Rose, field notes, Mexico and Brazil

ID: SIA Acc. 12-052

Creator: Rose, J. N. (Joseph Nelson), 1862-1928

Form/Genre: Fieldbook record

Date: 1887-1897

Citation: Joseph Nelson Rose field notes from the Department of Botany

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This small notebook was kept by Rose in approximately 1887-1897 and used for informal field notes in Brazil and Mexico. Lists of plants observed, as well as observations about the habitat and physical appearance of some plants are included. Some Spanish words and phrases can be found throughout, along with their English equivalents. Some references are made to encounters with Mexican natives, including Coro Indians, and observations of their uses for plants. Localities include Pedro Paulo.

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Access Information

At least 24 hours advance notice is recommended to consult this collection. Contact the Department of Botany at 202-633-0920 to make an appointment.


  • Plants
  • Botany


  • Brazil
  • Mexico


  • Fieldbook record
  • Field notes

Accession #

SIA Acc. 12-052

Collection name

Joseph Nelson Rose field notes from the Department of Botany

Physical Description

1 field book

Physical Location

National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Main Library


Box 1 Folder 1

J N Rose [[preprinted]] NOTE BOOK No. 69 TRADE MARK [[/preprinted]] 104
[[blank page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] (1) A Sedu is much used as a bromplant. I measured one as Acoposelu which was 5 ft long There are 12 to 20 [[insertion]] stems [[/insertion]] found together by shits from palm leafs. The stems are about 1/4 in in diameter "Chicota" or [[broon?]] Grass (no 3003) "Ca huite haba = beamlike Mirasol = white lily [[sold?]] at Lund Chayote = prickly squash? one seeded boiled. ([[Sued?]])
[[blank page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] 2 Plants seen in Plaza at Acaponela Hibiscus yellowflrs [[hames spec?]] " [[Ditto for: Hibiscus]] (have sp. from Lapaz Hibiscus rosia? Rheo (Com [[melinana?]]) Ruelhia Caesalpina two forms Vinca (white fls) Roses Tube roses Colomos Bromelia, Rheo, Zefusia in vases lime trees "Plados" =
[[blank page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] 3 [[strikethrough]] br [[/strikethrough]] Broom plants Sidu {Palm leaves {Bamboo Handles Grass
[[blank page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] 4 Pedro Paulo Aug 3 A little [[comneland?]] with blue [[insertion]] small [[/insertion]] flowers was seen running over brush and along creek bottoms, The spathe is open to the base lower petal nearly as large as the upper but with much shorter stalk; upper petals 4 lines broad; [[cells?]] 3 ~ 2 two seeded [[underline]] Seen [[/underline]] at Dolores [[underline]] also [[/underline]] Indians at [[line pointing to "Jarcota"]] [[vertical line in margin]] Jarcota make much fiber out of Agava filefua They call the plant "Luchiguillo" [[/vertical line]]
[[blank page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] 5 [[Tinambá?]] Sepalo 3 equal white tiped with blue; petals 3 equal white : [[Stames?]] 6. All [[fulirle?]] [[belanesk?]] 3 having 3 [[glahous?]]
[[blank page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] 6 Common plants seen aroun Pedro Paulo Acacia (small [[?]]) Psidium (strongly veined leaves) fence tree oaks 5 sp. [[nomche?]] Lantana (red fls) Melastomaceae (common sp) Cassia round pod. Eucacious tree - [[duleo?]]
[[blank page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] 7 Oaks Reliculeba leaved sp. Bark white thick corky broken into small squar patches tree photographed (no [[strikethrough]] 7 [[/strikethrough]] 8) 40 ft high 16 in at bot. Peteoled leaved Sp Branches redish brown. Trunk 2 1/2 ft strong bark black cork broken into rather large pieces
[[blank page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] 8 Oaks continued Sessile leaved oak. Photographed Aug 3 (No 7) Tree 60 ft high, 3 1/2 ft [[strong?]] with large spreading top bark dark [[line]] Photographs 9 & 10 the Sierra Madre looking eat from foothills Aug 4 [[line]] No 11. Blue flower Vitex? Aug 4
[[blank page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] 9 fig A small fig tree grown near our house (Pedro Paulo) with a trunk 6 ft high, 8 in in diameter and a large flat top; the bark is smooth and gray. The fruit is born in the axils both on the old and new growth always in pair one on each side of a new bud. The fruits are born in little cups which are sessile or nearly so. The leaves are shortly petioled. [[line]] Agave A. Americana seen here
[[blank page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] 10 Most of the huts are covered with a mountain grass [[line]] Aug 5 [[underline]] Bow & arrows [[/underline]] Mimbre bow = Cotton ball Huiloch } anon bamboo } [[underline]] hawk, [[srnead?]] maguey fiber [[/underline]] Uva = grape [[line]] A^[[insertion]] r [[/insertion]]rayan = photographed no 12 & 14 [[large parenthesis ( serving as bracket]] Palm - nut No 13 Palm 25 ft high, 1 ft in diameter: leaves 6 to 8 ft long pinnate; fruit in clusters 1 1/2 ft long [[/large parenthesis serving as bracket]]
[[blank page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] 11 The gourds are 10 in deed 51 in in circumference, 1/2 thick: small hole at top 3 in in diameter We crossed the river this morning on a curious craft composed of 10 large gourds: Each gourd is repeated rapped with strong maguey fiber and then the whole are securely bound with similar wraps. Two of the gourds are in the center and the other 8 surround these. An Indian swims ahead holding the [[strikethrough]] the [[/strikethrough]] raft with one hand guiding it while one swiming
[[blank page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] 12 behind helps to stear it. The raft of course is carried down by the current but it is alway brought to the propper landing; the raft is unloaded and carried up stream some distance above the landing place on the other side. In only took 58 seconds to bring a load across but only about 300 lbs can be carried at once. [[line]] Coro Indians
[[blank page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] 13 "Aguacata" is the name of the Indian village where we stopped on the night of Aug 5th [[Pithecelobrium dulce?]] is grown here, Sapota, [[Anona?]] Photographed pineapple plant (no 18) Alt. 1100 ft
[[blank page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] 14 Commelena [[diamthefolia?]] The upper ray has several flowers (noted one with [[strikethrough]] 4 [[/strikethrough]] 7) lower petal orbicular 5 lines in diameter - two open larger 10 lines [[strikethrough]] long [[/strikethrough]] broad [[strikethrough]] including [[edow?]] [[/strikethrough]] with a slender claw; 2 outer fertile stamen with long filament recurved near tip forming a letter S. Central stamens half as long
[[blank page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] 15 Prionosciadium leaves 3 ft long ^[[insertion]] including [[/insertion]] petiole - (10 to 15 in long and terete & hollow) rachis winged and wingtoothed; very glaucous beneath; whole plant only 3 to 4 ft high Aug 6 - alt 2700 ft
[[blank page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] 16 Dolores The church is made of stone & mud. It has no windows on the sides or rear: just above the wooden doors is a single hole about 2 1/2 by 1 1/2 feet wide. The roof is covered with mountain grass lade upon bamboo sticks The roof extends out about 10ft forming a pourch. Three bells are strung up near the roof side with vines. The bells are reached by a ladder which stand against the wall
[[blank page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] 17 A magnolia 35 ft high and 18 in through was observed along the brook. In habit it resembles a hard maple. The bark is gray & smooth; the leaves a bright green. The old fruit was obtained. [[line]] Wild Agave at Dolores has leaves 72 in long & 4 in broad at middle [[underlined]] Alt. [[/underlined]] of place 3300 ft Cultivate Agave - plant 10 ft high leaves 6 to 7 in broad, glaucous green thick at base, leaves many
[[blank page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] 18 The long leaved pine Trees 40 ft high, 20 ins in diameter were seen. The needles at first are erect but finaly are [[pendant?]] and [[strikethrough]] are [[/strikethrough]] give a very graceful appearance to the trees Arrayan tree 35 ft high 15 ins in diameter: trunk 12 ft long : main branches erect & bark smooth gray
[[start page]] Aug 7/97 19 [[in right hand corner]] button bush alt 3400 Aug 8 Otate - Bamboo, fiber[[Instrument?]] Carrizo = Bamboo
[[blank page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] 20 Agave cochlearis? Leaves 48 in long x 13 in 1/3 distance from top 15 in a the very base, 9 in above the base, strongly concaved above the middle, pale glaucous, 6 in thick at base, end spine 2 in long thick black and pungent, the margin running down for about 9 in: prickley small [[linored?]] either up or down scarcely [[repond?]] between them Used by the Coro Indians for making Pulque. They call it "Mueht [[strikethrough]] " [[/strikethrough]] pulque"
[[blank page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] 21 Aug 8 A ferox [[insertion]] (?) [[/insertion]] grows near here. I saw one specimen this morning. The leaves are not as broad as reported by Baker but it answers this species better then any other I know It is used by the Coro Indians in making Mescal. Aug 11 I have just seen a flowering spec of this species growing on the sides of deep canon near here; leaves 40: 10 to 15 inches long; 3 to 5 in wide below the ovate tip; 2 in broad above the base pale green colors; face flat pungent front 1 m long slightly decurrent [[fidende?]] 12 ft long slender glaucous green; bracte [[scunoro?]] pungent
Muehts = maguey [[strikethrough]] muchtsi [[/strikethrough]] Much'sa fiber of maguey Muehts much'-sa = fiber maguey " [[ditto for Muehts]] pulque = pulque " [[ditto for maguey]] " [[ditto for Muehts]] ti-i'-mue-wa-ka [[insert]]Eating [[/insert]] " [[ditto for maguey]] [[Sumenih?]] = Agave genuiflora [[end page]] [[start page]] 22 Aug 9 [[strikethrough]] "Mueh" [[/strikethrough]] Agave Mexicana? [[strikethrough]] "Muehea" [[/strikethrough]] leaves 60 in long 9 11 in wide - 9 in above the base, concaved above the middle, glaucous; bracts on [[fedinch?]] lanceolate - 2 ft - long; [[fedinch?]] [[insert]] 16 & [[/insert]] 20 in circumference 8 ft high below the flowers, green; side branches 12 to 15 in long Highhly ascending bearing hundreds of flowers; fls yellow; tube short and broad, 9 [[lines?]] long; segment 8 [[lines?]] long; stamens 3 inches long Capsule bright green 2 in long Used [[insert]] for its [[/insert]][[strikethrough]] as [[/strikethrough]] fiber by Coro Indians [[insert]] who call it [[/insert]] "Muek'sa"
[[blank page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] 23 Two species of agave are use by the Coro Indians for fiber A felefina. This makes a short, soft strong fiber used in making roaps A Mexicana Two species are used in making Mescal A ferox & A [[line]] both grow wild near here One species ([[underline]] A [[/underline]] [[blank]]) is roasted and eaten
[[blank page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] 24 [[Prochyrnamthus?]] fls [[overwritten]] 20 [[/overwritten]] 30 [[plus/minus symbol]] in pairs; [[pedicels?]] very short erect or nearly so; tube ascending [[strikethrough]] H [[/strikethrough]] upper part of corolla bell-shaped [[insertion]] somewhat [[/insertion]] hanging. Plant from a bulb [[insertion]] clothed with the remains of old leaves [[/insertion]] crowning a thick candex; 6 ft high [[line]] Seyate
[[blank page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] 25 ; spike 3 [[insertion]] to 4 [[/insertion]] ft long [[insertion]] Agave ferox [[/insertion]]; branches 5 in long S Euagave - monocarpic - A second specimens had leaves 19 in long and six broad.
[[blank page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] [[underlined]] 26 [[/underlined]] Aug 11 narrow leaved oak measured 84 ^ [[insertion]] (sometimes 3 ft ^[[insertion]] Aug 13 [[/insertion]]) [[/insertion]] in in circumference. perhaps 60 ft high rather smooth bark. [[line]] Aug 12 Sedum (no 2198) Stems 1 ft high much bracted leaves linear [[terelt?]] 1/2 in long flrs in leafy [[anymes?]]: [[sepals?]] leaf like green; petals of [[soman?]] bright spreading acute stamins 10 red [[line]] Coro Indians use the thorns of Acacaa
[[start page]] [[blank page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] 27 [[written in the top right corner]] Agave Used by Coro Indians for roasting. plant 5 ft high; leaves about 30, glaucous, about 4 ft long 7 in wide near middle medium thick [[arbora?]]; end [[spine?]] stout 1 m long only slightly [[decumt?]]; teeth medium, dislant space somewhat scalloped [[belivort?]] [[?]]. [[end page]]
[[blank page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] 28 Aug 13 Stiff leaved drooping [[form?]] 2 ft in diam & 60 ft high photoeg Aug 12 - no 127 Two big leaved oaks 60 ft 16 in in diam largest one photographe Aug 12 no 126 Drooping leaved pine 20 in in diamter 60 ft high no 125 [[underlined]] Aug 13 [[/underlined]] [[line]] Small toothed oak Face 35 ft high 12 to 20 in in diameter Large leaved oak 1 to 2 ft in diameter 45 to 50 ft high bark light & [[insertion]] thick [[/insertion]] corky rather open
[[blank page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] 29 Thalictrum 6600 ft Dasylenon & [[strikethrough]] Cedar [[/strikethrough]] 6300 ft narrow leaved oak [[overwritten]] 6400 [[/overwritten]]6200 all glabrous peteoled " [[Ditto for: oak]] 6450 ail white branched [[pine?]] 6200 all other pine, [[gone?]] [[insertion]] for a time [[/insertion]] 6200 Little [[fern?]] palm 5900 ^ [[insertion]] "huisache" [[/insertion]] Acacia [[strikethrough]] [[[huisahe?]] [[/strikethrough]] 5200 al Vilex mole 4200 ft al Vitex liki, Bombay 3600 ft Hairbrush Cactus 3000 [[Oocarpa?]] pine about 3,000 down to 4000 white flowered spike begonia " [[Ditto for: about]] 3000 +
[[blank page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] 30 Agave geminiflora peden 4 spike 12 1/2 Yucca Stem 6 to 10 ft long 4 to 6 in in diameter crowned with a clusters of leaves and with [[oecahrael?]] lateral buds [[line]] Agave ferox: Aug 13 A small specimens was found = flower & specimens collected: spike (2 ft [[strikethrough]] ) [[/strikethrough]] long) & fedarch 8 ft long specimen collected
[[blank page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] 31 Aug 14 Aloe 2400 Brazil 2400 "hutuse" Vitex like orange Ipomoea narrow leaved Ipomoea [[insert]] ^ ? [[/ insert]] 2108 larpod " [[Ditto for: 2108]] nutmeg " [[Ditto for: 2108]] oak 2000 2 figs 1800 Old man cactus 2000 Ceeba 2000 hackberry 2100 Aug 16 1st oak 2400 new Agave (a ferox?) 2700
[[blank page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] 32 Brazil (ends) [[strikethrough]] 27 [[/strikethrough]] 3200 [[Coucloaphylinch?]] 2800 Daisy lemon " [[Ditto for: 2800]] drooping leaved pine 4700 Alt of Camp on night of Aug 15 was [[5?]]700 ft
[[blank page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] [[underlined]] 33 [[/underlined]] Aug 15 Agava ferox? leaves 9 in wide 40 inches long thickish at base, 4 in wide above The base pale green in color plant 6 ft in diameter; leave 50 or more; alt about 5000 ft (b) [[line]] An old specmns was measured with [[pedincle?]] 8 ft long; spike 6 ft long; branch 7 in long; old leave & fruit [[underline]] colbebel [[/underline]] (a) Leaf with [[margined?]] leaves (c) Leaf (d) " [[Ditto for: leaf (d)]] & Aug 16
[[blank page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] 34 Aug 16 [[Oocenpun?]] pine 5200 second pine 5300 narrow leaved oak 5300 fern palm 5300 [[Lamaronchsis?]] 5300 Lupine 7500 We have been 10 hrs. inthe saddle today & have come about 250 m 35 from last town the alt is 8500 ft
[[blank page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] [[underline]] 35 [[/underline]] Agave ferox? (e) Aug 17 alt 8000 ft Leaves about 25, 1 1/2 ft long 5 [[insertion]] to 6 [[/insertion]] in broad near middle 3 to 4 above the base with a sharp pungent end spine 1 1/2 in long [[decimant?]] for 3 or 4 in leaves rather pale green spike 8 ft long pale & glaucous: bract 6 to 7 m long broad at base [[scarous?]] pungnt at apx spike 6 ft long branch about 20 6 in long flowers in [[cluding?]] ovary & stamens 4 in long ; segment yellow not brown the [[?]] darker, 1 in or less long oblong obtuse
[[blank page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] 36 Stamens inserted near top of tube 2 1/2 times long than the segment refering before the styli both brownish
[[blank page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] 37 Aug 18 Agava filifera leave 100 or more 10 in long 1 to 1 1/2 broad pedincle [[strikethrough]] spike [[/strikethrough]] 2 1/2 ft long; spike 8 in long bract long linear reflexed
[[blank page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] 38 A pine (foothill) 6600 [[Nemmeria?]] " [[Ditto for: 6600]] All mt pines drop out about 7000 big leaved [[insertion]] & narrowleaved [[/insertion]] oaks still present and at 6600 Alt 300 ft several tropical plants come in Acacea, Agave, Several cofeel, [[insertion]] & [[dalrium?]] [[/insertion]], Han brush Cactus (5200) the morning glory [[(Nainvoen l)?]] [[bracket]] [[Tofermete?]] = Agave long leaved Aug 23 Also called so at Boleñus [[/bracket]]
[[blank page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] 39 Aug 21 - plants found here nutmeg tree pithecolobium dulce mesquite Hackberry vine [[perhaps?]] different [[Preduem?]] (common sp)
[[blank page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] 40 Aug 21 Hanbrush Cactus [[insertion]] phot [[/insertion]] 146) Has 300 branchs; trunk 3 ft in diameter about 35 ft high; fruits in March & April while on the coast it fruits in August "Sanombrillo" 12 ft high 10 in diameter - (phot no 148) fruit small smooth Oregeno = Lemtino used to flavor frood
At Bolaros saw 12 arrows of these same indians. The upper part is of Bamboo & the lower part of white wood - 2 are of the dark wood like the bow. [[end page]] [[start page]] 41 Aug 24 Bought at [[Huajumaler?]] 1 bow of Brazilwood [[insertion]] (Palo Colorado says Mr. Hoenig) [[/insertion]] & 8 arrows with quiver of Huicholes Indians. Rebozo = head covering. Agave leaves [[insertion]] about 25; [[/insertion]] 60 to 65 in long, 11 to 13 [[insertion]] in [[/insertion]] bowed near middle; 14 to 15 at base 9 to 10 above base, very thick at base [[insertion]] pale [[/insertion]] glaucous, 7 ft long rather slender, [[strikethrough]] [[prickles?]] small straight below stem, thick at base [[/strikethrough]] Used here for making Pulque.
[[blank page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] 42 Aug 24 Agave (b) leave [[insertion]] about 20 [[/insertion]] above the base 6 1/2 to 7 14 at base; 7 1/2 to 9 at middle pale green [[insertion]] 7 ft long [[/insertion]] [[strikethrough]] 7 1/2 to [[/strikethrough]] thick at base, slender, [[picklers?]] small straight [[below?]] thin, thick at base. Used for the making both of Pulque & mescal. Leaves few and long not so pale as the above. [[line] In the plaza a white flag (evidently the mountain species) & the narrow leaved Hymenacallis are the common plants
[[blank page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] 43 Aug 24 Elder tree 20 [[insertion]] to 30 [[/insertion]] ft high 8 in though Glaucous leaved tobacco. Agave Roots 6 to 10 from a short thick rootstock 1 in in diameter; bulbs cloaked with old leaf [[strikethrough]] leaves [[/strikethrough]] bases; radicle leaves about 4, 1 1/2 ft long less than 2 in wide acute, somewhat purplish at base; stem leaves [[distent?]] about 6, gradually reduced above; stem 6 to 7 ft long ; spike proferes 1 1/2 ft long; flo solitary; pessile about 20, 2 1/2 in long including ovary & stamens
[[penarth?]] about near to of ovary less than 1 in long; lobes [[refexed?]] brownish withering; stamens stongly blotched with red. [[end page]] [[start page]] 44 (a) Agave (fiber one) pedincle 35 ft long including spike - branches 2 ft long horizontal; leaves 5 ft long This is the same plant which we saw at Santa Teresa. Photographed by Mr. Nelson. (b) Agave The purque Agarve. Specimen taken
[[blank page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] 45 Aug 26 [[Erythima?]] is used at Mesquiter for [[post?]] in making brush hedges. The [[?]] take [[?]] grow. Hackberry vine is on [[of the?]] common shrubs here, Fennel is cultivated in Plaza
[[blank page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] [[underlined]] 46 [[/underlined]] Aug 27 Monte Escobedo alt
[[start page]] [[blank page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] [[underlined]] 47 [[/underlined]] Prisonos eradum leaves 68 in long 72 [[underlined]] frond [[/underlined]]; [[paleole?]] 25 in long, 5 in circumference hollow; [[terneli?]]. Then 3 to 4 times [[pinnate?]]; rachis [[tereti?]] not winged; segment [[ovati?]] [[to Comcevlate?]] more or less [[toothed?]]; stem 6 ft high; stem leaves fur much smaller redish, glaucous and glubrous; branches verticultate shot, 12 in long, [[pedincles?]] very short, 2 to 3 in long
[[blank page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] [[underlined]] 48 [[/underlined]] South of Monte Escobedo Mr. Nelson brough me an Agave (A filifera). This used here for its fiber which is made into roaps They call it "Lechaquillia"? [[line]] Sotol' = Make mats, blouses, hats Make a distilled liquor similar to mescal called Sotol mixed also with mescal and sold at San Gre[[overwritten]] [[unreadable]] [[/overwritten]] The leaves are cut and spread in swath & laid in the sun to bleach. They are then gathered into sheathed
[[blank page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] [[underlined]] 49 [[/underlined]] And tied; when used in making hats the leaves are split. It is mixed with [[insertion]] wheat [[/insertion]] straw Soyate & palm leaves
[[blank page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] [[underline]] 50 [[/underline]] Soyate - Nolina recurvata Hemsl.; used in making hats. Sometimes maked with straw palm leaves & Solat. Leaves often made into a rude roof. (see at Pladeado)
[[blank page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] [[underline]] 51 [[/underline]] Aug 28 The Commelina with chocolate colored pelals is very common in this valley (alt 6200 ft) The pelals are nearly equal although the upper one has a shorter shank; the lower pelals are 6 lines long and 9 broad the flower itself being 1 1/4 in broad; The two outer upper stamens are longer than the middle one: the lower sepal is smaller & narrower than the other two; the spathe is open to the base hairy without and somewhat acuminate; the upper ray is long and single flowered
[[blank page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] [[underline]] 52 [[/underline]] The stem [[insertion]] some [[/insertion]] what purplish and with short pubescense: pedincle sometimes 3 in long ovary 3 celled 2 two seeded, 1, 1 seeded [[line]] The small Erythrina tree seen this morning in State of Jalisco
[[blank page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] [[underline]] 53 [[/underline]] Aug 29 Caca huate = peanut Patob. = large bean Havas are roasted & Frijol hortelano = a small buff bean sold at Colotlan. Aug 30 The large pink fl. tobacco, hemp, caster oil bean grows along fences Yellow fl Solomen & horse weed & large funnel [[Shominimunx?]] ?) are common weeds
[[blank page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] [underline]] 54 [[/underline]] Saddle sweaters made of palm fiber are sold in the markets here. These are nearly white. They are said to be made of a palm growing near Zacatecas. The fiber is obtained (so it is said) by beating the whole trunk into a fibrous mass [[lines]] Plentiado (arrived Aug 31) Altea = Anvela haslata with olive ole for inflamation of Stom [[underline]] ache [[/underline]] Mamjailla [[insertion]] corp [[/insertion]] a tea use for olive oil for colic tea taken with a few drops of alka hot for [[underline]] nervousness [[/underline]]
A Englemanni (near my primrosa) = Ask M. Trelease for speca Ask for Angus lessima [[end page]] [[start page]] [[Lemtemes?]] [[strikethrough]] Comp white fl. [[/strikethrough]] [[underline]] 55 [[/underline]] Mejorana largely used for indigestion Tabardillo opp leave acute leaves are crushed and taken in water for Typhoid fever [[vertically in margin]] Said to have save the poor people at Zacatecas when the rich died. [[/margin]] Used to relieve deafness caused by the T fever (Stem dried) Marubio = mint [[strikethrough]] An rufus [[/strikethrough]] fermentation for Rhumatism & added to [[strikethrough]] Fe [[/strikethrough]] [[insertion]] (T) [[/insertion]] mescal & rubbed on for the same purpose (leave dried for use)
Notes taken in [[overwritten]] [[Shael?]] [[/overwritten]] [[Chgetmann?]] [[Herb?]] Oct 1 1897 (a) A specimens of Agave heleracanthes said to come from "Hb Monach Aug 1869" may be the type of that species. It seems to be the same as the El Paso specimen. (b) A [[Sluf?]] from Torry's Mx Bond (No 1432) spec. A Lechugilla in Leub. Engl. In garden under A vershaffellio lanceolada are two specimens one with small prickles the other nearly entire (perhaps forms of A [[Louida?]]) See my specimens [[end page]] [[start page]] [[underline]] 56 [[/underline]] Toloachi = Datura [[transposition symbol]] unguent [[/transposition symbol]] make " [[ditto for: Toloachi]] [[/transposition symbol]] and sold in drug store to cure leaves crushed & juice pressed out & [[strikethrough]] mixed with [[/strikethrough]] boiled with tobacco & large to make the unguent Seed also ground and [[underline]] used in [[/underline]] the same way. Make an infusion of the dried leaves
Also chia [[mixed?]] with barley water is sold here. "Sumo de limos" made from the grated rine of the lime [[line]] [[Plum?]] at city of Mexico from Amaca (?) Sept 27 left City of Mexico. Breakfast at Acambaro South of Salva Tierra Soria saw morning glory tree in flower. Collected north of Soria a Leucaina [[end page]] [[start page]] [[underline]] 57 [[/underline]] Cemcur plant take the root & crush & boil it & take the tea of [[strikethrough]] d [[/strikethrough]] disentery Sift 2 No 10 Agave No 11 Prionoscradism Mexicanum Stem 12 ft high, much branched [[strikethrough]] ; [[/strikethrough]] 21 in. in diameter at base; leaves 4 ft long; petesole hollow terche; rachis winged in the upper segments only; leaflets obtuse. Most of leaves opposite lower alternate.
Anayem fruit obtained at Guadalajara Sept 25 1897 - The fruit is used in making one of the - drinks so common here. [[line]] A drink very similar is made from cook corn. ^[[insertion]] called "Tehnino" [[/insertion]] It is of a yellowish color. The Hibis drink is of a cherry color. [[insertion]] fruit of [[/insertion]] Pine apple like plant also used in the same way [[end page]] [[start page]] [[underline]] 58 [[/underline]] Plaleado Sept 2 Agave Leaves 50 or more; 4 ft long straight, uniform, 3 1/2 broad near middle 2 1/2 near base broadening shoots a thick (2 in or so) clasping. base 8 in broad, glaucous green, end spine punqent. 1/2 in long; margin thickly lined with small upwardly rimed from prickly & straight betwen them; Spike with thick straight peduncle 15 ft high branches 15 to 25 in long. Capsule oblong thick 1 1/2 in long [[end page]]
Tamarindus indicus The pods are sold in the market at Guadalajara. The pods are packed in wide shallow 3 ft [[strikethrough]] 4 [[/strikethrough]] 5 in basket. The malerial [[strikethrough]] u [[/strikethrough]] is used in making a cooling drink. [[line]] Hibiscus sold in the same way Amona = fruit smooth Chirimorja = " [[Ditto for: fruit]] rough [[end page]] [[start page]] [[underline]] 59 [[/underline]] Agave new gutata leaves about 6 somewhat spreading, 5 to 6 in long 1 1/2 in broad [[strikethrough]] the [[/strikethrough]] strongly channelled down the facer, acute margin slightly senulate, with a few blotches above nose below [[line]] Collected 1 spec. for Bot Garden Sept 3. at Plaleado alt 7600 ft (no 62. Bot Gard) [[image - arrow indicating insertion]] Sept 4 [[/insertion]] The beautiful Trogon feeds upon the wild cherry A bulb with 2 flat thickish leaves was collected today. leaves green with few spots (no )
[[blank page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] [[underline]] 60 [[/underline]] "Mirto" = No 2804 A large shruby bush of this plant (3 ft high) is grown in a yard here. This said to come from the mts. but I have not met with it. "Pafichua" = [[Confi.?]] (stems have at base) A tea [[strikethrough]] [[?]] [[/strikethrough]] made of the leaves used for indigestion especially among children
Beans collected Sept 24 1 [[Frijie?]] quero 2 " [[Ditto for: [[Frijie?]] ]] Mexicano 3 " [[Ditto for: [[Frijie?]] ]] garvancillo de picachos [[insertion]] 4 " [[Ditto for: [[Frijie?]] ]] [[?]] berde [[/insertion]] 5 " [[Ditto for: [[Frijie?]] ]] encerado 6 " [[Ditto for: [[Frijie?]] ]] legium 7 " [[Ditto for: [[Frijie?]] ]] lavoreño 8 " [[Ditto for: [[Frijie?]] ]] morado bola 9 " [[Ditto for: [[Frijie?]] ]] nuero tempranillo 10 " [[Ditto for: [[Frijie?]] ]] mesquitello 11 " [[Ditto for: [[Frijie?]] ]] negro 12 " [[Ditto for: [[Frijie?]] ]] blanco rallado 13 " [[Ditto for: [[Frijie?]] ]] comdo ? [[line]] 14 [[strikethrough]] ls [[/strikethrough]] [[circled]] Le [[/circled]] equas palolas [[end page]] [[start page]] [[underline]] 61 [[/underline]] Colotter Sept 6 Agave upper leaves & lower bracts lender pale erect, ^[[insertion]] 2 to 4 ft long [[/insertion]] with minute teeth, upper bract [[barrel?]], 1 ft long ovali clasping close to stem, peduncle [[thought?]] 25 in in circumfence 15 to 20 ft high [[insertion]] to first branch [[/insertion]]; inflorece 8 to 10 ft long; branches horizontal 1 1/2 to 2 ft long capsules erect, monocarpic sending of buds at base leaves few about 25, slender & erect [[strikethrough]] 9 [[/strikethrough]] 7 to 9 in broad in middle [[line]] A small leaf or two of a second species was taken (x)
The common slender leaved Agave & small palm tree common in at 5300 ft. Great patches of yellow Cosmos were seen covering whole hillsides with a cloud of gold. Sept 23 We camped last nigh 12 miles west of Guadalajara at about 5100 ft and this morning came into town. Sept 26 I left Guadalajara for City of Mexico [[end page]] [[start page]] [[underline]] 62 [[/underline]] Sept 7 The most common tree seen along the road today was the Mesquitte. A few ^[[insertion]] tree [[/insertion]] Ipomoeas were seen but not many We passed few oaks The shrubby Ipomoea is here and a pack of the chocolate colored Commelia was passed The country is rolling more or less broken skirted with mts. Corn is the principal crop, mixed with beans & pumpkin planted with it
We are now in the State of Zacatecas and have been since leaving & Florescea (?). & will in this state all day. Sept 22 Yesterday we came onto San Christobal a distance of about 50 miles. We were 11 hours in the saddle. The last 4 or 5 hourse were spent coming down the long hill leading to this barraca. The alt of this place is 2500 ft. It is situated on the north bank of the Santiago River. Two new Umbelliferae came in yesterday namely Prion. linearifolia & P. Pringlei, Rob. A new tree Iponeae (Interpelosa) came in along the upper edge of the barraca. [[end page]] [[start page]] [[underline]] 63 [[/underline]] higuerilla [[insertion]] (little big) [[/insertion]] = castor oil plant The seed [[strikethrough]] is [[/strikethrough]] gathered & made into oil. Sept 8 alt of camp 5800 ft [[image - pencil sketch of plough]] [[image label on plough blade]] 6 in [[/label]] Mexican plow made of oakwood
[[strikethrough]] three or 03 [[/strikethrough]] Three Agaves of the herbaceous form were seen One in flower seems to be A revolula; the leaves are 8 to 12 erect or ascending The margin strongly turned up; the peduncle and spike often reach 6 ft. A second one with 12 to 20 leaves laying flat on the ground & much of [[others?]] was seen but not in flower. This is called "Amole" Bravoa (with red flowers) was seen. Alt of camp 6600 ft 35 miles from last camp & one mile behind [[underlined]] Conejo [[/underlined] [[end page]] [[start page]] [[underlined]] 64 [[/underlined]] Sept 9 Alt 5400 Conebrophytum Agave Ipomae tree Bipinnale Bumera [[line]] Catatlan Huila = Agave Palillo = Croton The drink Huila is made at Huila Catatlan a small village above here. The leaves are also used for their fiber which is made into roofs. The plant is roasted and sold at Bolanos. It is very sweet.
Sept 21 Soon after leaving camp we climb the Sierra de Peredo? The highest point being 7200 ft. 5 pines were seen all of which were taken except the long coned one All morning we were in the pines but soon after noon we went down into table land proper often passing through small stretches of oakwood but usually over grassy meshs planted with corn. The wildflower were abundant & gourgous, especially great patches of pink cosmos, purple Cuphea etc. [[end page]] [[start page]] [[underline]] 65. [[/underline]] Plants seen at Bolanis but not collected. [[Juccohana?]] glanca - scandens. tree Ipomoea Erythrina (thorny Heclae Melochia - common pink flowered form [[strikethrough]] tradescentia [[/strikethrough]] Commelina virginica (petals 2 pale blue, small Boerhavia scandens Copseed like verbena calyx inflated Heleocarpus reticulatus Milleria Acacia (with large open thorns Cacia biflora Maitynia Abulilon meana Caslerat bean
Sept 20 [[left margin]] EB79 3079 [[/margin]] Yerba de Toro (bull plant) Used for stomach ache; boiled before taking [[line]] The common white flowered compass laci is used to cover huts. - Agave made sack used in [[underlined]] place [[/underlined]] of doors Our camp (at a small ranch) is 9 leagues from Boleros; alt 4350 Oasis at 4900 Weeping pine came in at 5700 ft Alt of mt 7200 ft [[end page]] [[start page]] [[underlined]] 66 [[/underlined]] Phoeniculum dulce Bernela Papaya Ficus Americana Pitah^[[insertion]] a [[/insertion]]ya tree cotton Malf. vine " [[Ditto for: Malf.]] bush
Wages are very low at Bolemos in fact all over Mexico. At the mine they buy a women to do house work 200 a week but the usual price on the ranches is 100 a month and board. Miners are paid .50 a day [[line]] [[underlined]] Use [[underlined]] rose leaf to cure headache Also vanella bean is ground an put on paper & used for the same purpose. [[end page]] [[start page]] [[underline]] 67 [[/underline]] The Indians bring down mule loads of Ocote [[strikethrough]] a [[/strikethrough]] (pitch bins) which they sell for about 25 per load. One man owns all the mules of the tribe which he hires for 12 each a mules either to go to Bolenos Zacatecas or Guadalajara. - Ocote used [[strikethrough]] for [[/strikethrough]] in place of [[underlined]] candles [[/underlined]]. [[Amoe?]] is brought down by Indians [[image - arrow indication insertion]] [[insertion]] [This plant is used as a soap especially for dish washing etc] [[/insertion]] At Bolemos is a peculiar fig tree (no [[blank space]] ) It grows on [[insertion]] the side [[/insertion]] a cliff of almost solid rock The trunk is flat and thin being 30 wide and 6 in thick
Bursera glaberous bark smooth bluish gray not pealing, 15 to 20 ft high Pines come in at 6200 both the long & the drooping leaves species [[end page]] [[start page]] [[underlined]] 68 [[/underlined]] growing flat against the rocks The tree is perhaps 30 ft high, with nearly white bark. [[line]] Agave filifera is said to grow on the mts. above Bolaños Guadalajara is 165 from Bolanos Colelten is 78 Bolanos is 2800 ft alt. [[Colihsia?]] 3 upper stamens fertile (3 lower [[shirk?]]) filament white - flattened: connective small; cell dehiscing halfway up the back:
Sept 16 Agava ferox?? leaves about 25 purple peduncle about 6 ft high; flower cluster 6 to 7. branches wurling or 1 to 2 in long [[line]] Amole The collecting of these roots is the chief employment of many of these Indians who take them to Bolanos, Eolotlan, Mesquitte Tota Tiche etc. [[end page]] [[start page]] [[underlined]] 69 [[/underlined]] Sept 15 Oak came in at 5,000 ft Alt of Camp (Cave) 7600 ft Agave ferox & A filifera are to be found near camp. Plants found above tropical 4 pines [[insertion]] (a) [[/insertion]] long coned [[insertion]] (b)[[/insertion]] drooping leaved etc Coulbiophythum, Rhodoscradium, Prionosciadum . 3 sp. (a) filiformed leaved (b) Watsoni (?) Mexicana? Saloe, 3 Agaves; Watsons Agave like genus Commelina dianthifolia; Tradescombia 2 sp. 3 Modronò Geremdia, yerba nil Pine (5th) 6700 ft
Frijol = bean. " [[ditto for: Frijol]] Hortelaño = Chile = pepper sause Rebozo = head covering Pitahaya = giantcactus Suadaderos = sweaters Cinchas Huila = Agave Zapemete = Agave Patio = central court duró = fig skin. Queso = cheese Zarape [[insertion]] e [[/insertion]] = kind of blanket - Olla = water jug. Plado = poor people [[end page]] [[start page]] [underlined]] 70 [[/underlined]]
[[strikethrough]] Agua [[/strikethrough]] agua ardiente Distilled liquor. Extensively used throughout Mexico very intoxicating .80 alcohol. Made from cane sugar [[end page]] [[start page]] [[underlined]] 71 [[/underlined]]
[[strikethrough]] Jafesco this side of Tequila [[/strikethough]] [[strikethrough]] Frijol Hortelano [[/strikethrough]] Sierra de | los | Morones Bow wood Amole [[end page]] [[start page]] [[page torn]]
Escobedo Chico = [[underlined]] small [[/underlined]] [[page torn]] [[end page]] [[start page]] [[blank page]]
[[Back cover - blank page]]