Sandberg, correspondence and notes, 1893

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This item consists of correspondence from William M. Canby in 1893 and associated plant lists for Sandberg's review. Lists appear to include identifications of Sandberg's specimens by Canby. Some references are made to disagreements in identification. Determination notes are included for some specimens that describe logic behind identification. Also included is a letter to Coville, possibly from Sandberg.

Date Range


Start Date

Sep 22, 1893

End Date

Nov 15, 1893

Access Information

At least 24 hours advance notice is recommended to consult this collection. Contact the Department of Botany at 202-633-0920 to make an appointment.


  • Plants
  • Botany


  • United States
  • Idaho


  • Fieldbook record
  • Field notes
  • Correspondence

Accession #

SIA Acc. 11-250

Collection name

John Herman Sandberg Field Notes from the Department of Botany

Physical Description

1 folder

Physical Location

National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Main Library


Box 1 Folder 3

1 Copy. Wilmington, September 22, 1893. Dear Dr. Sandberg. I return Holzinger's list, the only specimens I have here to compare are the following. The others I presume were returned to you so that I cannot tell whether he or I is right in the cases when we disagree. But of these now mentioned I am well satisfied. 539 he calls "Spiraea betulifolia, Pall but in inflore, approaching S.Salisfolia," That is just the reason Greene made it his S. pyramidalis. 158 "PotentillaNorvegica" - my specimen is as I named it, P. rivalis, Nutt. var. millegrana, Engel. 745 "Alliun attendfolium, Kellog" - my specimen is good A. cernmum nodding flowers - my bulb from a rhizome and all the rest. 355 "A. Stellatum, Nutt." - The specimens here correspond exactly with the specimens of A. serratum, Watson [[underlined]] named by him. [[/underlined]] I re-inclose his list. I have had much pleasure in going over the present sending in which I already find some things of much interest although these determinations are only tenative. Here is the list so far.
2 220 Rununculus aquatilis, L.var; 209 R. multifidus, Ph. var; terrestris, Gray; 776 R. Eschscholtzii, Schlect. 776a I can only make a form of the above in the absence of fruit. 152 R. hispidus, Mx. proparte 654 Anemone, occidentalis, Watson. 359 Delphinium distichum, Geyer. You have collected this before and I gave you the name of D.simplex, Dougl. This seems to be still a doubtful species and I take it the above name of Geyers is the more sure one. [[Handwritten in pencil note in left margin: 17 Apr. 94-1070-]] 563 D.scopulorum Gray - a doubtful form. 432 Corydalis aurea, Willd, var. occidentalis, Engelm. 142 Cheiranthus Menziesii, B & H. 92 Arabis, Cusickii, Wats. 275 Arabis -? probably of the genus but I am unable to place it and it may be new. 50 A. spathulata, Nutt? 202 A. lyrata, L? or near it. 426 Vesicaria Douglasii, Nutt. 17 Physaria Geyeri, Nutt? 271 Sisymbrium linifolium, Nutt. 190 Thelypodium - I have nothing to match it and it is wholly doubtful to me - it is near T. laciniatum but seems quite distinct.
3 D. T. laciniatum, Endl. with purple calyces. 294 Arenaria congesta, Nutt. var. subcongesta, Wats. 296 A. Franklinii, Dougl. 346 Tissa marina, Britton. 227 Talinum spinescens, Torr. with larger leaves and flowers than usual. 89 Montia fontana, L. 546 Calandrinia Tweedyi, Gray; 204 Claytonia parviflora, Dougl. 15 C.gypsphyllorides, Fisch & Meyer. 607 Hypericum anagalloides, Cham. & Schlect. 430 Sphaeralcea longisepala, Torr. agrees in the main with my specimens of this rare plant but the sepals are shorter and the divisions of the leaves less acute than usual. 501 Acer macrophyllum, Pursh. Other names will go to you as soon as I can look them up. Sincerely yours, [Signed] Wm. M. Canby.
4 Wilmington, September 27, 1893. Dear Dr. Sandberg: I enclose another list which must be taken in some cases as preliminary. Some of the specimens, notably the Lupin^[[e]]s are very difficult. This you will see by my notes. I shall probably have to revise somewhat hereafter. Yours very truly, [Signed] Wm. M. Canby. 465 Lupinus - may be a form of L. ornatus, Dougl. but am quite doubtful about it. 35 L. ornatus, Dougl. 306 L. confertus, Kellogg "flowers sessile," "^[[b]]racts persistent." B. L. flowers apparently yellow - I have never seen a form like this so densely white silky tomentose - racemes dense but short leaflets 5 - 8 shorter petioled and many the plant much branched, otherwise it has the marks of L. leucophyllus and must be near it. I have seen no description to match it. 179 L. leuchophyllus, Dougl. 155 L. sericeus, Pursh? 77 L. Burkei, Watson I suppose judging from the persistent
5 villous bracts. 214 L. Wyethii, Watson I understand this pretty well now. 215 E. cannot place this at all now. 402 L. " " " " " " 305 L. agrees with L. leucophyllus, Dougl. better than with any other. 527 Trifolium longipes, Nutt. 421 T. microcephalum, Ph. 149 Astragalus Spaldingii, Gray. 312 A. sclerocarpus, Gray. 354 A. conjunctus, Wats. 196 A. Gibbsii, Kellogg. 163 A. stenophyus, T.& G. 473 A. campestris, Gray. 132 A.lentiginosus, Dougl. 308 Vicia Americana, Muhl. 24 Lathyrus palustris, L? a peculiar form 655 Eriogynia pectinata, Nutt. (Spiraea, T & G.) (with this was a small specimen of Rubus pedatus, Smith) 712 Spiraea betulaefolia, Pall. No label or number Rubus lasiococeus, Gray. 315 Potentilla gracilis, Dougl.
6 717 Potentilla gelida, C. A. Meyer? 320 Rosa Fendleri, Crepin. 544 Crataegus rivularis, Nuttall. 711 Lepuropetalon spathulatum, Ell. 657 Saxifraga stellaria, L. 567 Mitella Breweri, Gray. 699 Ribes laxiflorum, Pursh. 566 R. Hudsonianum, Richards. 728 R. bracteosum, Dougl. 442 R. cereum, Dougl. 645 R. lacustre, Poir. 150 R. setosum, Lindl. 93 R. cereum, Dougl. C. R. oxyacanthoides, L. 555 Sedum stenopetalum, Pursh. 335 Callitriche verna, L. 159 Gayophytum racemosum, T. &.G. 428 " " 159 (lr's) G. ramosissimum, T.& G. known from 159 by the short pods which are longer pedicelled. 279 OEnothera albicaulis, Nutt. 162 OE. Nuttallii, T.& G.
7 130 Oenothera heterantha, Nuttall? 441 OE. Boothii, Dougl. unusual form. 290 OE. Andina, Nutt. 162 (lr's) " " young state of it. 262 OE. strigulosa, T. & G. 160 Mentzelia albicaulis, Dougl. 367 Symphoricarpos rotundifolius, Gray. 479 Kelloggia galioides,.Torr. 224 Galium multiflorum, Kellogg. 551 Valeriana sylvatica, Richardson.
8 Wilmington, October 2, 1893. Dear Dr. Sandberg: Having now gone over the balance in one of the two bundles into which your package was divided I now send the result with the same reservation as before. I may be somewhat slower with the next bundle. I would be glad to have you criticize my determinations freely. Yours sincerely, [Signed] W. M. Canby. 408 & 491 Brickellia oblongifolia, Nuttall. 169 Townsendia florifer, Gray. 653 Erigeron salsuginosus, Gray. 724 " " smaller. 476 E. macranthus, Nutt. 233 E. Chrysopsidis, Gray. 445 E. poliospermus, Gray. 142 E. peucephyllus, Gray. 236 E.concinnus, T. & G. 255 E. filifolius, Nuttall a form. 195 E. radicatus, Hook - as to the broad leaved specimen - the others may be different but I cannot place them now if they are.
9 254 & 458 E. corymbosus, Nutt. A. Antennaria Carpathica, R.Br. 213 A. dioica, Gaertn. 51 A. stenophylla, Gray. 166 Balsamorhiza deltoidea, Nuttall. 299 Layia glandulosa, Hook & Arn. 375 Hymenopappus filifolius, Hook. 183 Eriophyllum caespitosum, Dougl. var: leucophyllum, Gray. 725 Arnica alpina, Olin. 247 Tetradymia canescens,DC. 626 Cnicus edulis, Gray. 313 Crepis occidentalis, Nutt. - by the curious hairs on the involum this approaches the var: crinitus, Gray. 232 C. acuminata, Nutt. 208 C. runcinata, T.&G. 526 Hieracium cynoglossoides, Arvet. 433 Stephanomeria paniculta, Nutt. 371 Lyodesmia junc[[insertion]] ^[[e]] [[/insertion]]a, Don. 287 Downingia pulchella, Torrey. 741 Vaccinium Myrtillus,L. var: microphyllum, Hook. 68 V. caespitosum, Michx. 744 V. myrtilloides, Hook. 746 V. ovalifolium, Smith.
10 706 Gaultheria ovatifolia, Gray. 714 Cassiope Mertensiana, Don. 668 Bryanthus empetriformis, Gray. 552 Pyrola picta, Smith. 631 Dodecatheon Jeffreyi, Moore, var: laucifolium, Gray as near as I can make it out. 545 Douglasia nivalis, Lindl. var: dentata, Gray.
11 Wilmington. Oct. 16th, 1893. Dear Dr. Sandberg: I send the final list of your plants. They have been studied amid the interruptions and occupations of a busy life and as you see lack the leisurely application which goes for so much in these things. I shall be glad to hear from you about the names whenever you wish to write. They have been a very interesting lot and I am thankful to you for the opportunity. I will now take out all the doubtful ones and all those you wish returned and go over these again after while. Just now I have a big job on hand which will require three or more weeks to finish. You will hear again from me afterwhile. Very sincerely yours, [Signed]Wm. M. Canoy
12 260 Krynit^[[z]]kia pterocarya, Gray. 304 K. oxycarya, Gray. 249 K. Fendleri, Gray. 121 K. too young for determination. 173 K. " " " " [[Ditto for: K. too young for determination.]] 168 Lithospermum pilosum, Nutt. 317 Nicotiana attenuata, Torrey. 659 Spraguea umbellata, Torr. 668 Pentstemon Menziesii, Hook. var: Douglasii, Gray 459 P. Menziesii, Hook. var: Scouleri, Gray. 185 P. glaber, Pursh. 376 P. acuminatus, Dougl. 549 P. confertus, Dougl. var: caeruleo-purpureus, Gray. 355 P. Richardsonii, Dougl. 115 Mimulus Suksdorfii, Gray. 357 M. pilosus, Nutt. 193 Limoselia aquatica, L. 710 Veronica alpina, L. 80 Castilleia pallida, Kth - between type and var: occidentalis, Gray. 234 Orthocarpus tenuifolius, Bth? 143 Orthocarpus tenuifolius, Bth? but there is a lack of color in the ^[[b]]racts and all there divisions are acuminate pointed instead of blunt. 436 Aphyllon Ludovicianum, Gray.
13 456 A. Californicum, Gray? 244. Audibertia incana, Bth. 362 " " " [[Ditto for: Audibertia incana, Bth.]] 413 Monardella odoratissima, Bth. connecting with M.villosa, Bth. 353 Lophanthus anisatus, Bth - in the heads approaching L. urticifolius, Bth. 503 Stachys ciliata, Dougl. 241 Monolepis pusilla, Torr. 316 Chenopodium leptophyllum, Nutt. 377 " " [[Ditto for: Chenopodium leptophyllum, Nutt.]] 257 C.(Blitum) capitatum, Wats? too young. 372 Atriplex truncata, Gray? 349 A. Nuttallii, Watson. 226 Grayia polygaloides, Hook & Arn. 410 Sarcobatus vermiculatus, Torr. 167 Eriogonum thymoides, Benth. 521 E. umbellatum, Torr. 319 E. sphaerocephalum, Dougl. 235 E. ovalifolium, Nutt. var:proliferum, Wats. 348 E. dichotomum, Dougl. - probably - on account of the loose habit and acute leaves - but the flowers are those of ovalifolium. 493 E. dichotomum, Dougl. 383 E. microthecum, Nutt. 424 ^[[E.]] elatum, Dougl.
14 380 Oxytheca dendroides, Nutt. 258 Chorizanthe Watsoni, T.& G. 326 Comandra pallida, A.DC. 609 Alnus rubra, Bong. see Bul. Cal. 2 p.80 647 Habenaria gracilis, Wats. 146 Allium Geyeri, Wats. 273 A. acuminatum, Fraser. 205 A. stellatum, Fraser. 533 Lilium Columbianum, Hanson. 646 Streptopus amplexifolius, DC. 404 Juncus Lescurii, Bolander. 360 J. longistylis, Torr. 675 J. Drummondii, Meyer. 679 J. Mertensianus, Meyer. 388 J. tenuis, Willd in part J. Bolanderi, Engelm in part. 358 J. Bolanderi, Engelm. 524 Potamogeton natans, L. 264 Zannichellia palustris, L. 266 Scirpus Nevadensis, Wats. 332 S. pungens, Vahl. small form 55 S. " " " " [[Ditto for: pungens, Vahl. small form]] ? 333 S. maritimus, L. 324 S. Olyneyi, Gray.
15 323 Eleocharis palustris, R.Br. 416 E. with 3 stigmas - no fruit and therefore wholly uncertain - scapes nodulose but the plant is very different from E. nodulosa, Schult. 81 Carex filifolia, Nutt. 767 C. nigricans, C.A.Meyer. 756 C. Bonplandii, Kunth. 188 C. Douglasii, Boott. 79 C. " " [[ditto for: Douglasii, Boott.]] 321 C. siccata, Dewey. 508 C. Deweyana, Schweinitz. 773 C. stipata, Muhl. var? 148 C. muricata, L. var:gracilis, Boott. 636 C. near Sitchensis, Prescott but the perigynium is beak-toothed and the tracts are too short. 194 C. cannot place at all now. 674 C. Mertensii, Prescott. 707 C.foetida, All. 30 C. Novae-Angliae, Schw. var:Rossii, Baily. 322 C. filiformis, L. var: latifolia, Boeckler. 515 C. vesicaria, L.
Wilmington, Oct. 9th, 1893. Dear Mr. Sandberg: Your note of the 5th inst. is at hand. I think in this case I had better look into one or two of these cases at once if not into all. 166 Balsamorhiza deltoidea, Nutt. B. careyana is very much like this and differs mainly in the canesantly tomentose achenes and the persisten rays. I cannot well determine the latter point n the specimen here, although they do not look like those of B. Careyana; but the achenes are [[underline]] smooth [[/underline]] and not at all like those of B. Careyana. 725. The single specimen sent is almost too young. It has but two pair of stem leaves and look likes a smooth form of N. alpine. But if not where do you put it? It is possible that it may be the A. Latifolia of Gray; A. Chammissonis, Les verr - look it up and give me your views further. All these specimens are very variable. 552.Pyrola picta, Sm. This is also a very variable species of all that Dr. Gray includes in it (P. dentala ) and to be considered as one species. Your plant is exactly like one from the Teton Rane, Wyoming, which Professor Porter named P. chlorantha? adding -"calyx and tubes longer and more acute, leaves
-2- less round and scape less angled"- the very points of P. picta. It may be best to separate these sometime but the mere marking of the leaves would not be sufficient without others characters. [[underline]] Rubus lasioccus [[/underline]] I named as it agrees with my specimens of this plant. It is a trailing vine - the specimen two feet or more long with small white flowers and leaves of this shape - the serrature somewhat sharper than as represented. I may as well add determinations as far as ascertained: 105 [[underline]] Polemonium pectinatum [[/underline]], Greene. 660 [[underline]] Phlox douglasii [[/underline]], Hk.; var. diffusa, Gray. 443 [[underline]] P. speciosa [[/underline]], Ph. 274 [[underline]] P. caespitosa[[/underline]], Nutt. 78 [[underline]] Gilia gracilis [[/underline]], Hook 350 [[underline]] G. aristella [[/underline]], Gray. 270 [[underline]] G. capillaris [[/underline]], Kellogg. 201 [[underline]] G. linifolia, Bth., var. pharnaceoides [[/underline]], Gray? 283 [[underline]] G. pusilla, Beth., var. Californica, [[/underline]] Gray? or n.sp. 181 [[underline]] G. pungens [[/underline]], Bth. 261 [[underline]] G. inconspicua [[/underline]], Dougl. 246 [[underline]] G. floccosa [[/underline]], Gray. 301 [[underline]] G. inconspicua [[/underline]], Dougl. 259 [[underline]] Conanthus aretioides [[/underline]], Watson. 352 [[underline]] Phacelia humilis, [[/underline]] Gray.
288 [[underline]] P.ramosissima [[/underline]], Dougl. 306 [[underline]] P. Ivesiana [[/underline]], Torr. 343 [[underline]] Coldenia Nuttallii [[/underline]], Hk. 223 [[underline]] Pectocarya penicillata [[/underline]], A. DC. 277 [[underline]] Echinospermum diffusum, [[/underline]] Lehm. 174 [[underline]] E. deflexum, Lehm., var. Americanum [[/underline]], Gray. 176 [[underline]] E. Redowskii, Lehm, var: Americanum [[/underline]], Watson. 373 [[underline]] Krynitskia leucophaea [[/underline]], Gray. 440 [[underline]] K. glomerata [[/underline]], Gray. I am always glad to have your strictures in the names. Yours sincerely, (Signed) Wm. M. Canby.
926 Grant Ave. Rockford, Ill. Nov. 1, 1893. My dear Dr. Sandberg:-- I have been looking over your willows this morning and will proceed to give you my first impressions as to names &c- and informal "talky talky" report. By and by when I come to mount the specimens I shall want to give a few of them a more careful examination with the aid of those capital helpers a cup of hot water and low power microscope. 11a Carleton Minn. male and female [[underline]] S. discolor [[/underline]] Muhl. 16a Thompson Minn. [[underline]] S. humilis [[/underline]] Marsh. 17a Carleton, Minn. [[underline]] S. rostrata [[/underline]] Rich. [[underline]] f. monstrosa [[/underline]]. 37a Hennepin Co. [[underline]] S. lucida [[/underline]] Muhl. Two forms which can not be precisely determined as to variety &c without the mature leaves. 48 & 24 [[underline]] S. petiolaris [[/underline]] Sm. v. [[underline]] gracilis [[/underline]] Anders. 12a I should without much hesitancy refer the male ^[[insertion]] aments [[/insertion]] to S. [[underline]] petiolaris v. gracilis [[/underline]] but the pistillate have a doubtful look, as if they showed a cross with [[underline]] s. cordata [[/underline]]. Without the leaves it is impossible to feel perfectly sure, so I would advise you, for the present at least, to withhold these from distribution. ------------- " ------------------- A. Idaho. Hope. May. Alt. 3,400 [[underline]] S. flavescens [[/underline]] Nutt. [[underline]] v. scouleriana [[/underline]] Banatt. 111 E Washington Park Lake. Alt. 2,3000 [[underline]] S. lasiandra [[/underline]] ^[[insertion]] Benth. [[/insertion]] var. lancifolia Anders (sp) but can not
[[obscured text]] [[154. [[Spragus?]] [[underlined]] S. [[long?]] Muhl. ?]] [[/obscured text]] 12. Spokane. male and female [[underlined]] S. rostrata [[/underlined]] Rich. 9. " [[Ditto for: Spokane]] [[underlined]] S. flavescens [[/underlined]] Nutt. [[underlined]] v. scouleriana [[/underlined]]. 29. " [[Ditto for: Spokane]] [[underlined]] S. cordata [[/underlined]] Muhl. forma 197 Sprague. This I take to be [[underlined]] S. lasiandra [[/underlined]] var. [[/underlined]] fendleriana [[/underlined]] Anders. (sp) but can not feel quite sure without the mature leaves. As I have citd under this form as a synonym [[underlined]] S. pentandra [[/underlined]] L. var. [[/underlined]] caudata [[/underlined]] Nutt. some botanist of the Agricultural Department, whose name I can not now recall as I write, has criticised myselection of Andersons name, claiming that I should have written [[underlined]] S. lasiandra [[/underlined]] var. [[underlined]] caudata [[/underlined]]. In this I am inclined to think he is right, but I have no copy of Nuttall's Flora, do not own the work and am unable to go back and revise [[insertion]] in [[/insertion]] this particular the work done on the Willows of California more than ten years ago. Ithink however that I should advise you to write [[underlined]] caudata [[/underlined]] Nutt. instead of [[underlined]] fendleriana [[/underlined]] Anders. It is a puzzle, anyway, to decide what is best to do with the protean forms of this species. I should like right well to arrange them all under S. lucida, only that having done this much still better reasons would exist for carrying the whole group to the European [[underlined]] S. pentandra [[/underlined]], and by the time this was done the aggregation would be dropped as unwieldy and inconvenient. 72. Spokane. S. [[underlined]] sitchenis [[/underlined]] Sanson. 720. Stevens Pass. A mountain form of the same species [[underlined]] S. sitchensis [[/underlined]] showing retarded infloresence. 757 & 721. male and female [[underlined]] S. barclayi [[/underlined]] Anders. = S. conjuncta Bebb.
This species is found in the high mountains west of the Great Basin southward as far as the Sierra Nevada of California. [[underlined]] S. cal [[/underlined]]- ifornia is probably only an extreme modification of the same species. 480. Peshastin. [[underlined]] S. longifolia [[/underlined]] Muhl. A form with very long, slender aments. The same has been collected by Mr. Piper in western Washington and by Dr. Lyall in the mountains north of your locality. In examining the willows which you send me from the Plain of the Columbia or the mountains on the north, I am struck with a much greater resemblance to the Flora of the Columbia river valley much farther down its course (say in Suksdorf's old collecting ground Klickatat Co.) than I had expected to find. The forms of [[underlined]] S. lasiandra, S. sitchensis, cordata, longifolia, souleriana [[/underlined]] &c. are such as I should not have been surprised to receive from the Columbia any where clear down to its mouth. Furthermore there is not found in the entire collection a single species characteristic of the Rocky Mountain Flora east of the Great Basin I shall be glad to learn from you if in the Flora as a whole this relationship is sustained. Let me thank you for the ample specimens. I do so enjoy having enough of a thing to fill a sheet while I am about it, especially if the specimens are so judiciously selected as are all that come from your hand. Yours very sincerely, M.S. Bebb
(Copy) Wilmington, Nov. 10th, 1893. Dear Dr. Sandberg, I have now gone over your second sending and below I give you a full list. Of a few I will make remarks here. The plants are unusually interesting. __(no No.) Angelica Canby C.R. I believe I have examined this as well as I could and think it agrees very well with the above in the original specimens. I hope Dr. Rose will confirm it. 810 [[underlined]] Erigeron [[/underlined]] -- This is a complete puzzle and if not published somewhere where I cannot find it, I believe it to be new. It has the habit of [[underlined]] E. origanum [[/underlined]] but with the aster-like heads of [[underlined]] E. Salsuginosus [[/underlined]]. I wish you would quote this to Dr. Rose also. 587 [[underlined]] Madia glomerata [[/underlined]], Brit. var:- but it is the [[underlined]] Amida gracilis [[/underlined]],Nutt- and I think it is a very marked variety of [[underlined]] M. glomerata [[/underlined]] if not entirely distinct. Mark the strict stems, the almost connate, opposite, spatulate leaves and it is uniformly 2 flowered. It was collected in 1880 in your region by Brandagee and Tweedy. 553 [[underlined]] Senecio [[/underlined]]- This is intermediate between [[underlined]] S.petraeus [[/underlined]] and [[underlined]] S. werneriaefolius [[/underlined]] and connects with [[underlined]] S. aureus [[/underlined]] var. [[underlined]] Balsamitae [[/underlined]]. I suppose it had better be called a variety of the first named but it is [[underlined]] gigantic [[/underlined]] for that. 550 [[underlined]] Pentstemon Menziesii [[/underlined]] Hook var: perhaps a form of variety var: [[underlined]] Douglasii [[/underlined]]. The flowers are very large and so are the leaves which
are rather thin and wholly entire. 575 [[underline]] Calochortus maweanus [[/underline]] Leicht. var: This corresponds exactly with my specimen of the above named by S. Watson except that the inner face of the petals is scarcely hairy. It may have been published under a new name for it is far north of the usual range of the species but I cannot find it. It might be called var: [[underline]] nudum [[/underline]]. 589 Is the same as Coll. Pringle, Mt. Shasta Aug. 23rd, 1881 called [[underline]] Carex scoparia [[/underline]] Schk. var. [[underline]] fulva [[/underline]], Boott. Neither specimen is very fulvous however and they seem to me to be distinct from [[underline]] C. scoparia [[/underline]]. Is there any way I could try a specimen of the Calochortus? And if you ever have a chance again get me [[underline]] Veronica Cusickii [[/underline]], [[underline]] Balsamorhiza terebinthacea [[/underline]] and [[underline]] Lupinus polyphyllus [[/underline]]. I will soon send your specimens back. I am going to Phila. today to look into those not yet re-examined. Yours sincerely, (signed) Wm. M. Canby.
785 [[underlined]] Delphinum pauciflorum [[/underlined]], Nutt., var. [[underlined]] depauperatum, [[/underlined]] Gray. 817 [[underlined]] Silene douglasii [[/underlined]], Hook. 601 [[underlined]] Sagina linnaei [[/underlined]], Presl. Large specimens. 547 [[underlined]] Calandrinia leana [[/underlined]], Porter. Large specimens. 742 [[underlined]] Pachystima myrsinites [[/underlined]], Raf. 523 [[underlined]] Lupinus polyphyllus [[/underlined]], Lindley. D [[underlined]] Spiraea betulaefolia [[/underlined]], Pallas. 590 [[underlined]] Prunus emarginatus [[/underlined]], Walp. 704 [[underlined]] Rubus leucodermis [[/underlined]], Dougl. 750 [[underlined]] Pyrus sambucifolia [[/underlined]], C. & S. 815 [[underlined]] Mitella trifida [[/underlined]], Graham. 567 [[underlined]] Mitella breweri [[/underlined]]. Gray. M. [[underlined]] Heuchera glabra [[/underlined]], Willd. 809 [[underlined]] Sedum divergens [[/underlined]], Wats. ___ [[underlined]] Hippurus montana [[/underlined]], Ledb. 145 [[underlined]] Oenothera andina [[/underlined]], Nutt. 528 Probably [[underlined]] Gayophytum ramosissimum [[/underlined]], T. & G. (But too young.) 519 [[underlined]] Mentzelia dispersa [[/underlined]], Wats. ___ [[underlined]] Angelica canbyi [[/underlined]], Coult. & Rose. 782 [[underlined]] Aplopappus brandegei [[/underlined]], Gray. (From the original locality.) 703 [[underlined]] Aster modestus [[/underlined]], Lindl. 759 Aster Cusickii, Gray. forma. 340 Aster foliaceus, Lindl. var. ^[[=]] "var: pubescens," Gray. 807 Aster adscendens, Lindl. coll. Suksdorf.
0 [[underline]] Veronica cusickii [[/underline]], Gray. 686 [[underline]] Eriogonum umbellatum [[/underline]], Torr. 813 [[underline]] Eriogonum compositum [[/underline]], Dougl. With lanceolate rather than cordate leaves. 799 [[underline]] Polygonum minimum [[/underline]]. Wats. Very fine specimens. 503 [[underline]] Alnus incana [[/underline]], Willd. var. [[underline]] virescens [[/underline]], Wats. 796 [[underline]] Chamaecyparis nutkaensis [[/underline]], Spach. 794 [[underline]] Listera cordata [[/underline]], R. Br. 575 [[underline]] Calochortus maweanus [[/underline]], Leicht. var. ([[underline]] nudum [[/underline]].) 740 [[underline]] Lilium columbianum [[/underline]], Hanson. 602 [[underline]] Juncus patens [[/underline]], Meyer. 579 ) )[[underline]] Juncus longistylus [[/underline]], Torrey. 822 ) 708 ) )[[underline]] Carex echinata [[/underline]], Murr. 761 ) 589 "[[underline]] Carex scoparia [[/underline]], Schk. var. [[underline]] fulva [[/underline]], Benth." 592 [[underline]] Carex retrorsa [[/underline]], Schw. 640 [[underline]] Carex utriculata [[/underline]], Boott. 577 [[underline]] Aspidium munitum [[/underline]], Kaulf. var. [[underline]] imbricans [[/underline]], D.C. Easton. 812 [[underline]] Aspidium mohrioides [[/underline]], Bory. 790 [[underline]] Lycopodium selago [[/underline]], L.
803 [[underlined]] Aster [[/underlined]] between [[underlined]] Aster menziesii [[/underlined]] and [[underlined]] Aster adscendens [[/underlined]]. Brachts of involucre more resembling the latter and general aspect the former. I have nothing just like it. 810 [[underlined]] Erigeron [[/underlined]]. n.sp? 765 [[underlined]] Erigeron acris [[/underlined]], L. 757 [[underlined]] Antennaria alpina [[/underlined]], Gaertn. 460 [[underlined]] Balsamorhiza terebinthacea [[/underlined]], Nutt. 537 [[underlined]] Madia sativa [[/underlined]], Mol. A large open form. 587 [[underlined]] Madia glomerata [[underlined]], Hook. var: ^[[=]] [[underlined]] Amida gracilis [[/underlined]], Nutt. ___ [[underlined]] Arnica chamissonis [[/underlined]], Lessing. 553 [[underlined]] Senecio petraeus [[/underlined]], Klatt. var.? 784 [[underlined]] Luina hypoleuca [[/underlined]], Benth. 695 [[underlined]] Cnicus edulis [[/underlined]], Gray. 671 [[underlined]] Hieracium scouleri [[/underlined]], Hook. 835 Too young.- [[underlined]] Troximon aurantiacum [[/underlined]], Hook? 440 Too young.- [[underlined]] Troximon glaucum, [[/underlined]] Nutt? 786 [[underlined]] Vaccinium ovalifolium [[/underlined]], Sm. 638 [[underlined]] Vaccinium myrtilloides [[/underlined]], Hook. 569 [[underlined]] Chimaphila menziesii [[/underlined]], Spreng. 500 [[underlined]] Phacelia procera [[/underlined]], Gray. 495 [[underlined]] Cuscuta californica [[/underlined]], Choisy. 550 [[underlined]] Pentstemon menziesii [[/underlined]], Hook. var.? 787 [[underlined]] Pentstemon ovatus [[/underlined]], Dougl. 549 [[underlined]] Pentstemon attenuatus [[/underlined]], Dougl. probably.
[[preprinted letterhead. Top line cut off and illegible.]] [[preprinted]] S. E. Cor. Ninth and Market Streets. [[/preprinted]] [[preprinted]] WM. M. CANBY, President. THOS. H. SAVERY, Vice President. W. J. ELLISON, Sec'y. and Treas. [[/preprinted]] [[Preprinted]] Wilmington, Del., [[/preprinted]] [[Nr. ?]] 15 [[preprinted]] 189 [[/preprinted]] 3 Dear Mr Coville, I have sent Sandberg a lot of notes in his & Leiberg's collection partly of my own making up and partly in answer to his questions. I copy them for you or Rose, or whoever may have the job of looking over his specimens. Please say to Rose that it is now arranged that my [[?]] will not go to N.Y. before the last of January next.- __________ Yours truly Mr. W. Canby "Spiraea helulaefolia Pallas"- The white flowered one you sent is the true plant according to most authors; but Mr. Greene, " Pittonia 2 p. 219", says we do not have the Iberian species - consequently he calls it S. lucida, Dougl - then he copies Gray by saying "var: rosea" and describes this var: - now your 712 is called by Thomas Howell "S. chamaedrifolia" which is a Japanese and perhaps Iberian species which [[Puish ?]] credits to "Canada and the N.W. coast"- my specimens from Japan &c may [[strikethrough]] b [[/strikethrough]] not be rightly named but they are not your 712 plant. so that I cannot now otherwise name it than to say that it is S. betulaefolia Pallas var: rosea Gray and S. lucida, Dougl. var rosea, Greene.
[[preprinted letterhead. Top line cut off and illegible.]] [[preprinted]] S.E. Cor. Ninth and Market Streets. WM. M. CANBY, President. THOS. H. SAVERY, Vice President. W.J. ELLISON, Sec'y. and Treas. Wilmington, Del., ........189 [[/preprinting]] 234 I am now satisfied that this cannot belong to Orthocarpus tenuifolius of which I have collected many specimens. I can find no description and it may be a n.sp. [[underline]] I think it is [[/underline]]. 567 is not Mitella Breweri at all! but M. pentandra Hook. With the stamens so manifestly opposite the petals I cannot see how I made the oversight But there is your "M. trifida Graham, [[Mods?]], Kootenai Cy, Idaho, 1888". If I mistake not the stamens are opposite the sepals as they should be but the petals are this shape [[image - horizontal twig with 4 smaller twigs coming off it.]] or [[image - horizontal twig with 2 smaller twigs coming off it.]] instead of [[image - leaf with stem.]] as in true M. trifida and they are green in the former and white in M. trifida. Greene in Pittonia 1 p. 32 describes an M. ovalis with petals like this but otherwise the description does not tally. 202 Arabis; which I doubtfully called lyrata but the leaves are not lyrate. A specimen from Alaska is called A. lyrata in Hect. Phil'a. Acad. The pods are not broad enough but, as so many of your specimens are large for their species can this be a gigantic A. spathulata Nutt? Any way it puzzles me. 50 I called this A. spathulata, Nutt but I see it has
[[preprinted letterhead. Top line cut off and illegible.]] [[preprinted]] S.E. Cor. Ninth and Market Streets. WM. M. CANBY, President. THOS. H. SAVERY, Vice President. W.J. ELLISON, Sec'y. and Treas. Wilmington, Del., ........189 [[/preprinted]] toothed leaves and so may get to A. furcata, Wats when it gets its growth. There are a lot of the western species of this genus which are very puzzling. 275 Here is one of them. It somewhat resembles A. Bolanderi but differs in the [[Hushes?]], nine erect pods and in the stem leaves, which narrow to the base and are not auriculate. It also branches from the base which A. Bolanderi is said not to do. Can find no name for it. 190 Thelypodium. I can find neither specimen nor description to match this. As compared with T. Laciniatum the petals are more spatulate and broader outside the claw, the spike more condensed, the plant larger, no purple tinge to the calyx which is of a different shape the leaves thicker and apparently nearly entire and the pods more erect and with a longer style. See a description of a Thelypodium in Pittonia 1. p. 62 which however does not apply to your plant. 35 I am inclined to believe this to be Lupinus Lepidus, Dougl; and as well your 196 (1887) and your L. leucophyllus, plains Kortenai Cy Idaho 1888" 35 has the lower calyx lip entire, upper 2-parted, Keel ciliate -
[[preprinted letterhead. Top line cut off and illegible.]] [[preprinted]] S.E. Cor. Ninth and Market Streets. WM. M. CANBY, President. THOS. H. SAVERY, Vice President. W.J. ELLISON, Sec'y. and Treas. Wilmington, Del., ........189 [[/preprinted]] 155 L. sericeus, PL. var? Lower calyx lip sub-entire or 3 dentate, upper lip cleft, Keel very ciliate banner hairy - linear subulate bracklets between the calyx lips. 465 L. [[ornatus ?]], Dougl. lower calyx lip entire - upper 2-3 crenate, Keel ciliate 402 Have no name for it. In habit more like L. [[ornatus ?]], but the banner and Keel are naked - lower calyx lip entire, upper 2 cleft - 215 Cannot place this either. Somewhat like L. Wyethii but the banner and Keel are naked - lower lip sub-entire - upper 2 cleft 214 L. Wyethii, Wats - 77 L. [[Bruckei ?]], Wats 179 L. leucophyllus, Dougl: I suppose in spite of the small flowers which are like those of L. holosericeus, Nutt. That however has not the spreading [[fruluscence ?]]. 305 L. Leucophyllus, Dougl - L. confertus is under their number also B. Perhaps a form of L. leucophyllus but not satisfactorily so 557 Valeriana sylvatica is all I can see in it - 195 I called this [[Eryeins ?]] [[cadicatus ?]], Hook ? but this is unsatisfactory 476 E. macranthus, Nutt. 283 This is [[underline]] not [[/underline]] Gilia pusilla var: Californica - the calyx is smoother the lobes broader & thinner - the flowers larger, & more deeply cut and therefore more spreading. A very fine species perhaps new!
[[preprinted letterhead. Top line cut off and illegible.]] [[preprinted]] S.E. Cor. Ninth and Market Streets. WM. M. CANBY, President. THOS. H. SAVERY, Vice President. W.J. ELLISON, Sec'y. and Treas. Wilmington, Del., ........189 [[/preprinted]] 358 & 338 Mr. Ceville has my Junci and I cannot compare this. I can find no description to suit it. [[W]] is [[triandsorer ?]] Look out for a specimen of Juncus tenuis with it. 773 Carex stipata, var: ? well! quite as likely not. 575 [[Calochrtus Mameanus ?]], [[Lichlen ?]]: exactly like specimen, so named by Watson but the petals not hairy inside. 553 I now believe to be S. aureus. Z. var [[sealis ?]]
(Sandberg's Grasses, Beal) 20 [[underline]] Poa pretensis [[/underline]], L. Most likely. 267 [[underline]] Atropis scabrella [[/underline]], Thurb. 87) ) [[underline]] Poa tenuifolia [[/underline]], Burkl. 184) 282) ) A variable and ) Atropis (Poa) Nevadensis ) 207) ) puzzling species. 531 [[underline]] Atropis (Poa) Fendleriana [[/underline]] (stend.) [[underline]] Poa californica [[/underline]] and [[underline]] Poa andina [[/underline]]. 403 [[underline]] Agrostis alba var. gigantea [[/underline]], Rchb. 369) [[underline]] Agrostis exarata [[/underline]], Trin. (Small plants) ) 370) " " [[ditto for: Agrostis exarata]] 656) [[underline]] Agrostis aequivalvis [[/underline]], Trin. Small plants. A little doubt. ) 676) " " [[ditto for: Agrostis aequivalvis]] No doubt. 821 [[underline]] Festuca ovina [[/underline]] var? 693 [[underline]] Festuca Howellii [[/underline]], Hackel. 482) [[underline]] Festuca ovina var. polyfolia [[/underline]], Vasey. ) 283) " " " [[ditto for: Festuca ovina var. polyfolia]] 356 [[underline]] Fesutuca ovina var. Columbiana n.var. [[/underline]] Same from Prof. E.R. Lake of Pullman, Washington. 98 [[underline]] Festuca microstachya [[/underline]], Nutt 291 [[underline]] Festuca tenella [[/underline]], Willd. 504 [[underline]] Festuca subulata [[/underline]], Bong. 191 [[underline]] Bromus tectorum [[/underline]], L. 399 [[underline]] Bromus secalinus [[/underline]], L. 499 [[underline]] Bromus ciliatus [[/underline]], L.
450 [[underline]] Bromus breviaristatus [[/underline]], Thurb. 535 [[underline]] Deyeuxia neglecta [[/underline]], Kth. 2 sheets of this. 613 [[underline]] Deyeuxia canadensis [[/underline]], Beauv. 825 [[underline]] Deyeuxia sylvatica, var. Americana [[/underline]], Vasey. 325 [[underline]] Deyeuxia neglecta [[/underline]], Kth. 795 [[underline]] Deyeuxia Canadensis [[/underline]], Beauv. 690 [[underline]] Deschampsia atropurpurea [[/underline]], Scheele. 582) [[underline]] Deschampsia elongata [[/underline]], Munro. ) 395) " " [[ditto for: [[underline]] Deschampsia elongata [[/underline]] 823 [[underline]] Trisetum [[/underline]]. (n. sp. most likely. I want to see all you have to (be returned if you request it. 231 [[underline]] Stipa viridula [[/underline]], Trin. 269 [[underline]] Stipa occidentalis [[/underline]], Thurb. 240 [[underline]] Stipa comato [[/underline]], Trin. 580 [[underline]] Melica bulbosa [[/underline]], Geyer. 248 [[underline]] Spartina gracilis [[/underline]], Trin. 760 [[underline]] Danthonia intermedia [[/underline]], Vasey. 425 [[underline]] Panicum dicotomum [[/underline]], L. 439 [[underline]] Aristida purpurea [[/underline]], Nutt. 239 [[underline]] Agropyrum tenerum [[/underline]] (?) I should like to know whether it was the usual farm where collected. If much was seen. 437 [[underline]] elymus condensatus triticoides [[/underline]]. 393) [[underline]] Elymus Americanus [[/underline]], V. & S. 536) 393)
310) [[underline]] Agropyrum glaucum [[/underline]], R. & S. 466) 435) " " [[ditto for: [[underline]] Agropyrum glaucum [[/underline]] ]] 331 [[underline]] Agropyrum tenerum [[/underline]], Vasey. 365 [[underline]] Agropyrum divergens [[/underline]], Nees. 583 " " [[ditto for: [[underline]] Agropyrum divergens [[/underline]] ]] 237 " " [[ditto for: [[underline]] Agropyrum divergens [[/underline]] ]] 594 [[underline]] Muhlenbergia glomerata [[/underline]]. Small and simple spikes for the species. 245 [[underline]] Hordeum jubatum [[/underline]], L. 463) [[underline]] Distichlis maritima [[/underline]], Raf. ) 251) " " [[ditto for: [[underline]] Distichlis maritima [[/underline]] ]] very variable. 307 [[underline]] Sporobolus asperifolius, [[/underline]] N. & M. 687 [[underline]] Trisetum subspicatum [[/underline]], Beauv. 734 [[underline]] Pleuropogon refractum [[/underline]], Benth. 507 [[underline]] Glyceria nervata [[/underline]], Trin. 604 [[underline]] Glyceria pauciflora [[/underline]], Presl. 280 [[underline]] Polypogon monspeliensis [[/underline]], Desf. I am suddenly called to spend a week in Chicago. I mail answers to most numbers of your grasses. A few will receive further attention. (Signed) W.J. Beal. Oct. 28, '93.
The Shaw School of Botany. William Trelease, Professor in Charge. (Sandberg) 263 [[underline]] Oenothera strigulosa. [[/underline]] 28 [[underline]] Rumex hymenosepalus. [[/underline]] 390 Probably [[underline]] Epilobium Hornemanni X alpinum [[/underline]], - of the general aspect of tall forms of the latter, and with white flowers, but rough seeds. 677 [[underline]] Epilobium Hornemanni [[/underline]], (with unusually large flowers, perhaps the result of hybridity, as to the Stein's Pass specimens.) 772 [[underline]] E. Hornemanni X [[/underline]]? The same as Brandegee, 778, and Henderson, 2447, - the form noted on p. 107 of Revision. 731 [[underline]] E. luteum [[/underline]]. 109 [[underline]] E. leptocarpum [[/underline]], va. Macounii.