 | 48 1/2 | SW. [[/table]] Morning nearly clear. Later clears away. Evening perfectly clear and calm. Observations for time latitude and azimuth (astr. & mag.) all very good. Sent the boat out fishing. Get several halibut and a good many of the large crabs, which are excellent eating. Try the seine and get several barrels of small herring. Work over notebooks and records in P. M. [[line]] Friday July 2nd [[line]] [[table]] 6 A.M. | 29.98 | 44 1/2 | 46 | 45 1/2 | 48 | NE 12 M. | .92 | 50 1/2 | 51 1/2 | 51 | 48 | Calm 6 P.M. | .88 | 50 | 52 1/2 | 53 1/2 | 48 1/2 | Baffling [[/table]] Morning overcast, calm; P.M. overcast wind very light, and about 5 o'clock begins to rain but this ceases later in the evening. Take the large cutter and proceed to the spit infront of the largest glacier visible; in the morning. Walk about three miles over a gravel flat or plain which [[end page]] [[start page]] 49 descends in a gentle slope from the foot of the ice to the sea and is cut up with watercourses of which all but one or two are dry. Ascend the glacier for a short distance and return to the boat saw many bear tracks. One of the party killed a porcupine. From the spit take a number of angles and bearings to correct the chart of the bay. The height of the station is 24 ft. 6 in. above the water. Instrument U.S.C.S. Theodolite no. 122. We call the station Glacier Spit. [[light pencil]] 17 1/2 [[/light pencil]] General direction of the beach S 60 1/2 E Point in small bight to eastward S 43 E Hor. angle 0°.0'.0'. Point on opposite shore of bight S 41 E further in 2°.02' Opposite Head of bight, South, 44°.47' Pt. same shore further on S 26 3/4 W. 72°.13' Inner edges islet beyond S. 30 W. 75.53 Outer " " " [[dittos for: edges islet beyond]] S. 31 W. 76.49 Main shore beyond is nearly in one with this islet. Rock beyond S 33 1/2 W 78° 13' End of Coal Pt at water's edge S 49 1/2 W 94 14 1st of the seven trees on the Pt. S 51 W 96 33 7th tree S 51 1/2 W 97 01
50 Anchorage Coal Pt. S54W 99°.01'.30 A B Schooner vert. < water's edge 359°.55'. 179.54 55°.179.54 Dir. """""[[dittos for: Dir. Schooner vert. <]] top main mast 0.01 1/2 180.01 1/2 Rev. """[[dittos for: Schooner vert. <]] water's edge 179.57 359.58 """"[[dittos for: Rev. Schooner vert. <]]top main mast 180.11 0 08 1/2 Dir. """[[dittos for: Schooner vert. <]]water's edge 180.01 0 00 """"[[dittos for" Dir. Schooner vert. <]]top main mast 180.09 1/2 0 09 1/2 Rev. """[[dittos for: Schooner vert. <] water's edge 0.06 180 06 """"[[dittos for: Rev. Schooner vert. <]] top main mast 359 57 179 58 Height of mainmast above water line 99 f. 6 in Low neck, W end Coal Pt. S.66 1/2 W. 109.45 Watering place, approx S.80W 123.18 General trend of beach (spit) N.51W. 172 18 N14W. 209 18 Foot of hill opp. side Gl. spit. N9W. 214 18 Edge of trees this side do [[ditto for: Gl. spit]] N31E. 254 18 Mountain N. of Glacier N69E. 292 18 approx " [[ditto for: Mountain]] S. "" [[dittos for: of Glacier]] N88E 311 18 Point of starting S42 3/4 E 0°.0'. Observations ended we return to the vessel It begins to rain and the wind dies away Caught a halibut near the spit, which weighed 132 pounds, several smaller halibut and a large number of the large edible crabs. [[end page]] [[start page]] 51 [[line]] Saturday July 3rd/80 [[line]] [[page includes table with 7 columns - "|" used to better distinguish separate column fields for readability.]] [[table]] [[table headings:]] Time. | Bar. | Dct.Ther. | dry b. | wet b. | water. | wind. 6 A.M. | 29.84 | 48 1/2 | 49 1/2 | 49. | 48 | Baffling 12 M. | .82 | 52 1/2 | 56 1/2 | 55 1/2 | 47 1/2 | SW 4 P.M. | .77 | 46 | 51 | 52 | 47 | " [[ditto for: SW]] 8 " [[ditto for: P.M.]] | .78 | 47 | 49 | 49 1/2 | 46 | Calm 12 "[[ditto for: P.M.]]| .68 | 46 | 47 1/2 | 47 1/2 | 43 |" [[ditto for: Calm]] [[/table]] Weather overcast, fair. Begins calm, afterward a light breeze, later calm again. Flood tide in P.M. about 5.30 Go ashore on Coal Pt. and take a series of angles bearings and measurements to correct sketch of the Bay, with, Theod. 123 & tel. Return on board at 12.30 At 1.15 P.M. weigh anchor and stand off and on down the bay toward Graham Harbor. [[line]] Sunday Judy 4th [[line]] [[table]] 4 A.M. | 29.64 | 46 | 47 | 47 1/2 | 44 | N 8 " [[ditto for: A.M.]]| .54 | 49 | 51 | 50 1/2 | 55 | " [[ditto for: N]] 12 M. | .50 | 56 | 59 1/2 | 57 1/2 | 46 | ESE 4 P.M. | .60 | 45 | 58 | 56 | 45 | SW 8 "[[ditto for: P.M.]] | .64 | 52 1/2| 55 | 54 1/2 | 46 |" [[ditto for: SW]] [[/table]] Anchor under Dangerous Cape, opposite the ruins of the old Russian establishment, about 6 A.M. in 9 fms. black sand, Graham Harbor. Weather half cloudy, the sun out at times
52 at other times light showers. P.M. Heavy rain squalls from the head of the bay; later rains ceases and wind becomes lighter and less squally. Morning, get time azimuth and bearings on points of land in sight. P.M. some altitudes for time before squalls commence. In the morning after observations terminate visit the remains of the Russian post which contained a steam sawmill coal mine, shops for iron working & repairs barracks, church and numerous houses all of which were very substantially built and have suffered, not from decay but from being looted by the natives since the Russians left. Evening, take the cutter and visit the trading post and village on the other side of the entrance to Graham Harbor. Saw the agent, a Mr. Cohen who has been here eleven years. The Lancashire Witch was here May 5th and left for Kat'-chig-mak Gulf May 8th. Last winter was the coldest ever known here. 100 otters were obtained here in trade. Cook's Inlet was completely frozen over but he had no thermometer to determine the range [[end page]] [[start page]] 53 of temperature. The natives here are Eskimo of the Chugachigmut type; from Anchor Point northward the Kenai'ana' Indians inhabit the coast. Return to ship, 9 P.M. [[line]] Monday July 5th/80 [[line]] [[page includes table with 7 columns - "|" used to better distinguish separate column fields for readability.]] [[Table]] [[Table headings:]] Time | Bar. | Oct. Ther. | Dry b. | Wet b. | Water. | Wind. 4 A.M. | 29.60 | 47 | 48 1/2 | 48 1/2 | 44 1/2 | Calm 8 " [[Ditto for: A.M.]] | .55 | 49 | 53 | 52 1/2 | " " [[Dittos for: 44 1/2 | Calm]] 12 M. | .44 | 51 1/2 | 54 1/2 | 53 1/2 | " [[Ditto for: 44 1/2]] | NE 4 P.M | .37 | 49 | 51 | 50 1/2 | " [[Ditto for: 44 1/2]] | Calm 8 " [[Ditto for: P.M]] | .33 | 46 1/2 | 48 | 47 1/2 | " [[Ditto for: 44 1/2]] | Baffling Weather overcast. Wind at first light, later breezes up somewhat with heavy sea rolling in from S. & E. rain and fog. Morning four Kadiak who have been separated from their families since last September and have begged permission to work their passage to Kadiak, come aboard. Also Mr. Cohen with letters for Kadiak. About 9.30 A.M. stand out with a light breeze which dies away and leaves us at the mercy of a very heavy swell due to a gale somewhere outside, which is otherwise only reflected in the low barometer here. As the weather becomes very nasty with strong head tide and little wind I decide
54 to go into Port Chatham. The wind however does not hold out and we are obliged to anchor outside, under shelter of Cape Elisabeth in 9 fms hard bottom at 9 P.M. Get a number of angles and bearings on adjacent points of land showing it to be incorrectly laid down on the charts. [[line]] Tuesday July 6 / 80[[line]] [[page includes tables with 7 columns - "|" used to better distinguish separate column fields for readability.]] [[table]] [[table headings:]] Time. | Bar. | Ther. | Dry b. | Wet b. | Water | Wind 6 A.M. | 29.42 | 45 | 46 | 46 | 46 | Baffling 12 M. | .50 | 47 | 48 1/2 | 48 1/2 | 48 1/2| Calm 6 P.M. | .54 | 46 1/2| 48 | 48 | 47 | " [[Ditto for: Calm]] [[/table]] Weather rainy nearly calm. Barometer still very low. Try to get into Port Chatham but are prevented by the tide. Obtain numerous angles & bearings. Anchor again near the NW. head of Port Chatham. Go into the port with the sternboat, in the P.M. and draw the seine getting some small salmon and a good many trout. Evening calm. [[line]] Wednesday July 7th[[line]] [[table]] 6 A.M. | 29.62 | 46 1/2 | 48 | 48 | 44 1/2 | Calm 8 " [[Ditto for: A.M.]] | .62 | 48 1/2 | 50 | 50 | 45 | " [[Ditto for: Calm]] 12 M. | .65 | 50 1/2 | 54 | 53 1/2 | 44 1/2 | SE 4 P.M. | .68 | 48 1/2 | 49 1/2 | 49 1/2 | 45 | " [[Ditto for: SE]] 8 " [[Ditto for: P.M.]] | .70 | 48 | 48 | 48 | 44 1/2 | " [[Ditto for: SE]] 12 " [[Ditto for: P.M.]]| .78 | 45 1/2 | 47 | 47 1/2 | 45 | " [[Ditto for: SE]] [[/table]] [[end page]] [[start page]] 55 Morning; baffling winds or calms. Occasional showers. P.M. wind fresher at times but mostly light overcast and showery. About 9.30 A.M. stand out and vainly attempt with the light wind to beat through the passage eastward from the Barren Ids., finally going to the westward from them and taking a variety of angles and bearings to determine their position & height. Fine sunset. [[line]] Thursday July 8th/80[[line]] [[page includes tables with 7 columns - "|" used to better distinguish separate column fields for readability.]] [[table]] [[table headings:]] Time | Bar. | Ther. | Dry b. | Wet b. | Water. | Wind. 4 A.M. | 29.80 | 45 | 46 | 46 | 43 1/2 | SE. 8 " [[Ditto for: A.M.]] | 29.91 | 44 1/2 | 46 | 46 | 43 | " [[Ditto for: SE.]] 12 M. | 29.97 | 44 1/2 | 46 1/2 | 46 1/2 | 42 1/2 | " [[Ditto for: SE.]] 4 P.M. | 30.03 | 45 | 46 | 46 1/2 | 43 | " [[Ditto for: SE.]] 8 " [[Ditto for: P.M.]] | 30.08 | 46 | 46 | 46 | 44 | " [[Ditto for: SE.]] 12 " [[Ditto for: P.M.]]| 30.10 | 44 1/2 | 46 | 46 1/2 | 43 1/2 | " [[Ditto for: SE.]] [[/table] Weather overcast & rainy all day. Wind moderate, toward evening nearly calm. Beating toward Kadiak along the eastern shore of Afognak. Toward night catch a good many cod and halibut on the 30 fm bank off the Id. [[line]] Friday July 9th [[line]] [[table]] 4 A.M. | 30.11 | 46 | 46 | 46 | 44 | SSE 8 " [[Ditto for: A.M.]] | .12 | 47 | 47 1/2 | 49 | 45 | " [[Ditto for: SSE]] 12 M. | .10 | 49 | 52 | 50 1/2 | 45 | S E by E. 4 P.M. | 30.00 | 55 1/2 | 60 1/2 | 59 1/2 | 46 | " [[Ditto for: S E by E.]] 8 " [[Ditto for: P.M.]] | 29.95 | 50 | 52 | 51 1/2 | 45 | " [[Ditto for: S E by E.]] [[/table]]
56 A.M. wind very light, later fresh but hardly blowing home. Weather fine, fogbank in the distance but day mostly clear. Beating toward St. Paul Harbor all the morning. Anchor in Chagafka Cove about 2 P.M. Go ashore immediately and reoccupy the old astronomical and magnetic stations, getting time, astronomical and magnetic azimuth. Mr. Baker in the evening goes to Woody Island, and obtains from Mr. Pavloff, assistant agent at the Ice Company's establishment, the copy of the records of meteorological observations for the last twelve years taken at that station by the different agents. [[line]] Saturday July 10/80 [[line]] [[page includes table with 7 columns - "|" used to better distinguish separate column fields for readability.]] [[table]] [[table headings:]] Time | Barom. | Ther. | Dry b. | Wet b. | Water. | Wind. 6 A.M. | 29.84 | 46 1/2 | 47 1/2 | 47 1/2 | 44 1/2 | NE. 12 M. | .78 | 48 | 49 | 49 | 44 1/2 | " [[Ditto for: NE.]] 6 P.M. | .76 | 48 1/2 | 49 | 49 | 44 1/2 | NNE. [[/table]] Weather foggy and rainy all day. Wind light. Assist tidal observer in putting up his guage & work over copying records. Get from Mr.Fisher record of meteorological observations for two winters, taken by Mr. Harry P. Cope at North Foreland Cook's Inlet. [[end page]] [[start page]] 57 [[line Sunday July 11/80 [[line]] [[page includes tables with 7 columns - "|" used to better distinguish separate column fields for readability.]] [[table]] 6 A.M. | 29.69 | 46 1/2 | 47 1/2 | 47 1/2 | 44 1/2 | NW 12 M. | .68 | 50 1/2 | 52 1/2 | 52 | 45 | N 6 P.M. | 68 | 48 1/2 | 49 1/2 | 49 | 45 | " [[ditto for: N]] [[/table]] Go over to Woody Id. and determine Character and position of instruments which were used in making observations referred to as taken by the Ice Companys agent. Wind fresh and squally. Weather overcast & foggy. [[line Monday July 12 [[line]] [[table]] 6 A.M. | 29.78 | 46 | 46 1/2 | 46 1/2 | 44 | NE 12 M. | .92 | 47 | 48 | 48 | 44 | " [[ditto for: NE]] 6 P.M. | .94 | 46 1/2 | 47 1/2 | 48 | 44 1/2| " [[ditto for: NE]] [[/table]] Morning rainy, foggy, with fresh gusts of wind. P.M. same with lighter winds. Set up a tent and get observations for dip and intensity. At work on tide guage. [[line]] Tuesday July 13 [[line]] [[table]] 6 A.M. | 29.97 | 46 | 46 1/2 | 47 | 47 | NE. 12 M. | 30.00 | 47 | 47 | 47 | 44 1/2 | " [[ditto for NE.]] 6 P.M. | 29.91 | 51 1/2 | - | - | 44 1/2 | N. [[/table]] Morning rainy & foggy, clears a little toward night. Wind moderate or light. Send the boat for fish and get a boatload of salmon & trout at one haul. [[line across page]] [[table]] [[table headings:]] Time | Bar. | Ther. | Dry b. | Wet b. | Water | Wind
58 [[line]] Wednesday July 14/80 [[line]] [[page includes tables with 7 columns - "|" used to better distinguish separate column fields for readability.]] [[table]] [[table headings:]] Time. | Barom. | Ther. | Dry b. | Wet b. | Water | Wind 8 A.M. | 29.82 | 46 1/2 | 48 | 48 | 44 | N 12 M | .72 | 47 | 51 1/2 | 50 1/2 | 45 | " [[ditto for: N]] 4 P.M. | .60 | 46 | 47 1/2 | 47 1/2 | 45 1/2 | NNW 8 " [[ditto for: P.M.]] | .62 | 47 | 47 1/2 | 47 1/2 | 46 1/2 | NNE 12 " [[ditto for: P.M.]] | .70 | 48 | 48 | 48 | 47 | NE [[/table]] Start out about 5 A.M. with a strong breeze & heavy sea abeam. Weather rainy & foggy, too rough to work on records but making good progress westward. [[line]] Thursday July 15th [[line]] [[table]] 4 A.M. | 29.75 | 46 1/2 | 48 1/2 | 48 1/2 | 47 1/2 | NE 8 " [[ditto for: A.M.]] | .75 | 49 | 48 | 48 | 48 | " [[ditto for: NE]] 12 M. | .80 | 50 | 57 1/2 | 53 1/2 | 46 1/2 | " [[ditto for: NE]] 4 P.M. | .85 | 49 | 50 | 49 1/2 | 46 | NNE 8 " [[ditto for: P.M.]] | .88 | 47 | 49 | 49 1/2 | 46 | NW 12 " [[ditto for: P.M.]] | .88 | 46 | 48 | 48 1/2 | 47 | " [[ditto for: NW]] [[/table]] Weather rainy & foggy clearing at night. Wind lighter & sea easier than yesterday. [[line]] Friday July 16th [[line]] [[table]] 4 A.M. | 29.87 | 46 | 48 | 48 | 47 1/2 | NW 8 " [[ditto for: A.M.]] | .82 | 49 | 48 1/2 | 48 1/2 | 48 | WNW 12 M. | .76 | 52 | 55 1/2 | 54 1/2 | 45 | " [[ditto for: WNW]] 4 P.M. | .74 | 51 | 54 1/2 | 53 1/2 | 45 1/2 | SW 8 " [[ditto for: P.M.]] | .70 | 48 1/2 | 49 | 49 | 44 1/2 | " [[ditto for: SW]] [[/table]] [[end page]] [[start page]] 59 Morning fine and clear becoming foggy in the evening. Wind squally all day. Desiring to utilize the fine weather (& making the Shumagins at daybreak with a prospect of not reaching our station at Humboldt Harbor until the afternoon) put into Northwest Harbor anchoring about 1 P.M. and going ashore at once obtain observations for magnetic and astronomical azimuth dip, intensity and time. Cross over the divide and examine Sandy Bay which is not exactly accurate on the chart. [[line]] Saturday July 17/80 [[line]] [[page includes table with 7 columns - "|" used to better distinguish separate column fields for readability.]] [[table]] [[table headings:]] Time | Bar. | Dct ther. | Dry b. | Wet b. | Water. | Wind. 4 A.M. | 29.54 | 47 1/2 | 48 1/2 | 48 1/2 | 47 | SW 8 " [[ditto for: A.M.]] | .45 | 47 1/2 | 48 1/2 | 48 1/2 | 48 | " [[ditto for: SW]] 12 M. | .35 | 47 1/2 | 49 | 48 1/2 | 46 | " [[ditto for: SW]] 6 P.M. | .33 | 46 1/2 | 48 | 48 | 44 | NE [[/table]] Morning overcast with showers. P.M. rainy & foggy. Wind fresh in A.M. Stronger, growing to a stiff gale in P.M. Stand out of Northwest Harbor about 5.30 A.M. passing north of Big Koniushi and Nagai whose northern points in one bore W. [[strikethrough]] 3 [[/strikethrough]] 1/4 S. Peninsula Island in one with Wedge Cape bore E. by S. 3/4 S. and Castle Rock in one with
60 Wedge Cape E.by N.1/2N. Pass two schooners and many dories fishing and get into Humboldt Harbor about 1.10 P.M. The Caecilia a small schooner from Coal Harbor for Pirate's Cove puts in at the same time manned by three Portuguese. Afternoon working on records. [[line]] Sunday July 18/80 [[line]] [[page includes tables with 7 columns - "|" used to better distinguish separate column fields for readability.]] [[table]] [[table headings:]] Time | Bar. | Ther. | Dry b. | Wet b. | Water | Wind 6 A.M. | 29.26 | 47 | 47 | 47 1/2 | 44 1/2 | NE 12 M. | .32 | 47 1/2 | 49 1/2 | 49 1/2 | 44 | NNE 6 P.M. | .44 | 51 | 50 1/2 | 50 | 45 | " [[ditto for: NNE]] [[/table]] Weather rainy, cloudy in P.M. Wind light, evening calm. Search for rock reported by Caton without success. Schr. Unga from Pirate's Cove for Delaroff passes through. The master had not heard of any such rock through he has navigated hearabouts for five years. [[line]] Monday July 19th [[line]] [[table]] 6 A.M. | 29.59 | 45 | 46 1/2 | 46 | 44 | Baffling 12 M. | .52 | 50 1/2 | 51 | 51 | 46 | " [[ditto for: Baffling]] 6 P.M. | .42 | 50 | 51 | 51 | 46 | WNW. [[/table]] Morning, very early, clear soon clouding over and becoming cold with several rainsqualls. Wind at first light or none, strong and squally in P.M. Observations for dip, intensity & [[end page]] [[start page]] 61 declination. Take our cutter and go round to Pirate's Cove, obtaining angles and bearings there from to fix position. Potatos turnips and radishes have been tried here large crop of potatos succeeded at Coal Harbor. About 15 white men at this place engaged in fishing. Reach vessel on our return at 7.15. ([[line]] Tuesday July 20/80 [[line]] [[page includes tables with 7 columns - "|" used to better distinguish separate column fields for readability.]] [[table]] [[table headings:]] Time. | Barom. | Ther. | dry b. | wet b. | Water. | Wind 6 A.M. | 29.45 | 44 | 46 1/2 | 46 1/2 | 45 | WNW 12 M. | .48 | 48 1/2| 47 1/2 | 46 | 45 1/2| " [[ditto for: WNW]] 6 P.M. | .48 | 49 | 52 1/2 | 52 | 46 1/2| " [[ditto for: WNW]] [[/table]] Cloudy with showers most of the day clearing away toward night. Wind blowing very fresh all day. Search for Caton's rock but the wind is too high to do anything satisfactory. Work over records. [[line]] Wednesday July 21st [[line]] [[table]] 6 A.M. | 29.55 | 46 |48 | 48 | 45 1/2 | NW 12 M. | .62 | 50 |52 1/2 | 52 1/2 | 44 1/2 | N 4 P.M. | .69 | 52 |52 1/2 | 53 | 47 | NW 8 " [[ditto for: P.M.]] | .81 | 49 |50 | 50 1/2 | 46 1/2 | " [[ditto for: NW]] 12 " [[ditto for: P.M.]] | .78 | 46 1/2 |48 | 48 | 45 1/2 | Calm [[/table]] Morning early, clear & calm, soon clouding over; later half cloudy. Wind moderate, strong in P.M.
62 Send the boat out early and succeed in finding the shoal patch in the strait. At low water, Capt Herendeen finds 3 fms; end of spit ˄[[insertion]] Unga Reefs [[/insertion]] in one with south end of Range Id. & NE. point of Popoff Id N. by E. 1/2 E.; Sand point, SE. by S. 1/2 S. The least water on it is 2 3/4 fms. With the west end Range Id & spit ˄[[insertion]] Unga Reefs [[/insertion]]in one. NW. point Popoff N. by E. 3/4 E. Sand point SE. by S. 1/2 S. There were three sounds at that depth and the shoal is about seventy five feet long & quite narrow. The bottom was clearly visible, without rocks and covered with clam shells and gravel. After breakfast stand out of Humboldt Harbor for Belkoffsky going to the Southward of Unga. Take many bearings on the land as we progress, and, arriving in the rocky region decide to lie to off Dolgoi Id. during the night. [[line]]Thursday, July 22/80 [[line]] [[page includes table with 7 columns - "|" used to better distinguish separate column fields for readability.]] [[table]] [[table headings:]] Time.| Barom. | Ther. | dry b. | wet b. | Water. | Wind. 4 AM | 29.82 | 46 | 47 | 47 1/2 | 46 | NW 8 " [[Ditto for: AM]] | .86 | 64 1/2 | 51 1/2 | 51 | 47 | Baffling 12 M. | .86 | 65 | 51 1/2 | 51 | 47 | " [[Ditto for: Baffling]] 4 P.M. | .89 | 56 1/2 | 60 | 59 | 48 1/2 | " [[Ditto for: Baffling]] 8 " [[Ditto for: P.M.]] | .95 | 50 1/2 | 52 | 52 | 46 1/2 | NW. [[/table]] [[end page]] [[start page]] 63 Weather fine, clear with passing clouds all day. Wind light to moderate. Occupy most of the early part of the day taking bearings from the ship. As the wind is too light to admit of getting the vessel to Belkoffsky before night we take the boat and go ashore on the south cape of Dolgoi Island. At the top of a small gravel beach just inside the Cape, establish our astronomical station where we obtain latitude and time; from a station about 250 feet above the sea on top of the Cape get a series of angles and bearings on the myriad rocks and islands in the vicinity, with a few observations for azimuth. Build a cairn on the site of the station and return to the vessel about 3.45 Proceed toward Belkoffsky but owing to light winds it is midnight before we can come to anchor about a mile off shore from the town in 20 fms, shelly & gravelly bottom. Bearings from the ship were taken during the afternoon.
64 [[line]] Friday July 23rd 1880 [[line]] [[page includes table with 7 columns - "|" used to better distinguish separate column fields for readability.]] [[Table]] [[Table headings:]] Time. | Barom. | Ther. | Dry b. | Wet b. | Water | Wind. 6 A.M. | 29.97 | 48 | 48 | 48 | 46 | N 12 M. | 30.01 | 53 | 55 | 54 | 47 | SSE 6 P.M. | 30.02 | 56 1/2 | 54 | 54 | 47 | " [[ditto for: SSE]] [[/table]] Morning foggy, wind light. Later the fog rises and becomes so thin that the sun is visible through it. Get obs. for latitude, time, azimuth dip and intensity from a station at top of beach on the edge of a grassy flat; in front of the town which is situated on a moderately high bluff bank behind this flat. There is a high very steep ridge immediately behind the village; a low flat, with a stream, to the eastward, and a mountain, trending with the Iliasik Ids. immediately beyond this flat. From a station on the top of the bluff, just beyond the village get a series of angles and bearings on surrounding objects, somewhat interfered with by fog. Population here half a dozen whites, a few Russians & creoles and 350 Aleuts, the adult males all hunters. The town is built of wood with few barraboras and a fine church is going up at the expense of the natives. Frost is agent & [[end page]] [[start page]] 65 has his wife and four children here. A creole named Pavloff and the Western Fur and Trading Co. have establishments here for trading beside the A.C.C.: The landing is very bad at low water being a boulder beach an eighth of a mile wide between the sand beach and water enough to float a boat. In rough weather a boat cannot land. Kelp extends off a third of a mile. They grow a few turnips but being all hunters or traders take little interest in agriculture. The rock here is a breccia of trachyte. Notes. There is a vein of good coal on the eastern head of Pavloff Bay. The extraordinary pinnacles seen yesterday in the midst of the Alaskan mountains are nearest to the head of Medvidniekoff Bay between ˄ [[insertion]] the hills at the head of [[/insertion]] which and the pinnacles (called Aghileen) is a glacier. They are at the SE. edge of a crater visible from the N. side of Aliaska and are inaccessible. A rock of doubtful existence, called Hennig's rock was reported by him in Lat. 54.22 20". Lon. 163°.03'1/2 No one else has seen or heard of it and the navigators hereabouts do not believe in its existence.
66 [[line]] Saturday July 24/80 [[line]] [[page includes tables with 7 columns - "|" used to better distinguish separate column fields for readability.]] [[table]] [[table headings:]] Time. | Barom. | Ther. | Dry b. | Wet b. | Water | Wind. 6 A.M. | 30.07 | 46 | 48 | 48 | 45 | SSE 12 M. | .20 | 52 1/2 | 52 1/2 | 52 | 47 1/2 | SE 6 P.M. | .14 | 48 1/2 | 50 | 50 | 47 | " [[ditto for: SE]] [[/table]] Day foggy with light or moderate breezes At 10.30 sail from Belkoffsky taking angles and bearings on the land adjacent At 2.30 P.M. anchor in the strait between Lisy or Fox Id. and Oleny or Deer Id. waiting for the weather to clear. Get angles from the top of the Fox Id. & from the ship for a sketch of the vicinity. [[line]] Sunday July 25th [[line]] [[page includes tables with 7 columns - "|" used to better distinguish separate column fields for readability.]] [[table]] 4 A.M. | 30.12 | 47 1/2 | 49 | 48 1/2 | 45 1/2 | ESE 8 " [[ditto for: A.M.]] | .11 | 47 | 48 1/2 | 48 1/2 | 47 1/2 | E 12 M. | .14 | 48 1/2 | 50 | 49 1/2 | 46 | ENE 4 P.M. | 29.80 | 46 | 49 | 49 1/2 | 46 | " [[ditto for: ENE]] 8 " [[ditto for: P.M.]] | .79 | 46 | 49 | 48 | 44 | " [[ditto for: ENE]] 12 " [[ditto for: P.M.]] | .76 | 46 | 50 | 49 | 45 1/2 | NNE [[/table]] Weather foggy with squalls of rain in P.M. very heavy SW. sea, moderate to strong gales from the eastward lighter in the evening. Get a few bearings in the A.M. Vessel under double reefed foresail & jib. Get through the Unimak Pass, after which the sea moderates. [[end page]] [[start page]] 67 [[line]] Monday July 26/80 [[line]] [[page includes tables with 7 columns - "|" used to better distinguish separate column fields for readability.]] [[table]] [[table headings:]] Time. | Barom. | Ther. | Dry b. | Wet b. | Water. | Wind. 4 A.M. | 29.70 | 46 | 49 | 49 1/2 | 45 | ENE 8 " [[ditto for: A.M.]] | .69 | 46 | 47 1/2 | 47 1/2 | 44 | E 12 M. | .70 | 49 | 50 | 50 | 43 | " [[ditto for: E]] 4 P.M. | .72 | 49 | 51 | 50 1/2 | 43 1/2 | N 8 " [[ditto for: P.M.]] | .74 | 46 | 48 | 48 1/2 | 43 | ENE 12 " [[ditto for: P.M.] | .73 | 47 | 47 | 48 | 43 | Calm [[/table]] Morning cloudy with some fog Wind light to moderate. When the fog clears up in P.M. find ourselves to the westward of Cape Cheerful in a nearly dead calm. Toward night clear, calm, later light airs. [[line]] Tuesday July 27th [[line]] [[table]] 4 A.M. | 29.83 | 45 | 46 1/2 | 46 1/2 | 43 1/2 | W. 8 " [[ditto for: A.M.]] | .90 | 46 | 48 1/2 | 48 | 45 | N. 12 M. | .94 | 48 | 48 1/2 | 49 | 48 1/2 | NE. 4 P.M. | .97 | 49 | 50 | 50 | 48 1/2 | " [[ditto for: NE]] 8 " [[ditto for: P.M.]] | 30.00 | 47 1/2 | 48 | 48 1/2 | 49 | " [[ditto for: NE]] [[/table]] Morning foggy followed by rain. Thick all day with light winds. Reach Iliuliuk Harbor about 8.15. The town has been much enlarged and improved. The cutter has been here and departed for the Arctic. From the Schr. Leo, captured and sent down by her it was learned that no
68 news had been received from the imprisoned whalers. The winter was fine here severe at the north and in St. Michaels & at St. Paul Id. St. Michael's was reached in the latter part of June at which time also the western side of Bering Strait was open but the eastern side blocked with ice. The barkentine Malay is in port discharging coal. The signals put up by us except one on top of a high hill, have been removed, doubtless for the lumber. About 3000 feet of lumber left here by us securely housed has been stolen outright and the house itself pulled to pieces and most of the lumber stolen. [[line]]Wednesday July 28/80 [[line]] [[page includes table with 7 columns - "|" used to better distinguish separate column fields for readability.]] [[table]] [[table headings:]] Time |Bar. |Ther |Dry b. |Wet b.| Water.|Wind 6 A.M. | 29.98 | 43 1/2 | 44 1/2 | 45 | 47 | NE 12 M.| .94 | 56 | 60 | 58 1/2 | 52 | " [[ditto for: NE]] 6 P.M. | .87 | 53 1/2 | 55 | 56| 52 | " [[ditto for: NE]] [[/table]] Weather foggy. Later clearing so that the sun can be seen through the fog, still later dense fog. Wind light all day. Obtain observations for time to rate [[end page]] [[start page]] 69 chronometers, astronomical and magnetic azimuth and dip. At work on accounts [[line]] Thursday, July 29/80 [[line]] [[page includes table with 7 columns - "|" used to better distinguish separate column fields for readability.]] [[table]] [[table headings:]] Time | Bar.| Ther |Dry b.|Wet b.| Water |Wind 6 A.M. | 29.86 | 46 1/2 | 47 1/2 | 47 | 48 | NW 12 M.| 29.92 | 52 1/2 | 59 | 57 1/2 | 49 1/2 | " [[ditto for: NW.]] 6 P.M. | 30.00 | 47 | 52 | 52 | 57 | " [[ditto for: NW.]] [[/table]] Weather foggy or overcast nearly all day, the sun peeping out a few times. Wind light. Day devoted to observations for dip and intensity and to working on accounts. In the morning Capt. Herendeen sounds on the 6 1/2 fm spot in Iliuliuk Harbor, and finds it a flat topped rock with 20 inches less than 6 fms on it, least water, at ordinary lowwater; small and rapidly falling off into 8 fms mud. Mr. King of the Western Fur & Trading Co gives some notes in regard to hydrographic observations in the Territory. There is a rock, half a mile to a mile off the east point of Attu. This is several feet above water with a passage behind it clear of dangers. There is a reef off Massacre Harbor Attu Id. in Lat. 54°43'. and Lon. 173°, half a mile long and ten feet high, not on the charts.
70 He could find none of the small bags indicated on the Rodgers chart in the coast of Agattu Id. and the natives said there were none. Two rocks near Amatignak are placed (on that chart) in the passage east of it, whereas they are still further to the eastward, out of the way. There is an anchorage on Amatignak, for a small vessel, between two points in 2 1/2 fms: a kelp patch at the entrance contained no dangers as far as he could determine. These facts were noted on our copy of the Rogers' chart. The chart taken down by Mr. Renshaw of the W. F. & G. Co. of the region about Sannakh, contains notes and improvements on the old Russian chart made by Pavloff at Belkoffsky, & can be seen at the company's office in San Francisco. [[line]] Friday, July 30./80 [[line]] [[page includes table with 7 columns - "|" used to better distinguish separate column fields for readability.]] [[table]] [[table headings:]] Time. | Bar. | Ther. | Dry b. | Wet b. | Water | Wind. 6 A.M. | 30.17 | 44 1/2 | 45 1/2 | 45 1/2 | 47 | Calm. 12 M. | .26 | 56 | 68 1/2 | 66 | 53 | NW. 6 P.M. | .27 | 58 | 67 1/2 | 66 | - | ENE. [[/table]] Weather foggy early in A. M. and late in P. M. Rest of day fine and nearly clear with moderate winds. Day devoted to work on secular variation of the compass and the reports & accounts which are to be mailed here. [[end page]] [[start page]] 71 [[line]] Saturday July 31/80 [[line]] [[page includes tables with 7 columns - "|" used to better distinguish separate column fields for readability.]] [[table]] [[table headings:]] Time. | Bar. | Ther. | Dry b. | Wet b. | Water | Wind 6 A.M. | 30.26 | 54 1/2 | 51 1/2 | 50 1/2 | 51 1/2 | SSE 12 M. | .26 | 56 | 61 | 60 1/2 | 52 | " [[ditto for: SSE]] 6 P.M. | 18 | 52 | 59 | 58 | 53 1/2 | " [[ditto for: SSE]] [[/table]] Morning cloudy with short intervals of sun light, with strong winds and heavy squalls. Later, rains very hard; wind shifting to S & E. with squalls and strong gusts of rain. Day devoted to records and accounts. [[line]] Sunday Aug. 1 [[line]] [table] 6 A.M. | 30.05 | 59 | 62 | 61 1/2 | 54 | SW 12 M. | 30.02 | 61 1/2 | 64 1/2 | 63 | 52 1/2 | " [[ditto for: SW]] 6 P.M. | 29.94 | 62 1/2 | 64 | 64 | 52 1/2 | S [[/table]] Morning cloudy with showers, the sun breaking through occasionally. Wind light. About 6 P.M. southeasterly gale begins and blows heavy especially about midnight with squalls and heavy rain. Steamer St. Paul arrives from Seal Ids. to sail for San Francisco on the 4th. Will carry our official mail. [[line]] Monday Aug 2nd [[line]] [[table]] 6 A.M. | 29.59 | 57 1/2 | 60 | 59 | 53 | SSE 12 M. | .78 | 58 1/2 | 62 | 60 | 46 | SW 6 P.M. | .90 | 55. | 56 1/2 | 56 | 45 | " [[ditto for: SW]] [[/table]]
72 Weather squally, weather cloudy but with glimpses of sun. Wind very high, preventing us from going to sea or doing any field work. Put official mail in the hands of Capt. Erskine of the Str. St. Paul and of Capt. Petersen of the barkentine Malay for San Francisco, and Port Townsend respectively Work over records and accounts. [[line]] Tuesday Aug. 3rd/80 [[line] [[page includes tables with 7 columns - "|" used to better distinguish separate column fields for readability.]] [[table]] [[table headings:]] Time. |Barom. |Ther. |Dry b. |Wet b. | Water. |Wind. 4 A.M. | 30.02 | 48 1/2 | 49 1/2 | 49 1/2 | 45 1/2 | SW. 8 " [[ditto for A.M.]]| .03 | 47 | 47 1/2 | 47 1/2 | 43 1/2 | WSW. 12 M. | .05 | 47 1/2 | 48 1/2 | 49 | 44 | " [[ditto for: WSW.]] 4 P.M. | .04 | 47 | 49 | 49 1/2 | 44 | " [[ditto for: WSW.]] 8 " [[ditto for P.M.]]| .04 | 46 1/2 | 48 | 48 1/2 | 44 | " [[ditto for: WSW.]] 12 "[[ditto for P.M.]]| .05 | 47 | 49 | 49 | 45 | " [[ditto for: WSW.]] [[/table]] Weather foggy wind moderate. Leave Unalashka about 4 A.M. and throughout the day go on our course for St. Paul Id. with little disturbance. Work over records & computations. [[line]] Wednesday Aug 4/80 [[line]] [[table]] 4 A.M. | 30.06 | 47 | 48 1/2 | 49 | 46 | W. 8 " [[ditto for A.M.]]| .06 | 48 | 49 1/2 | 49 1/2 | 47 | NW. by N. 12 M. | .11 | 47 | 50 | 51 | 47 | " [[ditto for: NW. by N.]] 4 P.M. | .12 | 48 1/2| 51 1/2 | 51 | 48 1/2 | NW. 8 " [[ditto for P.M.]]| .14 | 48 | 49 | 49 1/2 | 48 | " [[ditto for: NW.]] 12 "[[ditto for P.M.]]| .19 | 49 | 49 1/2 | 50 | 48 |SW [[/table]] [[end page]] [[start page]] 73 Wind very light. Sky partly sunny and partly overcast. Make very little headway. Work over records. [[line]] Thursday Aug.5/80 [[line]] [[page includes table with 7 columns - "|" used to better distinguish separate column fields for readability.]] [[table]] [[table headings:]] Time. |Barom. |Ther. |Dry b. |Wet b. | Water. |Wind. 4 A.M. | 30.16 | 46 1/2 | 48 | 48 1/2 | 47 | SW 8 " [[ditto for A.M.]]| .11 | 47 | 49 | 50 | 46 | " [[ditto for: SW]] 12 M. | .10 | 49 1/2 | 50 | 50 | 45 1/2 | " [[ditto for: SW]] 4 P.M. | .12 | 47 | 49 | 49 1/2 | 44 | " [[ditto for: SW]] 8 " [[ditto for P.M.]]| .02 | 47 | 48 1/2 | 49 | 44 | " [[ditto for: SW]] 12 "[[ditto for P.M.]]| 29.99 | 46 | 48 | 48 1/2 | 44 | " [[ditto for: SW]] [[/table]] Morning cloudy, sun out for an hour or two but foggy toward evening. Wind moderate. Pass the eastern end of St. George Id. about noon. At 4 P.M. anchor off Black Bluffs St. Paul Id. where we are boarded by several fishing boats, and later by Col. Otis, Special Agent at St. Paul and Mr. Armstrong agent of the A.C. Co. As the weather is unsettled conclude to send in instruments with Messrs Noyes & Baker to remain over night in case landing in the morning should prove impracticable. Go ashore with them and have some conversation with the residents. There are twenty five wooden buildings at St George including a rather nice looking church 20,000 seal taken there this year.
74 The winter was rather severe and the spring unusually late. The first landing at St. Paul was May 31st. The season so far has been one of the dryest known. No rain fell during July and during June & July there was no time when a landing could not be made and the usual work done. At St. Paul last winter about 11,000 seal were taken for food, of which 4000 furnished skins which were taken by the Company About 80,000 skins were taken and accepted and six or seven thousand in all rejected this year. Only 18 skins of the regular killing rejected on account of cutting. Sixty natives did the skinning and the quota was taken in thirty five days. No oil was taken this year. Last years oil sold for 35¢ per gallon and it does not pay. There are about 80 wooden buildings here including a fine church & schoolhouse. The latter has 30 scholars and they are taught by an Aleut of the name of Butrin who was educated in Vermont at the Company's cost. The meteorological observations are taken by the Company's agent here (Dr. Noyes) [[end page]] [[start page]] 75 The instruments are in the village school house and are at the top of the village bluff or very nearly. Seven cottages are to be put up this winter. They cost the Company about $400.00 each. There are only one or two baraboras left. There are seven whites on the island this season to winter here. For the Government, J.H. Moulton and Col. Otis on St. George and St. Paul respectively. Go aboard again at 8 P.M. [[line]] Friday Aug. 6 1880 [[line]] [[page includes table with 7 columns - "|" used to better distinguish separate column fields for readability.]] [[table]] [[table headings:]] Time | Bar. | Ther. | Dry b. | Wet b. | Water |Wind. 4 A.M. | 29.92 | 45 1/2 | 46 1/2 | 47 | 43 | SSW 8 " [[ditto for: A.M.]] | .87 | 46 | 47 | 47 1/2 | 43 1/2 | " [[ditto for: SSW]] 12 M. | .79 | 46 1/2 | 48 1/2 | 48 1/2 | 43 1/2 | " [[ditto for: SSW]] 4 P.M. | .68 | 48 1/2 | 48 1/2 | 48 1/2 | 43 1/2 | SSE 8 " [[ditto for: P.M.]] | .59 | 46 | 48 | 48 1/2 | 43 1/2 | " [[ditto for: SSE]] 12 " [[ditto for: P.M.]] | .38 | 46 | 48 | 47 1/2 | 47 | SE [[/table]] Morning mostly cloudy or foggy with the sun out for a few moments at a time. P.M. cloudy, wind moderate, at evening rising to a stiff gale. Observations for dip intensity & declination none first class but all very welcome, as the weather shows signs of becoming bad. Go ashore about 1 P.M. and visit
76 the Reef rookery with Col. Otis. Hurry the observers off as wind increases and getting aboard about 5 P.M. make sail at once, going round the southern part of the island and meeting a SW. swell which, had it risen before our departure would have interrupted all communication with the shore. [[line]] Saturday, Aug 7 1880 [[line]] [[page includes table with 7 columns - "|" used to better distinguish separate column fields for readability.]] [[table]] [[table headings:]] Time | Bar. | Ther. | Dry b. | Wet b. | Water. | Wind. 4 A.M. | 29.14 | 46 | 48 | 48 | 47 | SE. 8 " [[ditto for: A.M.]] 28.90 | 47 | 48 | 48 | 45 | ESE. 12 M. | .78 | 46 | 48 | 49 | 45 | " [[ditto for: ESE.]] 4 P.M. | .68 | 47 | 48 1/2 | 48 1/2 | 46 | " [[ditto for: ESE.]] (6 " [[ditto for: P.M.]] | .65) 8 " [[ditto for: P.M.]] | .68 | 47 | 48 1/2 | 48 1/2 | 46 1/2 | " [[ditto for: ESE.]] 12 " [[ditto for: P.M.]] | .77 | 46 | 48 | 48 | 47 | " [[ditto for: ESE.]] [[/table]] A very stiff gale blowing with the lowest barometer of the season. Rain & heavy sea. Heave the vessel to. All work interrupted. [[line]] Sunday Aug 8th [[line]] [[table]] 4 A.M. | 28.78 | 46 1/2 | 48 | 48 | 46 1/2 | ESE 8 " [[ditto for: A.M.]] | .88 | 47 | 49 | 49 | 46 | " [[ditto for: ESE]] 12 M. | .94 | 47 1/2 | 49 | 49 | 45 | " [[ditto for ESE]] 4 P.M. | 29.01 | 46 | 48 | 48 1/2 | 46 | " [[ditto for ESE]] 8 " [[ditto for P.M.]] | .01 | 46 | 46 1/2 | 47 1/2 | 44 | " [[ditto for ESE]] 12 " [[ditto for P.M.]] | .11 | 45 | 47 1/2 | 47 1/2 | 43 1/2 | " [[ditto for ESE]] [[/table]] [[end page]] [[start page]] 77 Wind fresh, sea high, making good headway under reefs but all work interrupted. Rain & fog all day. [[line]] Monday Aug. 9./80 [[line]] [[page includes table with 7 columns - "|" used to better distinguish separate column fields for readability.]] [[table]] [[table headings:]] Time. | Bar. | Ther. | Dry b. | Wet b. | Water. | Wind. 4 A.M. | 29.11 | 46 | 48 | 48 1/2 | 43 | ESE. 8 " [[ditto for: A.M.]] | .14 | 44 1/2 | 45 1/2 | 46 | 43 1/2 | E 12 M | .18 | 45 | 47 | 47 1/2 | 45 | " [[ditto for: E]] 4 P.M. | .20 | 45 1/2 | 47 1/2 | 47 1/2 | 44 1/2 | " [[ditto for: E]] 8 " [[ditto for: P.M.]] | .27 | 45 1/2 | 47 | 47 | 44 1/2 | " [[ditto for: E]] 12 " [[ditto for: P.M.]] | .30 | 46 | 47 | 47 | 45 | " [[ditto for E]] [[/table]] Rainy & foggy. Stiff breeze & heavy sea. Pass St. Mathew about 15 miles to the westward at 3 A.M. but see nothing in the fog. Keep on for Plover Bay. [[line]] Tuesday Aug 10th [[line]] [[table]] 4 A.M. | 29.32 | 45 1/2 | 47 | 47 | 44 1/2 | E 8 " [[ditto for: A.M.]] | .38 | 46 | 47 | 47 1/2 | 44 | " [[ditto for: E]] 12 M | .42 | 46 | 48 | 48 | 47 | " [[ditto for: E]] 4 P.M. | .43 | 46 | 46 | 46 1/2 | 44 | " [[ditto for: E]] 8 " [[ditto for: P.M.]] | .38 | 47 | 48 1/2 | 49 | 45 | NE 12 " [[ditto for: P.M.]] | .32 | 48 | 50 | 50 | 46 | E [[/table]] Morning foggy with rain. P.M. rain holds up at times. Wind moderate to light but heavy sea continues. In the morning make land, Cape Aggen, sixty miles to
78 the westward from Plover Bay, hearing NW. by N. about thirty miles. Beat to the eastward with light wind and heavy ^[[insertion]] head [[/insertion]] sea. Later foggy and rainy. Everybody pretty well disgusted by the constant pitching and tossing of the last few days. [[line]] Wednesday Aug. 11th 1880 [[line]] [[page includes table with 7 columns - "|" used to better distinguish separate column fields for readability.]] [[table]] [[table headings:]] | Time. | Bar. | Ther. | Dry b. | Wet b. | Water. | Wind.| | 4 A.M. | 29.39 | 45 | 47 1/2 | 48 | 43 | E | | 8 " [[ditto for: A.M.]] | .42 | 44 1/2 | 46 | 46 | 43 1/2 | " [[ditto for: E]] | | 12 M. | .52 | 46 | 48 | 48 1/2 | 46 | " [[ditto for: E]] | | 4 P.M. | .56 | 45 1/2 | 47 | 47 | 44 1/2 | " [[ditto for: E]] | | 8 " [[ditto for: P.M.]] | .60 | 45 | 47 | 47 | 44 | " [[ditto for: E]] | [[/table]] Morning, wind light and & so continues most of day. Heavy sea continues, weather overcast with occasional showers. In the afternoon finally get into Plover Bay entrance and meet the steamer Corwin of the U.S. Revenue service coming out, bound for St. Michaels after coaling. Captain Hooper comes aboard and informs us that three weeks ago the ice prevented his going further than Icy Cape, but a week ago he was within twenty miles of Herald Id. where most of the whales were, having had [[end page]] [[start page]] 79 good luck. All well on board. After going to St. Michaels he was going to Herald Id. and then over to the American coast again then to Unalashka and down by Oct. 1st. No news from the Jeannette or the whalers. Part company and then proceed into Plover Bay where we anchor in Port Providence about 10 P.M. in 17 fms. water Several canoes of dirty but goodnatured natives come alongside. [[line]] Thursday Aug. 12. [[line]] [[page includes tables with 7 columns - "|" used to better distinguish separate column fields for readability.]] [[table]] [[table headings:]] | Time. | Bar. | Ther. | Dry b. | Wet b. | Water. | Wind.| | 6 A.M. | 29.67 | 45 | 46 1/2 | 47 | 44 | N. | | 12 M. | .75 | 49 | 50 1/2 | 50 1/2 | 44 1/2 | S. | | 6 P.M. | .78 | 52 | 52 | 52 | 45 | Var. | [[/table]] Weather overcast with a few glimpses of sunshine. Wind quite light. Obs. for time dip, intensity, astronomical and magnetic declination, at, or very near, Onatsevich's station on the spit. [[line]] Friday Aug 13th [[line]] [[table]] | 6 A.M. | 29.78 | 46 | 46 1/2 | 46 1/2 | 44 1/2 | Var | | 12 M | .76 | 47 | 48 1/2 | 48 1/2 | 45 | " [[ditto for: Var]] | | 6 P.M. | .78 | 48 | 48 | 48 | 45 1/2 | S | [[/table]] Weather overcast with showers. Evening calm foggy. Throughout the day, wind light or none.
80 [[line]] Saturday Aug. 14 / 80 [[line]] [[page includes tables with 7 columns - "|" used to better distinguish separate column fields for readability.]] [[table]] [[table headings:]] | Time | Bar. | Ther. | Dry b. | Wet b. | Water | Wind| | 6 A.M. | 29.78 | 46 | 47 | 47 1/2 | 45 | S | | 12 M. | .78 | 49 1/2 | 50 | 50 | 45 1/2 | " [[ditto for: S]]| | 4 P.M. | .75 | 47 | 48 | 48 1/2 | 45 1/2 | SW | | 8 " [[ditto for: P.M.]] | .72 | 44 1/2 | 46 | 46 | 45 | " [[ditto for: SW]] | | 12 " [[ditto for: P.M.]] | .70 | 44 | 44 | 45 | 46 | Calm | [[/table]] Day foggy with about an hour's sunshine in the latter part of the afternoon. Wind none or light. Observations for fixing station. About 1.10 P.M. heave up anchor & drop out of Plover Bay with the tide, en route for Cape Lisburne. Later calm. [[line]] Sunday Aug. 15th [[line]] [[table]] | 4 A.M. | 29.68 | 42 | 41 1/2 | 41 1/2 | 35 | NE | | 8 " [[ditto for: A.M.]] | .61 | 44 | 38 1/2 | 39 | 36 | " [[ditto for: NE]]| | 12 M. | 56 | 48 | 51 1/2 | 51 | 38 | Calm | | 4 P.M. | .50 | 48 | 49 | 50 | 45 | " [[ditto for: Calm]] | | 8 " [[ditto for: P.M.]]| .48 | 46 | 47 | 48 | 44 1/2 | " [[ditto for: Calm]] | | 12 " [[ditto for: P.M.]] | .45 | 42 | 43 | 43 1/2 | 38 | N | [[/table]] Dead calm all day. Get sounding and bottom temperature off Cape Chaplin. Bottom gravelly. Some Eskimo come off from the village on the Cape. Weather half cloudy rains at night. [[end page]] [[start page]] 81 [[line]] Monday Aug. 16 / 80 [[line]] [[page includes tables with 7 columns - "|" used to better distinguish separate column fields for readability.]] [[table]] [[table headings:]] | Time | Bar. | Ther. | Dry b. | Wet b. | Water | Wind| | 4 A.M. | 29.42 | 41 1/2 | 44 | 45 | 37 1/2 | N | | 8 " [[ditto for: A.M.]] | .42 | 43 1/2 | 45 | 45 | 45 1/2 | NNE | | 12 M. | .41 | 46 | 46 | 45 1/2 | 46 1/2 | " [[ditto for: NNE]] | | 4 P.M. | .41 | 42 | 43 1/2 | 44 | 43 1/2 | N. by E. | | 8 " [[ditto for: P.M.]] | .38 | 41 | 43 | 43 | 41 1/2 | " [[ditto for: N. by E.]] | | 12 " [[ditto for: P.M.]] | 36 | 45 | 42 | 43 | 44 | " [[ditto for: N. by E.]] | [[/table]] Weather foggy with some rain. Wind moderate. Work over records & computations. [[line]] Tuesday Aug. 17 [[line]] [[table]] | 4 A.M. | 29.32 | 43 | 44 1/2 | 44 1/2 | 44 | NW | | 8 " [[ditto for: A.M.]] | .35 | 44 | 44 | 44 1/2 | 44 1/2 | Calm | | 12 M. | .35 | 43 1/2 | 44 | 44 1/2 | 44 | ENE | | 4 P.M. | .41 | 42 | 41 | 41 1/2 | 41 1/2 | NE | | 8 " [[ditto for: P.M.]] | .50 | 42 | 42 | 42 1/2 | 43 1/2 | " [[ditto for: NE]] | | 12 " [[ditto for: P.M.]] | .55 | 42 1/2 | 44 1/2 | 44 1/2 | 43 | ENE | [[/table]] Day foggy except about 2 hours in the P.M. Wind moderate morning & evening, fresh in the middle of the day. At 8 A.M. sound in 13 fms. Top temperature 44 1/2 bottom 40°F per specific gravity cup. E. head St. Lawrence Bay bore [[strikethrough]] E [[/strikethrough]] N by E 1/2 E.; the mountains north of Mechigme, W. by N. 1/2 N.; and those S. of do. [[do. = ditto for: Mechigme]] W 1/2 S. Lat. 67°. 17'. Lon. 171° 12' W. Put over the dredge finding bottom of coarse gravel & stones. Work over records.
82 [[line]] Wednesday Aug. 18/80 [[line]] [[page includes tables with 7 columns - "|" used to better distinguish separate column fields for readability.]] [[table]] [[table headings:]] Time. | Barom. | Ther. | Dry b. | Wet b. | Water. | Wind. 4 A.M. | 29.58 | 41 | 42 | 42 1/2 | 44 | NNW 8 " [[ditto for: A.M.]] | .59 | 44 1/2 | 46 | 46 | 45 | " [[ditto for: NNW]] 12 M. | .60 | 50 | 49 | 50 | 51 | N 4 P.M. | .61 | 48 | 49 1/2 | 49 1/2 | 49 1/2 | " [[ditto for: N]] 8 " [[ditto for: P.M.]] | .58 | 47 1/2 | 49 1/2 | 49 1/2 | 51 | " [[ditto for: N]] 12 " [[ditto for: P.M.]] | .49 | 47 | 49 | 49 | 50 | " [[ditto for: N]] [[/table]] Weather foggy except an hour or two before sunset. Wind fresh, dead ahead. A strong tide running against it all the P.M. makes a strong choppy sea. Temperature of water rather high. See the Diomedes and get a view of them. The smaller one is inhabited. Fairway Rock is abrupt about 360 feet high, top grassy, no inhabitants or landing place. Work on records [[line]] Thursday Aug 19th [[line]] [[table]] 4 A.M. | 29.50 | 46 1/2 | 48 | 48 | 48 | NNW 8 " [[ditto for: A.M.]] | .48 | 49 | 49 | 49 1/2 | 49 | " [[ditto for: NNW]] 12 M. | .44 | 50 | 51 | 51 | 50 1/2 | " [[ditto for: NNW]] 4 P.M. | .40 | 51 | 51 | 51 1/2 | 51 | Calm 8 " [[ditto for: P.M. | .44 | 50 | 48 1/2 | 49 | 51 | " [[ditto for: Calm]] 12 " | .50 | 50 1/2 | 52 | 52 | 50 1/2 | S [[/table]] Weather fine, warm, foggy in the distance; wind light & adverse. Work over records. Cross the Arctic circle. [[end page]] [[start page]] 83 [[line]] Friday Aug. 20/80 [[line]] [[page includes table with 7 columns - "|" used to better distinguish separate column fields for readability.]] [[table]] [[table headings:]] Time. | Barom. | Ther. | Dry b. | Wet b. | Water. | Wind. 4 A.M. | 29.51 | 48 | 49 | 49 1/2 | 50 | SW 8 " [[ditto for: A.M.]] | .60 | 47 1/2 | 47 1/2 | 45 | 4[[appears to be a 9 overwritten by a 5]] | " [[ditto for: SW]] 12 M. | .70 | 48 1/2 | 47 1/2 | 48 | 49 | SSW 4 P.M. | .77 | 46 1/2 | 48 1/2 | 48 1/2 | 49 | SSE 8 " [[ditto for: P.M.]] | .82 | 46 | 47 1/2 | 47 1/2 | 47 1/2 | " [[ditto for: SSE]] 12 " [[ditto for: P.M.]] | .89 | 46 | 48 1/2 | 48 1/2 | 48 | " [[ditto for: SSE]] [[/table]] Strong fair wind all day; sky overcast with some fog. Pass point Hope at 3.15 P.M. It is a long low gravel spit with numerous stages, caches, graves & moundlike Eskimo houses scattered along it. There is a stiff current & rip at the end but no shoal or reef as far as visible. The village at this season is empty the natives being engaged in fishing elsewhere. The chart gives a current of 1 1/2 - 2 knots to the westward and northward and three knots to the northward around Pt. Hope, but this is not constant and is chiefly due to tide and wind for Mr. McDonald informs me that both he and Capt. Smithers of the Vigilant experienced in 1879 in July, or the early part of August an equally strong
84 set to the eastward and southward (with a NW. wind) for at least ten hours. Cape Thompson to the eastward from Pt. Hope is high bluff & bold; northward from Pt. Hope the land is high bluff seeming to be composed of much tilted & twisted stratified rocks, mostly dipping about 20° to 50° to the eastward and southward. Cape Lisburne with which we come up about 7 P.M. is high, bluff and bold composed of much metamorphosed limestone beds containing large masses of silicious material which stands out along its edges in sharp pinnacles. From its extreme a long narrow band of shoal water extends as indicated by the charts, several miles but probably with not less than three fathoms on it. We crossed it in 5 1/4 fathoms and came to anchor under the lee of the cape in 7 fms muddy bottom about 8.35 P.M. [[line]] Saturday Aug 21/80 [[line]] [[page includes table with 7 columns - "|" used to better distinguish separate column fields for readability.]] [[table]] [[table headings:]] Time. | Bar. | Ther. | Dry b. | Wet b. | Water. | Wind 4 A.M. | 29.92 | 47 | 47 | 47 1/2 | 49 | NE 8 " [[ditto for: A.M.]] | 30.00 | 48 | 49 | 49 1/2 | 48 | " [[ditto for: NE]] 12 M. | 30.06 | 53 | 53 | 52 1/2 | 50 1/2 | " [[ditto for: NE]] [[/table]] [[end page]] [[start page]] 85 [[page includes table with 7 columns - "|" used to better distinguish separate column fields for readability.]] [[table]] [[table headings:]] Time. | Barom. | Ther. | Dry b. | Wet b. | Water | Wind. 2 P.M. | | 80 | | | | 4 " [[ditto for: P.M.]] | 30.17 | 53 | 58 1/2 | 59 | 50 | Calm 8 " [[ditto for: P.M.]] | .12 | 52 | 52 | 52 | 51 | NE 12 " [[ditto for: P.M.]] | .16 | 49 | 49 1/2 | 50 | 50 1/2 | " [ditto for: NE]] [[/table]] Morning mostly cloudy, sun out at times P.M. half clear. Calm until evening when we have light airs. Observations at the mouth of a small stream about 2 miles eastward from the Cape, for dip, intensity declination, time and latitude. Get a serial sounding, showing a gradual diminution of temperature of one degree from top to bottom. The shore here is sandy & gravelly backed by banks of waterworn pebbles, sand &c, covered with a six foot layer of vegetable mould. This bank rises to a height of fifteen or twenty feet and slopes gradually toward rounded limestone hills, for the most part bare of vegetation and greatly weathered so that the superficial rock is crumbled into gravel by the frost. The usual northern vegetation covers the low lands with an olive green mantle. A good many flowers, including the forgetmenot, monks
86 hood, chickweed, scurvy grass, dock &c were still in bloom, many however were far gone in seed. Mosquitos, but not numerous, a few hymenoptera of small size and one or two microlepidoptera were seen. Birds were moderately abundant including a titlark which seems new to the fauna; and the marmots were very large & fat. The beach was very bare of life or remains of either animal or vegetable matter; the stream & sea were destitute of food fish, but the water seemed crammed with whalefeed of various kinds. There were no traces of moraines erratics or true glacial debris, and very few patches of snow, these mostly in sheltered ravines. There is a small village of ten or fifteen people at the eastern end of Cape Lisburne bluff. During the entire time of our stay the current at our anchorage runs about 2 knots to the west and south at evening there was an eddy along shore in the opposite direction. A light air springing up, weigh anchor & stand to the NE ward at 7.45 P.M. [[end page]] [[start page]] 87 New Notebook commenced Aug 22nd 1880. Index. Agattu Id p. 70 Aghileen Pinnacles 65 Alert Bay 17 Amatignak Id & Straits 70 Astronomical station, Sitka 13, 29 Arctic Ocean, notes on 78-79 Attu Id, rocks off 69 Bare Hill, Grenville Channel 18 Barren Ids, Cook's Inlet 45 Belkoffsky, arrive at 63 notes on 64 chart of region near 70 Bering Strait, soundings in 81 Betton Island 21 Blinkhorn Id 17 Brown Passage, breaker in 19 Cape Chaplin, sounding off 80 Cape Cross 32 Cape Elisabeth, breaker near 19
88 Cape Lisburne, arrive at 84 notes on 85 Cape Thompson 84 Carroll rock 17 Caton's rock Popoff Strait 62 Chichagoff Id, notes on 31 Chilkaht expedition 9 Chugachik Bay, notes on 46-47 Coal Pt. Chugachik Bay, arr. at 46 Cross Sound, bearings off &c 33-34 Currents in Arctic Ocean 83,86 Dolgoi Id. arrive at 63 Edgecumbe volcano, height of 31 Etolin Island 21 Fairway Rock 82 False Passage, Seymour Narrows 16 Fisherman's Cove 18 Fortuna Id. 31 Granite Point Johnstone Strait 16 Gravina Islands 19,20 Glaciation at Sitka 21 at Wrangell 21 [[end page]] [[start page]] 89 Glacier Chugachik Bay 48 near St Elias 40,41 Glacier spit, obs. at 49,50 Guard Id. Tongass Narrows 20 1 Hecate Strait, currents in 17-18 Hennig's rock 65 Hewitt rock 22 Hot Springs Sitka 14,23 Humboldt Harbor, arr. at 60 Jacobi Island, notes on 32 Iliuliuk Harbor shoal in 65 Kadiak, arrive at 56 Lisiansky Strait, soundings at 33 Lisy Id. arrive at 66 Mount Calder 22 Mount Eldon 17 Mount Edgecumbe, height of 31 Mount St. Elias 38 Nabannah Bay, Grenville Ch. 18 Noquashinski Bay 27 Northwest Harbor arr.at 59
90 Old Sitka p. 12,26 Pirate Cove, obs. at 61 Plover Bay, arrive at 78 Point Higgins 21 " [[Ditto for: Point]] Hope 83 " [[Ditto for: Point]] Sitkagi 43 " [[Ditto for: Point]] Theodore 32 " [[Ditto for: Point]] Vallenar 20 Population, at Sitka 10-11 Port Althorp, arr. at 34 " [[Ditto for: Port]] Chatham " " [[Dittos for: arr. at]] 54 " [[Ditto for: Port]] Port Graham, arr. at 51 " " " [[Ditto for: Port Port Graham]] notes at 52 " [[Ditto for: Port]] Mulgrave, arr. at 37 Race Point 16 Redoubt Bay, Sitka 24 St. George Island 73 St. Paul Island, arr. at 73 notes at 74 Sandy Bay, Little Koniushi 39 Seymour Narrows, notes at 16 [[end page]] [[start page]] 91 Shumagin Ids, bearings in p. 59 Sitka, arrive at 8 " [[ditto for: Sitka]] Old 12,26 " [[ditto for: Sitka]] soundings near 30 Sparrowhawk Rock 19 Tides, Grenville Channel 18 " [[ditto for: Tides,]] Johnstone Strait 17 Time sights, Sitka 29,30 Tolstoi Point 21 Tongass Mountain 19 Unalashka, arr. at 67 Vauks Id. 21 Vegetables Bucareli Sound 24 " [[ditto for: Vegetables]] Khutsnu 24 " [[ditto for: Vegetables]] Pirate Cove 61 " [[ditto for: Vegetables]] Sitka 12,23 " [[ditto for: Vegetables]] Belkoffsky 64 Ward Cove, Tongass Narrows 20 Winter 1879-80, notes on 8,68,74 Wrangell 21 Yakutat Bay obs. in 38-39
[[blank page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] [[blank page]]
[[blank page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] [[blank page]]
[[blank page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] [[blank page]]
[[blank page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] [[blank page]]
[[back cover - blank]]