SIA RU007376, Morrison, Joseph Paul Eldred, Joseph P. E. Morrison Papers, 1923-1973 and undated
- Morrison, Joseph Paul Eldred
- Joseph P. E. Morrison Papers, 1923-1973 and undated
- 1923, 1923-1973, 1923-1973 and undated
- Joseph P. E. Morrison (1906-1983), a malacologist, was born in South Bend, Indiana. He was interested in zoology from his early childhood and spent much of his spare time collecting animals near his home. He graduated from the University of Chicago in 1926 and earned his M.S. (1929) and Ph.D. (1931) from the University of Wisconsin. Before joining the Smithsonian, he worked as a researcher for the Illinois State Museum, the Mount Desert Island (Maine) Biological Survey, and the Wisconsin State Natural History Survey. He began his career with the Division of Mollusks, United States National Museum (USNM), in 1934 as a Senior Scientific Aid. He was made Assistant Curator in 1942 and Associate Curator in 1946, a post he retained until his retirement in 1975
- While at the USNM, Morrison also did research for the Army Chemical Warfare Service in San Jose, Panama, in 1944. He participated in both the Crossroads Operation and the Bikini Scientific Resurvey research of the atomic bomb test sites in the Marshall Islands in 1946 and 1947. He was a consultant on medical and veterinary issues for the United States Department of Agriculture, the National Institutes of Health and the United States Fish and Wildlife Service, as well as acting as an adviser to colleagues and students
- The largest portion of Morrison's papers consists of professional correspondence, written and received between 1923 and 1973. It documents his research interests and the extent of his influence as an adviser and research editor to students and colleagues worldwide in malacological matters. In addition there are small groups of letters, notes and other materials that relate to Morrison's expeditions and his special interest in specimen collecting equipment and methods. Also included are research notes and information he collected which show the breadth of his interests. Although some of Morrison's expeditions and advisory work are not completely documented, the papers are representative of most of his interests and expertise
- Morrison, Joseph Paul Eldred, Wisconsin State Natural History Survey, Crossroads Operation, Bikini Scientific Resurvey 1947, United States National Museum Division of Mollusks, National Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Division of Mollusks, United States Dept. of Agriculture, National Institutes of Health (U.S.), U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Illinois State Museum, University of Chicago, United States Army Chemical Warfare Service, Mount Desert Island Biological Laboratory, University of Wisconsin
- Mixed archival materials, Collection descriptions
- Local Number:
- SIA RU007376
- Physical Description:
- 0.4 linear meter
Finding Aids to Personal Papers and Special Collections in the Smithsonian Institution Archives
Table of Contents
- Collection Overview
- Historical Note
- Descriptive Entry
- Index Terms
- Administrative Information
- Container List
- Series 1 - General Correspondence, 1923-1973 and undated. Arranged alphabetically.
- Series 2 - Publications and Related Material, 1938-1940, 1945-1961, 1967-1972.
- Series 3 - Specimen Collecting Equipment, 1944-1969.
- Series 4 - Expeditions, 1944-1966.
- Series 5 - Biographical Information, 1927-1963.
- Series 6 - Research and Professional Materials, 1926, 1942-1973 and undated.
Record Unit 7376
Morrison, Joseph Paul Eldred
Joseph P. E. Morrison Papers, 1923-1973 and undated
|Repository:||Smithsonian Institution Archives, Washington, D.C. Contact us at email@example.com.|
|Creator:||Morrison, Joseph Paul Eldred|
|Title:||Joseph P. E. Morrison Papers|
|Dates:||1923-1973 and undated|
|Quantity:||0.4 linear meter.|
|Collection:||Record Unit 7376|
|Language of Materials:||English|
Joseph Paul Eldred Morrison (1906-1983), a respected authority in malacology, was born at South Bend, Indiana. His parents, Robert and Edith Eldred, were missionaries in Congo Belge [Belgian Congo], Africa, where his two brothers were born. After their mother's death in 1912 and father's death in 1913, the three boys became foster sons of Dr. and Mrs. Hugh Tucker Morrison.
Joseph Morrison was interested in zoology from his childhood, and at age 12 took a correspondence course in taxidermy. He spent much of his spare time collecting animals around his home in Springfield, Illinois. He graduated from the University of Chicago in 1926 and went on to earn his M.S. (1929) and Ph.D. (1931) from the University of Wisconsin. While in school, Morrison worked as a researcher in zoology at the Illinois State Museum; the Mount Desert Island, Maine, Biological Survey; and the Wisconsin State Natural History Survey. He also taught briefly before joining the Division of Mollusks, United States National Museum, as a senior scientific aid in 1934. He was made assistant curator on September 1, 1942, and associate curator in 1946, where he remained until his retirement in 1975.
While at the Smithsonian, Morrison collected mollusks locally and on expedition. He did research for the Army Chemical Warfare Service in San Jose, Panama, in 1944. He also participated in both Operation Crossroads and the Bikini Scientific Resurvey research of the atomic bomb test sites in the Marshall Islands in 1946 and 1947. Aside from traveling and collecting, Morrison acted as a consultant on medical and veterinary topics for the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), the Surgeon General, the National Institutes of Health (NIH), and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. He also served as an editorial consultant for National Geographic Magazine, as well as adviser to many colleagues and students. He was known as an expert in all three major areas of molluscan study: freshwater, land, and marine. He was a prolific writer, with over 100 publications and 175 new molluscan taxa introduced. Especially interested in specimen collection equipment, he designed or modified various dredges, nets, traps and firearms, including a .30 caliber M1 carbine that was used in a survival kit for World War II troops.
- Born December 17 at South Bend, Indiana
- Parents deceased, Congo Belge
- Northwestern School of Taxidermy, correspondence course
- Attended Transylvania College, Lexington, Kentucky
- Illinois State Museum, zoological specialist, summer
- Student assistant in Zoology, Transylvania College
- Attended University of Chicago, B.S., 1926
- Expedition to British Guiana as student at Kartabo Laboratory of University of Pittsburgh
- Illinois State Museum, zoological specialist, summer
- Zoologist, Mt. Desert Island, Maine, Biological Survey, summers
- Attended University of Wisconsin, M.S., 1929, Ph.D., 1931
- Graduate assistant in zoology at University of Wisconsin
- Elected to Phi Sigma
- Married Dorothy Louise Dunn
- Elected to Sigma Xi
- Published first article on mollusks, "A preliminary list of the Mollusca of Dane County, Wisconsin"
- Zoologist, Wisconsin State Geological and Natural History Survey, summers
- Professor in Zoology at Crane Junior College, Chicago
- Elected to the Wisconsin Academy of Sciences, Arts and Letters
- Taught botany and zoology at Kelly Senior High School, Chicago
- Senior scientific aid, Division of Mollusks, U. S. National Museum
- Invented collapsible funnel fish trap
- Member, National Speleological Society
- Assistant curator, Division of Mollusks, U. S. National Museum
- Expedition to San Jose Island, Pearl Islands, Panama, for U. S. Army Chemical Warfare Service, with Alexander Wetmore
- Expedition to Bikini Atoll, Marshall Islands, for U. S. Army/Navy Operation Crossroads, with Leonard P. Schultz
- Promoted to associate curator, Division of Mollusks, U. S. National Museum
- Member, Washington Biologists Field Club
- Member, Atoll Research Panel of the Pacific Science Board
- Bikini Scientific Resurvey, Marshall Islands
- Associate editor, Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences
- Vice-President, American Malacological Union
- President, American Malacological Union
- Editor, Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences
- Expedition to Raroia, Tuamotu Islands, for Pacific Science Board
- Life member, American Malacological Union
- Senior editor, Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences
- Life member, National Rifle Association
- Trip to Mt. St. Hilaire, Quebec, with American Malacological Union
- Expedition to New Caledonia
- Vice-President, Biological Society of Washington
- Research trip to St. Petersburg, Florida
- Member, Society of Systematic Zoology
- President, National Capitol Shell Club
- Acting president, Biological Society of Washington
- International Conference on Estuaries, Jekyll Island, Georgia
- Expedition to Dominica
- Expedition to Mexico
- Retired from Smithsonian Institution
- Death, December 12
This finding aid was digitized with funds generously provided by the Smithsonian Institution Women's Committee.
The largest portion of Morrison's papers consists of professional correspondence written and received between 1923 and 1973. It documents his research interests and the extent of his influence as an adviser and research editor to students and colleagues worldwide in malacological matters. In addition there are small groups of letters, notes and other materials that relate to Morrison's employment, participation in expeditions, work as an author, and his special interest in collecting equipment and methods. Also included are research notes and information he collected which show the breadth of his interest. Although some of Morrison's expeditions and advisory work are incompletely documented or not covered at all, the papers are representative of most of his interests and expertise.
The bulk of Morrison's papers are dated between 1944 and 1970, covering a large portion of his Smithsonian career. His earlier career is covered less well, and there is little except a few letters dated prior to 1925. There are no papers dated before 1923 or after 1973. Additional information about Morrison's Smithsonian career may be found in the records of the Division of Mollusks (Record Unit 73) in the Smithsonian Institution Archives.
This collection is indexed under the following access terms. These are links to collections with related topics, persons or places.
- Bikini Scientific Resurvey 1947.
- Crossroads Operation.
- Division of Mollusks (NMNH)
- Division of Mollusks (USNM)
- Morrison, Joseph Paul Eldred.
- National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Division of Mollusks
- United States National Museum. Division of Mollusks.
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7376, Morrison, Joseph Paul Eldred, Joseph P. E. Morrison Papers
Series 1General Correspondence, 1923-1973 and undated. Arranged alphabetically.
This series includes professional correspondence on all topics not covered in other series. Morrison often apologized for being a poor correspondent, but there is still useful documentation of his activities in research, education, and professional societies, although his role as an adviser to United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), National Institutes of Health (NIH), and National Geographic Magazine is not covered. Correspondents include educators at all levels, students, professional colleagues, both domestic and foreign, and amateur collectors. The letters concern the identification of specimens, specimen care, nomenclature, research reports, specimen trades and loans, and professional society activities.
The bulk of the correspondence is dated between 1950 and 1969. It covers Morrison's career well during these years, and less well from 1925-1950 and after 1969.
Included among the correspondence are occasional photographs, manuscripts and notes, as noted in the individual folder listings. For correspondence relating to Morrison's publications, specimen-collecting equipment and expeditions, see Series 2, 3, and 4, respectively.
Folder 1 A, general. Correspondents include Robert Tucker Abbott, W. C. Allee and Herbert D. Athearn.
Folder 2 B, general. Correspondents include Joshua L. Baily, Jr., Frank C. Baker, Horace B. Baker, Kenneth C. Boss, Robert C. Bright, John B. Burch and Paul R. Burch.
Folder 3 C, general. Includes letters from Harold Jefferson Coolidge concerning atoll research projects of the Pacific Science Board. For additional correspondence, see Box 3, folder 5. Other correspondents include Emery P. Chace, Paul Chanley, Arthur H. Clarke, Jr. and William James Clench.
Folder 4 D, general. Includes correspondence with Henry Dodge regarding a research project. Other correspondents include Maxwell Doty (for more correspondence, see Box 3, folder 5) and Robert J. Drake.
Folder 5 E, F, G, general
Folder 6 H, general. Letter of March 2, 1959, from William B. Horning includes a map of Cowan Lake, Ohio. Other correspondents include Fritz Haas, William H. Heard, Chatt Himley, Glenn L. Hoffman, Paul A. Holle and Leslie Hubricht.
Folder 7 I, J, general. Correspondents include William M. Ingram and Morris Karl Jacobson.
Folder 8 K, L, general. Correspondents includes Sally Diana Kaicher, A. Myra Keen, A. Remington Kellogg (for more correspondence, see Box 2, folder 10 and Box 3, folder 2) and A. Byron Leonard.
Folder 1 M, general. Letters of November 19, 1962 from Edna Marcott; of April 2, 1970 from James H. McLean; and of September 5, 1961 from Percy A. Morris include photographs of shells. Other correspondents include Donald F. McMichael, Donald R. Moore and Alan Mozely (for more correspondence, see Box 3, folder 2).
Folder 2 N, O, P, general. Letter of November 6, 1962, from H. Eugene Ostmark includes photographs of slug damage to bananas; letter of February 20, 1947 from Katherine Palmer includes photograph of Cayuga Lake. Other correspondents include Michael O'Heeron, William E. Old, Axel Olsson, T. Pain, Orlando Park, Juan Jose Parodiz and Henry A. Pilsbry.
Folder 3 R, general. Correspondents include Harald A. Rehder (for more correspondence, see Box 3, folder 5), Carl D. Riggs and Robert Robertson.
Folder 4 S, general. Letter of May 24, 1955 to Allyn Goodwin Smith includes manuscript, "What is Helix Whitneyi Newcomb?" Other correspondents include Waldo LaSalle Schmitt (for more correspondence see Box 2, folder 9), Albert C. Smith (for more correspondence see Box 3, folder 5), Francis A. and Emily Smith, Alan Solem and Victor Sterki.
Folder 5 Starrett, William C. Letter of June 24, 1968 includes manuscript, "Mussel Fauna of the Illinois River." Letter of July 1, 1968 includes illustrations for manuscript.
Folder 6 T, U, V, general. Correspondents include Robert R. Talmadge, Dwight W. Taylor, Margaret C. Teskey, Henry C. Tracy and Gordon Usticke.
Folder 7 W, Y, Z, general. Correspondents include Waldemar M. Walter, Jay A. Weber, Alexander Wetmore (for more correspondence see Box 2, folder 9 and Box 3, folders 1-3) and James Zetek.
Folder 8 Whitehead, Kenneth D. Letter of November 5, 1971 includes research proposal of J. B. Burch, "Systematic Studies of the Molluscan Genus Bulimus in Africa and Adjacent Regions."
Folder 9 Unidentified correspondence
Series 2Publications and Related Material, 1938-1940, 1945-1961, 1967-1972.
Most of the papers in this series are drafts or carbon copies of scientific articles or contributions to reports of the Pacific Science Board. There is a small amount of correspondence related to publication of Morrison's work, such as manuscript submission, acceptance, and rejection letters. Also included are a draft bibliography, research budget proposals, notices from printers and miscellaneous notes. After his death, Morrison's final bibliography and taxa list were published in The Nautilus 98(1), January 30, 1984.
Folder 10 Correspondence related to publications, arranged chronologically, 1938-1939, 1947-1953, 1961, 1967-1971. See also Series 1, Box 1, folder 7, for letters from William Ingram of January 21, 1953; February 14, 1956; and February 3, 1961 relating to a research report on the Marshall Islands. Bibliography, including works published 1929-1959, research budget proposals, 1967-1968, and miscellaneous.
Folder 1 Manuscripts, arranged alphabetically:
Series 3Specimen Collecting Equipment, 1944-1969.
This series consists of correspondence and notes primarily concerning collecting devices developed by Morrison. Most of the correspondence is concerned with firearms. The notes mainly deal with traps and other collecting devices.
Folder 2 Correspondence related to firearms and other specimen-collecting equipment, arranged chronologically, 1944-1962, 1967-1969. Also contains notes on poisons, dredges, traps, guns, and collecting methods.
Series 4Expeditions, 1944-1966.
This series includes materials documenting each of the major expeditions Morrison participated in from 1944 to 1966. Also included are a few reports on shorter trips made for research purposes. The Marshall Islands and Raroia expeditions are documented most completely.
Folder 3 San Jose Island, Panama, 1944. Correspondence, arranged chronologically, almost all from Alexander Wetmore.
Folder 4 Bikini Atoll, Marshall Islands, Operation Crossroads 1946, and Bikini Scientific Resurvey 1947. Includes correspondence, arranged chronologically; directories of participants in project; expense reports; equipment lists; lists of specimens collected; a report on research; and news clippings.
Folder 5 Raroia, Tuamotus, 1952. Includes correspondence, arranged chronologically; equipment lists, notes and news clippings.
Folder 6 New Caledonia, 1961. Correspondence, arranged chronologically, mostly from Harald A. Rehder and Herbert Friedmann.
Folder 7 Dominica, 1965. Includes correspondence, field notes, equipment list, and expense reports.
Folder 8 Mexico, 1966. Includes research description, correspondence, and expense reports.
Folder 9 Other trips. Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, March 1964; Museum of Comparative Zoology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, and Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, March 1962; St. Petersburg, Florida, February 1962; Mount St. Hilaire, Quebec, Canada, August 1960; Newport News, Virginia, November 1952; Chicago, Illinois, June 1950.
Series 5Biographical Information, 1927-1963.
This series consists of correspondence related to Morrison's employment, resumes, a bibliography, inventions list, applications for employment and society membership, news clippings, membership cards and employment notices.
Folder 10 Biographical information, 1927-1963
Series 6Research and Professional Materials, 1926, 1942-1973 and undated.
This series includes research notes as well as news clippings and informational papers collected by Morrison. Also included are such items as society membership lists and miscellaneous sketches and photographs.
Folder 11 Notes on Mollusks, arranged alphabetically:
Folder 12 News clippings, membership lists, reports, glossary, general information
Folder 13 Miscellaneous and unidentified, includes a few sketches and photos
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