Butterflies collected in the Shire Valley, East Africa

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The collection of butterflies was compiled by Horace Waller while in the Shire River Valley (Malawi and Mozambique). It is a collection of sixty-six original butterflies, identified with scientific name, pressed on photographic paper, with outlines and some color added later. They are mostly titled in ink with some observations on appearance (when caterpillar), behavior (speed of movement), habitat (i.e. shade, near specific type of trees), location (along paths), color, and scarcity. Preserved in an oblong album (5 by 11 ins.) with paper wrappers, the upper cover being titled in ink by Kirk and signed with monogram. There are notations for some indicating individuals who described specific species for Entomology Society.|The album was previously thought to have have been compiled by Sir John Kirk, as described in the original Russell E. Train collection catalog entry. The album may have been in Kirk's possession at some point.

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  • Chire, Rio
  • Africa


  • Fieldbook record
  • Field notes
  • Correspondence

Accession #


Collection name

Russell E. Train Africana Collection, 1663-1996, Smithsonian Institution Library, c. 1894-1939

Physical Description

1 field book

Physical Location

Smithsonian Institution. Libraries


Joseph F. Cullman 3rd Library of Natural History