# Journal of Richard E. Blackwelder, West Indies, vol. 2

ID: SIA Acc. 96-099

Creator: Blackwelder, Richard E.

Form/Genre: Fieldbook record

Date: 1935

Citation: Richard E. Blackwelder Papers, 1926-1964

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## Abstract

This journal contains field notes documenting Richard Blackwelder's research in Puerto Rico, Saint Thomas, Guadeloupe, and Trinidad from 18 September 1935 to 26 December 1935 to study insects, especially beetles. This journal contains 122 pages. Blackwelder also travels to Saint Kitte, Saint Croix, Antigua, Dominica, Martinique, Saint Lucia, and Barbadoes during this trip, but does not seem to collect at those locations. Blackwelder provides descriptions of flora and fauna, especially birds, of his surrounding environment. He also includes elevations, weather information, and other observations. Abundance of insect genera is noted when applicable. Also, description on how specimens were obtained (ex. in cow dung; rotten fruit) is included. Maps for Puerto Rico, Guadeloupe, and Trinidad are included and are annotated to show locations of stations and route taken. Stations visited include station 43-130 (43-64 Puerto Rico, 66-68 Saint Thomas, 69-91 Guadeloupe, 92-130 Trinidad). Index of locations is included in the back. Index of insects is also included. Sketches of plants are included in the back. Examples of localities Blackwelder visited includes Ciales and Olinpo (Puerto Rico); Grande-Terre (Guadeloupe); and Sans Souci and La Brea (Trinidad).

1935

Sep 18, 1935

Dec 26, 1935

## Access Information

Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu.

• Beetles
• Entomology

• Puerto Rico
• Ciales
• La Brea
• Saint Thomas
• Grande-Terre
• Sans Souci

## Form/Genre

• Fieldbook record
• Field notes
• Diary
• Maps

SIA Acc. 96-099

## Collection name

Richard E. Blackwelder Papers, 1926-1964

1 field book

## Physical Location

Smithsonian Institution Archives

## Sublocation

Box 1 Folder 7

[[underline]]Journal[[\underline]] and [[underline]]Field Notes[[\underline]] Sep. 1935 - Dec. 1935 Puerto Rico St. Thomas (St. Kitts) (St. Croix) (Antigua) Guadeloupe (Dominica) (Martinique) (St. Lucia) (Barbados) Trinidad (pt.)
[[blank]]
[[start left-hand page]] [[stamped]] 2 [[/stamp]] Puerto Rico 2. a young fellow sitting on it and opening the sidecar. I ran up and grabbed him, and demanded an explanation. He said he was merely "watching" it, and professed to be a regular "watcher of cars" for the hotel. I made him come back to the hotel, and the proprietress knew him but said he was not in her employ. After that I didn't dare leave the motor out unlocked, so I found a private garage and put it in there for the night. [[left margin note]] IX-19-35 [end margin note]] After breakfast I telephoned to Chardon. When I finally reached him, he made an appointment with us for 11[[underlined superscript]]45[[\superscript]]. We went down town earlier and I bought a suit at Padin's. It cost $6[[underlined superscript]]50[[\superscript]]. We also went to the Department of the Interior and got my Driver's License and permit to drive the motorcycle with [[D.C.?]] license plates. At 11[[underlined superscript]]45[[\superscript]] we went up to Chardon's office. He was having a series of conferences with officials of some sort and we waited a few minutes. We finally went in and were greeted cordially. I think he recognized me, though he apparently hadn't remembered the name over the phone. He dictated a letter of introduction to the Director of the Experiment Station at Rio Piedras and one to the Director at Mayaquez. As we were leaving he gave us an inscribed copy of his [[end page]] [[start right-hand page]] [[stamped page number]] 3 [[\stamp]] 350 page book entitled "Mycological Explorations of Venezuela." It seems to be a very nice work, and will be of some help in identifying fungi from the West Indies. He also told us that the following gentleman will identify Puerto Rican fungi: L.O. Overholts, Dept of Botany, Pennsylvania State College, State College, Pa. In the afternoon we looked for another place to live as the hotel is a little too expensive. We found a nice room in an apartment (rooming?) house on Olimpo Street, just across from the Union Club. It is quite a comfortable room, for$9 a week. We also made arrangements to get meals at the Union Club. It is apparently the only place to get American meals, though they aren't at all cheap, - $15 a week, apiece. [[left margin notation]] IX-20-35 [[end margin note]] Went out to the University again, and had considerable trouble finding out where the Experiment Station is. Finally we took a taxi and arrived there. Our letter from Chardon was to Mr F.A. Lopez Dominguez, the Director, but he was not at the office. So we went around to find Dr. Wolcott by ourselves. We found him in his office in very informal attire, and had a pleasant talk with him for half an hour. He told us where the places are at which one can obtain accommodations [[end page]] [[left page]] [[stamped page number]] 4 [[/stamp]] Puerto Rico 4. and also a little about the roads and the collecting. He offered to loan the very few specimens of Staphylinidae in the collection, and showed me the collecting notes on them. Then he drove us back to town and showed us the Headquarters of the Forest Service. [[left margin note]] IX-21-35 [[end margin note]] Went to town in the morning to get a couple of maps from the Dept. of Interior. There is a charge for the maps of the island, and the one of the city is "for official use only." So I decided to wait till Monday till I could see the Superintendant in charge. Went to the bank to cash the rest of our Traveler's Cheques, and asked if I will have any difficulty cashing a U. S. Treasury check later on. They think not, as they will know me and I'll have other identification. In the afternoon I took the sidecar off the motorcycle and tried to find a repair shop. I stopped a motorcycle cop and asked him where to go, but he couldn't understand any English. We found an interpreter in a Gas Station, and I was told to go to the garage of the Insular Police, on Monday! [[left margin notation]] IX-22-35 [[end margin note]] Sunday. It rained most of the day, so I couldn't go out on the motorcycle. We stayed in our room all day. [[end page]] [[start right page]] [[stamped page number]] 5 [[/stamp]] [[left margin note]] IX-23-35 [[end margin note]] Went to garage of Insular Police and was sent back to Headquarters for authority. There I was told there was a Harley-Davidson agency in town, - Bailey's Motor Service, Inc. I went there and was very favorably impressed. Left the motor all afternoon and overnight. On radio heard of a hurricane in Lesser Antilles, headed this way. Not much worried! [[left margin notation]] IX-24-35 [[end margin note]] Spent most of the day at the garage. Had a very hard time finding out what caused one cylinder to miss continually. Scraped carbon, ground valves, replaced condenser, coil, and battery, without result. [[left margin note]] IX-25-35 [[end margin note]] It rained fitfully all day. Managed between rains to get out to Rio Piedras to the Forest Service Headquarters. Talked with Mr. Geo. A. Gerhart, Asst. for Superv. He said that I could stay at the camp on El Yunque, and that the road was completed beyond the divide. He promised to give me a letter to the superintendant, and gave me a map of Luquillo National Forest. On Monday I went to the Superintendant at the Dept of the Interior and got copies of the blue print map of the island and a map of San Juan and Santurce. More work on the motorcycle. Left it at the garage for the night. [[end page]] [[start page]] [[stamped page number]] 6 [[\stamp]] Puerto Rico 6. [[in margin]] IX-26-35 [[\in margin]] More rain. Got motor fixed finally, and paid a bill of over twenty dollars. [[in margin]] IX-27-35 [[\in margin]] Took sidecar down for a few little adjustments. Then left sidecar at the garage to be stored for$1.00 a month, and rode out along the road to Bayamon. Was caught in a heavy shower, but dried out quickly. No collecting. [[in margin]] IX-28-35 [[\in margin]] Rode out through Rio Piedras and La Muda almost to Caguas, found no place to collect so returned by way of La Muda, Guaynabo, and Rio Piedras. Drove out east of San Juan just past the city limits to a place on the beach where there is a large pile of dead shells. Found a few Staphs. [[underline]]Station 43.[[\underline]] [[in margin]]C. A[[\margin]] Beach near San Juan, P.R. Under dead shells, about ten ^[[(12)]] [[insertion is written in pencil]] Staphs and two Histerids. Along the road a short ways from the beach [[in margin]] B [[\margin]] was a pasture. The dung yielded quite a few ^[[(18)]] [[insertion is written in pencil]] Staphs, [[underline]]Aphodius[[\underline]], and Sphaeridiinae. [[in margin]] IX-29-35 [[\in margin]] Sunday. Rode out on the road to Bayamon to the first hills on the west side of San Juan Bay. [[underline]]Station 44.[[\underline]] The west edge of San Juan Bay. A roadway along a row of steep hills. Got a fair series of Staphs, [[underline]]Aphodius[[\underline]], and Sphaeridiinae as before. There were several species of [[underline]]Aphodius[[\underline]], and more kinds of Staphs. [[end page]] [[start right page]] [[stamped page number]] 7 [[\stamp]] In dung that was completely overgrown with roots of mushrooms, found some Myriapods and one or two small beetles. In the afternoon Ruth and I walked along the beach. I half-heartedly looked for beetles under [[in margin]]Sta.43.A.[[\in margin]] the seaweed. I found a little brown Carabid (?) and that inspired me to look further. Then I found a [[strikethrough]] found a [[\strikethrough]] Staph that seems to be a [[underline]] Cafius [[\underline]]. In an hour or two I got a large series [[in margin, underlined]] 19 Staphs [[\in margin]] of the Carabid, perhaps a dozen of the [[underline]] Cafius [[\underline]], and two other small species of Staphs. This is station 43 as before, though taken nearer town. Ruth started a collection of small shells. [[in margin]] IX-30-35 [[\in margin]] Rode out through Bayamon to Toa Baja and Toa Alta. Stopped to collect at [[underline]] Station 45.[[\underline]] A pasture along the Rio Plata just below Toa Alta at the highway bridge. Had fair success with ^[[(92)]] [[insertion is in pencil]] Staphs, [[underline]]Aphodius[[\underline]], Histerids, and Sphaeridiinae, but found no [[underline]] Canthon [[\underline]] or larger dung beetles. There were four or five Staphs of larger size - 1/2 inch, that are probably [[Xantholiriinae?]]. Bueno! Got a letter from Oakley in Mayaguez inviting me to come there. Spent the afternoon repacking the sidecar and fixing equipment for the trip tomorrow. [[end page]]
[[stamped page number]] 8 [[end stamp]] Puerto Rico 8. [[margin note: strikethrough]] IX-31-35 [[/strikethrough]] Spent morning putting away specimens and [[left margin note]] X-1-35 [[end margin note]] making new cyanide jar and cleaning bottles. After lunch rode to Mayaguez by way of Bayamon, Arecibo, and Aguadilla. The trip was uneventful, - ran into a light shower. In Mayaguez went direct to home of Mr. R.G. Oakley on the Experiment Station grounds. He had offered me a room, etc. We went next door for dinner with Mr. & Mrs. C.L. Horn. Mr. Horn is a horticulturist. There was present also [[strikethrough]] Mr. [[/strikethrough]] [[overwritten]] Dr. [[/overwriting]] & Mrs. S.N. Watson. Dr. Watson is a biometrist. Oakley is an inspector of the Bur of Ento. & Plant Quarantine. He has an office in the Experiment Station. At about ten o'clock he took me down [[left margin, strikeout]] IX-1-35 [[/margin note]] to the lab to see some of his specimens,- the scarabs Ed liked so much, and a few staphs. We had a pleasant talk and got to bed at 12:30. I had a soft double bed to myself and really slept. [[left margin]] X-2-35 [[end margin note]] Went to the Station after breakfast and met several entomologists. Dr. H.L. Dozier, working on screw-worm parasites and interested somewhat in Coccinellidae; Dr. Tullock, mosquitoes; Dr. L.C. McAllister, fruit fly work, administrator of the special work this year; Dr. M.R. Smith, ants; Mr. H.K. Plank, cocoanut insects. Dr. Dozier has been interested in Staphs as possible predators of screw worm larvae. He has found [[end page]] [[start page]] [[stamped page number]] 9 [[end stamp]] two species in dung with larvae which can be definitely associated. He has made slides of the larvae and was attracted by an apparent biramous condition of the antennae. The penultimate segment bears the short ultimate and a large conical lobe,- undoubtedly a modified seta. He promised to send specimens to Voris and to me. Dr. Tullock gave me several copies of a mimeographed map of the island to use in my notebook. We tried to find Mr. Atherton Leo, the Director, but he was out, so I left my letter from Witmore. Then Mr. Oakley took me over to the home of Dr. Danforth, professor of zoology at the University. He showed us a box half - full of Staphs, mostly small and apparently common things, - no Tachyporinae at all, and invited us to come back in the evening for a longer session. Dr Dozier asked me to tell Dr. Chapin that he is correlating adults and larvae of the Staphs he sent in ^[[under a Bishop No.]] and would appreciate determinations if possible. If there are no objections he would like to send duplicates to Voris. After lunch Mr. Oakley took me out to [[underlined]] Station 46. [[/underlined]] Pasture at edge of a marshy lake,- Lake Cartagena, 3 miles east of Bokueron, 20 miles south of Mayaguez.
[[left-hand page]] [[stamped page number]] 10 [[end stamp]] Puerto Rico 10. [[left margin note, written in black ink]] A [[end margin note]] We collected in dung for about an hour, finding best results close to waters edge. Found several species ^[[(29)]] [[insertion written in pencil]] of Staphs, at least two species of [[underline]] Aphodius [[/underline]] or [[underline]] Ataenius [[/underline]] , a Byrrhid, two specimens of one of [[left margin note, written in black ink]] B [[end margin note]] the small Coprinae. Then tried beating several flowering trees, including a Puerto Rican elm. Here we obtained one Tachyporine, many other small beetles, two large Elaterids, and several [[underline]] Diabrotiea [[/underline]]. After dinner we went down to Dr. Danforth's again. He gave me a lot of detailed information on some of the Lesser Antilles. He lives by himself in a fairly large house, keeping parrots, monkeys, a mongoose, several rats, etc., etc. He was very pleasant, and apparently is well fitted to give advice on the islands as he goes ^[[to]] some one of them every year for collecting birds. Mr. Oakley directed my attention to Max Kisliuk, 844 Federal Bldg., Christopher St., New York City, who studied fruit flies in the West Indies in 1931-32, following the same route as ours from Jamaica to Trinidad and beyond. He is a Plant Quarantine Inspector. He might be able to give pointers on collecting localities. Just before dinner we met Mr. Atherton Lee on the Station grounds, and also Dr. Hawkins, a sterilization expert, attached to the Bureau of Entomology. [[end page]] [[right-hand page]] [[stamped page number, upper right]] 11 [[end stamp]] [[left margin note]] X-3-35 [[end margin notation]] Mr. Oakley took me along the road from Mayaguez past Maricao about 18 kilometres to [[underline]] Station 47. [[/underline]] About 13 miles north of Yauco, or the same distance east of Maricao, on top of hill at elevation of about 3000 feet. We walked two or three kilometers east from the [[left margin note, written in pencil and underlined]] + 11 Staphs [[end pencil note]] [[left margin note, written in black ink]] A [[end margin note]] three-way intersection and collected in ^[[(162)]] [[insertion written in pencil]] dung [[left margin note, written in black ink]] B [[end margin note]] and rotten guava ^[[(59)]] [[insertion written in pencil]] fruit, with good results. We tried beating but got no Staphs. Then we went several kilometers farther and repeated in dung. We must have taken about fifteen species of Staphylinidae, two small species of Coprinae, a few Aphodiinae, a few Sphaeridiinae, one large Melolonthinae, some Nitidrilids, etc. Most of the Staphs were taken in fine series. This took about four hours, and as the ride took two hours each way, that was our day. Got a letter from Ruth. I mailed a short note to her last night. After dinner Mr. Oakley and I spent the evening looking at my maps and discussing collecting places and trips for the rest of our stay in Puerto Rico. He also wrote out for me a few handy sentences in Spanish to get me into farms, etc. to collect. [[end page]]
[[left-hand page]] [[stamped page number]] 14 [[\stamp]] Puerto Rico 14. found ^[[(131)]] [[insertion written in pencil]] Staphs, Hisferids, Scarabs, and several other beetles. Flying were two Lampyrids, [[left margin note, written in pencil and underlined]] 1 Staph [[end margin note]] an [[underline]] Agabus [[/underline]] , a green Carabid, a small Scarab, and a Chrysomelid. Mr. Oakley presented me with 19 Staphs taken at Mayaguez on IX-23-35 under dung by H.L. Dozier. After lunch with the Oakley's, I started back for San Juan. Made the trip in four hours. Ran over one dog, but had no other mishaps. [[left margin note]] X-6-35 [[end margin note]] Went for a walk on the beach. Collected under seaweed but found only one Staph - a Tachyporine. A small Scarab (?) was common in the sand to a depth of six inches. The brown and black Carabids were also common again. Opened the bag of fungus collected near Jayuya. Found a large number of small [[left margin note, written in pencil and underlined]] (805) [[end margin note]] Staphs of two or three species (only one common), many Scolytids, and a few Pseudoscorpions. At the club met Mr. W.P. Awrey, an inspector of the Bureau of Plant Quarantine here. [[left margin note]] X-7-35 [[end margin note]] Went to National City Bank to cash check for $900 which came from Dorsey [[strikethrough]]last[[/strikethrough]] yesterday. There was no trouble about it. Then I went over to the Ochoa Bldg. to the Bureau of Plant Quarantine. I met Mr. McCubbin, the chief, and then Mr. Mills, one of the inspectors. Mills [[end of page]] [[right-hand page]] [[stamped page number, upper right]] 15 [[end stamp]] showed me the very small collection of insects, and arranged to take me out with him in the afternoon. After lunch he came by and we drove out a few kilometers past Bayamon to a [[strikethrough]] pineapple [[/strikethrough]] grapefruit packing plant where the cull-pile seemed to offer possibilities. [[underline]] Station 51. [[/underline]] 5 miles west of Bayamon. The cull-pile of a [[strikethrough]] pineapple [[/strikethrough]] grapefruit packing plant. Fruit in all stages of decay. Found about three ^[[(5)]] [[insertion written in pencil]] Staphs (only 2 species), many Nitidulids, a Forficielid, and a large series of some oval beetle. Were stopped after ten minutes by a heavy rain. Drove back to Bayamon and along a road southward for several kilometers. [[underline]] Station 52. [[/underline]] 2 miles southwest of Bayamon. A pasture overgrown with grass. A few ^[[(13)]] [[insertion written in pencil]] Staphs and Sphaeridiinae, and an [[underline]] Aphodius [[/underline]]. On way home stopped to look at rotting alinendos at roadside. Found nothing. [[underline]] Station 58. [[/underline]] Road between San Juan and Bayamon. A specimen of [[underline]] Metamasius [[/underline]] flew into the car. In the evening finished working over the bag of fungus. Tiny Staphs were very abundant. There must be many hundred. [[end page]] [[start page]] [[stamped]] 16 [[/stamp]] Puerto Rico 16. [[left margin]] X-8-35 [[end margin note]] Took the sidecar off today, and at 10 o'clock started on a circle tour of the eastern end of the island. Route was Rio Piedras, Caguas, Gurabo, San Lorenzo, Humacao, Ceiba, Fajardo, Luquilla, Mameyes, Rio Piedras, and San Juan. Rode in the rain from Caguas to Humacao, so had a chance to try my raincoat. It works very well. [[underline]]Station 54.[[/underline]] 5 miles east of Humacao, a roadway in a pasture. The usual assortment from dung, including ^[[(32)]] [[insertion written in pencil]] Staphs, Sphaeridiinae, & Aphodiinae. [[underline]]Station 55.[[/underline]] 7 miles east of Humacao, on the beach. Under seaweed found one Staph ( [[underline]] Cafius[[/underline]] ?), and the same Carabids and smaller beetles as at San Juan. [[underline]]Station 56.[[/underline]] 15 miles northeast of Humacao, on the beach. Two of the [[underline]]Cafius[[/underline]] and one smaller Staph. One Aphodiinae and two common beetles. [[underline]]Station 57.[[/underline]] 5 miles west of Mameyes, in a pasture. Found same assortment under dung. ^[[(26 Staphs)]] [[insertion written in pencil]] Was interrupted by the major domo, who spoke a little English. He was interested in where the specimens would go, and asked what the Americans think of Italo-Ethiopian war! [[end page]] [[start right-hand page]] [[stamped]] 17 [[/stamp]] [[margin note]] X-9-35 [[/margin note]] Left at 8 [[underlined superscript]]30 [[/superscript]] A.M. for El Yunque. By ten o'clock I was beyond the peak and two kilometers past the end of the "auto" road! After asking [[strikethrough]]anyone[[/strikethrough]] everyone in sight where I could find Luis Martorell, I had no more idea than before. The letter from Mr. Gerhart was addressed to him at Robinson Crusoe Cabin, so I went up there, [[strikethrough]]l[[/strikethrough]] a half kilometer up the trail from the swimming pool. No one up there ever heard of Martorell, so I went on up the path for a couple of kilometers. I stopped to collect under rubbish on the edge of a stream and found half a dozen Staphs. The forest is a real "dripping forest." It rains several times every day and even the surface never dries out. Beating or sweeping would be nearly impossible, but the epiphytes might yield something. When I went back down I asked several other foremen without stirring up a spark of recognition in anyone. I guess I'll have to get Gerhart to make an appointment with Martorell for me later on. [[underline]]Station 58.[[/underline]] El Yunque Peak. Elevation 2800 feet. ^[[(probably only 2000 ft. XII-18-36)]][[insertion written in black ink]]. Rubbish along stream. Several specimens of ^[[(8)]] [[insertion written in pencil]] Staphs. [[end page]] [[start page]] [[stamped]] 18 [[/stamp] Puerto Rico 18. Also one tiny yellow beetle under dead bark. Returned home in time for lunch, and spent afternoon writing letters & keeping accounts. [[margin note]] X-10-35 [[/margin note]] Had arranged to meet Oakley for a trip in region around Ponce, but he wrote that he couldn't make it. I went anyway. Route was Rio Piedras, Caguas, Cayey, Aibonito, Coamo, Juana Diaz, and Ponce, returning through Santa Isabel, Salinas, Guayama, Cayey, and Caguas. I was headed for Matrullas, above Villalba, but missed the road and ran into continual rains. [[underline]]Station 59.[[/underline]] 5 miles southwest of Aibonito on road to Coamo. A small hillside pasture. Collected in cow dung. ^[[(2 Staphs)]] [[insertion written in pencil]] Returned from Ponce after lunch by way of the coastal plain to avoid the continual rains. [[underline]]Station 60.[[/underline]] 5 miles west of Salinas on road from Ponce. A mud flat. A nice series of ^ [[(44)]] [[insertion written in pencil]] Staphs, etc. under horse or mule dung. Missed the road near Aibonito and went as far as Barranquitas. Later took wrong road from Guayana and had to retrack. This was a hard day's trip, but one that took me through some very fine country. The road from Guayama to Cayey is the most scenic route I've seen in the West Indies so far. [[end page]] [[start page]] [[stamped]] 19 [[/stamp]] [[left margin note]] X-11-35 [[/margin note]] Friday. A day of rest and letter-writing. Also cleaned a large number of vials, etc. [[left margin note]] X-12-35 [[/margin note]] Set out again to visit the locality described to me by Oakley. This time went by way of Bayamon, Vega Alta, Ciales, and the road to Villalba. At kilometer [[strikethrough]]36[[/strikethrough]] ^[[?]] turned off to east and rode about 12 kilometers on a rough road to a sign giving the altitude as 3198 ft. It also says "Carretera Mas Alta de Puerto Rico." I found there had been no cattle about for weeks, at least, but I found a few of the usual Staphs in horse manure in the road,--also one of the small Coprinae. At the same place in excrement I got some very different Staphs. [[underline]]Station 61.[[/underline]] Near Matrallas, north of Villalba, on a Forest [[in margin, written in black ink]] A, B [[/in margin]] Service road. Dung ^[[(8 Staphs)]] [[insertion written in pencil]] and excrement ^[[B]] [[insertion written in black ink]] (separate). [[underline]]Station 62.[[/underline]] Kilometer 32 (from Manati) on road from Ciales to Villalba. A pasture with horses on hill overlooking road. Four or five species of ^[[(18)]] [[insertion written in pencil]] Staphs and one [[underline]]Aphodius[[/underline]]. At station 61, I also took two round black [[in margin, written in black ink]] Sta. 61. C.[[/in margin]] beetles from the base of one of the epiphytes related to the pineapple. Went on into Ponce for lunch and returned over the [[strikethrough]]s[[/strikethrough]] pass without stopping. [[end page]] [[start page]] [[preprinted]]20[[/preprinted]] Puerto Rico 20 [[underline]]Station 63.[[/underline]] 5 kilometers north of Ciales on road to Manati. Edge of a large river [[^]](Rio Manati)[[/^]]. Under pebbles & flying. Came home through Manati and Vega Baja. [[underline]]Station 64.[[/underline]] Kilometer 32, [[^]](from Manati)[[/^]] on road from Ciales to Villalba. Sifting in deep leaves in a gully. Several species of [[^]](41)[[^/]] Staphs and some other beetles. This is the first good place I've found for sifting. [[notation in left margin]] X-13-35 [[/notation]] Sunday. Mr. Oivrey brought in a vial with a specimen of [[underline]]Philonthus[[/underline]], from Mills. It is probably correctly associated with this data: At light, Bayamon, P.R.; May 15, 1932; Mssrs. Lasesnes & Anderson. We went out into the back yard to look at a large almendro (almond tree). The fruits were plentiful and decaying, but no Staphs were found. In a toadstool I took three Staphs. [[underline]]Station 65[[/underline]]. Vicinity of Olimpo Court Apts., Santurce, P.R. Various days. A Scarab dead on sidewalk. A firefly in grass. Several things flying to light in the room. Fungus today. The other day Mills showed me a list of the genera of Staphs sent in from P.R. and identified by the Museum. W = listed in the [[end page]] [[start page]] [[folded map inserted over all but the final four lines of notes. ]] some filing cards (1000 3x5 for 1.25), and made reservations at the Bull Insular Line for our passage to St. Thomas on Thursday, the 17[[superscript]]th.[[/superscript]] The tickets will be ready on Wednesday. [[end page]] [[IMAGE of map on sheet of paper pasted over journal page 21. Map is printed in black and has certain lines over-written in red pencil. Various locations have been keyed by hand in blue ink with circled numbers. The locations have been printed black capital letters. There are also notations hand-written in black using inch and degree signs.]] [[map has page numbers penciled at upper left and right corners]] 21 22 [[Map is titled at bottom]] MAP OF PUERTO RICO [[Place names and notations follow, more or less left-to-right and top-to-bottom.]] [[row 1]] ISABELA 51.5" 78° ARECIBO 59.5" BARCELONETA MANATI VEGA BAJA DORADO SAN JUAN [[row 2]] AGUADILLA [[CIRCLED NUMBERS]] 45 51 52 53 44 65 43 RIO PIEDRAS LOIZA (OLD) [[CIRCLED NUMBER]]59 RIO GRANDE LUCUILLO [[row 3]] MOCA AGUADA RINGON SAN SEBASTIAN FLORIDA [[CIRCLED NUMBER]]63 CIALES COROZAL [[CIRCLED NUMBER]] 58 FAJARDO 3/4 64" 79° [[row 4]] LAS MARLAS 99" LARES 969"-74" STAUDO [[CIRCLED NUMBER]] 62 JAYUY [[CIRCLE NUMBERS]] 64 61 OROCOVIS BARRANCUITAS AGUA BUENAS GURABO CAGUAS SAN LORENZO [[CIRCLED NUMBER]] 56 [[ROW 5]] [[CIRCLED NUMBER]]50 MAYAGUEZ 81.8" 77° HORMIGUEROS MARICAO 108" 73° [[CIRCLED NUMBER]] 47 [[CIRCLED NUMBER]] 49 ADJUNTAS [[CIRCLED NUMBER]] 48 VILLALBA [[CIRCLED NUMBER]] 59 ALBONITO CAYEY HUILACAO [[CIRCLED NUMBERS]] 54 55 [[ROW 6]] CABO ROJO [[CIRCLED NUMBER]] 46 LAJAS SAN GERMAN 65" 77° YAUCO PENUELAS JUANA DIAZ GOAMO YABUCOA [[ROW 7]] GUANICA 27.7" PONCE 34"-78" SANTA ISABLE SALINAS [[CIRCLED NUMBER]] 60 [[PLACE NAME HAND-WRITTEN]] Aquira 41.9" 79° GUAYAMA PATILLAS MANUABO [[END MAP]] [[This is journal entry that was obscured by folded map of Puerto Rico previously described]] [[stamped page number in upper right]] 23 Wolcott list; N=not listed, -new to Puerto Rico. [[underline]] Apocellus [[/underline]] (N), [[underline]] Atheta [[/underline]] (N), [[underline]] Belonuchus gagotes[[/underline]] (W), [[underline]] Crypsobium [[/underline]] (W), [[underline]] Conosoma [[/underline]] (N), [[underline]] Euaesthetus [[/underline]] (N), [[underline]] Erchomus [[/underline]] (W), [[underline]] Falagria [[/underline]] (W), [[underline]] Gyrophaena [[/underline]] (N), [[underline]] Holotrochus [[/underline]] (W), [[underline]] Myrmedonia [[/underline]] (W), [[underline]] Osorius [[/underline]] (N), [[underline]] Philonthus [[/underline]] (W), [[underline]] Palaminus [[/underline]] (N), [[underline]] Stilicopsis [[/underline]] (W), and [[underline]] Xantholinus [[/underline]] (W). Oakley told me of a Mr. Lahenian in Trinidad (headquarters) who is collecting fruit fly parasites for the Bureau of Entomology. He also told me of Marc Kisliuk, 844 Federal Bldg., Christopher Str., N.Y.C., who recently made a trip collecting fruit flies in the West Indies and followed our route from Jamaica to Trinidad. 1931-32. He is a Plant Quarantine Inspector. [[notation in left margin]]X-14-35[[/margin note]]I had planned to ^[[go]] back to El Yunque today, but it rained during the night and almost continually all day, so I didn't even start. Went to town in morning to get my fountain pen fixed, mail, package of motor parts from Customs, etc. In the afternoon I bought some stationery, a hot-water bag for Ruth, some filing cards (1000 3x5 for$1.25), and made reservations at the Bull Insular Line for our passage to St. Thomas on Thursday, the 17[[superscript]]th.[[/superscript]] the tickets will be ready on Wednesday. [[end page]]
[[left-hand page]] [[stamped page number, upper left]] 24 [[/stamp]] Puerto Rico 24. [[left margin]] X-15-35 [[/margin note]] When we first landed in Puerto Rico our radio didn't work very well so I changed all the tubes. Since then we have gotten good reception at night, but can't pick up anything but local stations in the daytime. The following ^[[long-wave]] stations were received in San Juan: WKAQ and WNEL, San Juan, P.R.; WSB, Atlanta, Ga.; WBT, Charlotte, N.C.; WSM, Nashville, Tenn.; WHAS, Louisville, Ky.; WCAU, Philadelphia; WEAF and WABC, New York; WBZ, Boston; WGY, Schenectady; WHAM, Rochester; KDKA, Pittsburgh; WLW, Cincinnati; WTAM, Cleveland; WJR, Detroit; WGN, Chicago; WHO, Des Moines; XEFO, Mexico City. On short wave: COCH, Havana, Cuba; YV3BC, Caracas, Venezuela; W3XAU, Philadelphia; W8XK, Pittsburgh; W2XAF, Schenectady; GSB, London, England; FYA, Paris, France; DJD, Berlin, Germany. When we were in Jamaica we heard on short-wave: W8XK, W2XAF, DJA, GSE, FYA, and also YV11BMO, Maracaibo, Venezuela; HJ4ABC, ? (Span.Am.); HKE, Bogota, Colombia; C09JC, Santiago, Cuba; and H84ABA, Medellin, Colombia. In Haiti heard also , Port-au-Prince, Haiti. Frequently we can get a program better on the long-wave, as from WLW, but sometimes the static is too noisy for anything but the short wave stations. [[end left-hand page]] [[right-hand page]] [[stamped page number, upper right]] 25 It rained again more or less continually all day. I managed to write a few letters, clean up bottles, and pack away the large accumulation of [[strikethrough]] vials [[/strikethrough]] specimens in vials. Also spent several hours writing cards for the definitions of entomological terms given in Snodgrass' new book. Yesterday I bought 1000 3x5 Cards (for $1.25) and I expect to use most of them on this one volume. In the evening we went to a movie, - very likely the last in some months. It won't particularly break [[underlined]] my [[/underlined]] heart. [[left margin]] X-16-35 [[/margin note]] Rode the motorcycle down to get the sidecar. Then home to take out things we'll need, and put in the extras that we won't. Then I went to town, [[strikethrough]] and [[/strikethrough]] got our S.S. tickets ($16.00) and put the motor in storage at Bailey's. He will charge me $2.50 per month. After lunch went to town again to mail a parcel containing books and clothes to Washington, things we don't need (or never did!). Finished packing specimens and fastening on the corks of vials to go in the alcohol tank. Also washed a lot of vials. Did some more typing on the cards. Ruth pretends to think it's a terrible waste of time! Always that way about my filing systems!! [[end right-hand page]] [[left-hand page]] [[stamped page number]] 26 [[end stamp]] Puerto Rico 26, and final. [[notation in left margin]] X-17-35 [[end margin note]] In morning went to town to buy a suit ($4.50!), and make arrangements for the trunk. For lunch Ruth and I went to the Aquarium Restaurant. It is the place at which most of the Americans eat in town. Then we went back to the apartment and finished packing. The men came for the baggage at five, and, after paying Mr. Antmeyer, we went back to town. Left our bundles at the dock, and went to the Aquarium again for dinner. Got aboard the s.s. Catherine about 8 o'clock, and sailed about 10. Our cabin was small, but the berths more comfortable than I expected. The boat was unusually full this trip. I put some whiting on my helmet, - it needed it badly. [[image: map drawn in blue/black ink of large island surrounded by several small ones. Lines drawn in red to show road or geographical area. Section colored in to show specific area. The large island is marked as follows]] ST. THOMAS St. Thomas [[circled numbers]] 66 67 68 [[end left-hand page]] [[right-hand page]] St. Thomas I. [[stamped page number]] 27 [[left margin note]] X-18-35 [[end margin note]] Arrived at island of St.Thomas in the Virgin group, and entered the harbour of the town of St. Thomas about 7 o'clock, A.M. The boat came up to the public wharf at the southeast corner of the bay, opposite the town. We arranged to leave our trunk on the pier, and then took a taxi to the Kreuger's Hotel, which had been recommended by Danforth. We were told however that they had accommodations for men only, so we went across the street to Taylor's "1829" Hotel. We got a large old-fashioned room for $2.00 a day apiece - board included. This was less than Danforth had quoted. We had breakfast right away, and spent the rest of the day trying to get accustomed to the poorest accommodations we've had so far. [[margin note]] X-19-35 [[end margin note]] In the morning we went to the agent of the American Caribbean Line to see about reservations. We were surprised to learn that the ship we had planned to take had left the day we arrived, - changed schedule. The next one would be two weeks later! However, there is a Furness boat leaving on Tuesday (or perhaps Monday) and we turned our attention to their agent. He seemed to be rather irresponsible, but thought [[end page]] [[left-hand page]] [[stamped page number, upper left corner]] 28 [[end stamp]] St. Thomas 2. there was little chance of our not being able to get passage to Guadeloupe. In the afternoon we walked part way up the hill back of the hotel and got a fine view of the city and harbor. Took a photograph of it. About 600 ft. elev. [[left margin note]] X-20-35 [[end margin note]] Sunday. Planned to take a survey drive about the island today, but got up so late that we decided to do it after lunch. Yesterday I wrote and mailed a letter to Ed, with the third monthly report. [[margin notation, in black ink]] [[underscore]] Photo #30 [[/underscore]] #31. [[end margin note]] Today I wrote the list of stations to go in my next letter. At 2[[underlined superscript]]45 [[end underlined superscript]] the driver arrived and we started out to see the island. We went up to Bluebeard's Castle and then over the road to the eastern end of the island, making a loop and returning the same way. We saw many cattle, and stopped to take a picture and collect in dung. [[underscore]] Station 66. [[/underscore]] Cassi Hill, about 4 miles east of town of St. Thomas, near eastern end of island. [[left margin notation, written in pencil, underlined]] 10 Staphs [[end margin note]] Collected only a few minutes in cow dung. At Smith's Bay we got out, but as there was no seaweed, there was no collecting. We returned through town and drove through Cha Cha Town on the west. This [[end left-hand page]] [[right-hand page]] [[stamped page number, upper right corner]] 29 is the French settlement, and is one of the poorest places I've seen anywhere. We then drove on to Lindbergh Bay and the C.C.C.Camp. From there we could see Sail Rock, and even Puerto Rico. This trip took us just three hours, though we traveled less than 30 miles. For this we paid$7.50, though I'm sure the boy had agreed to [[strikethrough]] pay [[/strikethrough]] charge us $2.00 an hour. Mr. Taylor thought that he should have done it for$5.00. When we got back to the hotel we met a gentleman from St. John, Mr. Davis, who is caretaker or tenant or something on the property of Mr. Boulton, whom I met in Puerto Rico (at Mr. Bailey's garage). He said that St. John had a white population of 3, a black one of 350, had lots of cattle and virgin country, with horseback trails, could be reached by government launch occasionally or by chartered launch for 5 or 6 dollars. (for the day, and roundtrip). Near Jersey Bay at the southeastern corner of the island we saw a place where there might be some collecting. It was a series of large piles of conch shells, which the natives had fished up. They use the meat for food, but there might be some decay. [[end page]]
[[left-hand page]] [[stamped page number]] 30 [[/stamp]] St. Thomas 4. [[left margin note]] X-21-35 [[/margin note]] Not being sure whether our boat, the Nerissa, leaves today or tomorrow, we couldn't plan anything for today. The agent says it will not be till tomorrow, so this afternoon I'll try to get out somewhere. We went down to Mr. Taylor's shop, and bought some postcards. We also left some films to be developed. Then we went down to the Harbour Office, where Capt. Simmons sold us a U.S.P. & G.S. map of St. Thomas, and one of St. Croix for 25¢ each. They are nice maps. He told us that the government launch goes to St. John every two weeks, and one can go over in the morning, spend all day (8 to 4) and catch the launch returning. Got another set of photos [[strikethrough]] aga [[/strikethrough]] today. #25. Looking northwest from the road between Santiago and Puerto Plata, a few miles from the latter. Sept. 8, 1935. #26. Looking north from road from Santiago to San Jose de las Matas. Overlooking the valley west of Santiago. Sept. 6, 1935. Looking down about 500 feet on rolling hills freshly cleared. Overexposed. #27. A typical fence of the northern parts of the Dominican Republic. Taken near Janico, south of Santiago. Sept. 6, 1935. [[end page]] [[start right-hand page]] [[stamped page number]] 31 [[/stamp]] #28. (Ruined because the rear lens of camera rattled loose. Next picture also scratched.) #29. Taken for clouds, from road just west of Santiago. Sept. 7, 1935. This picture was taken after I had readjusted the rear lens, but after the [[strikethrough]] lens [[/strikethrough]] negative had been scratched. #30. St. Thomas; The town and harbour. From 600 feet above the town to the north. October 20, 1935. The rear lens is apparently getting loose again. This picture was exposed for the sea and sky,--therefore overexposed. In the afternoon we walked through town and out about a mile to a pasture on the old racetrack. This was [[underlined]] Station 67. [[/underlined]] [[left margin note, written in pencil]] + [[underline]]24 Staphs[[/underline]] [[/margin note]] One mile east of St. Thomas. Collected only in dung, but got a fairly good series. ^[[underlined, written in pencil]] 1 Staph [[/underlined]] [[underlined]]Station 68. [[/underlined]] St. Thomas, V.I. Flying to light in the Taylor's 1829 Hotel. Quite a few ^[[(30)]] [[insertion written in pencil]] Staphs, as well as Scarabs, an Aedemerid, and various other small things. Found out the boat leaves tomorrow noon. Our three-day stop here hasn't resulted in many specimens, tho it wasn't expected to. [[end page
[[left-hand page]] [[stamped page number]] 32 [[/stamp]] St. Thomas 6, final. St. Kitts 1, final. St. Croix 1, final. Antigua, 1. [[left margin note]] X-22-35 [[/margin note]] Went to Furness Line Agent to get tickets. Had to argue hard to persuade him to give us round-trip tickets (10% discount). These take us to Guadeloupe and return with any stopovers we wish. Paid our bill at the hotel and went aboard the R.M.S. Nerissa in time for lunch. We had a [[left margin note, written in black ink]] [[underlined]] Photo #32 [[/underlined]] #33, #34 [[/margin note]] fine view of the island from outside the harbour and I took a picture of St. Thomas and one of St. Croix from about midway between them. At 4 P.M. we reached Fredericks-sted at the western end of the island ^[[of St. Croix]], and I took a photograph looking north from the harbour to show the volcanic cones and lava flows. In the dining saloon we had a private table with a very nice steward. The table was #6, and the steward served also #26 ^[[(?)]]. We sailed from St. Croix after dark, with a very calm sea. [[left margin note]] X-23-35 [[/margin note]] Arrived at St. Kitts early in the morning and sailed at noon. I think I took two ^[[(?)]] pictures while in this vicinity. At 4[[underlined superscript]]30[[/superscript]] P.M. we arrived at Antigua, which appears to have a splendid harbour. However, it was apparently too shallow to permit us to go closer to the town than about 1 1/2 miles. I went ashore and hired a car to do an errand or two. First to the Colonial Secretary's office for mail (two letters were waiting, and a caretaker found them for me!), [[end page]] [[start right-hand page]] Antigua 2, final. Guadeloupe 1. [[stamped page number, upper right]] 33 [[/stamp]] and then to leave forwarding addresses at the Agents for Furness, American Caribbean, and Canadian National s.s. cos. I then walked through the town, up around the football field, past the Colonial Secretary's office and the cathedral; and had to wait nearly an hour for the return boat. On the trip from St. Kitts to Antigua we passed an island on the starboard. This was Montserrat, and we went there from Antigua, arriving at midnight and sailing at 2 A.M. Needless to say, we weren't up to see it. [[left margin note]] X-24-35 [[/margin note]] Anchored off Basse-Terre, on the southwest coast of Guadeloupe about 7 A.M. This side of the island is very steep and abrupt, without any coastal plain. I took a picture of the southwest corner just as we rounded it on the way to Pointe-a-Pitre. We arrived at the latter about 11 A.M. but did not go up to the dock. We went ashore in a rowboat (1 sh. each and 2 sh. for bags), went to the Custom's House where we were required to open [[underlined]] two [[/underlined]] of our eight bags! Then we had to hire a boy to take our baggage to the Grand Hotel des Antilles ($1.00). We got a room and had lunch, and then started out to do some errands. I went to the Royal Bank of Canada to get local money and changed$100.00 at the rate of 15 francs to the dollar. Then I [[end page]]
[[start left-hand page]] [[stamped page number]] 34 [[/stamp]] Guadeloupe 2. went to the British Consulate (as there is no American one on the island) to ask questions. Where is the best place to stay? Can I rent a car without driver? Do I need to register with the Police or immigration officials? He was very accommodating, walking all over town with me to fix things. We found a man who will rent me a car for 1 1/4 francs a mile (less gasoline). We went to see a small local museum in which there are thirty or forty boxes of insects, including two of Staphs, but they are all foreign, unlabelled, and very dirty. Then we went to three places to get our trunk out of Customs (I didn't have to open it at all!). On the 23 [[underlined superscript]]rd[[/superscript]] we went over our plans and made out an entirely new one, including a stay of 4 weeks on Guadeloupe, then a month on each of the other islands, then four months on Cuba, and one on each of Jamaica, Haiti, Santo Domingo, and Puerto Rico. This would save a great deal of time and expense, and allow me to take the motorcycle to three smaller islands. I wrote Ed for his opinion of the plan, and wrote Mr. Bailey in San Juan to ship the motorcycle to Trinidad at once. This plan will be very much more satisfactory than the previous one. [[end page]] [[start right-hand page]] [[stamped page number, upper right]] 35 [[/stamp]] [[left margin note]] X-25-35 [[/margin note]] We had made arrangements to hire the car today to drive to Basse-Terre and St. Claude. In the morning I went to the office of the National Gendarmerie to get a driver's license. They telephoned to [[strikethrough]] Poi [[/strikethrough]] Basse-Terre and finally decided that I [[underline]] would [[/underline]] need one but could get it only in the capital. One of the gendarmes was recently in Cayenne, [[strikethrough]] and [[/strikethrough]] escorting a prisoner, and while there collected some large butterflies, moths, beetles, scorpions, and hummingbirds, and mounted them in two large boxes. The owner was not in at that time, but one of the other gendarmes indicated that if I would come back, he might be willing to give them to me. I shan't go! After lunch we waited for the car to arrive. It came at two-thirty and we started across. Most of the flat parts of the island seem to be in sugarcane, and it was frequently so high that couldn't over it. But we had several fine views of the mountains, including Soufrière and several smaller volcanic cones. We arrived in Basse-Terre about 4[[underlined superscript]]30[[/superscript]] and went immediately to the office of the Treasurer to pay the 100.25 francs for permit to drive. The receipt we then took to the Chief of the 2[[superscript]]nd[[/superscript]] Bureau, M. Zerbid, who escorted us over to find the man [[end page]]
[[start left-hand page]] [[stamped page number upper left]] 38 [[/stamp]] Guadeloupe 6. After a large lunch we rested and wrote in journals, and at four o'clock started for a walk up the road beyond Matouba. We went about two kilometers, practically to the end. At dinner time I caught several brown Scarabs at light. This will be [[underlined]] Station 69.[[/underlined]] Auberge de la Riviere Rouge, Matouba, 3 kilometers northeast of St. Claude, Guadeloupe, 2100 feet el. Flying to light. (X-26-35 to XI-9-35) [[margin note]] X-27-35 Sunday [[/margin note]] Started out at 8 A.M. northward along the coast from Basse-Terre. The road is paved for some miles. We stopped just at [[underlined]] Station 70.[[/underlined]] Nine kilometers north of Basse-Terre. A grassy slope along the road. I collected in dung, getting [[left margin note, underlined, written in pencil]] 21 Staphs [[end margin note]] a fair series; and Ruth filled a vial with Chrysomelids from a bush. I found one tiny black scale on a grass leaf. A little farther on we stopped at [[underlined]] Station 71. [[/underlined]] Between Marigot and Bouillante, along the road. Sweeping netted a large number of spiders, and one or two Coccinellids. Shortly after this the pavement ended and the road becomes merely a double track, and is very steep in spots. [[end page]] [[start right-hand page]] [[stamped page number, upper right]] 39 [[/stamp]] [[underlined]] Station 72. [[/underlined]] Three kilometers south of Pointe Noire, a [[margin note, in black ink]] A [[/margin note]] small valley occupied by a cacao grove. A pile of the blackened decaying pods yielded nothing in the sieve, but under what was obviously a mass of the inner part of one fruit were many Nitidulids, many [[underlined]] Calitys[[/underlined]], and quite a few of one species of Staph. [[penciled]] (5) [[/pencil]] We drove a few kilometers past Pointe Noire but were stopped by a hill that our little car wouldn't pull. We came back through the town, bought some bananas for lunch, and stopped to eat at Station 72. After lunch I [[margin note, in black ink]] B [[/margin note]] collected in fungus, obtaining some large black ants, a small Scolytid or something, and three slender ^[[(2)]] [[insertion written in pencil]] Staphs, not ever seen before. As it had been raining for some time, we found further collecting hard, and started for home. There are no sandy beaches of any size on this coast. Most everything is gravel. We did stop at one small black sand beach, but seaweed was scarce, and I saw nothing but ants,--not even amphipods. Got back without mishap, but a little early, and had to wait nearly two hours for dinner. 7[[underlined superscript]]30[[/superscript]] is the hour, and I certainly don't appreciate it! [[end page]]
[[start page]] [[stamped page number]] 40 [[end stamp]] Guadaloupe 8. [[left margin note]] X-28-35 [[end margin note]] Today we stayed at home. Ruth had a cold and stayed in bed all day to keep warm. Wrote letters to Ferrie, Reineck, Darlington, Adamson. Managed to catch a few things in flowers. [[underlined]]Station 73.[[/underlined]] Same as Sta. 69. On flowers, one large weevil like a [[underlined]] diaprepes. [[/underlined]] Under rotting pussa ^[[?]] leaves, two [[underlined]] Metamasius [[/underlined]]weevils, and a couple of [[strikethrough]]S [[/strikethrough]] small beetles. In flowers also four of the long slender Staph-like Nitidulids. Did quite a bit of discussing of the new schedule, and some speculating as to how finances will work out. [[left margin note]] X-29-35 [[end margin note]] Started out to do some collecting after breakfast. "Gin," the dog went with me. Went about a kilometer east of Matouba, where I found a sort of [[margin note in black ink]] [[underscore]]Photo #37 [[/underscore]] 38 [[end margin note]] savannah on the right bank of one of the branches of La Riviere Rouge. In rather [[margin note in black ink]] A [[end margin note]] old dung I found eight or ten large black [[strikeout]] Melo [[/strikeout]] Scarabs and one [[Aphodine ?]],--also a couple [[margin note in black ink]] B [[end margin note]]of Torficulids. In rotten logs, I found only two larvae; in small fungi, nothing; under stones along edge of river, nothing; beating brought down nothing but one or two hoppers and a few spiders; sifting leaf-mold, nothing again. Not a very encouraging morning. The locality was [[end page]] [[start page]] [[stamped page number in upper right corner]] 41 [[underline]] Station 74. [[/underline]] About one kilometer ^[[north-]] east of Matouba. Elevation 2500 ft. I came back early and wrote a few more letters, including one to Martha. Ruth was typing those I wrote yesterday. We finished these in the afternoon and then drove down to St. Claude to mail them and get stamps. Ruth got some extras for the collection, and then we had another long wait before dinner. Breakfast at seven-eight, lunch at twelve, dinner at seven-thirty. If they'd only have tea, but they don't know the word at all! It would be a fine time to work if it didn't get dark early. The electric lights are just bright enough to enable us to see to light the kerosene lamp provided. We go to bed almost immediately after dinner. [[left margin note]] X-30-35 [[end margin note]] After breakfast started out in the car to drive around the southern and eastern parts [[left margin note in black ink]] [[underline]] Photo #39 [[/underline]] [[end margin note]] of the island. the route was St. Claude, Basse-Terre, Gourbeyre, Trois Rivieres, Capesterre, Goyane, Petit-Bourg, Baie Mahault, Lamentin, Ste. Rose. We stopped to take photographs of Les Saintes at a point on each side of Trois Rivieres. The first {1/25 & 32), the second with palms (1/50 & 22). [[end page]]
[[left-hand page]] [[stamped page number, upper left]] 42 [[/stamp]] Guadaloupe 10. [[underline]] Station 75.[[/underline]] Two kilometers south of Capesterre, along road. On a paved side road under ox dung found an [[left margin note, written in pencil, underlined]] 99 Staphs [[/margin note]] unusually large number of species of Staphs, including one specimen of what appeared to be a [[underline]] Leucoparyphus silphoides.[[/underline]] There were several species of Xantholininae, a [[underline]] Philonthus [[/underline]], an [[underline]] Aleochara [[/underline]], an [[underline]] Oxytelus [[/underline]], several very small species, etc. There were also two ^[[or three]] species of Aphodiinae, and three specimens of Coprinae, which look exactly like the larger species from Puerto Rico. For the first time in weeks I completely filled a small vial in about half an hour with all small things. We stopped for lunch at noon at [[underline]] Station 76. [[/underline]] Three kilometers south of Sainte Rose. I did a little sweeping beside the road, getting a pair of [[underline]] Diaprepes [[/underline]] weevils and one or two leaf-beetles. Then I had to change a flat tire, and we drove on through Ste. Rose to the beach at [[underline]] Station 77. [[/underline]] Five kilometers west of Ste. Rose. A small beach [[left margin note, black ink]] A [[/margin note]] and a pasture behind. Under damp masses of sponges and algae, I found three or four species of [[left margin note, written in pencil]] (13) [[/margin note]] Staphs and one of the brown Caradids. The Staphs were more abundant than usual. One of them at least, seems to be a [[underline]] Cafius [[/underline]]. [[end page]] [[start right-hand page]] [[stamped page number, upper right]] 43 [[/stamp]] [[left margin note, written in black ink]] B [[/margin note]] Back of the beach in ox dung I found a few ^[[(13)]] [[insertion written in pencil]] Staphs and Aphodiinae. It was difficult to collect here in the long grass. Ruth picked up some more shells for her collection. On the way back we stopped to take a photo of a "Mairie" in Lamentin. It was taken with the camera facing a bright sun. (1/50 + 8). We turned off to go to Pointe-a-Pitre, so we could look for mail, find out if the man is going to exchange cars for us, get a much-needed drink, have the tire fixed, and get some things from the trunk at the hotel. From there back to the Auberge we didn't stop again. This morning on the way out we were stopped by two policemen (gendarmes) dressed in white, for not "tooting on the turns." A very tiring custom, but not without justification, the way these people pass on curves and drive on the wrong side! [[left margin note]] X-31-35 [[/margin note]] Spent the early part of the morning writing notes and working on accounts. Ruth did some sewing. At 10[[underlined superscript]]30[[/superscript]] we went for a walk up a trail to the [[strikethrough: south]] east. Did a little collecting at [[underline]] Station 78. [[/underline]] One kilometer [[strikethrough: south]] east of Matouba. El. 2200 ft. Sweeping yielded only several bugs. [[end page]]
[[left-hand page]] [[stamped page number, upper left]] 46 [[/stamp]] Guadeloupe 14. After lunch we prepared to go at least part way up the trail to Soufrière. When we tried to start the car (Ford, exchanged yesterday by the owner for the Citroën) however, the battery was dead. After much stewing about, we got enough help to push it out onto the hill so we could start it by coasting. We went down through St. Claude and turned sharply back to the left up hill. We parked on a slope, facing down, near a signpost pointing two ways: Aux Bains Jaunes and au Paranass. We followed the latter for about two kilometers, only to find it the wrong one. The other climbs very steeply for about a kilometer, with houses occasionally. Then it is moderately steep as far as we went,--about four kilometers. I think this could all be called rain-forest. It certainly never gets dry, even at the surface of the ground. In places the trail was paved with cobblestones over a marshy area. Good water was found about halfway up where the trail crosses a creek. Where we stopped is some sort of a marker with an inscription concerning "marines" and a swimming pool with a private bathhouse belonging to a club of "montagnards." [[end of page]] [[right-hand page]] [[stamped page number upper right corner]] 47 [[/stamp]] [[image - hand-drawn map of islands, with locations noted as follows.]] GUADELOUPE Basse-Terre [[circled numbers (Stations?) connected by red lines]] 69 - 85 GRANDE TERRE Pointe-a-Pitre [[circled numbers (Stations?) connected by red lines]] 86-91 MARIE GALANTE [[end page]]
[[left-hand page]] [[stamped page number]] 50 [[/stamp]] Guadeloupe 18. at the best looking house and estate that I've seen on the island. It turned out to be owned by the brother of the Monsieur Debois we were looking for. We finally found the right place, but were unable to rent a battery. he could charge ours but only in the daytime; an all-day job. I noticed that his "dynamo" and other machinery was run by an eight-foot overshot water-wheel. Couldn't be cheaper! [[underline]] Vagrant Thoughts [[/underline]] (of a Vacant Mind):..... Found out why it's costing us so much down here--There are really five of us,--me, strikeout]] and [[/strikeout]] my wife, my secretary, my interpreter, ^[[and]] my wife's sweetheart..... The amount of canned fish in one of the French grocery stores..... The pictures of the Normandie on every wall..... The way the natives treat all dogs..... And the total absence of cats..... My shaving soap is almost all gone..... "'S [[Böning ?]] speaking"..... Crummy Rummy..... What fun (?) sleeping under a net..... The inaccuracies of most road maps..... Roads paved with irregular cobblestones..... The apparent scarcity of fruit on this island; at least here..... indifference to rain displayed by people..... [[end page]] [[start right page]] [[stamped page number, upper right]] 51 [[/stamp]] [[left margin]] XI-5-35 [[/margin note]] Another day of practically continuous rain. Some blue sky was visible most of the time, but one could hardly expect to collect much. I wrote a letter to Ed and enclosed the list of collecting stations,--up through Sta. 65. After lunch I put away quite a few more specimens and generally straightened up. Ruth and I played cards and checkers to pass the time. I got dressed once to go out collecting, but as it continued to rain, I gave it up and changed back. We have a new waiter in the dining room. He is one of the boys from the Hotel des Antilles in Pointe-a-Pitre. He is credited with being able to speak French, English, and Spanish. The service is somewhat better and today at least the food is a little improved. [[left margin]] XI-6-35 [[/margin note]] Today gave promise of being just like yesterday, but one short drizzle was all the morning produced. I went out for about three hours, going up the left bank of the south branch of the Rivière Rouge. [[underline]] Station 81. [[/underline]] Two kilometers northeast of Matouba, on the ridge at left side of southern branch of the Rivière Rouge. Elevation about 2400 feet. On the way up caught one bee-fly on a flower. [[end page]]
[[left-hand page]] [[stamped page number, upper left]] 52 [[/stamp]] Guadeloupe 20. Couldn't sweep as everything was dripping wet. Watched for fungus and places to sift. Tried the ladder at about five places. At one got one very slender Staph, one tiny Carabid, and a small Myriapod (or worm). At another [[margin note, underlined and written in pencil]] 2 Staphs [[/margin note]] got one Staph like a [[underline]] Philonthus [[/underline]], and four large white grubs. On the way back found a rotten log that looked promising. As I had no machete I could only scratch the surface, so found only a colony of Forficulids, one Carabid, and a large larva. I saw only a few small fungi, which produced nothing. After lunch we drove to Basse-Terre to cash a Travelers Cheque, buy a machete, and mail letters. The car was boiling when we reached town, and on the way home we stopped to put in some water. I stalled the engine and couldn't crank it, so we had to ask some men near by to help us push it a few feet to turn around and coast down hill. About six or seven of them responded and we got started allright. Stopped at the Post Office in St. Claude because they're so slow in Basse-Terre. On the way back, picked up Paul, the house boy, who was walking from St. C. Dinner, was fair only. [[end page]] [[start right page]] [[stamped page number upper right]] 53 [[/stamp]] [[left margin note]] XI-7-35 The day started out quite clear and nice, so we prepared to hike up to the Indian village. It began to cloud up as we started, and to rain slightly as we descended. Took a picture looking west from the trail 1/2 kilometer from here (showing ocean and a tiny sailboat) ^[[(1/50 + 18)]] [[insertion written in black ink]], and another from the top of the hill looking [[margin note, underlined and written in black ink]] Photo #40 [[/margin note]] south by west, showing Mount Houllemont, the Saintes, and Dominica (1/50 + 14). Stopped to collect several times. First at [[underline]] Station 82. [[/underline]] Same as Station 78. In excrement found quite a series ^[[(28)]] [[insertion written in pencil]] of Staphs ^[[and]] Sphaeridiinae, one of the dirty-backed Scarabs, and two Forficulids. [[underline]] Station 83.[[/underline]] Three kilometers east of Matouba,. Elev. 2400 ft. A large savannah on the face of the hill. In cow dung took three Staphs, one Sphaeridiine, and ^[[a]] black Scarabacid. Sweeping produced no beetles. In the afternoon I worked for a while on the definition cards. I used the last of the 1000, and finished all the formal definitions in Snodgrass. Have an idea that a good form would be to give the word, its general definition, and then a list with necessary extra definitions of terms compounded with it. As: Germ,.... Germ band [[end page]]
[[left-hand page]] [[stamped page number in upper left corner]] 56 [[end stamp]] Guadeloupe 24. Saw a flower rather similar to the one that Mrs. Dearborn sent Mrs. Avery one time. It was on a small palm-like plant. After lunch we wrote letters, etc. I wrote Ted [[Gochokke ?]] a letter that is a whole year overdue. I don't know his address, so I made the envelope look as official and important as possible. [[left margin notation]] XI-9-35 [[end margin note]] Spent the morning packing. Also looked at a small fungus near the house. One Staph was there but escaped,--or rather I was so clumsy that I dropped it. Took a few little scolytids or something. Right after lunch loaded every thing into the car, started it by coasting down hill, and left for Pointe-a Pitre. Lunch had terrible, even worse than breakfast, as we were certainly relieved to be on our way. Stopped once on the way where Ruth saw a nice bunch of fresh fungus on a log. [[underline]]Station 85. [[/underline]] Three miles north of Capesterre along road to Pointe-a Pitre. Found a large number of [[underlined, penciled ? note in left margin]] 824 Staphs [[end margin note]] Staphs in small white fungi. There were at least two and apparently four or five species, and in greater abundance than I've seen before. The big lot from Puerto Rico was taken on a very much larger lot of fungus. [[end left-hand page]] [[right-hand page]] [[stamped page number in upper right corner]] 57 [[end stamp]] When we reached town we went direct to the office of the Furness Line (Paul Dormay, Agent) to see if there was any mail. The office was empty, and so was that of the man from whom the car was rented. So we decided we'd have to leave the car on the street all night. At dinner, however, the man appeared, saying he had seen the car and would put it in a garage. I got the keys and he discovered that the battery is dead. Then we (the landlord, a bar-boy, and I) pushed the car and it started easily. Since then we haven't seen the man though he said he'd be back later. We had to take a room on the 1[[superscript]]st[[/superscript]] (not ground) floor for one night, so didn't unpack any. [[left margin notation]] XI-10-35 [[end margin note]] Sunday. We went around to the S.S. Co. office and found it open and working at capacity (?). There [[was a]] [[overwritten]] were [[end overwriting]] five letters for us (4 for Ruth and 1 for me!) and Mr. Dormay was able to give us some information concerning the Nerissa, round-trip tickets, [[strikethrough]]etc[[/strikethrough]] ^[[and]] schedules. We then went to the Post office, which was also open, and mailed our letters. The rest of the morning was spent waiting for the maids to get another room ready for us. Moved in the afternoon. No word yet from the car-owner. [[end page]]
[[left-hand page]] [[stamped page number]] 60 [[/stamp]] Guadeloupe 28. Spent the day as best we could. It is practically impossible to do any collecting from here without a car. At 2[[underscored superscript]]30[[/superscript]] I went over to see [[strikethrough]] the Co [[/strikethrough]] Mr. Devaux. I asked him to help me get a map case I left at Matouba. He tried the telephone, but the service is so bad that we gave it up and went over to the Post Office to send a telegram. After that we went back to the Consulate, and he showed me his new radio. It is an Ultramor, one of the cheaper 10-tube all-wave sets. It brought in several stations with ample volume. Couldn't tell about the tone on the short-wave stations. He offered to let me come over to listen to the news at six. Went back to the hotel to wait for the pay-off. No one arrived and we went to bed early. I spent quite a while in the afternoon working on the glossary. Added terms from what periodicals I have here now, Ent. News, Vol. 46, No. 7 and Rev. Ent. Vol. 5, No. 1. Must have 500 more than I have cards for. I am keeping references to [[text ?]]definitions in Snodgrass whenever I find them. It would be much easier if I could start out with a set of cards made from Smith's Glossary, and then add the additional ones. [[end page]] [[right-hand page]] [[stamped page number, upper right]] 61 [[/stamp]] [[left margin note]] XI-14-35 [[/margin note]] Got up early and finished breakfast before eight. Got our car and started out to make a circuit of the Grande Terre. Our route was through Les Abymes, Grippon, le Moule, St. Francois, Ste. Anne, le Gosier and back to Pointe-a-Pitre. It was just ninety [[strikethrough]]m[[/strikethrough]] kilometers. The rental was to be 1.50 francs per kilometer,--everything included. The first stop was [[underline]] Station 86. [[/underline]] [[left margin note, written in black ink]] [[underscore]] Photo #42 [[/underscore]] #43, #44 [[/margin note]] Eight kilometers west of le Moule (21 k. northeast of Pointe-a-Pitre). A small pasture. Collected only in dung but found a fair series of Staphs and quite a few Aphodiinae. (also Myriapods) [[underline]] Station 87. [[/underline]] Five kilometers west of le Moule (24 k. northeast of Pointe-a-Pitre). A small pasture. Dung yielded several large black Scarabs, and a fair series of Staphs ^[[27)]] [[insertion written in pencil]] and Aphodiinae. Also broke into a termite nest and kept specimens. Didn't see any guests. [[underline]] Station 88. [[/underline]] Two kilometers west of le Moule (27 k. northeast of Pointe-a-Pitre). A fine sand beach. Drift was very scattered and I found only three of the brown Carabids and one Staph ( [[underscore]] Cafius [[/underscore]] ?) This was the only beach we saw all day. [[end page]]
[[left-hand page]] [[stamped page number, upper left]] 70 [[/stamp]] Trinidad 4. lizards; and others. Six amphibia and eight fish listed. In the insects the following beetles are mentioned: Cacao beetle, [[underlined]] Steirastoma depressum [[/underlined]], Cerambycidae, larvae bore under bark; American Coconut Weevil, [[underlined]] Rhynchophorus palmarum [[/underlined]], larvae (edible, called "gru-gru" worms) bore in trunk; Banana borer, [[underlined]] Cosmopolites sordidus [[/underlined]], Curcul., adults & larvae bore in trunk; Pin-hole beetles, [[underlined]] Xyletorus [[/underlined]] spp; [[underlined]] Cryptognatha nodiceps [[/underlined]], Coccinellid, adults and larvae feed on [[underlined]] Aspidiotus destructor [[/underlined]], introduced in 1928 to Fiji from here; Fire-fly, [[underlined]] Aspidosoma ignitum [[/underlined]]; Fire-fly, [[underlined]] Pyrophorus noctilucua [[/underlined]]. Other insects are: Fire-ant, Black Fruit-fly, Coconut Scale, Pink Boll-worm, Fall Army Worm, Mole-cricket, Chinch bug, malarial mosquito--[[underlined]] Anopheles [[tarsimaculatus ?]][[/underlined]], filariasis mosquito--[[underlined]] Culex fatigans [[/underlined]], Yellow fever mosquito -- [[underlined]] Aedes aegypti [[/underlined]], sand-flies, giant grasshopper; four species of termites. Other invertebrates: Centipedes (up to 12 inches or more), scorpions, bird-catching spiders, ^[[and]] [[underlined]] Peripatus trinidadensis [[/underlined]] --not uncommon in damp places under leaves, etc. Even this list indicates the affinities of the Trinidad fauna with that of South America, rather than those of the Antilles. [[end page]] [[start right-hand page]] [[stamped page number, upper right]] 71 [[/stamp]] In the evening Mr. Adamson called for us and took us out to St. Augústine for dinner. The only other guest was [[strikethrough]] Mr. [[/strikethrough]] Professor Urich. The Adamsons' eight-year-old son was there of course. Prof. Urich is a specialist on termites, and though he seemed on the verge of falling asleep all evening, he told me some interesting points concerning the collection of termite guests. It seems that these are invariably found in or near the royal chamber, and can generally be found in all the nests. Specimens of the guests have been sent to Dr. Mann (several years ago) but no report has been received. The insect fauna of Trinidad is known to be practically the same as that of Venezuela with the exception of the things which are [[underlined]] not [[/underlined]] found here also. Tobago is said to be practically identical with Trinidad, and not worth the trouble of visiting for collecting purposes. I wonder. Before dinner we met Mrs. Carmichael who is in the College Library, and after dinner Mr. Fennah dropped in. He is a lecturer in Entomology at the College, taking some of the work formerly done by Prof. Urich. [[end page]]
[[left-hand page]] [[stamped page number, upper left]] 72 [[/stamp]] Trinidad 6. [[left margin note]] XI-21-35 [[/margin note]] Went down town to see about licenses. The Licensing Authority office is in the constabulary station on the quay. When I explained my wishes to the clerk, he said I would have to see Captain Sharp, who would be back "after breakfast." Further questions [[strikethrough]] sti [[/strikethrough]] ellicited the information that breakfast is at noon, and therefore the Captain would be back at one-thirty or two. I went to a stationery store to order some 3x5 cards. They will have to be cut from ordinary paper and will cost $1.50 per 1000. I left a roll of films to be developed and purchased some shaving soap. The afternoon (as well as yesterday afternoon) I spent making the index for Ruth's journal. It served to remind me of the large number of interesting things we see and hear but do not remember to write down. Also the lack of ordinary data, as names of people ^[[and]] places. Late in the afternoon Mr. Adamson and his son came to take us out to see a boat that is being built for the boy. It is a large rowboat, native-made of native woods. They build the boat up on a carved kiel without form or frames. (The latter are added after the planking is finished!!). [[end page]] [[start right-hand page]] [[stamped page number upper right]] 73 This place was out three or four miles along the northern main road, west from Four Roads. We had a good view of the Five Islands, with a house on each. The evenings are so short that we seldom do anything but a little reading before going to bed. At least we have decent electric lights! [[left margin note]] XI-22-35 [[/margin note]] More errands in town. Tried to make the rounds of all steamship lines that might bring freight from Puerto Rico. The result was the following list of possibilities: Amer. Car. - A Steamer, Tues. 26 from St. Thomas; McCormack - West [[Ira ?]], Thurs. 28 from Puerto Rico; Furneas - Norden, Sun. 1 from St. Thomas; Can. Nat. - Lady Drake, Wed. 4 from St. Thomas. The West [[Ira ?]] is the best chance, I guess. Got the filing cards and spent most of the afternoon working on them. I went down for a few minutes to see Capt. Sharp about my license. He will give me a free vehicle license but I must get a driver's permit and liability insurance. Stopped by at the Motor Union and arranged for the latter. Got the photographs back. Nos. 37 to 42. These are the first on which I have kept record of the exposures. Only one is first class; the others all have defects or were too dark. [[end page]] [[left-hand page]] [[stamped page number]] 74 [[/stamp]] Trinidad 8. [[left margin note]] XI-23-35 [[/margin note]] In the morning I went to see the Mr. Haynes who is the head of the Trinidad Automobile Association. He was pleasant enough but not of much help. He seems very much dissatisfied with the way licensing is done here, and remarked that the U.S. is way ahead of other countries in the licensing of motor vehicles. Trinidad was not a member of the International Convention, and the present licensing officer a little officious. He was surprised to hear that I had had no trouble from Capt. Sharp. I bought a map of the island at one of the bookstores, as it seemed unlikely that I could get one officially. In the afternoon we went swimming with Mrs. Adamson and a friend, Mrs. Pike. We went out the Western Main Road, past Four Roads, and then took a right turn along a valley that extends through to the north coast. Macqueripe Bay is a small one with a sand and gravel beach. It is private property but is equipped as a public beach. The beach drops off just beyond the water's edge to a depth of four feet, where the bottom is rather muddy. However, the swimming was excellent. [[end page]] [[start right page]] [[stamped page number, upper right]] 75 [[/stamp]] Mrs. Adamson had brought "tea," so after the swim we had tea and cake and sandwiches. The road to the beach passes through some very interesting country. It is nearly all in cultivation of cocoa and is generally shaded by large trees or cocoanut palms. In some places it was easy to see the piles of rotting cacao pods, while in other the shade trees are being cut down and I could see many fungi on the dead logs. These logs have been drawn to my attention by Urich as good ^[[for]] collecting. [[left margin note]] XI-24-35 [[/margin note]] Sunday. I can't say that we particularly need a holiday but we took one anyway. Before I forget I should record the few beetles I've taken so far, mostly at lights. [[underscore]] Station 92. [[/underscore]] Adamson residence on grounds of the Imperial College of Tropical Agriculture, St. Augustine. Two Lampyrids and a Tenebrionid at light. [[underscore]] Station 93. [[/underscore]] Home of Mr. Wharton in Port of Spain, Trinidad. A series of Cucujids (or ?) from chicken feed. [[underscore]] Station 94. [[/underscore]] 109 Abercromby Street, Port of Spain. At light we have taken one Scarab, two Lampyrids, and several small beetles. This vial will be kept open for future additions. [[end page]] [[left page]] [[stamped page number, upper left]] 76 [[/stamp]] Trinidad 10. [[underline]] Station 95. [[/underline]] Vicinity of Coco on the Western Main Road about five miles west of the Port of Spain. A single Lycid flying. The Hydrophilid was already in the bottle and was a hangover from one of the previous islands. I think it came from Antigua, but can't be sure. Spent the morning reading and studying the map. After lunch we decided to do a little sight-seeing. We took a St. Ann's car, passed the Victoria Institute, the gaol, the Savanna with its race track, royal palms, etc, and went a few blocks into a very nice residential district. At the end of the line we got off and walked about a little to see some of the gardens nearby. A little stream had quite a few tadpoles and small fish. I'll have to try to get some for Leo Myers. We took the next car back and transferred to an outward bound Belmont car. This runs through a much poorer part of the city, where the houses are small and closer together, and there was no incentive to get off and explore. We came back in time for tea, and enjoyed it as usual. [[end page]] [[start right page]] [[stamped page number, upper right]] 77 [[/stamp]] [[left margin note]] XI-25-35 [[/margin note]] Went to town in the morning but spent the rest of the day unpacking and arranging the room. [[left margin note]] XI-26-35 [[/margin note]] The [strikethrough]McCormack [[/strikethrough]]] ^[[American Caribbean]] S.S. Co. boat [[strikethrough]] West Ira was [[/strikethrough]] ^[[was]] due this morning from [[strikethrough]] Puerto Rico [[/strikethrough]] St. Thomas, and since there was a chance it had picked up the motor I went down to the office. The boat was in, but had no cargo from St. Thomas. So I walked up to the Arima Bus Depot and caught a bus for St. Augustine. when I arrived at the college, Mr. Adamson was in a class, so I waited about half an hour. [[note in margins, underlined and written in black ink]] Photo #48 [[/note]] I had brought along my copy of Snodgrass for him to borrow. After we had talked for a while he suggested that we go over to meet Sir Geoffrey Evans, Principal of the college. We did this, and I wrote my name in Sir Jeffrey's visitors book. He was very pleasant, and suggested to Mr. Adamson several people who might help me, and asked him to give me letters of introduction to them. We then went upstairs to the library, in charge of Mrs. Carmichael, to see if they had copies of any entomological glossaries. They had none but I did borrow a copy of the Am. Midland. Nat. that had Don Frizzell's type paper. I was very kindly granted the use of the library and the privilege of withdrawing books. [[end page]] [[left side page]] [[stamped page number]] 78 [[/stamp]] Trinidad 12. It was not till twelve-thirty that I started home, and when I got here found Ruth had long since finished lunch. Spent the afternoon making cards for the type terms in [[Trizzell ?]]. In the evening we went to the Globe Theatre to see Wm Powell in Private Detective. [[left margin note]] XI-27-35 [[/margin note]] In the morning went down again to see if I couldn't straighten out our mail. I found some out at the College yesterday. The Furness people promised to forward it in the future to this address. (109 Abercromby). The afternoon was spent again on the type terms. In the evening, about 5:30, we were to go to a cocktail party at the Adamson's. Mr. Algernon Wharton, who went with us before to see the boat, came by and drove us out to the College. The assembly included: Mr. & Mrs. Carmichael, Mr. & Mrs. Patterson, Mr & Mrs. Louis Wharton, Mr. & Mrs. Pickles, Mr. & Mrs. [[Silow ?]], Mr.$ Mrs. Phillis, Mr. Bell, Mr. Johnson, Dr. Wardlaw, Mr. Wright, Mrs. Pike, Mr. Jardine. Mr. Pickles is the government entomologist. His specialty is frog-hoppers--Cercopidae. Mr. Bell and Mr. Johnson are students. Dr. Wardlaw is a plant pathologist. Mr. Jardine is the bachelor brother of Mrs. Pike and Mrs. Pickles. [[end page]] [[start right page]] [[stamped page number, upper right]] 79 [[/stamp]] He has been away from home since he was nine. The family lives in the southern part of the island. As they were leaving he got into quite an argument with Mrs. Adamson over the relative cost of living in Trinidad and Honolulu. He has been in Trinidad only a week and was in Honolulu 5 days! Mrs. Adamson has kept house for at least a year in both, but was unable to convince him that she knew anything about it. She said that Honolulu was considerably [[strikethrough]] to [[/strikethrough]] more expensive than Berkeley, and Trinidad considerably more than Honolulu. After the party we had dinner with the Adamson's, and then they brought us back to town. [[left margin note]] XI-28-35 [[/margin note]] This morning the McCormack S.S. Co. boat West Ira was due direct from Puerto Rico. I consider her the best chance to bring the motorcycle so I was down at the office early. They had had no news of the vessel, not even of her sailing from Puerto Rico.! Finished working on the type terms. Arranged with Ross' Drug Co. to make some Christmas postcards for us. Used our picture #38 of Les Saintes with the picture of the two of us (taken in Berkeley!) in a circle in one corner. Ordered 6 dozen cards. [[end page]]
[[left side page]] [[stamped page number]] 80 [[/stamp]] Trinidad 14. [[left margin note]] XI-29-35 [[/margin note]] Went again to the s.s. agency. It's getting to be a firm habit. Still no news, but the agent was just calling for news. When I got home I found the proof of my thesis waiting me, and the whole afternoon was spent on that. It had gone to Dominica and so was delayed. As usual it rained hard in the afternoon. It is supposed to be a little unusual, but every day we've had several [[underline]] hard showers [[/underline]] and other light rains. [[left margin note]] XI-30-35 [[/margin note]] This morning I broke the habit by phoning to the agent. He said the West Ira would not arrive until December 5[[underlined superscript]]th[[/superscript]]. What a schedule,--only nine days late. I'm hoping now that the motor will be on the Norden or the Lady Drake, due on the 2[[underlined superscript]]nd[[/superscript]] and 4[[underlined superscript]]th[[/superscript]]. More work on the proof. It's quite a long job, and I'm glad it came in time to fill in some of these days of waiting. In the evening we were to go to the Adamson's for dinner and to play bridge at some benefit party. We took a taxi out ($1.12), arriving about 7[[underlined superscript]]00[[/superscript]]. After dinner we drove out to the home of Geoffrey Evans, where we met [[strikethrough]] Mrs. [[/strikethrough]] Lady Evans, and had a nice table on a very large veranda. [[end page]] [[start right page]] [[stamped page number, upper right]] 81 [[/stamp]] It was not a progressive party and we played all evening[[strikeout]]s[[/strikeout]] with the Admason's. They beat us. Mrs. Carmichael was there, and invited us to cocktails on next Friday. I said I couldn't promise to come. Afterwards the Adamson's brought us back into town. It was dry but cool. [[left margin note]]XII-1-35 [[/margin note]] Sunday. Today the Furness Line steamer Norden (newly chartered) was due to arrive. I tried to phone but couldn't get any information. So I went down to the Customs House and was told they had no news of her at all except that she had been due yesterday. Worked again on the proof. Was quite disgusted at [[strikethrough]]the[[/strikethrough]] some of the corrections which had been made in my MS. For instance, the title had been cut down to Morph. of the Col. Fam. Staphyl; disc was everywhere changed to disk; cubic centimeters was abbreviated to cm^3; quite was always replaced with rather; the word species had been replaced in one case with forms; and practically every hyphen in the MS had been removed! I had a hard time keeping my resentment down sometimes. There were, of course, many good changes. [[end page]] [[left-hand page]] [[stamped page number]] 82 [[/stamp]] Trinidad 16. [[left margin note]] XII-2-35 [[/margin note]] We got news from the agent today that the Norden will not be here till the 4[[underlined superscript]]th[[/superscript]]. That is worse than I expected. it puts it in the same class with the McCormack boat, and that's no compliment. Finished working on the proof, and wrote a three-page letter to the editor criticizing some of his corrections. I also inserted a new paragraph telling which species was used for the detailed study, and why. Then I wrote Ed and enclosed a letter to Ferrie, asking him to copy the captions from my thesis and mail them to Ed. We got our Christmas cards several days ago and have finished with them. They must be mailed before the 13[[underlined superscript]]th[[/superscript]] to reach the States by Christmas. It rained several times again today. Yesterday was a little more sunny than usual. A few minutes quite sufficient here to get one well wetted, and no one would be likely to call the rain "Liquid Sunshine." I was very much surprised to notice in the Handbook the following sentence concerning Balboa in the Canal Zone: "Roads, houses, and offices are all scrupulously clean, and make an Englishman ashamed of the mean and squalid ap[[-]] [[end page]] [[right-hand page]] [[stamped page number upper right]] 83 [[/stamp]] [[-]]pearance of so many towns in the British West Indies." Upon the map of the island are shown some very nice beaches, but I've been told that those on the east coast are spoiled by their promixity to the very large Nariva Swamp, and those on the western side are quite bare of seaweed, [[strikethrough]] owing [[/strikethrough]] due to the muddy condition of the water. This is due to the Orinoco River in Venezuela, which empties into the Gulf of Paria. Trinidad has an area of 1,862 square miles, and a population of about 340,000. The highest point on the island is Cerro de Aripo (3,085 feet), while the next is Tucuche (3,070 feet). The population of Port of Spain is 64,000. Trinidad holds first place in the British Empire as an oil-producing country. After dinner we went again to the Globe Theater to see "G-Men." I don't usually care much for James Cagney, but he did very well in this rôle. The theatre has [[strikethrough]]three [[/strikethrough]] four prices 15¢, 36¢, 48¢, and [[strikethrough]] 48 [[/strikethrough]]60¢, the pit, orchestra, balcony, and boxes (loge). Since we didn't know what we might encounter downstairs, we sat in the balcony, but as there were only six people there altogether, I think we can safely try the other next time. [[end page]] [[left-hand page]] [[stamped page number in upper left]] 84 [[end stamp]] Trinidad 18. [[left margin note]] XII-3-35 [[end margin note]] Today I don't even have the consolation of going to town in the hopes of finding a boat in. Tomorrow there should be two, the Norden and the Lady Drake, but I think it more likely that the West [[Ira ?]] will bring the motor, on Thursday or sometime. Ruth went to town and stayed most of the morning, getting caught in a shower on the way home. I stayed home and nearly perished for lack of something to do. In the afternoon I decided to go out to get a "Guardian," but before I started the mail arrived with a big bundle of magazines and some letters. One of the latter was from Ed, but we've had two written since this one! We spent the afternoon and evening reading. [[left margin note]] XII-4-35 [[end margin note]] I had made arrangements with the S.S. Co. to phone me as soon as they received the freight manifest from the Norden, so I didn't go to town today. Spend the time cataloguing the periodicals I have here, and also writing the Staph. Reference Biblio. cards for two articles in the volume of American Midland Naturalist I have from the College Library. It was in the afternoon that the call came through that the motor had not arrived. More waiting! [[end left-hand page]] [[right-hand page]] [[stamped page number, upper right]] 85 [[left margin note]] XII-5-35 [[end margin note]] Expected this to be the big day--surely. Ruth went to the dentists, and I went to the printer's to pay for her stationery [[strikethrough and [[/strikethrough]]inquire about 3x5 cards (they quoted 60 ¢ a 1000), and get the MS and proof wrapped for mailing. Then I went over to the P.O. and found Ruth waiting for me. We went down to the Archer Coal Depot Co., and learned that the motor did [[underscore]] not [[/underscore]] arrive on the West Ira. Too bad! What to do? We went to the Huggins Co. but couldn't get much encouragement. Then we went to the Furness office for mail,--a letter from Mother, ^[[etc.]] The only bigness to the day is a [[underscore]] big [[/underscore]] disappointment. After lunch I went down and cabled to Bailey: "Has motor left how reply cable" ($2.05) and about four o'clock got the answer: Steamer Saint Dominguel leaving December seven," (collect, $1.53). Even this is no encouragement. Felt grouchy the rest of the day, and argued with Ruth at length. [[left margin note]] XII-6-35 [[end margin note]] In the morning went out to the end of the end of the Ste. Claire tram-line and to the Dept. of Agriculture. Sent in my letter to the Director, but he was just leaving and turned me over to someone else. Pound was not there , but I left the letter to him and asked him to leave a [[strikethrough]] letter [[/strikethrough]] message here as to when and where I could get in touch with him. He goes out three or four times a week apparently. [[end page]] [[stamped page number upper left]] 86 [[end stamp]] Trinidad 20. At five forty-five we got a taxi to take us out to St. Augustine. We went to the Adamson's, and then with them to the Carmichael's, to a cocktail party. Some of the same people that we met at the Adamson's were there, and quite a few others. We didn't really get introduced around so can't give the names. One lady, Mrs. , gave me the name of an entomologist in the Malay that would be interested in exchanges. M. Pendleberry, Mus. Kuala Lumpor, Selangor, Federated Malay States. A young man named Arner (an engineer at the Pan-American airport) told Ruth and me of an 11 1/2 inch centipede he has been keeping alive for some months. He seemed willing to part with it, and I suggested that Dr. Mann might be glad to have it at the Zoo. (Spent afternoon at I.C. library.) The Adamsons drove us back to town and we declined their offer to join them at a movie. [[left margin note]] XII-7-35 [[end margin note]] Yesterday afternoon at the library at the college I catalogued a few articles on Staphs and examined several of the standard text books for the same purpose. I brought home with me a copy of Smith's Glossary and ordered 1000 more 3x5 cards. This contains about 5000 definitions. Worked on it all day. [[end page]] [[start page]] [[stamped page number, upper right]] 87 [[end stamp]] [[left margin note]] XII-8-35 [[end margin note]] Sunday. Didn't go out at all. Kept at work on the glossary cards. [[left margin note]] XII-9-35 [[end margin note]] Another day at the cards. It is very slow work. In the afternoon went to the Post Office to send off the twelve letters of Ruths' to various West Indian postmasters requesting sets of the Jubilee stamps. It took a long time to get all the money orders and I didn't get finished. [[left margin note]] XII-10-35 [[end margin note]] Finished the money orders, and then went to the office of the French Line to see if they knew of the steamer Saint Dominque. they said it was one of their boats but doesn't come here. Cargo is transhipped at Martinique, and in this case would wait four days for the Flandre. That would bring it here on the 16 [[superscript]] th [[/superscript]]. In the afternoon I went again to the library. On the way out I spotted from the bus a small bit of fungus just before milepost 2 1/2. In the evening Pound phoned but could not make Miss Huggins understand who he wanted. She told me next morning. [[left margin note]] XII-11-35 [[end margin note]] Cards in the morning, and to the library in the afternoon. The bus took over an hour to go the seven miles Ordered and got 2000 more index cards. it doesn't take long to use them up this way! [[end page]] [[left side page]] [[stamped page number]] 88 [[/stamp]] Trinidad 22. [[left margin note]] XII-12-35 [[/margin note]] In the morning I went up to the Department of Agriculture to see Pound. Found him in, and very pleasant. Said he had been on a whole-day trip yesterday. Too bad I missed. He didn't expect to be going back out again till next Wednesday. However, he offered to go on Sunday to the northeast corner of the island, and said he would invite Adamson and perhaps Urich. It's a date. Spent the afternoon and evening on cards, except that I have to lay-off while Ruth takes her nap from one to three. After tea the maid brought in a beautiful dark gray persian cat (rather small). It didn't seem friendly at first, but later was quite playful and friendly on the bed. [[left margin note]] XII-13-35 [[/margin note]] Mailed some letters in the morning, including a twelve-page one to the family. It took nine cents (Trinidad) and I also put two [[strikethrough]] five [[/strikethrough]] six cent U.S. Airmail stamps on it and wrote "Airmail from N.Y. only." We'll see what happens. The rest of the day spent on cards. Have now gotten into the F's. [[left margin note]] XII-14-35 [[/margin note]] Went to town with Ruth in the morning. Got the insurance policy on the motor. Spent the rest of the morning and the afternoon on cards. [[end page]] [[start right page]] [[stamped page number]] 89 [[/stamp]] At 7:30 the Adamson's came over for dinner. We had a private table on the verandah. After dinner we went to the Globe Theatre to see False Madonna. It was a little overdone, and ended poorly. After that the Adamson's took us to the Trinidad Country Club. We had refreshments and danced til twelve-thirty. The Adamson's can't go tomorrow, but they urged Ruth to go along. We met the cruise director from the Nerissa and saw the purser. Got to bed after one A.M. [[left margin note]] XII-15-35 [[/margin note]] Up before seven and packed up the things to take with us on the trip. Pound arrived at eight-thirty and alone, so Ruth decided to go with us. We drove out through St. Joseph, Arima, Sangre Grande, and Toco to Sans Souci on the north coast (east end). It is about seventy-five miles, but the road is good and Pound's new V-8 very comfortable. We passed the "5-mile stretch", about 3.8 miles long, and reached a belt of tropical forest a few miles beyond Sangre Grande. [[underline]] Station 96. [[/underline]] Five miles northeast of Sangre Grande on the road to Toco. A tropical forest containing nothing but more trees. Under bark of a rotten log found two species of Staph ^[[(2)]] [[insertion written in pencil]]and several larvae. Also some large black ants. [[end page]] [[left-hand page]] [[stamped page number, upper left]] 90 [[end stamp]] Trinidad 24. Stopped again about a mile farther on, but found nothing but some Myriapods. The mara is apparently a leguminous plant, and the bean, which is 2 x 4 inches, drops to the ground, opens out, and sends out roots and shoots. They are very abundant and form the underbrush this tree has very hard wood,--said to be seventh of the worlds' hardwoods. A few vines and epiphytes were the only other plants in the forest. [[underline]]Station 97. [[/underline]] Twenty-two miles north[[strikethrough]]west[[/strikethrough]][[overprint]]east [[/overprint]] ^[[Balandra Bay]] [[insertion is written in pencil]] of Sangre Grande on the road to Toco. A narrow beach, with sargassum weed scarce. Took two species of Staphs, a [[underline]] Cafius [[/underline]] [[penciled underline]] (4) [[/penciled underline]], and another [[penciled underline]] (2) [[/penciled underline]]. Also two other small beetles. From here we continued to Toco, the entrance northeast of Trinidad, from which can be seen Tobago, very faintly; and then westward along the north coast to Sans Souci, about five miles from Toco. [[underline]] Station 98. [[/underline]] One mile west of Sans Souci, on north coast. A large series of tiny ^[[(146)]] [[insertion is written in pencil]] Staphs (several species) in [[margin notation, black ink]] A [[end margin notation]] fungus; one Piestinal, tow or three other species of Staph, [[appears to have been written as a semi-colon, but the dot over the comma portion has been crossed out with an X]] a small Coprinae, [[appears to have been written as a semi-colon, but the dot over the comma portion has been crossed out with an X]] and Torficulids in [[margin notations, in black ink]] B, C. [[end margin notations]] rotten ^[[(7)]] [[insertion written in pencil]] cacao ^[[B]] [[insertion in black ink]] pods; and one Staph flying. ^[[C]] [[insertion written in black ink]] (The last put in with station 100.) [[end left-hand page]] [[right-hand page]] [[stamped page number in upper right]] 91 [[end stamp]] On the return we stopped for lunch and found that what had been prepared for two would have been ample for four. Just outside of Toco we took a photo of a palm-topped rock (exp. 1/25 & 8), the first on the Standard film. We also stopped for more than an hour at one of the beaches that is popular for bathing. Ruth and Mr. Pound went in. There was no sea-weed here. [[underline]]Station 99. [[/underline]] fourteen miles northeast of Sangre Grande on the road to Toco. A large group of fairly freshly felled trees. In fungus took quite a few small Staphs and a series of some other fungus beetle. The weather was fine up till now but grew so dark we couldn't stop in the forest again at all. Started to rain fitfully. [[underline]] Station 100 [[/underline]] One mile east of Sangre Grande on road to Toco. [[margin notation, in black ink]] A [[end margin notation]] In rotten cacao pods found several ^[[(7)]] [[insertion written in pencil]] Tachyporinae and a 3/8 inch Staphylininae. Failing light prevented further collecting. Under this number are placed also a few miscellaneous Staphs and other beetles caught flying in the car during the round-trip from Sangre Grande to Sans Souci and back--mostly near the former [[penciled note]] 92 Staphs) [[end note]] [[end page]] [[left-hand page]] [[stamped page number upper left]] 92 [[end stamp]] Trinidad 26. [[left margin note]] XII-16-35 [[end margin note]] Went to office of French Line and was informed that bad weather had delayed the Flandre a day "Come back tomorrow"! Spent the rest of the day at home writing cards and yesterday's notes. In the evening we went to the Globe Theater to see "upper World." Decided it had been cut. [[left margin note]] XII-17-35 [[end margin note]] Flandre arrived. The agent tried to tell me it had [[strikeout]]to [[/strikeout]] no cargo from Puerto Rico, but when I got him to look again he found it. I had to sign a release and get a permission to get the motor, and then went to the warehouse. The cargo wasn't yet landed, but the clerk sent a man with me to get the Customs matters fixed. I paid a deposit of$45.00. Then the man wanted a tip for his services--he had been unwanted but of some help. I gave him a shilling, but he said he expected a dollar. He didn't get it! Then I went to the Constabulary to get the license. They said return later, so I went to insurance office to change the date on my policy; and then home. After lunch I went back (12 o'clock), but was told to wait till one. So I bought some shorts, pyjamas, and socks, and went to the Furness office to inquire if the S.S. Moyra carries pas- [[end left page]] [[right-hand page]] [[stamped page number upper right]] 93 [[end stamp]] [[word continued from left-hand page]] sengers. She does not. There was no mail. Back to the license bureau. Finally got the license free, and right to use my D.C. plate. Then to the warehouse, where I found the motor landed. Had a man to help me open it,--took about half an hour. Everything was in good shape--oily and there was enough gas to get to a filling station. Tires were low and Bailey had forgotten to disconnect battery,--hadn't gone down though. Got to the house just in time for tea, and then rode out the St. Ann's road for about two or three miles. [[underline]]Station 101. [[/underline]] About one mile northeast of Port of Spain on the St. Ann's River road. One large coconut-palm weevil flying. Just after I got home Pound phoned to ask me to go out with him all-day tomorrow. I had no excuse, so I accepted, for 6:45 A.M! Ruth left at nine this morning with Mrs. Adamson for a trip to Gasparee Island in the Bocas. They spent the day with Mrs. Wharton and [[strikeout]] [[?]] [[/strikeout]] apparently had a fine time. They didn't get home until after six. No bugs or 12-inch centipedes accompanied them home! [[end page]]
[[left-hand page]] [[stamped page number]] 102 [[end stamp]] Trinidad 36. [[underline]] Station 108. [[/underline]] Along the river road about ten miles north of Arima. One Staph caught flying in the car. I got a little wet riding with the bamboo on the top of the car, and was pretty tired. Mr. Adamson brought us home before dinner. [[left margin note]] XII-23-35 [[end margin note]] In the morning went with Ruth to see if Cecil Jemmott was at his store. Have tried several times lately but he is always out. He advertises to buy stamps and we hope to persuade him to see us some in quantity. He was not in, so Ruth went to town, and I went to wharf to arrange for storage of the crate. They said it would be O.K. In the afternoon we worked on one of the sheets of stamps I got from Muir & Marshall's on the 21st. They cost 30¢ apiece and catalogue about $1.75. These were intended to be Christmas presents but we couldn't wait that long. [[left margin note]] XII-24-35 [[end margin note]] Went over early to see Jemmott. After some running around I found him and he took me to his home where he keeps his stamps. He had a box full (he estimated at 5000), and I finally bought the lot for$15.00. It as apparently unsorted and he included a sheet of stamps that catalogue around \$2.00. I forgot to say yesterday that I got for Ruth a set of coffee spoons [[end page]] [[right-hand page]] Trinidad 37. (cont. in Vol. 3) [[stamped page number upper right]] 103 [[end stamp]] that she had admired in a window. They are cheap but she thinks they're nice, so it's OK with me. In the afternoon we worked on the sheet from Jemmott and later opened the big lot and started sorting them. Found a very fine set of Trinidad and Tr. & Tobago, many of unusually high value. So far are very well satisfied with it. [[left margin note]] XII-25-35 [[end margin note]] Christmas. We didn't have a real celebration but had a few things to open. Ruth gave me two neckties and two books--"The Ex-Detective" by E.P. Oppenheim, and "The Door with the Seven Locks" by Edgar Wallace. She had already given me a subscription to Science. I gave her a set of six chromium coffee spoons that she had admired and the box of 5000 stamps that we opened yesterday. We spent most of the day washing and sorting the stamps. There was little celebration here at the house, though some of the young men had a party in the morning. We didn't have a real Christmas dinner. [[left margin note]] XII-26-35 [[end margin note]] Boxing Day. We are unable to find out what Boxing Day means. It is a public holiday and there are to be races at the Savannah. It was threatening and rained some in the afternoon. We worked on stamps practically all day. Kept Ruth at it so that she'd forget that ^[[she]] gets tired of stamps very easily. [[hand-drawn line across bottom of page]] [[end page]]