Ludwig, James P.

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Biographical History

Jim Ludwig was born in 1941, and began bird banding at eight years old. He worked with Pacific Ocean Biological Survey Program from 1963 to 1964, tagging and collecting fauna, as well as surveying vegetation. Jim went on to obtain his Master’s degree from the University of Michigan in 1968, and has worked as an ecologist, focusing on chemical contamination and the ecology of the Great Lakes.


  • Amazon. (2013). [about the author] The Dismal State of the Great Lakes: An Ecologist's Analysis of Why it Happened and How to Fix the Mess We Have Made. Accessed on August 1, 2016 from
  • Smithsonian Institution Archives. Record Unit 000245, National Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Pacific Ocean Biological Survey Program, Records, circa 1961-1973, with data from 1923. Box 241, Folder 1 entitled "Personnel cards, giving address, phone, relatives; personal data."

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