Leonard Peter Schultz Papers, circa 1915-1970, with related papers from 1899

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Description

This collection consists of 30 items including field books, diaries, maps, photographic negatives, black-and-white photographs, and lantern slides, from 1924-1955. The items document the field work of Leonard P. Schultz on three separate expeditions: Operation Crossroads (1946); Bikini Scientific Resurvey (1947), and Navy Surveying Expedition to the Phoenix and Samoan Islands (1939).|The Crossroads Operation was an expedition to Bikini and the northern Marshall Islands in 1946 under the auspices of the Department of the Navy. Schultz was in charge of the biological investigation of the reef fishes in the area. His investigations centered on the relative abundance of fauna before and after the atom bomb tests. Specimens were collected for the purpose of comparison and to make possible a study of anatomical variations among the various island fish populations.|The Bikini Scientific Resurvey was an expedition conducted under the auspices of the Department of the Navy aboard the U.S.S. Chilton in 1947. Specimens were collected for the purpose of determining the effect of the atom bomb tests of the previous year on the relative abundance of fauna (primarily fish) in the immediate area. Schultz served as ichthyologist for the Resurvey.|Schultz served as a naturalist on the Navy Surveying Expedition to the Phoenix and Samoan Islands in 1939. His field notes consists of photographs, negatives, and lantern slides depicting coastlines, islands, landscapes, local inhabitants, birds, and vegetation.|The materials that were cataloged as part of this collection only represent a subset of the total materials in SIA Record Unit 7222.

Date Range

1924-1955

Access Information

Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu.

Topic

  • Animalia
  • Fishes
  • Birds

Place

  • Marshall Islands
  • Bikini Atoll

Form/Genre

Collection record

Accession #

SIA RU007222

Extent

30 items

Physical Location

Smithsonian Institution Archives