Field note-book of Lester F. Ward, no. 4, October 29, 1893 to June 4, 1897

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The field book documents the field work of Lester F. Ward for the US Geological Survey, October 29, 1893 - June 4, 1897. Notes describe observations of sites in District of Columbia, Maryland, and northern Virginia. Entries are headed with date, location visited, and reference to name of colleague with whom worked (Bibbons, Hollick, Mason, and Watson). These are followed with narratives describing locations, nature of work completed (sometimes procuring and research sites where fossilized plants found), and sometimes followed by numbered sites with descriptions per site including landmarks (i.e. structures, streets, and distances from), measurements (of layers), terrain and soil characteristics (color, composition,i.e. sand, loam, gravel, clay). Includes geological sections. Details collecting fossilized botanical specimens, some with identifying numbers. Locations include sites across Maryland.

Date Range


Start Date

Oct 29, 1893

End Date

Jun 04, 1897

Access Information

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  • Geology
  • Paleobotany


  • District of Columbia
  • United States
  • Maryland
  • Virginia


  • Fieldbook record
  • Field notes

Accession #

SIA Acc. 07-041

Collection name

Geological Survey (U.S.), field notebooks, 1881-1915 and undated

Physical Description

1 field book

Physical Location

Smithsonian Institution Archives


Box 2 Folder 1 Envelope 1