Milligan, Josephine Mason

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Biographical History

Josephine Mason Milligan (1835-1911) was born on February 27, 1835, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. She married Harvey William Milligan in 1856, in Decaturville, Tennessee. She collected plants in Massachusetts, Michigan, Illinois, Tennessee, Virginia, Florida, Alabama, Louisiana, Missouri, Nebraska, Kansas, Colorado, Texas, and Montana between 1863 and 1893. She kept an herbarium of wildflowers of Central Illinois, which she donated to the Smithsonian Institution after her death on July 6, 1911, in Jacksonville, Illinois. Milligan was an active member of her community in Jacksonville, Illinois, where she founded the Jacksonville Sorosis in 1868, and the Jacksonville Household Science Club in 1885.


  • Transactions of the Illinois State (1876). Horticultural Society, 9.
  • Barnhart, J. H. (1965). Biographical notes upon botanists. Boston, MA: G. K. Hall.
  • Osborne, G. L. (2009). Brief biographies of the figurines on display in the Illinois state historical library. Retrieved from:

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