SIA RU007099, Washington Academy of Sciences (Washington, D.C.), Records, circa 1888-1972
- Washington Academy of Sciences (Washington, D.C.)
- Records, circa 1888-1972
- 1888, 1888-1972, circa 1888-1972
- The Washington Academy of Sciences, incorporated February 18, 1898, serves as the federal head of thirty-five affiliated scientific societies in the Washington, D.C., area. Prior to incorporation of the Academy, a Joint Commission was set up in 1888 as an advisory body to the societies. The Joint Commission was dissolved in 1898 and the Board of Managers of the Academy took its place. The primary function of the Academy is promoting science through the publication of the Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences, conducting science fairs, and sponsoring the Junior Academy of Sciences
- The records of the Academy include proceedings of the Joint Commission, minutes of general Academy and Board of Managers meetings, correspondence, membership applications, scrapbooks, photographs, and publications
- Joint Commission of Scientific Societies of Washington, D.C, Junior Academy of Sciences
- Photographs, Collection descriptions
- Local Number:
- SIA RU007099
- Physical Description:
- 5.7 linear meters
Finding Aids to Records of Professional Societies in the Smithsonian Institution Archives
Table of Contents
- Collection Overview
- Historical Note
- Descriptive Entry
- Index Terms
- Administrative Information
- Container List
- Series 1 - PROCEEDINGS OF THE JOINT COMMISSION, 1888-1898, bound, 2 volumes.
- Series 2 - MINUTES OF ACADEMY MEETINGS, 1908-1936, MINUTES OF THE BOARD OF MANAGERS, bound, 14 volumes.
- Series 3 - OUTGOING CORRESPONDENCE, 1900-1912, bound letterpress, 6 volumes arranged chronologically.
- Series 4 - GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE, 1901-1968
- Series 5 - MEMBERSHIP APPLICATIONS.
- Series 6 - SCRAPBOOKS, 1898-ca. 1962, 2 volumes.
- Series 7 - PHOTOGRAPHS
- Series 8 - PUBLICATIONS, 1889-1972.
Record Unit 7099
Washington Academy of Sciences
Records, circa 1888-1972
|Repository:||Smithsonian Institution Archives, Washington, D.C. Contact us at email@example.com.|
|Creator:||Washington Academy of Sciences|
|Quantity:||5.7 linear meters.|
|Collection:||Record Unit 7099|
|Language of Materials:||English|
The Washington Academy of Sciences was incorporated on February 18, 1898. It serves as the federal head of thirty-five affiliated scientific societies in the Washington, D.C., area. Most of the affiliates are local chapters of national organizations; some, however, are independent of any national organization. Each affiliated society selects a delegate to represent that society on the Board of Managers, the governing body of the Academy.
During the 1880s scientists in the Washington area were establishing scientific societies that catered to their needs and interests. As the number of these societies increased, it became obvious that a federation was needed to unite their activities. A Joint Committee of Conference met in 1882 with the union in mind, but the idea was dismissed when the Philosophical Society rejected the plan.
Toward the close of the decade, the desire for a federation was renewed. Thus, in 1888, a Joint Commission was created that served only as an advisory body to the scientific societies; individual societies were not bound to the Commission's decisions. In 1895 the functions of the Joint Commission were enlarged, empowering it to conduct joint meetings, print a Joint Directory of the Scientific Societies of Washington, and act in the interest of all affiliated societies. Resolutions promoting common interests were accepted in 1898, followed by the act of incorporation and bylaws. The incorporators, 14 in number, were designated as the only original members; they adopted the bylaws and elected officers. The Joint Commission held its final meeting on March 22, 1898; the Board of Managers then became the governing body.
Eight scientific societies comprised the original organization of the Washington Academy of Sciences. They were the Anthropological Society of Washington, the Biological Society of Washington, the Chemical Society of Washington, the Entomological Society of Washington, the National Geographical Society, the Geological Society of Washington, the Medical Society of the District of Columbia, and the Philosophical Society of Washington.
The primary function of the Academy is the promotion of science. This is achieved in various activities and publications of the Academy. The Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences, and its predecessor, the Proceedings of the Washington Academy of Sciences, are designed to expose scientists, locally and nationally, to current research and studies in the form of scientific papers.
The functions of the Academy are extended to include high school students who manifest an interest and potential for the sciences. A Washington Junior Academy of Sciences exists for talented students. Scientific education is also promoted by the Joint Board on Science Education, which conducts science fairs in public and private schools, presents annual awards to promising high school students as well as to professional scientists for achievements in their research, and by sponsoring grants-in-aid for research.
The membership of the Academy is comprised of two classes--Members and Fellows. One can be accepted as a Member if he or she demonstrates an interest in the sciences and promotes the Academy's activities. A Fellow, on the other hand, must have conducted original research or have made an outstanding contribution to the scientific field.
This finding aid was digitized with funds generously provided by the Smithsonian Institution Women’s Committee.
The records of the Academy include proceedings of the Joint Commission, minutes of general Academy and Board of Managers meetings, correspondence, membership applications, scrapbooks, photographs, and publications.
This collection is indexed under the following access terms. These are links to collections with related topics, persons or places.
- Joint Commission of Scientific Societies of Washington, D.C.
- Scientific Societies of Washington, D.C., Joint Commission of.
Physical Characteristics of Materials in the Collection
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7099, Washington Academy of Sciences, Records
Series 1PROCEEDINGS OF THE JOINT COMMISSION, 1888-1898, bound, 2 volumes.
The Joint Commission of the Scientific Societies of Washington, D.C., functioned as the advisory body of the local scientific societies until the act of incorporation was executed in 1898. The Proceedings provide accounts of the organizational meetings as well as procedural matters before incorporation. The original members of the Joint Commission were Robert Fletcher, Washington Matthews, Franklin A. Seely, Anthropological Society; William H. Dall, C. Hart Merriam, Richard Rathbun, Biological Society; Jerome Henry Kidder, Frank W. Clarke, Harvey Washington Wiley, Chemical Society; Gardiner G. Hubbard, John Russell Bartlett, Henry Gannett, Geographical Society; and Garrick Mallery, chairman, John Wesley Powell, Marcus Baker, secretary, Philosophical Society.
Minutes of the Proceedings of the Joint Commission of Scientific Societies of Washington, volume 1, February 25, 1888-February 20, 1896; Minutes of the Organizing Committee, 1892; Minutes of the Executive Committee of the Joint Commission, February 27, 1895-January 18, 1897; Minutes of the Executive and Finance Committee of the local Committee of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, April 7, 1891-December 21, 1891.
Minutes of the Proceedings of the Joint Commission of Scientific Societies of Washington, volume 2, January 20, 1897-March 22, 1898; Minutes of the Executive Committee of the Joint Commission, February 15, 1897-March 7, 1898; Minutes of the Committee on Constitution, January 11, 1898-January 31, 1898.
Series 2MINUTES OF ACADEMY MEETINGS, 1908-1936, MINUTES OF THE BOARD OF MANAGERS, bound, 14 volumes.
The Minutes of Academy Meetings are incomplete. The position of recording secretary of the Washington Academy of Sciences was created at the 48th meeting (10th annual) on January 16, 1908. The recording secretary's record book begins with this meeting. The Academy Meetings are open to the general membership. The Minutes of Meetings of the Board of Managers, the governing body of the Academy, are also incomplete. No records are available for the first 164 meetings. The Board of Managers' meetings are limited to the membership of that body.
Minutes of Academy Meetings, January 16, 1908-January 16, 1936; also, Minutes of Annual Meetings, January 16, 1908-January 16, 1936 (10th-38th annual meetings). 1 volume.
Minutes of the Board of Managers, volume 3, January 31, 1911-December 19, 1929; also, resolutions on the deaths of Professor Leon Pierre Manouvrier, Charles D. Walcott, and Sebastian Jacob Mauchly.
Minutes of the Board of Managers, volume 4, January 29, 1930-December 16, 1938.
Minutes of the Board of Managers, volume 5, February 10, 1939-October 18, 1943.
Minutes of the Board of Managers, volume 6, January 10, 1944-November 15, 1948.
Minutes of the Board of Managers, volume 7, December 13, 1948-October 13, 1952.
Minutes of the Board of Managers, volume 8, November 17, 1952-December 21, 1954.
Minutes of the Board of Managers, volume 9, January 18, 1955-June 19, 1956.
Minutes of the Board of Managers, volume 10, October 16, 1956-November 19, 1957.
Minutes of the Board of Managers, volume 11, December 17, 1957-May 13, 1958.
Minutes of the Board of Managers, volume 12, June 17, 1958-January 13, 1959.
Minutes of the Board of Managers, volume 13, February 17, 1959-June 16, 1959.
Minutes of the Board of Managers, volume 14, October 20, 1959-February 16, 1960.
Minutes of the Board of Managers, volume 15, March 15, 1960-December 20, 1960.
Series 3OUTGOING CORRESPONDENCE, 1900-1912, bound letterpress, 6 volumes arranged chronologically.
There is no parallel incoming correspondence available for the time span of the outgoing correspondence, November 1, 1900-January 17, 1912. Each volume is indexed individually. Volume 1 in the series is missing. The remaining volumes are numbered 2-7.
Volume 2 November 1, 1900-May 25, 1904; correspondence from the Academy corresponding secretary Frank Baker to new members on their election to the Academy; notification of election to committees, to non-resident membership; reports of committee chairmen.
Volume 3 May 25, 1904-May 25, 1906.
Volume 4 May 25, 1906-February 8, 1908.
Volume 5 February 7, 1908-December 13, 1909; routine correspondence regarding election to and resignation from the Academy.
Volume 6 December 21, 1909-April 7, 1911.
Volume 7 April 7, 1911-January 17, 1912; past members; resolutions of the Board of Managers; routine matters.
Series 4GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE, 1901-1968
The general correspondence, most of which consists of committee reports and correspondence regarding committee activities, is filed chronologically within each folder. The files have been maintained in the original order given them by the Washington Academy of Sciences. A few folders have been rearranged in order to restore what appeared to be the order originally.
3. American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) Grants-in-Aide (1944) and regulations for Grants; 1952 Academy Conference and history of the Academy Conference (1926-1952).
4. Correspondence between Affiliated Societies and Washington Academy of Sciences, 1959-1963. 3 folders.
1. Standing Rules of the Board of Managers of the Washington Academy of Sciences, 1948, 1949, 1959-1968.
2. Bylaws of the Washington Academy of Sciences, 1948- 1966.
3. Committee on Policy and Planning, 1948-1949, 1952-1965. 3 folders.
4. Auditing Committee and Reports, 1945, 1958-1964
1. Committee on Science Education, 1954, 1958-1961. 2 folders.
2. Committee for the Encouragement of Science Talents, 1949-1968.
3. Washington Junior Academy of Sciences, 1952-1968.
4. Annual Scientific Achievement Awards, 1956-1967.
5. Joint Board on Science Education, 1956-1961. 2 folders.
1. Joint Board on Science Education, 1962-1964.
2. Correspondence in regard to the publication of the Proceedings of the Washington Academy of Sciences, 1901-1912, 1921.
3. Correspondence, Committee Reports, and Price Quotations on the Monograph, "The Parasitic Cuckoos of Africa," and the symposium, "Microsomal Particles and Protein Synthesis."
4. Comments and Reports of the Committee on the Improvement of the Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences, 1932, 1953-1955.
5. Records and correspondence regarding publication of articles in the Journal, 1931-1935.
6. Disposition of an Index for the Journal, volumes 1-40, and the Proceedings, volumes 1-13, 1948-1952.
7. Reports of the Board of Editors and Custodian of Publications of the Journal.
8. Coding for 1956 Directory and correspondence of the Committee on Joint Directory of the Academy, 1961-1962.
9. Archivist's Records and Files, 1947-1961, incomplete.
1. Correspondence of the President of the Washington Academy of Sciences, 1959-1961.
2. Executive Committee Minutes, 1960, 1963, 1966
3. Ways and Means Committee, 1941, 1942, 1955-1959
4. Committee on Meetings, 1960.
5. Committee on Membership, 1960-1961.
6. Health, Education, and Welfare-National Institute of Health Contracts, 1961.
7. Special Committee on Symposia, 1946.
8. Meeting place and permanent headquarters, 1940, 1958, 1966, 1968.
9. Nominating Committee, 1955, 1958-1960.
10. Report of the Board of Tellers, ca. 1944-1965, with some years not represented.
11. Elections, 1962-1967.
12. Ad Hoc Committee on Honorary Membership, 1961.
13. Public Relations Committee, 1955-1956.
14. Committee on Grants-in-aid, 1960-1965.
15. Legislative Committee, 1947-1948.
16. Committee to Consider Questions regarding the Committee of Membership, 1942.
17. Actuarial Basis for Life Membership in the Academy, 1930.
18. National Research Foundation Committee, 1945.
19. Joint Committee on Press Relations, 1948.
20. Special Committee on the Joint Secretariat, 1951.
21. Records of Deceased Members, 1934-1954.
Series 5MEMBERSHIP APPLICATIONS.
The applications are adequate resources for biographical data concerning the nominee, including academic background, research in the area of specialization, and publications. With most applications an acceptance letter of election can be found. In the more recent applications the data may not be available or is only in an abbreviated form.
The applications for membership in boxes 21-28 are filed according to the date of nomination and election rather than alphabetically as found in boxes 13-20. The first date on the folder is the date of nomination; the second date is the election date. However, the dates on the boxes and in this description are the first date of nomination and the last date of election. Under the revised Bylaws of December 1962, persons can be elected to the Academy either as Members or as Fellows. Members may submit their own applications with final approval made by the Membership Committee. Fellows, however, must be nominated by at least two Fellows, recommended by the Membership Committee, and elected by the Board of Managers. They must have conducted original research or have made an outstanding service to the sciences, mathematics, or engineering. Folders are labeled either Members or Fellows.
Membership Applications, 1898-1948. Aamodt-Butz
Membership Applications, 1898-1948. Caballero-G. M. Foster
Membership Applications, 1898-1948. M. D. Foster-Just
Membership Applications, 1898-1948. Kalmbach-Musgrave
Membership Applications, 1898-1948. Nachtrieb-Silverman
Membership Applications, 1898-1948. Simha-Wheeler
Membership Applications, 1898-1948. Wherry-Zon
Membership Applications, 1949-1953. Hofstaetter-Zwemer
Membership Applications, December 15, 1952-October 19, 1954
Membership Applications, December 21, 1954-June 19, 1956
Membership Applications, June 19, 1956-June 17, 1958
Membership Applications, October 21, 1958-May 17, 1960
Membership Applications, May 17, 1960-June 13, 1961
Membership Applications, November 7, 1961-June 4, 1962
Membership Applications, October 2, 1962-April 27, 1964
Membership Applications, May 25, 1964-February 28, 1966
Membership Applications, March 17, 1966-October 19, 1967; also, miscellaneous material on membership--lists, resignations, committees, ballots, honorary memberships, emeriti memberships.
Series 6SCRAPBOOKS, 1898-ca. 1962, 2 volumes.
Of particular interest in the scrapbooks are the newspaper clippings of obituaries of past members. Most of the printed matter concerns meeting announcements, programs, and elections. There is some duplication found in the scrapbooks and the general correspondence files of certain committees.
1898-1922, Volume 1. Assembled by Robert B. Sosman, corresponding secretary, in 1921. Complete only after 1917. Includes a Joint Committee Organization Report from 1897; printed meeting announcements; Act of Incorporation, Bylaws, Officers, Committees, and Members, December 1899; lectures; elections; miscellaneous printed matter.
Miscellaneous Publications. "Lectures on Heredity," 1917; The Parasitic Cuckoos of Africa, 1948; Index to the Proceedings (volumes 1-13) and the Journal (volumes 1-40), 1953; Microsomal Particles and Protein Synthesis, 1958; Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences, March 1972, volume 62; pamphlets.
1923-ca. 1962, Volume 2. Meeting announcements and programs; obituaries; ballots; newspaper clippings of scientific articles; science fair articles. [very fragile]
The photographs are of past presidents of the Washington Academy of Sciences. Photographs are available for every president from 1898 to 1951 with the exception of Charles E. Chambliss (1939), John E. Graf (1945), and Waldo Lasalle Schmitt (1947).
1. John R. Eastman, 1898
2. Charles D. Walcott, 1899-1910
3. Frank Wigglesworth Clarke, 1911
4. Frederick Vernon Coville, 1912
5. Otto Hilgard Tittmann, 1913
6. David White, 1914
7. Robert S. Woodward, 1915
8. Leland Ossian Howard, 1916
9. William Henry Holmes, 1917
10. Lyman J. Briggs, 1918
11. Frederick Leslie Ransome, 1919
12. Carl L. Alsberg, 1920
13. Alfred H. Brooks, 1921
14. William Jackson Humphreys, 1922
15. T. Wayland Vaughan, 1923
16. Arthur L. Day, 1924
17. Vernon L. Kellogg, 1925
18. George Kimball Burgess, 1926
19. Alexander Wetmore, 1927
20. Robert B. Sosman, 1928
21. Ales Hrdlicka, 1929
22. William Bowie, 1930
23. Nathan A. Cobb, 1931
24. Leason H. Adams, 1932
25. Robert Fiske Griggs, 1933
26. Louis B. Tuckerman, 1934
27. George W. McCoy, 1935
28. Oscar Edward Meinzer, 1936
29. Charles Thom, 1937
30. Paul E. Howe, 1938
31. Eugene C. Crittenden, 1940
32. Austin H. Clark, 1941
33. Harvey L. Curtis, 1942
34. Leland Wilbur Parr, 1943
35. Clement Leinster Garner, 1944
36. Hugh L. Dryden, 1946
37. Frederick Dominic Rossini, 1948
38. Frank H. H. Roberts, Jr., 1949
39. Francis Briggs Silsbee, 1950
40. Nathan R. Smith, 1951
41. Francis Marion Defandorf, 1954
42. Miscellaneous: photo of the 50th anniversary meeting of the Helminthological Society of Washington, October 31, 1960; list of past presidents, 1898-1950.
Series 8PUBLICATIONS, 1889-1972.
The Proceedings of the Washington Academy of Sciences was the first attempt made by the organization to publish scholarly works. The Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences succeeded the Proceedings as the major publication of the Academy in 1911. There are no issues of the Journal for the years 1912-1916 in this collection.
The Directories of the Washington Academy of Sciences appear to be biennial publications, although this sequence does not seem to have been maintained throughout. In 1962 the Directory Issue, as part of the Journal, replaced the Directory. The Academy also sponsored the publication of a monograph, "The Parasitic Cuckoos of Africa," a symposium, "Microsomal Particles and Protein Synthesis," and an index to the Proceedings and Journal.
Proceedings of the Washington Academy of Sciences, volumes 1-3, 1899-1901.
Proceedings of the Washington Academy of Sciences, volumes 4-7, 1902-1905.
Proceedings of the Washington Academy of Sciences, volumes 8-13, 1906-1911.
Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences, volumes 1, 7-11, 1911, 1917-1921.
Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences, volumes 12-19, 1922-1927.
Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences, volumes 18-23, 1928-1933.
Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences, volumes 24-29, 1934-1939.
Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences, volumes 30-39, 1940-1946.
Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences, volumes 37-44, 1947-1954; November 1954 (44) is missing.
Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences, volumes 45-54, 1955-1964; June 1956 (46) and August 1958 (48) are missing.
Joint Directory of Scientific Societies of Washington, 1889-1898. 1 volume
Directories of the Washington Academy of Sciences, 1899, 1900, 1901, 1903, 1905, 1907, 1911, 1913, 1915, 1917, 1919, 1923, 1925, 1927, 1930, 1932, 1935, 1937, 1939, 1941, 1947-48, 1953, 1956, 1959.
Directory Issue, Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences, 1962, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1967.
Washington Academy of Sciences--Members, Officers, and Committees--1918, 1920, 1924. 3 volumes.
Personal Data (names, addresses, degrees, etc.) of Academy Members, 1901, compiled for inclusion in the Joint Directory.
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