Helmut Karl Buechner Papers, 1939-1975

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These papers chiefly document Helmut Buechner's research interest in the ecology of terrestrial vertebrates, especially as applied to vegetation and social behavior. Significant subjects include Buechner's research on pronghorn antelopes in Texas; elk and deer of the Blue Mountains region of Washington; and bighorn sheep, notably Buechner's The Bighorn Sheep in the United States, Its Past, Present, and Future, 1959. Also present is material from Buechner's research on elephants and the kob in Uganda at various times between 1956 and 1972. The records likewise document a study of Indian rhinoceros mating behavior at the National Zoological Park in 1972, which led to the first successful live birth of this species in the Western Hemisphere in 1974. |Audio recordings were cataloged from transcriptions in box 16. Some transcriptions were not Some materials indicated to be field notes were not cataloged due being transcriptions of audio recordings; the collection does not include the original audio tapes (Field Notes and Research Material - California, 1955-1957; Field Notes and Research Material - Idaho, 1955-1956; Field Notes and Research Material - Montana, 1954-1955).

Date Range

1939 - 1975

Access Information

Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu.


  • Mammalia
  • Aves
  • Pinaceae
  • Animalia
  • Plantae
  • Mammals
  • Elk
  • Mule Deer
  • Whitetail Deer
  • Mountain Goat
  • Birds
  • Fir
  • Bighorn Sheep


  • Oregon
  • Blue Mountains
  • United States
  • Texas
  • Uganda
  • Kenya
  • Switzerland
  • Washington


Collection record

Accession #

SIA RU007279


104 items (field books, nonmusical sound recordings, black-and-white photographs, slides)

Physical Location

Smithsonian Institution Archives