SIA RU007417, Bailey, Florence Merriam 1863-1948, Florence Merriam Bailey Papers, 1865-1942

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Summary

Creator:
Bailey, Florence Merriam 1863-1948
Title:
Florence Merriam Bailey Papers, 1865-1942
Dates:
1865, 1865-1942
Summary:
These papers consist of Florence Merriam Bailey's diaries, 1874, 1887, as well as additional journals kept on trips to Bermuda, 1890, California, 1907 and Maine 1911. Other materials include expense account books; articles and news clippings concerning and written by Bailey; a scrapbook; childhood writings; college papers and memorabilia; manuscripts of papers on birds; reading lists; one letter; and photographs of family and various landscapes. Also included are oversize photographs of a relative's golden wedding celebration
Topic:
Ornithology
Subject:
Bailey, Florence Merriam 1863-1948
Form/Genre:
Photographs, Collection descriptions, Manuscripts
Local Number:
SIA RU007417
Physical Description:
2.19 cu. ft

Finding Aids to Personal Papers and Special Collections in the Smithsonian Institution Archives

Record Unit 7417

Bailey, Florence Merriam, 1863

Florence Merriam Bailey Papers, 1865-1942

Repository: Smithsonian Institution Archives, Washington, D.C. Contact us at osiaref@si.edu.
Creator: Bailey, Florence Merriam, 1863
Title: Florence Merriam Bailey Papers
Dates: 1865-1942
Quantity: 2.19 cu. ft.
Collection: Record Unit 7417
Language of Materials: English

Historical Note

Born in Locust Grove, New York during the Civil War, Florence Merriam Bailey (1863-1948), devoted her life to the study and protection of birds. From her work in ornithology she authored over ten books, including several field guides to birds, and close to one hundred articles. Though interested in birds as a child, she gained recognition as a naturalist while at Smith College. Disgusted by the use of feathers and whole birds in fashion, she started the Smith College Audubon Society.

Her later accomplishments include establishing the Washington, D.C., Audubon Society and becoming the first female associate member of the Ornithologists Union (1885). Within that organization she was the both the first female fellow (1929) and the first female recipient of the Brewster Medal (1931). In 1908 a kind of California Mountain Chickadee was named Parus gambeli baileyae in her honor.

Bailey's relations with prominent scientists augmented her own distinguished career. C. Hart Merriam, her brother, was the first chief of the U.S. Bureau of Biological Survey, as well as a co-founder of the National Geographic Society. His work also led to Florence's introduction, and subsequent marriage, to fellow Bureau naturalist, Vernon Bailey. From their travels to the Western United States the Bailey's produced several works on the distinctive, and largely unexplored, flora and fauna in that region. As an amateur ornithologist Florence Bailey was at the forefront of the movement to use binoculars, rather than shotguns, to observe birds. She died in Washington, D.C., on September 22, 1948.

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Descriptive Entry

These papers consist of Florence Merriam Bailey's diaries, 1874, 1887, as well as additional journals kept on trips to Bermuda, 1890, California, 1907 and Maine 1911. Other materials include expense account books; articles and news clippings concerning and written by Bailey; a scrapbook; childhood writings; college papers and memorabilia; manuscripts of papers on birds; reading lists; one letter; and photographs of family and various landscapes. Also included are oversized photographs of a relative's golden wedding celebration.

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This collection is indexed under the following access terms. These are links to collections with related topics, persons or places.

Name

Subject

Physical Characteristics of Materials in the Collection

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Preferred Citation

Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7417, Bailey, Florence Merriam, 1863, Florence Merriam Bailey Papers

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Container List

Box 1

Diary 1874

Box 1 of 4

Diary 1887

Box 1 of 4

Journal - Bermuda, March 1890

Box 1 of 4

Journal - California, 1907

Box 1 of 4

Journal from a trip to Maine, 1911

Box 1 of 4

Journal - California, undated

Box 1 of 4

Expense account books, 1876-1881 and 1891-1899

Box 1 of 4

Bird Lists, 1910 and undated

Box 1 of 4

Box 2

Scrapbook, c. 1886-1930

Box 2 of 4

Journal Articles and News Clippings concerning Florence Merriam Bailey

Box 2 of 4

Journal Articles and News Clippings concerning Florence Merriam Bailey

Box 2 of 4

Newspaper clipping, Boonville Herald, 10/24/1889, re: Merriam family trip to Arizona

Box 2 of 4

Manuscript - "A Woodland Circuit," undated

Box 2 of 4

Manuscript - "Current Events in the Bird World," March 28, 1899

Box 2 of 4

Miscellaneous photographs, undated

Box 2 of 4

Miscellaneous photographs, 1892, 1895, 1898 and undated

Box 2 of 4

Photograph of Florence Merriam Bailey , undated

Box 2 of 4

Photographs of "Homewood," the Merriam home

Box 2 of 4

Box 3

Childhood writings

Box 3 of 4

Reading lists, undated, 2 vols.

Box 3 of 4

College papers: Carlyle, The Man, Sept. 1885

Box 3 of 4

Smith College papers - Comparative religion, 1886

Box 3 of 4

College papers, "Favorite Haunts," April 22, 1886

Box 3 of 4

College papers: Evolution, June 1886

Box 3 of 4

College papers: The Adirondacks, undated

Box 3 of 4

College papers, miscellaneous

Box 3 of 4

Class of '86 Smith College Publication, 2 vols.

Box 3 of 4

Notebook, "Figures and Illustrations," July 1889. Contain early writings of Florence Merriam Bailey

Box 3 of 4

Notebook containing information of Florence Merriam's marriage to V. O. Bailey, 1899

Box 3 of 4

Letter, Florence Merriam Bailey to "My Dear Dorothy," 12/9/1942

Box 3 of 4

Mormon Families, Farmington, Utah

Box 3 of 4

Box 4

Large format photographs

Box 4 of 4

Golden Wedding booklet

Box 4 of 4

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