Cháves, Diocleciano, 1844-1936

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Biographical History

Diocleciano Cháves was a born in Barrio Sajonia of Villa de Santiago de Managua, Nicaragua, in 1844. He was a carpenter by training, later pursuing an interest in the natural sciences, and founded the National Museum of Nicaragua. At the age of eight his parents died in a cholera epidemic. The family’s wealth assured his care, and he eventually ended up being trained in carpentry under Macario Estrada. He also trained under Velarde who arranged for Chávez work live and work on an estate where he began learning French, and a broad range of topics including taxidermy. As a young adult, Chávez changed careers, and began to study the natural sciences including (botany, archaeology, entomology, and geology). He started traveling and collecting extensively across Nicaragua.


Natural History Museum (BM). “Chávez, Diocleciano (1843-1936).” Jstor Global Plants. Retrieved October 24, 2013 from

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