Journal from field trips to the American west, 1960, 1962, 1964

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This journal documents Blackwelder's field trips to several western American states including Colorado, Wyoming, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Utah, and South Dakota to collect insects. These field notes document two separate trips, one that took place from 14 June to 2 September 1960 and another from 24-29 June 1962. Several maps of these locations were pasted into this journal and show the route he traveled. Each location in which specimen were collected is given a station number. There are 233 stations. This journal contains 112 pages.

Date Range

1960, 1962

Start Date


End Date

Mar 07, 1937

Access Information

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  • Beetles
  • Entomology


  • Montana
  • United States
  • Wyoming
  • Colorado
  • South Dakota
  • Utah
  • Idaho
  • Nevada


  • Fieldbook record
  • Field notes
  • Diary
  • Maps

Accession #

SIA Acc. 96-099

Collection name

Richard E. Blackwelder Papers, 1926-1964

Physical Description

1 field book

Physical Location

Smithsonian Institution Archives


Box 1 Folder 18

[[front cover]] [[underlined]] Journal [[/underlined]] 1960 1962 1964
[[blank page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] [[blank page]]
[[pasted in: preprinted map entitled "ENLARGED MAP OT THE DENVER DISTRICT"]] [[end page]] [[start page]] 1 Sta. 1-3. [[margin]] [[underlined]] 1960 [[/underlined]] June 14. Tues. [[/margin]] Left Carbondale with John Downey at 10:30 a.m. in a university Ford 4-door (1960 model) for Utah, Nevada and Colorado. Route was #13 to Pinchneyville, #154 to Red Bud, #3 to Jefferson Barracks Bridge, St.Louis Bypass to Bypass U.S. 40, Bypass 71 north of Kansas City, #71 to St.Joseph, U.S.36 west to Marysville, Kansas. 530 miles [[margin note]] 530 mi. [[/margin note]] Arrived at 11 p.m. (CDT) and stopped at Thunderbird Motel (AAA) west of town. No collecting. [[margin]] June 15 Wed. [[/margin]] Marysville, Kans. to Boulder, Colo. [[blank space]] miles. Route U.S. 36 to Denver outskirts , #72 (bypass) to Denver-Boulder Turnpike. Stopped at LaSalle Motel. [[line]] [[underlined]] Station 1. [[/underlined]] On highway 36 near Stevens Center, Kans. Running on pavement. 1 Carabid, large. [[underlined]] Station 2. [[/underlined]] 7 mi. east of Joes, Colo. on highway 36. Many 3/8-inch Tenebrionids running on pavement or sandy shoulder. 1 Mutillid. A variety of Hymenoptera, flies, Mordellids, etc. on roadside plants. [[underlined]] Station 3. [[/underlined]] 5 mi. east of Byers,Colo. on highway 36. Explanate [[underlined]] Eleodes [[/underlined]] with red stripe on each elytron running on pavement (2). At least two species of Meloids on [[strikethrough]] fl [[/strikethrough]] black-eyed susans; also lacewing, Chrysomelid, etc. [[line]] John visited Donald Eff, amateur lepidopterist, in evening, while I read proof of article for SYSTEMATIC ZOOLOGY.
[[preprinted]] 2 [[/preprinted]] [[underlined]] Station 4. [[/underlined]] [[line]] [[margin]] June 16. Thur. [[/margin]] Boulder & vicinity. Went out south of town to Chautauqua Mesa, where lupines were profuse. Learned to spot the eggs of "blues" on the underside of leaves and on buds and spent the morning collecting them, to be mailed back to SIU for rearing. Got 100+. Also found mature larvae, always on buds and associated with ants (two species). Collected several dozen adults, as well as miscellaneous bugs, bees, damsel flies, & beetles. After lunch (& purchase of hat, cap, sunburn lotion), drove up Flagstaff Mt. road about a mile, elev. about 1000 ft. above Boulder. [[strikethrough]] Station 5 (see above). [[/strikethrough]] From Sta. 4 we mailed back 133 eggs. [[margin]] L [[/margin]] Majority were [[underlined]] Plebejus icarioides [[/underlined]]. A few [[margin]] L [[/margin]] were [[underlined]] Phaedrotes piasus [[/underlined]]. Both species were seen to oviposit on the same host plant, but [[underlined]] piasus [[/underlined]] seems to select buds, whereas [[underlined]] icarioides [[/underlined]] will lay on leaves, stems, and flowers. Other insects include 6 Raphidioidea, a large black sawfly and Cerambycid black with yellow transverse stripes. Will keep the mature larvae for parasite emergence. Kept the immatures with the associated ants. [[margin]] L [[/margin]] Host lupines were collected. [[insertion, in pencil]] Ligdamus [[/insertion]] [[underlined]] Station 5. [[/underlined]] Flagstaff Mt. road about 1 mile above Chautauqua Mesa, 1000 ft. above Boulder. A few lupines. Found very little except a [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]] 3 [[/preprinted]] Sta. 5-7 [[strikethrough]] green or blue Meloid. [[/strikethrough]] few bees, bugs, beetles. No eggs or larvae [[line]] Then returned to Boulder and drove up the main canyon to the west - to Nederland. Then on up a road toward Caribou - a sky area. The car simply wouldn't pull the grade. [[line]] [[underlined]] Station 6. [[/underlined]] Caribou, above Nederland, Boulder Co., 8800 feet, along an abandoned railroad embankment now used as a road. Lupines inconspicuous but abundant. 65 eggs found on buds. May have been 2 spp. of lupines (both collected). Many flowers of many sorts. Collected a few spiders (2 bright yellow), two bees under dung, several black spiders also under the dry cow dung, metallic Meloids. [[line]] [[line]] Still at La Salle Motel, Boulder. [[margin]] June 17. Fri. [[/margin]] North on rte. 7 to Left Hand Canyon, to visit one of Eff's lupine localities. Found it posted. [[margin]] 30± [[/margin]] Continued up main canyon west. [[underlined]] Station 7. [[/underlined]] 10 mi. w. of rte. 7 in Left Hand Canyon. [[insertion]] 6500 ft. elev. [[/insertion]] A clear-wing Sphingid on a glabrous lupine. 1 larva with ant and one or two eggs of a blue. Lupine sample collected. [[margin]] L [[/margin]] Several dozens adult blues, several large bumble bees. Also two more mature larvae with associated ants. Miscell. beetles & flies & wasps. [[line]]
[[preprinted]] 4 [[/preprinted]] [[insertion, in pencil]] speedometer 10,005 [[/insertion]] Lunch at Ward, Colo. Elevation 9254'. Altimeters both on-the-nose (set at Boulder). [[insertion, in pencil]] Colo. rte. 160 [[/insertion]] [[line]] [[underlined]] Station 8. [[/underlined]] 5 mi. north of Grand Lake. Speedometer 10087. Elevation 8750. 2 blues & small Scarabaeid. [[margin]] L [[/margin]] [[underlined]] Station 9. [[/underlined]] On Highway 87, 1 mile w. on Gore Road. Dead beaver beside road, skull mashed. Took off left hind foot for Stains . Elev. 7650. [[line]] From Estes Park followed Moraine Park road, crossed little moraine to w. end of Deer Mt., then took "new" Trail Ridge Road, which climbs to [[strikethrough]] 11,200 [[/strikethrough]] [[insertion]] 12,183 [[/insertion]] feet on the windswept ridge, then drops to Milner Pass at 10,759 feet as the road swings south to Grand Lake. Had a good view up our old valley north of the small moraine, but couldn't see any cabin. The view from Trail Ridge Road is grand. Came out at Grand Lake on US 34, then west on US 40. Rabbit Ears Pass was closed for construction, so we took the Gore Pass Road to the south - rte. 84. It was dark all the way to Steamboat Springs, where we found a VFW convention and all rooms filled. So went on to Craig. Speedometer - 10255. [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]] 5 [[/preprinted]] Sta. 8-11 [[margin]] June 18. Sat. [[/margin]] [[underlined]] Station 10. [[/underlined]] 7 mi. w. of Maybell, ^[[insertion]] Colo., [[/insertion]] on US 40. Elevation 6250 ft. Speedometer 10290. Lupines of Great Basin variety. Saw no adults, one hatched egg on leaf. Collected lupine samples. Also the lupine from farther east, with mature larvae around base, with two species of ants in attendance. Large fly without mouthparts, misc. Hymenops. Two first instar larvae on "silver" lupine and several eggs (1/2 mile farther on.) Lupine in plant press of two kinds: The one marked Host Lupine is the [[underlined]] silver. [[/underlined] The Non-host Lupine of plant press yielded the larvae at base. It has the prominent rib, the narrow folded leaves, and bright green color. [[line]] At Vernal stopped at Museum for directions into the Uintas. Also made reservation at a motel (Dinosaur) for tonight. Speedometer 10384. [[line]] [[underlined] Station 11. [[/underlined]] 20 mi. n. of Vernal, [[insertion]] Utah, [[/insertion]] on rte 44. 8200 feet. Many isolated lupines. Found one empty egg, larval damage. Collected 50 or so adults of two or more species. Samples of lupines. 4 - 5 p.m. Found a 10-point antler - old & broken. Also a Lucanid ([[underlined]] Platycerus [[/underlined]]), a Carabid, a variety of wasps, a robber-fly with captured moth, etc. [[margin] L [[/margin]] Blues included: [[underlined]] Phaedrotes piasus [[/underlined]] (11), [[underlined]] Glaucopsyche lygdamus [[/underlined]] (3), [[underlined]] Plebejus icarioides [[/underlined]] (19 [[male symbol]], 6 [[female symbol]]), [[underlined]] Lycaenopsis pseudargiolus [[/underlined]] (1). Also [[underlined]] Coenonympha [[/underlined]] (8), [[underlined]] Oeneis [[/underlined]] (arctic - 1), [[underlined]] Papilio [[/underlined]] (1).
[[preprinted]] 6 [[/preprinted]] [[underlined]] Station 12. [[/underlined]] Vernal, Utah. At lights. 2 crickets and 1 trichopteran. [[line]] Drove through part of the Uinta Basin, formed by the upended and truncated Mesozoic and Paleozoic beds separated by erosion from the massif of the Uinta Mountains. These beds are colorful, and continue into Dinosaur National Monument to the east. The Uintas visible from Vernal or north of it are rounded and tree-covered, with sharp box canyons and valleys. Farther back, they are more rugged and patched with snow. Highest peak is Kingo Peak, 13,498 ft., which is also the highest point in Utah. [[margin]] June 19. Sun. [[/margin]] Continued on US 40 about 20 mi. west of Duchesne, Utah, [[insertion]] speedometer 10516. [[/insertion]] then north on Rte. 208 10 mi., northwest on Rte. 35 along Duchesne River. This seems to be a continuation of Uinta Basin. For miles the telephone poles carried TV lead-in dual cable with connections to every house or ranch. This road heads across the southwest corner of the Uintas. [[line]] [[underlined]] Station 13. [[/underlined]] 14 mi. n.w. of Tabiona. 7320 ft. In Wolf Creek Canyon. [[margin]] L [[/margin]] [[underlined]] Papilio, l icarioide,[[/underlined]] Hymenoptera, chafers in sweeping, [[underlined]] Cicindela, [[/underlined]] large perfect [[underlined]] Papilio [[/underlined]] abundant. [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]] 7 [[/preprinted]] Sta. 12-14 [[underlined]] Station 14. [[/underlined]] Speedometer 10558. Same road. [[margin]] L [[/margin]] Several hatched eggs, many male[[strikethrough]] blu [[/strikethrough]] [[underlined]] icariodes [[/underlined]] and a few females. Pair of Asilids in Copula. One pair of the blues in copula. Red & black Clerid. Elev. 7425 ft. [[line]] Continued on rte. 35 to Kamas. Had a second lunch and doubled back on rte. 150 into The Uintas. Mileage at Kamas was 10,575. At 10,590 arrived at Soapstone Guard Station. 7800 feet. [[strikethrough]] [[underlined]] Station 15. [[/underlined]] [[/strikethrough]] The "guard" didn't know of any Forest Service building we could use for an office. He is a temporary employee under the ranger. We then continued over the pass to Mirror Lake, and on the way had a splendid view of the real Uintas, very rugged and grand. The guard at Mirror Lake also knew of no lupine, so we went back over the pass. My father did some geology in the Uintas in the first decade of the century, but I can't recall hearing any details about that trip.
[[preprinted]] 8 [[/preprinted]] [[margin]] June 20. Mon. [[/margin]] Camped at 7500 ft. on Mirror Lake Road in Uinta Mts., a few miles below Soapstone Guard Station. The Wolf Creek Pass Road comes in at Soapstone but was closed, so we came in through Kamas. At Shingle Creek Forest Camp. Speedometer 10634. [[line]] [[underlined]] Station 15. [[/underlined]] 3 mi. w. of Shingle Creek Camp. Open sagebrush hillside and creek bottom. Many cicadas, misc. bees, beetles (espec. Clerids), several Hesperiods, etc. Raphidoid apparently on sage, robber fly. 2 Aegeriids. At entrance to Yellow Pine - Castle Lake Trail. [[underlined]] Station 16. [[/underlined]] 2 mi. above Hailstone, Utah. 1 Clerid. Photo of private fish hatchery. [[underlined]] Station 17. [[/underlined]] 5 mi. n. ^[[/insertion]] of U.S. 40 [[/insertion]] in East Canyon. 6025 feet. Speedometer 10676. General collecting. [[margin]] L [[/margin]] Many Cicadas, flies, 25 eggs & 1 [[male symbol]] [[underlined]] icarioides, [[/underlined]] Hymenops, grasshoppers. [[underlined]] Station 18. [[/underlined]] Parley's "Last Chance" station, 1 mi. s. of Lambs Canyon on [[strikethrough]] rte [[/strikethrough]] US 70. Elev. 5850 ft. Lupine in bloom, [[margin]] L [[/margin]] eggs on leaves & buds, 2 [[female symbol]] 1 [[male symbol]] [[underlined]] icarioides [[/underlined]] flying. 1 Cerambycid, small beetles, 1 [[underlined]] Colias, [[/underlined]] a bumblebee, etc. [[line]] [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]] 9 [[/preprinted]] Sta. 15-19 [[margin]] June 21. Tues. [[/margin]] Went up to Biology Department at the University. Had a nice visit with Angus Woodbury, who showed us a new proposal to protect the Rainbow Bridge from Colorado River development plans. Beautiful aerial photographs of the canyon regions involved. Had lunch with Don M Rees and A R Gaufin, at the Union Cafeteria. Then found Steven Janson, who has been marking blues in advance. [[strikethrough]] Dro [[/strikethrough]] [[line]] Drove up Big Cottonwood Canyon, where Steve demonstrated "his" marking method, using red India ink. The specimen marked flew normally, but never very far. She seemed worn. After first flight of 4 feet, she rested for 20 minutes, and then flew only when directly disturbed, for only a few feet, seeming to be impaired or upset. The marked wing seemed to be damaged. [[underlined]] Station 19. [[/underlined]] Mouth of Big Cottonwood Canyon. elev. 5100 ft. Count of lupine stalks/eggs was 17/51 (John) & 5/50 (Dick.) 2 spp. of Bombyliids, [[margin]] L [[/margin]] 1 [[male symbol]] [[underlined]] Plebejus melissa [[/underlined]] (it was common on clover), [[margin]] L [[/margin]] 3 or 4 [[underlined]] Strymon melinus [[/underlined]] in excellent condition, 1 ant in association with [[underlined]] icarioides [[/underlined]] larva, 3 larvae in all. Thistles in bloom. 1 larva ready to moult.
[[preprinted]] 10 [[/preprinted]] [[underlined]] Station 20. [[/underlined]] Brighton, top of Big Cottonwood Canyon. About 8300 feet. 1 sawfly, 2 [[underlined]] Cicindela [[/underlined]], [[underlined]] Calloplarys [[/underlined]] sp. (green hair-streak.), [[underlined]] Phyciodes [[/underlined]], [[margin]] L [[/margin]] 3 or 4 small Asilids, Cicadas were singing but not collected. Included in this was a side trip 2 miles up the Guardsman Pass Road, where the lupines were found, but very immature. No blues seen. [[line]] [[margin]] June 22. Wed. [[/margin]] Took car for oiling, greasing, carburetor adjustment. Then drove up benches [[strikethrough]] back of [[/strikethrough]] north of city. [[underlined]] Station 21.[[/underlined]] City Creek Canyon above Salt Lake City. [[margin]] L [[/margin]] Few lupines, only 3 hatched eggs. 6 [[underlined]] icarioides [[/underlined]], [[underlined]] Phylodes, melissa, Everes [[strikethrough]] amantuba, [[/strikethrough]] [[insertion]] comintas [[/insertion]] Strymon mo[[insertion]] e [[/insertion]] linus [[/underlined]], good general collecting. [[underlined]] Acmalodera [[/underlined]], Anthicids, [[underlined]] Cremastocheilus [[/underlined]], Coccinellids, bee flies, many Hymenops, a Vhysanusan, etc. All in about an hour. [[underlined]] Station 22.[[/underlined]] Emigration Canyon, above Salt Lake City. Elevation 5850. Many [[strikethrough]] flowers but no [[/strikethrough]] lupine. 1 [[strikethrough]] major [[/strikethrough]] mature [[underlined]] icarioides [[/underlined]] larva with ants, very large; took lupine count and samples, another larva with [[margin]] L [[/margin]] smaller ant, about 6 adults, 1 [[underlined]] piasus [[/underlined]], x 1 [[underlined]] melissa [[/underlined]], a white skipper, large sphinx larva on road evidently parasitized, many snake flies on lupine, large reddish [[underlined]] Ludius [[/underlined]] also on lupine, 1 [[underlined]] Cicada [[/underlined]], misc. Hymenops, [[underlined]] Acmaeodera [[/underlined]], 2 Clerids. [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]] 11 [[/preprinted]] Sta. 20-25 [[underlined]] Station 23. [[underlined]] Reservoir in upper part of East Canyon, on road from Emigration Canyon to Henefer or Morgan. 2 flies. John spent the evening with friends, so I took his mother to dinner at the Hot Shoppe and then mounted part of the days catch. [[margin]] June 23 Thurs. [[/margin]] Out at 9:15 after putting away some of last nights catch. Headed for Mill Creek Canyon, between Pasley's and Big Cottonwood. [[underline]d] Station 24. [[/underlined]] 10 mi. above mouth of Mill Creek Canyon, [[margin]] L [[/margin]] elev. 7550. 4 [[underlined]] Glaucopsyche [[/underlined]], 3 [[underlined]] Everes [[/underlined]] (tailed), 3 Asilids, 1 Syrphid, 1 sawfly, 2 Clerids. Glabrous crisp lupine collected. Two yellow & a red flower also collected. Egg count 0/33 stalks. [[line]] John described the varied relationships between the Tycaemidae and ants. Some are completely independent, some facultative myrmecophiles, and some obligate. Referred to Baldufas summary. John [[strikethrough]] H [[/strikethrough]] has been accumulating the data on this one family and may publish it. [[line]] [[underlined]] Station 25. [[/underlined]] 1 mi. above entrance to Mill Creek Canyon. Elev. 5350. No lupine. [[underlined]] Acmaeodera [[/underlined]], [[margin]] L [[/margin]] a small Dermestid, [[underlined]] Plebejus acmo [[strikethrough]] m [[/strikethrough]] Philotes battoides, Callipsyche behrii [[/underlined]] (all 3 blues), large dragonfly, another sp. of snakefly, 1 Cicada.
[[preprinted]] 12 [[/preprinted]] [[underlined]] Station 26. [[/underlined]] 1 mi. above Alta, Utah, on road to upper basin. No blues, took lupine sample. 2 [[underlined]] Cicindela [[/underlined]], robber flies, green chafer, bugs. [[underlined]] Station 27. [[/underlined]] Little Cottonwood Canyon. Speedometer 909. Elev. 6660. Lupine in bloom, eggs on 3/50 stalks. No adults. (Light rain just passed. Nemognathine on thistle, Hymenops, clusters of [[underlined]] Bembex [[/underlined]], bumble bees, [[underlined]] Acmaeodera [[/underlined]], wasps, Malacoderm? [[underlined]] Station 28. [[/underlined]] Same as Sta. 19. Lupine very old; no blues, no eggs, no larva. On bench to east, south of Canyon entrance, saw one egg, took one larva. [[margin]] June 24. Fri. [[/margin]] Out to Stansbury Mts. south of Great Salt Lake. Searched for lupines near base of canyon, found none. [[underlined]] Station 29. [[/underlined]] South Willow Canyon, 9 mi.s.w. of Grantsville, Tooele Co., Utah. Elev. 7300 ft. Many moths flying, Cicadas high. [[insertion]] many [[/insertion]] [[underlined]] Speyeria [[/underlined]] [[strikethrough]] (4) [[/strikethrough]] [[margin]] L [[/margin]] for Donald Eff, [[underlined]] Philotes [[/underlined]] (2), [[underlined]] Everes [[strikethrough]] amyntula [[/strikethrough]] [[insertion]] comyntas [[/insertion]] [[strikethrough]] 6 [[/strikethrough]], Tachnids, Tabanids, Bombyliids, Therevids, Stratiomyids, Muscids, Tipulids. Very large Bumblebees, [[insertion]] (3 spp) [[/insertion]] on thistle at lower elevations, 2 Meloids, 1 clerid also on thistle; Sphecoids, a bronze Buprestid, lacewings. [[underlined]] Station 30. [[/underlined]] North Willow Canyon, e.side Stansbury Mts., Elev. 6050 ft. Many [[underlined]] Speyeria [[/underlined]], Cedar-sage area, [[margin]] L [[/margin]] - Eriogonum, Sego, thistle. [[underlined]] Melissa [[/underlined]], [[underlined]] Mitoura siva. [[/underlined]] Aegeriid. [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]] 13 [[/preprinted]] Sta. 26-34 [[underlined]] Station 31. [[/underlined]] Pass between Grantsville & St John. Elev. 5450 ft. Large field of thistles. took a few Nemognathines, some Clerids or Malachiids, many types of Hymenops, Cicadas, [[underlined]] Station 32. [[/underlined]] Johnson's Pass between [[insertion]] the [[/insertion]] Stansbury and the Onaqui Mts. Elev. 6237 ft. [[underlined]] Speyeria [[/underlined]], slender Asilids, in copula, Bombyliid, 1 [[underlined]] Colias alexandra [[/underlined]], vial of dasytids from thistle. Dermestids from dead rabbit also Histerids. [[underlined]] Station 33. [[/underlined]] Eureka, Utah. Cemetary west of town. One large Elaterid only. [[margin]] June 25 Sat.[[/margin]] The only place near Salt Lake City where we have found much was Parley's Canyon (Rte 40), where we collected the day we arrived, so we went back there for another try. [[underlined]] Station 34. [[/underlined]] Same as sta. 18. Parley's Canyon, elev. 5800 ft. Took a score or more of eggs, [[margin]] L [[/margin]] at least two score male [[underlined]] icarioides [[/underlined]] and 8 or 10 females. Kept the latter alive to see if they wouldn't lay more eggs for us. [[insertion]] [[strikethrough]] [[underlined]] (none did.) [[/underlined]] [[/strikethrough]] [[/insertion]] No larvae. John sifted several [[insertion]] (3) [[/insertion]] ant nests for pupae, but they weren't in evidence. Stalk count of [[underlined]] icarioides [[/underlined]], of 135 stalks 16 had eggs, additional stalks uncounted. All females except four died by 2p.m. Sunday without laying eggs. One egg was laid by that time. These four put in sun. [[line]]
[[pre-printed]] 14 [[/pre-printed]] [[margin]] June 26. Sun. [[/margin]] Spent the morning mounting insects, cleaning bottles, and preparing for more travels. In the afternoon I called on Arthur L Crawford, his wife, and their granddaughter Marjorie. Stayed for supper and until 9:30 chatting with Arthur. He's always interesting, and we ranged from politics to philosophy to evolution and back to L.D.S and Catholicism as authoritarian religions compared to Protestantism in general. Mrs. Crawford particularly emphasized their fondness for EB and their indebtedness to him for past help and friendliness. Home in time to write a letter to EB & JBB. John to his aunts', Emily & Dean Henroid, and then took his grandmother, [[strikethrough]] ( [[/strikethrough]] Ella Owens, and his mother to see a 95-year-old lady from Eureka. [[insertion, business card]] [[strikethrough]] Phone - Glenwood Spgs. 054R11 located at Okanela Lodge [[/strikethrough]] Dawson Taxidermy MOUNTING . TANNING . NOVELTIES GLOVES AND JACKETS (made to order) Mr. and Mrs. Clarence F. Dawson R.R. No. 2 Glenwood Springs, Colorado [[/insertion, business card]] [[end page]] [[start page]] [[pre-printed]] 15 [[/pre-printed]] [[insertion - preprinted map entitled "Enlarged Map of the Salt Lake City Ogden District". Several routes shaded blue, with arrow from east labeled US 40, indicating that route on the map]]
[[preprinted]] 16 [[/preprinted]] Last Friday from Johnson Pass we headed southeast to visit Eureka, where John was born. We turned up Church Street looking the Downey's former home - birthplace - but the house was gone and not even foundations visible. We inquired directions from a young lady who turned out to be a former student of John's at Utah U, now married to a former friend of John, Frank McCabe, who worked for Continental Mine Co. of Eureka. He had just been a bad auto accident. We then drove back west to the cemetery, where a Mr. Webb told us much about the arrangements. John's grandfather's grave is there - in "Catholic Row" - but we couldn't find it. (Later told that it is unmarked. Found the Owens' (maternal grandmother) plot, where her son Frank is buried. Found plot of another John C. Downey - no relation. He was also an electrician at the mines, as was John's father, but the latter was also Chief of Police of Eureka. Mr. Webb recognized [[strikethrough]] the [[/strikethrough]] right Downey as: "Oh, yeah. The Cop! The guy that got the Legion of Honor." The Croix de Guerre with six palms awarded personally by Foch. Also the Medal Militaire. Also the Silver Star from Pershing. Recommended also for Congressional Medal of Honor, but it was never awarded. [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]] 17 [[/preprinted]] He was an electrician stringing communication lines, but sometimes he had to carry messages as a runner. On three such trips he was gassed, and died of this in February 1933 in the Veteran's Hospital in Tucson, Ariz. He was buried with full military honors in Salt Like City, and the family rode with the casket from Tucson. We continued northeast to Santaquin, east of the south end of Utah Lake, where we stopped for a few minutes to see June Downey Stewart, [[insertion]] ? [[/insertion]] who is a cousin. She had seen the grave within 3 years. Then on to Provo where we stopped again to see Jessie Downey [[(male symbol)]] who is June's brother, another cousin, who was living in Tucson with the J C Downeys the year in the hospital. John's mother is Cleone Owens Downey. Her mother is Ella Owens whom we visited several times. (We stayed with Cleone while in Salt Lake.) She is 82, very alert, hears well, sees better than she admits, plays bridge, lives alone, and has a remarkable memory even for recent things. Cousin Charlotte Edlin (daughter of Emily & Dean) called one evening. Another daughter, Francella, lives in Boise, Idaho.
[[preprinted]] 18 [[/preprinted]] [[margin]] June 27. Mon. [[/margin]] Up early to pack, do some errands, and leave for [[strikethrough]] Utah [[/strikethrough]] Nevada. Went to University to borrow 6 Schmidt boxes, as [[strikethrough]] I [[/strikethrough]] we have filled the five we brought. Then met Steve Durrant. Waited an hour for the mailman, and in the meantime went down to Zion Bookstore. Couldn't find out anything about a rumoured history of the Tintic Mining area (Eureka), but saw some interesting things. A first edition of Spencer's Principles of Biology ($17.50), a volume called "East of the Sun and West of the Moon" by Kermit Roosevelt, Patton's Evolution of the Vertebrates which I snatched up for $5.00, an Italian dictionary, a Portuguese one, a Swedish one, all of which were new and $4.00 each, and a new book on the mountains of Wyoming. Looked interesting but [[double underlined]] may [[/double underlined]] be primarily concerned with recreation. John coveted a copy of Wallace's [[line drawn]] but resisted it. Also a book on cannibalism! This is a large bookstore with many interesting books, including copies of Haeckel, an old Swinnerton paleontology, much western history, quite a few philosophical science books, and the many popular evolution books. [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]] 19 [[/preprinted]] [[image - pasted in preprinted partial map of Utah, showing Salt Lake City and Provo. Blue lines indicate routes taken, with arrows showing direction of travel]]
[[start page]] [[preprinted]] 20 [[/preprinted]] Followed US 40 to Wendover, then on to Pequop Summit 20 miles east of Wells. Found lupine scarce in same locality as previous years and took a few eggs. Then two miles west, below the summit, found a side road through a gate up a narrow winding valley to the southeast. Followed it a mile in the car then another mile on foot. At the end of the two miles found lupine in abundance, with some eggs. [[underline]] Station 35. [[/underline]] Pequop Summit on US 40, 24 mi. west of Wells, Nevada. [[underline]] Icarioides [[/underline]] eggs rare on lupine (same as collected 1959 and earlier). [[underline]] Station 36. [[underline]] Small canyon southwest of Pequop Summit, same elevation. Eggs on lupine, bringing to 47 the total for "Pokay". An [[underline]] Eleodes [[/underline]] and [[left margin]] 208 mi. [[/left margin]] [[underline]] Station 37. [[/underline]] Wells, Nevada. At lights, a few dark [[underline]] Melolontha [[/underline]] and a smaller Melolonthine. Speedometer 11483 [[left margin]] June 28 Tues. [[/left margin]] Decided to stay in Wells another night and work in the Ruby Mts. So drove down the east side, after mailing the 46 eggs collected last night. They go by Air Mail, but from here that may take more than two days. [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprint]] 21 [[/preprint]] Sta. 35-40 [[underline]] Station 38. [[/underline]] 13 mi. n. of Ruby, Nev. Much lupine along road at elev. of 6000 ft. Eggs scarce, 1 [[female symbol]] & 1 [[male symbol]] [[underline]] icarioides, [[/underline]] 1 [[underline]] Melissa [[/underline]], misc. flies & hymenops. Took sample of lupine. Three cast skins of larvae on lupine. More [[strikethrough]] in [[/strikethrough]] hatched eggs than unhatched. Quite a few Neuropteran eggs. Large red and black ants on one lupine - antagonistic - but they were definitely tending red aphids. [[underline]] Station 39. [[/underline]] Along road just south of Ruby Valley, Nev. Many blues but few [[underline]] icarioides [[/underline]], eggs scarce, fine general collecting: 2 Rhipiphorids, red weevils, many Diptera & Hymenoptera. (See list on next page.) also 2 Sapygidae. Had lunch at the Rock House, a hunting lodge and beer bar at Ruby Valley, which is nothing more than that. Had lunch with the family for $1.25 each. OK except for lack of liquids. Continued south to Harrison Pass road over Rubies. [[underline]] Station 40. [[/underline]] Harrison Pass over Ruby Mts, Nev. at top, elev. 7247ft. Red [[underline]] Aphodius [[/underline]] and small black Histerids & a few Staphylinids under cow dung. [[left margin]] 180 mi. [[/left margin]] At first found no larvae, then found a series of very rich clumps, probably yielding several hundred in two hours. (Actually 406.) Many were on very lowest leaves. A few other insects. [[end page]]
[[preprinted]] 22 [[/preprinted]] At sta.39 the following Lycaenidae: [[margin]] L [[/margin]] 15 [[underlined]] Plebejus melissa [[/underlined]] 6 [[underlined]] Phaedrotes piasus [[/underlined]] 3 [[underlined]] Plebejus icarioides [[/underlined]] (1[[male symbol]], 2 [[female symbol]]) 4 [[underlined]] Lycaena helloides [[/underlined]] 3 [[underlined]] Strymon calanus [[/underlined]] 1 [[underlined]] Strymon titus [[/underlined]] 1 [[underlined]] Satyrium fuliginosum [[/underlined]] [[line]] The Ruby Mts. seem to be in three parts, with the northeasternmost part called East Humboldt Mts. The pass between these & center section is Secret Pass and between the two others Harrison Pass. I saw only faint indications of the fault scarp along the eastern face. Nowhere did we see any garnets, although the schist was present. The mountains are much more rugged than I remembered them, with water in abundance flowing out on both sides. There are said to be at least two "roads" up canyons on the east side. The Harrison Pass road on the west side comes out south of Jiggs. The Kleckner ranch was not clearly evident, but one was labelled K. I saw no Post Office at Jiggs. The valley to the west is entirely different from that to the east. Its higher and much dissected, better watered. [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]] 23 [[/preprinted]] [[image - pasted in, preprinted map of Nevada. Blue lines show routes taken, with arrows showing direction of travel. Route enters state via US 40, as indicated by blue arrow at right of map. Routes go to Elko, make several circuits in the vicinity, and then go toward Mountain City.]]
[[pre-printed]] 24 [[/pre-printed]] Speedometer 11663 [[margin]] June 29 Wed. [[/margin]] Got to bed late last night because we collected until seven and then had to return to Wells where we still had a motel room - nearly 100 miles. Then counted the 426 eggs and prepared for mailing. Mounted part of the many other insects. [[underlined]] Station 41.[[/underlined]] Canyon on [[strikethrough]] w [[/strikethrough]] n.w. side of Secret Pass. Elevation 6150. Probably only 1 species of lupine, but it looks more lush on west facing slopes. Eggs on these; four lupines preserved, one on which eggs were found, others labelled "Host?" On east facing slope probably same lupine, but with more eggs - specimen marked "Host with eggs - east facing slope". 1 [[male symbol]] [[underlined]] icarioides [[/underlined], few miscell. [[circled]] also below. [[/circled]] [[margin]] L [[/margin]] [[line]] We had circled west and south and east from Wells past Starr Valley into Secret Pass road, which is newly built and asphalted from the [[underlined]] east [[/underlined]] side to the entrance to the down grade on the west side. Lush park area at top of the pass - el. 6457 ft - extending into several square miles. Much grazing. Several farms. [[line]] At Sta. 41 took altogether 30 ± eggs, 4 [[male symbols]] & 6 [[female symbols]] ± [[strikethrough]] 10 [[/strikethrough]] 15 adults, [[margin]] L [[/margin]] [[underlined]] Satyrium [[/underlined]] common flying. Also [[underlined]] P. melissa [[/underlined]]. 1 Cicada, Chrysidids, 4 spp. of bee-flies, Larid wasps. [[line]] Then out onto flats again and 16 miles south to Lemoille. Lunch in a tavern, plus a pony of Curacao and some beer, then to mouth of Lemoille Canyon. [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]] 25 [[/preprinted]] Sta. 41-44 [[line]] [[underlined]] Station 42. [[/underlined]] Mouth of Lemoille Canyon, n.w. side of Ruby Mts, east of Elko, Nev. Elev. 6175 feet. Sample of a silvery lupine - apparently the host last year. No eggs but much moth (snail larvae) damage. Very [[margin]] L [[/margin]] dusty situation. 2 [[underlined]] icarioides [[/underlined]] [[female symbol]], 1 Cicada, 1 Asilid, Vespids, green blister beetle, Mordellids, several "browns", a bumble bee, a Chrysidid, 2 spp. Nomadidae. [[underlined]] Station 43. [[/underlined]] 5 mi. west of Sta. 42 on sagebrush [[margin]] L [[/margin]] bench, Lemoille - Elko Road. [[underlined]] Melissa [[/underlined]] on clover, sample of lupine, six [[strikethrough]] legs [[/strikethrough]] eggs or so, 1 1st instar larva. Definitely host. [[underlined]] Station 44/ [[/underlined]] Doby Summit on rte. 11, 10 mi. n. of Elko, Nev. Elev. 6554ft. A fulvous lupine apparently not same as any last few days. Sample pressed. 4 eggs. Large black Elaterid. Total 7 hatched, 7 unh. At mileage 11830 ( 60 mi. from Elko) crossed the divide into the Columbia River draniage from the Humboldt River drainage. Elevation 6438 feet. Lupine has followed us from Sta. 44. [[line]] From Elko we followed rte. 11, but the newer route 43 and 11A parallels this and we followed it. The mountains are less rugged but are all around. Wildhorse Reservoir is partly in an open valley and partly in a narrowing canyon. Very attractive. Brown rocks appear to be basalt.
[[preprinted]] 26 [[/preprinted]] Stopped in Mountain City for supper. Saw a new motel and decided to stay. Chevron Motel. We were first ones in Room 1, just finished. Twin double beds for $8.00. Room 2, has 1 double and 1 single. [[underlined]] Very [[/underlined]] nice for such an out-of-the-way place. [[image - pasted in, preprinted map showing part of Nevada, including Elko and Wells. Blue lines show routes taken, with blue arrows indicating direction of travel]] [[margin note]] 223 mi. [[/margin]] [[image - business card]] [[business card text]] SLIM & MARION SAXTON ROCK HOUSE Hunting & fishing Accomodations Bar - License - Post Office - Gas PHONE: 26-J-211 RUBY VALLEY, NEVADA [[/text]] Speedometer 11860 [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]] 27 [[/preprinted]] Sta. 45-48 [[underlined]] Station 45. [[/underlined]] Mountain City, Nevada. Elko County. 1 large Carabid, 1 [[underlined]] Pantomorus [[/underlined]] weevil. [[margin]] June 30. Thurs [[/margin]] Were told that Harris Gulch beehind town and also rte.11 4mi. south had two kinds of lupine. Will investigate. Sent cards to Woodie, Mary Ann, Frizzell's, and Arnett's. [[underlined]] Station 46. [[/underlined]] Harris Gulch, 1/2 mi. e. Mountain City, Nevada. Elev. 5575 ft. Many blues, 3 Nemognathines, sample of lupine but only 2 eggs. Marked "probable host"! [[underlined]] Station 47. [[/underlined]] Speedometer [[strikethrough]] 3 [[/strikethrough]] 11874, rte.11A 10 miles s.w. from rte.43, 14 mi. from Mountain City. No lupines although everything looked right. Green Meloids, grey "Melyrids", couple of blues but not [[underlined]] icarioides [[/underlined]] [[insertion]] L. heteronea [[/insertion]]] Clerid. [[margin]] L [[/margin]] [[line]] Turned back to Mountain City for lunch at the Miners' Club. Proceeded through the Western Shoshone Indian Reservation into Idaho. (Rte. 51 Idaho). [[underlined]] Station 48. [[/underlined]] 14 mi.s. of Grasmere, Idaho. Elev. 5800 feet. Speedom. 11933. Lupine sample. A few eggs. [[line]] For about 50 miles this is the most barren desert we've seen. Low hills with slight tendency to form mesas, sandy sail, no flowers, not even sage most of the way. Passed a missile base under construction. Road not paved and very dusty. Gas at Mountain Home on US 30.
[[pre-printed]] 28 [[/pre-printed]] Decided not to go to Boise, so took US 30 east to Bliss, paralleling hills on the north that seemed to be capped with lava. A sign among the sparse sagebrush said, "Sagebrush is free, stuff your car with some." From Bliss east to Shoshone and then north. Here we crossed real lava flows, [[underlined]] very [[/underlined]] rough. Saw very saw-toothed mountains ahead and to the right, but they can't be [[underlined]] the [[/underlined]] Sawtooths. Stopped at 2nd [[insertion]] ? [[/insertion]] class motel at Hailey. [[line]] Lycaenidae from Harris Gulch, sta. 46: [[underlined]] Plebejus icarioides [[/underlined]] [[strikethrough]] 10 [[/strikethrough]] [[insertion]] 12 [[/insertion]][[2 male symbols]], [[strikethrough]] 5 [[/strikethrough]] [[insertion]] 6 [[/insertion]] [[2 female symbols]] [[underlined]] P. melissa [[/underlined]] [[2 male symbols]] [[underlined]] P. acmon [[/underlined]] [[1 male symbol 1 female symbol]] very common [[underlined]] Phaedrotes piasus [[/underlined]] [[1 male symbol 1 female symbol]] most numerous [[underlined]] Lycaena heteronea [[/underlined]] 1 [[male symbol]] [[underlined]] Philotes battoides [[/underlined]] 1 [[ male symbol]] [[underlined]] Satyrium fuliginosum [[/underlined]] 1 [[underlined]] Plebulina emigdionis [[/underlined]] 1 (? new state record) Other Lepidoptera: [[underlined]] Cercyonis [[/underlined]] sp. [[underlined]] Colias [[/underlined]] sp. [[underlined]] Euphydryas [[/underlined]] sp. (maybe 2 spp.) [[underlined]] Coenonympha [[/underlined]] sp. [[underlined]] Phyciodes [[/underlined]] sp. [[margin note, written vertically bottom to top]] 269 [[strikethrough]] 169 [[/strikethrough]] 269 mi. [[/margin]] Speedometer 12129 [[end page]] [[start page]] [[pre-printed]] 29 [[/pre-printed]] Sta. 49-51 [[left margin]] July 1. Fri. [[/margin]] Breakfast at Ketcham, entrance to Sun Valley. [[line]] [[underlined]] Station 49. [[/underlined]] 9 mi. n. Ketchum, 6300 feet, on rte. 93. [[insertion]] US 93 [[/insertion]] 5 eggs on lupine. Little flying. 1 Coccinellid and 1 Chrysidid. Lupine sample - host. [[underlined]] Station 50. [[/underlined]] South of Galena Summit on US 93. Elev. 8500 feet. Speedometer 12174. Many ^[[insertion]] (41, 10 pairs in copula) [[/insertion]] large green Lytta [[insertion]] on lupine [[/insertion]], 4 spp. blues but not common on this windswept hillside. [[margin]] L [[/margin]] 2 [[underlined]] icarioides [[/underlined]] [[strikethrough]] stalk [[/strikethrough]] eggs per 100 stalks. 3 [[underlined]] ligdamus [[/underlined]] eggs per 75 buds (mostly partly in flower). Some of the lupines almost pure white, stalks often a foot long, large open clumps. Also [[underlined]] Everes comyntas [[/underlined]] & [[underlined]] Phaedrotes [[/underlined]]. Samples of lupine of [[margin]] L [[/margin]] both white & pink flower. Seem to be same. Two large reddish Elaterids on lupine. 2 [[male symbol]] & 2 [[female symbol]] of [[underlined]] icarioides [[/underlined]], one female kept alive. [[line]] Drove over Galena Summit and down into valley along east side of Sawtooth Mts. Up to Alturas Lake and a half mile beyond. Ate picnic lunch. Speedometer 12192. [[line]] [[underlined]] Station 51. [[/underlined]] . miles w. of US 93, just above Alturas Lake. [[margin]] L [[/margin]] 4 large Tabanids. 2 [[underlined]] Aeneis [[/underlined]], 4 [[male symbol]] [[underlined]] icarioides, [[/underlined]] ^[[insertion]] (15 [[male symbol]], 3 [[female symbol]]) [[/insertion]] 2 lupines present & collected, A & B, B is hairy & John feels it is the host. He took 2 [[male symbol]] & 2 [[female symbol]] in obvious association with it. More than 50 stalks examined without any eggs. Sp. A uncommon, about 20 stalks - no eggs. [[underlined]] Brenthus (Boloria) [[/underlined]] sp. 2, [[underlined]] Plebejus sapiolus, Lycaena cupreus [[/underlined]], 1 Clerid, 1 Cerambicid, few others. (cont. over) [[margin]] L [[margin]]
30 Continued to collect down to the lodge, 4 miles, taking additional males. Several Asilids, Collected two more lupines, C in a dry pasture, D a [[underline]] very [[/underline]] low sparse plant down in the flats. [[underline]] Station 52 [[/underline]] 9 miles west of Stanley, Stanley Lake, end of road, northwest corner of Sawtooth Mts., Idaho. 6500 ft. elevation. 9 [[male symbol]] + 4 [[female symbol]] [[underline]] icarioides [[/underline]], [[underline]]L. helloides [[/underline]], 2 spp. of Cerambyrid, 1 saw fly, 3 robber flies. 115 eggs. The lupine here was very variable, sometimes being wide-leaved and pubescent,sometimes narrow and glabrous above, sometimes stalked and sometimes with leaves growing from base directly. Many Phalaenid moths flying among the flowers. They made it difficult to spot the blues. We drove through some rather fantastic country today. Sawtooth Valley is broad and long with many lateral moraines coming down out of the Sawtooth Mountains, each heavily forested with pines. The east side of the valley looks like a continuous series of landslides, but looks also like the terminal moraines of all the glaciers, with the flat central valley the result of stream erosion. The rock seems to weather quickly, but the hills that are bare have a topography that looks like no stream erosion pattern. [[end page]] [[start page]] 31 [[right corner]] Sta. 52-55 [[/right corner]] The valley is drained to the north by the Salmon River. The road goes down this canyon for 50 miles or so. This canyon alternates rough [[strike]] g [[/strike] craggy red and brown rocks-that are sometimes stratified but upturned and folded on a large scale- and the barren hillsides, rounded and hummocky. There are a few cliffs but many very large Salus slopes. [[left margin]] 169 miles [[/left margin]] The canyon bottom is narrow and winding, the stream large and swift. Rocky knobs protrude from the rounded hills and only the high peaks have fine trees, - the rest have an olive, greenish, or yellowish tinge to the brown, no sage, and apparently little other vegetation. [[left margin]] July 2. Sat. [[/left margin]] [[underline]] Station 53 [[/underline]] US 93 ?2 mi. n. of Gibbonsville, Elev. 4525 ft. Below Lost Trail. 18 [[male symbol]] + 8 [[female symbol]] of [[underline]] icarioides [[/underline]]. 1 Clerid, 4 bugs, 2 [[underline]] Agrilus [[/underline]]. 23 adults, 2 sawflies on lupine. [[underline]] Station 54 [[/underline]] US 93, 3 mi. below Lost Trail Pass. One yellow Cerembyrid on large Filiaceae heads. Also a Clerid and a [[underline]] Coenonympha [[/underline]]. [[underline]] Station 55 [[/underline]] [[strike]] 6.7 mi. n. of US 93 on Twin Lakes Road. Elev. feet. Adult icarioides [[/strike]] Darby, Montana, [[strike]] a few eggs [[/strike]] elev. feet. Lupine in marsh.
32 [[underline]] Station 56. [[/underline]] 6.7mi.n US9s on [[boxed]] Twin Lakes Road ?? [[/boxed]] [[above]][[quotations]] Lost Horse Road No.429 [[/quotations]] [[/above]] [[strikethrough]] Jale [[/strikethrough]] Elevation 4250 feet. Adult [[underline]] icarioides [[/underline]] (21 [[male symbol]] + 4 [[female symbol). [[underline]] [[?]] argyrognomon [[/underline]] [[female symbol]], [[underline]] P. sapiolus [[/underline]], [[underline]] Erebia, [[/underline]] bumblebee-mimicking robber fly. 3 female kept alive. [[strikethrough]] A [[/strikethrough]] [[underline]] Heterocera californica.[[/underline]] [[line drawn above. note]] This lupine extended 2 miles, 200 feet elevation. [[/note]] [[underline]] Station 57. [[/underline]] 2.2 mi. east (down canyon) of sat. 56. Elev. 4075 ft. Broad-leaved and very hairy silvery lupine. 2 eggs on 15 stalks. 6 adults (3 [[male symbol]] + 2 [[female symbol]]) Bumblebee and fly similar to it. Large yellow jacket [[underline]] Station 58. [[/underline]] 4.4 mi. east (down canyon) of sat. 56 or 2.2 e. of sat.57. Elev. 3900, out of canyon on [[?]] [[?]] or moraine. A large glabrous lupine. ^[[(seemed to be same as at 56.)]] Took samples and pods. No eggs, no adults. 3 [[underline]] Eleodes [[/underline]] on road. Saw a large badger, big face black and white and furry. He was digging a fresh hole. Today we followed US 93 from Challis, Idaho, on down the Salmon River Canyon to Salmon and to North Fork, where the river turns west and road turns up the North Fork of the Salmon River [[left margin]] 246 mi. [[/left margin]] At the top crossed over. Last Trail Pass ^[[into mountain]] and down into the Bitterroot Valley. Went up a side road west into the foot of the Bitterroot Mts., then on to Hamilton (Rocky Mt. Lab. of US PHS) and Missoula (Montana State University). Stopped at the Spur Motel on south side. All [[?]] filled up. [[bottom left corner]] blues, not identified - 7,8 [[/bottom left corner]] [[end page]] [[start page]] 33 [[top right corner]] Sta. 56-58 [[/top right corner]] Lycaemidae: Plebejus Icarioides - 72,73,76,78,80,83,85,86,87,88,92^[[c]],93 4,11, 13,14,17,18,21,34,^[[N]]38, 39,41,42,46,50^[[I]],51,52,53,56,57,62,63,64,66,67,68,70^[[w]],71. Melissa - 19^[[SL]],21,22,30,38^[[N]],39,41,43,46,61^[[M]],63,67,68,70,72,75,79,80,81,82,83,88,93^[[c]] scmon - 25^[[u]],46^[[n]].62^[[m]],66,70^[[w]], 70,72,73,76,84 sapiolus - 51^[[I]], 56^[[m]],60,61,68,71^[[w]],72,73,79,80,84,85,86,88,93^[[c]] argyronomon - 56^[[M]] Phaedrotes piasus - 4^[[c]], 11^[[u]], 23, 39^[[N]],46,50^[[I]],61^[[m]],63,66,67,70^[[w]] Glaucopsyche lyqdamus - 4^[[C]], 11^[[u]],24,66^[[m]],67,68,70^[[w]],71,84,85,88,92^[[c]],93 Lycaena belloids - 39^[[N]],52^[[I]],70^[[w]].92^[[c]] L.hypophloeus- 79^[[w]], 83^[[w]] cupreus - 51^[[I]], 68^[[M]] heteronea - 47^[[N]], 46, 62^[[M]],67,70^[[w]],72,80,83,87,92^[[c]] editha - 62^[[m]], 73^[[W]],80,83,86 rubidus - 76^[[w]],80 Lycaenopsis pseudarg i olus - 11^[[u]] Callipsyche behrii - 25^[[SL]] Strymon melinus - 19^[[SL]],21 calanus - 39^[[N]] titus- 39^[[N]], 62^[[M]] Plebulina emigdionis - 46^[[N]],79^[[w]] Callophrys sp. - 20^[[SL]] Satyrium fuliginosum - 39^[[N]],41,46,70^[[w]],73,78,87 [[note]] nymphel. [[/note]] (Phyciudes sp. - 20) Philotes battoides - 21^[[u]],25,29,46^[[N]],67^[[M]],70^[[W]] Everes comyntas - 21^[[u]],24,29,50^[[I]],68,79^[[W]],84, [[strikethrough]] 55 [[/strikethrough]] 85 Agriades glandon - 68^[[m]],72^[[w]],88,93^[[c]] Mitoura siva - 30^[[u]] sp. - 85^[[w]] [[end page]]
[[preprinted]] 34 preprinted]] [[pasted in - preprinted map showing Idaho between Boise and Twin Falls. Routes outlined in red pencil, with arrows showing east to west direction of travel, and blue pencil, with arrows showing south to north direction]] [[end page]] [[start page]] [[pasted in - preprinted map showing Montana between Boise and Twin Falls. Red pencil route in upper right, with arrows showing direction of travel, and blue penciled route entering state from south, and arrows showing direction of travel]]
[[preprinted]] 36 [[/preprinted]] [[margin]] July 3. Sun. [[/margin]] [[underlined]] Station 59, [[/underlined]] Lolo Pass, Bitterroot Mts., elev. 5187 feet. 1 Cicada, 1 Stratiomyid, 1 Bombyliid, several Syrphids, Carabids under stones, Amaliinae on flowering shrub 1 Clerid, 2 Chrysomelids, 2 [[underlined]] Polygonia, [[/underlined]] 2 moths, [[insertion]] black & white, [[/insertion]] 1 [[underlined]] Aglaismilberti [[/underlined]]. Only 2 or 3 lupines. [[underlined]] Station 60. [[/underlined]] 4 mi. e. of Lolo Pass, Bitterroot Mts. elevation 4200 ft. 5 [[underlined]] P. sapiolus, [[/underlined]] 1 [[underlined]] Erebia, [[/underlined]] 2 yellow [[underlined]] Colias [[/underlined]], 2 [[underlined]] Agrilus [[/underlined]]. Lupine scarce & only around wet bank. [[underlined]] Station 61. [[/underlined]] (19 mi. e. of Lolo Pass) 5 mi. n.e. Lolo Hot Springs. Elev. 3700 feet. Excellent general collecting. Cicadas, Clerids, golden Cerambycids, mayflies in alcohol. 4 eggs and many adults of [[underlined]] irariaides, piasus, sapiolus, [[/underlined]] and [[underlined]] melissa. Colias, Euphydryas, Phyriodes, Coenonympha [[/underlined]] Red Elaterid on lupine, green click beetle, green Buprestid. Lupines abundant on very steep slopes among dense pine & kinny-kinnick. [[underlined]] Station 62. [[/underlined]] US 10, 40 mi. e. of Missoula, Bearmouth, Mont. 3900 ft. evel. Few [[insertion]] 6 [[/insertion]] eggs, all on upper leaves and top side. Many lupines in open fields, [[insertion]] 11 ♂[[male symbol]] 20+ ♀[[female symbol]] [[/insertion]] [[underlined]] Strymon titus, Lycaena heteronea, P. acmon; 3 Coccinella. Lycana editha [[/underlined]]. 2 Asilids with white abdomen, 2 Myrmeleonids, 1 assassin bug. [[line]] Along the Lolo Pass Road we saw a young moose and a deer. Also a grouse family in the brush, with the mother scuttling through the grass to lead me off at right angles to the others. [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]] 37 [[/preprinted]] sta. 59-63 [[strikethrough]] Sta.63 [[/strikethrough]] [[line]] [[underlined]] Station 65. [[/underlined]] Bozeman, Mont. 1 black & white Cossid moth on street. [[line]] [[margin note]] 326 mi [[/margin note]] After the side trip to Lolo Pass, we returned to Missoula for lunch and then started for Bozeman via US10. Stopped only for sta.62 and arrived in Bozeman at 10 p.m. without supper. All motels filled, but got a ground floor hotel room with a bathtub (!) in a hotel, and a snack in a "greasy spoon". [[margin]] July 4. Mon. [[/margin]] An early start was delayed by finding 160 eggs laid overnight by live females. These had to be isolated and packed for mailing. Wrote letters to Noreen and Ruth during breakfast, then realized the P.O. would be closed. This will endanger all the eggs. [[insertion]] (Got in back door and just caught a plane.) [[/insertion]] [[underlined]] Station 63. [[/underlined]] 20 mi. s. of Bozeman, Mont. [[insertion]] Elev. 5000 ft. [[/insertion]] 2 mi. s. of ^[[insertion]] Gallatin [[/insertion]] Gateway. Open roadside pasture, much lupine, a few eggs, 12 ♂[[male symbol]], 18 ♀[[female symbol]] [[underlined]] icarioides, melissa, Phaedrotes piasus [[/underlined]]. [[strikethrough]] [[1 ♀[[female symbol]] [[/strikethrough]] kept alive. Clerid, Reduviid, Bombyliid, Coccinellids, yellow Cerambycids. [[line]] Gallatin Canyon is near the place that had the bad earthquake, flood, and landslide last year. We may be able to go up and see it. This is a very pretty pine covered V-canyon, beautifully green, with nice green flats, a roaring river, rocky cliffs occasionally. (Got a book instead, with photographs from many sources, and will send it to EB.)
[[preprinted]] 38 [[/preprinted]] [[line]] [[underlined]] Station 64. [[/underlined]] West Yellowstone, [[strikethrough]] Idaho [[/strikethrough]] Montana. 1 [[female symbol]] [[underlined]] icarioides [[/underlined]] and a Coccinellid on sidewalk center of town. (the latter in with sta.66.) [[underlined]] Station 65. [[/underlined]] See top of p. 37 [[underlined]] Station 66. [[/underlined]] 1mi. n. of West Yellowstone, Mont. [[insertion]] Elev. 6650 ft. [[/insertion]] on Rt.191. Small pines with much lupine, extremely variable on mixed species. 50 ±[[plus or minus symbol]] Eggs, [[male symbol]], [[female symbol]] [[underlined]] icarioides [[/underlined]], "Two main spp. of lupine occur here. The host plant appears to be quite variable, in flower color, hairiness, and size of leaf. Samples of some of these variations were taken, but eggs were found on all hairy varieties." 37 eggs/180 stalks. Of non-host lupine, no eggs/150 stalks examined. Other Lycaenidae: [[underlined]] Lygdamus, acmon, piasus [[/underlined]]. 2 black Meloids, 3 small brown Scarabs, 1 Chrysomelid. This was not the locality we were heading for - Red Cliff Forest Camp. We missed that one coming down, and the ranger station says it's 41 miles n. of West Yellowstone. John got many eggs at Red Cliff last year but no or few adults. At sta. 66 we got the minimum sample of adults - ( [[male symbol]] and [[female symbol]]) and at least 50 eggs, as well as 3 live females which may produce more eggs for us overnight. [[line]] [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]] 39 [[/preprinted]] Sta. 67.-67. [[margin note]] 100 mi. [[/margin]] We got a motel before going out, to be sure that they weren't all taken, but the exodus is now on and we probably needn't have worried. At 4:30 it began to rain, so we came back to town, got haircuts and the camera fixed, looked at a dozen curio shops, had the car oiled & greased, and had two chicken salads for supper. Speedom. 12971. Total eggs shipped home so far = 1040. [[margin]] July 5. Tues. [[/margin]] With the holiday over things are quieting down. The "shooting" kept us awake a while last night. Put a batch of laundry in a laundromat, so have an hour to kill and will run out to the 1959 earthquake & slide area. [[line]] [[underlined]] Station 67. [[/underlined]] Hebgen Reservoir, north side, 20 mi.n.w. of West Yellowstone. [[underlined]] Carabus [[/underlined]] on road. Many lupines and [[underlined]] many [[/underlined]] blues flying. [[underlined]] melissa, piasus, lygdamus, battoides [[/underlined]] [[female symbol]], [[insertion]] [[underlined]] icarioides ]]/underlined]] [[/insertion]], [[underlined]] Lycaena heteronea, Speyeria, Parnasius Claudius, Erebia, Coenonympha [[/underlined]]. Tachinid mimicking bumble bee, 2 Cerambycids. Eggs 12/24 5/33. Lupine sample. [[line]] The road to quake area was temporarily closed. Photographed a large rift which fell 20ft. wide 10ft. on up side, leaving gaping cracks yet. We did pass several miles of smaller "fault scarps" which also have been mostly cracks. Also one of the three large breaks in the highway, where it collapsed into Heggen Reservoir.
[[pre-printed]] 40 [[/pre-printed]] [[image - Map of Yellowstone National Park]] [[end page]] [[start page]] [[pre-printed]] 41 [[/pre-printed]] Sta. 68 [[underline]] Station 68 [[/underline]]. 3 mi. up Red [[line]] Canyon, n. of rte. 1. ^[[insertion]] El. 6975 ft. [[/insertion]] Narrow valley in pine woods, many flowers incl. lupine. Blues and other butterflies everywhere. [[underline]] Icarioides, Sapiolus, lygdamus ^[[insertion]] most common [[/insertion]], melissa, Agriades glandon, Lycaena cupreus, Everes comyntas.[[/underline]] Also [[underline]] Anthocharis sara, Euchloe ausonides, Erebia sp., Oeneis sp., Boloria sp., Pieris napi, Satyrus sp., Phyciodes sp., Speyeria, Parnassius clodius, Polygonia satyrus. [[/underline]] Only 1 [female symbol] [[underline]] icarioides [[/underline]], many [male symbol]. [[left margin]] 82 blues altogether [[/left margin]] In this same side canyon west of the main Red Canyon, we saw a grizzly bear on the hillside. Had a light band over the shoulders. He looked at us when we whistled, but there was no alarm. The high centers and rocks in the road made driving this [[underline]] very [[/underline]] low car difficult. Several very large boulders obviously came down during the quake. Upon open steep flower-covered hillsides, I thought that the open ground between the plants, due to creep, was more evident than usual. Might have been imagination. Half a mile above where we stopped, there is a large yellow gash running across an open mountain face several hundred feet above the valley. There were so many trees that we couldn't get a photo, and so many blues we didn't have time to explore. Called Red Canyon Fault Scarp. [[end page]]
[[pre-printed]] 42 [[/pre-printed]] While papering blues, a Lloyd Robinson from Marion and Mr. Odum's [[strikethrough]] & [[/strikethrough]] son from Carbondale came up to say hello. [[underline]] Station 69. [[/underline]] 2 mi. s. of Snake River South Entrance to Yellowstone National Park, Wyo. Elev. 6750 feet. Been raining. Two lupines, only one hairy - it on drier slopes with sage brush. Non-host, glabrous, common on flats under pines, white, [[strikethrough]] pink [[/strikethrough]] purple. Host on hills pinkish. Samples pressed. 3 green [[underline]] Lyttas [[/underline]] on the non-host lupine. [[strikethrough]] 6 [[/strikethrough]] 7 eggs. 4/13 stalks. Started about 3 p.m. to cross Yellowstone Park to visit one of last year's localities at the south gate. As above, too wet after a shower. Went on into Grand Teton Park, stopped at Colter's Bay on Jackson Lake. Drove down to the Marina and spotted an old friend of John, Mike Ivers, whose father ^ [[insertion]] (Jim) [[/insertion]] we had stopped to see. They have a very large cabin cruiser, but just had an accident and had the boat on a trailer ready to take to Jackson for repairs. In Yellowstone we made no stops, but saw many black bears, many foolish people feeding or teasing them. John took a cat nap and I stopped momentarily by a rangy cub, who put his feet up on the car and John woke to see the bear face in his. Also saw elk, but no moose. [[end page]] [[start page]] [[pre-printed]] 43 [[/pre-printed]] Sta. 69 [[image - map of Grand Teton Nat'l Park and environs]] [[end page]]
[[preprinted]] 44 [[/preprinted]] At Colter's Bay we went to get a cabin - $15. Ouch! So we looked at the tent houses - $5.00 with no screening but bunks with foam mattresses. We got the last one. Then went back down to watch them put the boat back in the water to adjust it on the trailer. Took only half an hour, although it had to be done with a long chain so the car could stay out of water. Had supper at the large cafeteria with the Ivers's and Mike's girl friend Norma. While the rest had a beer, Mr. Ivers and I stood outside and talked. He had been in the Sawtooth Valley in 1903, had mined in many of the mountains, and now lives on a 24 ft. cruiser - Lake Meade in winter, Jackson Lake in summer. He once hired a man who had driven a wagon from Salt Lake to Yellowstone and the Tetons in 1884, painting water colors all the way and keeping a journal, a copy of which he had given to Mr. Ivers. [[margin note]] 141 mi. [[/margin]] Ivers was until recently a member of an exclusive hunting club owning many thousands of acres of marshland around Bear River in northern Utah. The members were all millionaires - mostly multimillionaire oil executives, - Ivers said too rich for his money. But he was president of it just before he got out. The members mostly flew in in private planes, getting two days hunting per week-end. [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]] 45 [[/preprinted]] Sta. 70 - 71 [[margin]] July 6. Wed. [[/margin]] [[underlined]] Station 70. [[/underlined]] String Lake, Grand Teton National Park, Wyo. Elev. 6750 ft. Two species of lupine - the host silvery pubescent, the other glabrous. [[underlined]] Icarioides [[/underlined]] [[insertion]] 1 live [[female symbol]] [[/insertion]] but few eggs [[insertion]] (11) [[/insertion]], [[underlined]] lygdamus, piasus, Melissa, acmon, helloides, heteronea, battoides, Sat. fuliginosum, 4 cicadas, 3/50 and 2/25 eggs/stalk count, other Leps = [[underlined]] Coenonympha, Anthocharis, Satyreus, Euphydryas [[/underlined]], big brown buck moth, Parnassius clodius. [[line]] Stopped at Moran PO, all that's left of Moran, 14 mi. east of turnoff of rts. 26 & 287 [[insertion]] east [[/insertion]] and 187 & 26 south. About 15 miles farther east stopped at the Hatchet Restaurant which is quite nice and has a large attractive motel, standard gas, and store. This is called Moran, Wyo. Crossed over north of the Wind Rivers through Togwotee Pass, 9658 ft. elevation. Speedometer 13172. Saw a young elk, the first outside of the Park. About 20 miles back, saw a coyote crossing the road. Looked awfully rangy. [[line]] [[underlined]] Station 71. [[/underlined]] 3 mi. east of Togwotee Pass, elevation 8500 feet. Glabuous lupine, 1 egg only. [[underlined]] Icarioides [[/underlined]] [[male symbol]] & [[female symbol]], [[underlined]] lygdamus [[/underlined]] abundant, [[underlined]] sapiolus, Anthocharis [[/underlined]]. It was sprinkling fitfully, apparently the remnants of a shower on the west slope. Sample of the lupine, which grows very dense, is crisp and entirely glabrous. [[line]]
[[preprinted]] 46 [[/preprinted]] Coming into Rubois, there was plenty of sage but little or no lupine. Reddish & yellowish beds appeared on the northwest side, no vegetation and considerably carved. Almost badlands. The most craggy ridge of the trip was on our left as we crossed the pass, and the back side of the Wind Rivers from Dubois is rounded, drab, and forested only in spots. [[line]] [[underlined]] Station 72. [[/underlined]] 3 mi. w. of rte. 26/287, road to du Noir. [[insertion]] Elev. 7650 ft. [[/insertion]] Lupine host but not very hairy or silvery. Few eggs, [[insertion]] (11) [[/insertion]] [[underlined]] icarioides [[/underlined]] 8 [[male symbol]] 5 [[female symbol]] [[underlined]] Agriades glandon, acmon, melissa, sapiolus, L. heteronea. [[/underlined]] [[line]] [[margin note]] 195 mi. [[/margin]] Passed a lot of bad land country getting to Lander. Browns, reds, and greens. Sage sparse but dry, without lupine. The hills to the west appear to be sloping strongly away from a jagged crest, as on the south side of the Uinta Mts. It must be twenty-five miles back in to the real base of the Wind River Mts. Lander is a strange little town of a couple of thousand people, serving the Wind River [Shoshone] Indian Reservation. Has several AAA motels, a Duncan Hines hotel (Noble Hotel) with Coffee shop, five drug stores, a wide divided main street, a rodeo, and some real Indian artifacts among the trinkets. Coffee shop has interesting murals and historical objects - also Indian signs. [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]] 47 [[/preprinted]] Sta. 72-74 [[margin]] July 7. Thurs. [[/margin]] Left Lander to make a side trip into the south-east corner of the Wind River Mts. up Middle Fork. [[underlined]] Station 73. [[/underlined]] 12 mi. s.w. of Lander, Wyo. Elev. 7000 feet. Sinks road. Lupine very old, few eggs. Adults plentiful on dusty road. [[underlined]] Icarioides, sapiolus, acmon, L. editha, satyr. fulig, L. heteronea. [[/underlined]] 9 cicadas, dark [[underlined]] Cicindela, [[/underlined]] 1 Clerid, 1 Telephorid. Egg count 1/33. Seeds collected. [[line]] Northeast from Lander to Riverton, then past a fairly new reservoir in the badlands south of a range of hills made of tilted beds. Found that the Wind River runs out through these hills in a sharp rocky canyon. [[line]] [[underlined]] Station 74. [[/underlined]] 6 mi. s. Thermopolis, Wyo. Elev. 4400 feet. Cerambycid on milkwood, a Megachilid, a [[underlined]] Speyeria. [[/underlined]] [[line]] This is at the point called Wedding of the Waters, where the Wind River and the Big Horn meet, or rather the stream is called the Big Horn after it leaves the Wind River Canyon. We've been following rte. 789 from Lander and US 20 from Shosoni, and will turn east on US 16 at Worland.
[[pre-printed]] 48 [[/pre-printed]] [[underline]] Station 75. [[/underline]] Ten Sleep Canyon, Elev. 6300 feet, 10 mi. e of Ten Sleep, Wyo. Glabrous lupine very scarce but found 5 eggs out of 55 stalks examined. No adults of [[underline]] icarioides [[/underline]] in spite of eggs. 2 [[underline]] melissa [[/underline]], [[underline]] Polygonia [[/underline]], [[underline]] Pieris bequaerti [[/underline]], [[underline]] Satyrus [[/underline]], [[underline]] Phyciodes [[/underline]], 2 black-and-white moths. 1 Cerambycid (small), red thorax Meloid, Telephorids, small black Coccinellids ^[[insertion]] on thistle [[/insertion]], Asilids, 2 Cicadas, small tree hopper & Otitids (or Ortalids) flies on thistle. [[strikethrough]] St [[/strikethrough]] Went back down the old road for 5 1/2 miles; it is on the other side of the canyon (south or east) and is in good repair. Saw only one or two lupines. [[underline]] Station 76. [[/underline]] 2 mi. above sta. 75. Elev. 7725 feet. Lupine abundant, but there was rain here within the hour and only 3 blues [[strikethrough]] t [[/strikethrough]] were seen, - 1 [[underline]] icarioides [[/underline]], 1 [[underline]] acinon [[/underline]],[[underline]] Lycaena rubidus [[/underline]]. 1 [[underline]] Speyeria [[/underline]], 3 [[underline]] Corydalis [[/underline]], and a black larva under a bobcat skin. Lupine sampled. [[left margin]] 257 mi. [[/left margin]] Today we saw buffalo (bison) near Worland, and a fearless doe in Ten Sleep Canyon. No pronghorns. Continued on over the pass, 9,666 feet, and found lupine in prime condition in [[underline]] great [[/underline]] profusion under pines. It continued thus for about 15 miles. Then occasional lupine, perhaps of one or more other varieties, right down into the flat at Buffalo, Wyo. Town of 2600, at 4600 elev. Stopped at Mountain View Motel (cabins) AAA. In the evening we made the rounds of the [[end page]] [[start page]] [[pre-printed]] 49 [[/pre-printed]] Sta. 75-76 [[image - Map of area described in Wyoming with red line tracing route taken]]
[[preprinted]] 50 [[/preprinted]] bright lights, literally, to see what insects were flying. The only good place was a white Dairy Queen next door to the motel, where - [[line]] [[underlined]] Station 77. [[/underlined]] Buffalo, Wyo. 4600 feet elecation. At lights, 1 large black-and-white moth, an [[underlined]] Ergates, [[/underlined]] 1 [[underlined]] Polyphylla, [[/underlined]] 3 [[underlined]] Trox, [[/underlined]] many Trichoptera, and 2 Ephemeroptera, 1 Meloid - black [[underlined]] Epicanta [[/underlined]]. [[line]] [[margin]] July 8. Fri. [[/margin]] Up early, card to Ruth at breakfast, book partly full of S&H green stamps to John's mother, then on the road at 7:30 for quick trip back into the Big horn. [[line]] [[underlined]] Station 78. [[/underlined]] Clear Creek Canyon, [[insertion]] elev. 6300 ft. [[/insertion]] 9 mi. w. of Buffalo, Wyo. Lupine along road only. 1 egg. [[underlined]] 3 icarioides, melissa, [[underlined]] [[female symbol]] [[underlined]] fuliginosum [[underlined]] kept alive, also 1 icarioides [[female symbol]], 1 [[underlined]] Speyeria, [[/underlined]] Cerambycids, black Meloids. [[underlined]] Station 79. [[/underlined]] Elev. 7150 in same canyon. [[insertion]] 14 mi. up [[/insertion]] Many blues especially [[underlined]] melissa, E.comyntas, Lycaena hypophloeus, (No icaroiodes), sapiolus, P. a[[insertion]] c [[/insertion]] my[[insertion]] I [[/insertion]] gdionis. [[/underlined]] No lupine sample. [[underlined]] Station 80. [[/underlined]] 20 mi. w. of Buffalo, same canyon, elev. 7700 ft. A standard sample of [[underlined]] icarioides [[/underlined]] [[insertion]] 12 [[male symbol]] 4 [[female symbol]] [[/insertion]] but we had to struggle to get it. No eggs. Many small Cerambycids, 2 [[underlined]] Cicindela, [[/underlined]] 2 Clerids, 1 [[underlined]] Agrilus [[/underlined]], 1 yellow & black Cerambycid, a Hymenop. +. 1 [[female symbol]] [[underlined]] icarioides [[/underlined]] kept alive. Also 12 [[underlined]] editha [[/underlined]]. [[underlined]] L. rubidus, L. heteronea, sapiolus, melissa. Erebia, Speyeria [[/underlined]] sp., [[underlined]] Papilio [[/underlined]]. [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]] 51 [[/preprinted]] Sta. 77-81 [[underlined]] Station 81. [[/underlined]] 4 mi. n. of Mayoworth, Wyo. 11 mi. w. of US 87. Elev. 5650. [[insertion]] ft. [[/insertion]] Sagebrush hills one mile out from ^[[insertion] s.e. [[/insertion]] spur of Big Horn Mts. (southern section). Few lupine on southeast slopes & gullies. No eggs, no icarioides; 1 [[female symbol]] [[underlined]] melissa [[/underlined]], 6 black [[underlined]] Cercyonis [[/underlined]]. Lupine sample & pods collected. 2 Carabids on ground. 0/50 stalks. [[line]] On the back of one of the hogbacks at 5675 feet on the western branch of the road, and a side [[strikethrough]] t [[/strikethrough]] road into the red beds, crossed a hill of slate-like but cherty beds, all broken off in flat pieces. No fossils. Where this road meets the end of an oiled road, there's another gravel road turning west. After half a mile or so this swings back to the northwest, evidently heading up the valley between the spur and another section of the Big Horn. Just as the red beds appear, there is a road keeping due west. It passes over the slaty beds described above, over the escarpment of the red beds, across a valley, and up a ridge by means of 22 switchbacks. We probably didn't get near the top, very steep and very rough. Canyons on each side of the ridge; pine trees; no lupine. Beautiful view each over hogbacks. The red beds "evidently" underlie the northern section of the mountains and "overlie" the southern. They were also seen at the west entrance to Ten Sleep Canyon.
[[pre-printed]] 52 [[/pre-printed]] [[underline]] Station 82. [[/underline]] 10 mi. w. of Mayoworth, Wyo. Elev. 6850 ft. [[underline]] Melissa [[/underline]], 1 gray [[underline]] Epicanta [[/underline]], ^ [[insertion]] green [[/insertion]] dragonfly, black-and-red Meloid, horsefly, Hymenopt, Atitid. At Midwest, down US 87, we came upon an extensive active oil field, and just south of this passed Teapot Dome and Teapot Rock. [[margin]] 320 mi [[/margin]] Shortly thereafter we entered a region of sharp craggy hills sticking out of prairie. They look like intrusive blocks left by erosion. In the south background were more extensive mountains. Caspar is on the North Platte River on the north flank of an east-west ^ [[insertion]] Casper Mts. [[/insertion]] range of hills. It has poorer road signs than any town we've seen. It's not on any tourist route, but it's a small city. Southwest of Casper we passed Independence Rock, which is a very large exfoliated dome, apparently granitic (sign says feldspar and mica) with the "foliae" 12-15 inches thick. It is now fenced off, with several historical plaques. The mormons came by here, and many others in the early days. Nearby is Devils Gap, a short cut made by the river. After a region of rolling badlands, we came through a low pass between the Ferris Mts. and the Green Mts. (to west). On the south face of Ferris Mts., just outside of Whiskey Gap, [[end page]] [[start page]] [[pre-printed]] 53 [[/pre-printed]] Sta. 82. [[image - section of map of Wyoming with route taken described in text marked in blue]] were a row of hogbacks, very steep, over 45 [[degree symbol]] I think, with the south slope composed of a smooth surface all in one plane. This surface is cut up into square blocks like pavement. John took two photos. Many pronghorns along here. In Rawlins stopped at AA Motel on 9th St. n. of US 30. Had supper & breakfast at Adams Restaurant; very nice but also very popular & therefore not quick. [[end page]]
[[preprinted]] 54 [[/preprinted]] [[margin]] July 9. Sat. [[/margin]] Post Office open at 9 a.m. Letters from Ruth, EB, and Noreen. [[line]] [[underlined]]Station 83.[[/underlined]] [[strikethrough]] 5 [[/strikethrough]] [[insertion]] 10 [[/insertion]] mi. [[strikethrough]] w [[/strikethrough]] east of Rte. 130 [[strikethrough]] at[[/strikethrough]] [[insertion]] s. of [[/insertion]] Saratoga. El. 7900 ft. Three lupines, A, B, C. C has [[underlined]] very [[/underlined]] broad leaf, had eggs on 3/6 stalks (Downey thinks B narrow is same as C). 0/25 REB on B, JCD found eggs [[insertion]] 2/33 [[/insertion]] on [[insertion]] A & [[/insertion]] B. 2 [[underlined]] icarioides [[/underlined]] [[male symbol]], [[underlined]] heteronea, L. hypophylloeus, [[/underlined]] [[insertion]] & editha [[/insertion]] [[underlined]] melissa. Coliasaexandra [[/underlined]] , [[male symbol]] Cerambs, bee fly etc [[underlined]] Station 84. [[/underlined]] 2 mi. above sta. 83. A damp roadway. 8050 ft. 3 more [[underlined]] Colias, [[/underlined]] 2 [[underlined]] Cicindela, lygdamus, comyntas, sapiolus, [[/underlined]] many flies, beetles, Strationyids, Chrysidids, Coecinellids, Meloids, [+ Raphidoidea, Cicada, [[underlined]] acmon, Coenonympha. [[/underlined]] [[insertion]] satyridae [[/insertion]] [[underlined]] Station 85. [[/underlined]] 4 mi. above sta. 83. Along road in pines. Elev. 8400 ft. Lupines look similar to C of sta. 83. Hoverflies, deer flies, Asilids, Clerids, Cerambcids, etc., etc. [[underlined]] Sapiolus, comyntas, icaroiodes [[/underlined]] [[insertion]] 1 [[male symbol]] [[/insertion]] 1 [[female symbol]] [[insertion]] kept [[/insertion]] alive [[underlined]] lygdamus, Mitoura [[/underlined]] sp.? [[pencil mark in margin]] In this 500 ft. range of elevation, from open sage brush flat up into dense pine woods, the lupines seem to be the same - the [[strikethrough]] ba [[/strikethrough]] broad leaved sp. C. [[underlined]] Icarioides [[/underlined]] occurs in the pine area but very sparsely. We'll try the sage flat again, where all the "indicators" are present: Balsamrhiza (mules' ears), Castilleja, Eriogonum, sage, Penstamon. [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]] 55 [[/preprinted]] Sta. 83-89 [[underlined]] Station 86. [[/underlined]] 4 mi. e. of rte 130 s. of Saratoga. Elev. 7600 ft. 5 [[male symbol]] 1 [[female symbol]] alive. 3 eggs/12 stalks. [[underlined]] Editha, sapiolus. [[/underlined]] [[underlined]] Station 87. [[/underlined]] 9 mi. w. of Riverside and Encampment. Sierra Madre Mts. 8700 ft. Satyr. fuliginorum 1 small icarioides [[male symbol]], heteronea, 3 Cicadas, ant lion, 1 Cerambycid, 8-10 green [[underlined]] Lytta, [[/underlined]] Elaterid. [[underlined]] Basilarchia wiedemeieri [[underlined]] [[underlined]] Station 88. [[underlined]] Top of pass s.e. of Bridger Peak, [[insertion]] above Battle Lake [[/insertion]] elev. 9916 ft. Lupine rank in large fields exposed on west slope. Stiff breeze and low temperature at about 5 o'clock. Pass above [[insertion]] (east) [[/insertion]] Battle Lake. Blues were not flying at first but could be clearly seen resting on the lupine flowers. They could be picked off by hand, or observed so closely as to be positively identified. This pass is 15 mi. from Encampment and 26 mi from Slater, Colo., which is also 15 mi. from Baggs [[insertion]] Wyo [[/insertion]] and Wyo rte 289 (Colo. rte. 13). [[line]] [[margin]] to p. 57 [[/margin]] [[margin, extended }]] [[underlined]] Station 89. [[/underlined]] Edge of Medicine Bow National Forest, 10 mi. e. of Savery, Wyo. S.W. corner of Sierra Madre Mts. Elev. 7500 ft. Lupine and sage flats, lupine variable. No blues. 12+ eggs. 5/22 stalks on a hairy variety. Found a dead [[underlined]] Pieris protodice. [[/underlined]] 1 [[strikethrough]] b [[/strikethrough]] cluster of Hymenop parasites. [[/margin, extended }]] [[line]] In 88, [[underlined]] icarioides, lygdamus, P. sapiolus, P. melissa, Agriades glandon. [[/underlined]] Colias, [[underlined]] Hecla, Oeneis, Speyeria, Parnassius clodius & smintheus. [[/underlined]] No misc. insects except 3 sawflies. See also Sta. 91, p.58. [[line]]
56 The Sierra Madres brought back few memories from my 1925 visit (35 years ago) The pass is at least a mile from Bridger Peak, with no sign of a road or even trail over to it. Couldn't see whether there was a fire lookout on top. Didn't see the old aerial tramway that ran southward across a rocky valley. The mountains can't be seen much from the northeast, but they must be more prominent from the south. They give a grand view of the mountains in northern Colorado, exaggerating their size. Just over the pass, facing a little south of west, a steep slope leads several thousand feet into a beautiful green valley, park, with a [[strike]] li [[/strike]] lake several small moraines, large meadows, and some roads. The only road that could have led to it was unmarked but was only five miles or so below the pass. This is one of the most attractive spots we've seen on the whole trip. [[left margin]] July 10. Sun. [[/left margin]] Drove up to the Pass again, it drizzled just as we reached it, then the sun came out slowly. Took about 20 [[underline]] icarioides [[/underline]] before the wind rose about 1 p.m. Same as sta. 88. [[end page]] [[start page]] 57 The lupine collected on the pass yesterday and marked "non-host" is the host for Glancopsyche, which JCD watched ovipositing on the buds. Today took samples of the non-blooming variety of lupine, which is in large beds separate from the fields of blooming ones and also scattered among them. I walked around a small hill at the pass and found the road that goes up Bridger Peak, 4 miles. It also goes to some ranch 14 miles. Other branches go to Battle Cemetary, etc. Looks navigable. On the way down (west again) we turned off three miles below the pass on the "road" that goes down into the valley. It was a mistake with this car, although apparently quite a few cars do go down. We barely made it back out. A pick-up truck with standard transmission would have little trouble. [[underline]] Station 89 [[/underline]] Put by mistake on p. 55. e. of Savery, Wyo. [[underline]] Station 90. [[/underline]] 4 mi. e. of Baggs, Wyo. on road to Dinon. Lupine along road cut, in sagebrush. 1 egg + 1 hatched. 1 1st instar larvae. 1 Eleodes, 1 Carabid. Lupine samples In Rifle, we stopped at the Kozy Kottage Kourt, and got a nice large cabin with twin double beds for $6.00.
58 [[underline]] Station 91 [[/underline]]. Battle Lake, Wyo. Sierra Madre Mts. down in valley below the pass. (Belongs on p. 55) We came through very interesting country today south of Craig, Colo. Mostly down narrow valleys between upended strata striking north & south. Everything covered with green vegetation, the hills with scrubby cedar and an occasional small patch of pines. The valleys mostly cultivated and obviously well-watered. Several of the hills to the southwest had very even and straight ridges sloping down to the north. Looked like rift valleys but were probably erosion behind hogbacks. Took one photo just as the sun set, showing the ridges trimmed with sunlight and the rest dark. Lupine occurred occasionally in isolated clumps over much of this route. It had rained in the mid-afternoon, so there was no use stopping for blues or even eggs. John phoned Noreen and got a report from Woodie: 1350 eggs received, 155 living larvae (hatched), 356 hatched en route, 300 parasites emerged (115 from Harrison Pass), 70 lupines planted. [[end page]] [[start page]] 59 [[map]] [[right margin, midway down page]] Carbondale, Colo.
[[preprinted]] 60 [[/preprinted]] [[margin]] July 11. Mon. [[/margin]] Stopped at Carbondale, Colo., to see the Crystal River Rearing Unit (fish hatchery). It consists of 10 parallel (sluices) [[insertion]] raceways [[/insertion]] 800 feet long, six feet wide, 18 inches deep, divided into 8 100-foot sections. No connection between the channels. Water from springs, [[underlined]] not [[/underlined]] reused. Fingerlings 3 or 4 inches long come from Rifle Hatchery and spend about a year and reach 8 to 10 inches averaging 4 or 5 to a pound. Four species present but plant mostly rainbow, ^[[insertion]] Loch Leven [[/insertion]] native spawners, brook, albino brook. 4 men & supervisor. Water temperature about 52°[[degree symbol]] year round. Open through winter by pumping from Crystal River. Planted 35 ton in 1959, 28-30 ton this year. Feed beef spleen, smaller ones beef liver once a week, other days prepared pellets. Sorting hose with screen on bottom [[insertion]] 27 x 24 [[/insertion]] to sort them by hand over the walls into adjacent [[strikethrough]] sluices [[/strikethrough]] raceways. If too heavy in one use seine to transfer. Spawn from here is all taken to Glenwood Springs hatching unit. Rifle Hatchery, 16 men, 100+ tons of fish planted four times as large as this one. Set-up much the same as here. Photos taken. "Better put it ^ [[insertion]] off [[/insertion]] till tomorrow, we've loused up enough today." [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]] 61 [[/preprinted]] [[line]] [[underlined]] Station 92. [[/underlined]] 2 mi. n.w. of Aspen, Colo. Elev. 7625 feet. 2 p.m. bright sun. Lupines sparse in heavy sage. Eggs and adult [[underlined]] icarioides [[/underlined]] 6 [[female symbol]] [[insertion]] (2 alive) [[/insertion]] & 10 [[male symbol]], [[underlined]] lygdamus, [[/underlined]] L. heteronea, [[underlined]] L. helloides [[/underlined]] [[underlined]] Pieris protodice, [[strikethrough]] S [[/strikethrough]] Coenonympha, Satyrus, Zonitis sayi, [[/underlined]] Mordellids, Vespids, Megachilid, yellow & black Cerambycid, 1 small Staphylinid flying. Lupine collected, also seeds. [[line]] The Aspen ski slopes are visible from here. One entire mountain slope has been cleared and stands stark in the summer. Saw no lupine up the pass [[strikethrough]] , [[/strikethrough]] (to 12095 feet) or down to Irwin Lakes Lodge, although the spruce replaced the aspen. Scenery was fine, much glaciation, rocky peaks above timberline, roaring streams. At the lodge we stopped for coffee and asked the waitress if there was any of the blue flower called lupine around. She said there had been and we looked out the window behind the car and saw a dozen masses of it! None down the road for two miles. Only scattered small patches of it on the Leadville road. All motels in Leadville were either full or had doubled their rates, so we went to the Vendome Hotel. Had little to mount, so we postponed it and went to a movie.
[preprinted]] 62 [[/preprinted]] So much topography has flashed before us and been replaced by more the next minute that it's been impossible even to note most of it. Today several large snow slides where trees were down and piles of snow still survived because of the great mixture of mud, leaves and rubble. Yesterday a long sloping ridge near Rio Blanco, which exactly paralleled the edge of the plateau, - looked like a rift valley but probably was more of a hog-back. The photo should show several parallel ridges in the background. Glaciated valleys with hanging side valleys and moraines, especially in Battle Lake Valley in the Sierra Madres. Valleys cut off by a lateral moraine which was later channeled by the side stream [[strikethrough]] of a [[/strikethrough]] out of line with its original position. Mesas, buttes, hog backs, cliffs formed by harder beds on top or tilted. The irregular erosion of soft material, often greenish or red, by water or solution on steep slopes. The badlands [[strikethrough]] es [[/strikethrough]] southwest of the Big Horns and the red hogbacks southeast of them. Landslides of some years age, where the scar was too steep for vegetation, which completely covers the irregular mound below. [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]] 63 [[/preprinted]] [[preprinted map pasted on page - shows part of state of Colorado (area of Colorado Springs) and a West to East route indicated by a blue line and blue arrows]]
[[preprinted]] 64 [[/preprinted]] Valleys formed along the strike of the upended beds. Valleys or canyons cutting across the strike of upended beds, as the Wind River carry on between Shoshoni and Thermopolis, Wyo. Valleys between fault-block ranges, as Ruby Valley, Nev. Mountains that were elevated fault blocks, like the Rubies. Hills that were old lava flows left high by erosion, [[strikethrough]] Moun [[/strikethrough]] as in southern Idaho. Mountains of basalt left by erosion of the surrounding beds, as [[insertion]] ? [[/insertion]] north of Caspar, Wyo. Mountains formed by the broken and upended beds where the intrusion has collapsed or at least disappeared, as somewhere in central Wyoming. Mountains that have hogbacks only one side or on both. Tremendous talus slopes, and the small areas of less than an acre where the angular blocks average 18" on a side, such as passed on the road below Bridger Peak in the Sierra Madres and on the road above Aspen, Colorado. Steep smooth slopes formed [[strikethrough]] by a [[/strikethrough]] along a bedding plane, as just south of Muddy Gap between the Ferris and Green Mountains. Wind erosion very difficult to distinguish from solution erosion. The bad lands may have some of this, although the source of sand was not evident. [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]] 65 [[/preprinted]] Desert pavement was noted in the areas of badlands southeast of Ten Sleep, Wyoming. As we were generally looking for sagebrush country, we seldom stopped where the desert pavement would be seen. Sand dunes were not seen on a large scale. A long valley through tan and greenish apparently unconsolidated materials was that of the Salmon River north of the Sawtooth Valley in Idaho. Surface lava flows such as in southern Idaho between Mountain Home and Ketchum. A rounded exfoliating "granitic" dome a quarter mile across and almost hemi-spherical called Independence Rock east of Casper. Many other sorts of outliers and erosion remnants. Teapot Rock near Teapot Dome, as a carved remnant. Jagged ridges apparently caused by cirques on both sides, as in the Sawtooth Mts., or by other erosion. Narrow box canyons were seen in the southeastern Big Horns, above the red hogbacks. These were very steep. More normal ones occur in the lava bed country of Idaho. Rocky canyons (cliffs), talus canyons, flat-bottomed canyons. [[end page]]
[[preprinted]] 66 July 12 Tues. [[underlined]] Station 93 [[/underlined]] 2 mi. [[strikethrough]] n [[/strikethrough]]east of Teadville, Colo. (7th Street)In cloudy weather, found a few eggs on leaves and quite a few on buds. Ako stems, flowers. Sun came out about 9:30 a.m. and immediately blues were flying. In less than an hour took at least 20 [[underlined]] icarioides[[/underlined including live females,[[underlined]] melissa lygdamus, glandon, sapiolus. Parnassius sminthius, Boloria,Erebia, Oeneis.[[/underlined. About ten c'clock the clouds covered over again, and we called it enough. The lupine variable. One purple all over. Some white.Eleratio 10400 ft. John [[strikethrough]]? [[/strikethrough]] broke the frame of his net, so we'll have to find a machine shop.(The third frame we have just isn't usable because the skiff net can't be removed.) The break was caused by the necessity of slamming the net down over specimens, as they had a way of escaping otherwise. With mail for both of us came a telegram from Woody that he was running out of lupine to feed [[insertion]] to [[/insertion]] the newly hatched larvae. John agreed to Airmail some, but on figuring times, it seemed likely that [[strikethrough]]? [[/strikethrough]] no parcel could be delivered before Thursday, and we [[underlined]] could [[/underlined]] be home by Thursday ourselves without cutting the trip short particularly. [[end page]] [[start page]] preprinted 67 so we picked up 15 1-gallon jars from the hotel kitchen, counted up four plastic bags and an ice chest, and figured we could get [[underlined]] some [[/underlined]] lupine through in as good condition as the Airmai. Left Teadville at 11 a.m. to go out through Colorado Springs. After we went over the first pass, began to watch for lupine, although it was raining most of the time. Found one spot in the South Platt valley and filled five jars. From then on saw none at all. By ten miles up the canyon from Colorado Springs we were worried that we wouldn't find any more at all. Then in a roadcut one bunch appeared, and it turned out to be a dozen bunches there and more along an old road. Filled the ice chest and two more jars. From then on saw none. Got 10 labs of cracked ice at Manitou. Decided to follow HS 28 So. US 0. We phoned F Martin Brown from Manitou, but were told that he is in Ouray and won't be back for a week. At Limon I let John drive, as a special favor, so it's his driving that is responsible for the wobbly writing.
[[preprinted]] 68 [[/preprinted]] "Variation and evolution in Plebejus icarioides." This is the title of John's project and NSF grant. This species was described in 1852 by Boisduval, from one specimen from "California." Since then 24 names have been applied to this species or to portions of it. Early work by Barnes & McDunnough and by Hovanitz have straightened out some of the synonymy and are the basis for the 13 subspecies commonly retained. John's original interest (Master's thesis at Utah) was an attempt to verify the validity of the subspecies and to determine the characters of taxonomic importance. It included all available material, - not very much. Distribution in western N.A.: seacoast to 10,000+ feet in Calif., Utah, Colorado, north to Skagway and Lake Louise, south to Orizaba in Mexico. Mostly in Canadian and Transition zones. The morphological approach, was further extended and used for Ph.D. thesis at Davis. The genetic approach was limited [[strikethrough]] due [[/strikethrough]] by lack of knowledge of breeding, habits, etc. The basic approach was a statistical comparison of structures, both in and between populations. Parameters of structural variation were plotted, for over 100 different populations, throughout the range of the species. [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]] 69 [[/preprinted]] Both museum and field-collected material was included. As a result of this analysis of the 100 populations, he had some idea of the range of variation [[strikethrough]] fo [[/strikethrough]] of each of the characters studied - some 25 or so, and which were genetically and which environmentally influenced. Information on life history and rearing techniques became adequate to check these results in laboratory, which is the current problem. The present study is to include comparisons of populations from many parts of the range all taken the same year (first year) and comparison of newly collected populations from the sites of the original 100 populations. Also to [[strikethrough]] study [[/strikethrough]] compare populations by rearing [[strikethrough]] fr [[/strikethrough]] in the laboratory under identical conditions the eggs collected in the field. Other data obtained includes host specificity, parasitism, onset and termination of larval diapause, ant associations. [[underlined]] Plebejus [[/underlined]] is one of 750 generic names in the Lycaenidae. Many others show the same range of variation. Some 3 score of these belong in subfamily Plebejinae. About 100 Holarctic Plebejinae (sp. & subsp.).
[[preprinted]] 70 [[/preprinted]] All the "blues" are Lycaenidae, but not all the Lycaenidae are blue in color. With the collaboration of Ehrlich and Ulrich, john is working on a generic monograph of the Lycaenidae. This year the problem of marking specimens in the field failed to work out, but several new areas were collected [[insertion - two papers with handwritten lists, pasted in side by side]] [[paper on left]] Ketchum. 12131 Gas 12143 Sta. 49 12134 Sta. 50 Galena El. 8500ft 12174 [[line across page]] Lunch 12192 [[line across page]] Challis, Ida. 12300 approx. Station 53 - 12389 approx. Summit. - 413 Lost Horse Road & 93 - 455.0 Sta 56 461.7 Stat. 57 - - - 63,9 12300 12131 ----- 169 [[/paper on left]] [[paper on right]] Sun. Missoula 12546 Lolo 558 Top of pass 592 1 mi [[strikethrough]] above [[/strikethrough]] [[insertion]] n. of [[/insertion]] Lolo 626 Gas 12636 Bearmouth (62) 12865 Boseman - 12872 Sta. 63. 12892 5,000' [[line across page]] W.Yellowstone 12967.0 Sta. 66. 968.8 end 12971 [[line across page]] 12546 12300 ----- 246 [[right margin, written sideways]] 12872 12546 ----- 326 [[/right margin]] [[/paper on right]] [[/insertion]] [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]] 71 [[/preprinted]] [[line]] [[underlined]] Station 94. [[/underlined]] 5 mi. n. of Ute Pass, Colo. [[insertion]] Elev. 7550 ft. [[/insertion]] in the South Platte Valley. On banks still soaking form snow. Collected lupines in the rain for use in rearing in Carbondale. Eggs were seen. [[underlined]] Station 95. [[/underlined]] 2mi. w. of Cascade, Colo., just west of Colorado Springs. lupines collected for rearing. Eggs ? seen. [[underlined]] Station 96. [[underlined]] 25 mi. east of Colorado Springs, Colo. on highway US 24. Lupines collected for rearing. Eggs not seen. [[margin]] VII-13-60 Wed. [[/margin]] [[underlined]] Station 97. [[underlined]] Ellsworth, Kansas. 1 smooth black [[underlined]] Calosoma [[/underlined]] [[insertion]] (?) [[/insertion]] on sidewalk. [[line]] [[insertion - two papers with handwritten lists, pasted in side by side]] [[paper on left]] W Yello. 12972 Turn off 12976 Sta. 67 12993 [[line across page]] W Yell. Gas 13020 [[strikethrough]] Sfo [[/strikethrough]] Sv. Entr. [[strikethrough]] 1391 [[/strikethrough]] 13091 Sta. 69. 13093 [[line across page]] Coulter Bay 13113 Sta. 70 128 Gas Stop - Lodge - 13136 Togwotee Pass 172 Sta. 71 175 Du Bois - North - 03.0 Sawmill 12. Su Bois South 227 [[/paper on left]] [[paper on right]] Lander 13308 Collecting site 13320 Lander - east 13331 Riverton - gas 357 Sta. 74 409 Ten Sleep City - 500.0 main road - - - - 506 76 (7725) 507 Pass 521 most lupine - 535 Buffalo 560 13565 308 ------ 257 [[/paper on right]] [[/insertion]]
[[NOTE: Page consists of four pieces of notepaper]] [[preprinted]] 72 [[/preprinted]] [[First notepaper:]] Buff. 13567 Sta 79 587 Buff-south 611 Mayoworth Road 642.0 Top-road above Mayworth 659.6 6850' 61.6 22 switchbacks in 2 mi 13881 567 [[line]] 320 Rawlins - east → 13890 Lupine Elev. 5200' to Pictures Ferris Mtns at Whiskey Gap (East of [[?]]) [[Second notepaper:]] Saratoga turnoff 13[[strikethrough]] [[?]] [[strikethrough]] 913 [[strikethrough]] [[?]] [[strikethrough]] 935 [[?]] 945 Sta. 955 Med. Bows, highest - 959.5 130/230 13975 [[line]] [[strikethrough]] Sta. [[strikethrough]] Riverside 13985 Sta 87 - 8700' 994 Top of pass 14001.2 [[line]] Boggs 14050 [[?]] 99 Sta. 90 _________________ 142 Boggs So. → 48 [[Third notepaper:]] Leadville 14437 Sta 93 14441 Leadville out 14445 Colo Spr. 3pm 14575 Limon 658 14898 [[line]] 960 320 [[line]] 640 460 WaKeeney, Kansas 14900.0 7 - 8 45 985 8 - 9 45 990 9 - 10 35 15025 10 - 11 55 15080 11 - 12 75 15155 12 - 1 8 (start 1:15) 63 1 - 2 42 05 2 - 3 45 15250 3 - 4 55 4 - 5 45 _________ 350 [[Fourth notepaper:]] Rifle 14288 Snowmass 14354 Sta. 92 365 Pass 14390 Twin Lakes 14412 Intersection ________ So. of Leadville 425 [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]] 73 [[/preprinted]] [[margin]] Aug. 27 Sat. [[margin]] Carbondale to St. Louis. Picked up 1960 Chevy (Turquoise) from Hertz. Met EB at Congress Hotel, drove over to Paul Blackwelder's for a few minutes, then out on US 40 intending to go a few miles. About 4 p.m. Finally stopped in Higginsville, MO. on rte. 13, 226 mi. [[margin]] Aug. 23 Sun. [[margin]] Route 13-24-71 So St. Joseph. Then 36 to Aberlin, Kans. Rte. 83 to North Platte and US 30 to Ogallala, Neb. For the last 30 miles into North Platte we passed through country of grass-covered hillocks, too big for pimple mounds; proved to be old sand dunes, Lake Pleistocene which cover large areas of w. Nebraska. Took two photos (one I interfered with the shutter). The sun was very low and threw good shad[[strikethrough]]d[[/strikethrough]]ows. Some nice shallow erosion areas just south of this, showing two stages of erosion. (No photo.) 569 mi. [[margin]] Aug. 29 Mon.[[margin]] US 26 Ogalalla to Caspar, Wyo., then US 87 to Buffalo, with side trip to Mayoworth & beyond. (Mt View Motel again) 465 mi. Followed the North Platte River all morning but without seeing much of it. Saw bluffs in the distance and crossed them near Scottsbluff. Rolling prairies to Caspar, with one large oil field. Many of the ridges to south formed by Silted beds. Passed Teapot Rock and other erosion remnants. Photos. As we neared Kaycee, had good view of the hogbacks along southern section of the BigHorns. Turned off at Kaycee to Mayoworth and on dirt road through the hogbacks, same as July 8. Photos. [[end page]]
[[pre-printed]] 74 [[/pre-printed]] [[left margin]] Aug. 30 Tues. [[/left margin]] From Buffalo via US 16 over southern end of Big Horns to Ten Sleep and Worland, ^ [[insertion]] US 20 [[/insertion]] to Greybull, Cody, & West Yellowstone. The main range is visible only as you start up the road, as one soon turns south through park areas where there are no views. This is mostly stream and mud flow gravels, few outcrops. Only at the top of the pass, 9666 ft. do the pre-Cambrian gneisses crop [[strikethrough]] in [[/strikethrough]] out in large jointed masses. The gravels were probably derived from glacial gravels above. In the Ten Sleep Canyon, there are high cliff of massive Mississippian limestone (dolomite), chert, sandstone, shale, intermined. The only glaciation was in the upper Ten Sleep valley, running south, with the end probably where the canyon starts - to west. [[end page]] [[start page]] [[pre-printed]] 75 [[/pre-printed]] Just west of Ten Sleep, across the red valley from the mouth of the canyon, a bright red cliff with nearly horizontal beds, Triassic Chugwater, gives way very suddenly (horizontally) to the variegated gray-green Morrison (upper Jurassic). Must be a sharp fault or overturn, followed by a sharp valley. This is just to the [[strikethrough]] left of [[/strikethrough]] right of the road - Morrison on left. Farther to the left there is a [[strikethrough]] s [[/strikethrough]] resistant bed showing occasionally in the cliffs, forming [[strikethrough]] tr [[/strikethrough]] ledges with triangular caves beneath. Photo of these ledges. The Morrison gives way to Cretaceous and these to Eocene. All gently dipping west, all fine-grained shales. No gravel or desert pavement. Evidently very dry but enough plants to keep wind erosion down. Oil wells scattered all over this area, some new, some pumping. In the afternoon we turned west toward Cody, climbed out of the river bottom onto the whitish or variegated Cretaceous or Eocene shales. This continued with some bluffs for 100 miles. At Cody we saw Heart Mountain 10 mi. to north. It stands alone, almost a butte on top, an erosion remnant, but actually of complicated structure - the Heart Mountain Overthrust. The Paleozoic ^[[insertion]] (?)[[/insertion]] rocks on top of the Cretaceous/Tertiary, moved laterally several miles (eastward) and then eroded.
[[pre-printed]] 76 [[/pre-printed]] Just west of Cody we entered the Shoshone Canyon. It passes through many miles of mountains forming a large area rather than a single range (Absarokas). The canyon is lined with the cliffs and the Salus slopes, mostly in Eocene volcanic brecchia. Many elaborate pinnacles, with recognizable shapes. Occasionally a 6-foot dike crosses as right angles to the road, making a sharp outcrop up the sides of the canyon. These pryochlastics range from fine ash to large fragments of rock, worked after the explosion emission by mud-flames, etc. into allimial fans. These sometimes show stratification, and sometimes folding, but very prominent vertical jointing. The joint blocks are caused by shrinking especially with twisting. Numerous side canyons seem to show similar conditions over a wide area. EB was interested in seeing evidence of glaciation inside Yellowstone Park. We saw not one single definitive piece of evidence. There was supposed to have a glacial cap over the whole plateau, perhaps built up from neighboring ranges. If so, EB thinks it must have been old - probably second epoch (the earliest one recognized in the Rockies. [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]] 77 [[/preprinted]] [[image - map consisting of portions of Montana, South Dakota, Kansas, Colorado, New Mexico, Arizona, Utah, Idaho, Nevada, Oregon, and California, as well as the country of Mexico - with several routes highlighted in different shades of color]]
[[preprinted]] 78 [[/preprinted]] The fourth epoch (Wisconsin) would be seen in unmodified moraines, usually very evident. The third epoch might appear in moraines or in road cuts, but only "possible" example of this were seen. [[left margin]] Aug. 31 Wed. [[/left margin]] We stopped briefly in the geyser basins. 70 Hebgen Reservoir and Montana-Yellowstone Earthquake Area. Saw what is visible from the north end, including the "fault scarps", the Hebgen Dam damage, the road breaks, the new lake covering the road but 50 feet lower than the original level (because of a cut in the landslide made by the Forest Service). The Sopo sheets I brought along were not very illuminating. We decided not to go around to see the landslide from the southwest. My cousin Justin Hill was camping in the area at the time of the earthquake. There were so located that they got out without assistance or difficulty. Back to West Yellowstone and out to Idaho Falls by US 20. Same route west to Arco and then southwest to Craters of the Moon National Monument. This is a well arranged exhibit of 75 square miles of lava flows, cinder cones, craters, splatter cones, canes, etc. Exceedingly rugged, but with good roads and trails. A fantastic place. Photos. [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]] 79 [[/preprinted]] Just north of the Monument is an east-west line of hills/mountains with a young pattern of valleys but few gulleys. The entire surface, not very abrupt anyway, was singularly smoothed. EB judged that sand from the plane had blown onto these hillsides and literally buried the gulleys. I took two photos. Also on the edge of the Monument I took photos of a small pressure ridge on top of the sheet lava, which split open radially upon cooling. Also a view of the very cliffy mountain face northwest of Arco, formed by alternating hard and soft beds of limestone (z) (Paleogoic?). Coming west from Idaho Falls we passed Twin Buttes, one obviously a volcanic cone, the other presumably also one but not looking like it. Also a much larger masses called Big Butte, which also shows evidence of one or several craters. Rte. 20 from W. Yellowstone to Idaho Falls, to Arco, and the Craters of the Moon. Then back to Arco. [[end page]]
[[preprinted]] 80 [[/preprinted]] [[margin]] Sep. 1. Thurs. [[/margin]] From Arco north on rte 93ALT to Challis, then southwest on 93 along the Salmon River to Sawtooth Valley & Shoshone, then Rte. 20 to Boise and on to Caldwell, Ida. Northeast of Arco along the Lost River range, which is rugged, with [[strikethrough]] cl [[/strikethrough]] high outcrops of nearly vertically tilted beds - probably early Paleozoic. Along the face there were triangular facets at the end of ridges between gulleys, apparently along a fault line. Farther south the outcrops were [[strikethrough]] only [[/strikethrough]] mostly high up on the mountains and the lower slopes were smooth slopes and rounded surfaces, very steep for alluvium and probably creping. In many places an "eyebrow" line across the base of the range seemed also to show a fault line. These foothills and some out in the valley farther north are devoid of any but very small and inconspicuous vegetation. They are somewhat irregular in arrangement and smooth all over. One large pair of alluvial fans showed overlapping due to higher level of one. This [[strikethrough]] w [[/strikethrough]] one seemed to head up into a cirque, possibly with a terminal moraine high up, right at the outlet of the cirque. There seem to be old cirques on many of the peaks, but not very definite ones. [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]] 81 [[/preprinted]] The Salmon River Canyon above Challis is similar to the lower part, very evenly V-shaped but winding - the curves evidently determined by features older than the river. Most slopes are talus, sometimes with low vegetation. Often there were narrow channels called rubble stripes that seem to be shallow gulleys later [[strikethrough]] than [[/strikethrough]] filled with the rubble. Sometimes little mud flows have come down on top of the rubble. In the Sawtooth Valley we saw the long moraines on the west side and apparently at least one from the east. One of the west apparently crossed the valley and may have dammed it temporarily. [[margin]] Sept. 2. Fri. [[/margin]] From Caldwell, Ida. on rte. 20 to Burns and then south to Alturas on US395. Following the Malheur River, after a few miles of monotonous country, began to see many of what EB calls "rubble stripes", narrow and shallow lines of angular talus that [[insertion]] each [[/insertion]] fill [[strikethrough]] s [[/strikethrough]] a small gulley, probably made in a single storm. They are frequently all over a hillside but always follow the straight line [[strikethrough] bes [[/strikethrough]] caused by gravity. They are usually on steep slopes but sometimes are gentle slopes. Photo. There must be a source of the angular rubble, usually a lava outcrop.
[[preprinted]] 82 [[/preprinted]] A few miles north of Lakeview we came on a small playa [[insertion]] Buckaroo Lake [[/insertion]] (photo) and then noticed that the valley had very clear lake benches all around, probably nearly 200 feet high. At the south end these certainly topped the ridge around the end, and there was another playa in that valley. The south end of this second valley also seemed to be low enough to overflow but we found no evidence that it had. Right on this divide there was a fine example of a fault block slipping off the cliff onto the valley floor. The cliff is 2500 feet high, very abrupt, and we later on saw many slips. On this one the top surface was preserved although broken into several blocks. Photo. All day we were in old (Miocene) lava country, occasionally seeing soft light colored beds of volcanic ash. We thought we saw water flowing out of Goose Lake on the California / Oregon border, but it is supposed to be landlocked since 1869 (?). The stream certainly flowed away to the south - may have been spring-fed. [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]] 83 [[/preprinted]] [[blank page]]
[[preprinted]] 84 [[/preprinted]] June / July 1962 June 24. Sun. Mileage 53919. Left Carbondale with John Downey at 9:30 a.m. in a University Mercury (3-104, Ill. lic. U-4296) bound for western Nebraska & South Dakota (& perhaps further west and south) to visit the easternmost localities of [[underline]] Plebejus icarioides [[/underline]]. Took Ste. 40 from St. Louis. 71 from Kansas City, and 36 from St. Joseph. Stopped first night at Belleville, Kansas. 589 mi. Sta. 101. There were so many insects around the motel lights (Bel Vista Motel) that we couldn't resist them. Took enough to fill a Schmidt Lou. No cerambycids. Last night about dusk we kept thinking we saw lupines along the road. Probably only alfalfa or clover. June 25. Mon. Mileage 54508. Turned north on US 81 So York, Nebraska. [[underline]]Sta. 102. [[/underline]] 10:15 a.m. 5 mi. n. of Belleville, Kans. 2150' elev. Collected on roadside in large thistle patch (much of thistle past flowering stage. Just prior to rainstorm. Not many things flying.. Leps fly short distance & then settle down. Collected: 1 [[female symbol]] [[underline]] Everes comyntas, [[/underline]] Satyridae (common, several species), [[underline]] Phyciodes, [[/underline]] milk-weed cerambycids [[underline]] (Tetraopes), [[/underline]] weevils in copula, several large green chrysomelids. Noted absence of Spicata & Nemognatha on thistle. Another heavy rainstorm during lunch in York. From there to Grand Isle, much thin smoke from rear; proved to be transmission fluid. There had been storm warnings over this part of Kansas and Nebraska yesterday and today. (Tornados) [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]] 85 [[/preprinted]] At Halsey (54775) there is a section of Nebraska Nat. Forest (Bessey Div.), a pine-covered ridge among the sand hills. Also a nursery. Stopped for the night at Alliance, McCarroll's Motel. Very roomy and quiet. Met a party of seven USDA men from W. of Nebraska on a sail erosion project. One elderly man named Wealcley ? had studied lupines in this area as possible capable poisons, so he knew a lot about their distribution up into the Black Hills. Gave us many pointers. (The poison was selenium from the soil - lupine not particularly bad as an accumulator.) June 26. Tues. Mileage 54919. Time change. Left town about 7:45 a.m. [[underline]] Sta. 103. [[/underline]] Highway near Hemingford (Neb. rte. 2). 1 large red-striped [[underline]]Eleodes. [[/underline]] No calls at Hill Top Motel in Crawford. West thru Monroe ? Canyon on US 20. No lupine until on barren hilltop about halfway to Harrison. [[underline]] Sta. 104. [[/underline]] 13 mi. e of Harrison, Neb. on U.S. 20. Small lupines along road with eggs & 1 1st mistan larva. No adults flying. Ants Sending aphids. Took lupine samples, also another plant with same habitus but only 3 to 5 very broad leaflets. Windy; humidity 60; temp. 24 degrees. Elevation 4900'. [Few miles later, same place, several adults.] Drove north from Harrison into "canyon country", pine-filled valleys, not very steep, opening out at both sides in eroded badlands or sandy hills.
86 [[preprinted]] [[underline]] Sta. 105 [[/underline]] Monroe Canyon, 6 mi. n. of Harrison, Nebr. 4900' +/-. Lupine but only [[underline]] Phadratespiasus; [[underline]] skippers, [[underline]]Speyeria,[[/underline]] redclerids, a brushid? buprestids,flies, etc.Windy. [[underline]] Sta. 106 [[/underline]] Sowbelly Canyon, 5-10 mi. ne. of Harrison, Nebr. Good deal of lupine but until the last moment [[underline]] no [[/underline]] blues. Host lupine samples. Bumblebee, gray + blue damselflies. Elev. 4875'. Humidity 47. Temperature 26.5 [[symbol for degrees.]] 1. Hydrophilid, flies ( small museoids), tachmid,pompetid. [[underline]]Sta. 107. [[/underline]] Many large cychrimi or calosomas running on road. Also about 4 Nemogratha on unflowers. Stopped in Hot Springs, S. D. for the night. [[underline]] Sta.108. [[/underline]] A small solplugid running rapidly on floor of motel room. [[left margin]] June 27. Wed. [[/left margin. Mileage 55109. Car not running very well and exhaust noisy, so we pulled into a Mercury garage. Exhaust gaskets + automatic choke. Drove to Custer. Stopped at Forest Service office and were told of a limestone area to n.w. No lupines evident in the surrounding granite areas. 3 mi. n. of town Turned west on road to Moon. Mileage 55147. [[underline]] Sta. 109.[[/underline]] 14 mi. n.w. of Custer, N.D. on road to Moon. Large buprestids, small cerambycid, small buprestids, 4 species of lycainids, etc. [[underline]] Pieris bequaerdi.[[/underline]] [Added to Sta. 110.] [[underline]] Sta. 110. [[/underline]] 20 mi. n.w. of Custer,N.D. on road to Moon. Lupines + several lycaenids, but no [[underline]] icariodes. [[/underline]] Temp. 22.5 [[symbol for degrees] (.) humidity 60. Mileage 55167. [[underline]] Pieris [[/underline]] & [[underline]] Parnassius. [[/underline]] Oeneis [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]] 87 The blues included: [[underline]] Callophrys eryphon, Glauropsyche lydamus,Everes romyntas, Plegejus saepiolus & Agriades glandon. [[/underline]] A ^half^ farther on found a larger hairier lupine. Elevation 7000. Two species growing & flowering side by side. Hirsute one has larger blooms taking longer to mature but seems to start blooming later. Add [[underline]] Colices? [[strikethrough]] anend? [[/strikethrough]] alercoredia, Phyciodes,[[/underine]] 4 [[underline]] Glaucopsyche.[[/underline]] 1 live [[ symbol for female]] [[underline]] Aguades glandon. [[/ underline]] [[underline]] Sta. 111. [[/underline]] About 4 mi. n. of Moon, S.D. A large bank of large hirsute lupines 1 [[symbol for female]] 1 [[symbol for male]] [[underline]] P. icarioides, [[/underline]] many green [[underline]]Lytta. [[/underline]] Counted 100 stalks--1 egg! Went through mining town of Lead, jammed between walls of canyon -- large open cut lupines-- to John's Motel in Deadwood, S.D. Very few insects flying at night, alto warm. [[underline]] Sta. 112. [[/ underline]] Deadwood, S.D. At lights, 1 Cerambyci, [[left margin]] June 28. Thurs. [[/left margin]] [[underline]] Sta. 113. [[/ underline]] 5 mi. w. of Lead, S.D. , a few glabrous lupines. Several blues & other butterflies. Mileage 55225. [[underline]] Sta. 114. [[/underline]] Spearfish Canyon, 2 mi. n. of Savoy, [[insertion]] S.D. [[/insertion]] Elev. 4800. Glabrous lupine in seed. Massive limestone. Chafers 1 new blue ( [[underline]]Pseudargiolus [[/underline]] ), gray cerambyids, coicinellids, small huprestid, misc.butterflies. Deadwood & Lead were in slate or colored rocks, not limestone. Latter appeared about 5-10 miles to west of Lead.
88 At Sta.114 John saw a swallowtail that seemed to be a hybrid between [[underline]] Papilis eurymedon [[/underline]] and [[underline]] P. rutulus. P.e. [[/underline]] has whitish wings. [[underline]] P.r. [[/underline]] has three tails. This specimen had white fore wings only, and three tails. Specimen got away. From Spearfish, S.D. took US. 14 to Sundance, Wyo. Alfalfa lush all the way. Also in the red beds all the way. [[underlined]] Sta.115. [[/underlined]] 5 mi. n. of Sundance, Wyo. [[insert]] (on road to radar tower) [[/insert]] 6250 ft. Pine forest. Many lupines in isolated patches. [[underlined]] Glaucopsyche lygdamus [[/underlined]] and other butterflies, gray cerambycids, Sphingid that mimics bumblebee. [[underlined]] Also [underline]] in Reuter Canyon 350' lower [[strikethrough]] Sta [[strikethrough]] down. Many [[underlined]] lygdamus, [[underlined]] 1 [[underlined]] icarioides. [[underlined]] [[underlined]] Sta.116. [[underlined]] Hills about 1 mi. n. of Sundance, Wyo. 5075' elev. Dense lupines on exposed hillside. A few [[underlined]] icarioides, [[underlined]] many [[underlined]]Lytta, [[underlined]] 3 [[underlined]] Phynchites, [[underlined]] coccinellids, 3 cicadas. Kept west + north to Devil's Tower. Then north + east back into South Dakota. The tower is [[underlined]] very [[underlined]] impressive. [[underlined]] Sta. 117. [[underlined]] 5 mi. e. of Hulett, Wyo. Along road in red beds. [[underlined]] Very [[underlined]] large lupine. No blues. A reduviid, several striped cerambycids, a chafer, an elater, a hesperiid (black), 1 [[underlined]] Pieris bequaerti. [[underlined]] Elev. 3950'. 1/4 mi. farther east, at least 15 [[underlined]] icarioides [[underlined]] and 1 egg. [[underlined]] 1 Eieres, [[underlined]] 2 Asilids, 5 [[image - symbol for female]] 92 alive) 10 [[image - symbol for male]] 1 black - red cerambycil. Temp. 27.5 [[image - symbol for degrees]] Humidity 58 % [[end page 88]]. [[start page 89]] Arrived at Belle Fourche about suppertime, but found both AAA motels full. Found another. [[[[underlined]] Sta.118. [[underlined]] Belle Fourche, So. Dak. Flying to lights. 3 [[image - symbol for male]] [[underlined]]Prionus, [[underlined]] 3 [[underlined]] Phyllophaga, [[underlined]] 1 Coprinae, 4 spp. Carabidae, a water boatman, 1 reduviid, 1 carpenter ant, 1 Iron. [[good guess?]] Up to 2 nights earlier, the motel had had its furnaces on at night. Earlier in the day a bar-tender reported that this had been the coldest and wettest spring at Hulett, Wyo., during his lifetime. 22 inches rain since April. Aver. ann. precip. is about 12 inches. June 29 Headed north on U.S.85. Mileage 55396. Fri. [[underlined]] Sta. 119. [[underlined]] North Cane Hills, west of Ludlow, S.D. 2850' elev. Temp. 33.5 [[image - symbol for degrees]] C. Humidity 38.5%. Many lupiner starting half way up valley, heading north. Many [[underlined]] P.icarioides, [[underlined]] ants in association with [[strikethrough]] 8 [[strikethrough]] 11 living larvae, eggs. At least 2 spp. [[?]] of ants. A living [[image - symbol for female]] [[underlined]] icarioides, [[underlined]] 1 cicada, 1 ant-like bug, 3 bumblebees, 1 green [[underlined]] Lytta. [[underlined]] This was about 2 mi. s. of Riley Pass. 3050'. The surrounding cliffs are yellow-brown sandstone. Just north of the hills came back into white + red beds, more dusty, rolling country, no lupines. Lunch in Bowman, N.D. Green aphids at base of stalks where the ants were with the larvae. [[underlined]] Sta. 120. [[underlined]] 23 mi. n. of Bowman. [[underlined]] 1 P.melissa.[[underlined]] Very dry, almost nothing flying. [[end page]]
[[preprinted]] 90 [[/preprinted]] Could find no lupine along US 85 Belfield on US 10. Got the last room in a motel (5:30 p.m.), had supper in town, and then drove out west 12 miles to badlands. Very impressive but [[insertion]] almost [[/insertion]] completely covered with vegetation, except on cliffs. Main loop road closed for repairs but 5 mile side road open to Burning Coal Vein, lignite beds burning under the clay, converting it to a brick-like slag or scoria. Very interesting area of cave-ins over the burned-out layers, the drop being fairly even over at least an acre. The remains of the old walk could be seen for 25 yards out from the present edge, having dropped down in fragments at least 4 feet. A trail goes around to the right to the rear of the area. We continued around the circle by climbing over the cracking clay but were forced by hot spots to climb to the top of the north cliff. Saw a mule deer from there. A herd of buffalo blocked the road at one point. Prairie dogs live in abundance near the entrance, showing no fear of the cars. [[margin]] June 30. Sat. [[/margin]] Mileage 55669. Scattered showers last night. In Theo. Roosevelt Nat. Mon. Park we drove 5 mi. n. to the Cottonwood Campground along the Little Missouri River. The ranger told us that the entire area was sprayed with DDT two days ago because the local mosquitoes carry western equine encephalitis. There were plenty of insects flying. [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted, obscured]] 91 [[/preprinted]] [[image - preprinted "flyer" pasted in to journal. Upside down, it advertises "Wonderland Cave" in South Dakota, and has been folded which obscures the map on the reverse]]
[[image - advertisement for Wonderland Cave, near the Black Hills of South Dakota. Includes a map of the area and a photo of an "icicle fence".]] COMMUNITIES STURGIS - Motorcycle races and tour...and rodeo held each summer. Bear Butte and Lake, Ft. Meade Hospital nearby. SPEARFISH - Home of world famous Passion Play held 3 nights of the week during summer. Also Federal Fish Hatchery and State Teacher's College. Gateway to beautiful Spearfish Canyon. DEADWOOD - Historic Days of '76 event each summer. Setting for early day mining rush. Romantic setting still lingers. Famous graves of Wild Bill and Calamity Jane. Fine Adams Memorial Museum, EDGEMONT - Home of Black Hills newest big industry, Uranium. Refinery now being built. Shopping center for ranching and farming interests. CUSTER - Original site of Custer's encampment in the Black Hills and original Gold Discovery...celebrated by annual summer event of colorful pageantry and rodeo. Now an important shopping, mining and lumbering center for the south-central hills area. BELLE FOURCHE - Home of famous Black Hills Round-up rodeo held each year during July 4th holidays. Headquarters for ranching interests in wide area. Location of U. & I. sugar refinery. HOT SPRINGS - As the name implies..warm springs feed the town from several directions. Here is located Veterans Hospital facility, State Soldiers home, recreational Evans Plunge and an important shopping center for the southern Black Hills. LEAD - Homestake Gold Mine, largest single producer in the U.S. The city rises a mile above sea level, while the gold mine goes into ground over a mile...below sea level. Terry Peak Chair Lift nearby. HILL CITY - In the heart of the Hills...equal distant from any major recreational areas. Lumbering and mining community. RAPID CITY - Gateway to the Black Hills. Home of School of Mines Museum, Dinosaur Hill, State Fish Hatchery, fine parks, including Canyon Lake. Distribution and major retail shopping center. OTHER COMMUNITIES YOU'LL WANT TO VISIT: ROCKERVILLE, KEYSTONE, CENTRAL CITY, PIEDMONT, WHITEWOOD, ST. ONGE, PRINGLE, NEMO.
92 [[underline]]Sta.121.[[/underline]] 5 mi: n. of Medora, N.D. at Cottonwood Campground in Theo. Roosevelt Nat. Mem. Park. 1 Cicindelid, 1 asilid, 1 field cricket. One small patch of lupine near the river bank. Few leaflets, glabrous, small, non-bushy, heavily in seed. Samples by permission of ranger. The soil is very sandy (fine dark gray sand). Above normal flood level. [[underline]] Sta. 122. [[/underline]] Elev. 3400, on top of Sentinal Butte. Many wild flowers, no lupine, but something [[underline]] very [[/underline]] much like it on slopes ( [[underline]] very [[/underline]] hairy- five leaflets,) 2 cerambyids. Down off the peak, a few [[underline]]Lyttas [[/ underline]] + [[underline ]] Epicanta- [[/underline]] gray. Southeast on US 312 (also as 212) toward Broadus. [[underline]] Sta.123. [[/underline]] 3 mi. s.w. of Stacey, Powder River Co., Montana, about 1 mi. into Custer National Forest. Lupine suddenly abundant along road and up among tall grasses. 16 [[underline]] icarioides [[/underline]] 2 robber flies, 2 bees, Epicanta, ioccinellid, flea beetle, re[[strike]] g [[/strike]] d bug. 3800 ft. elev. Edge of pines- 1 larva with very small ants. [[underline]] Sta. 124. [[/underline]] Broadus, Montana. On Mont.rte. 8, US 212, US 213. [[underline]] 1 Polyphylla [[/underline]] and 1 caralid at lights. [[left margin]] July 1 Sun. [[/left margin]] Mileage 55985. While John is at mass, I'll note a few observations about [[underline]] P. icarioides [[/underline]] I seldom seem to "flush" it out by distributing the lupine. Instead, when I stand still a few minutes, one is likely to fly up. When one flies, often a second will fly up. [[end page]] [[start page]] 93 and the two will flit about for a few seconds. Sometimes another species of butterfly or moth will prompt this sudden brief flight. If a specimen is chased very far, it will suddenly disappear, apparently dropped to the ground. In a few cases I've found it, just resting with the wings folded. At such times it can be picked upon the fingers but doesn't take flight readily. The lupines that we've seen lately have been very local in distribution. Perhaps very abundant but disappearing in a mile or so. There sometimes is no apparent change in the environment. Most of the accompanying plants-"indicators"- are more widely ranging. The most profuse carpet of wild flowers we've seen anywhere was on the wind-swept top of Sentinal Butte. The variety and number of very low flowers was extreme. Our theme song has been "Ida, Sweet as Apple Cider", but now we also recognize as our patron saint, St. Ida of the Lupines. [[underline]] Sta. 125. [[/underline]
[[preprinted]] 94 [[/preprinted]] Came upon these lupines very suddenly, on a back road west from Not. rte. 391, to Recluse & US 14/16. There were pines on the hills but none at this point. The lupines [[strikethrough]] disappeared [[/strikethrough]] continued to Rte. US 14/16 and then died out. None near Gillette, Moorcroft, Upton, Newcastle. On U.S. 85 at mileage 56250 John saw a lupine while driving. In the butte hills like Teapot Dome, about [[strikethrough]] 25 [[/strikethrough]] 8 mil. n. of Lusk, Wyo. Niobrara Co. [[underline]] Sta. 126. [[/underline]] 8 mi. n. of Lush, Wyo., on US. 85. Roadside at nearby small butte. A dozen eggs (lost have of them), a "couple" of adults, on sparse lupine. Many plants very small and without flowers. Eggs on bases leaves of large flowering stalks. Supper at Lusk and on down US 85. Lupines disappeared soon. Saw none in Goshen Co. until almost to Jay Em. Then saw a large field in the distance and tramped over to it. Took one [[underline]] icarioides [[/underline]] on the way. Jumped a creek and found the blue field to be small thistles. Where the blue was flying John found 4 clumps of lupine. [[underline]] Sta. 127. [[/underline]] 2 mil n. of Jay Em, Wyo. 7 p.m. Elev. 4750'. 1 [[male symbol]] [[underline]] icarioides [[/underline]] in dense pasture. Also Lycaena sp. (1). 2 tabanids, 1 damsel fly. 3 eggs. Nodules - west of Biddle, Montana, nr. Who. line. [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]] 95 [[/preprinted]] [[margin]] July 2. Mon. [[/margin]] Mileage . Gering, Neb. [[Margin]] July 3 Tues. [[/margin]] Mileage . Seneca, Kans. on rte. 36. Last night we spent one hour discussing possible improvements in Zool. 102. It might be possible in the Crustacea, for example, after studying crayfish as before, to see and/or dissect isopod, copepod, barnacle, [[underline]] and Limulus [[/underline]] in one lab, comparing back to crayfish. Make the students notebook of importance to [[underline[[ them [[/underline]] in these comparisons. The same thing could be done for insects, mollusks, echinoderms, coelenterates, and possible Protozoa. [[end page]]
[[pre-printed]] 96 [[/pre-printed]] [[blank page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] [[pre-printed]] 97 [[/pre-printed]] [[margin]] [[underline]] 1964 [[/underline]] June 15. Mon. [[/margin]] 12688 mi. 12 noon. John Downey, Don Lawrence, Dick B. Univ. car 3-132, '64 Ford. St. Louis-K.C.-Topeka.[[margin]] 435 [[/margin]] Stopped at Meadow Acres Motel. [[margin]] June 16. Tues. [[/margin]] 13123 mi. We got there! Colorado Springs about 6 p.m. MOT Stopped at TourRest Motel - $10.00 for 3. Supper at Western Pancake Shop-good. Tried two strings of bowling. A tie! Phoned F. M. Brown at Fountain Valley School. Can't see us tonight [[margin]] 580 [[/margin]] nor until 10:30 tomorrow. He's teaching in summer school at Colorado College. We have decided not to wait that late. John may see him on return. [[margin]] June 17. Wed. [[/margin]] 13703 mi. On our way at 7:30 after pancakes as above. Stopped in Manitou for "lamp shades" - glass - for rearing. [[underline]] Sta. 201. [[/underline]] Mil. 13765. Wilkerson Pass on US 24 west of Colo Sprs. Elev. 9525. [[underline]] Oeneis [[/underline]], asilids, gray [[underline]] Epicanta [[/underline]]. Windy & cool. US 24 to US 285 to US 50 at Poncha Sprs. Lunch at Shavano Inn. Gasoline at Sargents. [[underline]] Sta. 202 [[/underline]] Mil. 13872 (12 mi. w. Sargents, Colo. ^ [[insertion]] [[underline]] 1 mi. e. Doyleville [[/underline]], Colo [[/insertion]] or 20 mi. east of Gunnison.) First lupine seen - many glabrous ones [[margin]] 237 [[/margin]] in full bloom. Hirsute one rare and in seed, but not alongside road. Pressed both lupines. Elev. 8300 ft. [[margin]] 1 (female symbol) maybe [[underline]] P. acmon [[/underline]] [[arrow pointing to right]] 1 [[underline]] Philotes [[/underline]] (male symbol), 2 (female symbol), [[underline]] Epicanta [[/underline]] on glabrous lupine, asilid, bugs. Gunnison Co. In sagebrush. [[margin]] [[strikethrough]] June 18. Thurs. [[/strikethrough]] [[/margin]] (plus or minus sign) 13940 mi. To Crested Butte & on up to (blank space), where is the Rocky Mountain Biological Laboratory. The director is Robert K. Enders. They have a couple of dozen log buildings and good field lab facilities. 9500 ft. We drove back down to the ski area for the night, to Crested Butte Lodge. Don and I climbed about [[end page]]
[[preprinted]] 98 [[/preprinted]] 1000 feet, nearly half a mile, up the ski slope, under the gondola lift. The lodge is run by Kent Gathright and his wife and two small children. A very fancy place and comfortable. We pay $5 each for room with beds and breakfast, or $3 with bunks. [[left margin]] June 18 Thurs. [[/left margin]] [[image - underline plus symbol]] 13940 mi. drove up to Lab; the snow and rain of last night had dried, except on upper slopes. This area has [[underline]] many [[/underline]] large landslides, leaving many valley areas hummocked. All around, the 14,000 peaks are glaciated and all the valleys. From high up, the cirques are very clear. [[underline]] Sta. 203. [[/underline]] 2 mi. east of Highway 135 in Cement Creek [[insert]] 8700 ft [[/insert]] Canyon, at Cem. Cr. Guard Sta. Sagebrush side gulley had many lupine; only a few in bloom. Lycaemids: [[left margin]] 50 mi. [[/left margin]] [[underline]] Celistrena argiolus, P. Tacrmon, Agruides glandorn, Ev. Comyntas [[/underline], many or; other leps [[underline]] Oenia, Colias [[/underline]], skipper-black [[insert]] [[underline]] Lytta [[/underline]] on wild iris and lupine, clerid, bileiomid flies. [[/insert]] several sawfly spp., Sphecoid wasps, asilid. Windy and chilly. Sun out only occasionally. Mostly aspeno, a few pines. [[underline]] Iris missouriensis [[/underline]], common, host of green [[underline]] Lytta [[/underline]]. [[underline]] Sta. 204. [[/underline]] Mil. 13979. 8050 ft elev. on Hy. 135. 3 mi. s. Almont. [[undelrine]] Philotes sp. Agriades glandon; Coenonymphia [[/underline]] (yellow), wasps, bee flies, skippers, Therevirdae [[underline]] Sta. 205. [[/underline]] 1 mi. east of Hy. 135 at mouth of Cement Creek. (1 mi. W. Sta. 202). [[underline]] P. icariceides [[image - female symbol]], P. saepiolus [[image - male symbol]] [[/underline]]. Very wet meadow full of dandelions and another yellow flower. 8500 ft. elev. 4 [[underline]] Colia philodice [[/underline]] [[images - male symbol, female symbol]] [[undelrine]] Phyrodes, Erebia [[/undelrine]]. Bright sun. [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]] 99 [[/preprinted]] 2 spp. syrphidae, another fly. Had dinner in Crested Butte and then took Dan back up to Gothic to spend the night in his cabin and get his things in order before we leave tomorrow. [[left margin]] June 19. Fri. [[/left margin]] The early mornings are beautiful; clear and crisp. Even down at Crested Butte snow-capped peaks are all around, and they are real peaks with clear cirques, much above timber-line. At Gothic the narrow valley is surrounded by steep cliffs rising up to 14,000 ft. peaks, largely snow-covered especially after the light snow on Wednesday evening. Wild flowers are profuse in some places, but paintbrush and columbine are not out yet. These valleys are all glaciated, except where there have been landslides, of which there are many. In places it looks as if there [[left margin]] 51 mi. [[/left margin]] had been an unconformity between two types of materials and the upper had slid off. Perhaps the slides are of older glacial materials that were resting on the ignious rocks. Some streams have cut deeply into the glacial valley bottom and then spread out enough to accommodate very elaborate meanderings. This area began to be developed for skiing in 1960 and now has several fine lodges, 3 lifts, a large jump. It has the facilities of aspen, but less development - smaller area so far. Only one full season so far, but that one was successful. Another lift is now planned. The area never lacks snow.
[[preprinted]] 100 [[/preprinted]] Within a mile of this lodge last week a woman caught a 30-inch 9-pound trout (on worm!) and the next day a -pound one. This was in a little stream running under a road culvert. [[underline]] Sta. 206. [[/underline]] Gothic, Colo. (At Rcky Mt. Biol Lab.). 9475 ft on our altimeter. The laboratory can take care of 80 or 90 students, but it prefers to limit to 50 or so. Only a few are here this early. There are no regular classes. There are adequate electric facilities, privies, prefitted log labs, various kinds of decrepit cabins, and one modern cabin. [[left margin]] June 20 8 at. [[/left margin]] Mil. 14041. Left Crested Butte Lodge at 9:30am. Got gas at Crested Butte. Mil. 14044. about 19 mi. east of Somerset. [[underline]] Sta. 207. [[/underline]] 22 mi. west of Crested Butte on Colo. 135 (west of Kebles Pass). Elev. 7700 ft. Mil. 14066. Lycaenids: [[underline]] G. Lygdamus [[/underline]] [[image - 2 male symbols above 2 female symbols]] [[underline]] E. comyntas. [[image - female symbol]] Erehia, Coenonympha. [[/underline]] [[left margin]] 150 [[image - underlined plus symbol]] [[/left margin]] bees and wasps in profusion, esp. Nomodini, apilids, bonbyliids, flying ants, bibiomid, Senebrionids, [[underline]] Carabus [[/underline]] [[insert]] ? [[/insert]] 2, Lepturine, eleates, 2 dung beetles with dung pill, [[underline]] Lytta [[/underline]] many for Selander - living, bee flies, 3 damsel flies. This area, just a few miles west of Kebler Pass was completely different from the alpine country. It is chaparral country, with [[underline]] Ceanothus [[/underline]], lupine, daisies, sagebrush. No pines or spruce. [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]] 101 [[/preprinted]] Came out at Delta, Colo., where John mailed the [[underline]] Lytta. [[/underline]] with foodplants. Post office closed, but a man took the parcel in after stamps were put on it. Decided to go south through Ouray to Durango, then west and northwest to by US 160 to Cortez, Colo.; Monticello, Utah, and back onto US 50. It was only about 140 mi. to Ouray, which is little above the Montrose elevation (5820), Ouray 7721, but surrounded by peaks about 14,000 ft. These are very rugged and connected by high ridges, forming arcs of very rugged country. Not even trails could go across most of these. The Uncompahgre River (n. to Gunnison R.) goes past Ouray and to Silverton, then the Animas flows south to the San Juan. The pass between, Moles Rivide, is 10,910 ft. The ø mts. due w. of Ouray is Mt. Sneffels (14,150), south of this, the San Miguels, the La Platas; on the other side no single name except San Juan Mts. [[left margin]] June 21. Sun. [[/left margin]] Sta. 208. Ouray, Colo. El. 7700+, hill just east of town. [[undelrine]] Glaucopsyche [[/underline]] in clover or astragalus - two eggs may be this. [[underline]] Eneres comyntas, Plebejus saepiolus. [[/underline]] Wood satyrs (Coenonympha). Watched many females but couldn't be sure of hosts. 1 [[underline]] Elater. Sta. 209. [[/underline]] Ouray, Colo. Amphitheatre Campground, east of town. Eleva. 8300 ft. [[underline]] Everes, Aeneis. [[/underline]] [[left margin]] 23 ± [[/left margin]] [[underline]] Sta. 210. [[/underline]] 2 1/2 mi. S.W. of Ouray, Colo. on Camp Bird Mine Road. El. 8450. Papilio dannus, Polygonia [[underline]] seen. [[/underline]] Took [[underline]] Coenonympha, Aeneis, Everus.c., Celastrina argiolus. [[/undelrine]]
[[preprinted]] 102 [[/preprinted]] [[left margin]] June 22 Mon. [[/left margin]] Mil. 14214. Left Ouray about 8a.m. over the so-called Million Dollar Highway. It [[underline]] is [[/underline]] a good highway, but nothing very difficult to build - or drive. Sta. 211. Mil. 14267. 11 mi n. [[insert]] 22 mi. n. of Durango [[/insert]] of Hermosa, Colo.. El. 8100 ft. [[underline]] P. icarioides [[/underline]] 1 [[image: male symbol]], Everes 1 [[image: female symbol]], [[underline]] C. argiolus [[/underline]] 1 [[image - male symbol]], [[underline]] G. lygdanus [[/underline]] 1 [[image: male symbol]]. Also [[underline]] Aglais. [[/underline]] Large lush lupinas. 1 rose chafer. [[undelrine]] Sta. 212. [[/underline]] Mil. 14281. Hermosa, 9 mi. n. Durango, Colo. Roadside flat with some lupines. [[underline]] P. icarioides [[/underline]] 3 [[image - male symbol]], [[underline]] P. melissa [[/underline]] 5 [[image - male symbol]], 1 [[image - female symbol]] alive. 1 damsel fly. 6500 ft. elev. Coming into Ouray from the Gunnison valley is abrupt. The very sharp and high ridges are on both the south and east. There is little climb into the narrow valley of Ouray, "the Switzerland of America". The two sets of peaks form a half circle around Ouray. There are many [[left margin]] 203 [[/left margin]] high waterfalls or cascades, box canyons too tortuous for the sun to reach bottom. A sharp climb up out to the south, by switchbacks and a series of minor dugways. No meadows or parks between Ouray and Silverton. At Silverton we passed the road east to Eureka, which is not even shown on most road maps. At Durango we turn west on US 160 to Cortez [[insert]] Colo. [[/insert]] and Monticello, Utah. Should be semi-desert plateau country. Durango mileage 14291. [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]] 103 [[/preprinted]] [[underline]] Sta. 213. [[/underline]] 20 mi. w. Durango, Colo. on US 160. Elev. 7350 ft. [[underline]] P. saepiolus [[/underline]] 2 [[image - female symbol]], [[underline]] P. melissa [[/underline]] 1 [[image - female symbol]], [[underline]] Lycaena mivalis [[/underline]] 1 [[image - female symbol]], bombyliids, nymphalids, [[underline]] Coenonympha, Phyciodes, Dione. [[/underline]] Openswale in scrub oak zone. Windy [[underline]] Sta. 214. [[/underline]] Mesa Verde Nat. Park., Colo. 5 mi from entrance. (open meadows beyond tunnel). East of Overlook 1, Montguma Valley. 7300 gt. (7400 ft. on lupines pressed) Many eggs, all but one on buds, prob. [[underline]] lygdamus. G. lygdamus [[/underline]] [[images - two male symbols]], [[underline]] A. glandon, 1 E. comyntas, [[/underline]] 2 P. acmon, 1 [[image - male symbol]] 1 [[image - female symbol]] alive. Radder fly with its Sabanid prey. [[underline]] Phycodes, [[/underline]] Melitaea, [[unerline]] Coenonympha, [[/underline]], many [[unerline]] Acinaeodera [[/underline]], 1 sm. Chrysidid. We went into the park only about six miles, but had fine views of surrounding high mountains - north and east. [[left margin]] June 23 Tues [[/left margin]] Mil. 14417. After breakfast took unnumbered road up into the Abajo Mts. west of Monticello, Utah. [[underline]] Sta. 215. [[/underline]] Dalton Springs CG, Abajo Mts, San Juan Co., Utah. Elev. 800 (Mil. 14423). Many [[underline]] P. saepiolus [[/underline]], some ovipositing on small white clover. [[underline]] E. comyntas. [[/underline]] Pressed clover and a lupine (non-host but with a chrysomelid larva - back - name as at Gothic). Velvet and and bald-faced hornet. Downey camped here with Keith Kelson [[left margin]] 247 [[/left margin]] in 1947. [[underline]] Sta. 216. [[/underline]] El. 8750 ft. Abajo Mt. - Blanding Road, Utah, 4 mi. west of Dalton Springs C.G., (8 mi. w. of Monticello). Syrphidae, many, asilids, nesphid. Monticello mileage 14441.
[[preprinted]] 104 [[/preprinted]] Avalon Café. Asked about wide-mouthed jars, and "Gus" said we could have all we could carry - up to 30 or so! [[underline]] Sta. 217 [[/underline]] 2 mi. n.e. La Sal, Utah. El. 6900 ft. 1 nymphalid. [[underline]] Sta. 218 [[/underline]] East foot of La Sal Pass, elev. 7550 ft. La Sal Mts. San Juan Co., Utah. [[underline]] P. icarioides [[/underline]] [[female symbol]] [[underline]] Everes comyntas [[/underline]] 1 [[female symbol]], [[2 male symbols]] [[underline]] Phycodes, Coenonympha. [[/underline]] Chrysidid. 2 mi. w. Hy. [[strikethrough]] 94. [[strikethrough]] 46. [[underline]] Sta. 219 [[/underline]] East foot of La Sal Pass, elev. 7800 ft. La Sal Mts., Utah Rocky meadows along stream. Edge of aspen & pine belt, but mostly scrub oak. [[underline]] E. comyntas[[/underline]] 1 [[insertion]] ? [[/insertion]] [[female symbol], many [[male symbol]], [[underline]] P. saepiolus [[/underline]] [[2 male symbols]], 1 [[female symbol]] [[underline]] P. icarioides [[/underline]] 1 [[female symbol]], [[underline]] A. glandon [[/underline]] [[2 male symbols]], [[female symbol]]?, [[underline]] G. lygdamus [[/underline]] 1 [[male symbol]], [[underline]] P. melissa [[/underline]] 1 [[male symbol]]. [[underline]] [[Eurebio?]], Phyciodes, Coenonympha. [[/underline]] flies, hymenops. 3 1/2 mi. w. Hy. [[strikethrough]] 94. [[strikethrough]] 46. [[margin]] June 14 Wed. [[/margin]] Mileage 14664. at Price, Utah. [[underline]] Sta. 220 [[/underline]] 2 mi. w. Soldier Summit, Utah. El. 6300 ft. [[underline]] P. Melissa, Melitaea [[/underline]] (nymph). Down into Utah Valley & up Provo Canyon. [[underline]] Sta. 221 [[/underline]] Aspen Grove (.6., east mile of Timpanogos Mt., Utah. Elev. 5800 ft. [[underline]] E. comyntas, P. icarioides, C. argiolus, Lycaena nivalis. Acmaeodera, [[/underline]] small buprestids, lampyrid. [[underline]] Phyciodes, Coenonympha, [[/underline]] 1 megalopteran, flies. [[margin]] 210 [[/margin]] [[underline]] Sta. 222 [[/underline]] Mouth of Big Cottonwood Canyon, Salt Lake Co., Utah. [[strikethrough]] Mam [[/strikethrough]] Elev. 5100 ft. Lupine in seed, past prime. Many [[underline]] P. icarioides, [[/underline]] [[2 female symbols]], [[underline]] P. melissa [[/underline]] [[2 male symbols]]. Nemognathines, on thistle. Lepturine. [[underline]] Corydalus. [[/underline]] [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]] 105 [[/preprinted]] [[margin]] June 15. Thurs. [[/margin]] John mailed home three [[insertion]] 4 [[/insertion]] batches of eggs to Mary, - from captured females of [[/underline]] P. icarioides [[/underline]] (Sta. 218) La Sal Mts., [[underline]] P. saepiolus [[/underline]] (Sta. 215) Dalton Spr., Abaho Mts., [[underline]] G lygdamus [[/underline]] (Sta. 208 [[insertion]] ? [[/insertion]] ) Ouray, Colo. [[insertion]] also? [[/insertion]] [[underline]] G. lygdamus [[/underline]] a few field taken eggs Sta. 214 in Mesa Verde Nat. Park, Colo. Salt Lake City, Mil. 14874 [[margin]] 253 [[/margin]] [[underline]] Sta. 223 [[/underline]] Pequop Summit, Nev. Elev. 6750 ft. [[underline]] P. icarioides [[/underline]] [[male symbol]] and 10 eggs. Flower beetles. Pressed ex. of Lupine from each side of road (south seems to be glabrous & north hirsute) also other flowering plants for Mohlenbrock. [[margin]] June 26 Fri. [[/margin]] Mil. 15127 at Elko, Nev. Yesterday was the Downey's wedding anniversary and we stopped in Wells at the hotel at which they stopped on their honeymoon. It was just opened then, but has changed hands since. 15 years ago. All the desert mountains seemed more rugged than I recalled. The Ruby Mots. had a great deal of snow on both sides. The Bonneville salt flats had large areas under water, including the speed trial run. [[margin]] 292 [[/margin]] The Humboldt River had a lot of water. This was apparently the first warm day of the summer. 90°. Left US 40 on Nev. 21, Mil. 15171, 10:20 a.m. [[underline]] Sta. 224 [[/underline]] 47 mi. s. US. 40 on Nev.21. Foot of Mt. Tenabo. Elev. 5000 ft. Flowers of Cleome, few hymenops & bugs & 1 dermestid. Beetles on prickly pear flower. Edge of valley. [[end page]]
[[preprinted]] 106 [[/preprinted]] [[underlined]] Sta. 225. [[/underlined]] Austin [[strikethrough]] Cali [[/strikethroug]] Nev. Elev. 6800 ft. Gulch above town + below pass. [[underlined]] P. icaridides [[/underlined]] [[gender symbols: [[inserted]] male [[/inserted]] female [[inserted]] male [[/inserted]] female]], [[underlined]] P. melissa [[/underlined]] [gender symbols: male female]], E. [[underlined]] comyntas [[/underlined]] [gender symbols: male female]], [[underlined]] E.c. [[/underlined]] on Astrogalus (pressed sample). Pressed samples of Lupine also a silvery pubescent + hybrid, + other flowers. [[underlined]] Eleodes [[/underlined]], dragonfly, yellow bumble bee, 2 robber fly in copula. [[underlined]] Sta. 226. [[/underlined]] Campbells Canyon, [[space intentionally left blank]] mi. below Carroll Summit, Elev. 6200 ft. 1 mi. above mouth of canyon. 6 eggs. 1 blue flying, Lupine pressed + 3 other plants. [[margin]] June 27 [[/margin]] Mileage 15419 at Fallon, Nev. [[margin]] [[strikethrough]] Fri. [[/strikethrough]] [[inserted]] Sat. [[/inserted]] [[/margin]] [[underlined]] Sta. 227. [[/underlined]] US 40 west of Reno, in mouth of Truckee River [[inserted]] Nevada [[/inserted]] Canyon, elev. 5000 ft. [[underlined]] Satyrium behrii [[/underlined]] (Callipsyche) many in jar olive, [[underlined]] P. icaridedes [[/underlined]] 1, P. [[underlined]] acmon [[/underlined]], [[underlined]] P. saepiolus [[/underlined]], [[underlined]] E. comyntas [[/underlined]]. Skippers, Tarquins admiral, [[underlined]] coenonympha [[/underlined]], [[underlined]] Phycodes, [[/underlined]] [[underlined]] Melitaea, [[/underlined]] clerids, mordellids, green [[underlined]] Epicanta [[/underlined]] small chafers, misc. flies + hymenops. [[underlined]] Sta. 228. [[/underlined]] 2 mi. northwest of Calpine, Calif. Cal. rte 89. Elev. 5400 [[inserted]]+[[/inserted]] ft. [[underlined]] Mifoura, [[/underlined]] [[underlined]] C. argiola [[/underlined]] both on [[underlined]] Ceanothus. [[/underlined]] [[inserted]] ? [[/inserted]] 2 chafers, green meloid, strippers + geometer. [[underlined]] Sta. 229. [[/underlined]] Quincy, Calif. Elev. 3450 f. Plumas County. A few beetles flying at dusk. (In alcohol) [[margin]] June 28. [[/margin]] Mileage 15597. at Quincy Calif. [[margin]] Sun. [[/margin]] [[underlined]] Sta. 230. [[/underlined]] Butterfly Valley, Calif. 2 mi. S. W. Hy 89 betw. Quincy + [[strikethrough]] Plumas [[/strikethrough]] [[inserted]] Keddie [[/inserted]] . Elev. 3700 ft. [[underlined]] P. saepiolus [[/underlined]] many incl. live females; [[underlined]] C. argiolus [[/underlined]] [[gender symbols: male female]] , mimic moth phalaenid. Asilid like [[inserted]] a [[/inserted]] bumble bee, cicadas, [[underlined]] Eleodes [[/underlined]] Lepturini, ichneumonid. Admiral, [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]] 107 [[/preprinted]] [[underline]] Sta. 231. [[/underline]] Crescent Mill, Calif. on hy. 89. Elev. 3550 fit. Plumas Co. [[undelrine]] P. icariodes, Speyeria, Lyc. nanthoides ? [[/underline]] Striped lepturines, large glabrous bumblebees, large red asilid eggs on hirsute lupine and also on glabrous largerone. Mil. 15617. [[underline]] Sta. 232. [[/underline]] Lake Almanor, Calif. Elev. 4500 ft. Many lepturinae, 1 green ceramhycid, bees, [[underline]] Colias [[/underline]] [[left margin]] June 20 Mon. [[/left margin]] Mileage 15707. Manzanita Lake Lodge, Lassen Park. This will probably be my last day in the "party". John was quite suddenly sick to stomach last night, and still feels queasy. [[underline]] Sta. 233. [[/underline]] 7 mi. s. of Manznaita Lake at [[insert]] Viola [[/insert]] Viola, Calif. Elev. 4300 ft. Calif rt. 44. [[underline]] Callophyrysawa [[/underline]] [[insert]] 3 [[image - female symbol]] alive. [[/insert]] [[underline]] Incisalia augustimus, P. icarioides, P. sacpiolus [[/underline]] 12 females [[insert]] alive [[/insert]] many males, [[underline]] Ci. artiolus, atlides halesus [[/underline]] [[insert]] "baby morpho" [[/insert]] [[underline]] Phyciodes, Brenthis, Pieris rapae, [[/underline]], bee-mimicing arilid, cercophid nymphs, Histeridae, staphylinid, [[underline]] Aphodius [[/underline]], other asilids and thereviid, red cerambycid, small huprcolids, trichopteran,
[[preprinted]] 108 [[/preprinted]] [[road map of Colorado with the Denver, Colorado Springs, and Pueblo areas prominent]] [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]] 109 [[/preprinted]] [[continuation of road map of Colorado]]
[[preprinted]] 110 [[/preprinted]] [[inserted page]] [[underline]] Trailers - [[/underline]] Use designated sites in public campgrounds. [[underline]] Picknicking - [[/underline]] Authorized in picnic areas on ruins road or public campgrounds only. [[underline]] FIRST AID STATION - [[/underline]] At Park Headquarters. [[underline]] POST OFFICE - [[/underline]] At Park Headquarters. [[underline]] THINGS TO DO IN THE PARK - [[/underline]] Inquire at Information Desk in MUSEUM concerning: [[first column]] Free Ranger-guided trips to cliff dwellings Self-guiding automobile trips to mesa-top ruins Ruins road drives [[/first column]] [[second column]] Hiking (Limited written permits required) Evening campfire programs Church services [[/second column]] [[underline and overline]] HELP US PROTECT AND MAINTAIN THE PARK BY OBSERVING ALL REGULATIONS [[/underline and overline]] Cliff dwellings are entered ONLY with Rangers Ruins and all archeological objects must be left undisturbed. Natural features and public property must not be defaced. National parks are wildlife sanctuaries. Hunting not permitted. Firearms are not permitted. Do not feed, tease or molest birds or other animals. Do not pick wildflowers or damage trees or other vegetation. Fires may be built ONLY in designated campgrounds. Dogs, cats, and other pets must be kept on leashes or in cars at all times. PETS ARE NOT ALLOWED ON TRAILS OR IN PUBLIC BUILDINGS. Do not roll or throw rocks or other objects into the canyons. Someone may be below. Do not throw trash anywhere in Park. USE YOUR TRASH BAG OR TRASH RECEPTACLES. [[underline]] If You Need Information, Ask A Park Ranger! [[/underline]] [[end page]] [[start page]] [[image - road map of portion of Utah]]
[[image - map titled "Welcome to Mesa Verde National Park"; includes several boxes of text throughout map.]] PARK ENTRANCE STATION STOP NO. 5: MANCOS VALLEY OVERLOOK STOP NO. 1: MONTEZUMA VALLEY OVERLOOK STOP NO. 2: PARK POINT FIRE LOOKOUT [[underline]] POINTS of INTEREST [[/underline]] To avoid crossing traffic lanes, visit in numbered order. [[underline]] Look for numbered posts. [[/underline]] 1. Montezuma Valley Overlook. 2. Park Point Fire Lookout Highest elevation in Park, 8572 feet. Spectacular views into four states. 3. Cedar Tree Tower. Prehistoric ceremonial structure. 4. Far View House and Pipe Shrine House. Large, prehistoric Indian villages. 5. Mancos Valley Overlook. STOP NO. 3: CEDAR TREE TOWER [[underline]] PARK HEADQUARTERS [[/underline]] Information, museums, trip schedules, accommodations, meals, campgrounds, store, gas station, saddle horses, post office, first aid station, telephone and telegraph service, campfire circle.
[[start page]] [[pre-printed]] 112 [[/pre-printed]] [[Image- Central Nevada Division Toiyabe National Forest Map]] [[end page]] [[start page]] [[pre-printed]] 113 [[/pre-printed]] [[end page]]
[[preprinted]] 114 [[/preprinted]] [[blank page]] [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted] 115 [[/preprinted]] [[blank page]]
[[start page]] [[pre-printed]] B&PNo 13536 [[/pre-printed]] [[end page]] [[start page]] [[Image - Lassen Volcanic National Park, California brochure. Black and white.]] [[end page]]
[[Image - Lassen Volcanic National Park, California brochure. Front page. Black and white.]]
[[Image - Lassen Volcanic National Park map]]
[[Image - opened brochure of Lassen Volcanic National Park California]]
[[painting of a cat in a basket with pink ribbons and in a blue background]]
[[Image - address side of post card - blank]]
[[stamped]] B&P No 13536 [[/stamped]] [[end page]] [[start page]] 54 508 53 919 [[line indicating subtraction]] 589 13703 123 [[line indication subtraction]] 580 14214 041 [[line indicating subtraction]] 173 15127 14874 [[line indicating subtraction]] 253
[[back cover of journal]]