SIA RU007107, Hubbard, Henry Guernsey, Henry Guernsey Hubbard Papers, 1871-1899
- Hubbard, Henry Guernsey
- Henry Guernsey Hubbard Papers, 1871-1899
- Data Source:
- Smithsonian Institution Archives
- 1871, 1871-1899
- Henry Guernsey Hubbard (1850-1899) was a horticulturist and botanist as well as an entomologist. He attended Harvard University in the days of Louis Agassiz and Asa Gray, graduating in 1873. His interest in entomology was influenced by Hermann August Hagen and Baron von Osten-Sacken. He also met Eugene Amandus Schwarz, who became his best personal and professional friend.
- These papers concern the taxonomy and biology of insects, especially pests of cotton and orange trees, and incidentally relate to botany and horticulture. They include a collection of field notebooks, 1873-1898, for field work in Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, Kentucky, Michigan, Virginia, and Jamaica; drawings, notes, and plates relating to Hubbard's publications; and correspondence with Theodore D. A. Cockerell, Hermann Hagen, Leland Ossian Howard, John Lawrence LeConte, Fritz Muller, and Eugene Amandus Schwarz.
- Botany, Entomology
- Cockerell, Theodore D. A (Theodore Dru Alison) 1866-1948, Hagen, Hermann August 1817-1893, Howard, L. O (Leland Ossian) 1857-1950, Müller, Fritz 1822-1897, Schwarz, Eugene Amandus 1844-1928, LeConte, John L (John Lawrence) 1825-1883, Agassiz, Louis 1807-1873, Gray, Asa 1810-1888, Osten-Sacken, C. R (Carl Robert) 1828-1906, Harvard University
- Scientific illustrations, Collection descriptions, Field notes
- Local Number:
- SIA RU007107
- Physical Description:
- 1.93 cu. ft. (2 document boxes) (2 half document boxes) (1 12x17 box)
Finding Aids to Personal Papers and Special Collections in the Smithsonian Institution Archives
Table of Contents
Record Unit 7107
Hubbard, Henry Guernsey
Henry Guernsey Hubbard Papers, 1871-1899
|General Information About This Collection|
|Repository:||Smithsonian Institution Archives, Washington, D.C. Contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.|
|Creator:||Hubbard, Henry Guernsey|
|Title:||Henry Guernsey Hubbard Papers|
|Quantity:||0.5 linear meter.|
|Collection:||Record Unit 7107|
|Language of Materials:||English|
Henry Guernsey Hubbard (1850-1899), horticulturist, botanist, and entomologist, graduated from Harvard University in 1873. His interest in entomology was influenced by Hermann Hagen, Baron von Osten-Sacken, and Eugene Amandus Schwarz, who became his closest professional colleague. Hubbard and Schwarz conducted several expeditions to Michigan, collecting specimens in the Lake Superior region in 1874, 1876, 1877, and 1878. In 1877 he travelled to Jamaica to study and collect termites. He accepted a position as naturalist with the Geological Survey of Kentucky in 1879, and became interested in the fauna of caves. Between 1880 and 1889, Hubbard lived in Florida where his research was primarily concentrated on horticulture. His entomological work during these years focused on insect pests of the orange tree and he developed a kerosene emulsion as a remedy for haustellate insects. This work culminated in publication of the Department of Agriculture "Report on Orange Insects" in 1885. From 1889 to 1892, Hubbard made collecting trips to Michigan, Montana, Utah, and Oregon. He returned to Florida in 1893 to conduct investigations of the insect guests of the Florida land tortoise. In 1894 he accompanied Charles V. Riley on a collecting trip to the British West Indies. Between 1896 and his death in 1899, his health interfered with his work, although he continued to collect whenever possible.
This finding aid was digitized with funds generously provided by the Smithsonian Institution Women's Committee.
The papers of Henry Guernsey Hubbard primarily concern his research on the taxonomy and biology of insects, especially pests of cotton and orange trees. Also included is material concerning his interest in botany and horticulture. They include field notebooks, documenting work in Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, Kentucky, Michigan, Virginia, and Jamaica; drawings, notes and plates relating to Hubbard's publications; and correspondence with Theodore D. A. Cockerell, Hermann August Hagan, Leland Ossian Howard, John Lawrence LeConte, Friz Muller, and Eugene Amandus Schwarz.
This collection is indexed under the following access terms. These are links to collections with related topics, persons or places.
- Cockerell, Theodore D. A. (Theodore Dru Alison), 1866-1948.
- Hagen, Hermann August, 1817-1893.
- Howard, L. O. (Leland Ossian), 1857-1950
- LeConte, John L. (John Lawrence), 1825-1883
- Muller, Fritz, 1822-1897.
- Schwarz, Eugene Amandus, 1844-1928
Physical Characteristics of Materials in the Collection
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7107, Hubbard, Henry Guernsey, Henry Guernsey Hubbard Papers
Series 1NOTEBOOKS, 1873-1899.
This series consists mostly of field notebooks and diaries maintained by Hubbard on collecting trips. Also included are observations (biological information), rearing data, readings lists, and a few notes taken during his college career at Harvard.
Folder 1 Notes, probably taken at Harvard, 1873
Folder 2 List of Coleoptera collected in the lower peninsula of Michigan, Hubbard and Schwarz, 1877
Folder 3 Notes from Jamaica, 1877
Folder 4 Journal of trip to New York State, 1878, also including information on a trip while a student at Harvard, circa 1871
Folder 5 Expedition to Cumberland Mountains of Virginia and Mammouth Cave, Kentucky, 1879
Folder 6 Observations made in Florida on cotton worms and other pests done for the United States Entomological Commission
Folder 7 Rearing records and Florida Notes (Experiments), notably Hubbard's development of kerosene emulsion, and Biological Series, work on orange insects, 1895
Folder 8 Florida Diary, 1880
Folder 9 Florida Diaries, 1880-1881
Folder 10 Florida Diaries, 1881-1882
Folder 11 Field Notebooks of trip to Lake Superior area of United States and Canada, 1889
Folder 12 Diaries of expeditions to Portland, Oregon, with Schwarz, list of photographs taken, 1892
Folder 13 Diary of trip to British West Indies with Riley, 1894
Folder 14 Biological Series, Crescent City, Florida (related to experiment book of 1881), 1895
Folder 15 Biological, Arizona, 1896-1898, mostly observations
Folder 16 Field Notes and Diary of trip to Arizona, 1896-1897, and the Colorado Desert, 1897
Folder 17 Field Notes, Arizona, 1897
Folder 18 Field Notes, Arizona, 1897 (volume 2)
Folder 19 Field Notes, Arizona, 1898
Folder 20 Miscellaneous Notebooks, dating as late as 1899, including addresses of associates or correspondents, lists of equipment for outings, books to be purchased or read
Series 2CORRESPONDENCE, 1876-1892.
Folder 1 Letters from Eugene Amandus Schwarz, 1891-1892
Folder 2 Correspondence received and draft copies of letters, 1876, 1880-1881, 1895-1896. Correspondents include Theodore D. A. Cockerell, Hermann August Hagen, Leland Ossian Howard, John Lawrence LeConte, and Friz Muller.
Series 3NOTES, DRAWINGS, PLATES.
Folder 3 Jamaican Notes. A general paper on Jamaica, probably for a talk after Hubbard's trip to the British West Indies in 1894.
Folder 4 Plates and Illustrations, Orange Insects
Folder 5 Notes and Illustrations
Folder 6 Notes on enemies of the Orange Tree
Folder 7 Notes for Illustrations and the Illustrations for publications relating to orange insects
Folder 8 Drawings
Folder 9 Drawings, Descriptions and Plates
Folder 10 Illustrations for paper on Ambrosia Beetles
Folder 1 Lists of Coleoptera Collected, Arizona, Utah, Florida, 1879-1891
Folder 2 Notes. Coleoptera found in Arizona, New Mexico, California.
Folder 3 Field Notes, probably California
Folder 4 "The Moonshiners of the Pocket Country." Anecdotes from field trips to Cumberland Mountains of Virginia.
Folder 5 Catalogue and Index to Michigan Coleoptera collected in 1874
Folder 1 Lists of collections from Yellowstone Park, N. W. U. S., Kentucky, Virginia, Arizona and Colorado desert
Using the Archives' Collections
Note: In order to access PDFs, you must have the Adobe Acrobat Reader software which is available free of charge.